2019 Nigerian general election

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2019 Nigerian general election

← 2015 23–24 February 2019 2023 →

26,527,423
Registered82,344,107
Turnout34.75% (Decrease8.90pp)
Presidential election
  Muhammadu Buhari, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (cropped) (cropped).jpg Atiku Abubakar-2010 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Muhammadu Buhari Atiku Abubakar
Party APC PDP
Home state Katsina Adamawa
Running mate Yemi Osinbajo Peter Obi
States carried 19 17 + FCT
Popular vote 15,191,847 11,262,978
Percentage 55.6% 41.2%

Nigeria presidential election 2019.svg
States won by Abubakar (in green) and Buhari (blue)

President before election

Muhammadu Buhari
APC

Elected President

Muhammadu Buhari
APC

Assembly Election

Party Leader % Seats ±
Senate
APC Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan 64 +4
PDP Abiodun Olujimi 45 -4
YPP 1 +1
House of Representatives
APC Femi Gbajabiamila 217 +5
PDP Ogor Okuweh 115 -25
APGA Victor Ikechukwu Oye 9 +4
ADC 3 +3
PRP 2 +2
AA 2 +2
SDP Olu Falae 1 0
YPP Bishop Amakiri 1 +1
LP Mike Omotosho 1 0
APM 1 +1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

General elections were held in Nigeria on 23 February 2019 to elect the President, Vice President, House of Representatives and the Senate.[1][2][3][4] The elections had initially been scheduled for 16 February, but the Electoral Commission postponed the vote by a week at 03:00 on the original polling day, citing logistical challenges in getting electoral materials to polling stations on time.[5] In some places, the vote was delayed until 24 February due to electoral violence.[6] Polling in some areas was subsequently delayed until 9 March, when voting was carried out alongside gubernatorial and state assembly elections.[7]

The elections were the most expensive ever held in Nigeria, costing ₦69 billion (US$625 million)[8] more than the 2015 elections.[9][10]

Incumbent president Muhammadu Buhari won his reelection bid, defeating his closest rival Atiku Abubakar by over 3 million votes. He was issued a Certificate of Return,[11][12] and was sworn in on May 29, 2019, the former date of Democracy Day (Nigeria).[13]

Electoral system[edit]

The President of Nigeria is elected using a modified two round system, to be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive a majority of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least 24 of the 36 states. If no candidate passes this threshold, a second round is held.[14]

The 109 members of the Senate were elected from 109 single-seat constituencies (three in each state and one for the Federal Capital Territory) by first-past-the-post voting.[15] The 360 members of the House of Representatives were also elected by first-past-the-post voting in single-member constituencies.[16]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Party primaries[edit]

PDP[edit]

The People's Democratic Party held its presidential primaries on 5 October 2018, at the Adokiye Amiesimaka Stadium, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Thirteen aspirants contested for the ticket of the PDP, with Atiku Abubakar emerging the winner.[17]

Candidate Votes %
Atiku Abubakar 1,532 48.6
Aminu Tambuwal 693 22.0
Bukola Saraki 317 10.1
Rabiu Kwankwaso 158 5.0
Ibrahim Dankwambo 111 3.5
Sule Lamido 96 3.0
Ahmed Makarfi 74 2.3
Tanimu Turaki 65 2.1
Attahiru Bafarawa 48 1.5
David Mark 35 1.1
Jonah Jang 19 0.6
Datti Ahmed 5 0.1
Total 3,153 100
Source: The Punch[18]

APC[edit]

Though some party members aspired for office of the president, notably, Dr. SKC Ogbonnia, Chief Charles Udeogaranya, and Alhaji Mumakai-Unagha, the incumbent President Muhammadu Buhari was selected as the sole candidate of the All Progressives Congress party primaries held on 29 September 2018 amidst charges of imposition.[19]

Other candidates[edit]

Presidential debates[edit]

A presidential and vice-presidential debate was organised by the Nigerian Elections Debate Group (NEDG) and the Broadcasting Organisations of Nigeria (BON), with invitations extended to five of the 78 presidential candidates. The Debate Group explained the exclusion of other candidates as a measure to ensure the effectiveness of the debate and not an endorsement of the candidates chosen.[33][34]

The vice presidential debate was held on 14 December 2018, at the Transcorp Hilton Hotels in Abuja. All invited vice presidential candidates were present, with candidates discussing health, education, security, economy and foreign affairs policies plans.[35][36][37]

The presidential debate occurred on 19 January 2019, and took place at the same venue. The two leading presidential contestants were absent, with Atiku Abubakar leaving the venue upon discovering that Muhammadu Buhari was absent. Fela Durotoye (ANN), Oby Ezekwesili (ACPN) and Kingsley Moghalu (YPN) continued the debate, while criticising the absence of the others. Mark Eddo moderated the debate.[38][39]

