2019 European Parliament election in Spain

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2019 European Parliament election in Spain

← 2014 26 May 2019

All 59 Spanish seats in the European Parliament
Opinion polls
  Portrait placeholder.svg Josep Borrell 2018 (cropped).jpg Pablo Bustinduy 2017b (cropped).jpeg
Leader TBD Josep Borrell Pablo Bustinduy
Party PP PSOE Podemos–IU–eQuo
Alliance EPP S&D GUE/NGL
Leader since 26 February 2019 27 November 2018
Leader's seat Spain Spain
Last election 16 seats, 26.1% 14 seats, 23.0% 11 seats, 18.0%[a]

  Luis Garicano 2015 (cropped).jpg Oriol Junqueras 2016b (cropped).jpg
Leader Luis Garicano Oriol Junqueras[b]
Party Cs AR
Alliance ALDE Greens/EFA
Leader since 29 December 2018 29 September 2018
Leader's seat Spain Spain
Last election 6 seats, 9.7%[c] 3 seats, 6.1%[d]

SpainProvinceMapBlank.png
Provincial results map for the European Parliament in Spain

The 2019 European Parliament election in Spain will be held on Sunday, 26 May 2019, as part of the EU-wide election to elect the 9th European Parliament. All 59 seats allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Lisbon will be up for election. The election will be held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

Due to the Brexit process, the United Kingdom's 73 MEPs are expected to be removed a few months before the 2019 European Parliament election. Plans emerging from discussion on what should be done about the vacated seats include their replacement with a pan-European constituency list; other options being considered include dropping the British seats without replacement, and reassigning some or all of the existing seats from other countries to reduce inequality of representation.[1] An apportionment of seats based on the Cambridge Compromise would see the Spanish MEP delegation being increased to a figure ranging from 57 to 70 seats.[2] The European Parliament Committee on Constitutional Affairs proposed on 23 January 2018 an increase of the number of seats allocated to Spain from 54 to 59 after the United Kingdom's departure, a proposal that first needs to be adopted by the Parliament, then approved by the European Council, to be made effective.[3][4]

Electoral system[edit]

The 59 members of the European Parliament allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Lisbon are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with no threshold being applied in order to be entitled to enter seat distribution. However, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold depending on the district magnitude.[5] Seats are allocated to a single multi-member constituency comprising the entire national territory. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals and resident non-national European citizens over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights.[6][7][8] Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[9]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, they are required to secure the signature of at least 15,000 registered electors. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Parties, federations and coalitions are allowed to replace this requirement with the signature of at least 50 elected officials—deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils—. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[6][7]

Outgoing delegation[edit]

Parliamentary group MEPs
European People's Party 17[e]
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats 14[f]
European United Left–Nordic Green Left 11[g]
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe 8[h]
Greens–European Free Alliance 5[i]
Total 54

Parties and alliances[edit]

Below is a list of the main parties and electoral alliances which contested the election:

Party or alliance Candidate Ideology Refs
People's Party (PP) Portrait placeholder.svg TBD Conservatism
Christian democracy
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Josep Borrell 2018 (cropped).jpg Josep Borrell Social democracy [10]
Pablo Bustinduy 2017b (cropped).jpeg Pablo Bustinduy Left-wing populism
Democratic socialism
[11]
[12]
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs)
Luis Garicano 2015 (cropped).jpg Luis Garicano Liberalism [13]
[14]
Oriol Junqueras 2016b (cropped).jpg Oriol Junqueras[b] Secessionism
Left-wing nationalism
[15]
Coalition for Europe (CEU)
Portrait placeholder.svg TBD Peripheral nationalism [16]
[17]
Together (JuntsxCat)
Carles Puigdemont 2017 (cropped).jpg Carles Puigdemont Catalan independence
Liberalism
[18]
Portrait placeholder.svg TBD Left-wing nationalism
Eco-socialism
[19]
[20]
[21]
Vox (Vox) Portrait placeholder.svg TBD Right-wing populism
Ultranationalism
Neoliberalism

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font.

