2019 Rugby World Cup
|Dates||6 September – 20 October|
The 2019 Rugby World Cup will be the ninth Rugby World Cup. At a special meeting of the sport's governing body, the International Rugby Board (IRB; known as World Rugby from November 2014), held in Dublin on 28 July 2009, Japan was announced as the host for the competition. This will be the first time the tournament is to be held in Asia, and also the first time that the event will be hosted by a nation outside the traditional top tier of the sport. Hong Kong and Singapore had expressed interest in hosting some of the matches and were included as part of the JRFU's successful original hosting bid to the IRB but were not amongst the fourteen locations announced by organisers Japan 2019 on the 5th November 2014 that had formally bid for the right to host games.
The 2019 Rugby World Cup bid is under review by World Rugby as of 26 August 2015 after Japan scuttled plans for its new National Olympic Stadium, the redesign of which will not be completed in time for the tournament. World Rugby has given the Japan organizing committee until the end of September to produce a new venue plan "that delivers exceptional team and fan experience, maximising opportunities for fans to be a part of rugby’s showcase event."
The IRB requested that any member unions wishing to host the 2019 or 2015 Rugby World Cup should indicate their interest by 15 August 2008. This would be purely to indicate interest; no details had to be provided at this stage. A record ten unions indicated interest in hosting either the 2015 and/or the 2019 events. The 2019 tournament received interest from nine different nations.
Jamaica were the most surprising union to announce an interest in hosting the event, considering they had never participated in a previous World Cup, though they quickly withdrew. Russia also initially announced plans to bid for both the 2015 and 2019 World Cups, but withdrew both bids in February 2009 in favour of what proved to be a successful bid for the 2013 Rugby World Cup Sevens.
On 28 July 2009, the International Rugby Board (IRB) confirmed that England would host the 2015 Rugby World Cup, and Japan would host the 2019 event. The IRB voted 16–10 in favour of approving the recommendation from Rugby World Cup Ltd (RWCL) that England and Japan should be named hosts.
The IRB, RWC Ltd, JRFU and host organisers Japan 2019 went through the process of asking for expressions of interest, and meeting with and explaining game hosting requirements to interested parties from late 2013. In May it was announced that twenty-two municipal and/or prefectural organisations had expressed interest from throughout Japan. Interested organisations were asked to enter a formal bid by the 31st October 2014. At a press conference on the 5th November in Tokyo, organisers Japan 2019 announced that bids from fourteen localities had been received. Secretary-General of the organising committee, Mr. Akira Shimazu advised that amongst the twenty-two interested parties, Yokohama (Yokohama International Stadium, venue for the 2002 FIFA World cup Final), and Niigata's Denka Big Swan Stadium, which was also a 2002 FIFA World Cup venue had decided not to bid. Shimazu added that the decision of Yokohama not to bid meant that it was virtually a fore-gone conclusion that the new National Stadium in Tokyo would host both the semi-finals, and the third-place playoff in addition to the opening game and final.
There have been a number of changes to the venues submitted in the JRFU's original bid in 2009. Gone are both Hong Kong and Singapore. All games will be in Japan. The JRFU's own Chichibunomiya Stadium in Tokyo which might've been expected to host smaller interest games in the capital is missing. Also the JRFU plumped for the larger, and more modern 50,000 seat Nagai multi-purpose stadium as its preferred venue for games in Osaka in 2009 but the Osaka Municipality and East Osaka City governments have submitted the Hanazono Rugby Stadium which they are planning to refurbish as the Osaka venue option. East Osaka City will take over the stadium from long-time corporate owners Kintetsu in April 2015. Kamaishi, Shizuoka, Kyoto, Oita, Nagasaki, and Kumamoto are all venues that weren't part of the JRFU's bid. While the bids include venues from a broad area of Japan, two parts won't be involved in hosting. Firstly the Hokushin'etsu area (Hokuriku region and Koshin'etsu region), which includes the city of Niigata, and secondly the Chugoku Region, including Hiroshima, and nearby Shikoku Island. No city in the latter region were venues for games in the 2002 FIFA World Cup but Hiroshima did host games in the 2006 Basketball World Championship.
On 17 July 2015, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced that plans to build the new National Stadium would be scrapped and rebid on amid public discontent over the stadium's building costs. As a result, the new stadium would not be ready until the 2020 Summer Olympics. World Rugby released a statement saying that they were extremely disappointed by the announcement "despite repeated assurances to contrary from the Japan Rugby 2019 Organising Committee and Japan Sports Council," and would "need to consider the options relating to the impact of (the) announcement." Media reports suggested the 72,000 seat International Stadium Yokohama would be the most likely replacement venue for the final match.
The original list of venues for the Rugby World Cup was announced on 2 March 2015.
|National Olympic Stadium||International Stadium Yokohama||Shizuoka Stadium||Hanazono Rugby Stadium|
|Capacity: 80,000||Capacity: 72,327||Capacity: 50,889||Capacity: 30,000|
|Level-5 Stadium||Toyota Stadium|
|Capacity: 22,563||Capacity: 45,000|
|Sapporo Dome||Ōita Bank Dome|
|Capacity: 41,410||Capacity: 40,000|
|Umakana Yokana Stadium||Kobe City Misaki Park||Kumagaya Rugby Ground||Kamaishi Recovery Memorial Stadium|
|Capacity: 32,000||Capacity: 30,312||Capacity: 24,000||Capacity: 16,187|
As of 9 March 2015, Japan are the only nation that has secured their place in the 2019 tournament, by virtue of hosting the tournament. A further 11 or 12 teams will qualify by the end of 2015, as the top three teams in each pool during the 2015 Rugby World Cup gain automatic qualification in the next tournament.
- Japan (Hosts)
Notes and references
- "England will host 2015 World Cup". BBC. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
- "Revised roadmap set for RWC 2019" (Press release). World Rugby. 2015-08-26. Retrieved 2015-08-27.
- Howell, Andy (2015-08-27). "Decision to host the 2019 Rugby World Cup in Japan to be reviewed following change to plans for new National Stadium". walesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-27.
- "Russia to host Rugby World Cup Sevens 2013" (Press release). International Rugby Board. 2010-05-12. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
- "Russia keen to bid for RWC Sevens 2013". International Rugby Board. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
- "Australia withdraws 2019 Cup bid". BBC Sport. 2009-05-06. Archived from the original on 9 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
- "IRB confirms record RWC bid response". International Rugby Board. 2009-05-08. Archived from the original on 11 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Himmer, Alastair (17 July 2015). "Japan rips up 2020 Olympic stadium plans to start anew". news.yahoo.com. AFP. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- Linden, Julian (17 July 2015). "World Rugby officials seeking answers from Japan". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- Host cities and venues announced for RWC 2019 in Japan