2019 Comorian presidential election
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politics and government of
Early presidential elections were held in the Comoros on 24 March 2019 alongside regional elections. A second round would have been held on 21 April if required, but incumbent President Azali Assoumani was re-elected in the first round of voting.
Until 2018, the presidency of the Comoros rotated between the country's three main islands; Anjouan, Grande Comore and Mohéli. The 2010 elections were limited to Mohélian candidates and the 2016 elections saw candidates from Grand Comore contest the elections. The next presidential election would have seen a president elected from Anjouan.
However, a constitutional referendum in July 2018 saw voters approve constitutional amendments that scrapped the rotation system and instituted a normal two-round system in which a candidate has to receive a majority of the vote in the first round to be elected, with a second round held if no candidate is able to win in the first round. The changes also moved the next presidential elections forward to 2019 and allowed incumbent President Azali Assoumani run for a second term.
The referendum led to violent protests and an armed uprising in Anjouan in October 2018, which was stopped by the army after several days.
A total of 20 candidates registered to contest the elections, with the Supreme Court determining the final list of eligible participants. Incumbent President Assoumani ran for reelection, whilst other candidates attempting to register included the two losing candidates from the nationwide vote in 2016 (Mohamed Ali Soilihi and Mouigni Baraka) and Salim Saadi, who contested the 2016 primary elections as an independent. Seven of the 20 applicants were rejected, including the main opposition candidate Ibrahim Mohamed Soulé.
|Mahamoud Ahamada||Independent||Lawyer to former President Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi|
|Azali Assoumani||Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros||Incumbent President|
|Said Djaffar Elmacely||Independent|
|Hassani Hamadi||Independent||Governor of Grande Comore|
|Fahmi Said Ibrahim||Independent|
|Hamidou Karihila||Independent||Former Secretary of State for the Arab Worldm, ex-CRC|
|Saïd Larifou||Independent||Leader of the RIDJA party|
|Ali Mhadji||Independent||MP for Hambou, ex-CRC|
|Ibrahim Ali Mzimba||Independent||President of the Bar Association|
|Achmet Saïd||Independent||Dean of the Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Mohamed Ali Soilihi||Union for the Development of the Comoros|
|Mohamed Soilihi||Independent||Former Chief of Staff of the Comorian Army|
|Mouigni Baraka Saïd Soilihi||Independent||Former Governor of Grande Comore|
|Moustoifa Saïd Cheikh||Democratic Front|
|Soilihi Mohamed Soilihi||Independent||Former ambassador to the United States|
|Ibrahim Mohamed Soulé||Juwa Party|
|Azali Assoumani||Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros||96,635||60.77|
|Mouigni Baraka Saïd Soilihi||Independent||8,851||5.57|
|Fahmi Said Ibrahim||Independent||3,782||2.38|
|Ibrahim Ali Mzimba||Independent||2,185||1.38|
|Said Djaffar Elmacely||Independent||1,474||0.93|
Following the election, the fourth-placed candidate Mohamed Soilihi called for the results to be invalidated and for a campaign of civil disobedience. He was subsequently arrested.
- Comoros: Presidential elections scheduled for March 2019 Garda World, 31 December 2018
- Union of the Comoros IFES
- Comoros: Government Global Edge
- Africa’s top trouble spots in 2019 mapped The East African, 6 January 2019
- Comoros army regains control in Anjouan after uprising: minister News 24, 21 October 2018
- Comores: clôture du dépôt de candidature pour la présidentielle RFI, 23 January 2019
- Former Army Chief in Coup-Prone Comoros Rejects Vote Results Bloomberg, 28 March 2019