Polling firm/Commissioner Fieldwork date Sample size Turnout PP PSOE IU Podemos UPyD CEU AR Cs LPD PE Vox PACMA PDeCAT PNV Isotipo Unidos Podemos.svg Lead
electoPanel/electomania.es[p 1] 22 Feb–17 Mar 2019 7,400 ? 19.6
11/12
22.3
13/14
[k] [k] [l] 3.1
1/2
5.1
3
17.6
10/11
[m] 2.3
1
13.4
8
3.1
1/2
[n] [n] 10.6
6
2.7
electoPanel/electomania.es[p 2] 22 Feb–10 Mar 2019 6,800 ? 19.0
12
21.8
14
[k] [k] [l] 3.1
2
5.3
3
18.3
11
[m] 2.3
1
13.3
8
3.0
1
[n] [n] 10.9
7
2.8
electoPanel/electomania.es[p 3] 22 Feb–3 Mar 2019 5,200 ? 19.1
12
21.3
13
[k] [k] [l] 3.0
1
5.1
3
18.8
12
[m] 2.4
1
13.4
8
3.1
2
[n] [n] 11.1
7
2.2
Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 4] 25–28 Feb 2019 1,000 ? 20.3
13
28.8
19
[k] [k] [l] 4.6
3
15.6
9
[m] 8.4
5
1.3
0
1.0
0
1.4
0
15.6
10
8.5
electoPanel/electomania.es[p 5] 26 Jan–30 Jan 2019 2,890 ? 16.0
10
21.3
13
[k] [k] 3.1
2
6.3
4
21.0
13
[m] 1.8
1
13.0
8
1.8
1
[n] [n] 11.3
7
0.3
SocioMétrica/El Español[p 6] 22 Dec–5 Jan 2019 2,200 ? 18.5
11
22.1
14
[k] [k] 3.0
1
5.2
3
18.2
11
[m] 2.2
1
13.0
8
[n] [n] 15.6
10
3.6
electoPanel/electomania.es[p 7] 26 May–2 Jun 2018 2,043 ? 17.2
11
21.6
14
[k] [k] 0.2
0
4.1
2
3.3
2
22.7
14
1.4
0
2.8
1
4.6
3
4.2
2
[n] [n] 16.8
10
1.1
Desk Research/PSOE[p 8] 21 May 2018 ? 63 23.6
15/16
26.4
17/19
4.0
2
7.7
5
18.2
12/13
2.8
PP[p 9] 10 Apr 2018 ? ? 22.0
14
22.0
14
6.0
4
11.4
7
1.8
1
2.8
1
16.2
10
2.6
1
4.2
2
2.3
1
4.6
3
2.4
1
Tie
Desk Research/PSOE[p 8][p 10][p 11] 9 Apr 2018 10,000 63 24.0
16/17
26.0
17/19
4.0
2
8.0
5
17.0
11/12
2.0
2014 EP election 25 May 2014 N/A 43.8 26.1
16
23.0
14
10.0
6
8.0
5
6.5
4
5.4
3
4.0
2
3.2
2
2.1
1
1.9
1
1.6
0
1.1
0
[n] [n] 3.1

