Eurovision Song Contest 2019
|Eurovision Song Contest 2019|
|Dare to Dream|
|Semi-final 1||14 May 2019|
|Semi-final 2||16 May 2019|
|Final||18 May 2019|
|Venue||Expo Tel Aviv|
Tel Aviv, Israel
|Directed by||Amir Ukrainitz|
|Executive supervisor||Jon Ola Sand|
|Executive producer||Zivit Davidovich|
|Host broadcaster||Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC)|
|Number of entries||41|
|Non-returning countries|| Bulgaria|
|Voting system||Each country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to 10 songs: the first–from a professional jury, the second–from viewers.|
|Winning song|| Netherlands|
The Eurovision Song Contest 2019 was the 64th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Tel Aviv, Israel, following the country's victory at the 2018 contest with the song "Toy" by Netta. It was the third time Israel had hosted the contest, having previously done so in 1979 and 1999 – both times in Jerusalem. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC), the contest was held at Expo Tel Aviv, and consisted of two semi-finals on 14 and 16 May, and the final on 18 May 2019. The three live shows were presented by Erez Tal, Bar Refaeli, Assi Azar and Lucy Ayoub.
Forty-one countries took part in the contest. Though Bulgaria and Ukraine had participated the previous year, they were absent for 2019. Members of Bulgaria's delegation had been moved to other projects, while Ukraine, which had originally planned to participate, ultimately withdrew as a result of a controversy surrounding their national final. No countries debuted at the contest nor did any return from an absence.
The winner was the Netherlands with the song "Arcade", performed by Duncan Laurence and written by Laurence along with Joel Sjöö, Wouter Hardy and Will Knox. This was the Netherlands' fifth victory in the contest, following their wins in 1957, 1959, 1969 and 1975. This was the second time since the introduction of professional jury voting in 2009 that the overall winner won neither the jury vote, which was won by North Macedonia, nor the televote, which was won by Norway, with the Netherlands placing third in the jury vote and second in the televote. Italy, Russia, Switzerland and Sweden rounded out the top five, although, due to an error in the voting at the contest, Norway were placed fifth and Sweden sixth – this was corrected three days after the contest. Further down the table, North Macedonia and San Marino achieved their best results to date, finishing 7th and 19th respectively. Israel finished 23rd in the final, making it the fourth time that the host country ranked in the bottom five since 2015.
The EBU reported that the contest had an audience of 182 million viewers in 40 European markets, a decrease of 4 million viewers from the previous edition. However, an increase of two percent in the 15–24 year old age range was reported.
The lead-up to the contest was met with controversy on multiple fronts, primarily on issues surrounding the Israeli–Palestinian conflict; this eventually led to demonstrations by interval act performer Madonna and Icelandic entrants Hatari during the live broadcast of the final.
The 2019 contest took place in Tel Aviv, Israel, following the country's victory at the 2018 edition with the song "Toy", performed by Netta Barzilai. It was the third time Israel hosted the contest, after having hosted the 1979 and 1999 contests in Jerusalem. The selected venue was Expo Tel Aviv's 7,300-seat congress and convention centre in "Bitan 2" (Pavilion 2), which was opened in January 2015. Located on Rokach Boulevard in northern Tel Aviv, the convention centre serves as a venue for many events, including concerts, exhibitions, trade fairs, and conferences. The fairground has ten halls and pavilions, plus a large outdoor space. The new pavilion had recently hosted the 2018 European Judo Championships from 26–28 April.
After Israel's victory in the 2018 contest in Lisbon, Portugal, Netta Barzilai and the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated that the 2019 contest would be held in Jerusalem, but this was yet to be confirmed by the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC/KAN) and the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Israeli finance minister Moshe Kahlon also said in an interview the event would be held solely in Jerusalem and estimated its cost at 120 million Israeli shekels (approximately €29 million). The mayor of Jerusalem, Nir Barkat, mentioned Jerusalem Arena and Teddy Stadium as possible venues to host the event. The municipality of Jerusalem confirmed that because it lacked the seating capacity, the contest would not be held at the International Convention Centre, which had hosted the contest in 1979 and 1999.
On 18 June 2018, Netanyahu stated that Israel had committed to remaining in compliance with EBU rules regarding the constitution of member broadcasters, so as not to affect its hosting of Eurovision. The IPBC's establishment included a condition that news programming would be delegated later to a second public broadcasting entity. This would have violated EBU rules requiring member broadcasters to have their own internal news departments.
The following day, Israel was officially confirmed as the host country, and on 24 June 2018, KAN formally opened the bidding process for cities interested in hosting the 2019 contest. Israeli minister Michael Oren stated that Jerusalem did not have the resources to host the contest on 28 July, reiterating that Tel Aviv was the more likely host.
Soon afterwards, reports surfaced of the government not providing the €12 million downpayment requested by KAN to cover hosting expenses and security. Following a tense back-and-forth between KAN and the government, a compromise between the two parties was reached on 29 July 2018 that would see KAN paying the €12 million to the EBU and the Finance Ministry covering expenses should complications arise. The Mayor of Tel Aviv Ron Huldai announced the city would be willing to pay for the convention centre itself, should it be chosen as the host city.
In the week of 27 August 2018, executive supervisor Jon Ola Sand led a handful of EBU delegates around Israel to look at potential venues in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv and to hear the bid from Eilat. On 30 August 2018, Sand said in an interview with KAN that Eilat was no longer in the running to host, leaving it between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. He added there was no serious discussion among members of the EBU about boycotting the event.
On 13 September 2018, the EBU announced Tel Aviv as the host city, with Expo Tel Aviv as the chosen venue for the 2019 contest.
