2019 Formula One World Championship
|2019 FIA Formula One
FIA Formula 2 Championship
FIA Formula 3 Championship
The 2019 FIA Formula One World Championship is a planned motor racing championship for Formula One cars which would be the 70th running of the Formula One World Championship. It is recognised by the governing body of international motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. The championship is due to be contested over a number of Grands Prix held in different countries throughout the world. Drivers and teams are scheduled to compete for the titles of World Drivers' Champion and World Constructors' Champion respectively. The 2019 championship is also scheduled to see the running of the 1000th World Championship race, which is scheduled to be hosted in China.
Lewis Hamilton is the defending World Drivers' Champion, after winning his fifth championship title at the 2018 Mexican Grand Prix. Mercedes are the defending their World Constructors' Champions after winning their fifth championship at the 2018 Brazilian Grand Prix.
There are ten teams and twenty drivers due to compete in the championship in 2019.
|Entrant||Constructor||Chassis||Power unit||Race drivers|
|Alfa Romeo Racing||Alfa Romeo Racing-Ferrari||TBA||Ferrari||7
| Kimi Räikkönen|
|Scuderia Ferrari Mission Winnow||Ferrari||SF90||Ferrari 064||5
| Sebastian Vettel|
|Rich Energy Haas F1 Team||Haas-Ferrari||VF-19||Ferrari 062||8
| Romain Grosjean|
|McLaren F1 Team||McLaren-Renault||MCL34||Renault E-Tech 19||4
| Lando Norris|
Carlos Sainz Jr.
|Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport||Mercedes||F1 W10 EQ Power+||Mercedes M10 EQ Power+||44
| Lewis Hamilton|
|SportPesa Racing Point F1 Team||Racing Point-Mercedes||RP19||Mercedes M10 EQ Power+||11
| Sergio Pérez|
|Aston Martin Red Bull Racing||Red Bull Racing-Honda||RB15||Honda RA619H||10
| Pierre Gasly|
|Renault F1 Team||Renault||R.S.19||Renault E-Tech 19||3
| Daniel Ricciardo|
|Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda||Scuderia Toro Rosso-Honda||STR14||Honda RA619H||23
| Alexander Albon|
|ROKiT Williams Racing||Williams-Mercedes||FW42||Mercedes M10 EQ Power+||63
| George Russell|
Red Bull Racing ended its twelve-year partnership with Renault and switched to Honda power units. In doing so, Red Bull Racing joined sister team Scuderia Toro Rosso in using Honda power after Scuderia Toro Rosso joined the Japanese manufacturer in 2018. Neither team will be recognised as Honda's official factory team under the terms of the agreement.
Racing Point F1 Team completed their transition from the Racing Point Force India identity that they used after their purchase of the assets of Sahara Force India in August 2018. Sauber was renamed Alfa Romeo Racing as an extension of the sponsorship deal that began in 2018.
The lead up to the 2019 championship saw several driver changes. Daniel Ricciardo moved to Renault after five years with Red Bull Racing, replacing Carlos Sainz Jr.. Ricciardo's drive at Red Bull Racing has been taken by Pierre Gasly, who was promoted from Scuderia Toro Rosso, the team with whom he made his first Formula One start in 2017. Daniil Kvyat rejoined Toro Rosso after last racing for the team in 2017. He will be partnered with Formula 2 driver Alexander Albon, who replaced Brendon Hartley. Albon will subsequently become only the second Thai driver to race in Formula One, making his debut sixty-five years after Prince Bira's last start at the 1954 Spanish Grand Prix.
Sainz Jr., who was on loan to Renault in 2018, did not have his deal with Red Bull renewed and subsequently moved to McLaren to replace two-time World Drivers' Champion Fernando Alonso, who had earlier announced that he would not compete in Formula One in 2019. Sainz Jr. was partnered with 2017 European Formula 3 champion Lando Norris. Stoffel Vandoorne left McLaren after the 2018 season to race in Formula E with the Mercedes-affiliated HWA Team.
Charles Leclerc left Sauber after one year with the team, joining Ferrari where he took the place of Kimi Räikkönen. Räikkönen returned to Sauber, now renamed Alfa Romeo, with whom he had started his career in 2001. He will be partnered with Antonio Giovinazzi, who made two starts for the team when he replaced the injured Pascal Wehrlein in 2017. Marcus Ericsson will race in the IndyCar Series in 2019, driving for Schmidt Peterson Motorsports but will remain at Sauber as third driver and brand ambassador.
