2019 Jamia Millia Islamia attack

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Jamia protest
Part of Citizenship Amendment Act protests
JMI students and locals protesting against CAA NRC.jpg
Jamia students and locals protesting, c. 15 December 2019, a few hours before the attack.
Date15 December 2019 (2019-12-15)
Location
Methodslathi charge, tear gas
Parties to the civil conflict
Protestors (mostly Jamia students)
Lead figures
Jamia Coordination Committee (leaderless) Commissioner of Police, Delhi under the jurisdiction of Home Ministry
Casualties
Injuries60-80[1][2]
Arrested15
Detained50

The Jamia Millia Islamia attack refers to the forceful entry by Delhi police into the Jamia Millia Islamia university during a confrontation with student protesters that started outside the campus on 15 December 2019. Hundreds of police officers forcefully entered the campus and detained more than a hundred students during the confrontation with the protesters. The police used batons and tear gas to disperse protesters. The police also entered the university library and washrooms and in the process of the violence ransacked parts of it.[3] The visuals of students being dragged and assaulted by the police were telecast by news channels. About two hundred people were injured[4] and were admitted to AIIMS and the Holy Family Hospital.[5]

Thousands of people protested outside the Delhi Police Headquarters immediately after the attack.[6] Reactionary protests were held in all the major cities of India. The attack triggered widespread controversy and garnered international condemnation.[7] The Human Rights Watch urged the Indian government to order a probe into the attack.[8]

Background[edit]

The Citizenship Amendment Act protests are a series of ongoing protests in India against the Citizenship Amendment Act, or CAA. The university of Jamia Millia Islamia became a center of the protest.

13 December protest[edit]

On 13 December 2019, the students of Jamia Millia Islamia University undertook a march to the Parliament protesting against the CAA. They were prevented from going ahead by the police who used batons and tear gas to disperse the protesters leading to clashes with them. Fifty students were detained by the police after the clash. According to the students, police attacked the peaceful protesters with stones and batons, in which several students were injured. The students then retaliated with stones.[9] Police denied the allegations claiming that after the protesters were prevented from taking their march forward they attacked the policemen with stones, after which the police used tear gas shells.[9] Several students were injured in a baton charge.[10]

Attack[edit]

On the morning of 15 December 2019, more than two thousand students of Jamia joined the protests against CAA in Delhi.[11] Jamia Millia Student Body and Jamia Millia Islamia Teacher's Association (JTA) condemned the violence that happened on the same day in Delhi and stated that no student or teacher was involved in the violence.[12]

On 15 December, Delhi Police attacked students of Jamia Millia Islamia including Shaheen Abdullah, Chanda Yadav, Ladeeda Farzana and Aysha Renna at New Friends Colony.[13]

At 6:46 pm on 15 December 2019, hundreds of police officers, during confrontations with violent protesters, forcefully entered the campus of Jamia, without the permission of college authority.[12][14] The police used batons and tear gas on the protesting students.[4] Nearly a hundred students were detained by the Delhi police and released at 3:30 am next morning.[15] The visuals of students being dragged and assaulted by the police was telecast by news channels. Students from all across Delhi joined the agitation.[6] About two hundred people were injured[4] and were admitted to AIIMS and the Holy Family Hospital.[5]

Attack on library[edit]

The police fired tear gas canisters inside the main library. Students scrambled over desks and smashed windows to escape.[16][17] In a video, released in 15 December 2019, it can be seen that the students who were taking refuge inside the library were trying to escape from the reading room where tear gas was fired.[18] Later, the police denied entering the library.[19] On 15 February 2020, the Jamia Coordination Committee released a CCTV footage which confirms that indeed police and para-military personnel entered into the research scholar section of the library and randomly beat up students who can be seen sitting and reading at their respective seats.[20][21][22] Another video posted by Maktoob Media, an online media platform, shows that the police broke the door of the PG reading room of the library and started beating the students.[23] The students could be seen pleading with the police not to beat them but it was in vain. The police brutality and vandalism continued and at the end the police can be seen damaging the CCTV which was capturing the incidents.[24] The Quint released another video on 17 February 2020, where it can be seen that police and para-military personnel entered the library and vandalised, breaking chairs and reading desk and damaging CCTVs. It can also be seen that the police lathi charged the frightened students who were trying their best to hide to save themselves from such brutality.[25]

Firing[edit]