Key:Host venue Shortlisted venues
|Eilat||Hangars on the port||Proposal intended to connect two hangars to a hall, in order to meet the EBU's capacity and venue requirements.|
|Haifa||Sammy Ofer Stadium||Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.|
|Jerusalem||Pais Arena ‡||Indoor arena similar to the venues of recent contests. It was Jerusalem's preferred venue, in case they were chosen to be the host city.|
|Teddy Stadium||Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.|
|Tel Aviv||Expo Tel Aviv, Pavilion 2 †||The IPBC expected Pavilion 2 to have room for up to 9,000 attendees, while an additional 1,500 fans will be able to gather in the greenroom.|
Located at the Charles Clore Park in Tel Aviv, the Eurovision Village was the official Eurovision Song Contest fan and sponsors' area during the events week. It was open from 12 to 18 May 2019. There it was possible to watch performances by local artists, as well as the live shows broadcast from the main venue.
The EuroClub was located at Hangar 11 in Tel Aviv Port and was the venue for the official after-parties and private performances by contest participants. Unlike the Eurovision Village, access to the EuroClub was restricted to accredited fans, delegates, and press.
The "Orange Carpet" event, where the contestants and their delegations are presented before the accredited press and fans, took place at Habima Square in central Tel Aviv on 12 May 2019, followed by the Opening Ceremony at the Charles Bronfman Auditorium.
The contest's slogan, "Dare to Dream", was unveiled on 28 October 2018, while the official logo and branding were revealed on 8 January 2019. Designed by Awesome Tel Aviv and Studio Adam Feinberg, it consists of layered triangles designed to resemble a star, reflecting "the stars of the future" coming to Tel Aviv.
Filmed between March and April 2019, and directed by Toy's music video director Keren Hochma, the postcards involved the act travelling to a location in Israel that resembles that of their own country. An imaginary play button circled above the act's head, and, when the act pressed it, they performed a themed dance and threw the play button towards the screen, afterwards, it "flies over" to the stage where the ceiling lit up with their country's flag using augmented reality. The dances in each postcard were wide-ranging and included Parkour, Ballet and Street dance, among other styles. The following locations were used:
- Albania – Banias Nature Reserve
- Armenia – Masada National Park
- Australia – Jaffa
- Austria – Tel Aviv Bauhaus
- Azerbaijan – Gan HaShlosha (Sahne)
- Belarus – Rockefeller Archaeological Museum, Jerusalem
- Belgium – Mitzpe Ramon
- Croatia – The Israel Museum, Jerusalem
- Cyprus – Eilat
- Czech Republic – Caesarea
- Denmark – Jerusalem International YMCA
- Estonia – Tel Aviv beach
- Finland – Financial District, Ramat Gan
- France – Tel Aviv Museum of Art
- Georgia – Acre
- Germany – Sea of Galilee
- Greece – Van Leer Institute, Jerusalem
- Hungary – Beit Guvrin National Park
- Iceland – Beit She'an National Park
- Ireland – Palm Plantation, Eylot
- Israel – Old City, Jerusalem
- Italy – Ashdod Port
- Latvia – Suzanne Dellal Centre for Dance, Tel Aviv
- Lithuania – HaBonim Beach
- Malta – Timna Park
- Moldova – Zichron Yaakov's Wineries
- Montenegro – Mikhmoret Beach
- Netherlands – Mount Arbel
- North Macedonia – Carmel Forest
- Norway – Judean Desert
- Poland – Mishkenot Sha'ananim, Jerusalem
- Portugal – Dead Sea
- Romania – Mount Hermon
- Russia – Tower of David, Jerusalem
- San Marino – Solar Thermal Power Station, Ashalim
- Serbia – Cherry Blossom, Ein Zivan
- Slovenia – Ruhama Badlands
- Spain – Haifa
- Sweden – Tel Aviv Port
- Switzerland – Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
- United Kingdom – Bahá'í Gardens, Haifa
On 25 January 2019, KAN announced that four presenters would host the three shows: TV hosts Erez Tal (who was also one of the Israeli commentators for the Eurovision Song Contest 2018 final) and Assi Azar, who works for the Israeli Channel 12, supermodel Bar Refaeli, and KAN host Lucy Ayoub, who was also the Israeli jury spokesperson at the 2018 contest. Tal and Refaeli were the main hosts, while Azar and Ayoub hosted the green room.
Semi-final allocation draw
The draw to determine the participating countries' semi-finals took place on 28 January 2019 at 17:00 CET, at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art. The thirty-six semi-finalists had been allocated into six pots, based on historical voting patterns as calculated by the contest's official televoting partner Digame. Drawing from different pots helped to reduce the chance of so-called neighbourly voting and increases suspense in the semi-finals. The draw also determined the semi-final the six automatic finalist countries (host country Israel and the Big Five countries France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom) would broadcast and vote in. The ceremony was hosted by contest presenters Assi Azar and Lucy Ayoub and included the passing of a Eurovision insignia from Lisbon (host city of the previous contest) to Tel Aviv.
|Pot 1||Pot 2||Pot 3||Pot 4||Pot 5||Pot 6|
On 30 March 2019, the EBU announced that the presentation of the televoting results during the final would change for the first time since the current voting system was introduced in 2016. The jury results' presentation remained the same with a live spokesperson in each participating country revealing the top song from their national jury that earned 12 points. In a change from previous years, the televoting result was revealed in the order of jury ranking, from the lowest to the highest.
Opening and interval acts
On 8 April 2019, it was confirmed that Madonna would perform three songs during the final. The EBU later revealed they would be "Future" featuring Quavo and "Like a Prayer" and a yet-to-be released song, "Dark Ballet". On 15 April 2019, the EBU released further information about the opening and interval acts.
The first semi-final was opened by Netta Barzilai, performing a new version of her winning song "Toy", and also featured Dana International with "Just the Way You Are". The second semi-final included Shalva Band with the song "A Million Dreams" and mentalist Lior Suchard.
