2019 State of the Union Address

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2019 State of the Union Address
Donald J. Trump at 2019 State of the Union (46092930285) (cropped).jpg
President Donald Trump during the speech, with Vice President Mike Pence and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi behind him.
DateFebruary 5, 2019 (2019-02-05)
Time9:00 p.m. EST
Duration1 hour, 22 minutes[1]
VenueHouse Chamber, United States Capitol
LocationWashington, D.C.
Coordinates38°53′23″N 77°00′32″W / 38.88972°N 77.00889°W / 38.88972; -77.00889Coordinates: 38°53′23″N 77°00′32″W / 38.88972°N 77.00889°W / 38.88972; -77.00889
TypeState of the Union Address
ParticipantsDonald Trump
FootageC-SPAN
Websitewhitehouse.gov/sotu

The 2019 State of the Union Address was given by the 45th President of the United States, Donald Trump, on Tuesday, February 5, 2019, at 9 p.m. EST in the chamber of the United States House of Representatives to the 116th United States Congress. Presiding over this joint session was the House Speaker, Nancy Pelosi, accompanied by Mike Pence, the Vice President of the United States. It was Trump's second State of the Union Address and his third speech to a joint session of the United States Congress. The Democratic Response was given by 2018 Georgia gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams and the Spanish-language response was given by California Attorney General and former U.S. Representative Xavier Becerra.[2][3][4]

Background[edit]

Article II, Section 3, Clause 1 of the United States Constitution states that the president "shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient."[5]

Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi sent an invitation to President Donald Trump on January 3, 2019, to deliver a "State of the Union address before a Joint Session of Congress on Tuesday, January 29, 2019 in the House Chamber." The invitation was sent just hours after her election to Speaker of the House.[6][7][8] On January 6, President Trump commented to reporters that "I will be making the State of the Union on January 29. And I look forward to it. I look forward to it. And I look forward to speaking, really, before the world. We have a lot of great things to say."[9][10][11]

The Cabinet of Donald Trump, the heads of the 15 executive departments, Joint Chiefs of Staff, the nine sitting Supreme Court justices, and members of Congress were invited to attend. Fifteen guests chosen by First Lady Melania Trump were present in the gallery.[12]

Postponement[edit]

Originally scheduled for January 29,[13] Pelosi communicated on January 16 that pursuant to the month-long shutdown of the federal government, citing fears of security concerns regarding unpaid Secret Service members, the President could reschedule the Address or submit a written State of the Union to Congress.[14][15][16][Notes 1][17] Pelosi formally communicated on January 23 that a resolution authorizing the speech in the House chamber would not be considered until the shutdown had ended.[18] Trump announced he would wait to give the State of the Union Address after the end of the shutdown.[19] The shutdown was suspended on January 25,[20][Notes 2] and on January 28, Pelosi issued an invitation for Trump to deliver the Address in the Capitol Building on February 5, 2019.[21] On the same day, Trump accepted Pelosi's proposed date.[22][23]

Address[edit]

Photo taken during the 2019 State of the Union address

The State of the Union Address was given at 9:00 p.m. EST on February 5, 2019. President Trump began the address without an introduction from Pelosi, breaking with a SOTU custom.[24] During the speech, Vice President Mike Pence and Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi sat behind Trump. U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry was named the designated survivor and was at an undisclosed location during the address so that, in case of a catastrophe, the continuity of government would be upheld.[25]

The speech lasted 82 minutes, making it the third longest State of the Union Address.[1] During the speech, Trump discussed bipartisanship, the economy, jobs, unemployment, tax reform, energy production, unity, the opioid crisis, prison reform, immigration, border security, the border wall, trade, infrastructure, prescription drugs, HIV/AIDS, cancer, family leave, abortion, national security, North Korea, Venezuela, the Middle East, ISIS, Afghanistan, Iran, antisemitism, veterans, and opportunity. He also discussed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, socialism, and the War in Afghanistan.

During the address, President Trump announced his next summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. The summit is planned to take place on February 27–28, 2019 in Vietnam.[26]

In his Address, Trump asserted that "The savage gang MS-13 now operates in at least 20 different American states and they almost all come through our southern border... Just yesterday, an MS-13 gang member was taken into custody for a fatal shooting on a subway platform in New York City. We are removing these gang members by the thousands, but until we secure our border, they are going to keep streaming right back in."[27][28] The Washington Post fact checker found that MS-13 is active primarily in Los Angeles, Long Island (New York), and the Washington, D.C. metro area. The Washington Post also concluded that 1,332 illegal alien members of MS-13 were deported in fiscal year 2018.[29]

Protests[edit]

A group of female Democratic members of Congress wore white to highlight women's rights

A group of female Democratic members of Congress and their guests wore white (the color of the women's suffrage movement) to bring notice to women's rights.[30][31] Steny Hoyer also handed out white ribbons to males.[31]

