2019 Moldovan parliamentary election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2019 Moldovan parliamentary election

← 2014 24 February 2019 Next →

All 101 seats in Parliament
51 seats needed for a majority
Turnout49.24% (Decrease 8.04%)
  First party Second party
  Zinaida Greceanîi, 2014 (cropped).jpg Vladimir Plahotniuc.jpg
Leader Zinaida Greceanîi Vladimir Plahotniuc
Party PSRM Democratic
Leader since 2016 2016
Last election 25 seats, 20.5% 19 seats, 15.8%
Seats won 35 30
Seat change Increase 10 Increase 11
Popular vote 441,191 334,539
Percentage 31.15% 23.62%
Swing Increase 10.65pp Increase 7.85pp

  Third party Fourth party
  Maia Sandu - EPP Summit - June 2017 (35463818515) (cropped).jpg
Leader Maia Sandu
Andrei Năstase
Ilan Shor
Party ACUM Șor
Leader since 2016 2016
Last election
Seats won 26 7
Seat change New New
Popular vote 380,181 117,779
Percentage 26.84% 8.32%
Swing New New

2019 Moldovan parliamentary election map.svg
The left map shows the winning party in the territorial election commissions, the right map shows the party of the winner in the single mandate constituencies.
  PSRM
  ACUM (DA and PAS)
  PDM
  Șor
  Independents

Prime Minister before election

Pavel Filip
PDM

Elected Prime Minister

Maia Sandu
PAS

Parliamentary elections were held in Moldova on 24 February 2019[1] in order to elect the 101 members of the Parliament of Moldova. The Constitution mandates that elections be held no later than four years and three months from the date of inauguration of the previous legislature.[2]

The elections were held under a parallel voting system, replacing the closed-list proportional system used in Moldova at all previous parliamentary elections since independence. The campaigning period began in November 2018 and continued up until the election day.[3]

Candidates from four parties were elected to Parliament: the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova, the Democratic Party of Moldova, the ACUM electoral alliance of DA and PAS, and the Șor Party. The Party of Communists failed to obtain any seats for the first time since independence.

The results were confirmed by Moldova's Constitutional Court on 9 March 2019.[4]

The results triggered a constitutional crisis in June.

Electoral system[edit]

The 101 seats in the Parliament were elected using a parallel voting system introduced in 2017; 50 MPs were elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency, with the other 51 elected from single-member constituencies.[5][6]

For the nationwide constituency, the electoral threshold varies depending on the type of list; for single parties or organisations it was 6%; for alliances of two parties it was 9%, and for alliances of three or more parties it was 11%. For independent candidates the threshold was 2%. Turnout must be at least 33% to validate the results.[7] There is still controversy against the new election system and a referendum in 2018 against it was considered possible.[5][8]

Parties[edit]

#[a] Name Ideology Leading
candidate(s)
1 PDM Democratic Party of Moldova Social democracy Vladimir Plahotniuc
2 ACUM DA Dignity and Truth Platform Populism Andrei Năstase
PAS Party of Action and Solidarity Liberalism Maia Sandu
3 PCRM Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova Moldovenism Vladimir Voronin
4 PSRM Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova Democratic socialism Zinaida Greceanîi
5 Șor Șor National conservatism Ilan Șor
6 MPA Anti-Mafia Popular Movement Populism Sergiu Mocanu
7 PPPN Our Party Social conservatism Ilian Cașu
8 PNL National Liberal Party National liberalism Vitalia Pavlicenco
9 PPVP People's Will Neoconservatism Ștefan Urâtu
10 PRM Party of Regions of Moldova Regionalism Pavel Kalinin
11 PPDA Democracy at Home Populism Ion Leașcenco
12 MPSN Hope Professionals' Movement Populism Andrei Donică
13 PPP Motherland Conservatism Sergiu Biriucov
14 PPPVE Ecologist Green Party Green politics Anatolie Prohnițchi
15 PL Liberal Party Conservative liberalism Dorin Chirtoacă

Opinion polls[edit]

Vote[edit]

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty. The threshold for a party to elect members is 6%.