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aggregated data for IP and Podemos in the 2014 election.
  2. ^ a b Currently in preventive detention in Soto del Real (Madrid).
  3. ^ Aggregated data for UPyD and C's in the 2014 election.
  4. ^ Aggregated data for EPDD and LPD in the 2014 election.
  5. ^ 16 PP, 1 independent.
  6. ^ PSOE.
  7. ^ 5 Podemos, 4 IU, 1 Anova.
  8. ^ 4 Cs, 1 UPyD, 1 PDeCAT, 1 PNV, 1 independent.
  9. ^ 2 ERC, 1 ICV, 1 eQuo, 1 BNG
  10. ^ PDeCAT will run in a coalition list with its predecessor party, CDC, in order to guarantee public funding for the campaign.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Within UPCE.
  12. ^ a b c d Within Cs.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Within AR.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Within CEU.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "ElectoPanel para europeas (19M): la bajada de Unidas Podemos daría un segundo escaño al PACMA". electomania.es (in Spanish). 19 March 2019.
  2. ^ "ElectoPanel europeo 12M: victoria para el PSOE". electomania.es (in Spanish). 12 March 2019.
  3. ^ "ElectoPanel Europeas (I): Ciudadanos y PSOE luchan por la victoria. Vox da el sorpasso a Podemos y se acerca al PP. PACMA logra representación". electomania.es (in Spanish). 5 March 2019.
  4. ^ "El bloque de la investidura de Pedro Sánchez ganaría las europeas". El Mundo (in Spanish). 7 March 2019.
  5. ^ "ElectoPanel Europeas (I): Ciudadanos y PSOE luchan por la victoria. Vox da el sorpasso a Podemos y se acerca al PP. PACMA logra representación". electomania.es (in Spanish). 3 February 2019.
  6. ^ "El PSOE ganará las europeas por primera vez en 15 años gracias a la división de la derecha". El Español (in Spanish). 13 January 2019.
  7. ^ "ElectoPanel elecciones europeas. Irrumpen los pequeños". electomania.es (in Spanish). 5 June 2018.
  8. ^ a b "El PSOE se marca el reto de "capitalizar la desafección por la lucha PP-Cs" en el centro". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 21 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Una encuesta de Moncloa para las europeas pronostica escaños para Vox, UPyD y PACMA". El Independiente (in Spanish). 10 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Un estudio del PSOE le sitúa como primera fuerza en municipales y europeas". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 9 April 2018.
  11. ^ "La primera fuerza en las europeas". PSOE (in Spanish). 9 April 2018.
Other
  1. ^ De la Baume, Maïa (12 April 2017). "MEPs debate who inherits British seats". Politico. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  2. ^ Kalcik, Robert; B. Wolff, Guntram (16 December 2015). "Is Brexit an opportunity to reform the European Parliament?" (PDF). bruegel.org. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  3. ^ "EUOBSERVER : France, Spain set to gain seats in post-Brexit EU parliament". FOCUS Information Agency (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  4. ^ "MEPs to vote on shrinking Parliament post Brexit". POLITICO. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  5. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community". Act of 17 December 2007. Official Journal of the European Union. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  9. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  10. ^ "El PSOE confirma a Borrell como candidato a las europeas". El Mundo (in Spanish). 26 February 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  11. ^ "Unidas Podemos cambiar Europa, el nombre para las europeas de la candidatura del partido de Iglesias". El País (in Spanish). 26 May 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Pablo Bustinduy encabezará la lista de Podemos a Europa, que copan los candidatos oficiales". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 27 November 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Luis Garicano será el candidato de Ciudadanos a las elecciones europeas". El País (in Spanish). 29 December 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  14. ^ "Pagaza confirma que irá en las listas de Cs a las europeas tras las negociaciones con UPyD". El Español (in Spanish). 17 February 2019. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  15. ^ "Ahora Repúblicas, la marca de la candidatura de Junqueras con Bildu y BNG para las europeas". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 15 January 2019. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  16. ^ "El PNV sigue a la espera de que el PDeCAT se pronuncie sobre si repiten coalición para las europeas". Europa Press (in Spanish). 27 February 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  17. ^ "El PNV ve difícil repetir coalición con el PDECat para las europeas, pero no cierra la puerta". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 18 March 2019. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  18. ^ "Carles Puigdemont encabezará la lista de JxCat a las elecciones europeas". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Compromís 'pasa' de Podemos y Esquerra y liderará una lista a Europa con Més y la CHA". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 13 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  20. ^ "Nueva Canarias anuncia que irá por primera vez a las elecciones europeas en una coalición con Compromis, Mes y la Chunta Aragonesista". Crónicas de Lanzarote (in Spanish). 13 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  21. ^ "En Marea reconoce contactos con Compromís, Més per Mallorca y Chunta Aragonesista para un coalición a las europeas". Europa Press (in Spanish). 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.