2019 Rugby World Cup
|Dates||20 September – 2 November|
|No. of nations||20 (93 qualifying)|
The 2019 Rugby World Cup will be the ninth Rugby World Cup, and is to be held in Japan from 20 September to 2 November. This will be the first time the tournament is to be held in Asia, and outside the traditional heartland of rugby union.
Hong Kong and Singapore had expressed interest in hosting some of the matches and were included as part of the JRFU's successful original hosting bid to World Rugby (known at the time of bidding as the International Rugby Board, or IRB) but were not amongst the fourteen locations announced by organisers Japan 2019 on 5 November 2014 that had formally bid for the right to host games.
The opening match of the 2019 Rugby World Cup will take place at the Ajinomoto Stadium in Chōfu, Tokyo, and the final match will be held at the Nissan Stadium in Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture. These venue assignments were announced in September 2015 when plans for the tournament were revised by Japan's organizing committee and accepted by World Rugby. The National Olympic Stadium, being rebuilt for the 2020 Summer Olympics, was originally the centerpiece of Japan's Rugby World Cup bid, but revisions to the Olympic Stadium plans mandated the World Cup venue changes.
The IRB requested that any member unions wishing to host the 2019 or 2015 Rugby World Cup should indicate their interest by 15 August 2008. This would be purely to indicate interest; no details had to be provided at this stage. A record ten unions indicated interest in hosting either the 2015 and/or the 2019 events. The 2019 tournament received interest from nine different nations.
Russia initially announced plans to bid for both the 2015 and 2019 World Cups, but withdrew both bids in February 2009 in favour of what proved to be a successful bid for the 2013 Rugby World Cup Sevens. Australia withdrew from the bidding process on 6 May 2009.
The three potential hosts – Italy, Japan and South Africa – were announced on 8 May 2009. At a special meeting held in Dublin on 28 July 2009, the International Rugby Board (IRB) confirmed that England would host the 2015 Rugby World Cup, and Japan would host the 2019 event. The IRB voted 16–10 in favour of approving the recommendation from Rugby World Cup Ltd (RWCL) that England and Japan should be named hosts.
The IRB, RWC Ltd, JRFU and host organisers Japan 2019 went through the process of asking for expressions of interest, and meeting with and explaining game hosting requirements to interested parties from late 2013. In May it was announced that twenty-two municipal and/or prefectural organisations had expressed interest from throughout Japan. Interested organisations were asked to enter a formal bid by 31 October 2014. At a press conference on 5 November in Tokyo, organisers Japan 2019 announced that bids from fourteen localities had been received. Secretary-General of the organising committee, Mr. Akira Shimazu advised that amongst the twenty-two interested parties, Yokohama (Yokohama International Stadium, venue for the 2002 FIFA World Cup Final), and Niigata's Denka Big Swan Stadium, which was also a 2002 FIFA World Cup venue, had decided not to bid. Shimazu added that the decision of Yokohama not to bid meant that it was virtually a fore-gone conclusion that the new National Stadium in Tokyo would host both the semi-finals, and the third-place playoff in addition to the opening game and final.
There have been a number of changes to the venues submitted in the JRFU's original bid in 2009. Gone are venues in Hong Kong and Singapore. All games will be in Japan. The JRFU's own Chichibunomiya Stadium in Tokyo which might have been expected to host smaller interest games in the capital is missing. Also the JRFU plumped for the larger, and more modern 50,000 seat Nagai multi-purpose stadium as its preferred venue for games in Osaka in 2009 but the Osaka Municipality and East Osaka City governments have submitted the Hanazono Rugby Stadium which they are planning to refurbish as the Osaka venue option. East Osaka City will take over the stadium from long-time corporate owners Kintetsu in April 2015. Kamaishi, Shizuoka, Kyoto, Oita, Nagasaki, and Kumamoto are all venues that weren't part of the JRFU's bid. While the bids include venues from a broad area of Japan, two parts won't be involved in hosting. Firstly the Hokushin'etsu area (Hokuriku region and Koshin'etsu region), which includes the city of Niigata, and secondly the Chugoku Region, including Hiroshima, and nearby Shikoku Island. No city in the latter region were venues for games in the 2002 FIFA World Cup, but Hiroshima did host games in the 2006 FIBA World Championship.
