2019 Finnish parliamentary election

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Finnish parliamentary election, 2019

← 2015 14 April 2019

All 200 seats to the Parliament
101 seats needed for a majority
  Juha Sipilä Jussi Halla-aho Petteri Orpo
Leader Juha Sipilä Jussi Halla-aho Petteri Orpo[1]
Party Centre Finns National Coalition
Leader since 9 June 2012 10 June 2017 11 June 2016
Last election 49 seats, 21.1% 38 seats, 17.7% 37 seats, 18.2%
Current seats 48 17 38

  Antti Rinne Pekka Haavisto Li Andersson
Leader Antti Rinne Pekka Haavisto Li Andersson[2]
Party Social Democratic Green League Left Alliance
Leader since 9 May 2014 3 November 2018 6 June 2016
Last election 34 seats, 16.5% 15 seats, 8.5% 12 seats, 7.1%
Current seats 35 15 12

  Anna-Maja Henriksson Sari Essayah Sampo Terho
Leader Anna-Maja Henriksson[3] Sari Essayah[4] Sampo Terho
Party Swedish People's Christian Democrat Blue Reform
Leader since 12 June 2016 29 August 2015 16 December 2017
Last election 9 seats, 4.9% 5 seats, 3.5% Did not contest
Current seats 9 5 18

Incumbent Prime Minister

Juha Sipilä
Centre



The 2019 Finnish parliamentary election is scheduled to be held on 14 April 2019.[5]

The working committee, consisting of the party secretaries of all parliamentary parties, suggested in May 2017 that the parliamentary election should be organized simultaneously with the European Parliament election.[6] However, the suggestion has not yet seen enough parliamentary support to pass and is currently under consideration of the Minister of Justice Antti Häkkänen.[7]

Background[edit]

The incumbent government was formed by a three party center-right coalition, composed of the Centre Party, Finns Party and National Coalition Party.[8] On 28 May 2015, the parliament elected Juha Sipilä as prime minister by a vote of 128–62.[9]

On 10 June 2017, the Finns Party elected Jussi Halla-aho as the new leader of the party, after the long-time leader Timo Soini had decided to step down. Following the talks between the three coalition leaders, Sipilä and Minister of Finance Petteri Orpo announced that they would no longer cooperate in a coalition government with the Finns Party. The collapse of government was averted on 13 June when twenty MPs defected from the Finns Party's parliamentary group, forming what would eventually become the Blue Reform party. One MP (Kike Elomaa) later returned to the Finns Party and another (Kaj Turunen) defected to National Coalition Party, leaving the Blue Reform with 18 and Finns Party with 17 MPs. Sipilä's government retained a majority in the Parliament as the Blue Reform continued as a member of the coalition and the Finns Party was moved to the opposition.[10]

Electoral system[edit]

Electoral districts in the 2015 election

The 200 members of the Eduskunta are elected using proportional representation in 13 multi-member constituencies, with seats allocated according to the d'Hondt method. The number of elected representatives is proportional to the population in the district six months prior to the elections. Åland has single member electoral district and its own party system.[11]

Electoral district Seats
01 Helsinki 22
02 Uusimaa 36
03 Finland Proper 17
04 Satakunta 8
05 Åland 1
06 Tavastia 14
07 Pirkanmaa 19
08 South-East Finland 17
09 Savonia-Karelia 15
10 Vaasa 16
11 Central Finland 10
12 Oulu 18
13 Lapland 7

Opinion polls[edit]

5 poll average of finnish opinion polls from April 2015 to the election 2019. Each line corresponds to a political party.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nyt se ratkesi – Stubb sivuun, Petteri Orpo on kokoomuksen uusi puheenjohtaja". Ilta-sanomat. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Li Andersson kruunattiin virallisesti puheenjohtajaksi". Iltalehti. 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  3. ^ "Anna-Maja Henriksson valittiin Rkp:n puheenjohtajaksi – "Me teimme sen. Me rikoimme lasikaton!"". Helsingin sanomat. 12 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Kristillisdemokraattien uusi puheenjohtaja on Sari Essayah – haluaa malliksi Saksan sisarpuolue CDU:n". Helsingin Sanomat. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  5. ^ Upcoming Elections 2015-2030, Vaalit.fi, accessed 3 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Vuoden 2019 vaalien yhdistävistä selvittävän työryhmän raportti" (PDF). Ministry of Justice. 31 May 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Vaalien yhdistämisestä ei löytynyt sopua: Kansalaisia uhkaa vaaliähky". Yle. 18 September 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  8. ^ Sipilä opts for right-leaning government, YLE News 7 May 2015, accessed 3 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Juha Sipilä valittiin äänin 128-62 pääministeriksi". Verkkouutiset. 2016-05-28. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
  10. ^ "Hallituskriisi raukesi perussuomalaisten jakautumiseen: monivaiheinen politiikan superpäivä kerrattuna". Yle News. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  11. ^ Electoral Districts, Vaalit.fi, accessed 3 June 2015.