2019 Spanish local elections

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2019 Spanish local elections

← 2015 26 May 2019

All 67,121 councillors in 8,131 municipal councils
All seats in 38 provincial deputations
Opinion polls
Registered35,245,345 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.4%
Turnout22,981,060 (65.2%)
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.4 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Pedro Sánchez 2019b (cropped).jpg Pablo Casado 2019b (cropped).jpg Albert Rivera 2019 (cropped).jpg
Leader Pedro Sánchez Pablo Casado Albert Rivera
Party PSOEPSC PP Cs
Leader since 18 June 2017 21 July 2018 9 July 2006
Last election 20,818 c., 25.0% 22,750 c., 27.0% 1,527 c., 6.6%
Seats won 22,335 20,336 2,789
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1,517 Red Arrow Down.svg2,414 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1,262
Popular vote 6,685,420 5,148,808 1,987,454
Percentage 29.4% 22.6% 8.7%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4.4 pp Red Arrow Down.svg4.4 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.1 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Pablo Iglesias 2019 (cropped).jpg Oriol Junqueras 2016b (cropped).jpg Santiago Abascal 2015b (cropped).jpg
Leader Pablo Iglesias Oriol Junqueras Santiago Abascal
Party Unidas PodemosIUeQuo ERC Vox
Leader since 15 November 2014 17 September 2011 20 September 2014
Last election 3,667 c., 14.2%[a] 2,388 c., 2.3% 17 c., 0.3%
Seats won 2,295 3,109 529
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg1,372 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg721 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg512
Popular vote 1,662,834 822,893 813,282
Percentage 7.3% 3.6% 3.6%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg6.9 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.3 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3.3 pp

The 2019 Spanish local elections were held on Sunday, 26 May 2019, to elect all councillors in the municipalities of Spain and all seats in 38 provincial deputations.[1] The elections were held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve autonomous communities, as well as local elections in the three foral deputations of the Basque Country, the ten island councils in the Balearic and Canary Islands and the 2019 European Parliament election.

Electoral system[edit]

Municipal elections[edit]

Municipalities in Spain are local corporations with independent legal personality. They have a governing body, the municipal council or corporation, composed of a mayor, deputy mayors and a plenary assembly of councillors. Voting for the local assemblies is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in the corresponding municipality and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. The mayor is in turn elected by the plenary assembly, with a legal clause providing for the candidate of the most-voted party to be automatically elected to the post in the event no other candidate is to gather an absolute majority of votes.

Local councillors are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each local council. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Councillors are allocated to municipal councils based on the following scale:

Population Councillors
<100 3
100–250 5
251–1,000 7
1,001–2,000 9
2,001–5,000 11
5,001–10,000 13
10,001–20,000 17
20,001–50,000 21
50,001–100,000 25
>100,001 +1 per each 100,000 inhabitants or fraction
+1 if total is an even number

Councillors of municipalities with populations below 250 inhabitants are elected under an open list partial block voting, with electors voting for individual candidates instead of parties: for up to four candidates in municipalities with populations between 100 and 250 inhabitants; and for up to two candidates in municipalities below 100. This does not apply to municipalities whose geographical location or the best management of municipal interests or other circumstances make it advisable to be organized through the open council system (Spanish: régimen de concejo abierto), in which voters will directly elect the local major.[2][3][4]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of a determined amount of the electors registered in the municipality for which they are seeking election:

  • At least 1 percent of the electors in municipalities below 5,000 inhabitants, provided that the number of signers is more than double that of councillors at stake.
  • At least 100 signatures in municipalities between 5,001 and 10,000.
  • At least 500 signatures in municipalities between 10,001 and 50,000.
  • At least 1,500 signatures in municipalities between 50,001 and 150,000.
  • At least 3,000 signatures in municipalities between 150,001 and 300,000.
  • At least 5,000 signatures in municipalities between 300,001 and 1,000,000.
  • At least 8,000 signatures in municipalities over 1,000,001.

Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[2][3]

Deputations and island councils[edit]

Provincial deputations are the governing bodies of provinces in Spain, having an administration role of municipal activities and composed of a provincial president, an administrative body, and a plenary. Basque provinces has foral deputations instead—called Juntas Generales—, whereas deputations for single-province autonomous communities were abolished: their functions transferred to the corresponding regional parliaments. For insular provinces, such as the Balearic and Canary Islands, deputations were replaced by island councils in each of the islands or group of islands. For Majorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera this figure is referred to in Spanish as consejo insular (Catalan: consell insular), whereas for Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, El Hierro, Lanzarote and La Palma its name is cabildo insular.

