2019 Lebanon forest fires

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Lebanon Wildfires 2019
Date(s)October 13, 2019 —
Burned areaMount Lebanon regions[1]
Land useForest, Residential
Non-fatal injuries
  • 50 civilians
  • 5 firefighters[2]

Lebanon Wildfires 2019 is a series of about 100 forest fires according to Lebanese Civil Defense, which broke out on Sunday 13 October at night, and spread over large areas of Lebanon's forests. It came on large areas of forests and residential areas in both the Chouf, Khroub and other areas to the south of Beirut, while four houses were completely burned. Residents were directed to evacuate their homes for fear of suffocation and threatening their lives. At least one civilian reportedly died in the Chouf area while volunteering to help firefighters extinguish a fire. The intensity of smoke clouds caused by the fires reached a limit covering the entrances of Beirut, Chouf and Saida.[4] [5]

Possible Causes[edit]

According to preliminary reports, the fires started on Sunday evening, October 13,[6] Because of high temperatures that reached 38 degrees Celsius and gusts dry winds helped spreading fires in forests and green areas. But many officials said it was too early to know the cause of the fires and that would be investigated.

Fire Resistance[edit]

A Mu'azin in one of the Mosques of Dibbiyeh village in the Chouf district of mount Lebanon, calling both Muslims and Christians who have lost their homes in the wildfires to seek refuge inside the mosque.

The Lebanese Civil Defense confronted the fires for two days, but the lack of equipment and the large-scale expansion of fires led to its inability to resist fires. Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Al-Hariri confirmed his contact with a number of countries to send assistance via helicopters and firefighting planes,[7] In response to these calls, Cyprus rushed to send two planes that participated with Lebanese army helicopters in the suppression operations.[8] Jordan, Turkey and Greece also participated in firefighting. According to press reports on Tuesday (October 15th), fire has decreased in different places due to rains

Fire Fighting Participants[edit]

  •  Lebanon
    • The Lebanese civil defense elements and the army planes do great efforts to deal with the fires, but the lack of resources hindered their work.[9]
    • Displaced Palestinians and Syrians participated in extinguishing fires, and the Palestinian Civil Defense in the camps used its crews and equipment in fire fighting.[9]
  •  Cyprus
    • Cyprus sent two planes to help put out fires.
  •  Jordan
    • Two planes arrived from Jordan to participate in extinguishing fires.[10][11]
  •  Turkey
    • Turkey sent planes to help put out fires.[12]
  •  Greece
    • Greece sent planes to put out fires.[12]

International Response[edit]

  •  Israel
    • Israel took advantage of the event and built a concrete wall in a disputed area in Wazzani. The Lebanese Minister of Defense said that he will communicate with the concerned parties to take the necessary actions for this matter.[13]
  •  Ghana
    • Ghana informed the Ambassador of Lebanon of its readiness to send tree seedlings to reforest all forests and burned forests.[14]


  1. ^ a b Brennan, Sam (October 20, 2019). "Why Lebanon's wildfires risk is becoming more common". Al Monitor. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  2. ^ Za za, Bassam (October 15, 2019). "Lebanon turns to neighbours to douse forest fires". Gulf News. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  3. ^ Haddad, Joumana (October 19, 2019). "Lebanon Is on Fire". The New York TImes. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  4. ^ The death of Salim Abu Mujahid during his contribution to extinguish the fires in the Chouf, Elnashra, published on October 15, 2019, entered on October 16, 2019.
  5. ^ Lebanon witnesses dozens of huge fires and requests outside help, BBC Arabic, published 15 October 2019, entered 16 October 2019.
  6. ^ Lebanon burns and ignites the sites of communication, Al-Arabiya, published on October 15, 2019, entered on October 16, 2019.
  7. ^ Massive fires devour the forest of Lebanon, Aljazeera.com, published on October 15, 2019, entered on 16 October 2019.
  8. ^ Many fires sweeping towns in Lebanon, AlHurra, Published on October 15, 2019, entered on October 16, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Citizens Prayer: O Allah, do not abandon the sky of Lebanon, Al-Qabas, published on October 15, 2019, Entered on 16 October 2019.
  10. ^ Two Jordanian planes arrive at Beirut Airport to help extinguish fires, ElNashra, published 15 October 2019, entered on 16 October 2019.
  11. ^ Lebanon-Fire arrives Syria, terrifying videos and Jordan intervenes, Al-Hurra, entered October 16, 2019.
  12. ^ a b Three countries send their planes to help Lebanon extinguish fires, Sputnik, published on October 15, 2019, entered on October 16, 2019.
  13. ^ Israel exploits fires in Lebanon… doing a “dangerous” job, LBC, published 15 October 2019, entered 16 October 2019.
  14. ^ Ghana express its readiness to send seedlings and trees to reforest forests and burned forests, ElNashra, published on 16 October 2019, entered on 16 October 2019.