2019 Greek legislative election

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2019 Greek legislative election

← September 2015 7 July 2019 2023 →

All 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament
151 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered9,962,261
Turnout57.91%
  First party Second party Third party
  Kyriakos Mitsotakis (cropped).jpg Alexis Tsipras Fofi Gennimata
Leader Kyriakos Mitsotakis Alexis Tsipras Fofi Gennimata
Party ND SYRIZA KINAL
Leader since 11 January 2016 9 February 2008 14 June 2015
Leader's seat Athens B Heraklion Athens B
Last election 28.1%, 75 seats 35.5%, 145 seats 6.3%, 17 seats
Seats won 158 86 22
Seat change Increase83 Decrease59 Increase5
Popular vote 2,251,426 1,781,180 457,527
Percentage 39.85% 31.53% 8.10%
Swing Increase11.76 pp Decrease3.93 pp Increase1.71 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Dimitris Koutsoumpas Yanis Varoufakis by Olaf Kosinsky-0658.jpg
Leader Dimitris Koutsoumpas Kyriakos Velopoulos Yanis Varoufakis
Party KKE EL MeRA25
Leader since 14 April 2013 28 June 2016 2018
Leader's seat Athens B
Last election 5.6%, 15 seats
Seats won 15 10 9
Seat change Steady0 New New
Popular vote 299,595 208,806 194,233
Percentage 5.30% 3.70% 3.44%
Swing Decrease0.25 pp New New

Greek legislative elections 2019 map.svg
Electoral districts showing the largest party by number of votes. Blue indicates districts where New Democracy was the largest, and Pink indicates districts where SYRIZA was the largest.

Prime Minister before election

Alexis Tsipras
SYRIZA

Elected Prime Minister

Kyriakos Mitsotakis
ND

The 2019 Greek legislative election was held on 7 July 2019.[1] All 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament were contested.

Preliminary results showed that the New Democracy party, led by Kyriakos Mitsotakis, won 158 seats, an outright majority that is more than double the party's previous representation. The party took nearly 40% of the popular vote.

This was the first national election in Greece and third election overall since the voting age was lowered to 17, and the number of parliamentary constituencies was increased from 56 to 59. Athens B, the largest constituency with 44 seats before the 2018 reform, was broken up into smaller constituencies, the largest of which has 18 seats.

On 26 May 2019, following his defeat in the 2019 European Parliament election in Greece and the concurrent local elections, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras announced that a snap election would be held as soon as possible following the second round of the 2019 municipal elections.[2]

Electoral system

A visual representation of the seat allocation system used in Greece
Ballots and election booths for the 2019 legislative elections in Greece

Compulsory voting was in force for the elections, with voter registration being automatic.[3] However, none of the legally existing penalties or sanctions have ever been enforced.[4]

A number of changes to the electoral system were introduced following the September 2015 elections. The voting age was reduced from 18 to 17 in July 2016,[5] with the same law also abolishing the majority bonus system, which gave a 50-seat bonus to the largest party. Instead, all 300 seats would be awarded proportionally.[5] However, this law did not come into effect for the 2019 elections, as it was not approved with the required supermajority despite the Syriza-led government expressing support for its introduction for the 2019 elections.[6] As a result, the previous system remained in force, with 250 seats elected in multi-member constituencies using a 3% electoral threshold, plus 50 bonus seats for the largest party.

The number of parliamentary constituencies was also modified in December 2018, with Athens B split into Athens B1 (North), Athens B2 (West), and Athens B3 (South), while Attica was split into East Attica and West Attica.[7]

Opinion polls

OpinionPollingGreeceGeneralElection2019.png

Conduct

A few minutes before the polls closed, a group of young protesters stormed the 33-d polling station in the distinct of Exarcheia in Athens and stole the ballot box. Subsequently, a previously unknown anarchist group called 'Ballot-seeking Arsonists' claimed responsibility. The group claimed that they burned the stolen ballot box. As a result, a repeat election at the same polling station was held a week later, on Sunday, 14 July.[8][9] The results did not change the final allocation of seats due to the small volume of votes.

Results

Grèce Vouli 2019.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
New Democracy 2,251,426 39.85 158 +83
Syriza 1,781,180 31.53 86 –59
Movement for Change 457,527 8.10 22 +5
Communist Party of Greece 299,595 5.30 15 0
Greek Solution 208,806 3.70 10 New
MeRA25 194,233 3.44 9 New
Golden Dawn 165,711 2.93 0 –18
Course of Freedom 82,673 1.46 0 New
Union of Centrists 70,161 1.24 0 –9
Recreate Greece 41,647 0.74 0 0
United Popular Front 28,269 0.50 0 0
Antarsya 23,191 0.41 0 0
Popular Unity 15,930 0.28 0 0
Greek Assembly 14,173 0.25 0 0
Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist) 7,778 0.14 0 0
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Greece 2,791 0.05 0 0
Workers Revolutionary Party 1,993 0.04 0 0
Organisation of Internationalist Communists of Greece 1,675 0.03 0 0
Syn...Fonia Politikon Kommaton 96 0.00 0 0
Independents 472 0.01 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 120,172
Total 5,769,542 100 300 0
Registered voters/turnout 9,962,261 57.91
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References

  1. ^ "Greek elections: New Democracy on course for majority". BBC News. 7 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  2. ^ "After defeat, Greek PM calls for snap elections | Kathimerini". www.ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Constitution of Greece" (PDF). Hellenic Parliament. Retrieved 5 November 2011. Article 51, Clause 5: The exercise of the right to vote is compulsory.
  4. ^ Υποχρεωτική η ψήφος αλλά "παγωμένες" οι κυρώσεις [Voting is mandatory, but penalties "frozen"]. Eleftherotypia (in Greek). Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  5. ^ a b Εφημερίδα της Κυβερνήσεως τη Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας [Government Gazette of the Hellenic Republic] (in Greek), A (133), Athens: National Publishing House, 27 July 2016, retrieved 12 February 2019
  6. ^ "Σκουρλέτης: Μακάρι η απλή αναλογική να εφαρμοστεί στις επόμενες εκλογές" [Skourletis: I hope the simple proportional representation system will be enforced in the next elections]. www.kathimerini.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  7. ^ Εφημερίδα της Κυβερνήσεως τη Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας [Government Gazette of the Hellenic Republic] (in Greek), A (225), Athens: National Publishing House, 31 December 2018, retrieved 12 February 2019
  8. ^ "Anarchist group claims responsibility for stolen ballot box". Kathimerini. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Anarchists Storm Polling Station and Burn Ballot Box in Athens". Greek Reporter. 7 July 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.