Opinion polls[edit]

Poll source Date Sample size Abubakar
PDP
Buhari
APC
Others Notes
Seamfix[40][41] 9 November 2018 – 4 January 2019 2,440 48% 25% 31%
NigeriaVotes[42] 19 November 2018 – 26 February 2019 11,326 32% 42% 26%

Conduct[edit]

Immediately following the elections there were claims of widespread fraud by the opposition. The claims included accusations of ballot box snatching, vote-trading and impersonation. There were also claims that caches of explosives were found by police.[43][44] Losing candidate Atiku Abubakar filed a case in the Nigerian supreme court citing widespread irregularities in the polls . However the court dismissed his case, saying that Atiku has failed to prove widespread fraud committed by the electoral team of Buhari. The court also dismissed an allegation which said that Buhari lied about his academic background.[45]

The African Union said the elections were "largely peaceful and conducive for the conducting of credible elections." The electoral commission also described the elections as mostly peaceful.[46] On the contrary, US-based organisation freedom house severely criticised the conduct, saying that they were marred by irregularities and intimidation.[47]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

The results of the presidential election were announced in the early hours of 27 February 2019.[48]

CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
Muhammadu BuhariYemi OsinbajoAll Progressives Congress15,191,84755.60
Atiku AbubakarPeter ObiPeople's Democratic Party11,262,97841.22
Felix NicolasAdo BabaPeoples Coalition Party110,1960.40
Obadiah MailafiaNasiru Tanimowo Nurain BolanleAfrican Democratic Congress97,8740.36
Gbor John Wilson TerwaseGerald Chukwueke NdudiAll Progressives Grand Alliance66,8510.24
Yabagi SaniOlateru Olagbegi Martin KunleAction Democratic Party54,9300.20
Akhimien Davidson IsiborHamman Ibrahim ModibboGrassroots Development Party of Nigeria41,8520.15
Ibrahim Aliyu HassanAdeleke Adesoji Masilo AderemiAfrican Peoples Alliance36,8660.13
Donald DukeShehu Musa GabamSocial Democratic Party34,7460.13
Omoyele SoworeRufai Rabiu AhmedAfrican Action Congress33,9530.12
Da-Silva Thomas AyoMuhammad Aisha AbubakarSave Nigeria Congress28,6800.10
Shitu Mohammed KabirOlayemi Memunat MahmudAdvanced Peoples Democratic Alliance26,5580.10
Yusuf Mamman DantallePrince Duru NwabuezeAllied Peoples' Movement26,0390.10
Kingsley MoghaluAbdullahi Umma GetsoYoung Progressives Party21,8860.08
Ameh Peter OjonugwaEdun KehindeProgressive Peoples Alliance21,8220.08
Isaac Babatunde OsiteluNafiu Muhammad LawalAccord Party19,2190.07
Fela DurotoyeAbdullahi Khadijah IyahAlliance for New Nigeria16,7790.06
Bashayi Isa DansarkiAdepoju Oluwatoyin GraceMasses Movement of Nigeria14,5400.05
Osakwe Felix JohnsonMohammed Alhaji AliDemocratic People's Party14,4830.05
Abdulrashid Hassan BabaUchendu Uju Peace OzokaAction Alliance14,3800.05
Nwokeafor Ikechukwu NdubuisiAli AbdullahiAdvanced Congress of Democrats11,3250.04
Maina Maimuna KyariOluwole Yetunde FolakeNorthern People's Congress10,0810.04
Victor OkhaiIyan Tama Hamisu LamidoProvidence Peoples Congress8,9790.03
Chike UkaegbuSafiya Ibrahim OgohAdvanced Allied Party8,9020.03
Oby EzekwesiliGaladima Ganiyu OseniAllied Congress Party of Nigeria7,2230.03
Ibrahim Usman AlhajiNwafor-Orizu OnwaNational Rescue Movement6,2290.02
Ike KekeJohnson OmedeNew Nigeria People's Party6,1110.02
