2019 Dutch provincial elections

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Map showing the largest party by province
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
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Provincial elections were held in the Netherlands on 20 March 2019.[1] Eligible voters elected the members of the Provincial States in the twelve provinces of the Netherlands. The elections were held on the same day as the 2019 Dutch water boards elections and, in the Caribbean Netherlands, island council elections.[2][3]

These elections also indirectly determine the composition of the Senate, since the members of the twelve provincial states will elect the Senate's 75 members in the Senate election on 27 May, two months after the provincial elections.[4] Because of this, the provincial elections were a test for the third Rutte cabinet, which currently has a majority of one seat in the Senate, but is expected to lose that majority.[5]

Seats summary[edit]

Previous election[edit]

Legislatures and governments of the Provinces of the Netherlands, 2015–2019
States-Provincial Provincial Executive
Province VVD CDA D66 PVV SP PvdA GL CU SGP PvdD 50+ Provincial parties Total
Groningen 4 5 4 3 8 6 3 4 2 0 43 SP, D66, CDA, GL, CU
Friesland 5 9 3 4 5 7 1 3 1 1 43 CDA, VVD, FNP, SP
Drenthe 7 6 4 5 5 7 2 3 0 1 41 VVD, PvdA, CDA, CU
Overijssel 6 11 5 5 5 5 2 4 2 1 1 0 47 CDA, VVD, D66, CU
Flevoland 7 5 4 6 5 3 2 3 2 2 2 0 41 VVD, CDA, D66, SP
Gelderland 9 9 7 5 6 6 3 4 3 2 1 0 55 VVD, CDA, D66, PvdA
Utrecht 9 6 9 4 4 5 4 3 2 2 1 0 49 VVD, CDA, D66, GL
North Holland 11 5 6 10 6 7 4 1 3 1 55 VVD, D66, PvdA, CDA
South Holland 10 7 7 8 5 5 3 3 3 2 2 0 55 VVD, CDA, SP, D66
Zeeland 6 6 3 4 4 4 1 2 6 1 39 VVD, PvdA, CDA, SGP
North Brabant 10 9 7 7 9 4 3 1 2 2 55 VVD, SP, D66, PvdA
Limburg 5 11 4 9 8 4 2 1 1 47 VVD, CDA, SP, D66, PvdA
Total 89 89 67 66 70 63 30 29 18 18 14 15 570
2

2019[edit]

Legislatures and governments of the Provinces of the Netherlands, 2019–2023[6]
States-Provincial Provincial Executive
Province VVD CDA D66 PVV SP PvdA GL CU SGP PvdD 50+ DENK FvD Provincial parties Total
Groningen 4 3 3 2 4 5 6 4 1 1 5 43
Friesland 4 8 2 3 2 6 3 3 1 1 6 43
Drenthe 6 5 2 3 3 6 4 3 1 1 6 41
Overijssel 6 9 3 3 3 4 5 4 2 1 1 6 47 CDA, FvD, VVD, PVV (attempt)[7]
Flevoland 6 3 2 4 2 3 4 3 1 2 2 1 8 41 recount ongoing[7]
Gelderland 8 7 4 3 3 5 6 4 3 2 2 8 55
Utrecht 8 5 5 2 2 4 8 4 1 2 1 1 6 49 second round of talks ongoing[8]
North Holland 9 4 6 3 3 6 9 1 3 1[a] 1 9 55 GL, VVD, PvdA, D66, CDA (attempt)[9][10]
South Holland 10 4 5 4 2 4 5 3 2 2 2 1 11 55 FvD, VVD, and others (attempt)[9][11][12]
Zeeland 4 7 1 2 2 4 2 2 5 1 2 5 39 CDA, SGP, FvD, VVD, PvdA (attempt)[13]
North Brabant 10 8 5 4 5 3 5 1 2 2 9 55 second round of talks ongoing[7]
Limburg 5 9 3 7 4 3 4 2 1 7 47
Total 80 72 41 40 35 53 61 31 14 20 17 4 86 15 570
1

Detailed results[edit]

National[edit]

