2019 Comorian presidential election

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2019 Comorian presidential election

← 2016 24 March 2019
  Azali Assoumani 2018.jpg Noimage.png Noimage.png
Candidate Azali Assoumani Mahamoud Ahamada Mouigni Baraka Saïd Soilihi
Party CRC Independent Independent
Popular vote 96,635 23,233 8,851
Percentage 60.77% 14.62% 5.57%

President before election

Azali Assoumani
CRC

Elected President

Azali Assoumani
CRC

Seal of the Comoros.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Comoros

Early presidential elections were held in the Comoros on 24 March 2019 alongside regional elections.[1] A second round would have been held on 21 April if required,[2] but incumbent President Azali Assoumani was re-elected in the first round of voting.

Electoral system[edit]

Until 2018, the presidency of the Comoros rotated between the country's three main islands; Anjouan, Grande Comore and Mohéli. The 2010 elections were limited to Mohélian candidates and the 2016 elections saw candidates from Grand Comore contest the elections.[3] The next presidential election would have seen a president elected from Anjouan.

However, a constitutional referendum in July 2018 saw voters approve constitutional amendments that scrapped the rotation system and instituted a normal two-round system in which a candidate has to receive a majority of the vote in the first round to be elected, with a second round held if no candidate is able to win in the first round.[1] The changes also moved the next presidential elections forward to 2019 and allowed incumbent President Azali Assoumani run for a second term.[4]

The referendum led to violent protests and an armed uprising in Anjouan in October 2018, which was stopped by the army after several days.[5]

Candidates[edit]

A total of 20 candidates registered to contest the elections, with the Supreme Court determining the final list of eligible participants.[6] Incumbent President Assoumani ran for reelection, whilst other candidates attempting to register included the two losing candidates from the nationwide vote in 2016 (Mohamed Ali Soilihi and Mouigni Baraka) and Salim Saadi, who contested the 2016 primary elections as an independent.[6] Seven of the 20 applicants were rejected, including the main opposition candidate Ibrahim Mohamed Soulé.[7]

Approved candidates
Candidate Party Notes
Mahamoud Ahamada Independent Lawyer to former President Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi
Azali Assoumani Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros Incumbent President
Said Djaffar Elmacely Independent
Hassani Hamadi Independent Governor of Grande Comore
Fahmi Said Ibrahim Independent
Hamidou Karihila Independent Former Secretary of State for the Arab Worldm, ex-CRC
Saïd Larifou Independent Leader of the RIDJA party
Ali Mhadji Independent MP for Hambou, ex-CRC
Ibrahim Ali Mzimba Independent President of the Bar Association
Salim Saadi Independent Entrepreneur
Achmet Saïd Independent Dean of the Faculty of Science and Technology
Mohamed Ali Soilihi Union for the Development of the Comoros
Mohamed Soilihi Independent Former Chief of Staff of the Comorian Army
Mouigni Baraka Saïd Soilihi Independent Former Governor of Grande Comore
Rejected candidates
Bourhane Abdallah Independent Entrepreneur
Youssouf Boina Independent
Moustoifa Saïd Cheikh Democratic Front
Soilihi Mohamed Soilihi Independent Former ambassador to the United States
Zile Soilih Independent
Ibrahim Mohamed Soulé Juwa Party
Source: Al-Watwan

Results[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Azali Assoumani Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros 96,635 60.77
Mahamoud Ahamada Independent 23,233 14.62
Mouigni Baraka Saïd Soilihi Independent 8,851 5.57
Mohamed Soilihi Independent 6,110 3.84
Hamidou Karihila Independent 3,880 2.44
Fahmi Said Ibrahim Independent 3,782 2.38
Hassani Hamadi Independent 3,576 2.25
Saïd Larifou Independent 3,368 2.12
Achmet Saïd Independent 3,326 2.09
Ibrahim Ali Mzimba Independent 2,185 1.38
Ali Mhadji Independent 1,484 0.93
Said Djaffar Elmacely Independent 1,474 0.93
Salim Saadi Independent 1,104 0.69
Invalid/blank votes 7,439
Total 166,447 100
Registered voters/turnout 309,137 53.84
Source: CENI

Aftermath[edit]

Following the election, the fourth-placed candidate Mohamed Soilihi called for the results to be invalidated and for a campaign of civil disobedience. He was subsequently arrested.[7]

References[edit]