On 17 July 2015, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced that plans to build the new National Stadium would be scrapped and rebid on amid public discontent over the stadium's building costs. As a result, the new stadium would not be ready until the 2020 Summer Olympics. World Rugby released a statement saying that they were extremely disappointed by the announcement "despite repeated assurances to contrary from the Japan Rugby 2019 Organising Committee and Japan Sports Council," and would "need to consider the options relating to the impact of (the) announcement."
In September 2015, World Rugby approved the Japan Rugby 2019 organizing committee's revised roadmap for the 2019 Rugby World Cup, which sought to resolve the venue inadequacies caused by the floundering development of the National Stadium. It was agreed that the originally proposed National Stadium fixtures will be borne by the Ajinomoto Stadium in Chōfu (a suburb of Tokyo), which will host the opening ceremony and opening match, and the Yokohama Stadium, which will host the final. The complete revised list of Rugby World Cup 2019 venues is:
|Tokyo Stadium||International Stadium Yokohamaa||Shizuoka Stadium Ecopaa||Hanazono Rugby Stadium|
|Capacity: 49,970||Capacity: 72,327||Capacity: 50,889||Capacity: 30,000|
|Fukuoka Hakatanomori Stadium||City of Toyota Stadium|
|Capacity: 22,563||Capacity: 45,000|
|Sapporo Domea||Oita Stadiuma|
|Capacity: 41,410||Capacity: 40,000|
|Kumamoto Stadium||Kobe Misaki Stadiuma||Kumagaya Rugby Stadium||Kamaishi Recovery Memorial Stadium|
|Capacity: 32,000||Capacity: 30,132||Capacity: 24,000||Capacity: 16,187|
a: Stadium/site used in 2002 FIFA World Cup
The top three teams in each of the four pools at the 2015 Rugby World Cup automatically qualified for the next tournament. Japan finished third in Pool B during the 2015 Rugby World Cup and so finished in a qualifying position – however, by virtue of hosting the tournament, Japan were assured qualification for the tournament before the 2015 Rugby World Cup took place. The remaining eight spaces were decided by existing regional competitions (e.g. the Rugby Europe International Championships) followed by a few cross regional play-offs. The final spot was decided by a repechage tournament in Marseille in November 2018, which was won by Canada.
The below table shows the qualified teams:
|Previous best result||World|
|Africa||South Africa||Automatic||6||Champions (1995, 2007)||–|
|Namibia||Africa 1||5||Pool stage||–|
|Americas North||United States||Americas 1||7||Pool stage||–|
|France||Automatic||8||Runners-up (1987, 1999, 2011)||–|
|Ireland||Automatic||8||Quarter-finals (1987, 1991, 1995, 2003, 2011, 2015)||–|
|Russia||Europe 1||1||Pool stage||–|
|Scotland||Automatic||8||Fourth place (1991)||–|
|Wales||Automatic||8||Third place (1987)||–|
|Oceania||Australia||Automatic||8||Champions (1991, 1999)||–|
|Fiji||Oceania 1||7||Quarter-finals (1987, 2007)||–|
|New Zealand||Automatic||8||Champions (1987, 2011, 2015)||–|
|Samoa||Play-off winner||7||Quarter-finals (1991, 1995)||–|
|Tonga||Oceania 2||7||Pool stage||–|
|Sudamérica||Argentina||Automatic||8||Third place (2007)||–|
|Uruguay||Americas 2||3||Pool stage||–|
All the qualifying teams had previously qualified for the World Cup at least once. The most notable absence for the 2019 tournament was Romania, who had played in every previous tournament, but were effectively disqualified after fielding ineligible players during the qualification process.
The pool draw took place on 10 May 2017 in Kyoto. The draw was moved from its traditional place of December in the year following the previous World Cup, after the November internationals, so that nations had a longer period of time to increase their World Rankings ahead of the draw.
The seeding system from previous Rugby World Cups was retained with the 12 automatic qualifiers from 2015 being allocated to their respective bands based on their World Rugby Rankings on the day of the draw:
- Band 1: The four highest-ranked teams
- Band 2: The next four highest-ranked teams
- Band 3: The final four directly qualified teams
The remaining two bands were made up of the eight qualifying teams, with allocation to each band being based on the previous Rugby World Cup playing strength:
- Band 4: – Oceania 1, Americas 1, Europe 1, Africa 1
- Band 5: – Oceania 2, Americas 2, Play-off Winner, Repechage Winner
This meant the 20 teams, qualified and qualifiers, were seeded thus (World Ranking as of 10 May 2017):
|Band 1||Band 2||Band 3||Band 4||Band 5|
The draw saw a representative randomly draw a ball from a pot, the first drawn ball goes to Pool A, the second Pool B, the third Pool C and the fourth Pool D. The draw began with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe draw the pool of which hosts Japan were allocated to. The draw continued on to Band 5, drawn by Japanese Olympian Saori Yoshida, followed by Band 4, drawn by former Japanese rugby international Yoshihiro Sakata, then Band 3, drawn by All Blacks Head Coach Steve Hansen with the first team being drawn being allocated to Pool B, Band 2, drawn by Mayor of Yokohama Fumiko Hayashi and finally Band 1, drawn by World Rugby chairman Bill Beaumont.