2019 Dutch provincial elections changes with respect to 2015
Political party 2015 2019
Popular vote Seats Popular vote Seats
Votes % Votes % +/− Won +/−
Forum for Democracy (FvD) Didn't exist 1,057,029 14.53 New 86 +86
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) 965,353 15.92 89 1,017,940 13.99 -1.93 80 –9
Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) 891,845 14.71 89 805,864 11.07 -3.64 72 –17
GreenLeft (GL) 324,572 5.35 30 782,999 10.76 +5.41 61 +31
Labour Party (PvdA) 611,262 10.08 63 619,909 8.52 -1.56 53 –10
Democrats 66 (D66) 755,719 12.46 67 567,364 7.80 -4.66 41 –26
Party for Freedom (PVV) 711,176 11.73 66 504,948 6.94 -4.79 40 –26
Socialist Party (SP) 706,440 11.65 70 430,091 5.91 -5.74 35 –35
Christian Union (CU) 243,209 4.01 29 353,430 4.86 +0.85 31 +2
Party for the Animals (PvdD) 210,113 3.46 18 317,103 4.36 +0.90 20 +2
50PLUS (50+) 204,858 3.38 14 265,033 3.64 +0.26 17 +3
Reformed Political Party (SGP) 170,624 2.81 18 179,905 2.47 -0.34 14 –4
Denk (DENK) Didn't exist 121,750 1.67 New 4 +4
CUSGP[b] 42,703 0.70 2 19,466 0.27 -0.43 1 –1
Provincial parties[c] 15 15 ±0
Total 6,064,754 100.00 570 100.00 - 570 ±0
Turnout 47.76
Source :[citation needed]

By province[edit]

Drenthe[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Labour Party 32,105 14.06 –1.09 6 –1
Forum for Democracy 30,713 13.45 New 6 +6
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 29,785 13.05 –2.17 6 –1
Christian Democratic Appeal 24,082 10.55 –3.88 5 –1
GreenLeft 18,954 8.30 +3.13 4 +2
Party for Freedom 16,097 7.05 –3.83 3 –2
Christian Union 15,526 6.80 +0.37 3 ±0
Socialist Party 14,760 6.47 –6.10 3 –2
Democrats 66 12,995 9.85 –4.16 2 –2
Strong Local 9,344 4.09 +0.45 1 ±0
50PLUS 8,444 3.70 –0.33 1 ±0
Party for the Animals 7,823 3,43 New 1 +1
Independent Party Drenthe 3,777 1.65 New 0 ±0
Reformed Political Party 1,877 0.82 –0.02 0 ±0
Seniors Interest 1,414 0.62 –1.19 0 ±0
Denk 579 0.25 New 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 228,275 41 ±0
Blank votes 527 0.23 –0.05
Invalid votes 499 0.22 –0.04
Votes cast / turnout 229,301
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [14] [15][16]

Flevoland[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Forum for Democracy 28,375 17.79 New 8 +8
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 21,015 13.18 –3.49 6 –1
Party for Freedom 14,781 9.27 –5.14 4 –2
GreenLeft 13,601 8.53 +4.13 4 +2
Christian Democratic Appeal 13,258 8.31 –4.49 3 –2
Labour Party 13,093 8.21 +0.47 3 ±0
Christian Union 11,206 7.03 +0.24 3 ±0
Socialist Party 9,286 5.82 –5.08 2 –3
50PLUS 7,857 4.93 –0.23 2 ±0
Democrats 66 7,800 4.89 –5.66 2 –2
Party for the Animals 6,985 4.38 +0.25 2 ±0
Reformed Political Party 6,134 3.85 –0.12 1 –1
Denk 3,323 2.08 New 1 +1
OPA 1,283 0.80 +0.05 0 ±0
Respect! 980 0.61 New 0 ±0
Jesus Lives 497 0.31 ±0.00 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 159,474 41 ±0
Blank votes 422 0.26 –0.02
Invalid votes 545 0.34 +0.03
Votes cast / turnout 160,441
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [17] [15][16]

