2019 Danish general election

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2019 Danish general election
Kingdom of Denmark
← 2015 5 June 2019

All 179 seats in the Folketing
175 from Denmark, 2 from Greenland and 2 from the Faroe Islands.
90 seats are needed for a majority[1]
Party Leader Current seats
Parties running in Denmark
Social Democrats Mette Frederiksen 46
DPP Kristian Thulesen Dahl 37
Venstre Lars Løkke Rasmussen 34
Red–Green Pernille Skipper[a] 14
Liberal Alliance Anders Samuelsen 13
The Alternative Uffe Elbæk 10
Social Liberals Morten Østergaard 8
SF Pia Olsen Dyhr 7
Conservative Søren Pape Poulsen 6
Christian Democrats Isabella Arendt[b] 0
New Right Pernille Vermund 0
Klaus Riskær Pedersen Klaus Riskær Pedersen 0
Hard Line Rasmus Paludan 0
Parties running in the Faroe Islands
Republic Høgni Hoydal 1
Social Democratic Aksel V. Johannesen 1
People's Jørgen Niclasen 0
Union Bárður á Steig Nielsen 0
Self-Government Jógvan Skorheim 0
Centre Jenis av Rana 0
Progress Poul Michelsen 0
Parties running in Greenland
Inuit Ataqatigiit Múte Bourup Egede 1
Nunatta Qitornai[c] Vittus Qujaukitsoq 1
Siumut[c] Kim Kielsen 0
Democrats Niels Thomsen 0
Partii Naleraq Hans Enoksen 0
Atassut Siverth K. Heilmann 0
Cooperation Party Michael Rosing 0
Incumbent Prime Minister
Lars Løkke Rasmussen Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Venstre

General elections will be held in the Kingdom of Denmark on 5 June 2019.[4] All 179 members of the Folketing will be elected, 175 in Denmark proper, two in the Faroe Islands and two in Greenland. The election will be held 10 days after European Parliament elections in Denmark.[5]

Background[edit]

At the 2015 general election, a narrow majority was won by the Danish People's Party, Venstre, Liberal Alliance and the Conservative People's Party, colloquially known as the "blue bloc". They gained 90 seats in the Folketing versus 89 seats for the remaining parties, all belonging to the "Red bloc". Ten days later, Lars Løkke Rasmussen, the leader of Venstre, became Prime Minister, when Venstre formed a single-party government supported by the remaining parties in the "blue bloc".[6] In November 2016, Rasmussen formed a new government, now a coalition with Liberal Alliance, and the Conservative People's Party.

Electoral system[edit]

Of the 179 members of the Folketing, 175 are elected in Denmark proper, two in Faroe Islands and two in Greenland. In Denmark there are ten multi-member constituencies containing a total of 135 seats directly elected by proportional representation, with seats allocated using a modified version of the Sainte-Laguë method and Hare quota. An additional 40 seats are used to address any imbalance in the distribution of the constituency seats, and are distributed among all parties that cross the 2% election threshold, according to their national vote share.[7][8]

Voters can choose between casting a personal vote for a candidate, or voting for a political party. The votes given to political parties are distributed among the candidates for that party. This can either be done in proportion to their personal votes, or by giving them to candidates in a predetermined order. All parties except the Red-Green Alliance make use of the first option.[8]

According to the Danish Constitution, the 2019 election was required to be held no later than 17 June 2019, as the previous elections were held on 18 June 2015. The Prime Minister is able to call the election at any date, provided that date is no later than four years from the previous election, and this is often cited as a tactical advantage for the sitting government, which can call an early election when polls are favourable.

For a new party to become eligible to participate in the election, they must be supported by a number of voters corresponding to 1/175 of all valid votes cast in the previous election. A new party registering to contest the 2019 elections required 20,109 voter declarations to participate.[9]

Participating parties[edit]

Denmark[edit]

All 9 parties currently in the Folketing is contesting the election. In addition, four other parties has gained ballot access. The number of parties is the highest since the elections in the 1990, 1984 and 1981, where 13 parties participated, only surpassed by the 1987 election with 16 parties. Unlike then, most new parties are now on the bourgeois wing.[citation needed]