The final included performances from six former Eurovision participants. In the "Switch Song" interval act, Conchita Wurst performed "Heroes", Måns Zelmerlöw performed "Fuego", Eleni Foureira performed "Dancing Lasha Tumbai", Verka Serduchka performed "Toy", and Gali Atari, together with the four above-mentioned artists, performed her winning song "Hallelujah". Netta Barzilai later performed her new single "Nana Banana". The opening of the show, accompanied by the traditional flag parade introducing the 26 finalists, featured Netta Barzilai, Dana International with "Diva" and "Tel Aviv", Nadav Guedj with "Golden Boy" and Ilanit with "Ey Sham". Idan Raichel performed "Bo’ee – Come to Me" together with The Idan Raichel Project, while actress Gal Gadot also appeared in a short video skit.
Madonna's interval performance in the final was heavily criticised due to her poor vocal performance, and further criticisms were raised when her official YouTube channel uploaded a video of the performance with the vocals auto-tuned. Madonna's representatives at Live Nation were subject to a lawsuit by KAN, the Israeli public broadcaster, following the performance.
On 6 March 2019, the EBU confirmed North Macedonia would take part for the first time under its new name, instead of the previous name of Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia which had been used since the country first participated in 1998.
The contest featured five representatives who had performed previously as lead vocalists for the same countries. Two of them participated in 2016—Sergey Lazarev represented Russia and won the semi-final, while Serhat represented San Marino in the semi-final. Joci Pápai represented Hungary in 2017. Tamara Todevska represented Macedonia (now named North Macedonia) in the 2008 semi-final, alongside Vrčak and Adrian, and backed in 2004 and 2014 for Toše Proeski and Tijana Dapčević, respectively. Nevena Božović represented Serbia in the semi-final of 2013 as part of Moje 3, and in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2007. The contest also featured a former backing vocalist representing his country for the first time—Jurij Veklenko provided backup for Lithuania in 2013 and 2015.
On the other hand, previous representatives came back to provide supporting vocals for their own or another country. Mikheil Javakhishvili, Georgia's representative in 2018 as part of Ethno-Jazz Band Iriao, backed Oto Nemsadze. Mikel Hennet, who represented Spain in 2007 as part of D'Nash, backed Miki. Stig Rästa, Estonia's representative in 2015 alongside Elina Born, backed Victor Crone. Mladen Lukić, who represented Serbia in 2018 as part of Balkanika, backed Nevena Božović. Sahlene, who represented Estonia in 2002, and provided backing for her native country Sweden in 1999, for Malta in 2000 and for Australia in 2016, backed for the United Kingdom this time. Jacques Houdek, who represented Croatia in 2017, backed Roko. Émilie Satt, who represented France in 2018 as part of Madame Monsieur, backed Bilal Hassani. Destiny Chukunyere, who won the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2015 for Malta, backed Michela.
The first semi-final took place on 14 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST). Seventeen countries participated in the first semi-final. Those countries plus France, Israel and Spain voted in this semi-final. Ukraine was originally allocated to participate in the second half of the semi-final, but withdrew from the contest due to controversy over its national selection.
|03||Finland||Darude feat. Sebastian Rejman||"Look Away"||English||17||23|
|04||Poland||Tulia||"Fire of Love (Pali się)"||Polish, English||11||120|
|05||Slovenia||Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl||"Sebi"||Slovene||6||167|
|06||Czech Republic||Lake Malawi||"Friend of a Friend"||English||2||242|
|07||Hungary||Joci Pápai||"Az én apám"||Hungarian||12||97|
|09||Serbia||Nevena Božović||"Kruna" (Круна)||Serbian[d]||7||156|
|11||Georgia||Oto Nemsadze||"Keep on Going"||Georgian[e]||14||62|
|12||Australia||Kate Miller-Heidke||"Zero Gravity"||English||1||261|
|13||Iceland||Hatari||"Hatrið mun sigra"||Icelandic||3||221|
|16||Greece||Katerine Duska||"Better Love"||English||5||185|
|17||San Marino||Serhat||"Say Na Na Na"||English[f]||8||150|
The second semi-final took place on 16 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST). Eighteen countries participated in the second semi-final. Those countries plus Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom voted in this semi-final. Switzerland was pre-drawn into this semi-final due to scheduling issues.
|04||Switzerland||Luca Hänni||"She Got Me"||English||4||232|
|06||Romania||Ester Peony||"On a Sunday"||English||13||71|
|07||Denmark||Leonora||"Love Is Forever"||English, French[g]||10||94|
|08||Sweden||John Lundvik||"Too Late for Love"||English||3||238|
|10||Croatia||Roko||"The Dream"||English, Croatian||14||64|
|12||Lithuania||Jurij Veklenko||"Run with the Lions"||English||11||93|
|14||Albania||Jonida Maliqi||"Ktheju tokës"||Albanian||9||96|
|15||Norway||KEiiNO||"Spirit in the Sky"||English[h]||7||210|
|17||North Macedonia||Tamara Todevska||"Proud"||English||2||239|
The final took place on 18 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST). Twenty-six countries participated in the final, with all forty-one participating countries eligible to vote.
Belarusian jury dismissal and incorrect aggregated vote
The Belarusian jury was dismissed following the revelation of their votes in the first semi-final, which is contrary to the rules of the Eurovision Song Contest. To comply with the contest's voting regulations, the EBU worked with its voting partner, Digame, to create a substitute aggregated result (calculated based on the results of other countries with similar voting records), which was approved by voting monitor Ernst & Young, to determine the Belarusian jury votes for the final. In these results, Israel, which did not receive points from any other jury during the final, received 12 points from Belarus.
