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Eurovision Song Contest 2019

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Eurovision Song Contest 2019
Dare to Dream
Eurovision Song Contest 2019.svg
Dates
Semi-final 114 May 2019
Semi-final 216 May 2019
Final18 May 2019
Host
VenueExpo Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv, Israel
Presenter(s)Erez Tal
Bar Refaeli
Assi Azar
Lucy Ayoub
Directed byAmir Ukrainitz
Sivan Magazanik
Yuval Cohen
Executive supervisorJon Ola Sand
Executive producerZivit Davidovich[1]
Host broadcasterIsraeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC)
Opening act
Interval act
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/tel-aviv-2019 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries41
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countriesNone
Non-returning countries Bulgaria
 Ukraine
  • Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019San Marino in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019France in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Iceland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Malta in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Estonia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Latvia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Lithuania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Slovakia in the Eurovision Song ContestAustria in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Slovenia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Hungary in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Croatia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song ContestMontenegro in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Serbia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Albania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019North Macedonia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Bulgaria in the Eurovision Song ContestRomania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Moldova in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Ukraine in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Belarus in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Australia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Russia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Georgia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Azerbaijan in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Turkey in the Eurovision Song ContestCyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Armenia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Morocco in the Eurovision Song ContestLiechtenstein in the Eurovision Song ContestAndorra in the Eurovision Song ContestMonaco in the Eurovision Song ContestPoland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Czech Republic in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song ContestLebanon in the Eurovision Song ContestTunisia in the Eurovision Song ContestA coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Did not qualify from the semi final     Countries that participated in the past but not in 2019
Vote
Voting systemEach country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to 10 songs: the first–from a professional jury, the second–from viewers.
Nul pointsNone[a]
Winning song Netherlands
"Arcade"
2018 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 2020 → 2021

The Eurovision Song Contest 2019 was the 64th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Tel Aviv, Israel, following the country's victory at the 2018 contest with the song "Toy" by Netta. It was the third time Israel had hosted the contest, having previously done so in 1979 and 1999 – both times in Jerusalem. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC), the contest was held at Expo Tel Aviv, and consisted of two semi-finals on 14 and 16 May, and the final on 18 May 2019. The three live shows were presented by Erez Tal, Bar Refaeli, Assi Azar and Lucy Ayoub.

Forty-one countries took part in the contest. Though Bulgaria and Ukraine had participated the previous year, they were absent for 2019. Members of Bulgaria's delegation had been moved to other projects, while Ukraine, which had originally planned to participate, ultimately withdrew as a result of a controversy surrounding their national final. No countries debuted at the contest nor did any return from an absence.

The winner was the Netherlands with the song "Arcade", performed by Duncan Laurence and written by Laurence along with Joel Sjöö, Wouter Hardy and Will Knox. This was the Netherlands' fifth victory in the contest, following their wins in 1957, 1959, 1969 and 1975. This was the second time since the introduction of professional jury voting in 2009 that the overall winner won neither the jury vote, which was won by North Macedonia, nor the televote, which was won by Norway, with the Netherlands placing third in the jury vote and second in the televote. Italy, Russia, Switzerland and Sweden rounded out the top five, although, due to an error in the voting at the contest, Norway were placed fifth and Sweden sixth – this was corrected three days after the contest. Further down the table, North Macedonia and San Marino achieved their best results to date, finishing 7th and 19th respectively. Israel finished 23rd in the final, making it the fourth time that the host country ranked in the bottom five since 2015.

The EBU reported that the contest had an audience of 182 million viewers in 40 European markets, a decrease of 4 million viewers from the previous edition. However, an increase of two percent in the 15–24 year old age range was reported.[2][3]

The lead-up to the contest was met with controversy on multiple fronts, primarily on issues surrounding the Israeli–Palestinian conflict;[4][5] this eventually led to demonstrations by interval act performer Madonna and Icelandic entrants Hatari during the live broadcast of the final.[6]

Location[edit]

Pavilion 2 of Expo Tel Aviv – host venue of the 2019 contest

The 2019 contest took place in Tel Aviv, Israel, following the country's victory at the 2018 edition with the song "Toy", performed by Netta Barzilai. It was the third time Israel hosted the contest, after having hosted the 1979 and 1999 contests in Jerusalem.[7] The selected venue was Expo Tel Aviv's 7,300-seat congress and convention centre in "Bitan 2" (Pavilion 2), which was opened in January 2015.[8][9] Located on Rokach Boulevard in northern Tel Aviv, the convention centre serves as a venue for many events, including concerts, exhibitions, trade fairs, and conferences. The fairground has ten halls and pavilions, plus a large outdoor space. The new pavilion had recently hosted the 2018 European Judo Championships from 26–28 April.[10]

Bidding phase[edit]

Locations of the candidate cities: the chosen host city is marked in blue. The shortlisted cities are marked in green, while the eliminated cities are marked in red.

After Israel's victory in the 2018 contest in Lisbon, Portugal, Netta Barzilai and the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated that the 2019 contest would be held in Jerusalem, but this was yet to be confirmed by the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC/KAN) and the European Broadcasting Union (EBU).[7] Israeli finance minister Moshe Kahlon also said in an interview the event would be held solely in Jerusalem and estimated its cost at 120 million Israeli shekels (approximately €29 million).[11] The mayor of Jerusalem, Nir Barkat, mentioned Jerusalem Arena and Teddy Stadium as possible venues to host the event.[12] The municipality of Jerusalem confirmed that because it lacked the seating capacity, the contest would not be held at the International Convention Centre, which had hosted the contest in 1979 and 1999.[13]

On 18 June 2018, Netanyahu stated that Israel had committed to remaining in compliance with EBU rules regarding the constitution of member broadcasters, so as not to affect its hosting of Eurovision. The IPBC's establishment included a condition that news programming would be delegated later to a second public broadcasting entity. This would have violated EBU rules requiring member broadcasters to have their own internal news departments.[14][15]

The following day, Israel was officially confirmed as the host country,[16] and on 24 June 2018, KAN formally opened the bidding process for cities interested in hosting the 2019 contest.[17] Israeli minister Michael Oren stated that Jerusalem did not have the resources to host the contest on 28 July, reiterating that Tel Aviv was the more likely host.[18]

Soon afterwards, reports surfaced of the government not providing the €12 million downpayment requested by KAN to cover hosting expenses and security.[19] Following a tense back-and-forth between KAN and the government, a compromise between the two parties was reached on 29 July 2018 that would see KAN paying the €12 million to the EBU and the Finance Ministry covering expenses should complications arise. The Mayor of Tel Aviv Ron Huldai announced the city would be willing to pay for the convention centre itself, should it be chosen as the host city.[19][20]

In the week of 27 August 2018, executive supervisor Jon Ola Sand led a handful of EBU delegates around Israel to look at potential venues in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv and to hear the bid from Eilat. On 30 August 2018, Sand said in an interview with KAN that Eilat was no longer in the running to host, leaving it between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. He added there was no serious discussion among members of the EBU about boycotting the event.[21]

On 13 September 2018, the EBU announced Tel Aviv as the host city, with Expo Tel Aviv as the chosen venue for the 2019 contest.[8]

Key:  †  Host venue  ‡  Shortlisted venues

City[22] Venue Notes
Eilat[23] Hangars on the port Proposal intended to connect two hangars to a hall, in order to meet the EBU's capacity and venue requirements.
Haifa Sammy Ofer Stadium Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.
Jerusalem Pais Arena Indoor arena similar to the venues of recent contests. It was Jerusalem's preferred venue, in case they were chosen to be the host city.
Teddy Stadium Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.
Tel Aviv Expo Tel Aviv, Pavilion 2 The IPBC expected Pavilion 2 to have room for up to 9,000 attendees, while an additional 1,500 fans will be able to gather in the greenroom.[24]

Other sites[edit]

Location of host venue (red) and other contest-related sites and events (blue)

Located at the Charles Clore Park in Tel Aviv, the Eurovision Village was the official Eurovision Song Contest fan and sponsors' area during the events week. It was open from 12 to 18 May 2019.[25][26] There it was possible to watch performances by local artists, as well as the live shows broadcast from the main venue.