On 16 December 2019, two students of Jamia were admitted to the Safdarjung Hospital with bullet injuries received during the protests on 15 December.[4] One of the victims, M. Tamin stated that he was not participating in the protest and was passing through the area on a motorcycle, when police suddenly started caning the protesters and he was shot in the leg by police from point blank range.[26] The doctors treating him stated that the wounds were gunshot wounds.[27][28] The police stated that they were investigating the allegations of gunshot.[5]

Aftermath[edit]

The university shut down until 5 January 2020 and the residents were asked to leave the campus.[29][30][31]

Investigation[edit]

On 12 January, vice-chancellor Najma Akhtar said that she would approach the court to file an FIR against the Delhi Police. However, no FIR is filed yet. She also assured students that campus security would be improved.[32] An internal probe by the Delhi police revealed that at least three bullets were fired during the crackdown.[33][34][35]

On 30 January, Delhi Police identified photos of 69 people suspected of being involved in violence and rioting during the protest against CAA in Jamia Nagar.[36]

Reactions[edit]

Some celebrity alumni of Jamia, including Shah Rukh Khan,[37] Virender Sehwag,[38] and Kabir Khan[39] were criticized for the failure to condemn the crackdown on their alma mater.

Protests[edit]

A protest tree outside the Jamia Millia Islamia campus on 15 February 2020

Protests were held in solidarity with Jamia students in several major universities across the subcontinent, including IIM Ahmedabad,[40] Banaras Hindu University,[41] Dhaka University,[42] and IIT Bombay.[43] Over 400 scholars from US universities including Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Stanford, and Tufts issued a joint statement expressing solidarity with Jamia students.[44][7][45]

Further violence[edit]

A juvenile Hindu nationalist opened fire at a protest at the Jamia Millia Islamia, injuring one student.[46][47] The event happened on the 72nd anniversary of the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, also by a Hindu nationalist. He was arrested and charged with attempted murder.[47] The man shouted slogans of "Jai Shri Ram" (Victory to Lord Rama) and "Delhi Police Zindabad" (Long live Delhi police).[48] Before open firing at the protestors, the attacker shouted "Kisko chahiye Azadi? Main Dunga Azadi" (Who wants freedom? I will give freedom).[49]