However, Twitter user @euro_bruno noted on May 19 that it appeared an incorrect substitute Belarusian result was announced during the broadcast of the final four days earlier. The mistake was confirmed in a statement issued by the EBU three days later, on 22 May 2019. According to the statement, the EBU "discovered that due to a human error an incorrect aggregated result was used. This had no impact on the calculation of points derived from televoting across the 41 participating countries and the overall winner and Top 4 songs of the Contest remain unchanged. To respect both the artists and EBU Members which took part, [they wished] to correct the grand final results in accordance with the rules."
The error, a reversal of the Belarusian aggregated votes, led to the bottom ten countries receiving points instead of the top ten. Malta, which had been incorrectly ranked last, would receive Belarus' 12 jury points, and Israel would end up with no jury points. The corrected point totals also changed some rankings: Sweden finished fifth overall instead of Norway, Belarus finished 24th overall instead of Germany, San Marino ended 19th despite losing four points, and North Macedonia won the jury vote instead of Sweden.
The mistake made by the EBU and their voting partner was widely panned by the press. Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad said the EBU had to present the new vote totals "blushing with shame", calling the situation "chaos". British newspaper Metro thought the EBU had "screwed up", while the Daily Mirror named the accidental reversal of the aggregated vote total a "scandalous blunder".
The corrected results have been used in all following scoreboards (where applicable).
|Split results (Semi-final 1)|
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the first semi-final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|5||Australia||Belgium, Finland, Iceland, Poland, Spain|
|Czech Republic||Australia, Estonia, Georgia, Portugal, Slovenia|
|4||Greece||Cyprus, Israel, Montenegro, San Marino|
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|4||Iceland||Australia, Belarus, Finland, Poland|
|3||San Marino||Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary|
|Greece||Cyprus, San Marino|
|Split results (Semi-final 2)|
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the second semi-final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|7||Sweden||Armenia, Austria, Denmark, Ireland, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway|
|4||North Macedonia||Albania, Croatia, Germany, United Kingdom|
|3||Netherlands||Lithuania, Malta, Switzerland|
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|4||Norway||Albania, Denmark, Netherlands, Sweden|
|3||Albania||Italy, North Macedonia, Switzerland|
|Lithuania||Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom|
|Russia||Armenia, Azerbaijan, Latvia|
|Switzerland||Austria, Germany, Malta|
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury and televote in the final. Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|10||Sweden||Armenia, Australia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Spain|
|6||Italy||Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Malta, North Macedonia, San Marino|
|Netherlands||France, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Portugal, Sweden|
|North Macedonia||Albania, Austria, Moldova, Serbia, Switzerland, United Kingdom|
|4||Czech Republic||Georgia, Hungary, Norway, Slovenia|
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|11||Russia||Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, San Marino|
|8||Norway||Australia, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom|
|4||Italy||Croatia, Malta, Spain, Switzerland|
|3||Iceland||Finland, Hungary, Poland|
|2||Albania||Italy, North Macedonia|
|North Macedonia||Serbia, Slovenia|
Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that will be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network. The EBU issued an invitation to participate in the contest to all fifty-six of its active members. The Israeli Minister of Communications Ayoob Kara also invited countries from the Middle Eastern and North African region. With some Israel largely had tense relationships and others no diplomatic relations at all. Kara pointed out Tunisia and the Gulf states Saudi Arabia as well as Dubai and Abu Dhabi as part of the United Arab Emirates were invited. Tunisia is eligible to participate but has not due to rules banning the promotion of Israeli content, while the Gulf states do not have national broadcasters with EBU membership.
Active EBU members
- Andorra – Despite being absent for 10 years, local media reported that Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) was still interested in returning to the contest, but the principality's failure to make the final along with the cost was discouraging the broadcaster from participating. For a return to take place, RTVA would need funding from the Andorran Government. On 19 May 2018, Andorra confirmed they would not return in 2019.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – On 25 May 2018, the Bosnian broadcaster, Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT), stated the country would not be allowed to return to the contest in 2019 until debt-related sanctions placed on them by the EBU are lifted. Bosnia and Herzegovina last took part in 2016.
- Bulgaria – Despite confirming their preliminary participation in the 2019 contest, Bulgarian National Television (BNT) announced on 13 October 2018 that many members of the delegation were moving onto other projects, and on 15 October 2018, BNT announced that they were not entering into the 2019 contest because of financial difficulties.
- Luxembourg – On 21 July 2018, the Luxembourgish broadcaster RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (RTL) announced they would not return to the contest in 2019. Luxembourg last took part in 1993.
- Monaco – On 17 August 2018, the Monégasque broadcaster Télé Monte Carlo (TMC) announced they would not return to the contest in 2019. Monaco last took part in 2006.
- Slovakia – On 31 May 2018, the Slovak broadcaster Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska (RTVS) announced the country would not return to the contest in 2019 due to financial difficulties. Slovakia last took part in 2012.
- Turkey – Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım said in an interview that Turkey had no plans to return to the contest. On 4 August 2018, İbrahim Eren, general manager of Türkiye Radyo Televizyon Kurumu (TRT), said that at the moment the broadcaster was not considering returning to the contest for various reasons, including Conchita Wurst's victory for Austria in 2014. Turkey last took part in 2012.
- Ukraine – On 27 February 2019, UA:PBC announced the withdrawal of the country from the contest, because of the controversy surrounding their national selection. Despite this, the channel still broadcast the show.
Associate EBU members
- Kazakhstan – On 22 December 2017, the Ministry of Culture and Sport claimed that Channel 31 had finalised negotiations with the EBU, allowing Kazakhstan to debut in 2019; however, on 23 December 2017, the EBU told Esctoday that "Channel 31 Kazakhstan has indeed expressed interest in becoming a member of the EBU and hence participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. However, since Channel 31 is outside the European Broadcasting Area and is also not a member of the Council of Europe, it is not eligible to become an active member of the EBU." On 25 July 2018, it was announced that Kazakhstan will participate in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018, thus making a debut in 2019 possible. On 30 July 2018, the EBU stated that the decision to invite Kazakhstan was made solely by the Junior Eurovision reference group, and there were no current plans to invite associate members other than Australia. On 22 November 2018, Jon Ola Sand said in a press conference that "we need to discuss if we can invite our associate member Kazakhstan to take part in adult ESC in the future, but this is part of a broader discussion in the EBU and I hope we can get back to you on this issue later." However, he later clarified that Kazakhstan would not have an entry in the 2019 edition.
