2019 European Parliament election in Romania

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European Parliament election in Romania, 2019

← 2014 26 May 2019 2024 →

All 32 Romanian seats to the European Parliament
  First party Second party Third party
  No image.png No image.png No image.png
Leader TBD Rareș Bogdan Dacian Cioloș
Party PSD PNL USR-PLUS[b]
Last election 16 seats, 37.6% 11 seats, 29.8%[a] New
Seats before 10 8 0
EP Group S&D EPP

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader TBD TBD TBD
Party ALDE UDMR PMP
Last election New 2 seats, 6.3% 2 seats, 6.2%
Seats before 2 2 0
EP Group ALDE EPP EPP

The European Parliament election of 2019 will be held in Romania on 26 May 2019.[1]

Background[edit]

National Liberal Party[edit]

Three days after the 2014 election, on 28 May 2014, National Liberal Party president Crin Antonescu announced that the party would change European affiliation from ALDE to EPP, and it has started negotiations for the merger with the Democratic Liberal Party. The newly created party would still be called National Liberal Party, and be a member of the EPP. Democratic Liberal Party president Vasile Blaga later that day confirmed the merger of the two parties. MEP Norica Nicolai, first candidate on the National Liberal Party list refused to join the European People's Party group, and continued to stay a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe group.[2] After the 2014 presidential election, MEP Renate Weber, second candidate on the National Liberal Party list, resigned the European People's Party group, and joined the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe group. After the completion of the merger of the two parties, the two MEPs were given an ultimatum to join the European People's Party group or face party exclusion.[3] They failed to fulfill the request and thus were expelled from the National Liberal Party, and currently stand with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe group. Later, MEP Norica Nicolai joined the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats.[4]

In late August 2017, MEP Ramona Mănescu, third candidate on the National Liberal Party list, resigned the party,[5] but continued to stand with the European People's Party group.

In May 2018, People's Movement Party MEP Siegfried Mureșan, spokesman of the European People's Party, announced he is leaving the party to join the National Liberal Party.[6]

Journalist Rareș Bogdan was oficially nominated as head of the PNL list for the European Parliament elections, which also contains, among others, former co-president of PNL Vasile Blaga, MEPs Siegfried Mureșan, Adina Vălean, Daniel Buda, Cristian Bușoi, Marian-Jean Marinescu and Mihai Ţurcanu, and mayors Mircea Hava and Gheorghe Falcă.[7]

Democratic Liberal Party[edit]

Three days after the 2014 election, on 28 May 2014, Democratic Liberal Party president Vasile Blaga confirmed the announcement made by National Liberal Party president Crin Antonescu, that the two parties were to merge into a new party, that would retain the name of the latter and international affiliation of the former. To express discontent with this decision, and the lack of a PDL candidate to the presidential election, MEP Monica Macovei, second candidate on the Democratic Liberal Party list resigned the party in September 2014, and competed in the 2014 presidential election as an independent.[8][9][10] Following the presidential election, she joined, as an independent politician, the European Conservatives and Reformists.

People's Movement Party[edit]

In September 2014, following some declarations, Cristian Preda, first candidate on the People's Movement Party list, was expelled from the party.[11][12][13][14] He continued to stand in the European People's Party group.

In 2016, the People's Movement Party merged with (absorbed) the National Union for the Progress of Romania, but the later's MEPs did not join the People's Movement Party.

In May 2018, MEP Siegfried Mureșan, spokesman of the European People's Party, announced he is leaving the People's Movement Party, to join the National Liberal Party.[6] As a result, the People's Movement Party lost both its MEPs.

Conservative Party[edit]

The Conservative Party ran with the National Union for the Progress of Romania on a common list headed by the Social Democratic Party at the previous election. This electoral alliance was supposed to be called "Social Democratic Union" ("Uniunea Social Democrată"), but, due to the Romanian legislation (this name was taken by a 1990s alliance between the Democratic Party and Romanian Social Democratic Party), they ran as "PSD-UNPR-PC". In 2015, the party merged with the Liberal Reformist Party, to form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats[15][16] Members displeased with this decision, headed by MEP Maria Grapini (first Conservative Party candidate, and fifth on the PSD-UNPR-PC list), founded a new party, Humanist Power Party (Social-Liberal) Romanian: Partidul Puterii Umaniste (Social-Liberal).[17] She continues to stand with the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats, as a member of PPU-SL. Laurențiu Rebega, second Conservative Party candidate and fourteenth on the PSD-UNPR-PC list, stands as an independent politician in the Non-Inscrits group.

