2019 European Parliament election

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2019 European Parliament election

← 2014 23–26 May 2019[1] 2024 →

All 705 seats to the European Parliament
353 seats needed for a majority
  (Manfred Weber) EPP Summit, 19 October 2017 (37534170170) (cropped).jpg Frans Timmermans 2013.jpg JanZahradil.jpg
Leader Manfred Weber Frans Timmermans Jan Zahradil
Alliance EPP S&D ECR
Leader's seat Germany Netherlands Czech Republic
Last election 221 seats 191 seats 70 seats
Current seats 219 189 73

  Guy Verhofstadt die 30 Martis 2012.jpg Gabriele Zimmer 01.JPG Eickhout, Bas-9750.jpg
Ska Keller (10851856583).jpg
Leader Guy Verhofstadt Gabriele Zimmer Bas Eickhout
and Ska Keller
Alliance ALDE GUE/NGL Greens/EFA
Leader's seat Belgium (Dutch-speaking region) Germany Netherlands
and Germany
Last election 67 seats 52 seats 50 seats
Current seats 68 51 52

  Nigel Farage MEP 1, Strasbourg - Diliff.jpg Nicolas Bay 07 (cropped).jpg
Leader Nigel Farage[2] Nicolas Bay (pictured) and Marcel de Graaff
Alliance EFDD ENF
Leader's seat South East England North West France
& Netherlands
Last election 48 seats N/A
Current seats 43 35

Incumbent President of the European Commission

Jean-Claude Juncker
EPP



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The next Elections to the European Parliament are expected to be held in 23–26 May 2019. A total of 751 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) currently represent some 500 million people from 28 member states. In February 2018, the European Parliament voted to decrease the number of MEPs from 751 to 705, after the United Kingdom withdraws from the European Union on the current schedule.[3]

New law[edit]

According to the European Council, the Council agreed at ambassador level to improve the EU electoral law and to reform old laws from the 1976 Electoral Act.

The purpose of the reform would be to improve participation in elections, raise understanding of their European character, and prevent irregular voting, while at the same time respecting the constitutional and electoral traditions of the member states.[citation needed]

A proposed draft would forbid "double voting" and voting in third countries; it would improve the visibility of European political parties.[4]

To avoid double voting, contact authorities would be established to exchange data on voters. This process would have to start at least six weeks before the EP elections.[4]

Parties and candidates[edit]

The Spitzenkandidat process involves the nomination by European political parties of candidates for the role of Commission President, the party winning the most seats in Parliament receiving the first opportunity to attempt to form a majority in Parliament to back their candidate (akin to how Prime Ministers are elected in national parliamentary democracies). This process was first used in 2014, and was opposed by some in the Council. The future of the process is uncertain, but the Parliament has attempted to codify the process and the parties are almost certain to select the candidates again.[5] On 23 January 2018, the Constitutional Affairs Committee adopted a text stating that the Spitzenkandidat process could not be overturned, and that Parliament "will be ready to reject any candidate in the investiture procedure of the commission president who was not appointed as a Spitzenkandidat in the run-up to the European elections".[6]

In May 2018, a Eurobarometer poll suggested that 49% of the 27,601 individuals from all 28 EU countries surveyed think that the Spitzenkandidat process will help them vote in the next European elections, while 70% also think that the process requires a "real debate" on European issues.[7]

European People's Party[edit]

The incumbent, Jean-Claude Juncker, has stated he will not seek a second term as President.[8]

At their 2018 Congress in Helsinki the EPP elected Manfred Weber as their Spitzenkandidat for President of the European Commission.[11]

Party of European Socialists[edit]

PES previous candidate, Martin Schulz, left the European Parliament in 2017 to head the German Social Democratic Party, but has stepped down from the latter position in 2018.

Two candidates were nominated by PES member parties and organizations:

  • Maroš Šefčovič (Vice-President of the Commission) announced in September bid to head Commission.[12]
  • Frans Timmermans (First Vice-President of the Commission, previous Dutch Foreign Affairs Minister) announced in October bid to head Commission.[13]

Maroš Šefčovič announced his withdrawal in November and supported Frans Timmermans as the Common Candidate.[14]

The PES will convene an extraordinary Congress in Lisbon to ratify the election of the candidate and to vote upon the Manifesto.

