2019 Cameron Highlands by-election

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2019 Cameron Highlands by-election

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P78 Cameron Highlands seat in the Dewan Rakyat
  First party Second party Third party
  BN PH IND
Candidate Ramli Mohd Nor M. Manogaran Sallehudin Ab Talib
Party Direct Member DAP Independent
Alliance BN PH
Popular vote 12,038 8,800 314
Percentage 56.18% 41.07% 1.47%

  Fourth party
  IND
Candidate Wong Seng Yee
Party Independent
Popular vote 276
Percentage 1.29%

P078 Cameron Highlands.svg
Cameron Highlands federal constituency border and its corresponding state assembly seats.

MP before election

Sivarraajh Chandran (nullified)
Barisan Nasional (MIC)

Elected MP

Ramli Mohd Nor
Barisan Nasional (Direct Member)

A by-election was held on 26 January 2019 for the Dewan Rakyat seat of Cameron Highlands.[1] The seat became vacant after the Election Court on 30 November 2018 declared the incumbent Barisan Nasional (BN) Member of Parliament of Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) Dato' Sivarraajh Chandran's victory in the seat null and void because it was found that corrupt practices were committed in the 14th general election.[2] The court found Sivarraajh guilty of bribing of between RM30 and RM1,000 to the Orang Asli community voters prior to the election as established beyond reasonable doubt in the election petition filed by the Democratic Action Party (DAP) candidate M. Manogaran.[3]

This was the fifth national and the second parliamentary by-election to be called since the historic 2018 general election, which saw the first-ever change of federal government in Malaysia's history. Polling for this by-election was held on 26 January 2019 (Saturday), with nomination day on 12 January and early voting on 22 January. Overseas voting was opened for registration from 19 December 2018 and closed on 11 January 2019.[4]

Barisan Nasional's direct member candidate Ramli Mohd Nor won the by-election.[5] He was the first indigenous Orang Asli candidate elected into the Dewan Rakyat.[6]

The by-election had the highest turnout than any other by-election after the 14th General Elections.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic breakdown of Cameron Highlands's electorate as of 2018
Source: The Star[8]

  Malay (33.5%)
  Chinese (29.48%)
  Indian (14.91%)
  Orang Asli (21.56%)
  Other (0.55%)

The electoral roll used was as of the third quarter of 2018, updated on 14 December. There were a total of 32,009 registered voters, including 247 early voters and 12 absentee voters. There are also 385 disabled voters.

The constituency electorate breakdown are Malay 33.5%; Chinese 29.48%; Indian 14.91%; Orang Asli (Peninsular Malaysia) 21.56%; Bumiputera Sabah 0.12%; Bumiputera Sarawak 0.06%; Others 0.37%.

Cameron Highlands district officer Datuk Ishak Md Napis was the returning officer for the by-election.[9] A total of 811 election officers handled the by-election in 31 polling centres, with an allocation of RM3.5 million.[10] The nomination centre and vote-tallying centre was the Gemilang Hall of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Sultan Ahmad Shah.[11]

Vote-tallying process and results announcement of the by-election were also broadcast live to the public for a historic first time on Election Commission (EC)’s social media platforms such as Facebook and Instagram.[12]

Nomination[edit]

BN initially planned to continue to let MIC field a candidate for the by-election[13] and the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) has pledges to assist MIC in Cameron Highlands by-election.[14] But somehow BN on 10 January announced that a BN direct member who is not a member from any BN component party; Ramli Mohd Noor as the coalition’s candidate in the Cameron Highlands by-election. Ramli is a retired senior police officer with the rank of Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP); who is a local indigenous Orang Asli of Semai tribe.[15][16]

Pakatan Harapan (PH) had on 4 January picked and announced DAP's M. Manogaran as the candidate for the Cameron Highlands by-election.[17]

The Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) had announced that they would stay out of the by-election to support opposition candidate.[18]

The in-turmoil People's Progressive Party (MyPPP) disputed president M. Kayveas had announced on 6 January he will be contesting for the party in the by-election.[19] But on Nomination Day, he decided not to contest and supported the PH candidate instead.