Date Polling firm/source PSRM PLDM PCRM PDM PL PPPN PPEM ACUM Șor PUN Others Lead Decided
DA PAS
2019
3–16 February IMAS 33.8 ACUM 4.8 25.2 1.7 2.3 21.8 9.8 [b] 0.7 8.6 76.9
19–31 January IMAS 34.8 ACUM 6.8 22.5 1.7 1.6 23.4 8.2 [b] 1.2 11.4 81.9
19–31 January CBS-AXA 42.8 ACUM 2.4 19.3 0.9 2.8 25.1 5.8 [b] 1.0 17.7
17–26 January iData 41.0 ACUM 3.8 20.6 <1.0 1.9 25.6 5.4 [b] 1.4 20.4 78.0
4–19 January ASDM 49.2 ACUM 3.5 19.3 <1.0 2.8 19.1 4.4 [b] 1.7 29.9 82.4
5 December 2018 – 16 January 2019 IRI 43.3 2.2 3.3 15.5 1.1 2.2 10.0 14.4 5.6 2.2 27.8 89.0
2018
11–23 December 2018 IMAS 35.6 1.2 6.5 20.7 1.6 2.5 0.7 11.0 11.0 6.3 1.1 0.6 14.9 81.1
28 November–10 December 2018 ASDM 48.4 3.0 17.9 2.3 9.4 12.8 4.2 2.0 30.4 82.2
1-20 November 2018 ASDM 44.1 2.6 15.5 3.1 13.5 14.5 3.9 2.8 29.5 -
9-23 November 2018 BOP 45.5 1.0 3.4 15.0 1.6 2.4 0.2 9.9 14.6 5.9 0.2 0.4 30.5 -
20 October–9 November 2018 IMAS 36.0 1.7 7.7 20.9 2.0 3.7 1.6 9.4 8.5 6.6 0.7 1.1 15.1 75.2
11 September–16 October 2018 IRI 36.5 <1.0 4.6 13.7 1.1 2.3 <1.0 13.7 13.7 4.6 1.1 22.8 87.6
1-12 September 2018 ASDM 47.3 2.7 14.5 2.1 13.7 15.4 1.6 2.7 31.9 -
26 June–7 July 2018 ASDM 49.7 2.8 13.5 2.5 15.9 11.1 1.2 3.3 33.8 74.9
15–28 March 2018 ASDM 50.5 2.9 10.7 0.8 2.6 1.8 8.9 19.3 0.8 0.7 1.1 31.2 73.1
7 February–7 March 2018 IRI 43.9 4.9 9.8 2.4 2.4 2.4 4.9 24.4 1.2 2.4 21.5 83.0
16 February–6 March 2018 IMAS 38.9 0.8 7.9 16.2 2.0 3.4 3.2 7.3 16.4 3.2 0.5 0.2 22.5 -
2–18 January 2018 ASD 50.4 2.3 10.6 1.0 2.0 1.6 5.4 24.1 1.1 0.7 0.7 26.3 -
2017
18 November–5 December 2017 BOP 47.6 1.1 4.5 5.1 2.7 4.4 1.4 6.2 22.5 2.9 0.7 0.5 25.1 -
20 November–2 December 2017 ASDM 51.2 1.0 2.3 6.9 1.2 2.0 1.9 4.8 25.9 0.7 1.9 25.3 64.3
7–29 October 2017 Ziarul Timpul FOP 50.3 1.5 3.7 6.2 1.7 3.2 1.8 4.1 25.9 1.6 - 24.4 88.4
23 September–17 October 2017 IRI 34.0 <1.0 4.0 9.0 1.0 2.0 2.0 4.0 23.0 1.5 0.5 11.0 81.0
9–20 September 2017 CBS-Axa 51.1 4.5 6.0 1.2 3.9 1.3 5.8 24.1 2.1 27.0 50.8
22 June–9 July 2017 IMAS[permanent dead link] 42.3 1.0 6.4 11.7 2.2 5.2 2.2 7.5 19.2 1.3 1.0 23.1 50.8
7–25 April 2017 CBS-Axa 52.7 3.7 3.5 1.1 3.7 1.3 6.0 26.6 1.0 0.4 26.1 60.3
23 March–17 April 2017 BOP 43.6 0.2 4.3 4.9 1.0 4.1 1.7 6.0 32.2 1.0 1.0 11.4 75
10–19 March 2017 Ziarul Timpul FOP 54.2 0.6 2.6 4.3 0.6 2.5 1.4 5.6 28.2 - 26.0 89.3
13 February–7 March 2017 IRI 36.0 <1.0 4.0 4.0 <1.0 6.0 1.0 5.0 29.0 4.0 7.0 87
18–27 January 2017 CBS-AXA 51.2 4.2 4.3 0.5 3.2 0.9 5.8 28.5 1.5 22.7 63.3