Moses AyibiowuIdoko Michael EmaikuNational Unity Party5,3230.02
Awosola Williams OlusolaSeiyefa FetepigiDemocratic Peoples Congress5,2420.02
Muhammed Usman ZakiAkpan Tom EzekielLabour Party5,0740.02
Eke Samuel ChukwumaMusa Hadiza AruwaGreen Party of Nigeria4,9240.02
Nwachukwu Chuks NwabuikwuTijjani Aisha AliAll Grassroots Alliance4,6890.02
Hamza al-MustaphaOpara RobertPeoples Party of Nigeria4,6220.02
Shipi Moses GodiaOkwuanyasi Abiola Kika ShaliatAll Blended Party4,5230.02
Chris OkotieBinutu Adefela AkinolaFresh Democratic Party4,5540.02
Tope FasuaYakubu Aminu ZakariAbundant Nigeria Renewal Party4,3400.02
OnwubuyaAhmad Muhammad NourayniFreedom And Justice Party4,1740.02
Asukwo Mendie ArchibongIte Donald-EkpoNigeria For Democracy4,0960.01
Ahmed BuhariNwagu Kingsley PhilipSustainable National Party3,9410.01
Salisu Yunusa TankoJames FunmiNational Conscience Party3,7990.01
Shittu Moshood AsiwajuOkere EvelynAlliance National Party3,5860.01
Obinna Uchechukwu IkeagwuonuOmotosho EmmanuelAll People's Party3,5850.01
Balogun Isiaka IsholaShuaibu MuhammadUnited Democratic Party3,1700.01
Obaje Yusufu AmehSule Olalekan GaniyuAdvanced Nigeria Democratic Party3,1040.01
Chief Umenwa GodwinIbrahim Saheed OlaikaAll Grand Alliance Party3,0710.01
Israel Nonyerem DavidsonHassan Dawud JiddaReform and Advancement Party2,9720.01
Ukonga FrankMusa Saidu ShuaibuDemocratic Alternative2,7690.01
Santuraki HamisuUfondu Chinwe FlorenceMega Party of Nigeria2,7520.01
Funmilayo Adesanya-DaviesMercy Olufunmilayo IbenemeMass Action Joint Alliance2,6510.01
Gbenga Olawepo-HashimAgwuncha Nwankwo ArthurPeoples Trust2,6130.01
Ali SoyodeAbdullahi Balkisu MustaphaYes Electorates Solidarity2,3940.01
Nsehe NseobongAbuh MohammedRestoration Party of Nigeria2,3880.01
Ojinika Geff ChizeeYakubu Usman U.Coalition for Change2,3910.01
Rabia Yasai Hassan CengizUhuegbu Chineme JusticeNational Action Council2,2790.01
Eunice AtuejideBello Muhammad JibrilNational Interest Party2,2480.01
Dara JohnAbubakar SalisuAlliance of Social Democrats2,1460.01
Fagbenro-Byron Samuel AdesinaAdo Ummar AbbasKowa Party1,9110.01
Emmanuel EtimAdeola Zainab HazzanChange Nigeria Party1,8740.01
Chukwu-Eguzolugo Sunday ChikenduSalihu Iman AliyuJustice Must Prevail Party1,8530.01
Madu Nnamdi EdozieAdamu AbubakarIndependent Democrats1,8450.01
Osuala Chukwudi JohnMuhammad FalaliRe-build Nigeria Party1,7920.01
Albert Owuru AmbroseYahaya Shaba HarunaHope Democratic Party1,6630.01
David Esosa Ize-IyamuKofar Mata Maryam UmarBetter Nigeria Progressive Party1,6490.01
Inwa Ahmed SakilNkwocha Echemor NkwochaUnity Party of Nigeria1,6310.01
Akpua RobinsonAhmadu UmaruNational Democratic Liberty Party1,5880.01
Mark Emmanuel AuduOkeke MosesUnited Patriots1,5610.01
Ishaka Paul OfemileVincent Akinfelami AkinbanaiNigeria Elements Progressive Party1,5240.01
Kriz DavidAzael Vashi ChecheraLiberation Movement1,4380.01
Ademola Babatunde AbidemiTataji Aisha AsabeNigeria Community Movement Party1,3780.01
A. Edosomwan JohnsonNasiru MohammedNational Democratic Liberty Party1,1920.00
Angela JohnsonZayyanu AbubakarAlliance for a United Nigeria1,0920.00
Abah Lewis ElaigwuOmohimua Michael OkojieChange Advocacy Party1,1110.00
Nwangwu Uchenna PeterAdebiwale Olaurewaju OdunladeWe The People Nigeria7320.00
Total27,324,583100.00
Valid votes27,324,58395.49
Invalid/blank votes1,289,6074.51
Total votes28,614,190100.00
Registered voters/turnout82,344,10734.75
Source: Independent National Electoral Commission

By state[edit]