Former BN component Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan) on 11 January announced that it has decided to sit out the Cameron Highlands parliamentary by-election after earlier rumours that the party might field its Cameron Highlands deputy division chairperson Dr Eddie Edward Tharmaraj as the candidate in the by-election.[20]

BN's Ramli Mohd Noor, PH's M. Manogaran and two independent candidates, Wong Seng Yee and Sallehudin Ab Talib, submitted their nomination papers on 12 January to set for a four-cornered fight on 26 January. Wong (hoe logo) is a farmer and a member of the Cameron Highlands Agricultural Cooperative Association, while Sallehudin (book logo) from Felda Sungai Koyan 1, is a former lecturer at Institut Aminuddin Baki.[21]

Controversies and issues[edit]

A voter Syazleen Anisa Misria who is a bride-to-be got panic realising that the school hall she had booked six months ago for her wedding was to be used as a voting centre on the same day when the by-election was announced. She took to express her despair and sadness of her dilemma situation as almost all her wedding preparations have been done in a post on the EC's Facebook page. Her post was quickly met with an immediate attention and reply by the admin of the EC Facebook page who request her contact details to discuss the matter further. Hours later Syazleen commented to her earlier post that she had been contacted by the EC and that her wedding has been brought forward by a week. She also mentioned EC will compensate her with some contribution and her hopes that the by-election and her wedding will be smoothly conducted beside her gratitude to the EC for their assistance.[22][23]

The EC ruled on 28 December that MIC C. Sivarraajh is ineligible to re-contest the by-election as he was barred from becoming a candidate or voter in any election for the next five years beginning 13 December 2018 under Section 36(2)(a) and Section 37 of the Election Offences Act 1954.[24] The High Court on 10 January dismisses Sivarraajh's bid to challenge EC decision over the five-year election ban.[25]

PH candidate M. Manogaran had on 10 January apologised and expressed regrets for his insensitive remarks a day earlier citing the perception that "Malays don't even buy kuih from Orang Asli vendors" analogy regarding BN fielding an Orang Asli candidate.[26]

Orang Asli Senator Bob Manolan Mohamad of People's Justice Party (PKR) clarified that his appeal to the Orang Asli village headmen (Tok Batin) in a dialogue between them earlier, to put aside political differences and work together with the Federal Government to better their villages in Cameron Highlands have been mistaken as "threats" allegedly made to them if they did not support PH they will not get paid and will be sacked. However the explanation was vague due to clear recording obtained containing his speech during the campaign.[27]

BN candidate Ramli had refused to face the other three by-election candidates who already agreed to a live debate to be organised by Bersih 2.0. Ramli also had failed to sign a Bersih 2.0-organised pledges for a fair and clean by-election like the other candidates did.[28]

There were photographs showing a woman clad in a PH T-shirt purportedly handing out money became viral on 13 January which PH has explains it was not bribes but just petrol reimbursements for their party volunteers.[29]

Celebrity chef, Dato' Redzuawan Ismail or popularly known as Chef Wan, the son of a Federal Land Development Authority (Felda) settler, said he wants to slap former prime minister Najib Razak and ex-Felda chairman Mohd Isa Abdul Samad for mismanaging the agency into a financial mess while on a cooking programme and campaign trail for Felda settlers in Cameron Highlands on 20 January 2019.[30]

A driver of the Raub Forest Department reported over the use of state government vehicles during the by-election campaign and defended his action of handing over the government vehicle to Deputy Water, Land and Natural Resources Minister Tengku Zulpuri Shah Raja Puji on 21 January 2019.[31]

On Polling Day, M. Manogaran, wore a shirt bearing the party logo to a polling station against the election rules and he was then escorted out by the EC officer.[32]

Result[edit]

Malaysian general by-election, 26 January 2019: Cameron Highlands
Upon the disqualification of incumbent, Sivarraajh Chandran
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Ramli Mohd Nor 12,038 56.18 Increase 13.88
PH Manogaran Marimuthu 8,800 41.07 Increase 1.22
Independent Sallehudin Ab Talib 314 1.47 N/A
Independent Wong Seng Yee 276 1.29 N/A
Total valid votes 21,428 100.00
Total rejected ballots 568
Unreturned ballots 23
Turnout 22,019 68.79
Registered electors 32,009
Majority 3,238 15.11
BN hold Swing Increase 6.33
Source(s)
"Official: BN retains Cameron, Ramli to be first Orang Asli MP". 26 Jan 2019.