The EuroClub was located at Hangar 11 in Tel Aviv Port and was the venue for the official after-parties and private performances by contest participants. Unlike the Eurovision Village, access to the EuroClub was restricted to accredited fans, delegates, and press.[26]

The "Orange Carpet" event, where the contestants and their delegations are presented before the accredited press and fans, took place at Habima Square in central Tel Aviv on 12 May 2019, followed by the Opening Ceremony at the Charles Bronfman Auditorium.[26][27]

Format[edit]

Visual design[edit]

The contest's slogan, "Dare to Dream", was unveiled on 28 October 2018,[28] while the official logo and branding were revealed on 8 January 2019. Designed by Awesome Tel Aviv and Studio Adam Feinberg, it consists of layered triangles designed to resemble a star, reflecting "the stars of the future" coming to Tel Aviv.[29]

Postcards[edit]

Filmed between March and April 2019, and directed by Toy's music video director Keren Hochma, the postcards involved the act travelling to a location in Israel that resembles that of their own country.[30] An imaginary play button circled above the act's head, and, when the act pressed it, they performed a themed dance and threw the play button towards the screen, afterwards, it "flies over" to the stage where the ceiling lit up with their country's flag using augmented reality. The dances in each postcard were wide-ranging and included Parkour, Ballet and Street dance, among other styles. The following locations were used:[31][32]

Presenters[edit]

Presenters from left to right: Assi Azar, Bar Refaeli, Lucy Ayoub, and Erez Tal, Tel Aviv, 16 May 2019

On 25 January 2019, KAN announced that four presenters would host the three shows: TV hosts Erez Tal (who was also one of the Israeli commentators for the Eurovision Song Contest 2018 final) and Assi Azar, who works for the Israeli Channel 12, supermodel Bar Refaeli, and KAN host Lucy Ayoub, who was also the Israeli jury spokesperson at the 2018 contest.[33] Tal and Refaeli were the main hosts, while Azar and Ayoub hosted the green room.[34]

Semi-final allocation draw[edit]

The draw to determine the participating countries' semi-finals took place on 28 January 2019 at 17:00 CET, at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art.[35] The thirty-six semi-finalists had been allocated into six pots, based on historical voting patterns as calculated by the contest's official televoting partner Digame. Drawing from different pots helped to reduce the chance of so-called neighbourly voting and increases suspense in the semi-finals. The draw also determined the semi-final the six automatic finalist countries (host country Israel and the Big Five countries France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom) would broadcast and vote in. The ceremony was hosted by contest presenters Assi Azar and Lucy Ayoub and included the passing of a Eurovision insignia from Lisbon (host city of the previous contest) to Tel Aviv.[36]

Pot 1 Pot 2 Pot 3 Pot 4 Pot 5 Pot 6

Voting[edit]

On 30 March 2019, the EBU announced that the presentation of the televoting results during the final would change for the first time since the current voting system was introduced in 2016.[37] The jury results' presentation remained the same with a live spokesperson in each participating country revealing the top song from their national jury that earned 12 points.[38] In a change from previous years, the televoting result was revealed in the order of jury ranking, from the lowest to the highest.[39]

Opening and interval acts[edit]

Madonna performed "Like a Prayer" and "Future" during the interval of the final.

On 8 April 2019, it was confirmed that Madonna would perform three songs during the final.[40] The EBU later revealed they would be "Future" featuring Quavo and "Like a Prayer" and a yet-to-be released song, "Dark Ballet".[41][42] On 15 April 2019, the EBU released further information about the opening and interval acts.

The first semi-final was opened by Netta Barzilai, performing a new version of her winning song "Toy", and also featured Dana International with "Just the Way You Are".[43] The second semi-final included Shalva Band with the song "A Million Dreams" and mentalist Lior Suchard.

The final included performances from six former Eurovision participants. In the "Switch Song" interval act, Conchita Wurst performed "Heroes", Måns Zelmerlöw performed "Fuego", Eleni Foureira performed "Dancing Lasha Tumbai", Verka Serduchka performed "Toy", and Gali Atari, together with the four above-mentioned artists, performed her winning song "Hallelujah". Netta Barzilai later performed her new single "Nana Banana". The opening of the show, accompanied by the traditional flag parade introducing the 26 finalists, featured Netta Barzilai, Dana International with "Diva" and "Tel Aviv", Nadav Guedj with "Golden Boy" and Ilanit with "Ey Sham". Idan Raichel performed "Bo’ee – Come to Me" together with The Idan Raichel Project, while actress Gal Gadot also appeared in a short video skit.[26][44][45][46]

Madonna's interval performance in the final was heavily criticised due to her poor vocal performance, and further criticisms were raised when her official YouTube channel uploaded a video of the performance with the vocals auto-tuned.[47] Madonna's representatives at Live Nation were subject to a lawsuit by KAN, the Israeli public broadcaster, following the performance.[48]

Participating countries[edit]

  Participating countries in the first semi-final
  Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the first semi-final
  Participating countries in the second semi-final
  Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the second semi-final

The EBU initially announced on 7 November 2018 that 42 countries would participate in the contest, with Bulgaria opting not to participate for financial reasons.[49][50]

Ukraine announced its withdrawal from the contest on 27 February 2019, thereby reducing the number of participating countries to 41.[51]

On 6 March 2019, the EBU confirmed North Macedonia would take part for the first time under its new name, instead of the previous name of Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia which had been used since the country first participated in 1998.[52]

Returning artists[edit]

The contest featured five representatives who had performed previously as lead vocalists for the same countries. Two of them participated in 2016Sergey Lazarev represented Russia and won the semi-final, while Serhat represented San Marino in the semi-final.[53][54] Joci Pápai represented Hungary in 2017.[55] Tamara Todevska represented Macedonia (now named North Macedonia) in the 2008 semi-final, alongside Vrčak and Adrian, and backed in 2004 and 2014 for Toše Proeski and Tijana Dapčević, respectively.[56] Nevena Božović represented Serbia in the semi-final of 2013 as part of Moje 3, and in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2007. The contest also featured a former backing vocalist representing his country for the first time—Jurij Veklenko provided backup for Lithuania in 2013 and 2015.

On the other hand, previous representatives came back to provide supporting vocals for their own or another country. Mikheil Javakhishvili, Georgia's representative in 2018 as part of Ethno-Jazz Band Iriao, backed Oto Nemsadze.[57] Mikel Hennet, who represented Spain in 2007 as part of D'Nash, backed Miki.[58] Stig Rästa, Estonia's representative in 2015 alongside Elina Born, backed Victor Crone.[59] Mladen Lukić, who represented Serbia in 2018 as part of Balkanika, backed Nevena Božović.[60] Sahlene, who represented Estonia in 2002, and provided backing for her native country Sweden in 1999, for Malta in 2000 and for Australia in 2016, backed for the United Kingdom this time.[61] Jacques Houdek, who represented Croatia in 2017, backed Roko.[62] Émilie Satt, who represented France in 2018 as part of Madame Monsieur, backed Bilal Hassani.[63] Destiny Chukunyere, who won the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2015 for Malta, backed Michela.[64]

Semi-final 1[edit]

The first semi-final took place on 14 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST).[65] Seventeen countries participated in the first semi-final. Those countries plus France, Israel and Spain voted in this semi-final.[66] Ukraine was originally allocated to participate in the second half of the semi-final, but withdrew from the contest due to controversy over its national selection.[51]

  Qualifiers
Draw[67] Country[67] Artist[67] Song[67] Language(s) Place Points
01  Cyprus Tamta "Replay" English 9 149
02  Montenegro D mol "Heaven" English 16 46
03  Finland Darude feat. Sebastian Rejman "Look Away" English 17 23
04  Poland Tulia "Fire of Love (Pali się)" Polish, English 11 120
05  Slovenia Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl "Sebi" Slovene 6 167
06  Czech Republic Lake Malawi "Friend of a Friend" English 2 242
07  Hungary Joci Pápai "Az én apám" Hungarian 12 97
08  Belarus ZENA "Like It" English 10 122
09  Serbia Nevena Božović "Kruna" (Круна) Serbian[d] 7 156
10  Belgium Eliot "Wake Up" English 13 70
11  Georgia Oto Nemsadze "Keep on Going" Georgian[e] 14 62
12  Australia Kate Miller-Heidke "Zero Gravity" English 1 261
13  Iceland Hatari "Hatrið mun sigra" Icelandic 3 221
14  Estonia Victor Crone "Storm" English 4 198
15  Portugal Conan Osíris "Telemóveis" Portuguese 15 51
16  Greece Katerine Duska "Better Love" English 5 185
17  San Marino Serhat "Say Na Na Na" English[f] 8 150

Semi-final 2[edit]

The second semi-final took place on 16 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST).[65] Eighteen countries participated in the second semi-final. Those countries plus Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom voted in this semi-final. Switzerland was pre-drawn into this semi-final due to scheduling issues.[66]