State Buhari Atiku Nicolas Sowore Moghalu Durotoye Duke Mailafia
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
Abia 85,058 26.31 219,698 67.96 1,489 0.46 212 88 0.22 720 472 336
Adamawa 378,078 46.59 410,266 50.55 3,670 0.45 282 109 162 978 3,989
Akwa Ibom 175,429 30.31 395,832 68.39 1,902 0.33 222 118 95 92 230
Anambra 33,298 5.50 524,738 86.63 4,374 0.72 124 4,091 45 932 227
Bauchi 798,428 77.95 209,313 20.43 2,104 0.21 183 112 46 516 296
Bayelsa 118,821 36.93 197,933 61.51 1,584 0.49 126 50 37 124 1,078
Benue 347,668 47.70 356,817 48.95 2,793 0.38 309 557 201 4,927 554
Borno 836,496 90.94 71,788 7.80 269 78 29 322 301
Cross River 117,302 27.80 295,737 70.10 242 217 88 1,395 326
Delta 221,292 26.67 594,068 71.59 1,626 497 320 1,745 1,075
Ebonyi 90,726 25.26 258,573 72.00 205 192 683 452 213
Edo 267,842 47.77 275,691 49.17 3,106 531 273 184 850
Ekiti 219,231 57.52 154,032 40.41 400 68 88 48 406
Enugu 54,423 12.93 355,553 84.45 219 1,379 141 130 348
Gombe 402,961 72.71 138,484 24.99 165 39 78 248 248
Imo 140,463 27.46 334,923 65.47 467 676 119 772 541
Jigawa 794,738 71.84 289,895 26.21 226 67 66 5,011 261
Kaduna 993,445 59.72 649,612 39.05 243 196 261 1,737 558
Kano 1,464,768 77.45 391,593 20.71 416 200 114 635 591
Katsina 1,232,133 79.21 308,056 19.8 186 61 82 150 237
Kebbi 581,552 76.86 154,282 20.39 276 53 99 2,376 285
Kogi 285,894 54.87 218,207 41.88 250 87 89 2,226 4,369
Kwara 308,984 67.22 138,184 30.06 401 140 422 212 456
Lagos 580,825 53.31 448,015 41.12 8,910 5,733 6,946 770 2,915
Nassarawa 289,903 49.92 283,847 48.87 75 44 45 359 339
Niger 612,371 71.88 218,052 25.59 324 113 145 239 588
Ogun 281,762 49.94 194,655 34.50 3,196 553 1,509 1,374 25,283
Ondo 241,769 43.48 275,901 49.62 4,414 1224 311 1,618 6,296
Osun 347,634 48.64 337,377 47.21 1,022 189 268 259 1,525
Oyo 365,229 43.66 366,690 43.83 4,014 1,608 1,896 766 40,830
Plateau 468,555 45.28 548,665 53.02 268 442 796 599 590
Rivers 150,710 23.47 473,971 73.81 372 415 365 1,244 597
Sokoto 490,333 56.24 361,604 41.47 181 184 84 301 331
Taraba 324,906 45.58 374,743 52.57 116 80 35 862 211
Yobe 497,914 89.01 50,763 9.08 137 36 37 180 162
Zamfara 438,682 75.84 125,423 21.68 186 44 24 81 186
FCT 152,224 35.91 259,997 61.33 583 1,083 652 410 246
Total 15,191,847 55.60 11,262,978 41.22 110,196 0.40 33,953 21,886 16,779 34,746 97,874
Source: BBC, This Day, Vanguard[49][50][51]

Senate[edit]

Senate President Bukola Saraki (PDP) was defeated in Kwara Central by the APC candidate.[52]

Currently, 64 incumbent Senators will not be returning as members of the Ninth Senate, having been defeated during the elections. While the APC will have a simple majority of votes in the Senate, it will not have a supermajority (74 votes), meaning it cannot push through constitutional amendments on its own. Three Senate seats have yet to be filled.[53]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
All Progressives Congress 13,392,474 48.31 64
People's Democratic Party 11,608,069 41.87 45
Young Progressive Party 94,764 0.34 1
Others 2,628,288 9.48 0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 27,723,595 110 0
Registered voters/turnout
Source: Independent National Electoral Commission[54]

House of Representatives[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
All Progressives Congress 12,931,229 47.38 217
People's Democratic Party 11,283,714 41.34 115
African Democratic Congress 564,518 2.07 3
All Progressives Grand Alliance 553,130 2.03 9
Social Democratic Party 353,433 1.30 1
People's Redemption Party 305,412 1.12 2
Action Alliance 104,151 0.38 2
Allied Peoples Movement 88,271 0.32 1
Labour Party 30,481 0.11 1
Young Progressive Party 28,891 0.11 1
To be determined 8
Others 1,048,442 3.84 0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 27,291,672 360 0
Registered voters/turnout
Source: Stears Election Centre,[55] ElectionGuide,[56] Independent National Electoral Commission[57]

Governors[edit]

On 2 March 2019, elections were held for governors of 29 of the 36 states of Nigeria. Elections were suspended on the original date in Rivers State. They were later held on April 3, where the INEC declared that incumbent Wike won re-election.[58][59]

Party Governorships
won
+/–
All Progressives Congress 15
People's Democratic Party 14
No election held 7
Total 36 0
Source: Stears Election Centre,[55] BBC Pidgin[60]

References[edit]

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