Each member of Congress is allowed to bring one guest and several Democratic members of Congress brought various guests to send a message.[31] Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez brought a sexual assault survivor,[32] Pramila Jayapal brought a climate change scientist,[33] and Ilhan Omar brought an illegal immigrant threatened with deportation.[34]

Several Democratic members of congress boycotted Trump's speech in protest, including Earl Blumenauer, Steve Cohen, John Lewis, and Hank Johnson.[35]

Notable invitations[edit]

Responses[edit]

On January 29, 2019, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) announced that Stacey Abrams would deliver the Democratic response to 2019 State of the Union Address. California Attorney General Xavier Becerra gave the Spanish-language response.[2][3][4]

The response by the Libertarian Party was given by Jeff Hewitt.[41][42] Independent Senator Bernie Sanders also gave a response to address.[43][44]

Coverage[edit]

The State of the Union Address was televised on all the major U.S. broadcast and cable television networks. Facebook and Twitter streamed the address online.[45] Nine media outlets (ABC News, CBS News, NBC News, Bloomberg News, The New York Times, The Washington Post, Telemundo, Univision, and C-SPAN) and the White House provided ten separate livestreams of the address on YouTube.[citation needed]

Reactions[edit]

Polls conducted by CBS gauged approval of speech, viewership, among other things. A poll by CBS found 76% of people approved of the speech.[46] Another poll by CBS based on party identification found that 43% of Republicans, 24% of Democrats, and 30% of Independents watched the address.[46] Another poll based on party identification found that 97% of Republicans, 30% of Democrats, and 82% of Independents approved the message of the speech.[46]

Polls conducted by CNN gauged approval of speech, policy approval, among other things.[47] 59% of viewers approved the President's address.[47] 71% of viewers thought that the President's policies were moving the country in the right direction; 76% on economy, 70% on trade and national security, 68% on immigration, and 65% on taxes.[47]

Fundraising by Trump's 2020 campaign[edit]