Previous result[edit]

Malaysian general election, 2018: Cameron Highlands
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Sivarraajh Chandran 10,307 42.30 Decrease 5.74
PH Manogaran Marimuthu 9,710 39.85 Decrease 6.07
PAS Wan Mahadir Wan Mahmud 3,587 14.72 N/A
PSM Suresh Kumar Balasubramaniam 680 2.79 N/A
Berjasa Mohd Tahir Kassim 81 0.33 Decrease 3.84
Total valid votes 24,365 100.00
Total rejected ballots 790
Unreturned ballots 171
Turnout 25,326 79.03
Registered electors 32,048
Majority 597 2.45
BN hold Swing Increase 0.17

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cameron Highlands parliamentary by-election set for Jan 26". The Star Online. 19 December 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  2. ^ Hamdan, Nurbaiti (2018-11-30). "Court nullifies BN's GE14 victory for Cameron Highlands seat (Updated)". The Star Online. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  3. ^ Hong, Bede (30 November 2018). "MIC loses Cameron Highlands seat over graft case". The Malaysian Insight. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  4. ^ Joseph Kaos Jr (19 December 2018). "Cameron Highlands parliamentary by-election set for Jan 26". The Star Online. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  5. ^ "BN retains Cameron Highlands parliamentary seat". Bernama. The Sun Daily. 26 January 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  6. ^ "It's official: BN's Ramli wins Camerons polls". The Star Online. 26 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  7. ^ Yasmin Ramlan (26 January 2019). "EC satisfied with highest by-election turnout since GE14". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  8. ^ "The Star Online GE14". The Star. Retrieved 24 December 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  9. ^ "Cameron Highlands by-election on Jan 26, 2019". Bernama. The Edge Markets. 19 December 2018. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  10. ^ Chow, Melissa Darlyne (19 December 2018). "Cameron Highlands by-election on Jan 26". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  11. ^ "EC changes nomination, vote-tallying centres for Camerons by-election". Bernama. Free Malaysia Today. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  12. ^ Joseph Kaos Jr (20 December 2018). "Live telecast for Cameron vote count". The Star Online. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  13. ^ Jo Timbuong (2 December 2018). "Ahmad Zahid: Barisan reserves Cameron seat for MIC". The Star Online. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  14. ^ AMAR SHAH MOHSEN (5 January 2019). "MCA pledges to help MIC in Cameron Highlands". The Sun Daily. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  15. ^ "BN picks retired Orang Asli police officer for Cameron Highlands by-election". Bernama. The Sun Daily. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  16. ^ Haspaizi Zain (10 January 2019). "Confirmed: BN picks ex-Orang Asli top cop for Cameron Highlands". Malaysiakini.
  17. ^ "DAP's Manogaran is Pakatan candidate for Cameron Highlands seat". The Star Online. 4 January 2019. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  18. ^ "PAS to sit out Cameron Highlands by-election". Free Malaysia Today. 19 December 2018. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  19. ^ Hidir Reduan Abdul Rashid (6 January 2019). "'Uncle Bond' to run for Cameron Highlands". New Strait Times. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  20. ^ "Gerakan to sit out Cameron polls". Malaysiakini. 11 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  21. ^ Ivan Loh and Joseph Kaos Jr (12 January 2019). "Four-cornered fight for Cameron Highlands seat". The Star Online. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  22. ^ "Disaster averted for bride-to-be after EC steps in". Malaysiakini. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  23. ^ Azyyati Ahmad (21 December 2018). "Bakal pengantin panik gara-gara PRK Cameron Highlands, ini reaksi SPR" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  24. ^ Allison Lai (28 December 2018). "EC bans MIC's Sivarrajh for five years, cannot run in Cameron polls". The Star Online. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  25. ^ Hafiz Yatim (10 January 2019). "High Court dismisses Sivarraajh's bid to challenge five-year election ban". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  26. ^ "Manogaran apologises for distasteful 'kuih' remarks". Malaysiakini. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  27. ^ "Pakatan senator explains 'no pay' remarks to Orang Asli chiefs". The Malaysian Insight. 11 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  28. ^ Ivan Loh (12 January 2019). "Cameron's BN candidate refuses to debate with fellow candidates, says has nothing to hide". The Star Online. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  29. ^ Joseph Kaos Jr (13 January 2019). "Pakatan aide on cash handout photos: Not bribes, but petrol reimbursements". The Star Online. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  30. ^ Christopher Rabin (20 January 2019). "Chef Wan wants to slap Najib, Isa Samad". The Malaysian Insight. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  31. ^ "Deputy minister asked for department vehicle for trip to Camerons village, says forestry officer". Free Malaysia Today. 23 January 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  32. ^ Joseph Kaos Jr (26 January 2019). "Manogaran told to leave voting centre for wearing shirt with party logo". The Star Online. Retrieved 26 January 2019.