  Qualifiers
Draw[68] Country[68] Artist[68] Song[68] Language(s) Place Points
01  Armenia Srbuk "Walking Out" English 16 49
02  Ireland Sarah McTernan "22" English 18 16
03  Moldova Anna Odobescu "Stay" English 12 85
04   Switzerland Luca Hänni "She Got Me" English 4 232
05  Latvia Carousel "That Night" English 15 50
06  Romania Ester Peony "On a Sunday" English 13 71
07  Denmark Leonora "Love Is Forever" English, French[g] 10 94
08  Sweden John Lundvik "Too Late for Love" English 3 238
09  Austria Pænda "Limits" English 17 21
10  Croatia Roko "The Dream" English, Croatian 14 64
11  Malta Michela "Chameleon" English 8 157
12  Lithuania Jurij Veklenko "Run with the Lions" English 11 93
13  Russia Sergey Lazarev "Scream" English 6 217
14  Albania Jonida Maliqi "Ktheju tokës" Albanian 9 96
15  Norway KEiiNO "Spirit in the Sky" English[h] 7 210
16  Netherlands Duncan Laurence "Arcade" English 1 280
17  North Macedonia Tamara Todevska "Proud" English 2 239
18  Azerbaijan Chingiz "Truth" English 5 224

Final[edit]

The final took place on 18 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST).[65] Twenty-six countries participated in the final, with all forty-one participating countries eligible to vote.

  Winner
Draw[69] Country[69] Artist[69] Song[69] Language(s) Place[70] Points
01  Malta Michela "Chameleon" English 14 107
02  Albania Jonida Maliqi "Ktheju tokës" Albanian 17 90
03  Czech Republic Lake Malawi "Friend of a Friend" English 11 157
04  Germany S!sters "Sister" English 25 24
05  Russia Sergey Lazarev "Scream" English 3 370
06  Denmark Leonora "Love Is Forever" English, French[g] 12 120
07  San Marino Serhat "Say Na Na Na" English[f] 19 77
08  North Macedonia Tamara Todevska "Proud" English 7 305
09  Sweden John Lundvik "Too Late for Love" English 5 334
10  Slovenia Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl "Sebi" Slovene 15 105
11  Cyprus Tamta "Replay" English 13 109
12  Netherlands Duncan Laurence "Arcade" English 1 498
13  Greece Katerine Duska "Better Love" English 21 74
14  Israel Kobi Marimi "Home" English 23 35
15  Norway KEiiNO "Spirit in the Sky" English[h] 6 331
16  United Kingdom Michael Rice "Bigger than Us" English 26 11
17  Iceland Hatari "Hatrið mun sigra" Icelandic 10 232
18  Estonia Victor Crone "Storm" English 20 76
19  Belarus ZENA "Like It" English 24 31
20  Azerbaijan Chingiz "Truth" English 8 302
21  France Bilal Hassani "Roi" French, English 16 105
22  Italy Mahmood "Soldi" Italian[i] 2 472
23  Serbia Nevena Božović "Kruna" (Круна) Serbian[d] 18 89
24   Switzerland Luca Hänni "She Got Me" English 4 364
25  Australia Kate Miller-Heidke "Zero Gravity" English 9 284
26  Spain Miki "La venda" Spanish 22 54

Scoreboard[edit]

Belarusian jury dismissal and incorrect aggregated vote[edit]

The Belarusian jury was dismissed following the revelation of their votes in the first semi-final, which is contrary to the rules of the Eurovision Song Contest. To comply with the contest's voting regulations, the EBU worked with its voting partner, Digame, to create a substitute aggregated result (calculated based on the results of other countries with similar voting records), which was approved by voting monitor Ernst & Young, to determine the Belarusian jury votes for the final. In these results, Israel, which did not receive points from any other jury during the final, received 12 points from Belarus.

However, Twitter user @euro_bruno noted on May 19 that it appeared an incorrect substitute Belarusian result was announced during the broadcast of the final four days earlier.[71] The mistake was confirmed in a statement issued by the EBU three days later, on 22 May 2019. According to the statement, the EBU "discovered that due to a human error an incorrect aggregated result was used. This had no impact on the calculation of points derived from televoting across the 41 participating countries and the overall winner and Top 4 songs of the Contest remain unchanged. To respect both the artists and EBU Members which took part, [they wished] to correct the grand final results in accordance with the rules."[72]

The error, a reversal of the Belarusian aggregated votes, led to the bottom ten countries receiving points instead of the top ten. Malta, which had been incorrectly ranked last, would receive Belarus' 12 jury points, and Israel would end up with no jury points. The corrected point totals also changed some rankings: Sweden finished fifth overall instead of Norway, Belarus finished 24th overall instead of Germany, San Marino ended 19th despite losing four points, and North Macedonia won the jury vote instead of Sweden.[73][74]

The mistake made by the EBU and their voting partner was widely panned by the press. Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad said the EBU had to present the new vote totals "blushing with shame", calling the situation "chaos".[75] British newspaper Metro thought the EBU had "screwed up", while the Daily Mirror named the accidental reversal of the aggregated vote total a "scandalous blunder".[76][77]

A similar situation occurred in the 1976, 1977, 1979, 1996 and 1998 contests, whereupon the results also had to be corrected after the broadcast due to an error with the votes.

The corrected results have been used in all following scoreboards (where applicable).

Semi-final 1[edit]

  Qualifiers
Semi-final 1 voting results (Jury vote)[78]
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Total score
Televoting score
Cyprus
Montenegro
Finland
Poland
Slovenia
Czech Republic
Hungary
Belarus
Serbia
Belgium
Georgia
Australia
Iceland
Estonia
Portugal
Greece
San Marino
France
Israel
Spain
Contestants
Cyprus 149 54 8 4 7 10 4 8 3 5 1 8 1 12 8 6 4 6
Montenegro 46 15 4 12 5 10
Finland 23 14 1 2 4 2
Poland 120 60 10 3 7 8 6 3 8 7 3 5
Slovenia 167 93 5 1 5 8 12 3 7 7 4 5 8 1 4 4
Czech Republic 242 85 1 3 8 7 12 10 7 10 8 12 12 10 12 12 8 3 8 6 8
Hungary 97 32 6 1 6 2 4 2 6 2 1 6 5 7 10 7
Belarus 122 44 8 8 12 4 4 3 3 10 6 7 1 4 1 7
Serbia 156 65 6 7 3 10 5 6 7 5 6 3 6 6 4 6 5 3 3
Belgium 70 20 10 2 3 6 3 2 4 10 2 3 5
Georgia 62 33 7 2 1 2 10 5 2
Australia 261 140 5 12 12 5 8 5 12 4 12 1 2 10 6 7 8 12
Iceland 221 151 8 4 4 5 4 1 1 10 10 2 2 7 12
Estonia 198 133 6 1 6 12 1 7 8 7 5 1 10 1
Portugal 51 43 3 2 2 1
Greece 185 54 12 12 7 10 5 4 5 2 6 10 7 8 4 12 5 12 10
San Marino 150 124 2 10 3 1 2 3 3 2
Semi-final 1 voting results (Televoting)[78]
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Total score
Jury score
Cyprus
Montenegro
Finland
Poland
Slovenia
Czech Republic
Hungary
Belarus
Serbia
Belgium
Georgia
Australia
Iceland
Estonia
Portugal
Greece
San Marino
France
Israel
Spain
Contestants
Cyprus 149 95 4 1 3 1 10 3 1 12 10 8 1
Montenegro 46 31 7 8
Finland 23 9 2 12
Poland 120 60 6 1 7 6 5 5 5 8 2 5 8 2
Slovenia 167 74 8 7 8 5 7 8 10 3 5 5 7 7 5 3 2 3
Czech Republic 242 157 2 3 5 5 5 4 3 1 6 1 10 12 8 4 1 4 6 5
Hungary 97 65 2 3 6 2 12 1 3 3
Belarus 122 78 6 5 2 2 3 4 7 2 6 1 2 4
Serbia 156 91 5 12 1 4 12 4 2 4 3 3 6 2 6 1
Belgium 70 50 3 1 1 4 2 5 4
Georgia 62 29 10 1 10 1 4 7
Australia 261 121 4 7 8 10 4 10 5 10 7 10 10 5 10 8 6 7 12 7
Iceland 221 70 1 6 12 12 10 6 10 12 6 7 6 12 6 8 7 7 10 3 10
Estonia 198 65 7 2 10 7 8 8 8 6 3 12 8 7 7 12 3 8 1 10 6
Portugal 51 8 3 2 8 2 4 12 12
Greece 185 131 12 1 1 2 4 4 8 5 12 3 2
San Marino 150 26 8 10 4 6 3 12 12 7 5 2 12 6 4 10 6 4 5 8