Friesland[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Christian Democratic Appeal 49,704 16.67 –4.12 8 –1
Forum for Democracy 40,055 13.43 New 6 +6
Labour Party 39,976 13.40 –2.09 6 –1
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 28,073 9.41 –1.58 4 –1
Frisian National Party 23,662 7.93 –1.53 4 ±0
GreenLeft 22,935 7.69 +4.14 3 +2
Christian Union 19,673 6.60 –0.83 3 ±0
Party for Freedom 17,287 5.80 –2.93 3 –1
Socialist Party 15,426 5.17 –5.76 2 –3
Democrats 66 12,284 4.12 –2.85 2 –1
Party for the Animals 9,618 3.22 +0.65 1 ±0
50PLUS 7,595 2.55 +0.14 1 ±0
Frisian Provincial Interest 5,345 1.79 New 0 ±0
Reformed Political Party 3,198 1.07 New 0 ±0
Natural Frisian 2,917 0.98 New 0 ±0
Denk 493 0.17 New 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 298,241 43 ±0
Blank votes 733 0.24 –0.04
Invalid votes 695 0.23 –0.01
Votes cast / turnout 299,669
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [18] [15][16]

Gelderland[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 130,537 13.96 –1.83 8 –1
Forum for Democracy 125,551 13.43 New 8 +8
Christian Democratic Appeal 108,248 11.58 –3.42 7 –2
GreenLeft 101,231 10.83 +5.12 6 +3
Labour Party 77,931 8.33 –0.71 5 –1
Democrats 66 67,279 7.20 –5.42 4 –3
Christian Union 63,364 6.78 +0.66 4 ±0
Party for Freedom 56,633 6.06 –3.66 3 –2
Socialist Party 54,510 5.83 –5.17 3 –3
Reformed Political Party 49,097 5.25 –0.73 3 ±0
Party for the Animals 41,658 4.46 +1.12 2 ±0
50PLUS 35,607 3.81 +0.94 2 +1
Denk 11,298 1.21 New 0 ±0
Local Parties GelderlandCode Orange 11,053 1.18 New 0 ±0
Jesus Lives 1,072 0.11 New 0 ±0
Total 935,069 55 ±0
Valid votes 935,069 99.46 –0.03
Blank votes 2,688 0.29 +0.02
Invalid votes 2,352 0.25 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 940,109
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [19] [15][16]

Groningen[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
GreenLeft 31,886 12.5 6 +3
Labour Party 30,605 12.0 5 –1
Forum for Democracy 26,104 10.2 New 5 +5
Christian Union 24,125 9.4 4 ±0
Socialist Party 22,166 8.7 4 –4
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 21,595 8.5 4 ±0
Christian Democratic Appeal 20,642 8.1 3 –2
Groninger Interest 18,556 7.3 3 ±0
Democrats 66 16,727 6.5 3 –1
Party for Freedom 15,271 6.0 2 –1
Party for the North 10,527 4.1 2 +1
Party for the Animals 10,406 4.1 1 –1
50PLUS 5,638 2.2 1 +1
Denk 1,081 0.4 New 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 255,329 43 ±0
Blank votes 744
Invalid votes 583
Votes cast / turnout
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [20] [15][16]

Limburg[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Christian Democratic Appeal 84,947 18.7 9 –2
Forum for Democracy 66,343 14.6 New 7 +7
Party for Freedom 61,705 13.5 7 –2
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 46,254 10.5 5 ±0
Socialist Party 39,527 8.7 4 –4
GreenLeft 38,291 8.4 4 +2
Labour Party 29,724 6.5 3 –1
Democrats 66 26,420 5.8 3 –1
Local Limburg 18,474 4.1 2 +1
Party for the Animals 17,512 3.8 2 +1
50PLUS 17,104 3.8 1 ±0
Christian Union 4,855 1.1 New 0 ±0
Denk 4,322 0.9 New 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 455,478 47 ±0
Blank votes 1,732
Invalid votes 1,289
Votes cast / turnout
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [21] [15][16]

North Brabant[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 163,906 16.2 10 ±0
Forum for Democracy 146,443 14.5 New 9 +9
Christian Democratic Appeal 134,834 13.3 8 –1
Socialist Party 93,138 9.2 5 –4
Democrats 66 89,014 8.8 5 –2
GreenLeft 87,687 8.7 5 +2
Party for Freedom 77,453 7.6 4 –3
Labour Party 64,837 6.4 3 –1
50PLUS 41,612 4.1 2 ±0
Party for the Animals 37,775 3.7 2 ±0
Local Brabant 25,485 2.5 1 ±0
Christian Union – Reformed Political Party 19,466 1.9 1 ±0
Denk 12,415 1.2 New 0 ±0
Seniors Brabant 9,687 1.0 New 0 ±0
Elderly Appeal - Heart for Brabant 6,719 0.7 New 0 ±0
Code Orange 2,784 0.3 New 0 ±0
Total of Valid votes 1,013,255 55 ±0
Blank votes 3,593
Invalid votes 2,738
Total votes cast / turnout
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources[22] [15][16]

