2019 Taiwanese legislative by-elections

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2019 Taiwanese legislative by-elections

← 2016 27 January 2019 (2019-01-27) and 16 March 2019 (2019-03-16) 2020 →

6 of 113 seats in the Legislative Yuan
57 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Cho Jung-tai election infobox.jpg Wu Den-yih election infobox.jpg
Leader Cho Jung-tai Wu Den-yih
Party DPP Kuomintang
Leader since 9 January 2019 20 August 2017
Last election 68 seats, 44.3%[a] 35 seats, 32.9%[a]
Seats before 65 32
Seats won 3 2
Seats after 68 34

Legislative Yuan election map 2019.svg
Elected member party by seat

By-elections for the Ninth Legislative Yuan were held in 2019, two on 27 January and four on 16 March, at Taiwan to elect 6 of the 113 members of the Legislative Yuan for the remaining term until 2020.

Background[edit]

The by-election was the result of resignations by Pasuya Yao, Democratic Progressive Party legislator for Taipei 2;[1] Kuomintang legislator Lu Shiow-yen from Taichung 5;[2] Wang Huei-mei, Kuomintang legislator for Changhua County 1; Huang Wei-cher, Democratic Progressive Party legislator for Tainan 2; and Yang Cheng-wu, Kuomintang legislator for Kinmen County.

All but Yao won election to local offices in the 2018 local election. Under the Article 73 of the Civil Servants Election And Recall Act [zh], if any positions become vacant due to resignation or election to another office, and the vacated term is longer than one year, a by-election shall be completed within three months commencing from the date of resignation.[3]

Confirmation of by-election[edit]

On 30 November 2018, the Central Election Commission announced that by-elections for Taipei 2 and Taichung 5 were to be held on 26 January 2019.[4] On 4 December 2018, the CEC moved the date to 27 January 2019, as the previously announced date coincided with the General Scholastic Ability Test.[5] Registration of candidacies for these two seats were open from 10 to 14 December 2018.[6]

By-elections for vacant seats in Changhua County 1, Tainan 2, Kimnen County and New Taipei 3 were scheduled for 16 March 2019.[7]

Candidates by main parties[edit]

Taipei City Constituency 2[edit]

Taichung City Constituency 5[edit]

Changhua County Constituency 1[edit]

  • Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang has 3 candidates indicated interest in contesting the by-election. Polls were done, KMT has nominated current Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan Regional Branch Workforce Development Agency director Ko Cheng-fang to contest the seat.[11]
  • Democratic Progressive Party has called in former Lukang Township mayor Huang Chen-yen to contest the seat.[12]

Tainan City Constituency 2[edit]

Kinmen County Constituency[edit]

New Taipei City Constituency 3[edit]

Opinion Polls[edit]

Taipei City Constituency 2[edit]

Poll Organization Date of completion Ho Chih-wei Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Chen Bing-fu Black-nill.png Chen Si-yu Black-nill.png Wang Yi-kai Undecided-Square.png Undecided
TVBS December 21, 2018 32% 23% 10% 4% 31%
ETtoday December 27, 2018 24.5% 32.0% 15.5% - 28%
Formosa January 6, 2019 28.3% 18.8% 10.3% 2.4% 11%

Taichung City Constituency 5[edit]

Poll Organization Date of completion Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Shen Chih-hwei Wang Yi-chuan Black-nill.png Chiu Yu-shan Undecided-Square.png Undecided
ETtoday December 28, 2018 44.3% 19.2% 7.3% 22.8%

Tainan City Constituency 2[edit]

Poll Organization Date of completion Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Hsieh Lung-jie Kuo Kuo-wen Black-nill.png Chen Hsiao-yu Undecided-Square.png Undecided
China Times 25 February 2019 34.9% 24.3% 11.9% 28.9%
TVBS 4 March 2019 38% 26% 13% 23%
Formosa 5 March 2019 29.1% 22.1% 8.8% 40.1%

New Taipei City Constituency 3[edit]

Poll Organization Date of completion Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Cheng Shih-wei Yu Tian Black-nill.png Su Ching-yen Undecided-Square.png Undecided
DPP 30 January 2019 23.1% 41.0% 4.3% 31.6%
DPP 14 February 2019 23.4% 41.0% 4.2% 31.4%
China Times 25 February 2019 39.3% 33.2% 3.0% 24.5%
TVBS 4 March 2019 40% 36% 3% 21%

Results[edit]

Taipei 2[edit]

Voted on 27 January 2019.[17]

No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Chen Yuan-chi National Non-party Union 89 0.11%
2 Ho Chih-wei Democratic Progressive Party 38,591 47.76% Vote1.svg
3 Wang Yi-kai Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 897 1.11%
4 Chen Bing-fu Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 31,532 39.03%
5 Chen Si-yu Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 9,689 11.99%
Total voters  266,907
Total votes  81,107
Valid votes  80,798
Invalid votes  309
Voter turnout  30.39%

Taichung 5[edit]

Voted on 27 January 2019.