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the first semi-final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

12 points awarded by juries
N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
5  Australia  Belgium,  Finland,  Iceland,  Poland,  Spain
 Czech Republic  Australia,  Estonia,  Georgia,  Portugal,  Slovenia
4  Greece  Cyprus,  Israel,  Montenegro,  San Marino
1  Belarus  Hungary
 Cyprus  Greece
 Estonia  Belarus
 Iceland  France
 Montenegro  Serbia
 Slovenia  Czech Republic
12 points awarded by televoting
N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
4  Iceland  Australia,  Belarus,  Finland,  Poland
3  San Marino  Czech Republic,  Georgia,  Hungary
2  Estonia  Belgium,  Portugal
 Greece  Cyprus,  San Marino
 Portugal  France,  Spain
 Serbia  Montenegro,  Slovenia
1  Australia  Israel
 Cyprus  Greece
 Czech Republic  Iceland
 Finland  Estonia
 Hungary  Serbia

Semi-final 2[edit]

  Qualifiers
Semi-final 2 voting results (Jury vote)[79]
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Total score
Televoting score
Armenia
Ireland
Moldova
Switzerland
Latvia
Romania
Denmark
Sweden
Austria
Croatia
Malta
Lithuania
Russia
Albania
Norway
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Azerbaijan
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
Contestants
Armenia 49 23 2 4 2 1 1 6 6 2 2
Ireland 16 3 5 8
Moldova 85 27 5 5 12 6 2 5 5 3 2 6 3 4
Switzerland 232 137 6 10 3 4 12 7 10 5 2 5 8 8 5 2 8
Latvia 50 13 3 7 6 7 1 3 5 5
Romania 71 24 2 12 1 12 1 8 4 2 5
Denmark 94 41 3 1 2 7 2 4 3 5 3 5 12 6
Sweden 238 88 12 12 10 12 4 12 12 4 10 10 7 12 12 4 7 10
Austria 21 0 1 1 2 8 6 1 1 1
Croatia 64 38 1 5 5 2 5 8
Malta 157 50 10 4 7 4 4 5 4 2 6 3 8 6 4 10 7 6 6 10 1
Lithuania 93 77 3 6 3 3 1
Russia 217 124 7 8 1 3 6 3 7 3 8 4 8 3 7 10 12 3
Albania 96 58 2 2 5 7 12 7 3
Norway 210 170 1 7 3 6 8 5 3 4 1 2
Netherlands 280 140 4 8 12 8 8 7 10 10 8 12 12 1 4 10 6 4 10 4 2
North Macedonia 239 84 8 6 10 8 5 10 10 8 12 2 2 10 12 7 4 10 12 7 12
Azerbaijan 224 121 5 6 10 7 1 1 6 7 7 8 4 10 6 1 8 3 6 7
Semi-final 2 voting results (Televoting)[79]
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Total score
Jury score
Armenia
Ireland
Moldova
Switzerland
Latvia
Romania
Denmark
Sweden
Austria
Croatia
Malta
Lithuania
Russia
Albania
Norway
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Azerbaijan
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
Contestants
Armenia 49 26 2 10 5 6
Ireland 16 13 3
Moldova 85 58 3 12 2 5 5
Switzerland 232 95 8 6 6 3 7 6 4 12 8 12 4 4 6 7 8 2 10 12 6 6
Latvia 50 37 1 12
Romania 71 47 1 12 10 1
Denmark 94 53 1 2 2 5 10 2 1 2 3 1 8 4
Sweden 238 150 4 5 8 4 1 10 1 4 7 5 2 4 10 10 1 3 5 4
Austria 21 21
Croatia 64 26 2 5 1 1 8 1 3 3 10 1 3
Malta 157 107 7 4 3 2 2 5 2 1 3 1 4 6 2 8
Lithuania 93 16 12 5 1 10 4 7 3 1 5 12 2 2 1 12
Russia 217 93 12 7 10 3 12 8 3 3 4 3 5 10 2 4 3 7 12 7 7 2
Albania 96 38 12 3 2 3 6 2 12 4 2 12
Norway 210 40 5 10 4 10 8 5 12 12 10 10 8 8 8 12 12 3 5 10 8 10
Netherlands 280 140 10 8 7 6 7 6 8 5 6 7 10 6 7 10 5 8 8 8 3 5
North Macedonia 239 155 6 7 4 1 6 5 12 6 2 6 8 1 6 7 6 1
Azerbaijan 224 103 3 8 4 6 10 7 8 7 5 4 7 12 7 6 7 5 4 4 7

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the second semi-final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

12 points awarded by juries
N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
7  Sweden  Armenia,  Austria,  Denmark,  Ireland,  Latvia,  Netherlands,  Norway
4  North Macedonia  Albania,  Croatia,  Germany,  United Kingdom
3  Netherlands  Lithuania,  Malta,   Switzerland
2  Romania  Moldova,  Russia
1  Albania  North Macedonia
 Denmark  Italy
 Moldova  Romania
 Russia  Azerbaijan
  Switzerland  Sweden
12 points awarded by televoting
N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
4  Norway  Albania,  Denmark,  Netherlands,  Sweden
3  Albania  Italy,  North Macedonia,   Switzerland
 Lithuania  Ireland,  Norway,  United Kingdom
 Russia  Armenia,  Azerbaijan,  Latvia
  Switzerland  Austria,  Germany,  Malta
1  Azerbaijan  Russia
 Latvia  Lithuania
 Moldova  Romania
 North Macedonia  Croatia
 Romania  Moldova

Final[edit]