European Conservatives and Reformists[edit]

Jan Zahradil is the Spitzenkandidat of the European Conservatives and Reformists.

European Green Party[edit]

Like in 2014, the Greens adopted the principle to have two leading candidates for the European Elections 2019.[15] Unlike in 2014 where the candidates were chosen through an open online primary elections, the two leading candidates will be elected by the Council of the Party in Berlin in November 2018.[16] Four people, two of them being currently MEPs, have declared their candidacy:[16]

At their 2018 Congress in Berlin of European Green Party elected Ska Keller and Bas Eickhout as their spitzenkandidat for the President of the European Commission.

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats[edit]

  • Guy Verhofstadt (President of the ALDE group, MEP and former Prime Minister of Belgium)
  • Sylvie Goulard (Deputy Governor at Banque de France, former French Minister of the Armed Services and MEP).[17]
  • Margrethe Vestager (Commissioner for Competition, previous Danish Minister for Economy and Interior).[17][18][19]
  • Cecilia Malmström (Commissioner for Trade, previous Commissioner for Home Affairs and Swedish Minister for European Affairs).[17]
  • Hans van Baalen (President of the ALDE Party, MEP and previous president of the Liberal International).[20]

New parties[edit]

2019 will see the debut of new parties such as Kukiz'15 of Poland, Czech Pirate Party of Czech Republic, Alliance of Portugal, USR of Romania, LMŠ of Slovenia, Human Shield and Most of Croatia, L'SNS and Sme Rodina of Slovakia. For the liberals, the biggest hope is that the new La République En Marche! party of French President Emmanuel Macron will choose to join ALDE after the elections.[21][22][23] However, En Marche is expected to be more likely to try to form a new parliamentary group of pro-European centrists who support Macron's plans to reform the European institutions, thus drawing away members from ALDE, EPP and S&D.[24][25] Possible partners for such a project might include Spanish Ciudadanos, Progressive Slovakia and the Hungarian Momentum Movement[24] as well as the Democratic Party of Italy whose former leader Matteo Renzi is a close ally of Macron.[26] While it is likely that En Marche will put together the minimum of 25 MEPs needed to form a group, the requirement to include MEPs from at least seven member states would be more difficult.[24]

Volt Europa, a pan-European progressive movement, will run in several countries under the same name in the attempt to form its own group.

Former Greek minister Yanis Varoufakis will run as candidate in the constituency of Germany for the European Commission presidency for Democracy in Europe Movement 2025.

The leader of the Italian Five Star Movement has expressed a desire to form an anti-establishment faction of their own within the EU.[27]

Pablo Iglesias, Catarina Martins, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, and several others have formed an alliance in Maintenant le Peuple opposed to the PEL, but are likely remain in GUE/NGL.

The Movement is an alliance of right-wing populist parties set up by Steve Bannon with the purpose of contesting the European elections. Participating parties include Lega Nord, People's Party (Belgium) and Brothers of Italy, and possibly French National Rally. Originally envisioned as an attempt to unite the right-wing populist parties in Europe, The Movement has so far been snubbed by the Alternative for Germany,[28] the Freedom Party of Austria[29] and the UK Independence Party.[30]

Apportionment of seats[edit]

If Brexit is delivered, the numbers of seats will be altered to what is considered by the S&D co-rapporteur as "a fairer allocation of seats, finally complying with the Lisbon Treaty and the principle of degressive proportionality".[31]

Apportionment in the European Parliament
Country 2007 2009 Dec.

2011[32]

