2019 Indian general election
543 seats in the Lok Sabha
272 seats needed for a majority
- 1 Background
- 2 Campaign
- 3 Voter demographics
- 4 Alliances
- 5 Parities
- 6 Opinion polling
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
The 543 elected MPs will be elected from single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting. The President of India nominates an additional two members from the Anglo-Indian community if he believes the community is under-represented.
Eligible voters must be Indian citizens, 18 or older, an ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency and possess a valid voter identification card issued by the Election Commission of India. Some people convicted of electoral or other offences are barred from voting.
The previous general election was held for 16th Lok Sabha in April–May month of 2014 which was won by National Democratic Alliance (NDA) led by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) under the leadership of the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi by defeating the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) led by Indian National Congress (Congress). In the previous general election Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) gained 282 parliamentary seats and Indian National Congress (Congress) gained 44. Earlier there were speculations that the Modi Government might prepone the 2019 general elections to counter the anti-incumbency factor, however learning from its past blunder of preponing election made by Vajpayee Government it decided to go into election as per the normal schedule  which is likely to be announced by Election Commission of India (ECI) in the first week of March 2019.
On 12 January 2019, Indian prime minister Narendra Modi launched the Bharatiya Janata Party's election campaign, which sought a second term in government. Commentators have suggested that Modi and BJP will base their campaign on Hindu nationalism, relative to their 2014 campaign, which had emphasized job creation and economic developemnt.
On the same day, both Mayawati (president of the Bahujan Samaj Party) and Akhilesh Yadav (president of the Samajwadi Party) announced an alliance to contest 76 seats out of the 80 in Uttar Pradesh and the alliance will not fight in Amethi and Rae Bareli as they are represented by Rahul Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi . The alliance did not include Congress, which Mayawati explained: "Including Congress in the alliance will hurt SP-BSP prospects as Congress's votes do not get transferred." The alliance was the second of its kind with a similar coalition formed 25 years ago in 1993.
Low food prices and low growth rate of the agricultural sector has created massive agrarian distress, resulting in a large number of farmer protests across country. In order to mitigate the crisis National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government announced an increase in minimum support price but the increase as well as its effective implementation are highly debated.
The NDA government announced a "PM-Kisan scheme" which promises an annual direct monetary assistance of Rs 6,000 to small and marginal farmers, unveiled in the Interim Union budget of India on 1 February 2019. However, the government's initiative was considered insufficient by farmers from various parts of country. Unhappy with the PM-Kisan scheme, the Bhartiya Kisan Union has called for a bandh on 14 February 2019. Trinamool Congress-led Government of West Bengal and Congress-led Government of Madhya Pradesh have questioned the merits of the PM-Kisan scheme.
As of at least 7 February 2019, the NDA government denied the existence of any job crisis. Prime minister Narendra Modi claimed that jobs are not lacking but data on jobs has been lacking. CMIE report on job loss showed 11 million job lost in 2018 alone. Government has delayed releasing of the official report on unemployment. Two government officials, including the acting chairperson of National Statistical Commission, resigned, protesting the withholding of the Annual Survey on Employment and Unemployment for the year 2017-18. A leaked version of the report showed unemployment rate in India at a 45-year high during 2017-2018. Government has claimed that the report was not final. But the acting chairperson that resigned has alleged that the government was suppressing the report. A former chairman of the NSC, said, on condition of anonymity, that the report approved by the NSC would be the final version.
Alleged undermining of democratic institutions and processes
Opposition parties have claimed that the NDA government is destroying democratic institutions and processes. The judiciary, parliament, media, Reserve Bank of India, Central Bureau of Investigation, Right to Information Act are claimed to have been undermined by the government. Opposition parties have campaigned heavily on this issue.
Alleging a coup by the prime minister Narendra Modi and the BJP president Amit Shah in West Bengal, the Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee sat on a "Save the Constitution" dharna in Kolkata on 3 February 2019. The Bharatiya Janata Party claimed that Mamata Banerjee sat on dharna to protect the corrupt. Congress, Aam Aadmi Party, Telugu Desam Party, Rashtriya Janata Dal, Jammu & Kashmir National Conference, Makkal Needhi Maiam, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam expressed solidarity with Mamata Banerjee. The standoff ended after Supreme Court of India verdict with both Trinamool Congress and the NDA government claiming victory.
The BJP supports the building of a Ram temple on the disputed land in Ayodhya. It is seen that the party will campaign heavily on the issue during the election. It is viewed that prime minister Narendra Modi and the Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath are pushing for the construction of the Ram temple because to garner the majority Hindu vote.