World Rugby named the following twelve referees, seven assistant referees, and four television match officials to handle the 48 matches:
In the first round, or pool stage, the twenty teams are divided into four pools of five teams. Each pool will be a single round-robin of ten games, in which each team plays one match against each of the other teams in the same pool. Teams are awarded four league points for a win, two for a draw and none for a defeat by eight or more points. A team scoring four tries in one match is awarded a bonus point, as is a team that loses by fewer than eight points – both bonus points are awarded if both situations apply.
|Pool A||Pool B||Pool C||Pool D|
The teams finishing in the top two of each pool advance to the quarter-finals. The top three teams of each pool received automatic qualification to the 2023 Rugby World Cup.
- Tie-breaking criteria
If two or more teams are tied on match points, the following tiebreakers apply:
- The winner of the match between the two teams
- Difference between points scored for and points scored against in all pool matches
- Difference between tries scored for and tries scored against in all pool matches
- Points scored in all pool matches
- Most tries scored in all pool matches
- Official World Rugby Rankings as of 14 October 2019
If three teams were tied on points, the above criteria would be used to decide first place in the Pool, and then the criteria would be used again (starting from criterion 1) to decide second place in the Pool.
Key to colours in pool tables
|Advanced to the quarter-finals and qualified for the 2023 Rugby World Cup|
|Eliminated but qualified for 2023 Rugby World Cup|
Pld = Number of games played; W = Number of games won; D = Number of games drawn; L = Number of games lost; TF = Number of tries scored (Tries For); PF = Number of points scored in the game (Points For); PA = Number of points scored against the team (Points Against); +/− = The difference, PF − PA; BP = Bonus (pool) points ; Pts = Total number of (pool) points.
|20 September 2019||Japan||v||Russia||Tokyo Stadium, Chōfu|
|22 September 2019||Ireland||v||Scotland||International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama|
|24 September 2019||Russia||v||Samoa||Kumagaya Rugby Stadium, Kumagaya|
|28 September 2019||Japan||v||Ireland||Shizuoka Stadium Ecopa, Fukuroi|
|30 September 2019||Scotland||v||Samoa||Kobe Misaki Stadium, Kobe|
|3 October 2019||Ireland||v||Russia||Kobe Misaki Stadium, Kobe|
|5 October 2019||Japan||v||Samoa||City of Toyota Stadium, Toyota|
|9 October 2019||Scotland||v||Russia||Shizuoka Stadium Ecopa, Fukuroi|
|12 October 2019||Ireland||v||Samoa||Fukuoka Hakatanomori Stadium, Fukuoka|
|13 October 2019||Japan||v||Scotland||International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama|
|21 September 2019||New Zealand||v||South Africa||International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama|
|22 September 2019||Italy||v||Namibia||Hanazono Rugby Stadium, Higashiōsaka|
|26 September 2019||Italy||v||Canada||Fukuoka Hakatanomori Stadium, Fukuoka|
|28 September 2019||South Africa||v||Namibia||City of Toyota Stadium, Toyota|
|2 October 2019||New Zealand||v||Canada||Oita Stadium, Ōita|
|4 October 2019||South Africa||v||Italy||Shizuoka Stadium Ecopa, Fukuroi|
|6 October 2019||New Zealand||v||Namibia||Tokyo Stadium, Chōfu|
|8 October 2019||South Africa||v||Canada||Kobe Misaki Stadium, Kobe|
|12 October 2019||New Zealand||v||Italy||City of Toyota Stadium, Toyota|
|13 October 2019||Namibia||v||Canada||Kamaishi Recovery Memorial Stadium, Kamaishi|
|21 September 2019||France||v||Argentina||Tokyo Stadium, Chōfu|
|22 September 2019||England||v||Tonga||Sapporo Dome, Sapporo|
|26 September 2019||England||v||United States||Kobe Misaki Stadium, Kobe|
|28 September 2019||Argentina||v||Tonga||Hanazono Rugby Stadium, Higashiōsaka|