July
2013
2014 Proposals for 2019 after the
removal of UK seats[33][34]
Cambridge Compromise Decision
(Feb 2018)
Change
from 2014
Minimising
Gini
Minimising
malapportionment
 Germany 99 99 99 99 96 96 96 96 Steady
 France 78 72 74 74 74 79 96 79 Increase 5
 United Kingdom 78 72 73 73 73 Decrease 73
 Italy 78 72 73 73 73 73 89 76 Increase 3
 Spain 54 50 54 54 54 57 70 59 Increase 5
 Poland 54 50 51 51 51 47 58 52 Increase 1
 Romania 35 33 33 33 32 27 33 33 Increase 1
 Netherlands 27 25 26 26 26 24 29 29 Increase 3
 Belgium 24 22 22 22 21 18 21 21 Steady
 Czech Republic 24 22 22 22 21 17 20 21 Steady
 Greece 24 22 22 22 21 17 20 21 Steady
 Hungary 24 22 22 22 21 16 19 21 Steady
 Portugal 24 22 22 22 21 17 20 21 Steady
 Sweden 19 18 20 20 20 16 19 21 Increase 1
 Austria 18 17 19 19 18 15 18 19 Increase 1
 Bulgaria 18 17 18 18 17 13 15 17 Steady
 Denmark 14 13 13 13 13 12 13 14 Increase 1
 Finland 14 13 13 13 13 12 13 14 Increase 1
 Slovakia 14 13 13 13 13 12 13 14 Increase 1
 Ireland 13 12 12 12 11 11 12 13 Increase 2
 Croatia 12 11 10 11 12 Increase 1
 Lithuania 13 12 12 12 11 9 9 11 Steady
 Latvia 9 8 9 9 8 8 8 8 Steady
 Slovenia 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 Steady
 Estonia 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 Increase 1
 Cyprus 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 6 Steady
 Luxembourg 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 Steady
 Malta 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 Steady
Total 785 736 754 766 751 639 736 705 Decrease 46

Decisions on the apportionment of seats in the Parliament are governed by article 14 of the Treaty of Lisbon. This article lays down that "The European Parliament shall be composed of representatives of the Union's citizens. They shall not exceed seven hundred and fifty in number, plus the President. Representation of citizens shall be degressively proportional, with a minimum threshold of six members per Member State. No Member State shall be allocated more than ninety-six seats."

Due to the Brexit process, the United Kingdom's 73 MEPs are expected to be removed a few months before the 2019 European Parliament election. In April 2017, a group of European lawmakers discussed what should be done about the vacated seats. One plan, supported by Enrico Letta, Gianni Pittella and Emmanuel Macron, was to replace the 73 seats with a pan-European constituency list; other options which were considered include dropping the British seats without replacement, and reassigning some or all of the existing seats from other countries to reduce inequality of representation.[33]

A plan to reduce the number of seats to 705 was approved by the Parliament in February 2018. It involves redistributing 27 seats to under-represented members, and reserving the remaining 46 for future EU expansions. A proposal by the Constitutional Affairs Committee to create a pan-member constituency was rejected by the Parliament at the same time.[3]

In January 2018, the French government unveiled a bill which would switch the country from using regional constituencies to a single nationwide constituency.[35]

Northern Ireland issue[edit]

A proposal to manage the unique situation of Ireland and in particular, Northern Ireland, created as a result of Brexit, consists of allocating the two extra MEP seats for Ireland and giving them to Northern Ireland.

In the European parliament this proposal has faced numerous critics:

  • Some (for instance in the DUP) consider this would be a dangerous precedent
  • Some consider that "any attempt by an Irish government to allow for the election of representatives to speak on behalf of Northern Ireland would renege upon commitments given as part of the Northern Ireland peace process"

Such issue might possibly need the agreement of Northern Ireland, the UK and the EU, according to Mr Kelly.[36]

The idea is supported by two nationalist parties: the Sinn Féin and the SDLP and supported by Guy Verhofstadt.[36]

Danuta Hübner (Committee on Constitutional Affairs) said: "It is amazing what you are saying because it is the Republic of Ireland which is against this idea of giving the right to vote to nationals in third countries - so we have a problem here".[36]

Seat projections[edit]

Some observers[who?] consider that the European People's Party might remain the dominant political force in the chamber while populists might be stronger than they were.[37] However, Eurosceptics could be the first force in the chamber according to Charles de Marcilly[37] whilst centrist parties such as European People's Party and the continent's Socialists could decline.[38]

The magazine of the Young European Federalists publishes prognoses based on national polls for the upcoming European parliament if there was an election held today:

Opinion polls by vote share
Institute Date EPP S&D ECR ALDE Greens–EFA GUE-NGL EFDD ENF NI Others Others far-right (new+NI) Others far-left (new+NI) Others moderate (new+NI)
Wahlkreisprognose[39] 2018-12-27 21.4% 17.8% 5.9% 12.7% 7.0% 7.5% 8.2% 9.2% 9.3%
Europe Elects[40] 2018-12-05 21.6% 17.9% 5.7% 13.1% 7.4% 8.3% 8.2% 8.6% 1.0% 8.3%
EuropeanElectionsStats.eu[41] 2018-11-29 26.42% 19.89% 6.11% 10.8% (without "En Marche")
5.97% 7.95% 4.97% 7.95% 5.11% 0.42% 4.55% (including 2.5% for "En Marche")
Europe Elects[42] 2018-11-11 20.8% 17.6% 5.1% 13.3% 7.0% 8.8% 9.1% 9.6% 1.0% 7.8%
EuropeanElectionsStats.eu[43] 2018-10-28 26.42% 19.31% 5.97% 10.94% (without "En Marche")
5.68% 8.24% 5.40% 7.53% 5.39% 0.42% 4.83% (including 3% for "En Marche")
Europe Elects[42] 2018-10-26 20.9% 18.4% 5.0% 11.6% 6.4% 8.6% 9.3% 9.1% 1.1% 9.7%
Europe Elects[42] 2018-10-18 21.5% 18.4% 4.3% 12.0% 6.4% 8.7% 9.5% 9.3% 1.0% 8.9%
Europe Elects[44] 2018-10-14 21.3% 18.3% 3.9% 12.6% 6.3% 8.6% 9.5% 9.3% 1.0% 9.1%
Europe Elects[45] 2018-10-13 21.3% 18.4% 3.9% 12.5% 6.3% 8.6% 9.5% 9.3% 1.0% 9.1%
Europe Elects[45] 2018-10-12 21.3% 18.5% 3.9% 12.5% 6.5% 8.6% 9.6% 9.3% 1.0% 9.1%
EuropeanElectionsStats.eu[46] 2018-09-22 25.85% 19.74% 6.53% 10.80% (without "En Marche")
5.11% 8.66% 5.68% 7.39% 5.11% 0.42% 4.69% (including 3% for "En Marche")
EuropeanElectionsStats.eu[47] 2018-09-12 26.6% 20% 6.3% 10.2% (without "En Marche")
4.7% 8.5% 5.5% 7.4% 5.5% 0.6% 4.7% (including 3% for "En Marche")
treffpunkteuropa.de/Europe Elects[48] 2018-06-01 20% 19.5% 9.5% 12.5% 6% 8% 8.5% 7.5% 2% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de/Europe Elects[48] 2018-05-01 20.5% 21% 10.5% 13% 4.5% 8% 8% 7% 2% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de/Europe Elects[48] 2018-04-01 20.5% 19.5% 10% 14% 4.5% 7.5% 8% 6.5% 1.5% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[48] 2018-03-07 21% 20.5% 10% 12.5% 4.5% 7.5% 8.5% 6% 2.5% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[48] 2018-01-30 21% 22% 10% 13.5% 5% 7.5% 7.5% 5.5% 2% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[48] 2018-01-01 21% 22.5% 10% 12.5% 4.5% 8.5% 7.5% 5.5% 2% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[48] 2017-11-30 21.5% 22% 10% 12.5% 4% 8% 7% 6.5% 2% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[48] 2017-11-14 21.5% 21.5% 9.5% 13% 4% 8% 7% 6% 3% 6%
treffpunkteuropa.de[48] 2017-10-06 21% 23% 9.5% 12.5% 4.5% 8% 4.5% 7% 3% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[48] 2017-09-14 22.5% 23% 9.5% 13% 4.5% 8% 4.5% 6% 3% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[48] 2017-06-14 22.5% 24% 8% 12.5% 4% 8% 4% 5.5% 3% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[48] 2017-05-22 22% 23% 8.5% 12% 4% 8% 4.5% 6.5% 3% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[49] 2017-03-28 22% 23% 8.5% 8% 4% 7.5% 6% 7% 6.5% 7.5%