  Winner
Distribution of points to the top 10 countries in the final
  Televoting
  Jury votes
Final voting results (Jury vote)[80]
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Total score
Televoting score
Portugal
Azerbaijan
Malta
North Macedonia
San Marino
Netherlands
Montenegro
Estonia
Poland
Norway
Spain
Austria
United Kingdom
Italy
Albania
Hungary
Moldova
Ireland
Belarus
Armenia
Romania
Cyprus
Australia
Russia
Germany
Belgium
Sweden
Croatia
Lithuania
Serbia
Iceland
Georgia
Greece
Latvia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Finland
Switzerland
Slovenia
Israel
Contestants
Malta 107 20 10 5 8 6 4 8 1 12 4 3 6 3 2 5 1 3 1 1 4
Albania 90 47 7 2 8 7 8 1 2 2 3 3
Czech Republic 157 7 10 4 1 8 12 6 3 1 4 12 8 3 8 5 5 1 7 7 4 6 12 3 3 4 12 1
Germany 24 0 2 3 5 8 6
Russia 370 244 12 10 6 10 5 10 6 2 4 1 5 3 1 5 6 10 4 3 2 1 10 4 3 3
Denmark 120 51 7 3 2 5 4 3 12 6 4 1 1 2 7 7 1 4
San Marino 77 65 1 5 6
North Macedonia 305 58 5 8 3 1 3 7 8 10 12 12 10 12 10 12 5 10 10 7 7 4 7 10 12 8 1 8 7 10 7 7 12 2
Sweden 334 93 2 5 12 12 8 12 6 10 2 6 4 2 12 2 12 1 7 12 2 5 8 8 12 2 10 12 12 10 12 8 7 6
Slovenia 105 59 3 4 10 1 4 4 4 10 6
Cyprus 109 32 3 6 1 5 1 5 1 5 7 8 8 2 7 6 12
Netherlands 498 261 12 7 7 3 7 7 8 8 6 1 3 8 6 6 5 5 6 8 6 12 6 12 7 8 12 6 7 12 8 10 6 12
Greece 74 24 6 4 8 4 3 12 10 3
Israel 35 35
Norway 331 291 4 1 1 7 6 5 4 5 7
United Kingdom 11 3 2 2 2 1 1
Iceland 232 186 2 6 3 8 2 10 6 4 5
Estonia 76 48 5 1 6 5 1 2 8
Belarus 31 13 1 1 8 1 7
Azerbaijan 302 100 8 8 4 4 5 2 5 7 4 7 7 8 5 6 7 5 10 6 2 12 5 10 3 4 10 8 6 5 4 6 2 10 7
France 105 38 3 6 5 2 3 3 4 10 4 8 3 1 1 5 2 2 3 2
Italy 472 253 6 5 12 12 12 6 2 3 4 7 5 7 1 7 8 8 12 12 8 12 3 10 3 7 2 8 1 8 5 5 8 10
Serbia 89 54 12 4 7 2 3 1 4 2
Switzerland 364 212 1 3 2 10 10 6 3 10 5 10 3 10 4 7 4 1 6 7 10 8 5 5 3 6 2 3 5 3
Australia 284 131 7 2 10 2 4 12 10 8 6 2 10 4 12 10 4 6 2 7 10 2 4 10 4 5
Spain 54 53 1
Final voting results (Televoting)[80]
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Total score
Jury score
Portugal
Azerbaijan
Malta
North Macedonia
San Marino
Netherlands
Montenegro
Estonia
Poland
Norway
Spain
Austria
United Kingdom
Italy
Albania
Hungary
Moldova
Ireland
Belarus
Armenia
Romania
Cyprus
Australia
Russia
Germany
Belgium
Sweden
Croatia
Lithuania
Serbia
Iceland
Georgia
Greece
Latvia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Finland
Switzerland
Slovenia
Israel
Contestants
Malta 107 87 4 6 6 4
Albania 90 43 12 7 12 1 5 10
Czech Republic 157 150 1 2 2 2
Germany 24 24
Russia 370 126 10 12 4 12 10 12 3 1 2 5 8 12 7 12 5 12 12 7 10 8 1 12 8 8 8 12 12 3 4 12
Denmark 120 69 1 5 6 5 6 4 4 7 4 4 1 3 1
San Marino 77 12 10 8 8 10 6 8 1 2 1 1 10
North Macedonia 305 247 3 5 1 6 6 2 7 12 2 2 12
Sweden 334 241 6 8 3 12 6 5 2 2 8 1 2 3 8 6 10 7 4
Slovenia 105 46 2 4 7 4 2 3 5 6 3 10 10 2 1
Cyprus 109 77 7 1 12 12
Netherlands 498 237 8 7 10 7 6 1 8 10 8 8 7 4 5 7 8 6 8 10 10 12 6 6 5 7 12 6 4 7 3 5 5 6 5 4 7 5 5 6 5 2
Greece 74 50 10 2 12
Israel 35 0 1 7 3 5 4 3 12
Norway 331 40 6 1 7 5 3 12 10 8 7 8 12 10 5 10 3 12 8 5 4 1 12 10 12 7 12 5 8 4 12 8 10 12 8 10 8 6 10
United Kingdom 11 8 3
Iceland 232 46 3 1 2 7 2 5 12 10 3 6 8 7 12 1 6 7 3 5 10 7 2 3 8 3 6 5 3 2 7 6 4 1 12 7
Estonia 76 28 2 1 10 4 3 10 1 8 8 1
Belarus 31 18 5 8
Azerbaijan 302 202 2 1 4 4 3 1 2 3 1 1 3 1 3 2 10 6 6 1 12 3 5 7 4 7 5 3
France 105 67 2 4 2 1 4 1 3 3 10 1 3 4
Italy 472 219 7 6 12 3 8 10 5 7 7 12 10 8 4 5 4 3 7 8 8 5 1 6 8 4 12 10 7 6 1 10 3 2 3 10 3 12 8 8
Serbia 89 35 10 12 4 3 8 7 10
Switzerland 364 152 5 8 8 4 5 6 4 5 6 10 12 7 3 4 5 4 7 4 8 10 7 7 2 10 5 1 6 2 6 7 7 1 5 6 2 2 4 7
Australia 284 153 4 3 2 2 6 4 5 3 10 6 1 10 2 1 2 2 4 5 4 5 1 10 3 6 8 2 6 6 2 6
Spain 54 1 12 2 3 2 4 6 2 4 1 7 5 5

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

12 points awarded by juries
N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
10  Sweden  Armenia,  Australia,  Czech Republic,  Denmark,  Estonia,  Finland,  Iceland,  Ireland,  Netherlands,  Spain
6  Italy  Belgium,  Croatia,  Germany,  Malta,  North Macedonia,  San Marino
 Netherlands  France,  Israel,  Latvia,  Lithuania,  Portugal,  Sweden
 North Macedonia  Albania,  Austria,  Moldova,  Serbia,   Switzerland,  United Kingdom
4  Czech Republic  Georgia,  Hungary,  Norway,  Slovenia
2  Australia  Poland,  Romania
1  Azerbaijan  Russia
 Cyprus  Greece
 Denmark  Italy
 Greece  Cyprus
 Malta  Belarus
 Russia  Azerbaijan
 Serbia  Montenegro
12 points awarded by televoting
N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
11  Russia  Albania,  Armenia,  Azerbaijan,  Belarus,  Czech Republic,  Estonia,  Israel,  Latvia,  Lithuania,  Moldova,  San Marino
8  Norway  Australia,  Denmark,  Germany,  Iceland,  Ireland,  Netherlands,  Sweden,  United Kingdom
4  Italy  Croatia,  Malta,  Spain,   Switzerland
3  Iceland  Finland,  Hungary,  Poland
2  Albania  Italy,  North Macedonia
 Cyprus  Georgia,  Greece
 Netherlands  Belgium,  Romania
 North Macedonia  Serbia,  Slovenia
1  Azerbaijan  Russia
 Greece  Cyprus
 Israel  France
 Serbia  Montenegro
 Spain  Portugal
 Sweden  Norway
  Switzerland  Austria

Other countries[edit]

Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that will be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network. The EBU issued an invitation to participate in the contest to all fifty-six of its active members. The Israeli Minister of Communications Ayoob Kara also invited countries from the Middle Eastern and North African region. With some Israel largely had tense relationships and others no diplomatic relations at all. Kara pointed out Tunisia and the Gulf states Saudi Arabia as well as Dubai and Abu Dhabi as part of the United Arab Emirates were invited.[81][82] Tunisia is eligible to participate but has not due to rules banning the promotion of Israeli content, while the Gulf states do not have national broadcasters with EBU membership.

Active EBU members[edit]

  •  Andorra – Despite being absent for 10 years, local media reported that Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) was still interested in returning to the contest, but the principality's failure to make the final along with the cost was discouraging the broadcaster from participating. For a return to take place, RTVA would need funding from the Andorran Government.[83] On 19 May 2018, Andorra confirmed they would not return in 2019.[84]
  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina – On 25 May 2018, the Bosnian broadcaster, Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT), stated the country would not be allowed to return to the contest in 2019 until debt-related sanctions placed on them by the EBU are lifted. Bosnia and Herzegovina last took part in 2016.[85]
  •  Bulgaria – Despite confirming their preliminary participation in the 2019 contest, Bulgarian National Television (BNT) announced on 13 October 2018 that many members of the delegation were moving onto other projects,[86] and on 15 October 2018, BNT announced that they were not entering into the 2019 contest because of financial difficulties.[50]
  •  Luxembourg – On 21 July 2018, the Luxembourgish broadcaster RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (RTL) announced they would not return to the contest in 2019. Luxembourg last took part in 1993.[87]
  •  Monaco – On 17 August 2018, the Monégasque broadcaster Télé Monte Carlo (TMC) announced they would not return to the contest in 2019. Monaco last took part in 2006.[88]
  •  Slovakia – On 31 May 2018, the Slovak broadcaster Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska (RTVS) announced the country would not return to the contest in 2019 due to financial difficulties. Slovakia last took part in 2012.[89]
  •  Turkey – Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım said in an interview that Turkey had no plans to return to the contest.[90] On 4 August 2018, İbrahim Eren, general manager of Türkiye Radyo Televizyon Kurumu (TRT), said that at the moment the broadcaster was not considering returning to the contest for various reasons, including Conchita Wurst's victory for Austria in 2014. Turkey last took part in 2012.[91][92]
  •  Ukraine – On 27 February 2019, UA:PBC announced the withdrawal of the country from the contest, because of the controversy surrounding their national selection.[51] Despite this, the channel still broadcast the show.[93]

Associate EBU members[edit]

