2019 Dayton shooting

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2019 Dayton shooting
Ned Peppers Bar after 2019 Dayton shooting.jpg
Ned Peppers Bar the day after the shooting
Map of 2019 Dayton Shooting.svg
Map of the events of the shooting within the Oregon Historic District
Location419 East 5th Street
Dayton, Ohio, United States
Coordinates39°45′26″N 84°11′03″W / 39.7572°N 84.1843°W / 39.7572; -84.1843Coordinates: 39°45′26″N 84°11′03″W / 39.7572°N 84.1843°W / 39.7572; -84.1843
DateAugust 4, 2019 (2019-08-04)
1:05 a.m. (EDT UTC−04:00)
Attack type
Mass shooting
WeaponsAR-15 style pistol using .223 Remington with a 100-round drum magazine[1][2]
Deaths10 (including the perpetrator)
27 (17 from gunfire)[3][4]
PerpetratorConnor Stephen Betts

A mass shooting was carried out in Dayton, Ohio, United States, on August 4, 2019. Ten people were killed (including the perpetrator) and 27 others were injured. Seventeen of the injured were shot by the gunman, who was killed by police within 32 seconds of the first shots.[3][5]

A search of the shooter's home found writings that showed interest in killing people, and a preliminary assessment did not indicate he had a racial or political motive.[6] The attack occurred just 13 hours after the mass shooting in El Paso, Texas.


Two hours before the attack, the gunman was seen entering a bar with his sibling[7] and a friend in the downtown Oregon Historic District of Dayton. At about 12:13 a.m., he split from the two and was recorded leaving the bar.[8]

At 1:05 a.m., eyewitnesses reported that a man opened fire at the entrance of Ned Peppers Bar in the Oregon Historic District.[9] He was carrying a firearm that included part of an Anderson Manufacturing semi-automatic AM-15 (based on the AR-15)[1][10] in a pistol configuration with a shortened barrel, chambered in .223 caliber ammunition and equipped with a 100-round drum magazine.[2][11] He fired into the crowd, fatally shooting nine people.[12][13]

According to Dayton Police Chief Richard Biehl, 20 seconds after the shooting began,[5] law enforcement officers already on the scene engaged the gunman.[14] Within 32 seconds after the first shots were fired,[3] the gunman was shot dead.[15] Local police evacuated many nearby night venues, and warned Dayton residents to stay away from the Oregon Historic District.[15]


Vigil for the victims, August 5, 2019

Miami Valley Hospital received 16 victims from the shooting, of which five were admitted, one in critical condition. Kettering Health Network, comprising nine hospitals in the area, received nine victims, with three in serious condition and three in fair condition.[16] By 10:00 a.m. on the same day, 15 of 27 hospitalized people had been discharged.[15] Of the injured, 17 were shot. Two shot victims of unclear status were shot again by police.[3][4][17]

Police reported that all the fatalities occurred outside the bar on East 5th Street,[15] and that the shooter's 22-year-old sibling was among those killed.[18] Investigators are trying to determine if the gunman intentionally or accidentally killed his sibling, who was among the first victims.[19]

The nine dead include five males and four females, six black and three white, between 22 and 57 years old.[20][21]


Soon after the attack, police said the gunman was Connor Stephen Betts, a 24-year-old born in Bellbrook, Ohio.[15][22] According to Newsweek, he was registered in Greene County, Ohio, as a Democrat voter.[23] According to police, he had minor traffic offenses on his criminal record.[24][25]

Betts had posted tweets that opposed Donald Trump and supported Elizabeth Warren. He made favorable references about Satan and described himself as a "leftist".[26][27][28] Although many of his tweets were mundane and non-political, he had retweeted posts that supported the antifa movement and opposed U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents and police officers. In the hours before he opened fire in Dayton, he "liked" a post in favor of gun control, and several concerning the 2019 El Paso shooting, including a tweet that called the El Paso shooter a "terrorist" and a "white supremacist."[28] On August 10, ABC News cited anonymous officials who said he held extreme misogynist views.[29]

Two former high school classmates said Betts was suspended from Bellbrook High School after he made lists of other students he wanted to kill and rape.[30] The "hit list" was discovered in early 2012 and resulted in a police investigation.[30] He was previously bullied and had planned to shoot up the school, a classmate said.[24] Over his last year, he sang for a pornogrind band called Menstrual Munchies.[31] His high school girlfriend said he complained of visual and auditory hallucinations and psychosis, and was afraid of developing schizophrenia.[32]


On August 4, police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) searched the shooter's home and found writings that showed interest in killing people, with a preliminary assessment of the writings indicating the shooter had no racial motive or political motive.[6] As of August 5, 2019, police investigators stated that the investigation is ongoing and that they are not prepared to speculate about motivation.[6][33] On August 5, Dayton Police Chief Richard Biehl stated that: "We have a lot of evidence still to go through...based on where we're at now, we are not seeing any indication of race being a motive"[34] and that police had not determined whether he shot his sibling deliberately or unknowingly.[34] A federal law enforcement official said that they were looking at whether the suspect was associated with incel groups.[35]

The suspect had additional ammunition magazines with him, and was wearing body armor, a mask and hearing protection during the attack.[12][36] He ordered the firearm used in the shooting online from Texas, and the firearm was transferred to a local firearms dealer in Ohio, where he picked it up.[13] The firearm used was "modified in essence to function like a rifle" per the Dayton Police; photos released by the Dayton Police show an AR-15 style firearm with a pistol brace.[2]