North Holland[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Forum for Democracy 178,717 15.3 New 9 +9
GreenLeft 178,001 15.3 9 +5
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 169,288 14.5 9 –2
Democrats 66 115,928 9.9 6 –4
Labour Party 114,026 9.8 6 –1
Christian Democratic Appeal 79,361 6.8 4 –1
Party for the Animals 70,809 6.1 3 ±0
Party for Freedom 65,346 5.6 3 –3
Socialist Party 58,396 5.0 3 –3
Christian Union 36,491 3.1 1 +1
50PLUS/Party of the Elderly 32,190 2.8 1 +1
Denk 28,035 2.4 New 1 +1
Elderly Party North Holland 18,307 1.6 0 –1
Code Orange 16,665 1.4 New 0 ±0
NIDA 4,615 0.4 New 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 1,166,175 55 ±0
Blank votes 3,199
Invalid votes 3,953
Votes cast / turnout
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [23] [15][16]

Overijssel[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Christian Democratic Appeal 89,523 17.1 9 –2
Forum for Democracy 69,443 13.3 New 6 +6
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 67,731 12.9 6 ±0
GreenLeft 49,643 9.5 5 +3
Labour Party 44,494 8.5 4 –1
Christian Union 43,248 8.3 4 ±0
Party for Freedom 37,582 7.2 3 –2
Socialist Party 30,792 5.9 3 –2
Democrats 66 30,221 5.9 3 –2
Reformed Political Party 20,473 3.9 2 ±0
50PLUS 17,970 3.4 1 ±0
Party for the Animals 15,850 3.0 1 ±0
Denk 6,495 1.2 New 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 523,465 47 ±0
Blank votes 1,408
Invalid votes 1,335
Votes cast / turnout
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [24] [15][16]

South Holland[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Forum for Democracy 253,743 17.4 New 11 +11
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 227,987 15.7 10 ±0
GreenLeft 131,878 9.1 5 +2
Democrats 66 124,154 8.5 5 –2
Labour Party 113,859 7.8 4 –1
Christian Democratic Appeal 112,681 7.7 4 –3
Party for Freedom 101,858 7.0 4 –4
Christian Union 81,160 5.6 3 ±0
50PLUS 64,727 4.4 2 ±0
Party for the Animals 63,690 4.4 2 ±0
Socialist Party 59,956 4.1 2 –3
Reformed Political Party 56,742 3.9 2 –1
Denk 39,800 2.7 New 1 +1
Local Parties South Holland 11,648 0.8 New 0 ±0
NIDA 6,732 0.5 New 0 ±0
Code Orange 4,598 0.3 New 0 ±0
Jesus Lives 756 0.1 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 1,455,969 55 ±0
Blank votes 4,102
Invalid votes 5,225
Votes cast / turnout
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [25] [15][16]

Utrecht[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
GreenLeft 98,900 16.1 8 +4
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 94,189 15.3 8 –1
Forum for Democracy 71,374 11.6 New 6 +6
Christian Democratic Appeal 60,774 9.9 5 –1
Democrats 66 58,133 9.4 5 –4
Labour Party 44,894 7.3 4 –1
Christian Union 44,855 7.3 4 +1
Party for Freedom 30,267 4.9 2 –2
Party for the Animals 28,985 4.7 2 ±0
Socialist Party 23,894 3.9 2 –2
Reformed Political Party 21,760 3.5 1 –1
50PLUS 17,705 2.9 1 ±0
Denk 13,095 2.1 New 1 +1
U26 Municipalities 6,530 1.1 New 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 615,355 49 ±0
Blank votes 1,815
Invalid votes 1,494
Votes cast / turnout
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [26] [15][16]

Zeeland[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Christian Democratic Appeal 27,810 16.3 7 +1
Reformed Political Party 20,624 12.0 5 –1
Forum for Democracy 20,168 11.8 New 5 +5
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 17,580 10.3 4 –2
Labour Party 14,365 8.4 4 ±0
Party for Freedom 10,668 6.2 2 –2
Party for Zeeland 10,619 6.2 2 +1
GreenLeft 9,992 5.8 2 +1
Christian Union 8,927 5.2 2 ±0
50PLUS 8,764 5.1 2 +1
Socialist Party 8,240 4.8 2 –2
Democrats 66 6,409 3.7 1 –2
Party for the Animals 5,992 3.5 New 1 +1
Denk 814 0.5 New 0 ±0
Total Valid votes 170,972 39 ±0
Blank votes 424
Invalid votes 416
Votes cast / turnout
Abstentions
Registered voters
Sources [27] [15][16]