treffpunkteuropa.de[50] 2017-03-01 21% 23.5% 9% 8.5% 4% 7.5% 6.5% 7.5% 6% 6.5%
treffpunkteuropa.de[51] 2017-02-02 23% 20.5% 9.5% 8% 4.5% 8% 6% 8.5% 5.5% 6.5%
treffpunkteuropa.de[52] 2017-01-07 23.5% 22% 9% 8.5% 4.5% 7.5% 6.5% 9% 3.5% 6.5%
treffpunkteuropa.de[53] 2016-12-01 23.5% 22.5% 9% 8.5% 4.5% 7.5% 6.5% 8.5% 3.5% 6%
treffpunkteuropa.de[54] 2016-10-31 23% 21% 9% 8% 5% 8% 7% 9% 3% 7%
treffpunkteuropa.de[55] 2016-10-01 24% 22% 9% 9% 4% 8% 7% 9% 3% 5%
treffpunkteuropa.de[56] 2016-09-01 25% 24% 10% 12% 4% 8% 5% 8% 4%
treffpunkteuropa.de[57] 2016-08-13 26% 24% 10% 11% 4% 8% 5% 8% 4%
treffpunkteuropa.de[58] 2016-07-13 27% 25% 9% 12% 4% 7% 5% 8% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[59] 2016-06-23 24% 24% 10% 12% 4% 8% 6% 8% 4%
treffpunkteuropa.de[60] 2016-06-01 25% 23% 10% 11% 5% 8% 6% 8% 4%
treffpunkteuropa.de[61] 2016-05-22 25% 24% 10% 11% 4% 8% 6% 8% 4%
treffpunkteuropa.de[62] 2016-05-02 25% 24% 9% 12% 4% 9% 7% 7% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[63] 2016-04-02 27% 24% 11% 12% 4% 8% 5% 6% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[64] 2016-03-01 25% 24% 11% 13% 4% 9% 5% 6% ?
treffpunkteuropa.de[65] 2016-02-02 25% 25% 11% 11% 4% 9% 5% 7% 3%
treffpunkteuropa.de[66] 2016-01-04 26% 25% 10% 13% 4% 9% 5% 6% 2%
treffpunkteuropa.de[67] 2015-12-02 26% 25% 12% 11% 5% 8% 5% 6% 2%
thenewfederalist.eu[68] 2015-11-17 26% 27% 12% 10% 4% 8% 5% 6% 2%
treffpunkteuropa.de[69] 2015-11-01 26% 27% 12% 10% 4% 8% 5% 6% 2%
treffpunkteuropa.de[70] 2015-10-01 26% 26% 10% 11% 4% 9% 5% 6% 3%
treffpunkteuropa.de[71] 2015-09-01 27% 26% 11% 10% 5% 9% 4% 5% 3%
treffpunkteuropa.de[72] 2015-08-06 27% 26% 10% 9% 5% 10% 4% 5% 3%
treffpunkteuropa.de[73] 2015-07-03 27% 26% 11% 9% 5% 9% 4% 5% 4%
treffpunkteuropa.de[74] 2015-06-16 27% 25% 10% 10.5% 5% 9% 4% 5.5% 4%
treffpunkteuropa.de[75] 2015-06-02 27% 26% 11% 9% 4% 9% 5% 9%
treffpunkteuropa.de[76] 2015-05-05 29% 26% 9% 10% 4% 10% 5% 7%
treffpunkteuropa.de[77] 2015-04-03 29% 27% 10% 9% 4% 9% 4% 8%
treffpunkteuropa.de[78] 2015-03-12 29% 27% 10% 9% 4% 10% 4% 7%
treffpunkteuropa.de[79] 2015-01-30 29% 27% 9% 10% 4% 9% 5% 7%
treffpunkteuropa.de[79] 2014-12-30 29% 27% 10% 9% 4% 10% 4% 7%
treffpunkteuropa.de[79] 2014-11-30 29% 27% 10% 10% 5% 9% 4% 6%
treffpunkteuropa.de[79] 2014-10-30 29% 26% 9% 10% 5% 9% 4% 8%
treffpunkteuropa.de[79] 2014-09-30 29% 26% 9% 10% 5% 9% 5% 7%
treffpunkteuropa.de[79] 2014-08-30 27% 28% 9% 10% 5% 9% 5% 7%
treffpunkteuropa.de[79] 2014-07-30 28% 26% 10% 10% 6% 8% 5% 7%
treffpunkteuropa.de[79] 2014-06-30 29% 26% 9% 10% 6% 8% 5% 7%
European Election 2014 2014-05-25 29.2 % 25.4 % 9.1 % 8.9 % 6.8 % 6.7 % 6.4 % - 7.1 % -