Other arrest[edit]

On August 9, federal agents arrested Ethan Kollie, a 24-year-old friend of the gunman, who was charged with making false statements in applying for a federal permit to purchase a weapon, and possession of a firearm by someone who illegally uses or is addicted to a controlled substance. According to police, Kollie admitted that he had helped the gunman purchase body armor, a 100-round double drum magazine, and an upper receiver for the weapon used during the attack, and then helped to assemble the weapon.[37] According to the charging affidavit, Kollie also stored the weapon and accessories for a time in his apartment to ensure that the gunman's parents would not find out about the items. Kollie was not suspected of being aware of or helping the attack, but investigations are continuing.[38]


Bullet holes in a window a day after the shooting

Members of the Southwest Ohio Critical Incident Stress Management Team met with police who had responded to the scene to help them process the situation. The team includes mental health professionals, police officers, firefighters, medics, and chaplains.[39]

The local blood bank asked for more donations following the shooting, and various companies promoted donation drives.[40] Local leaders and community members held a vigil on East 5th Street on August 4, where ten doves were released, one each for each dead victim and one for the wounded.[41]



Note left at the entrance of Ned Peppers Bar the day after the shooting

Following the shooting, Ned Peppers Bar posted a message on Instagram reading: "All of our staff is safe and our hearts go out to everyone involved as we gather information."[42]

Trump delivers statement on August 5, 2019.

President Donald Trump tweeted, "God bless the people of El Paso Texas. God bless the people of Dayton, Ohio."[43] In a later statement, he ordered that, following both shootings, all public U.S. flags be flown at half-staff until sunset on August 8.[44] Regarding mass shootings, he said, "We have done much more than most administrations. We've actually done a lot. But perhaps more has to be done."[45]

Mayor Nan Whaley thanked the officers for a quick response, saying that it certainly prevented more deaths. She also spoke of how hard the day would be for the city and the families affected.[15] Ohio Senator Rob Portman and Governor Mike DeWine offered their condolences.[46]

Senator Sherrod Brown, a Democrat representing Ohio, said "Thoughts and prayers are not enough. We must act." He urged Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a Republican, to start a United States Senate session on August 5 to "vote on gun-safety laws". Senate Minority Leader, Chuck Schumer, a Democrat, made a similar call to action. He referenced H.R.8, the Bipartisan Background Checks Act of 2019 that had passed the United States House of Representatives earlier in February, saying the Senate should also pass this.[47]

Ohio House of Representatives member Candice Keller posted an essay on her personal Facebook page, blaming the shooting on several factors including recreational marijuana and the breakdown of the traditional family (due to causes including transgender rights).[48] Her statement was criticized by Cincinnati City Council member Chris Seelbach, Butler County Sheriff Richard K. Jones, and Ohio Republican Party chairwoman Jane Timken (who called on her to resign).[49]

Following the El Paso shooting, which occurred 13 hours prior, multiple Democratic 2020 presidential election candidates called for political action to eliminate gun violence in the United States; they included Cory Booker,[50] Pete Buttigieg,[51] Bernie Sanders,[52] Elizabeth Warren,[52] Andrew Yang,[53] and Tim Ryan.[54]

Trump visited El Paso and Dayton on August 7. In Dayton, he spoke to hospitalized victims, medical staff, and first responders. The White House published photos and videos of his trip, some of which showed him posing, smiling, and giving thumbs up gestures with his hosts.[55] He told reporters, "We had an amazing day. The love, the respect for the office of the presidency – I wish you could have been in there to see it."[56]


The incident was mentioned by Pope Francis during a speech in St. Peter's Square on August 4, in which he condemned attacks on defenseless people and said he was spiritually close to the victims, the wounded and the families affected by the attacks that had "bloodied Texas, California, and Ohio".[57]

In response to the shooting, the Consulate General of Japan in Detroit issued a notice stating that no Asians had been injured and that "Japanese residents should be aware of the potential for gunfire incidents everywhere in the United States, a gun society, and continue to pay close attention to safety measures."[58][59] At least two other nations – Uruguay and Venezuela — issued similar travel warnings, with Uruguay's foreign ministry issuing a statement warning its citizens traveling in the U.S. "to take precautions against growing indiscriminate violence, mostly for hate crimes, including racism and discrimination," and Venezuela cautioning its citizens to postpone travel to the U.S. or to take precautions "given the proliferation of acts of violence and crimes of indiscriminate hatred."[58]

See also[edit]


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  2. ^ a b c Knight, Cameron (August 5, 2019). "Dayton shooter used a gun that may have exploited an ATF loophole". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "Ohio Shooter Hit 26 People in Half a Minute". Associated Press. August 13, 2019.
  4. ^ a b @DaytonPolice (August 15, 2019). "Dr. Harshbarger - There were two victims who were hit additionally as a result of the law enforcement response" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  5. ^ a b "Police: Gunman's sister among 9 killed in Dayton mass shooting". WLWT 5. August 4, 2019. Retrieved August 4, 2019. According to Dayton Police Chief Richard Biehl, officers engaged the suspect within 20 seconds of hearing shots fired. Thirty seconds after the gunman began shooting, he was shot and killed by first responders, Biehl said.
  6. ^ a b c Aarthun, Sarah; Grinberg, Emanuella (August 4, 2019). "What we know about the shooting in Dayton, Ohio". CNN.
  7. ^ "The Victims Of The Dayton Mass Shooting Include The Gunman's Brother And 8 Others". BuzzFeed News. August 4, 2019. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
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