- Kosovo – In June 2018, RTK general director Mentor Shala said that they were pushing for full membership to still be able to take part in the 2019 contest. However, in December 2018, RTK's membership vote was delayed until June 2019.
- Liechtenstein – On 4 November 2017, 1 Fürstentum Liechtenstein Television (1 FL TV), the national broadcaster of the Principality of Liechtenstein, confirmed that the country were planning a debut in the 2019 contest, and that they were applying for EBU membership and are "in [the] process of complying all requirements". They also reiterated their intention to select the participant through a national selection process in the form of Liechtenstein Music Contest "open to any form of music". However, on 20 July 2018, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) stated that 1 FL TV had not applied for EBU membership. On 26 July 2018, 1 FL TV confirmed that Liechtenstein would not debut at the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 due to the sudden death of the broadcaster's director, Peter Kölbel.
Broadcasters, commentators and spokespersons
The European Broadcasting Union provided international live streams of both semi-finals and the final through their official YouTube channel with no commentary. The live streams were geo-blocked to viewers in Bolivia, Canada, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Uruguay, United States and Venezuela due to "rights limitations." After the live broadcasts, all three shows were made available for every country listed above, except the United States and Canada.
- Portugal – Inês Lopes Gonçalves
- Azerbaijan – Faig Agayev
- Malta – Ben Camille (Co-host of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2016)
- North Macedonia – Nikola Trajkovski
- San Marino – Monica Fabbri
- Netherlands – Emma Wortelboer
- Montenegro – Ajda Šufta
- Estonia – Kelly Sildaru
- Poland – Mateusz Szymkowiak
- Norway – Alexander Rybak (Winner of the 2009 contest; Norwegian representative in 2018)
- Spain – Nieves Álvarez
- Austria – Philipp Hansa
- United Kingdom – Rylan Clark-Neal
- Italy – Ema Stokholma
- Albania – Andri Xhahu
- Hungary – Bence Forró
- Moldova – Doina Stimpovschi
- Ireland – Sinéad Kennedy
- Belarus – Maria Vasilevich
- Armenia – Aram MP3 (Armenian representative in 2014)
- Romania – Ilinca (Romanian representative in 2017)
- Cyprus – Hovig (Cypriot representative in 2017)
- Australia – Electric Fields
- Russia – Ivan Bessonov (Winner of Eurovision Young Musicians 2018)
- Germany – Barbara Schöneberger
- Belgium – David Jeanmotte
- Sweden – Eric Saade (Swedish representative in 2011)
- Croatia – Monika Lelas Halambek
- Lithuania – Giedrius Masalskis
- Serbia – Dragana Kosjerina
- Iceland – Jóhannes Haukur Jóhannesson
- Georgia – Gaga Abashidze (Georgian representative in 2018 as part of Iriao)
- Greece – Gus G
- Latvia – Laura Rizzotto (Latvian representative in 2018)
- Czech Republic – Radka Rosická
- Denmark – Rasmussen (Danish representative in 2018)
- France – Julia Molkhou
- Finland – Christoffer Strandberg
- Switzerland – Sinplus (Swiss representatives in 2012)
- Slovenia – Lea Sirk (Slovene representative in 2018)
- Israel – Izhar Cohen (Winner of the 1978 contest; Israeli representative in 1985)
Broadcasters and commentators
Countries may add commentary from commentators working on-location or remotely at the broadcaster. Commentators can add insight to the participating entries and the provision of voting information.
|Albania||All shows||RTSH, RTSH Muzikë and Radio Tirana||Andri Xhahu|||
|Armenia||All shows||Armenia 1 and Public Radio of Armenia||Aram Mp3 and Avet Barseghyan|||
|Australia||All shows||SBS||Myf Warhurst and Joel Creasey|||
|Austria||All shows||ORF1||Andi Knoll|||
|Azerbaijan||All shows||iTV||Murad Arif|||
|Belarus||All shows||Belarus 1 and Belarus 24||Evgeny Perlin|||
|Belgium||All shows||La Une||French: Maureen Louys and Jean-Louis Lahaye|||
|1st semi-final and final||Eén||Dutch: Peter Van de Veire|||
|Croatia||All shows||HRT 1 and HR 2||Duško Ćurlić|||
|Cyprus||All shows||CyBC||Evridiki and Tasos Trifonos|||
|Czech Republic||Both semi-finals||ČT2||Libor Bouček|||
|Denmark||All shows||DR1||Ole Tøpholm|||
|Estonia||All shows||ETV||Estonian: Marko Reikop|||
|ETV+||Russian: Aleksandr Hobotov and Julia Kalenda|||
|Finland||All shows||Yle TV2||Finnish: Mikko Silvennoinen and Krista Siegfrids|||
|Swedish: Johan Lindroos and Eva Frantz|
|Both semi-finals||Yle Radio Suomi||Finnish: Sanna Pirkkalainen and Toni Laaksonen|
|Final||Finnish: Sanna Pirkkalainen and Sami Sykkö|
|France||Both semi-finals||France 4||André Manoukian and Sandy Herebert|||
|Final||France 2||Stéphane Bern and André Manoukian|
|Georgia||Both semi–finals||First Channel||Helen Kalandadze and Gaga Abashidze|||
|Final||Helen Kalandadze, Gaga Abashidze and Nodiko Tatishvili|