Reigning Formula 2 champion George Russell joined Williams. Robert Kubica is scheduled to return to Formula 1, replacing Sergey Sirotkin at Williams. Kubica's return comes after an eight-year absence brought on by a near-fatal rally car crash in 2011 that left him with serious arm injuries.
Esteban Ocon left Racing Point Force India and joined Mercedes as reserve driver. Ocon will share the role of simulator driver with Stoffel Vandoorne. Ocon has been replaced at Racing Point by Lance Stroll, who left Williams.
The following twenty-one Grands Prix are due to be run as part of the 2019 World Championship. Each race is run over 305 km (189.5 mi) plus one additional lap; the only exception is the Monaco Grand Prix, which is run to a distance of 270 km (167.8 mi) plus an addition lap. All drivers are required to make at least one pit stop per race.
In a bid to improve overtaking, teams agreed to a series of aerodynamic changes that affect the profile of the front and rear wings. The front wing endplates were reshaped to alter the airflow across the car and reduce the effects of aerodynamic turbulence. The slot in the rear wing was widened, making the drag reduction system (DRS) more powerful. The agreed-upon changes were drawn from the findings of a working group set up to investigate potential changes to the technical regulations in preparation for the 2021 championship.
Parts of the technical regulations governing bodywork were rewritten in a bid to promote sponsorship opportunities for teams. The agreed changes are to mandate smaller bargeboards and limit aerodynamic development of the rear wing endplates to create more space for sponsor logos. The changes were introduced as a response to falling revenues amid teams and the struggles of smaller teams to secure new sponsors.
The mandated maximum fuel levels were raised from 105 kg (231.5 lb) to 110 kg (242.5 lb) so as to minimise the need for drivers to conserve fuel during a race.[note 1] Driver weights are no longer be considered when measuring the minimum weight of the car. This change was agreed to following concerns that drivers were being forced to lose dangerous amounts of weight in order to offset the additional weight of the post-2014 generation of turbo-hybrid engines. Drivers must weigh at least 80 kg (176.4 lb); any driver that does not make this minimum will be given ballast to make up the difference. This ballast will be located around the seat to minimise possible performance gains. The changes were introduced to prevent drivers with a naturally-smaller body shape from having an advantage over taller and heavier drivers and to discourage drivers from pursuing unhealthy diet and exercise regimes in the name of performance gains.
The FIA introduced a new standard for driver helmets designed to improve safety. Under the new standard, helmets will be subjected to a more thorough range of crash tests aimed at improving energy absorption and deflection as well as reducing the likelihood of objects penetrating the helmet's structure. All certified helmet manufacturers were required to pass the tests in advance of the 2019 championship to have their certification renewed. Once introduced to Formula One, the new standard will gradually be applied to all helmets used by competitors in every FIA-sanctioned event.
Tyre supplier Pirelli renamed its range of tyres following a request from the FIA and the sport's management. The governing body argued that the naming conventions used in 2018 were obtuse and difficult for casual spectators to understand. Under the new plan, the names given to particular compounds (such as "hypersoft" and "ultrasoft") will disappear, and will instead be replaced by referring during each race to the three compounds teams have available for that race as soft, medium and hard. This is hoped to aid fans understanding the tyre compounds used at each round. The actual compounds for the season will be referred to by number to the teams, with "1" being the firmest. With the total number of compounds for the season reduced to five, "5" will be the softest tyre, although having six compounds remains a possibility, with the final number to be determined following post-season testing.[note 2] Pirelli will continue to decide which three compounds to be made available for each race. Similarly, the practice of using different colors to refer to the specific compound (such as pink for the hypersoft) will be discontinued, with white, yellow and red being used for the three compounds available for each race. There will be slight variations in the details on the tyre sidewalls to distinguish between different compounds.
- Formula One measures fuel, oil and engine fluids in mass rather than volume as these fluids expand and contract when subject to heat and as a result the volume may change; however, the mass remains the same regardless of fluid temperature.
- Seven compounds were technically available in 2018, although as was expected the "superhard" tyre was never used.
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