  •  Kazakhstan – On 22 December 2017, the Ministry of Culture and Sport claimed that Channel 31 had finalised negotiations with the EBU, allowing Kazakhstan to debut in 2019;[94] however, on 23 December 2017, the EBU told Esctoday that "Channel 31 Kazakhstan has indeed expressed interest in becoming a member of the EBU and hence participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. However, since Channel 31 is outside the European Broadcasting Area and is also not a member of the Council of Europe, it is not eligible to become an active member of the EBU."[95][96] On 25 July 2018, it was announced that Kazakhstan will participate in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018, thus making a debut in 2019 possible.[97] On 30 July 2018, the EBU stated that the decision to invite Kazakhstan was made solely by the Junior Eurovision reference group, and there were no current plans to invite associate members other than Australia.[98] On 22 November 2018, Jon Ola Sand said in a press conference that "we need to discuss if we can invite our associate member Kazakhstan to take part in adult ESC in the future, but this is part of a broader discussion in the EBU and I hope we can get back to you on this issue later."[99] However, he later clarified that Kazakhstan would not have an entry in the 2019 edition.[100]

Non-EBU members[edit]

  •  Kosovo – In June 2018, RTK general director Mentor Shala said that they were pushing for full membership to still be able to take part in the 2019 contest.[101] However, in December 2018, RTK's membership vote was delayed until June 2019.[102]
  •  Liechtenstein – On 4 November 2017, 1 Fürstentum Liechtenstein Television (1 FL TV), the national broadcaster of the Principality of Liechtenstein, confirmed that the country were planning a debut in the 2019 contest, and that they were applying for EBU membership and are "in [the] process of complying all requirements".[103] They also reiterated their intention to select the participant through a national selection process in the form of Liechtenstein Music Contest "open to any form of music".[104] However, on 20 July 2018, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) stated that 1 FL TV had not applied for EBU membership.[105] On 26 July 2018, 1 FL TV confirmed that Liechtenstein would not debut at the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 due to the sudden death of the broadcaster's director, Peter Kölbel.[106]

Broadcasters, commentators and spokespersons[edit]

The European Broadcasting Union provided international live streams of both semi-finals and the final through their official YouTube channel with no commentary. The live streams were geo-blocked to viewers in Bolivia, Canada, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Uruguay, United States and Venezuela due to "rights limitations." After the live broadcasts, all three shows were made available for every country listed above, except the United States and Canada.[107]

Spokespersons[edit]

The spokespersons announced the 12-point score from their respective country's national jury in the following order:[108][109]

  1.  Portugal – Inês Lopes Gonçalves
  2.  Azerbaijan – Faig Agayev
  3.  Malta – Ben Camille (Co-host of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2016)
  4.  North Macedonia – Nikola Trajkovski
  5.  San Marino – Monica Fabbri
  6.  Netherlands – Emma Wortelboer
  7.  Montenegro – Ajda Šufta
  8.  Estonia – Kelly Sildaru
  9.  Poland – Mateusz Szymkowiak
  10.  Norway – Alexander Rybak (Winner of the 2009 contest; Norwegian representative in 2018)
  11.  Spain – Nieves Álvarez
  12.  Austria – Philipp Hansa
  13.  United Kingdom – Rylan Clark-Neal
  14.  Italy – Ema Stokholma
  15.  Albania – Andri Xhahu
  16.  Hungary – Bence Forró
  17.  Moldova – Doina Stimpovschi
  18.  Ireland – Sinéad Kennedy
  19.  Belarus – Maria Vasilevich
  20.  Armenia – Aram MP3 (Armenian representative in 2014)
  21.  Romania – Ilinca (Romanian representative in 2017)
  22.  Cyprus – Hovig (Cypriot representative in 2017)
  23.  Australia – Electric Fields
  24.  Russia – Ivan Bessonov (Winner of Eurovision Young Musicians 2018)
  25.  Germany – Barbara Schöneberger
  26.  Belgium – David Jeanmotte
  27.  Sweden – Eric Saade (Swedish representative in 2011)
  28.  Croatia – Monika Lelas Halambek
  29.  Lithuania – Giedrius Masalskis
  30.  Serbia – Dragana Kosjerina
  31.  Iceland – Jóhannes Haukur Jóhannesson
  32.  Georgia – Gaga Abashidze (Georgian representative in 2018 as part of Iriao)
  33.  Greece – Gus G
  34.  Latvia – Laura Rizzotto (Latvian representative in 2018)
  35.  Czech Republic – Radka Rosická
  36.  Denmark – Rasmussen (Danish representative in 2018)
  37.  France – Julia Molkhou
  38.  Finland – Christoffer Strandberg
  39.   Switzerland – Sinplus (Swiss representatives in 2012)
  40.  Slovenia – Lea Sirk (Slovene representative in 2018)
  41.  Israel – Izhar Cohen (Winner of the 1978 contest; Israeli representative in 1985)

Broadcasters and commentators[edit]

Countries may add commentary from commentators working on-location or remotely at the broadcaster. Commentators can add insight to the participating entries and the provision of voting information.

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Show(s) Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Albania All shows RTSH, RTSH Muzikë and Radio Tirana Andri Xhahu [110]
 Armenia All shows Armenia 1 and Public Radio of Armenia Aram Mp3 and Avet Barseghyan [111]
 Australia All shows SBS Myf Warhurst and Joel Creasey [112]
 Austria All shows ORF1 Andi Knoll [113]
 Azerbaijan All shows iTV Murad Arif [114]
 Belarus All shows Belarus 1 and Belarus 24 Evgeny Perlin [115]
 Belgium All shows La Une French: Maureen Louys and Jean-Louis Lahaye [116]
1st semi-final and final Eén Dutch: Peter Van de Veire [117][118][119]
2nd semi-final Ketnet
 Croatia All shows HRT 1 and HR 2 Duško Ćurlić [120][121][122]
 Cyprus All shows CyBC Evridiki and Tasos Trifonos [123]
 Czech Republic Both semi-finals ČT2 Libor Bouček [124]
Final ČT1
 Denmark All shows DR1 Ole Tøpholm [125]
 Estonia All shows ETV Estonian: Marko Reikop [126]
ETV+ Russian: Aleksandr Hobotov and Julia Kalenda [127]
 Finland All shows Yle TV2 Finnish: Mikko Silvennoinen and Krista Siegfrids [128]
Swedish: Johan Lindroos and Eva Frantz
Both semi-finals Yle Radio Suomi Finnish: Sanna Pirkkalainen and Toni Laaksonen
Final Finnish: Sanna Pirkkalainen and Sami Sykkö
 France Both semi-finals France 4 André Manoukian and Sandy Herebert [129][130]
Final France 2 Stéphane Bern and André Manoukian
 Georgia Both semi–finals First Channel Helen Kalandadze and Gaga Abashidze [131][132]
Final Helen Kalandadze, Gaga Abashidze and Nodiko Tatishvili
 Germany Both semi–finals One Peter Urban [133][134][135][136]
Final One, Das Erste, and Deutsche Welle
 Greece All shows ERT2 and ERT Sports HD Giorgos Kapoutzidis and Maria Kozakou [137][138][139][140]
1st semi-final and final Voice of Greece
 Hungary All shows Duna Bogi Dallos and Freddie [141]
 Iceland All shows RÚV Icelandic: Gísli Marteinn Baldursson [142]
Both semi–finals RÚV 2 English: Alex Elliott [143][144]
Final RÚV.is
 Ireland Both semi-finals RTÉ2 Marty Whelan [145][146]
Final RTÉ One
2nd semi-final RTÉ Radio 1 Neil Doherty and Zbyszek Zalinski
Final RTÉ 2fm
 Israel All shows Kan 11 and Kan 88 Sharon Taicher and Eran Zarachowicz [147]
 Italy Both semi-finals Rai 4 and Rai Radio 2 Federico Russo and Ema Stokholma [148][149][150][151]
Final Rai 1 Federico Russo and Flavio Insinna
Rai Radio 2 Ema Stokholma and Gino Castaldo
 Latvia All shows LTV Toms Grēviņš and Ketija Šēnberga [152]
 Lithuania All shows LRT televizija and LRT Radijas Darius Užkuraitis and Gerūta Griniūtė [153]
 Malta 2nd semi-final and final PBS N/A [154][155][156]
 Moldova All shows Moldova 1 [154][155][156]
 Montenegro All shows TVCG 1 and TVCG SAT Dražen Bauković and Tijana Mišković [157]
 Netherlands All shows NPO 1 Jan Smit and Cornald Maas [158]
Final NPO Radio 2 Wouter van der Goes and Frank van 't Hof [159]
 North Macedonia All shows MRT 1 Toni Cifrovski [160]
 Norway All shows NRK1 Olav Viksmo-Slettan [161]
Final NRK3 Ronny Brede Aase, Silje Nordnes and Markus Neby [162]
NRK P1 Ole-Christian Øen [163]
 Poland All shows TVP1 and TVP Polonia Artur Orzech [164]
 Portugal All shows RTP1 and RTP Internacional José Carlos Malato and Nuno Galopim [165]
 Romania All shows TVR1, TVR HD and TVRi Liana Stanciu and Bogdan Stănescu [166]
 Russia All shows Russia-1 and Russia HD Dmitry Guberniev and Olga Shelest [167]
 San Marino All shows San Marino RTV and Radio San Marino Lia Fiorio and Gigi Restivo [168]
 Serbia 1st semi-final and final RTS1, RTS HD and RTS Svet Duška Vučinić [169][170][171]
2nd semi-final Tamara Petković and Katarina Epštajn
Final Radio Beograd 1 Nikoleta Dojčinović and Katarina Epštajn
 Slovenia Both semi-finals TV Slovenija 2 Andrej Hofer [172][173]
Final TV Slovenija 1
 Spain Both semi-finals La 2 Tony Aguilar and Julia Varela [174][175]
Final La 1
Radio Nacional, Radio 5, Radio Exterior Daniel Galindo
 Sweden All shows SVT1 Charlotte Perrelli and Edward af Sillén [176]
SR P4 Carolina Norén and Björn Kjellman
  Switzerland Both semi-finals SRF zwei German: Sven Epiney [177]
Final SRF 1
Both semi-finals RTS Deux French: Jean-Marc Richard, Nicolas Tanner [178]
Final RTS Un French: Jean-Marc Richard, Nicolas Tanner and Bastian Baker
2nd semi-final RSI La 2 Italian: Clarissa Tami and Sebalter [179]
Final RSI La 1
 United Kingdom Both semi-finals BBC Four Scott Mills and Rylan Clark-Neal [180]
Final BBC One Graham Norton
BBC Radio 2 Ken Bruce [181]
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Show(s) Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Canada All shows Omni Television N/A [j]
 Kazakhstan All shows Khabar Agency Kaldybek Zhaysanbay and Mahabbat Esen [187]
 Kosovo All shows RTK Agron Krasniqi and Alma Bektashi [188]
 Slovakia Final Rádio FM N/A [189]
 Ukraine All shows UA:First Timur Miroshnychenko [190]
STB Serhiy Prytula
 United States Final WJFD-FM Ewan Spence, Samantha Ross and Bernardo Pereira [191]
All shows Netflix N/A [k]