Danish parties contesting the election[10][2]
Party Leader Last election
A Social Democrats Mette Frederiksen 23.6 % 47 seats
O Danish People's Party Kristian Thulesen Dahl 21.1 % 37 seats
V Venstre Lars Løkke Rasmussen 19.5 % 34 seats
Ø Red-Green Alliance Pernille Skipper[a] 7.8 % 14 seats
I Liberal Alliance Anders Samulesen 7.5 % 13 seats
Å The Alternative Uffe Elbæk 4.8 % 9 seats
B Social Liberals Morten Østergaard 4.6 % 8 seats
F Socialist People's Party Pia Olsen Dyhr 4.2 % 7 seats
C Conservative Søren Pape Poulsen 3.4 % 6 seats
K Christian Democrats Isabella Arendt (acting)[b] 0.8 % -
D The New Right Pernille Vermund Did not contest
E Klaus Riskær Pedersen Klaus Riskær Pedersen Did not contest
P Hard Line Rasmus Paludan Did not contest

In October 2016 The New Right, a new right-wing party, became eligible to run in the election,[11] and a year later, in October 2017, the Christian Democrats did likewise. The latter have participated in every election since 1971, but not been in the Folketing since 2011.[12] In February 2019, the party Klaus Riskær Pedersen, named after its founder became eligible too, after having made use of a loophole in the rules for the collection of the necessary voter declarations.[13] In April 2019, following unrest at Nørrebro cause by demonstrations by anti-islamist politician Rasmus Paludan, his party Hard Line managed to collect the required signatures.[14] He had also made use of the same loophole as Riskær Pedersen.[15]

The deadline for notifying new parties is 15 days before the election, ie. 21 May. In the statement from the Ministry of Business Affairs and the Interior on 6 May, no other parties had collected more than just over 5,000 voter declarations. [16]

Faroe Islands[edit]

Seven parties in the Løgtingið by the previous Løgting election are represented at the Folketing election.[17][18]

Republic E
Social Democratic Party C
Union Party B
People's Party A
Progress F
Centre Party H
Self-Government Party D

Greenland[edit]

All parties represented in the Parliament of Greenland are eligible to participate in the election.[19] In the last election, Aleqa Hammond won the Siumut seat, but was expelled in August 2016 following a case about misuse of funds from the Folketing.[20] In April 2018, she joined Nunatta Qitornai.[21]

Greenlandic parties contesting the election[22][23]
Party Leader[d] Last election
S Siumut Kim Kielsen[24] 38.0 % 1 seat
IA Inuit Ataqatigiit Múte Bourup Egede[25] 38.3 % 1 seat
D Democrats Niels Thomsen[e][26] 9.0 % -
A Atassut Siverth K. Heilmann[27] 7.4 % -
PN Partii Naleraq Hans Enoksen[28] 5.1 % -
SA Cooperation Party Michael Rosing[29] Did not contest
NQ Nunatta Qitornai Vittus Qujaukitsoq[30] Did not contest

Campaign[edit]

Early statements[edit]

In October 2017, The New Right, a new right-wing political party who became eligible to run in October 2016,[31] listed three demands for a candidate for Prime Minister to receive their support. All three demands were tightenings of the immigration policy.[32]

On 4 June 2018, the Social Democrats, the largest opposition party, stated that if they were to win the election, they wished to form a single-party government led by their leader Mette Frederiksen, i.e. not as a coalition government with the Social Liberal Party. This was done in order to both pursue traditional centre-left issues, and to have a strict immigration policy.[33] Morten Østergaard, the leader of the Social Liberal Party responded by saying that if the Social Democrats wanted their support, they would also need to give them concessions.[34] The message was welcomed by the anti-immigration Danish People's Party, who support Venstre in the election. Their leader Kristian Thuelesen Dahl, said that this would ensure that they could get through with their immigration policy, no matter who won the election.[35]

On 26 June 2018, The Alternative, who traditionally is regarded as belonging to the "red bloc", stated that they would no longer would support Mette Frederiksen as candidate to become Prime Minister, but instead that their own leader, Uffe Elbæk, would be running for Prime Minister.[36] This was done because they did not regarded the other parties ambitions concerning climate change to be sufficient.[37] The move was met with criticism, as Elbæk's chances are very slim, and that the move could risk keeping Lars Løkke Rasmussen as Prime Minister.[38]

Election campaign[edit]

The election campaign started on 7 May 2019, when Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen announced that the election would be held on 5 June, which is Constitution Day. At the time of announcement, Mette Frederiksen, leader of the Social Democrats and contender to the office of Prime Minister, was sick and unable to participate in the televised debates between all party leaders held on the same evening. Instead Nicolai Wammen was representing the Social Democrats in the debates.[39] Frederiksen started campaigning on 10 May.[40]