Some websites give prognoses in seats. The values of the ENF member parties before the constitution of the group in June 2015 are indicated in brackets. Since the United Kingdom notified its intention to leave the European Union in March 2017, the UK is excluded from some projections for the composition of the European Parliament.

Opinion polls by number of seats
Institute Date EPP S&D ECR ALDE Greens–EFA GUE-NGL EFDD ENF NI Others far-right (new+NI) Others far-left (new+NI) Others moderate (new+NI)
Europe Elects[80] 2018-01-13 177 129 62 98 47 56 46 62 12+16
Der (europäische) Föderalist[81] 2018-01-08 181 130 58 90 49 57 14 63 11+52
Europe Elects[82] 2018-12-05 178 133 53 96 43 58 47 61 13+21
EuropeanElectionsStats.eu[83] 2018-11-29 186 140 43 76 (without "En Marche")
42 56 35 56 36 3 32 (includes 18 from "En Marche")
Europe Elects[84] 2018-11-11 172 136 54 98 45 60 48 61 10+21
EuropeanElectionsStats.eu[85] 2018-10-28 186 136 42 77 (without "En Marche")
40 58 38 53 38 3 34 (includes 21 from "En Marche")
Instituto Cattaneo[86] 2018-10-09 180 139 54 93 45 63 55 63 13
Europe Elects[87] 2018-10-09 177 134 50 98 40 61 50 61 9+25
Politico Europe[88] 2018-10-08 178 137 48 83 (with "En Marche": 21)
40 58 53 59 6+33
EuropeanElectionsStats.eu[89] 2018-09-22 182 139 46 76 (without "En Marche")
36 61 40 52 36 3 33 (includes 21 from "En Marche")
Europe Elects[90] 2018-09-20 181 134 49 100 37 61 49 57 11+26
Der (europäische) Föderalist[91] 2018-09-19 178 140 50 95 42 60 21 59 10+50
EuropeanElectionsStats.eu[47] 2018-09-12 187 141 44 72 (without "En Marche")
33 60 39 52 39 4 33 (includes 21 from "En Marche")
Europe Elects[92] 2018-08-10 179 137 50 104 36 60 49 55 10+25
Thomson Reuters[93] 2018-07-28 180 154 42 104 34 56 59 63 13
Der (europäische) Föderalist ("dynamic scenario")[94] 2018-07-25 177 145 90 56 (new "En Marche" group)
+ 53 (ALDE)
38 58 78 10
Der (europäische) Föderalist ("baseline scenario")[94] 2018-07-25 177 145 50 102 38 57 22 56 10+48
www.thenewfederalist.eu/Europe Elects[95] 2018-07-06 185 141 44 110 34 58 49 52 9+23
Der (europäische) Föderalist ("dynamic scenario")[96] 2018-05-29 178 138 84 57 (new "En Marche" group)
+ 50 (ALDE)
37 56 66 12
Der (europäische) Föderalist ("baseline scenario")[96] 2018-05-29 178 137 43 103 37 55 23 46 12+44
treffpunkteuropa.de/Europe Elects[97] 2018-05-18 179 141 42 112 32 61 58 47 12+21
treffpunkteuropa.de/Europe Elects[98] 2018-04-17 180 143 42 112 33 60 58 46 9+22
Der (europäische) Föderalist[99] 2018-04-03 180 137 41 104 33 58 23 44 12+46
Der (europäische) Föderalist[100] 2018-02-05 179 142 47 102 33 65 42 41 27
Der (europäische) Föderalist[101] 2017-12-13 196 142 45 109 30 56 37 36 27
Der (europäische) Föderalist[102] 2017-10-16 192 150 45 106 28 55 38 37 27
Der (europäische) Föderalist[103] 2017-08-21 196 149 42 108 24 57 29 44 29
Der (europäische) Föderalist[104] 2017-06-27 201 155 38 109 23 55 28 42 27
Der (europäische) Föderalist[105] 2017-05-02 198 170 35 82 28 46 27 59 33
New allocation of seats without UK approved