National Union for the Progress of Romania[edit]

The National Union for the Progress of Romania ran with the Conservative Party on a common list headed by the Social Democratic Party at the previous election. This electoral alliance was supposed to be called "Social Democratic Union" ("Uniunea Social Democrată"), but, due to the Romanian legislation (this name was taken by a 1990s alliance between the Democratic Party and Romanian Social Democratic Party), they ran as "PSD-UNPR-PC". In 2016, the National Union for the Progress of Romania merged with (was absorbed by) the People's Movement Party, but the former's MEPs did not join the People's Movement Party. Both its two candidates continue to stand with the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats: Damian Drăghici (first National Union for the Progress of Romania candidate and sixth on the "PSD-UNPR-PC" list) as an independent member, and Doru Frunzulică (second National Union for the Progress of Romania candidate and thirteenth on the "PSD-UNPR-PC" list) joined the Social Democratic Party.

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Polling Firm PSD
S&D
ALDE
ALDE
PRO
EDP
USR
PLUS
UDMR
EPP
PNL
EPP
PMP
EPP
Others Lead
February-March 2019 PNL 24.6% 11.8% 6.7% 16% N/A 27.9% N/A 13% 3.3%
1–21 February 2019 IMAS 22.7% 12.5% 13.4% 17.9% 4.7% 22.6% 4.4% 1.8% 0.1%
21 January–6 February 2019 CURS 32% 9% 9% 8% 5% 5% 22% 5% 5% 10%
21 January–5 February 2019 INSCOP 27.8% 9.2% 6.6% 10.0% 7.0% 5.1% 26.7% 4.4% 3.2% 1.1%
11–30 January 2019 IMAS 24.6% 12.9% 9.0% 13.1% 7.3% 5.6% 23.3% 2.5% 1.6% 1.3%
12–20 January 2019 BCS 23.0% 8.1% 10.7% 6.5% 8.1% 4.8% 23.7% 9.3% 5.8% 0.7%
Dec 2018 PNL 30.2% 11.5% 5.5% 10.2% 5% 5.1% 27.8% 4.2% 0.7% 2.4%
24 Nov–9 Dec 2018 CURS 33% 9% 9% 7% 5% 6% 20% 5% 6% 13%
26 Oct–12 Nov 2018 CURS 38% 15% 9% 8% 7% N/A 15% 3% 5% 23%
25 May 2014 Election results 37.6%[a] 6.3% 29.8%[c] 6.2% 20.0% 22.6%

Notes[edit]

^ The Social Democratic Party (PSD) ran in 2014 as part of the "Social Democratic Union, a three-party alliance that also included the Conservative Party (Romania) (PC, a founding member of the ADLE party in 2015) and the National Union for the Progress of Romania (UNPR).

^ Save Romania Union and Freedom, Unity and Solidarity Party are running together under the name Alliance 2020 USR PLUS (Alianța 2020 USR PLUS).

^ Includes the Civic Force (2,6% in 2014), which merged into the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) in July 2014, which itself merged into the PNL in November 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ EP seats after 2014 elections: "no member state loses more than one" plan
  2. ^ Treason: Norica Nicolai to Stand With ALDE
  3. ^ Norica Nicolai and Renate Weber Have Been Expelled From PNL
  4. ^ Norica Nicolai after Joining ALDE: "I Will Continue to Be a Liberal
  5. ^ Ramona Mănescu Resigns from PNL. Who Is She Negotiating With
  6. ^ a b EPP Spokesman MEP Siegfried Mureșan joins PNL
  7. ^ Zaim, Diana (2019-03-14). "The National Liberal Party has nominated its candidates for the European elections. The list includes six MEPs, two important mayors and distinguished leaders with the journalist Rares Bogdan on top". caleaeuropeana.ro. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  8. ^ Monica Macovei Has Resigned PDL
  9. ^ Monica Macovei Has Resigned PDL
  10. ^ Monica Macovei Has Resigned PDL
  11. ^ Cristian Preda Expelled from PMP
  12. ^ Cristian Preda Contests the Expeling Decision
  13. ^ PMP Asks Preda To Honorably Resign the EP
  14. ^ PMP Asks Preda To Honorably Resign the EP2
  15. ^ "New political party in Romania". Romania-Insider.com.
  16. ^ "ALDE Party President welcomes establishment of new party in Romania". ALDE Party.
  17. ^ PPU-SL Was Punded

External links[edit]