2019 London summit

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NATO Summit London 2019
2019 London Summit
President Trump Attends the NATO Plenary Session (49168782746).jpg
Host countryUnited Kingdom
Date3–4 December 2019
CitiesWatford, Hertfordshire, England
Follows2018 Brussels summit

The 2019 London Summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was the 30th formal meeting of the heads of state and heads of government of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It was held in The Grove, Watford, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, on 3 and 4 December 2019.[1]

Leaders and other dignitaries in attendance[edit]

Member states[edit]

Non-member states and organisations[edit]


U.S. President Donald Trump said French President Emmanuel Macron's November comment that NATO was in a state of "brain death" for its reaction to the 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria was "very, very nasty."[2] The two leaders disagreed about terrorism, trade, and France's contributions to NATO's budget. Trump mentioned the possibility of France "breaking off" from NATO, although Macron made no such suggestion.[3]

Trump and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson did not meet because Johnson was concerned about Trump's possible interference with the 12 December UK general election.[4][5]

While meeting with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Trump complained that Canada is "slightly delinquent" in its contribution to NATO because it pays less than 2% of its GDP on the military.[6] The two leaders had a friendly discussion about the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement.[2] Later, during a reception at Buckingham Palace, Trudeau, Johnson, Macron, and Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte[5] seemed to mock Trump because of a 45-minute press conference.[6] In turn, Trump called Trudeau, "two-faced," referencing Canada's military spending.[5]

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan insisted that NATO members formally recognize the Kurdish YPG as a terrorist organization.[3][7] Erdoğan and Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis also met to discuss a contentious maritime agreement signed between Turkey and Libya for the definition of maritime zones in the Eastern Mediterranean.[8]


Due to its political crisis, Spain was the last country left to approve North Macedonia's NATO membership; nonetheless, North Macedonia was given a seat at the summit alongside other members and represented by a delegation headed by Prime Minister Zoran Zaev.[9]

On 26 November 2019, an earthquake struck Albania. At the NATO London summit, constructive discussions were held by Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama with Macron, Trump, Trudeau, Johnson and other European leaders over establishing an international conference for financial aid.[10][11][12]


  1. ^ "Annual NATO Meeting". Associated Press. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b Macron stands by NATO 'brain death' comment in clash with Trump Al Jazeera. Retrieved 4 December 2019
  3. ^ a b Trump and Macron clash as Nato leaders gather Michael Peel and Laura Pitel, Financial Times, 4 December 2019
  4. ^ For Trump and Europe, a Surprising Role Reversal Mark Landler, The New York Times, 4 December 2019
  5. ^ a b c NATO summit: Trump calls Trudeau 'two-faced' over gossip video Sky News, 4 December 2019
  6. ^ a b World leaders appear to mock Trump during tense NATO summit CBS News, 4 December 2019
  7. ^ Turkey to oppose NATO plan if it fails to recognize terrorism threats: Erdogan Reuters World News, 3 December 2019
  8. ^ Mitsotakis-Erdogan meeting on Wed. in London Naftemporiki, 3 December 2019
  9. ^ Marusic, Sinisa Jakov (3 December 2019). "Spanish Hold-Up Delays North Macedonia's Full NATO Membership". Balkaninsight. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  10. ^ "EU pledges €15 million to Albania for earthquake relief". Deutsche Welle. 4 December 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Tërmeti në Shqipëri Boris Johnson Edi Rama na tregoi historitë e tmerrshme ramë dakort që të veprojmë kolektivisht për të ndihmuar". Gazeta Tema. 4 December 2019. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  12. ^ "Pas tërmetit: Donatorët ndërkombëtarë në Tiranë në janar 2020" (in Albanian). Deutsche Welle. 14 December 2019. Retrieved 27 December 2019.