2019 Spanish local elections
All 67,121 councillors in 8,131 municipal councils
All seats in 38 provincial deputations
The 2019 Spanish local elections were held on Sunday, 26 May 2019, to elect all councillors in the municipalities of Spain and all seats in 38 provincial deputations. The elections were held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve autonomous communities, as well as local elections in the three foral deputations of the Basque Country, the ten island councils in the Balearic and Canary Islands and the 2019 European Parliament election.
Municipalities in Spain are local corporations with independent legal personality. They have a governing body, the municipal council or corporation, composed of a mayor, deputy mayors and a plenary assembly of councillors. Voting for the local assemblies is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in the corresponding municipality and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. The mayor is in turn elected by the plenary assembly, with a legal clause providing for the candidate of the most-voted party to be automatically elected to the post in the event no other candidate is to gather an absolute majority of votes.
Local councillors are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each local council. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Councillors are allocated to municipal councils based on the following scale:
|>100,001||+1 per each 100,000 inhabitants or fraction|
+1 if total is an even number
Councillors of municipalities with populations below 250 inhabitants are elected under an open list partial block voting, with electors voting for individual candidates instead of parties: for up to four candidates in municipalities with populations between 100 and 250 inhabitants; and for up to two candidates in municipalities below 100. This does not apply to municipalities whose geographical location or the best management of municipal interests or other circumstances make it advisable to be organized through the open council system (Spanish: régimen de concejo abierto), in which voters will directly elect the local major.
The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of a determined amount of the electors registered in the municipality for which they are seeking election:
- At least 1 percent of the electors in municipalities below 5,000 inhabitants, provided that the number of signers is more than double that of councillors at stake.
- At least 100 signatures in municipalities between 5,001 and 10,000.
- At least 500 signatures in municipalities between 10,001 and 50,000.
- At least 1,500 signatures in municipalities between 50,001 and 150,000.
- At least 3,000 signatures in municipalities between 150,001 and 300,000.
- At least 5,000 signatures in municipalities between 300,001 and 1,000,000.
- At least 8,000 signatures in municipalities over 1,000,001.
Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.
Deputations and island councils
Provincial deputations are the governing bodies of provinces in Spain, having an administration role of municipal activities and composed of a provincial president, an administrative body, and a plenary. Basque provinces has foral deputations instead—called Juntas Generales—, whereas deputations for single-province autonomous communities were abolished: their functions transferred to the corresponding regional parliaments. For insular provinces, such as the Balearic and Canary Islands, deputations were replaced by island councils in each of the islands or group of islands. For Majorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera this figure is referred to in Spanish as consejo insular (Catalan: consell insular), whereas for Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, El Hierro, Lanzarote and La Palma its name is cabildo insular.
Most deputations were indirectly elected by local councillors from municipalities in each judicial district. Seats were allocated to provincial deputations based on the following scale:
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Councillors|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||6,685,420||29.36||+4.34||22,335||+1,477|
|People's Party (PP)||5,148,808||22.61||–4.45||20,336||–2,408|
|Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs)||1,987,454||8.73||+2.18||2,789||+1,273|
|Republican Left of Catalonia–Municipal Agreement (ERC–AM)||822,893||3.61||+1.32||3,109||+722|
|More Madrid (Más Madrid)2||535,883||2.35||+0.03||27||+7|
|United We Can (Podemos–IU)||404,988||1.78||461|
|Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)||403,674||1.77||+0.16||1,052||+33|
|Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu)||347,369||1.53||+0.15||1,254||+59|
|Municipal Commitment (Compromís Municipal)||344,085||1.51||–0.20||724||+3|
|Catalonia in Common–In Common We Win (CatComú–ECG)||327,869||1.44||258|
|Forward Andalusia (Adelante)||302,672||1.33||528|
|United Left (IU)||236,755||1.04||659|
|We Can (Podemos)||213,536||0.94||149|
|Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)||194,462||0.85||±0.00||456||–12|
|Popular Unity Candidacy–Municipalist Alternative (CUP–AMunt)||176,841||0.78||–0.29||335||–50|
|Canarian Coalition–Canarian Nationalist Party (CCa–PNC)||140,322||0.62||–0.05||275||–25|
|Sum Navarre (NA+)3||104,846||0.46||+0.10||298||+10|
|We Can–Equo (Podemos–eQuo)||91,733||0.40||58|
|Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC)||81,536||0.36||+0.04||350||+25|
|New Canaries–Broad Front (NC–FA)||76,050||0.33||±0.00||105||+15|
|United Left–Asturian Left: Asturias for the Left (IU–IAS)||50,644||0.22||106|
|Andalusia by Itself (AxSí)||49,223||0.22||New||104||+104|
|Aragonese Party (PAR)||43,215||0.19||–0.07||658||–260|
|More for Majorca–APIB (Més–APIB)||36,212||0.16||–0.07||86||–22|
|United Left of the Valencian Country–Going Forward (EUPV–SA)||34,637||0.15||76|
|Aragonese Union (CHA)||31,093||0.14||–0.05||148||–16|
|Forum of Citizens (FAC)||30,635||0.13||–0.16||49||–34|
|Local Tides (Mareas Locais)||27,945||0.12||New||42||+42|
|Proposal for the Isles (El Pi)||24,041||0.11||–0.03||79||–12|
|Leonese People's Union (UPL)||21,497||0.09||+0.01||152||+13|
|Yes to the Future (GBai)||20,560||0.09||–0.04||47||–12|
|Votes cast / turnout||22,981,060||65.20||+0.29|
The following table lists party control in provincial capitals, as well as in municipalities above or around 75,000. Gains for a party are highlighted in that party's colour. The inauguration of the new municipal councils took place on 15 June 2019 (except in León and Segovia).
The following table lists party control in provincial deputations.
- "Provincial deputation elections since 1979" (in Spanish). historiaelectoral.com. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "Regulation of the Basis of Local Regimes Law of 1985". Law No. 7 of 2 April 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- "Elecciones 2019". resultados.eleccioneslocaleseuropeas19.es (in Spanish). Interior Ministry. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Municipal elections (city majors by party)". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Historia Electoral. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
- "La pérdida de poder del PP se agrava con las diputaciones: solo conserva tres con mayoría". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 3 June 2019.