No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Chiu Yu-shan Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 2,910 3.42%
2 Lin Chung-sheng United Party (Taiwan) 157 0.18%
3 Wang Yi-chuan Democratic Progressive Party 32,903 38.62%
4 Shen Chih-hwei Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 49,230 57.78% Vote1.svg
Total voters  337,848
Total votes  85,621
Valid votes  85,200
Invalid votes  421
Voter turnout  25.34%

New Taipei 3[edit]

Voted on 16 March 2019. [18]

No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Su Ching-yen Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 1,303 1.19%
2 Cheng Shih-wei Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 51,127 46.77%
3 Yu Tian Democratic Progressive Party 56,888 52.04% Vote1.svg
Total voters  261,154
Total votes  109,939
Valid votes  109,318
Invalid votes  621
Voter turnout  42.10%

Changhua 1[edit]

Voted on 16 March 2019.

No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Ko Cheng-fang Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 47,835 52.11% Vote1.svg
2 Chi Ching-tang Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 2,022 2.20%
3 Huang Chen-yen Democratic Progressive Party 41,946 45.69%
Total voters  252,529
Total votes  92,411
Valid votes  91,803
Invalid votes  608
Voter turnout  36.59%

Tainan 2[edit]

Voted on 16 March 2019.

No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Yang Hsiao-ju Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 492 0.37%
2 Kuo Kuo-wen Democratic Progressive Party 62,858 47.05% Vote1.svg
3 Wu Ping-hui Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 350 0.26%
4 Hsieh Lung-jie Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 59,194 44.31%
5 Chen Hsiao-yu Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 10,424 7.80%
6 Hsu Kuo-tong Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 269 0.20%
Total voters  301,571
Total votes  134,275
Valid votes  133,587
Invalid votes  688
Voter turnout  44.53%

Kinmen[edit]

Voted on 16 March 2019.

No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Hung Li-ping Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 5,681 22.90%
2 Chen Tsang-chiang Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 6,020 24.27%
3 Tsai Hsi-hu Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 5,175 20.87%
4 Lu Kuan-yu Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 570 2.30%
5 Hung Chih-heng Kinmen sorghum party.jpg Kinmen Sorghum Party 240 0.97%
6 Chen Yu-chen Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 7,117 28.69% Vote1.svg
Total voters  117,730
Total votes  24,968
Valid votes  24,803
Invalid votes  165
Voter turnout  21.21%

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Average of constituency and party-list votes

References[edit]

  1. ^ 姚文智宣布辭立委 全力拚台北市長選舉
  2. ^ 盧秀燕宣布辭立委 全力拚台中市長選戰
  3. ^ Civil Servants Election And Recall Act
  4. ^ "Legislative by-elections set for Jan. 26". Taipei Times. 2 December 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  5. ^ "By-elections date changed". Taipei Times. 5 December 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  6. ^ Li, Shu-hua; Ko Lin (30 November 2018). "Two legislative by-elections to be held on Jan. 26, 2019: CEC". Central News Agency. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  7. ^ Liu, Lee-jung; Ko Lin (18 December 2018). "Legislative by-elections in Tainan, Changhua, Kinmen set for March 16". Central News Agency. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  8. ^ "【立委補選】民進黨徵召何志偉選台北 王義川選台中". 蘋果日報 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  9. ^ "剛連任北市議員 國民黨陳炳甫宣布投入立委補選 - 政治 - 自由時報電子報". news.ltn.com.tw. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  10. ^ Storm.mg. "白綠再分家!柯文哲將推陳思宇角逐立委補選-風傳媒". www.storm.mg (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  11. ^ "國民黨彰化立委初選 前副縣長柯呈枋民調勝出". 蘋果日報 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-01-12.
  12. ^ "民進黨拍板!徵召余天參選三重立委補選 郭國文參選台南立委補選". 蘋果日報 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-01-12.
  13. ^ "金門立委補選 陳玉珍盧冠宇登記 | 地方 | 中央社 CNA". www.cna.com.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  14. ^ "國民黨開鍘 最美女里長遭撤銷黨籍". tw.news.yahoo.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  15. ^ "民進黨拍板!徵召余天參選三重立委補選 郭國文參選台南立委補選". 蘋果日報 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-01-09.
  16. ^ "國民黨擬徵召鄭世維選三重立委 余天:我要更努力走遍遍". 蘋果日報 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  17. ^ "第9屆立法委員臺北市第2選舉區及臺中市第5選舉區缺額補選結果". 中央選舉委員會 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  18. ^ "第9屆立法委員新北市第3選舉區、臺南市第2選舉區、彰化縣第1選舉區及金門縣選舉區缺額補選結果". 中央選舉委員會 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-03-16.