The Supreme Court has dismissed public interest litigations on the Rafale deal and said that the processes were followed without any commercial favouritism to industrialist Anil Ambani, one of the beneficiaries of the deal. However the judgement was riddled with factual errors about a nonexistent Comptroller and Auditor General report on the audit of the Rafale deal and a nonexistent report being examined by the Public Accounts Committee. Congress , while not being a petitioner, has alleged that the NDA government misled the Supreme Court and raised questions about existence of the CAG report. Government has claimed that it did not mislead the Supreme Court but the Supreme Court misinterpreted statements made by government in sealed cover submitted by it. The government has asked the Supreme Court to correct the error in its judgement. A review petition on the Rafale deal deal judgement has been filed by the original petitioners on 2 January 2019. The Aam Aadmi Party member of parliament moved the Supreme Court seeking a review of the verdict on 14 January 2019 . Congress has been demanding a joint parliamentary committee to investigate the Rafale deal.
After fresh revelations in The Hindu, based on an official document about defence ministry protesting the prime minister`s role in conducting parallel negotiations and undermining the Rafale negotiations, the Congress launched fresh attacks on prime minister Narendra Modi. The defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman rejected all fresh claims made by Congress. In another leaked document the former defence minister Manohar Parrikar replied to defence ministry note as over-reaction. More questions were raised by Congress and Jammu & Kashmir National Conference about the former minister's reply to the defence ministry note. Arvind Kejriwal of Aam Aadmi Party demanded a raid by the Central Bureau of Investigation on the Prime Minister's office in the light of fresh leaks. Aam Aadmi Party also lodged a police compliant against the prime minister Narendra Modi.
Citizenship amendment bill
The citizenship amendment bill brought to parliament plans to allow illegal immigrants from certain religions a path to Indian citizenship. The bill has led to political backlash in Assam and caused unrest in other parts of India's northeast, with protests by ethnic Assamese groups. On 7 January 2019, 70 organizations across Assam observed "Disgust Day" and protested the bill. On 29 January 2019, 10 Northeast India political parties and National Democratic Alliance ally Janata Dal (United) met in Assam and decided to oppose the bill.
On 8 February 2019, Modi began a visit to three northeast states. To protest against the bill, the All Assam Students Union raised slogans and raised black flags to prime minister Narendra Modi in Guwahati . Due to protests, restrictions on assembly were imposed in Guwahati under Section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. Asom Gana Parishad staged a march with torches.
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Note : Data given below is just for certain states and not the entire country.
National Democratic Alliance
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the Indian general election, 2019
|Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Janata Dal (United)||17|
|Shiromani Akali Dal||10|
|Lok Janshakti Party||6|
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party
Asom Gana Parishad
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha
United Progressive Alliance
List of United Progressive Alliance candidates in the Indian general election, 2019
|Indian National Congress|
|Nationalist Congress Party||24|
|Jharkhand Mukti Morcha||4|
|Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)||2|
|Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|Bahujan Samaj Party ||38|
In the run-up to the next Indian general election, various organisations will carry out opinion polling to gauge voting intentions in India. Results of such polls are displayed in this list. The date range for these opinion polls is from the previous general election, held in April and May 2014, to the present day.
|Date published||Polling agency||Others||Leadα||Majority|
|Feb 2019||VDP Associates||242||148||153||94||Hung|
|Jan 2019||Times Now-VMR||252||147||144||105||Hung|
|Jan 2019||Deccan Herald||160-175||180-200||160-180||5-40||Hung|
|Jan 2019||ABP News -Cvoter||233||167||143||66||Hung|
|Jan 2019||India Today -Karvy||237||166||140||67||Hung|
|Jan 2019||VDP Associates||225||167||150||58||Hung|
|Dec 2018||India Today||257||146||140||111||Hung|
|Dec 2018||ABP News - C Voter||247||171||125||76||Hung|
|Dec 2018||India TV - CNX||281||124||138||157||9|
|Nov 2018||ABP News - C Voter||261||119||163||142||Hung|
|Oct 2018||ABP News||276||112||155||164||4|
|Aug 2018||India Today- Karvy||281||122||140||159||9|
|May 2018||ABP News-CSDS||274||164||105||110||2|
|Jan 2018||India Today||309||102||132||207||37|
|Aug 2017||India Today||349||75||119||276||77|
|Jan 2017||India Today||370||60||123||310||98|
|Aug 2016||India Today||304||94||145||210||32|
|Feb 2016||India Today||286||110||147||176||14|
|Aug 2015||India Today||288||81||174||207||16|
|April–May 2014||General election results||336||60||113||276||64|
- α.^ Only formally announced alliances used to calculate lead. Others / non allied parties not used in calculation.
This is to certify that some of the data has been added by unanymous users, so this involves the opinions of many in one portal.
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- Electoral system IPU
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