A fundraising effort by Trump's 2020 campaign on the days leading to the address and on the day of the address raised $2.4 million from 76,000 donors. His campaign displayed names of donors on a live streaming broadcast of the event on Donald Trump's Facebook page. This is comparable to fundraising for Trump's 2020 campaign that occurred during the 2018 address that similarly included the display of names of donors on a streaming broadcast online.[48]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In Pelosi's January 16 letter, she wrote that in September 2018, Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen had designated State of the Union Addresses as National Special Security Event (NSSEs) in 2018 to ensure adequate security for the events which requires weeks of preparation. Nielsen responded by saying DHS was "fully prepared" for the Address.
  2. ^ The terms of ending the shutdown allow three weeks for Congress to negotiate and potentially pass a new funding bill. Failure to pass a bill by that deadline could result in another shutdown.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Longest State of the Union speech? So close ..." NBC News. February 5, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Levine, Marianne (January 29, 2019). "Stacey Abrams to give Democratic response to State of the Union". Politico. Arlington County, Virginia: Capitol News Company. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  3. ^ a b Pathé, Simone (January 29, 2019). "Stacey Abrams to give Democratic Response to State of The Union Address". Roll Call. Washington, D.C.: FiscalNote. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Bernal, Rafael (January 29, 2019). "California AG Becerra to give Spanish-language SOTU Response". The Hill. Washington, D.C.: Capital Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  5. ^ "Constitution of the United States". United States Senate. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  6. ^ Griffiths, Brent D. (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi invites Trump to give State of the Union on Jan. 29". Politico. Arlington County, Virginia: Capitol News Company. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  7. ^ Watkins, Eli (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi invites Trump to deliver State of the Union on January 29". CNN. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  8. ^ Marcos, Christina (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi invites Trump to give State of the Union on January 29". The Hill. Washington, D.C.: Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  9. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (January 6, 2019). "Remarks by President Trump Before Marine One Departure". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  10. ^ "Trump says look forward to State of the Union address to speak before world". The Times of India. Mumbai: The Times Group. January 7, 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  11. ^ Gizzi, John (January 6, 2019). "Trump to Newsmax: "I Will Be Giving the State of the Union Address"". Newsmax. United States: Newsmax Media. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  12. ^ Earl, Jennifer (January 9, 2019). "When is the 2019 State of the Union address? Everything to know about Trump's second speech to Congress". Fox News. New York City: Fox Corporation. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  13. ^ Pelosi, Nancy (January 4, 2019). "Speaker Nancy Pelosi (3 January 2019) Pelosi Invites President Trump to Deliver State of the Union Address". United States House of Representatives. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  14. ^ Blake, Aaron (January 16, 2019). "Pelosi's bold letter about postponing Trump's State of the Union, annotated". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Nash Holdings. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  15. ^ Werner, Erica; Costa, Robert; Wagner, John (January 16, 2019). "Pelosi asks Trump to postpone State of the Union address because of shutdown — or deliver it in writing". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Nash Holdings. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  16. ^ Allen, Jonathan; Shabad, Rebecca (January 16, 2019). "Pelosi asks Trump to move State of the Union or submit it in writing". NBC News. New York City: NBC. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  17. ^ Mangan, Dan; Breuninger, Kevin (January 16, 2019). "Homeland Security ready to protect Trump's State of the Union". CNBC. United States: NBCUniversal Television Group. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  18. ^ Ballhaus, Rebecca; Peterson, Kristina (January 23, 2019). "Trump, Pelosi Trade Barbs Over State of the Union Address". The Wall Street Journal. New York City: Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  19. ^ March, Mary Tyler (January 23, 2019). "Trump: I will deliver State of the Union 'when the shutdown is over'". The Hill. Washington, D.C.: Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  20. ^ Silbiger, Sarah (January 25, 2019). "Trump Signs Bill Reopening Government for 3 Weeks in Surprise Retreat From Wall". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  21. ^ Vucc, Evan (January 28, 2019). "State of the Union 2019: Nancy Pelosi invites Donald Trump to give address on February 5". WLS-TV. Chicago: Disney–ABC Television Group. CNN. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  22. ^ Associated Press (January 28, 2019). "Trump, Pelosi agree on Feb. 5 for State of the Union address". WJW. Cleveland: Tribune Broadcasting. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  23. ^ Mitovich, Matt Webb (January 29, 2019). "State of the Union Rescheduled, Stacey Abrams to Give Democratic Response — Which Shows Are Preempted?". TVLine. United States: TVLine Media, LLC (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  24. ^ Abrams, Abigail (February 5, 2019). "Donald Trump Did Not Wait for Nancy Pelosi to Introduce Him During the State of the Union". Time. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  25. ^ Fritze, John; Hayes, Christal (February 5, 2019). "Designated survivor for State of the Union address: Rick Perry". USA Today. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  26. ^ "Second Trump-Kim summit to be held in Vietnam on February 27–28". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  27. ^ "MS-13 gang member arrested in Queens subway shooting, 2 others sought". WABC-TV. 6 February 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  28. ^ Lind, Dara (5 February 2019). "Trump has a long history of fearmongering about immigrant murder". Vox. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  29. ^ Kessler, Glenn; Rizzo, Salvador; Kelly, Kelly (6 February 2019). "Fact-checking President Trump's 2019 State of the Union address". Washington Post. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  30. ^ "Women send political message by wearing white to Trump's State of the Union". ABC News.
  31. ^ a b c "How Democrats Are Using Guests to Send Messages at the State of the Union". New York Times.
  32. ^ "Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's State of the Union guest is activist who confronted Jeff Flake in elevator". CBS News. 5 February 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  33. ^ "The glaring hole in Trump's address: Climate change". Washington Post. 6 February 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  34. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (4 February 2019). "How Democrats Are Using Guests to Send Messages at the State of the Union". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  35. ^ "Democrats boycotting State of the Union 2019". Fox News.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i "State of the Union". The White House. February 5, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  37. ^ "What we know about the officers injured in synagogue shooting". WPXI. November 7, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  38. ^ Stanley-Becker, Issac (October 27, 2018). "In Pittsburgh, a Holocaust survivor was four minutes late to synagogue, escaping death a second time". Washington Post. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  39. ^ Miller, Ryan W. (February 5, 2019). "Anti-Semitism almost killed him – twice. At the State of the Union, Congress sang him 'Happy Birthday'". USA TODAY. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  40. ^ Baker, Peter (2018-06-06). "Alice Marie Johnson Is Granted Clemency by Trump After Push by Kim Kardashian West". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  41. ^ "Libertarian Party's 2019 State of the Union Address".
  42. ^ "The Libertarian Party State of the Union: 'Americans deserve better' than 'Republicans and Democrats careen[ing] toward socialism and fascism'".
  43. ^ Rodrigo, Chris Mills (4 February 2019). "Bernie Sanders to deliver his own State of the Union response". TheHill. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  44. ^ Herreria, Carla (6 February 2019). "Bernie Sanders Uses Rebuttal To Fact-Check Trump's State Of The Union Speech". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  45. ^ Mathews, Liam (February 4, 2018). "How to Watch the State of the Union". TV Guide. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  46. ^ a b c "Most viewers approved of Trump's second State of the Union address". www.cbsnews.com. 6 February 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  47. ^ a b c "Speech audience was most partisan since 2001". CNN. 6 February 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  48. ^ Bedard, Paul (February 5, 2019). "Trump raises $2.4 million from 76,000 in SOTU pitch, a new record". Washington Examiner. Retrieved February 5, 2019.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
2018 State of the Union Address
State of the Union Addresses
2019
Succeeded by
2020 State of the Union Address