2–10 January 2017 ASDM 49.0 1.0 3.5 9.5 1.5 8.0 2.0 12.0 11.0 2.5 37.0 77
2016
13 November 2016 Igor Dodon (PSRM) is elected President of Moldova
6–16 October 2016 IPP[permanent dead link] 39.0 1.0 4.0 11.5 1.5 11.5 2.5 13.0 14.0 2.0 25.0 67
29 September–9 October 2016 Intellect Grup 32.0 1.0 6.5 16.5 2.0 9.0 3.5 13.0 15.5 1.0 15.5 79
28 September–5 October 2016 ASDM 34.4 1.9 6.5 11.4 4.0 9.3 5.6 14.3 12.6 - 20.1 -
21 September–8 October 2016 CCSM 32.2 1.5 3.2 15.8 2.8 7.9 5.1 11.6 19.8 - 12.4 78.3
19–28 September 2016 Intellect Grup 30.6 1.4 7.2 14.4 4.1 10.1 4.2 13.2 15.0 - 15.6 83.5
14–25 September 2016 CBS-AXA 35.6 0.7 7.3 13.5 3.2 13.3 3.9 12.7 9.9 - 12.1 82.2
1–23 September 2016 IRI 29.0 5.0 12.0 1.0 8.0 3.0 13.0 14.0 1.0 15.0 86
2–10 September 2016 ASDM 27.7 2.7 8.7 11.9 5.5 11.5 7.9 10.3 13.8 - 13.8 92.6
11–24 June 2016 Intellect Grup 23.0 1.7 11.6 10.9 4.4 15.9 4.9 10.9 16.9 - 6.1 76.9
21 May–15 June 2016 FOP 28.7 1.5 8.6 8.0 3.3 13.6 7.2 12.4 16.7 - 12.0 91.5
May 2016 NDI 21.0 <1.0 12.0 8.0 5.0 13.0 5.0 18.0 16.0 - 3.0 76
16–23 April 2016 IPP 28.0 0.5 8.0 5.0 2.5 19.0 5.0 14.0 17.5 0.5 9.0 64
1–10 April 2016 ASDM 21.0 3.5 7.5 7.5 6.0 14.5 6.5 16.0 9.0 8.5 5.0 84
11–25 March 2016 IRI 20.0 2.0 6.0 7.0 2.0 21.0 4.0 12.0 12.0 2.0 1.0 88
11–20 March 2016 FOP 24.5 0.5 10.0 7.0 3.0 18.0 7.0 15.0 14.5 0.5 6.5 88
10–21 February 2016 ASDM 22.0 3.0 8.0 8.5 7.5 16.5 8.5 17.5 8.5 5.5 78
5–13 February 2016 CBS-AXA 21.5 1.0 5.0 7.0 2.0 33.0 6.0 14.0 10.5 - 11.5 60
8–16 January 2016 ASDM 23.5 3.0 7.0 9.0 8.0 20.5 9.0 12.5 7.5 3.0 72
2015
11–30 November 2015 NDI 21.0 3.0 12.5 5.5 7.0 22.5 10.0 17.0 1.5 1.5 71
8 November–1 December 2015 IPP 15.0 2.0 11.0 9.0 7.0 24.0 18.0 10.0 4.0 6.0 67
10–18 November 2015 ASDM 22.5 3.5 7.5 9.5 8.0 21.0 9.5 8.5 10.0 1.5 72
29 September–21 October 2015 IRI 15.0 3.0 7.0 5.0 5.0 20.0 12.0 7.0 2.0 7.0 76
10–18 September 2015 CBS-AXA 20.0 7.5 10.0 6.5 9.5 23.0 10.0 7.0 6.5 3.0 56
14 June 2015 Local elections 16.6 18.3 10.2 17.6 12.6 11.1 7.6 0.3 6.0 0.7 49
6–18 May 2015 CBS-AXA 28.6 8.7 15.5 6.8 11.7 14.8 14.0 - 13.1 60
1–12 April 2015 ASDM 25.5 14.0 15.5 11.5 15.0 8.5 7.5 2.5 10.0 -
1–26 March 2015 NDI 17.0 10.0 15.0 11.0 13.0 18.0 17.0 7.0 - 1.0 72
22 February–4 March 2015 CBS-AXA 20.8 15.9 20.5 8.2 20.8 9.3 4.4 - 0.0 61
January 2015 CBS-AXA 23.3 21.3 22.8 14.6 18.0 - 0.5 60
30 November 2014 Parliamentary elections 20.5 20.2 17.5 15.8 9.7 16.3 0.3 57