Most deputations were indirectly elected by local councillors from municipalities in each judicial district. Seats were allocated to provincial deputations based on the following scale:

Population Seats
<500,000 25
500,001–1,000,000 27
1,000,001–3,500,000 31
>3,500,001 51

Island councils and foral deputations are elected directly by electors under their own, specific electoral regulations.[2][3]

Opinion polls[edit]

Municipal elections[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 26 May 2019 municipal election results in Spain
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Councillors
Votes % ±pp Total +/-
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,685,420 29.36 +4.34 22,335 +1,477
People's Party (PP) 5,148,808 22.61 –4.45 20,336 –2,408
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 1,987,454 8.73 +2.18 2,789 +1,273
Republican Left of Catalonia–Municipal Agreement (ERC–AM) 822,893 3.61 +1.32 3,109 +722
Vox (Vox) 813,282 3.57 +3.28 529 +512
Together (Junts)1 557,643 2.45 –0.54 2,799 –537
More Madrid (Más Madrid)2 535,883 2.35 +0.03 27 +7
United We Can (PodemosIU) 404,988 1.78 461
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 403,674 1.77 +0.16 1,052 +33
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu) 347,369 1.53 +0.15 1,254 +59
Municipal Commitment (Compromís Municipal) 344,085 1.51 –0.20 724 +3
Catalonia in Common–In Common We Win (CatComú–ECG) 327,869 1.44 258
Forward Andalusia (Adelante) 302,672 1.33 528
United Left (IU) 236,755 1.04 659
We Can (Podemos) 213,536 0.94 149
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 194,462 0.85 ±0.00 456 –12
Popular Unity Candidacy–Municipalist Alternative (CUP–AMunt) 176,841 0.78 –0.29 335 –50
Canarian Coalition–Canarian Nationalist Party (CCaPNC) 140,322 0.62 –0.05 275 –25
Sum Navarre (NA+)3 104,846 0.46 +0.10 298 +10
We CanEquo (Podemos–eQuo) 91,733 0.40 58
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 81,536 0.36 +0.04 350 +25
New Canaries–Broad Front (NC–FA) 76,050 0.33 ±0.00 105 +15
United LeftAsturian Left: Asturias for the Left (IU–IAS) 50,644 0.22 106
Andalusia by Itself (AxSí) 49,223 0.22 New 104 +104
Aragonese Party (PAR) 43,215 0.19 –0.07 658 –260
More for Majorca–APIB (Més–APIB) 36,212 0.16 –0.07 86 –22
United Left of the Valencian Country–Going Forward (EUPV–SA) 34,637 0.15 76
Aragonese Union (CHA) 31,093 0.14 –0.05 148 –16
Forum of Citizens (FAC) 30,635 0.13 –0.16 49 –34
Local Tides (Mareas Locais) 27,945 0.12 New 42 +42
Proposal for the Isles (El Pi) 24,041 0.11 –0.03 79 –12
Leonese People's Union (UPL) 21,497 0.09 +0.01 152 +13
Yes to the Future (GBai) 20,560 0.09 –0.04 47 –12
Others
Blank ballots 214,385 0.94 –0.72
Total 22,767,801 100.00 67,121 –394
Valid votes 22,767,801 99.07 +0.60
Invalid votes 213,259 0.93 –0.60
Votes cast / turnout 22,981,060 65.20 +0.29
Abstentions 12,264,285 34.80 –0.29
Registered voters 35,245,345
Sources[5]

City control[edit]

The following table lists party control in provincial capitals, as well as in municipalities above or around 75,000.[6] Gains for a party are highlighted in that party's colour. The inauguration of the new municipal councils took place on 15 June 2019 (except in León and Segovia).