|Germany||Both semi–finals||One||Peter Urban|||
|Final||One, Das Erste, and Deutsche Welle|
|Greece||All shows||ERT2 and ERT Sports HD||Giorgos Kapoutzidis and Maria Kozakou|||
|1st semi-final and final||Voice of Greece|
|Hungary||All shows||Duna||Bogi Dallos and Freddie|||
|Iceland||All shows||RÚV||Icelandic: Gísli Marteinn Baldursson|||
|Both semi–finals||RÚV 2||English: Alex Elliott|||
|Ireland||Both semi-finals||RTÉ2||Marty Whelan|||
|2nd semi-final||RTÉ Radio 1||Neil Doherty and Zbyszek Zalinski|
|Israel||All shows||Kan 11 and Kan 88||Sharon Taicher and Eran Zarachowicz|||
|Italy||Both semi-finals||Rai 4 and Rai Radio 2||Federico Russo and Ema Stokholma|||
|Final||Rai 1||Federico Russo and Flavio Insinna|
|Rai Radio 2||Ema Stokholma and Gino Castaldo|
|Latvia||All shows||LTV||Toms Grēviņš and Ketija Šēnberga|||
|Lithuania||All shows||LRT televizija and LRT Radijas||Darius Užkuraitis and Gerūta Griniūtė|||
|Malta||2nd semi-final and final||PBS||N/A|||
|Moldova||All shows||Moldova 1|||
|Montenegro||All shows||TVCG 1 and TVCG SAT||Dražen Bauković and Tijana Mišković|||
|Netherlands||All shows||NPO 1||Jan Smit and Cornald Maas|||
|Final||NPO Radio 2||Wouter van der Goes and Frank van 't Hof|||
|North Macedonia||All shows||MRT 1||Toni Cifrovski|||
|Norway||All shows||NRK1||Olav Viksmo-Slettan|||
|Final||NRK3||Ronny Brede Aase, Silje Nordnes and Markus Neby|||
|NRK P1||Ole-Christian Øen|||
|Poland||All shows||TVP1 and TVP Polonia||Artur Orzech|||
|Portugal||All shows||RTP1 and RTP Internacional||José Carlos Malato and Nuno Galopim|||
|Romania||All shows||TVR1, TVR HD and TVRi||Liana Stanciu and Bogdan Stănescu|||
|Russia||All shows||Russia-1 and Russia HD||Dmitry Guberniev and Olga Shelest|||
|San Marino||All shows||San Marino RTV and Radio San Marino||Lia Fiorio and Gigi Restivo|||
|Serbia||1st semi-final and final||RTS1, RTS HD and RTS Svet||Duška Vučinić|||
|2nd semi-final||Tamara Petković and Katarina Epštajn|
|Final||Radio Beograd 1||Nikoleta Dojčinović and Katarina Epštajn|
|Slovenia||Both semi-finals||TV Slovenija 2||Andrej Hofer|||
|Final||TV Slovenija 1|
|Spain||Both semi-finals||La 2||Tony Aguilar and Julia Varela|||
|Radio Nacional, Radio 5, Radio Exterior||Daniel Galindo|
|Sweden||All shows||SVT1||Charlotte Perrelli and Edward af Sillén|||
|SR P4||Carolina Norén and Björn Kjellman|
|Switzerland||Both semi-finals||SRF zwei||German: Sven Epiney|||
|Both semi-finals||RTS Deux||French: Jean-Marc Richard, Nicolas Tanner|||
|Final||RTS Un||French: Jean-Marc Richard, Nicolas Tanner and Bastian Baker|
|2nd semi-final||RSI La 2||Italian: Clarissa Tami and Sebalter|||
|Final||RSI La 1|
|United Kingdom||Both semi-finals||BBC Four||Scott Mills and Rylan Clark-Neal|||
|Final||BBC One||Graham Norton|
|BBC Radio 2||Ken Bruce|||
|Canada||All shows||Omni Television||N/A||[j]|
|Kazakhstan||All shows||Khabar Agency||Kaldybek Zhaysanbay and Mahabbat Esen|||
|Kosovo||All shows||RTK||Agron Krasniqi and Alma Bektashi|||
|Ukraine||All shows||UA:First||Timur Miroshnychenko|||
|United States||Final||WJFD-FM||Ewan Spence, Samantha Ross and Bernardo Pereira|||
On 14 May 2018, Yaakov Litzman, leader of the ultra-Orthodox party United Torah Judaism and Israel's former Minister of Health, drafted a letter to the Ministers of Tourism, Communications, and Culture and Sports, in which he requested the event not violate religious laws: "In the name of hundreds of thousands of Jewish citizens from all the populations and communities for whom Shabbat (the holy sabbath) observance is close to their hearts, I appeal to you, already at this early stage, before production and all the other details of the event has begun, to be strict [in ensuring] that this matter does not harm the holiness of Shabbat and to work in every way to prevent the desecration of Shabbat, God forbid, as the law and the status quo requires". According to Jewish religious law, Shabbat is observed from just before sunset on Friday evening until Saturday night. The Saturday evening broadcast of the show, which were to start at 22:00 local time, would not conflict with this. However, the Friday evening jury show and Saturday afternoon rehearsals would. Similar protests arose in the lead-up to the 1999 Israeli-held contest, but then there were fewer competing delegations, which allowed for certain adjustments to be made to accommodate the issue. The chairman of the Eurovision Song Contest Reference Group (the Contest's executive board), Dr. Frank-Dieter Freiling, noted that he was well aware of the tension, and had plans to address it in his communications with the Israeli broadcaster. Shalva Band, who performed as the interval act during the second semi-final, withdrew from Israel's national final citing similar concerns on possibly performing during Shabbat in the rehearsals for the final, should they have won.