Incidents[edit]

Religious requests[edit]

On 14 May 2018, Yaakov Litzman, leader of the ultra-Orthodox party United Torah Judaism and Israel's former Minister of Health, drafted a letter to the Ministers of Tourism, Communications, and Culture and Sports, in which he requested the event not violate religious laws: "In the name of hundreds of thousands of Jewish citizens from all the populations and communities for whom Shabbat (the holy sabbath) observance is close to their hearts, I appeal to you, already at this early stage, before production and all the other details of the event has begun, to be strict [in ensuring] that this matter does not harm the holiness of Shabbat and to work in every way to prevent the desecration of Shabbat, God forbid, as the law and the status quo requires".[197] According to Jewish religious law, Shabbat is observed from just before sunset on Friday evening until Saturday night. The Saturday evening broadcast of the show, which were to start at 22:00 local time, would not conflict with this. However, the Friday evening jury show and Saturday afternoon rehearsals would. Similar protests arose in the lead-up to the 1999 Israeli-held contest, but then there were fewer competing delegations, which allowed for certain adjustments to be made to accommodate the issue. The chairman of the Eurovision Song Contest Reference Group (the Contest's executive board), Dr. Frank-Dieter Freiling, noted that he was well aware of the tension, and had plans to address it in his communications with the Israeli broadcaster.[198] Shalva Band, who performed as the interval act during the second semi-final, withdrew from Israel's national final citing similar concerns on possibly performing during Shabbat in the rehearsals for the final, should they have won.[199]

Calls for boycott[edit]

The possibility of Jerusalem being the venue for an Israeli-hosted contest led many proponents of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement to call on their national broadcasters to boycott the competition because of Israel's policies towards Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza.[200] This included members of the Australian Greens party,[201] Sinn Féin,[202] the Irish Alternative,[203] Sweden's Left Party[204] and many entertainers including 1994 contest winner Charlie McGettigan.[205] Icelandic broadcaster RÚV met to discuss a boycott in response to a petition of 23,000 signatures,[206] but ultimately neither RÚV nor any other broadcaster withdrew from the contest in response to boycott calls. In the event, viewing figures for the contest dropped to the joint lowest level since 2013.[207]

Several national selections were disrupted by BDS supporters calling for a boycott in the lead-up to the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest. This included the second semi-final of France's Destination Eurovision, which was invaded by stage intruders who held up signs advocating a boycott;[208] and selection events in Spain,[209] Germany, and Denmark[210] were all targeted by protesters outside the venues calling for a boycott.[210] The EBU later sent a special letter to all participating broadcasters advising precautions they could take to prevent similar disruptions.[211] An opinion piece in Sweden's largest newspaper Aftonbladet, calling for a boycott of the contest and other cultural exchanges with Israel, was signed by 171 Swedish professionals in the cultural sector.[212]

In March 2019, LGBT activist groups Al Qaws and Pinkwatching Israel called for a boycott of the song contest in opposition to Israeli "pinkwashing".[213] In late April 2019, over 100 celebrities including Stephen Fry and Sharon Osbourne signed a joint statement against boycotting Eurovision in Israel.[214]

Late Ukrainian withdrawal[edit]

During the final of the Ukrainian national selection on 23 February 2019, it was announced that the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine (UA:PBC) had reserved the right to change the decision made by the jury and the Ukrainian public. Following Maruv's win, it was reported the broadcaster had sent a contract to her management, requiring her to cancel all upcoming appearances and performances in Russia to represent Ukraine. She was also given 48 hours to sign the contract or be replaced.[215]

On 24 February 2019, Maruv revealed the contract sent to her by UA:PBC had also banned her from improvising on stage and communicating with any journalist without the permission of the broadcaster, and required her to fully comply with any requests from the broadcaster. Later, the broadcaster published a statement explaining every entry of the contract.[216] If she failed to follow any of these clauses, she would be fined 2 million (~€65,500). Maruv also said the broadcaster would not give her any financial compensation for the competition and would not pay for her trip to Tel Aviv.[217]

On 25 February 2019, both Maruv and UA:PBC confirmed she would not represent Ukraine in the contest due to disputes over the contract, and that another act would be chosen.[218] National final runner-up Freedom Jazz announced on 26 February 2019 they had also rejected the broadcaster's offer to represent Ukraine as did third-place finisher Kazka the following day.[219][220] The incident garnered media coverage from major international outlets, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, Billboard, The Telegraph, The Independent, SBS News, The Irish Independent, Le Figaro, Cosmopolitan, and ABC.[221] On 27 February 2019, UA:PBC announced its withdrawal from the contest.[51]

Ticket sales controversy[edit]

The ticket prices for the year's event sparked criticism, both in Israel and abroad,[222] with The Times of Israel calling them "likely the most expensive ever for Eurovision".[223] Explanations for the high prices included the high cost of living in Israel and the fact that the Israeli government was not subsidising the Eurovision production.[224][225] Although the venue could hold up to 10,000 people, only 7,300 seats were available because of the size of the stage, the technical equipment and the security features. Of those 7,300 seats, 3,000 had been reserved for the EBU, leaving only 4,300 for fans so that demand exceeded supply.[226]

On 3 March 2019, ticket sales were frozen because of irregularities noticed by the Oversight Committee of Israeli broadcaster KAN. Hebrew-language Israeli media reported tickets being illegally resold for more than twice their original price. Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan ordered an investigation into the situation.[227]

On 14 March 2019, tickets sales resumed. According to KAN, 220 improperly-purchased tickets to the final live show were revoked and were sold again in the second round of ticket sales.[228]

Technical issues[edit]

Cyber attack during semi-final 1[edit]

KAN suffered a cyber attack by a group of hackers that affected the broadcaster's accessibility livestreams of the first semi-final.[229] The hackers were able to briefly show anti-Israeli statements on the streams such as "Israel is not safe, you will see" and "Risk of missile attack, please take shelter".[230] The incident was investigated by both the broadcaster and the EBU. KAN released a statement regarding the incident saying: "The problem was fixed quickly, and it seems that during the first semi-finals a site was hacked here for a few minutes, and we believe that the messages were not seen by many people."[231]

Semi-final 1 technical issues[edit]

Multiple broadcasters around Europe reported various issues during the live broadcast of the first semi-final.[232] Viewers reported a loss of commentary from Tel Aviv in the Netherlands and North Macedonia.[232] The Polish public broadcaster, TVP, had to replace their regular commentator Artur Orzech who was in Tel Aviv with another person who was based in Warsaw because viewers were unable to hear Orzech.[232] Germany and the United Kingdom lost a portion of the show. On BBC Four, which broadcast the semi-finals in the UK, the programme cut out as the recap of the qualifiers of the first semi-final began to play, and was replaced by the message "We are sorry for the break in this programme and are trying to correct the fault."[233] while the French broadcaster France Télévisions experienced audio issues during the Portuguese and Belgian performances.[232] Similar technical issues happened during the 2011 contest.