Shortly before the election was called, Hard Line, a new far-right party which wants to ban Islam, became eligible to participate in the election.[41] In the beginning of the campaign, much attention was given to the party, and their leader Rasmus Paludan.[42][43] Both Løkke Rasmussen and Frederiksen said that they would not base a government on their votes, and other party leaders rejected to cooperate with the party, should they gain seats.[41] While Venstre, Liberal Alliance and the Conservative said that Hard Line should not be considered as part of the "blue block" when committee seats are distributed, the Danish People's Party were open to that possibility.[44] On 8 May, when Paludan was guest in a TV-show, he called Mimi Jakobsen, a former politician for "Nazi pig", shortly after she said that Paludan's thoughts were "close to Nazi a mindset". Jakobsen threatened to sue, but ultimately decided not to.[45]

On 13 May the Christian Democrats announced that their leader Stig Grenov would take a leave of absence due to stress, and that deputy chairman Isabella Arendt would become acting chairman. On the first evening of the campaign, Grenov had participated in a televised debate on DR1 and was supposed to participate in another debate at TV 2, but became ill and was replaced by Arendt. She was hailed by her performance in that debate, dubbed the "substitute from heaven".[f][46][3] Following the change in chairman, media speculated if the change was a tactical move, as Arendt was perceived to have a broader appeal than Grenov, and as a young woman could improve the party's image,[47][48] but both Grenov and Arendt denied that tactics played a role in the decision.[48]

Opinion polls[edit]

30 day average trendline of the Danish opinion polls towards the general election in 2019, each line corresponds to a political party