Results[edit]

313.984x313.984px
Party/alliance National list Constituency Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Party of Socialists 441,191 31.15 18 17 35 +10
ACUM Electoral Bloc (DA and PAS) 380,181 26.84 14 12 26 New
Democratic Party 334,539 23.62 13 17 30 +11
Șor Party 117,779 8.32 5 2 7 New
Party of Communists 53,175 3.75 0 0 0 –21
Our Party 41,769 2.95 0 0 0 New
Liberal Party 17,741 1.25 0 0 0 –13
Anti-Mafia Popular Movement Party 8,633 0.61 0 0 0
Democracy at Home 4,463 0.32 0 0 0 0
Party of Regions 3,645 0.26 0 0 New
National Liberal Party 3,430 0.24 0 0 0 0
Ecologist Green Party 3,249 0.23 0 0 0 0
Hope Professionals' Movement Party 2,826 0.20 0 0 0 New
People's Will Party 2,705 0.19 0 0 New
Motherland Party 1,033 0.07 0 0 New
Independents 3 3 +3
Invalid/blank votes 40,861
Total 1,457,220 100 50 100 51 101 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,959,143 49.24
Source: CEC

Voter turnout[edit]

Election year Time
9:30 12:30 15:30 18:30 21:00
2014 4.20% 20.98% 39.21% 51.01% 55.86%
2019 5.80% 24.00% 37.41% 45.65% 49.24%
Source: Alegeri

Coalition talks[edit]

Following the elections, both the Socialist Party and Democratic Party proposed forming a coalition with ACUM, with the PDM also proposing that the post of Prime Minister would go to an ACUM member, despite PDM being the larger party. However, following the promises made during the campaign, ACUM refused both offers.[9]

On 8 April, ACUM announced that they would reverse their decision about rejecting coalition negotiations with PSRM.[10][11]

After the decision, party leaders, Maia Sandu and Andrei Năstase of ACUM, officially invited PSRM to start coalition negotiations. Maia Sandu and Andrei Năstase said that they still rejected coalition negotiations with PDM, but they were willing to negotiate a deal with PSRM.[10][11]

Coalition negotiations are set to take place on 9 April or on a different day, which will be discussed by ACUM and PSRM.[10][11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Position number on the ballot.
  2. ^ a b c d e Supporting the ACUM alliance

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vițu, Valeria. "24 februarie 2019, ziua alegerilor parlamentare în R.Moldova". RFI (in Romanian).
  2. ^ "Constitution of Moldova, Article 61". LEX Moldova (in Romanian).
  3. ^ "Moldovan Socialists Kick Off Election Campaign With Chisinau Rally". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  4. ^ "Moldova's Constitutional Court Confirms February 24 Vote Result". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  5. ^ a b "Hundreds Protest In Moldova Against New Electoral Law". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  6. ^ "New Electoral Law in Moldova Criticised as a Tool to Keep Power". Archived from the original on 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  7. ^ Electoral system IPU
  8. ^ "Anti-Mixed Voting Coalition backs referendum initiative". en.crimemoldova.com. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  9. ^ Moldova's Democratic Party invites pro-EU ACUM bloc to form govt coalition See News, 14 May 2019
  10. ^ a b c Media, G4 (2019). "Moldova: Maia Sandu și Andrei Năstase cheamă la negocieri socialiștii pro-ruși ai lui Igor Dodon". G4Media.
  11. ^ a b c National, Ziarul (2019). ""ACUM" invită PSRM la DISCUȚII "pentru aducerea R. Moldova pe calea normalității", după ce au refuzat, inițial, invitația socialiștilor". Ziarulnational.