Coalition talks[edit]

Coalition talks in the Netherlands are customarily organized by informateurs appointed by the party that came first in the elections, and then, in the event of a failure, by other parties. Informateurs usually submit a public report on possible coalitions in the weeks following the election.

Province Informateur Occupation / Reputation
Groningen Mario Post[28] Former GL leader in the Estates
Friesland Harry van der Molen[29] MP for CDA, Former City councillor of Leeuwarden
Drenthe Roelie Goettsch Former PvdA leader in the Estates
Overijssel Geert Jansen[7] Province's former Queen's Commissioner, CDA member
Flevoland Annemarie van Gaal[7] Entrepreneur
Gelderland Mark Boumans[30] Mayor of Doetinchem (VVD), former Executive in Groningen
Utrecht Bram van Ojik[8] Former leader of GL
North Holland Hans Smits[9], then
Laura Bromet and Cornelis Mooij[7]
Former Director of the Schiphol airport
MPs for GL and VVD
South Holland Hans Wiegel[12] Former leader of VVD, Friesland's former Queen's Commissioner
Zeeland René Verhulst[13] Mayor of Ede (CDA)
North Brabant Helmi Huijbregts[7] Senator for VVD
Limburg Ger Koopmans Leader of the CDA fraction in the Estates, former MP

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Combined list 50+/Party of the Elderly
  2. ^ Combined list in North Brabant.
  3. ^ Many linked to the Independent Senate Group (OSF).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dag van stemming (20 maart 2019)". Kiesraad.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Dag van stemming (20 mei 2019)". Kiesraad.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Dag van stemming (20 mei 2019)". Kiesraad.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Dag van stemming (27 mei 2019)". Kiesraad.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Politici duiken weer overal op: dit moet je weten over de komende verkiezingen". RTL Nieuws (in Dutch). 14 January 2019. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Bekijk hier alle uitslagen van de Provinciale Statenverkiezingen". NOS (in Dutch). 20 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Buitenspel in Noord-Holland, maar FvD is nog in de race voor het bestuur van vier provincies". de Volkskrant. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  8. ^ a b "FvD niet meer aan tafel bij coalitiebesprekingen provincie". RTL Utrecht. 3 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  9. ^ a b c "Climate policy rules Forum out of Noord-Holland coalition talks". DutchNews.nl. 2 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  10. ^ "GroenLinks benoemt nieuwe informateur Noord-Holland". Het Parool. 2 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Hans Wiegel: 'Forum en VVD in bestuur Zuid-Holland'". Omroep West. 1 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Hans Wiegel krijgt hulp: welke coalities zijn mogelijk in Zuid-Holland?". Omroep West. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  13. ^ a b "Forum voor Democratie serieuze coalitiepartner, zegt informateur". Omroep Zeeland. 6 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  14. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Drenthe provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Deelnemende partijen provinciale statenverkiezingen 2019". Kiesraad.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Bekijk hier alle uitslagen van de Provinciale Statenverkiezingen". Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  17. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Flevoland provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  18. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Friesland provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  19. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Gelderland provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  20. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau Groningen provinciale statenverkiezing 2019. N.B. Zonder bijlage met bezwaren (hertelling)" (in Dutch).
  21. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Limburg provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  22. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Noord-Brabant provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  23. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Noord-Holland provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  24. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Overijssel provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  25. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Zuid-Holland provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  26. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Utrecht provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  27. ^ "PV uitslag centraal stembureau provincie Zeeland provinciale statenverkiezing 2019" (in Dutch).
  28. ^ "Mario Post leidt coalitievorming voor de Provinciale Staten in Groningen". 21 March 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  29. ^ "Harry van der Molen wordt namens het CDA informateur bij provincie Fryslân". Friesch Dagblad. 23 March 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  30. ^ "Volgende fase Statenverkiezingen: informeren". IJmuider Courant. 26 March 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.