Calls for boycott
The possibility of Jerusalem being the venue for an Israeli-hosted contest led many proponents of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement to call on their national broadcasters to boycott the competition because of Israel's policies towards Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza. This included members of the Australian Greens party, Sinn Féin, the Irish Alternative, Sweden's Left Party and many entertainers including 1994 contest winner Charlie McGettigan. Icelandic broadcaster RÚV met to discuss a boycott in response to a petition of 23,000 signatures, but ultimately neither RÚV nor any other broadcaster withdrew from the contest in response to boycott calls. In the event, viewing figures for the contest dropped to the joint lowest level since 2013.
Several national selections were disrupted by BDS supporters calling for a boycott in the lead-up to the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest. This included the second semi-final of France's Destination Eurovision, which was invaded by stage intruders who held up signs advocating a boycott; and selection events in Spain, Germany, and Denmark were all targeted by protesters outside the venues calling for a boycott. The EBU later sent a special letter to all participating broadcasters advising precautions they could take to prevent similar disruptions. An opinion piece in Sweden's largest newspaper Aftonbladet, calling for a boycott of the contest and other cultural exchanges with Israel, was signed by 171 Swedish professionals in the cultural sector.
In March 2019, LGBT activist groups Al Qaws and Pinkwatching Israel called for a boycott of the song contest in opposition to Israeli "pinkwashing". In late April 2019, over 100 celebrities including Stephen Fry and Sharon Osbourne signed a joint statement against boycotting Eurovision in Israel.
Late Ukrainian withdrawal
During the final of the Ukrainian national selection on 23 February 2019, it was announced that the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine (UA:PBC) had reserved the right to change the decision made by the jury and the Ukrainian public. Following Maruv's win, it was reported the broadcaster had sent a contract to her management, requiring her to cancel all upcoming appearances and performances in Russia to represent Ukraine. She was also given 48 hours to sign the contract or be replaced.
On 24 February 2019, Maruv revealed the contract sent to her by UA:PBC had also banned her from improvising on stage and communicating with any journalist without the permission of the broadcaster, and required her to fully comply with any requests from the broadcaster. Later, the broadcaster published a statement explaining every entry of the contract. If she failed to follow any of these clauses, she would be fined ₴2 million (~€65,500). Maruv also said the broadcaster would not give her any financial compensation for the competition and would not pay for her trip to Tel Aviv.
On 25 February 2019, both Maruv and UA:PBC confirmed she would not represent Ukraine in the contest due to disputes over the contract, and that another act would be chosen. National final runner-up Freedom Jazz announced on 26 February 2019 they had also rejected the broadcaster's offer to represent Ukraine as did third-place finisher Kazka the following day. The incident garnered media coverage from major international outlets, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, Billboard, The Telegraph, The Independent, SBS News, The Irish Independent, Le Figaro, Cosmopolitan, and ABC. On 27 February 2019, UA:PBC announced its withdrawal from the contest.
Ticket sales controversy
The ticket prices for the year's event sparked criticism, both in Israel and abroad, with The Times of Israel calling them "likely the most expensive ever for Eurovision". Explanations for the high prices included the high cost of living in Israel and the fact that the Israeli government was not subsidising the Eurovision production. Although the venue could hold up to 10,000 people, only 7,300 seats were available because of the size of the stage, the technical equipment and the security features. Of those 7,300 seats, 3,000 had been reserved for the EBU, leaving only 4,300 for fans so that demand exceeded supply.
On 3 March 2019, ticket sales were frozen because of irregularities noticed by the Oversight Committee of Israeli broadcaster KAN. Hebrew-language Israeli media reported tickets being illegally resold for more than twice their original price. Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan ordered an investigation into the situation.
On 14 March 2019, tickets sales resumed. According to KAN, 220 improperly-purchased tickets to the final live show were revoked and were sold again in the second round of ticket sales.
Cyber attack during semi-final 1
KAN suffered a cyber attack by a group of hackers that affected the broadcaster's accessibility livestreams of the first semi-final. The hackers were able to briefly show anti-Israeli statements on the streams such as "Israel is not safe, you will see" and "Risk of missile attack, please take shelter". The incident was investigated by both the broadcaster and the EBU. KAN released a statement regarding the incident saying: "The problem was fixed quickly, and it seems that during the first semi-finals a site was hacked here for a few minutes, and we believe that the messages were not seen by many people."
Semi-final 1 technical issues
Multiple broadcasters around Europe reported various issues during the live broadcast of the first semi-final. Viewers reported a loss of commentary from Tel Aviv in the Netherlands and North Macedonia. The Polish public broadcaster, TVP, had to replace their regular commentator Artur Orzech who was in Tel Aviv with another person who was based in Warsaw because viewers were unable to hear Orzech. Germany and the United Kingdom lost a portion of the show. On BBC Four, which broadcast the semi-finals in the UK, the programme cut out as the recap of the qualifiers of the first semi-final began to play, and was replaced by the message "We are sorry for the break in this programme and are trying to correct the fault." while the French broadcaster France Télévisions experienced audio issues during the Portuguese and Belgian performances. Similar technical issues happened during the 2011 contest.
KEiiNO's jury final performance
|Camera issues during Keiino's jury show performance, YouTube video|
During Norway's jury final performance, two technical issues occurred in a short time. The screen turned black while KEiiNO performed their song "Spirit in the Sky". When the picture returned the camera operator was seen in the picture. NRK complained to EBU and requested a new run through, but the EBU rejected the complaints.
Jury vote issues
Following the reveal of the detailed jury voting, it emerged that three jurors appeared to have voted backwards in their semi-finals. In the first semi-final, Czech juror Jitka Zelenková ranked Portugal as her favourite entry, Slovenia as her least-favourite entry, and ranked Estonia as fourteenth on her list; this was directly opposite to the other Czech jurors, who all ranked Slovenia first and two who ranked Portugal last. In the final, Zelenková's rankings changed dramatically; she listed Estonia as her fourth favourite and Slovenia as her sixth favourite. Neither Zelenková, the Czech broadcaster Česká televize (ČT), nor the EBU have confirmed that her semi-final votes were reversed, but if this were true Poland would have qualified to the final instead of Belarus.