KEiiNO's jury final performance[edit]

External video
video icon Camera issues during Keiino's jury show performance, YouTube video

During Norway's jury final performance, two technical issues occurred in a short time. The screen turned black while KEiiNO performed their song "Spirit in the Sky". When the picture returned the camera operator was seen in the picture. NRK complained to EBU and requested a new run through, but the EBU rejected the complaints.[234][235][236]

Jury vote issues[edit]

Following the reveal of the detailed jury voting, it emerged that three jurors appeared to have voted backwards in their semi-finals. In the first semi-final, Czech juror Jitka Zelenková ranked Portugal as her favourite entry, Slovenia as her least-favourite entry, and ranked Estonia as fourteenth on her list; this was directly opposite to the other Czech jurors, who all ranked Slovenia first and two who ranked Portugal last. In the final, Zelenková's rankings changed dramatically; she listed Estonia as her fourth favourite and Slovenia as her sixth favourite. Neither Zelenková, the Czech broadcaster Česká televize (ČT), nor the EBU have confirmed that her semi-final votes were reversed, but if this were true Poland would have qualified to the final instead of Belarus.[237]

Swedish juror Lina Hedlund also appeared to have voted backwards in the second semi-final. She ranked the Netherlands and Switzerland as her favourite entries in the final, but ranked them as her two least-favourite entries in the semi-final. Additionally, Hedlund ranked Austria her favourite entry in the semi-final, which led Austria to receive eight points from Sweden. Neither Hedlund, the Swedish broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT), nor the EBU have commented on the incident.[238][239][240]

The second semi-final also seemed to have Russian juror Igor Gulyaev casting his votes in reverse order. In the semi-final, Gulyaev ranked Denmark first and Azerbaijan last, although he reversed this placement in the final. He also ranked Albania as his second least favourite entry in the semi-final, but as his second favourite in the final. If his and Hedlund's votes were reversed, it would have had no impact on the result other than minor differences in the number of points received by each country.[241][242]

This was the second year in which a juror accidentally submitted their votes backwards. In the 2016 contest, Danish juror Hilda Heick ranked the entries backwards, resulting in Ukraine receiving 12 points from Denmark instead of Australia.[238]

Political demonstrations during the final[edit]

The organisation of the Eurovision Song Contest in Israel faced protests due to the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict, and not exclusively outside the venue.

During Madonna's interval performance in the final where she sang "Like a Prayer" and "Future", the singer directed a monologue (part of her song "Dark Ballet") to backup dancers wearing gas masks between the two songs, alluding to the "[storm] inside of us", saying "they think we are not aware of their crimes. We know, but we're just not ready to act". This was interpreted as a reference to the conflict. During "Future", two dancers—one wearing an Israeli the second a Palestine flag on the back of their costumes—were seen holding each other while guest vocalist Quavo sang the lyrics: "Not everyone is coming to the future, not everyone is learning from the past". Madonna later stated that the use of Israeli and Palestinian flags was not a pro-Palestine demonstration, but a call for unity and peace.[243]

While receiving their points from the televotes, members of the Icelandic entry Hatari were seen showing banners that included the Palestinian flag.[244][245] There had previously been concerns that the self-described anti-capitalist group would use their performance to protest the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territory[246] and the band had previously received warnings from the EBU about statements they had made prior to the contest.[247] After the contest, the EBU stated that "the consequences of this action will be discussed by the Reference Group after the Contest".[248] Hatari subsequently announced a collaboration with Palestinian artist Bashar Murad for their next single.[249] The Icelandic broadcaster RÚV was eventually handed a €5,000-fine for the incident.[250]

Other awards[edit]

In addition to the main winner's trophy, the Marcel Bezençon Awards and the Barbara Dex Award were contested during the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest. The OGAE (French: Organisation Générale des Amateurs de l'Eurovision, English: General Organisation of Eurovision Fans) voting poll also took place before the contest.

Marcel Bezençon Awards[edit]

The Marcel Bezençon Awards honour the best competing songs in the final. Named after the founder of the contest, the awards were created and first handed at the 2002 contest by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the 1992 contest and the country's current Head of Delegation), and Richard Herrey (a member of the Herreys who won the 1984 contest for Sweden).[251] The awards are divided into three categories: Artistic Award, Composers Award, and Press Award.[252] The winners are revealed shortly before the Eurovision final.

Category Country Song Performer(s) Composer(s)
Artistic Award  Australia "Zero Gravity" Kate Miller-Heidke Kate Miller-Heidke, Keir Nuttall, Julian Hamilton
Composers Award  Italy "Soldi" Mahmood Mahmood, Dario "Dardust" Faini, Charlie Charles
Press Award  Netherlands "Arcade" Duncan Laurence Duncan Laurence, Joel Sjöö, Wouter Hardy, Will Knox

OGAE[edit]

OGAE is an international organisation which conducts a voting poll for the favourite songs among its members before the annual contest. It consists of a network of over 40 Eurovision Song Contest fan clubs across Europe and beyond.[253][254] The top five overall results, after all of the votes had been cast are shown below.[255]

Country Performer(s) Song OGAE result
 Italy Mahmood "Soldi" 411
  Switzerland Luca Hänni "She Got Me" 406
 Netherlands Duncan Laurence "Arcade" 401
 Norway KEiiNO "Spirit in the Sky" 224
 Cyprus Tamta "Replay" 218

Barbara Dex Award[edit]

The Barbara Dex Award is a humorous fan award given each year to the artist who wore the most notable outfit. First awarded in 1997, the award originally highlighted the worst-dressed artists in the competition, until this criterion was changed in 2019. Named after Belgium's representative who came last in the 1993 contest, wearing her self-designed dress, the award was handed by the fansite House of Eurovision from 1997 to 2016 and is being carried out by the fansite Songfestival.be since 2017.

Place Country Performer(s)
1  Portugal Conan Osíris
2  Cyprus Tamta
3  Belarus ZENA
4  Belgium Eliot
5  North Macedonia Tamara Todevska

Official album[edit]

Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019
Compilation album by
Released26 April 2019
GenrePop
Length
  • 62:36 (CD 1)
  • 59:34 (CD 2)
LabelUniversal
Eurovision Song Contest chronology
Eurovision Song Contest: Lisbon 2018
(2018)
Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019
(2019)
Eurovision: A Tribute to the Artists and Songs 2020
(2020)

Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019 is the official compilation album of the contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and released by Universal Music Group digitally on 12 April 2019 and physically on 26 April 2019.[256][257] The album features all 41 entries including the semi-finalists that failed to qualify for the final.

Charts[edit]

Chart (2019) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[258] 13
German Compilation Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[259] 2
Irish Compilation Albums (IRMA)[260] 2
UK Compilation Albums (OCC)[261] 3

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Despite the fact that no countries finished the competition with 0 points, Israel failed to score points from the professional juries, while Germany failed to score points from the public televote.
  2. ^ Ukraine withdrew approximately a month after the semi-final allocation draw.
  3. ^ Switzerland, which had been allocated to pot five, was pre-allocated to compete in the second semi-final at the request of Swiss broadcaster SRF.
  4. ^ a b Contains two repeated lines in English
  5. ^ Contains an idiom in Abkhaz
  6. ^ a b Contains phrases in Turkish
  7. ^ a b Also contains lines in Danish and German
  8. ^ a b Contains one repeated line in Northern Sami
  9. ^ Contains two lines in Arabic
  10. ^ Omni Television aired all three shows on a six hour delay with no commentary.[182][183][184][185][186]
  11. ^ Netflix, an over-the-top video on demand service, signed an agreement with the EBU in July 2019 that would allow them to distribute the 2019 contest on their service in the United States.[192] All three shows were added to the platform on 22 July 2019 with no commentary.[193][194][195][196]

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