On 2 February 2020, late at night when people were protesting, two unidentified men fired shots near gate 5 of the University, the third attack in the area after 2nd attack during the Shaheen Bagh protest. Though there was no casualty reported.[50]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Protests erupt across India over CAA, police action against Jamia students". The Economic Times. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  2. ^ Singh, Mausami (17 December 2019). "80 students undergo treatment at Delhi hospital after violence at Jamia". The India Today. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  3. ^ "'Cops Entered Bathrooms, Libraries and Beat up Girls': Jamia Students Recount Sunday Night Horror". News18. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d Slater, Joanna. "Protests erupt across India against new citizenship law after police storm university campus". Washington Post. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Jamia protest: Two men admitted to Safdarjung Hospital with 'gunshot injury', say sources". The New Indian Express. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Protesting Against Jamia Crackdown, JNU Students Call for Overnight Stir; Thousands Gather at Delhi Police HQ". News18. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  7. ^ a b Sirur, Simrin (17 December 2019). "'Shocking violence' — Harvard, Yale students & academics condemn police action in Jamia, AMU". ThePrint. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Repeal CAA, order probe into police brutality: Human Rights Watch to Centre". India Today. 17 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  9. ^ a b "50 Jamia students detained after clash with cops during CAB protest". The Hindu. 13 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  10. ^ "50 Jamia students detained after clash with Delhi cops during Citizenship Act protest".
  11. ^ "Protests spread across India over new citizenship law which excludes Muslims". CNN. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  12. ^ a b "CAA Unrest: Dozens of Jamia Students Held, No Internet in Aligarh". The Quint. 15 December 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  13. ^ ""Thought Cops Wouldn't Attack Women": Jamia Student Seen in Viral Video".
  14. ^ "Jamia protests: Delhi Police release photos of 70 people involved in anti-CAA protests near Jamia". The Times of India. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  15. ^ "UP Police Station Set On Fire, Citizenship Law Protesters Tear-Gassed". NDTV.com. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  16. ^ "Bloodstains, used tear gas shell in Jamia library capture Sunday's violence". Hindustan Times. 17 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  17. ^ "Police fire teargas inside university library during India citizenship protests – video". The Guardian. 17 December 2019. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  18. ^ "On Camera, Jamia Students Take Cover In Library As Police Fire Tear Gas". The NDTV. 15 December 2019. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  19. ^ Bhandari, Hemani (18 December 2019). "Police deny entering university library". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Exclusive footage of Police brutality in Old reading hall". Jamia Coordination Committee. Twitter. 15 February 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  21. ^ "Jamia Protesters Release Video Of Cops Attacking Students In Library". The NDTV. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  22. ^ Ravi, Sidharth (16 February 2020). "Video of police brutality in Jamia Millia Islamia library goes viral". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  23. ^ "Beyond the 'Uncut Exclusive': CCTV footage released by media has more to say". Maktoob. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  24. ^ "Extended footage of police brutality in Jamia library". Maktoob Media. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  25. ^ "Footage from Jamia library shows cops trying to vandalise CCTV". The Quint. 17 February 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  26. ^ P, Tanushree (16 December 2019). "Jamia protest aftermath: Passerby shot in leg, claims police took shot without cause". India Today. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  27. ^ "Near Jamia Protest Site, 2 Men Get 'Gunshot Injury'; Police Say Wounds Could be Due to Tear Gas Shells". News18. 16 December 2019.
  28. ^ Pandey, Tanushree (16 December 2019). "#EXCLUSIVE Medical report of Mohd Tamin,passer-by who was allegedly shot by Delhi Police during #JamiaProtests reads GUN SHOT INJURY ON LEFT LEG. Tamin told me "I was crossing the area,when chaos broke out. Told police I'm not a protestor, but they took a straight shot at my leg"". @TanushreePande. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  29. ^ Desk, The Hindu Net (16 December 2019). "Citizenship Act protests live updates | Opposition spreading 'falsehood' about Citizenship Act: Shah". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  30. ^ "India PM plea for calm as citizenship unrest rages". 16 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  31. ^ "India citizenship law protests spread across campuses". Reuters. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  32. ^ "Will approach court for filing FIR against Delhi Police: Jamia VC". The Economic Times. 13 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  33. ^ "Jamia Violence: Delhi Police Internal Probe Reveals 3 Bullets Were Fired, Says Report". The Wire. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  34. ^ "Jamia violence: Two Delhi police officers fired guns during CAA protests, reveals internal inquiry". Scroll.in. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  35. ^ "Jamia protests: Delhi Police fired in air in self-defence, say sources". India Today. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  36. ^ "Jamia Violence: Police Releases Photos of 69 Suspected People". Molitics. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  37. ^ "Say Something, You're From Jamia Too, Says Roshan Abbas to Shah Rukh Khan". News18. 18 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  38. ^ "The country deserves a better class of role models". The Bridge. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  39. ^ "Jamia Who? CAA What? Many Bollywood Stars Are Still Silent On Student Protests". HuffPost India. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  40. ^ "Protest outside IIM-A in support of Jamia students; 50 held". The Hindu. PTI. 16 December 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 25 January 2020.CS1 maint: others (link)
  41. ^ "'In solidarity with Jamia': From Mumbai University to BHU, students across India protest 'police brutality' on demonstrators at AMU, Jamia, Guwahati University". Firstpost. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  42. ^ "Students In Bangladesh Protest In Solidarity With Jamia Millia Islamia And AMU". HuffPost India. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  43. ^ "3 IITs join chorus against crackdown on Jamia, AMU students". The Economic Times. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  44. ^ "From Oxford to Harvard, universities abroad see protests against police crackdown in Jamia, AMU". The Economic Times. 17 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  45. ^ "Students from premier foreign varsities protest police crackdown in Jamia, AMU". Livemint. 17 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  46. ^ "Student injured as man fires at university protest". BBC News. 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  47. ^ a b "Class 12 Student Who Fired At Jamia Protest Charged With Attempted Murder". NDTV news. 31 January 2020.
  48. ^ "Man Opens Fire in Delhi's Jamia at Anti-CAA Rally, Shouts 'Jai Shri Ram, Yeh Lo Azadi' Slogans". News18. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  49. ^ "Massive Protests After Man Shoots Jamia Student, Shouts "Yeh Lo Azaadi"". NDTV.com. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  50. ^ "Jamia firing: Two gunmen fire shots near gate 5 of university, third attack in area". The India Today. 3 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.

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