Municipality Population Previous control New control
A Coruña 244,850 Atlantic Tide (Marea) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Albacete 173,050 People's Party (PP) Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs)
Alcalá de Guadaíra 75,256 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Alcalá de Henares 193,751 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Alcobendas 116,037 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Alcorcón 169,502 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Algeciras 121,414 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Alicante 331,577 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Almería 196,851 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Arona 79,448 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Ávila 57,657 People's Party (PP) For Ávila (XAV)
Avilés 78,715 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Badajoz 150,530 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Badalona 217,741 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)
Barakaldo 100,435 Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)
Barcelona 1,620,343 Barcelona in Common (BComú) Barcelona in Common (BComú)
Bilbao 345,821 Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)
Burgos 175,921 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Cáceres 96,068 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Cádiz 116,979 Forward Andalusia (Adelante) Forward Andalusia (Adelante)
Cartagena 213,943 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Castellón de la Plana 170,888 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Ceuta 85,144 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Chiclana de la Frontera 83,831 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Ciudad Real 74,743 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Córdoba 325,708 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) People's Party (PP)
Cornellà de Llobregat 87,173 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)
Coslada 81,860 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Cuenca 54,898 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Dos Hermanas 133,168 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
El Ejido 84,710 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
El Puerto de Santa María 88,364 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) People's Party (PP)
Elche 230,625 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Fuengirola 75,396 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Fuenlabrada 193,586 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Gandía 73,829 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Getafe 180,747 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Getxo 78,276 Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)
Gijón 271,843 Asturias Forum (FAC) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Girona 100,266 Together for Catalonia (JxCat) Together for Catalonia (JxCat)
Granada 232,208 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs)
Guadalajara 84,145 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Huelva 144,258 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Huesca 52,463 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Jaén 113,457 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Jerez de la Frontera 212,879 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat 261,068 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)
Las Palmas 378,517 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Las Rozas de Madrid 95,550 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Leganés 186,907 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
León 124,772 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Lleida 137,856 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)
Logroño 151,113 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Lorca 93,079 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Lugo 98,025 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Madrid 3,223,334 More Madrid (Más Madrid) People's Party (PP)
Málaga 571,026 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Manresa 76,250 Together for Catalonia (JxCat) Together for Catalonia (JxCat)
Marbella 141,463 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Mataró 126,988 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)
Melilla 86,384 People's Party (PP) Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs)
Mijas 80,630 Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Móstoles 207,095 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Murcia 447,182 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Orihuela 101,321 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Ourense 105,505 People's Party (PP) Ourensan Democracy (DO)
Oviedo 220,020 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) People's Party (PP)
Palencia 78,629 People's Party (PP) Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs)
Palma 409,661 More for Majorca (Més) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Pamplona 199,066 Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu) Sum Navarre (NA+)
Parla 128,256 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Pontevedra 82,802 Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)
Pozuelo de Alarcón 86,172 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Reus 103,477 Together for Catalonia (JxCat) Together for Catalonia (JxCat)
Rivas-Vaciamadrid 85,893 United Left (IU) United Left (IU)
Roquetas de Mar 94,925 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Rubí 76,423 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)
Sabadell 211,734 Popular Unity Candidacy (CUP) Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)
Salamanca 143,978 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
San Cristóbal de La Laguna 155,549 Canarian Coalition (CCa) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
San Fernando 95,174 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
San Sebastián 186,665 Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)
San Sebastián de los Reyes 87,724 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Sant Boi de Llobregat 82,904 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)
Sant Cugat del Vallès 90,664 Together for Catalonia (JxCat) Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)
Santa Coloma de Gramenet 118,821 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)
Santa Cruz de Tenerife 204,856 Canarian Coalition (CCa) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Santander 172,044 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Santiago de Compostela 96,405 Open Compostela (CA) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Segovia 51,683 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Seville 688,711 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Soria 39,112 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Talavera de la Reina 83,009 People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Tarragona 132,299 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)
Telde 123,265 New Canaries (NCa) Canarian Coalition (CCa)
Terrassa 218,535 Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) All for Terrassa (TxT)
Teruel 35,691 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Toledo 84,282 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Torrejón de Ardoz 129,729 People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Torrent 81,245 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Torrevieja 82,599 The Greens (LV) People's Party (PP)
Valencia 791,413 Commitment Coalition (Compromís) Commitment Coalition (Compromís)
Valladolid 298,866 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Vélez-Málaga 80,817 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Vigo 293,642 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Vitoria-Gasteiz 249,176 Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)
Zamora 61,827 United Left (IU) United Left (IU)
Zaragoza 666,880 Zaragoza in Common (ZGZ) People's Party (PP)

Provincial deputations[edit]

Deputation control[edit]

The following table lists party control in provincial deputations.[1]

Province Current control New control[7]
A Coruña Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Albacete Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Alicante People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Almería People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Ávila People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Badajoz Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Barcelona Together for Catalonia (JxCat) Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)
Burgos People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Cáceres Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Cádiz Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Castellón People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Ciudad Real Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Córdoba Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Cuenca People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Girona Together for Catalonia (JxCat) Together for Catalonia (JxCat)
Granada Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Guadalajara People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Huelva Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Huesca Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Jaén Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
León People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Lleida Together for Catalonia (JxCat) Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)
Lugo People's Party (PP) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Málaga People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Ourense People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Palencia People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Pontevedra Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Salamanca People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Segovia People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Seville Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Soria Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) People's Party (PP)
Tarragona Together for Catalonia (JxCat) Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)
Teruel Aragonese Party (PAR) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Toledo Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Valencia Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Valladolid People's Party (PP) People's Party (PP)
Zamora People's Party (PP) Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs)
Zaragoza Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aggregated data for Podemos, IUICV–EUiAAnova and eQuo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Provincial deputation elections since 1979" (in Spanish). historiaelectoral.com. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Regulation of the Basis of Local Regimes Law of 1985". Law No. 7 of 2 April 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Elecciones 2019". resultados.eleccioneslocaleseuropeas19.es (in Spanish). Interior Ministry. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Municipal elections (city majors by party)". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Historia Electoral. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  7. ^ "La pérdida de poder del PP se agrava con las diputaciones: solo conserva tres con mayoría". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 3 June 2019.