Swedish juror Lina Hedlund also appeared to have voted backwards in the second semi-final. She ranked the Netherlands and Switzerland as her favourite entries in the final, but ranked them as her two least-favourite entries in the semi-final. Additionally, Hedlund ranked Austria her favourite entry in the semi-final, which led Austria to receive eight points from Sweden. Neither Hedlund, the Swedish broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT), nor the EBU have commented on the incident.
The second semi-final also seemed to have Russian juror Igor Gulyaev casting his votes in reverse order. In the semi-final, Gulyaev ranked Denmark first and Azerbaijan last, although he reversed this placement in the final. He also ranked Albania as his second least favourite entry in the semi-final, but as his second favourite in the final. If his and Hedlund's votes were reversed, it would have had no impact on the result other than minor differences in the number of points received by each country.
This was the second year in which a juror accidentally submitted their votes backwards. In the 2016 contest, Danish juror Hilda Heick ranked the entries backwards, resulting in Ukraine receiving 12 points from Denmark instead of Australia.
Political demonstrations during the final
The organisation of the Eurovision Song Contest in Israel faced protests due to the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict, and not exclusively outside the venue.
During Madonna's interval performance in the final where she sang "Like a Prayer" and "Future", the singer directed a monologue (part of her song "Dark Ballet") to backup dancers wearing gas masks between the two songs, alluding to the "[storm] inside of us", saying "they think we are not aware of their crimes. We know, but we're just not ready to act". This was interpreted as a reference to the conflict. During "Future", two dancers—one wearing an Israeli the second a Palestine flag on the back of their costumes—were seen holding each other while guest vocalist Quavo sang the lyrics: "Not everyone is coming to the future, not everyone is learning from the past". Madonna later stated that the use of Israeli and Palestinian flags was not a pro-Palestine demonstration, but a call for unity and peace.
While receiving their points from the televotes, members of the Icelandic entry Hatari were seen showing banners that included the Palestinian flag. There had previously been concerns that the self-described anti-capitalist group would use their performance to protest the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territory and the band had previously received warnings from the EBU about statements they had made prior to the contest. After the contest, the EBU stated that "the consequences of this action will be discussed by the Reference Group after the Contest". Hatari subsequently announced a collaboration with Palestinian artist Bashar Murad for their next single. The Icelandic broadcaster RÚV was eventually handed a €5,000-fine for the incident.
In addition to the main winner's trophy, the Marcel Bezençon Awards and the Barbara Dex Award were contested during the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest. The OGAE (French: Organisation Générale des Amateurs de l'Eurovision, English: General Organisation of Eurovision Fans) voting poll also took place before the contest.
Marcel Bezençon Awards
The Marcel Bezençon Awards honour the best competing songs in the final. Named after the founder of the contest, the awards were created and first handed at the 2002 contest by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the 1992 contest and the country's current Head of Delegation), and Richard Herrey (a member of the Herreys who won the 1984 contest for Sweden). The awards are divided into three categories: Artistic Award, Composers Award, and Press Award. The winners are revealed shortly before the Eurovision final.
|Artistic Award||Australia||"Zero Gravity"||Kate Miller-Heidke||Kate Miller-Heidke, Keir Nuttall, Julian Hamilton|
|Composers Award||Italy||"Soldi"||Mahmood||Mahmood, Dario "Dardust" Faini, Charlie Charles|
|Press Award||Netherlands||"Arcade"||Duncan Laurence||Duncan Laurence, Joel Sjöö, Wouter Hardy, Will Knox|
OGAE is an international organisation which conducts a voting poll for the favourite songs among its members before the annual contest. It consists of a network of over 40 Eurovision Song Contest fan clubs across Europe and beyond. The top five overall results, after all of the votes had been cast are shown below.
|Switzerland||Luca Hänni||"She Got Me"||406|
|Norway||KEiiNO||"Spirit in the Sky"||224|
Barbara Dex Award
The Barbara Dex Award is a humorous fan award given each year to the artist who wore the most notable outfit. First awarded in 1997, the award originally highlighted the worst-dressed artists in the competition, until this criterion was changed in 2019. Named after Belgium's representative who came last in the 1993 contest, wearing her self-designed dress, the award was handed by the fansite House of Eurovision from 1997 to 2016 and is being carried out by the fansite Songfestival.be since 2017.
|5||North Macedonia||Tamara Todevska|
|Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019|
|Compilation album by|
|Released||26 April 2019|
|Eurovision Song Contest chronology|
Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019 is the official compilation album of the contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and released by Universal Music Group digitally on 12 April 2019 and physically on 26 April 2019. The album features all 41 entries including the semi-finalists that failed to qualify for the final.
|Australian Albums (ARIA)||13|
|German Compilation Albums (Offizielle Top 100)||2|
|Irish Compilation Albums (IRMA)||2|
|UK Compilation Albums (OCC)||3|
- Despite the fact that no countries finished the competition with 0 points, Israel failed to score points from the professional juries, while Germany failed to score points from the public televote.
- Ukraine withdrew approximately a month after the semi-final allocation draw.
- Switzerland, which had been allocated to pot five, was pre-allocated to compete in the second semi-final at the request of Swiss broadcaster SRF.
- Contains two repeated lines in English
- Contains an idiom in Abkhaz
- Contains phrases in Turkish
- Also contains lines in Danish and German
- Contains one repeated line in Northern Sami
- Contains two lines in Arabic
- Omni Television aired all three shows on a six hour delay with no commentary.
- Netflix, an over-the-top video on demand service, signed an agreement with the EBU in July 2019 that would allow them to distribute the 2019 contest on their service in the United States. All three shows were added to the platform on 22 July 2019 with no commentary.
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