|2 October 2019||France||v||United States||Fukuoka Hakatanomori Stadium, Fukuoka|
|5 October 2019||England||v||Argentina||Tokyo Stadium, Chōfu|
|6 October 2019||France||v||Tonga||Kumamoto Stadium, Kumamoto|
|9 October 2019||Argentina||v||United States||Kumagaya Rugby Stadium, Kumagaya|
|12 October 2019||England||v||France||International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama|
|13 October 2019||United States||v||Tonga||Hanazono Rugby Stadium, Higashiōsaka|
|21 September 2019||Australia||v||Fiji||Sapporo Dome, Sapporo|
|23 September 2019||Wales||v||Georgia||City of Toyota Stadium, Toyota|
|25 September 2019||Fiji||v||Uruguay||Kamaishi Recovery Memorial Stadium, Kamaishi|
|29 September 2019||Georgia||v||Uruguay||Kumagaya Rugby Stadium, Kumagaya|
|29 September 2019||Australia||v||Wales||Tokyo Stadium, Chōfu|
|3 October 2019||Georgia||v||Fiji||Hanazono Rugby Stadium, Higashiosaka|
|5 October 2019||Australia||v||Uruguay||Oita Stadium, Ōita|
|9 October 2019||Wales||v||Fiji||Oita Stadium, Ōita|
|11 October 2019||Australia||v||Georgia||Shizuoka Stadium Ecopa, Fukuroi|
|13 October 2019||Wales||v||Uruguay||Kumamoto Stadium, Kumamoto|
|Winner Pool C|
|Runner up Pool D|
|Winner Pool B|
|Runner up Pool A|
|Winner Pool D|
|Runner up Pool C|
|Winner Pool A|
|Runner up Pool B|
|Winner of Quarterfinal 1||v||Winner of Quarterfinal 2|
|Winner of Quarterfinal 3||v||Winner of Quarterfinal 4|
|Winner of Semifinal 1||v||Winner of Semifinal 2|
For the first time, the domestic rightsholder will not serve as the host broadcaster of the tournament. Instead, International Games Broadcast Services (IGBS), a joint venture between Host Broadcast Services (HBS) and IMG, will take the production duties. IGBS will utilize production resources from traditional rugby nations such as Australia, France, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Japanese broadcaster NHK plans to originate coverage of selected games in 8K resolution, using a combination of nine 8K cameras and upconverted 4K resolution footage from IGBS. The International Broadcast Centre will be located outside Tokyo Stadium.
|Japan (host)||Nippon TV (free-to-air), NHK (free-to-air), J Sports||All 48 matches live|||
|Australia||Network Ten (free-to-air)||10 matches live (one opening group match, all 4 Australia team matches, and 5 knockout matches (both quarter finals, one semi final, and both Bronze-Gold finals))|||
|Fox Sports||All 48 matches live|
|Fiji||Fiji TV (free-to-air)||All 48 matches live|||
|France||TF1 (free-to-air)||All 48 matches live|||
|Germany||ProSieben Maxx (free-to-air)||Selected matches, including opening group match and final.|||
|Ran||All 48 matches live|
|Ireland||RTÉ (free-to-air)||14 matches (including opening group match, all 4 Ireland team, and all 8 knockout matches)|||
|Eir Sport||All 48 matches live on Eir Sport 1 or Eir Sport 2|||
|New Zealand||TVNZ (free-to-air)||Opening match live, all NZ team matches,1 quarter final (which will be the NZ quarter final assuming the NZ team progress past the pool stage), both semi finals and the final.|||
|Spark||All 48 matches live; requires purchase of tournament-specific streaming package.|||
|South America||ESPN||All 48 matches live in Portuguese (ESPN Brasil only) and Spanish.|||
|Sub-Saharan Africa||SuperSport||All 48 matches live|
|United Kingdom||ITV (free-to-air)||All 48 matches live on ITV, ITV4, and ITV Hub/STV Player|||
|S4C (free-to-air)||9 matches live in Welsh language (one opening group match, all 4 Wales team matches, and 4 knockout matches (one quarter final, one semi final, third-place and finals)).|||
|United States||NBC Sports|||
|Univision||All 48 matches live on Univision Deportes website and mobile app. Selected matches on Univision.|||
^1 Rankings as of 16 September 2019 will be entered when available.
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