Der (europäische) Föderalist[105] 2017-05-02 198 186 68 88 35 47 36 59 34
treffpunkteuropa.de[106] 2017-03-28 181 181 74 75 29 58 40 48 51
Der (europäische) Föderalist[105] 2017-03-06 191 182 69 80 35 50 48 60 36
treffpunkteuropa.de[107] 2017-03-01 174 185 81 85 31 54 42 51 48
Der (europäische) Föderalist[105] 2017-01-16 191 180 63 82 40 48 48 68 31
treffpunkteuropa.de[108] 2017-01-07 189 170 71 82 28 63 38 60 49
treffpunkteuropa.de[108] 2016-12-01 195 176 72 81 35 57 38 57 42
Der (europäische) Föderalist[105] 2016-11-14 194 182 65 91 38 48 47 61 25
treffpunkteuropa.de[54] 2016-10-31 191 171 73 75 30 71 41 61 38
treffpunkteuropa.de[55] 2016-10-01 194 179 71 82 31 57 42 64 31
Der (europäische) Föderalist[105] 2016-09-13 189 181 62 91 38 47 53 63 27
treffpunkteuropa.de[57] 2016-09-01 189 176 74 86 32 59 40 54 32
treffpunkteuropa.de[57] 2016-08-13 191 184 72 86 32 60 40 58 21
Der (europäische) Föderalist[109] 2016-07-28 192 185 59 90 39 48 54 61 13
treffpunkteuropa.de[58] 2016-07-13 202 187 67 92 31 57 36 58 21
treffpunkteuropa.de[110] 2016-06-23 183 179 74 88 32 61 46 61 27
treffpunkteuropa.de[60] 2016-06-01 186 177 76 83 35 59 63 45 27
Der (europäische) Föderalist[111] 2016-05-25 187 174 63 85 40 55 51 70 12
treffpunkteuropa.de[112] 2016-05-02 187 178 69 89 27 66 56 49 23
Der (europäische) Föderalist[113] 2016-04-07 192 179 72 85 37 52 50 53 31
treffpunkteuropa.de[63] 2016-04-02 205 177 84 87 30 58 37 48 25
treffpunkteuropa.de[64] 2016-03-01 186 183 81 99 27 65 37 48 25
Der (europäische) Föderalist[113] 2016-02-07 196 183 70 82 34 51 51 55 29
treffpunkteuropa.de[114] 2016-02-02 191 186 86 79 27 69 39 51 23
treffpunkteuropa.de[66] 2016-01-04 194 187 76 95 28 66 37 48 20
Der (europäische) Föderalist[115] 2015-12-14 192 185 68 87 33 52 52 53 29
treffpunkteuropa.de[67] 2015-12-02 197 186 91 82 33 61 37 47 17
thenewfederalist.eu[68] 2015-11-17 196 201 88 76 31 62 42 42 13
treffpunkteuropa.de[69] 2015-11-01 197 203 88 75 31 61 42 42 12
Der (europäische) Föderalist[116] 2015-10-17 204 193 66 75 33 51 51 54 24
Der (europäische) Föderalist[117] 2015-08-21 204 190 70 74 35 56 47 49 26
treffpunkteuropa.de[73] 2015-07-03 206 193 80 68 36 69 30 39 30
Der (europäische) Föderalist[118] 2015-06-30 205 188 69 73 34 61 43 47 31
treffpunkteuropa.de[76] 2015-05-05 218 196 71 75 31 74 34 52
Der (europäische) Föderalist[119] 2015-05-03 205 193 62 80 32 60 44 (51) 24
Der (europäische) Föderalist[120] 2015-03-10 216 196 60 77 31 60 43 (49) 19
Der (europäische) Föderalist[121] 2015-01-12 212 190 59 70 40 65 47 (43) 25
Der (europäische) Föderalist[122] 2014-11-18 212 195 59 69 42 60 47 (43) 24
Der (europäische) Föderalist[123] 2014-09-23 223 196 61 67 39 53 47 (40) 25
Der (europäische) Föderalist[105] 2014-07-28 215 191 66 75 47 56 44 (40) 17
European Election 2014 2014-05-25 221 191 70 67 50 52 48 (37) 15

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External links[edit]

Media related to European Parliament election, 2019 at Wikimedia Commons