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Formally, the Red-Green Alliance have collective leadership, but Skipper is their political spokesperson, and de-facto leader of the party.[2]
  2. ^ a b On 13 May 2019, Arendt became acting chairman when Stig Grenov took an leave of absence due to stress.[3]
  3. ^ a b Aleqa Hammond was a member of Siumut when she was elected to the Folketing, but she was expelled and later joined Nunatta Qitornai
  4. ^ None of the party leaders are candidates in the election.[23]
  5. ^ On leave until 30 June 2019
  6. ^ This nickname was a reference to Karsten Hønge from SF who in 2014 was given the nickname "substitute from hell".[46]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mandatfordelingen / Folketinger". Folketinget. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b Hoffmann-Hansen, Henrik; Fabricius, Kitte (10 May 2019). "Overblik: Partierne i Danmark". Kristeligt Dagblad (in Danish). Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b Meinecke, Sandra Meersohn (13 May 2019). "Stig Grenov på pressemøde: 'Mange års dobbeltarbejde har givet mig stress'". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  4. ^ Denmark's prime minister calls election to be held on June 5 Reuters, 7 May 2019
  5. ^ Lindqvist, Andreas (7 May 2019). "EP-spidskandidater uenige: Er Folketingsvalgkamp godt eller skidt for EU-debatten?". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Her er hele Lars Løkkes ministerhold" (in Danish). Jyllands-Posten. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Folketinget (The Danish Parliament)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 10 April 1991. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  8. ^ a b Madsen, Katrine (18 June 2015). "Sådan tælles stemmerne op - forstå det danske valgsystem på fem minutter". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Hvordan danner jeg et nyt parti?". Økonomi- og indenrigsministeriet. 2 May 2019. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Folketingsvalg torsdag 18. juni 2015". Statistics Denmark. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Nye Borgerlige kan stille op til næste valg". DR Nyheder. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  12. ^ Batchelor, Oliver (14 October 2017). "Kristendemokraterne melder sig klar til næste folketingsvalg". DR Nyheder. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  13. ^ Jørgensen, Anna Sol (18 February 2019). "20.109 stiller sig bag Klaus Riskær: Har underskrifter i hus på lyntid". DR Nyheder. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  14. ^ "Stram Kurs er nu officielt klar til folketingsvalg". DR (in Danish). 6 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  15. ^ Bagge, Christoffer Løvstrup; Biener, Mads (27 April 2019). "Stram Kurs har fået underskrifter nok til at stille op til Folketinget". TV2. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  16. ^ "Digitale vælgererklæringer". Ministry of Business Affairs and the Interior. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Løgtingsval 2015: Her er endaliga valúrslitið". Kringvarp Føroya. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Bekendtgørelse af lov om folketingsvalg på Færøerne". Retsinformation. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Bekendtgørelse af lov om folketingsvalg i Grønland". Retsinformation. 23 May 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  20. ^ "Omstridte Aleqa Hammond smides ud af rødt valgforbund". DR (in Danish). 19 December 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  21. ^ "Grønlandsk løsrivelsesparti er Løkkes sikkerhedsnet". BT. Ritzau. 26 April 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Kalaallit Nunaanni Qinersinerit - Valg i Grønland - Elections in Greenland". qinersineq.gl. 21 May 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  23. ^ a b Sørensen, Helle Nørrelund (15 May 2019). "Oversigt: 19 kandidater er klar til Folketinget". Greenlandic Broadcasting Corporation (in Danish). Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  24. ^ "Kim Kielsen: Velfærdsmæssig udvikling skal aldrig stoppe". Sermitsiaq.AG (in Danish). 1 May 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  25. ^ Hansen, Nukappiaaluk (1 December 2018). "Ny IA-formand: Vi kan slå Kim Kielsen". Sermitsiaq.AG (in Danish). Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  26. ^ Toft, Mathies Hvid (13 March 2019). "Niels Thomsen tager orlov fra Inatsisartut". Greenlandic Broadcasting Corporation (in Danish). Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  27. ^ Schultz-Nielsen, Jørgen (11 April 2019). "Ny koalitionsaftale er unødvendig". Sermitsiaq.AG (in Danish). Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  28. ^ Hyldal, Christine (18 May 2019). "Partii Naleraq: Vi ofrer medborgere i iver for selvstændighed". Greenlandic Broadcasting Corporation (in Danish). Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  29. ^ "Sam: En stor sejr at vi kom ind". Sermitsiaq.AG (in Danish). 28 December 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  30. ^ "Valgkamp: Ingen suppleant for Aleqa under valgkampen". Sermitsiaq.AG (in Danish). 15 May 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  31. ^ "Nye Borgerlige kan stille op til næste valg". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  32. ^ Ritzau (2017-10-14). "Nye Borgerlige har tre ultimative krav til ny statsminister". borsen.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  33. ^ "Mette Frederiksen går til valg på socialdemokratisk et-parti-regering". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  34. ^ "Østergaard efter S-melding: Man kan ikke både vælge vores politik fra og tælle vores mandater med". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  35. ^ "Thulesen takker for Mette Frederiksens melding, men vil hellere i regering med Løkke". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  36. ^ "Vil ikke støtte Mette Frederiksen: Uffe Elbæk vil selv være statsminister". Politiken (in Danish). 2018-06-26. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  37. ^ "Alternativet opretter egen grøn blok men går med i energiaftale". Berlingske.dk (in Danish). 2018-06-29. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  38. ^ "»Det er helt deprimerende at opleve et parti være så desperat, som jeg oplever, Alternativet er her«". Berlingske.dk (in Danish). 2018-06-27. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  39. ^ Christoffersen, Philip (7 May 2019). "Folketingsvalget er udskrevet | Lav din egen regering | Thomas Borgen sigtet". TV2 (in Danish). Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  40. ^ "Mette Frederiksen er rask igen og klar til valgkamp". Kristeligt Dagblad (in Danish). Ritzau. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  41. ^ a b Larsen, Lasse Bastian (7 May 2019). "Partier smækker døren i for Paludan: 'Kan overhovedet ikke basere et flertal på ham'". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  42. ^ Jørgenssen, Steen A. (7 May 2019). "Analytiker om den første valgdebat: Det blev Paludans partilederrunde". Jyllands Posten (in Danish). Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  43. ^ Machmüller, Anders (11 May 2019). "Detektor: Løkke har fået mest taletid indtil nu. Og Paludan er lige i hælene på Mette Frederiksen i kampen om omtale". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  44. ^ "Regeringspartier afviser blåt valgforbund med Stram Kurs". Ritzau (in Danish). Berlingske Tidende. 10 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  45. ^ "Mimi Jakobsen om nazisag: Sagsøger ikke Paludan". Jyllands Posten (in Danish). Ritzau. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  46. ^ a b Faber, Kim (13 May 2019). "'Vikaren fra himlen' tager over: Kristendemokraterne skifter formand under valgkampen". Politiken (in Danish). Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  47. ^ Faber, Kim (13 May 2019). "Politisk redaktør om formandsskifte: »Jeg tror, det kan være en game changer for Kristendemokraterne«". Politiken (in Danish). Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  48. ^ a b Kott, Sarah (13 May 2019). "KD-formand om stresspause: »Jeg er godt klar over alle konspirationsteorierne«". Jyllands Posten. Retrieved 13 May 2019.

External links[edit]

Election results: