2019 Thuringian state election
All 90 seats of the Landtag of Thuringia
46 seats needed for a majority
|Turnout||64.9% 12.2 pp|
The 2019 Thuringian state election in Thuringia, Germany took place on 27 October 2019 and was the seventh election to the Thuringian state parliament since the founding of the Free State of Thuringia in 1990. The Left emerged as the largest party, but the election resulted in a hung parliament as the governing Red-Red-Green Coalition fell 4 seats short of an overall majority.
According to § 18 of the Thuringian Electoral Law for the Landtag, the Landtag election must take place on a Sunday or public holiday at the earliest 57 months after the beginning of the current parliamentary term on 14 October 2014 and at the latest 61 months after, i.e. at the earliest 21 July 2019 and at the latest 10 November 2019. On 28 August 2018, the Thuringian Land government announced that the election is to take place on 27 October 2019.
|Polling firm||Fieldwork date||Sample
|2019 state election||27 Oct 2019||–||21.7||31.0||8.2||23.4||5.2||0.5||5.0||4.9||7.6|
|Forschungsgruppe Wahlen||23–24 Oct 2019||1,177||26||28||9||21||7||–||5||4||2|
|Civey||25 Sep–23 Oct 2019||3,029||22.9||30.2||8.2||23.2||7.4||–||5.0||3.1||7.0|
|INSA||14–21 Oct 2019||1,010||24||28||9||24||8||–||5||2||4|
|Infratest dimap||14–16 Oct 2019||1,001||24||29||8||24||7||–||4||4||5|
|Forschungsgruppe Wahlen||14–16 Oct 2019||1,004||26||27||9||20||8||–||5||5||1|
|Civey||2–26 Sep 2019||3,035||24.2||25.3||8.4||22.3||9.2||–||5.0||5.8||1.1|
|INSA||16–23 Sep 2019||1,010||23||29||9||24||9||–||4||2||5|
|Infratest dimap||10–14 Sep 2019||1,001||22||28||7||25||8||–||5||5||3|
|INSA||12–19 Aug 2019||1,009||24||26||9||21||11||–||4||5||2|
|Infratest dimap||24–29 Jul 2019||1,001||21||25||8||24||11||–||5||6||1|
|INSA||18–24 Jun 2019||1,005||26||24||10||20||10||–||5||5||2|
|Civey||15 May–12 Jun 2019||2,981||26.5||20.8||9.6||22.5||10.1||–||5.2||5.3||4.0|
|2019 European election||26 May 2019||–||24.7||13.8||11.0||22.5||8.6||1.0||4.4||15.0||2.2|
|INSA||21–24 May 2019||1,029||26||25||11||20||8||–||5||5||1|
|INSA||11–22 Apr 2019||1,001||27||25||10||19||7||–||6||6||2|
|Civey||19 Mar–16 Apr 2019||1,320||28.6||24.3||11.0||19.5||7.3||–||4.9||4.4||4.3|
|INSA||19–25 Mar 2019||1,008||27||24||10||20||8||–||5||6||3|
|Infratest dimap||19–23 Mar 2019||1,005||28||24||11||20||8||–||5||4||4|
|INSA||22 Oct–17 Nov 2018||1,000||23||22||12||22||12||–||6||3||1|
|Infratest dimap||20–25 Aug 2018||1,000||30||22||10||23||6||–||5||4||7|
|INSA||29 May–1 Jun 2018||1,028||31||26||10||18||6||–||5||4||5|
|INSA||9–19 Feb 2018||1,267||32||24||10||18||7||–||5||4||8|
|INSA||9–13 Oct 2017||1,002||31||20||13||20||4||–||7||5||11|
|2017 federal election||24 Sep 2017||–||28.8||16.9||13.2||22.7||4.1||1.2||7.8||5.3||6.0|
|INSA||24–28 Jul 2017||1,007||37||22||11||18||4||–||5||3||15|
|Infratest dimap||12–17 Jun 2017||1,000||37||27||10||13||5||–||4||4||10|
|INSA||5–11 Apr 2017||1,005||33||22||15||19||5||–||4||2||11|
|INSA||15–25 Nov 2016||1,002||31||23||13||20||6||–||4||3||8|
|Infratest dimap||15–19 Nov 2016||1,000||32||23||12||21||6||–||3||3||9|
|INSA||17–21 Jun 2016||1,001||31.5||26||11.5||17.5||7||–||3.5||3||5.5|
|Infratest dimap||10–15 Jun 2016||1,701||32||25||11||19||7||–||–||6||7|
|INSA||4–12 Apr 2016||1,000||31||26.5||13||15||8.5||–||4||2||4.5|
|INSA||4–11 Jan 2016||1,002||33.5||27||14.5||13.5||7||–||–||4.5||6.5|
|INSA||7–12 Oct 2015||1,017||35.5||24.5||15.5||12||6.5||–||–||6||11|
|Infratest dimap||9–14 Sep 2015||1,000||35||27||13||9||7||4||–||5||8|
|INSA||1–6 Jul 2015||1,006||38||30||11||8||6||2||2||3||8|
|Infratest dimap||28 May–1 Jun 2015||1,002||34||27||14||8||7||3||2||5||7|
|INSA||23–27 Mar 2015||1,004||38||28||11||7||7||–||3||6||10|
|INSA||26 Jan–2 Feb 2015||1,000||40||29||11||10||6||–||–||4||11|
|2014 state election||14 Sep 2014||–||33.5||28.2||12.4||10.6||5.7||3.6||2.5||3.6||5.3|
|The Left (Die Linke)||343,780||31.0||2.8||29||1||32.2|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||259,382||23.4||12.8||22||11||24.4|
|Christian Democratic Union (CDU)||241,049||21.7||11.8||21||13||23.3|
|Social Democratic Party (SPD)||90,987||8.2||4.2||8||5||8.9|
|Alliance 90/The Greens (Grünen)||57,474||5.2||0.5||5||1||5.6|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||55,493||5.0||2.5||5||5||5.6|
|National Democratic Party of Germany||6,044||0.5||3.1||0||±0||0|
|Blank and invalid votes||13,426||1.2||0.2|
|Electorate / voter turnout||1,729,242||64.9||12.2|
|Source: Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik|
The Left became the strongest party in a state election for the first time since German reunification. Notably, the FDP returned to a former East German state parliament for the first time since winning seats in Thuringia and Brandenburg in 2009. Whether the FDP would pass the 5 per cent electoral threshold was in doubt for much of election night, but preliminary results showed them entering the Landtag by a margin of six votes. This increased to 73 votes in the final results announced on 7 November.
The AfD doubled its result, going from 10.6% and 11 seats to 23.4% and 22 seats. The CDU, which rules at the national level in a coalition with its Bavarian sister party the CSU and the SPD, suffered its worst result in the state, losing more than 11 percentage points to take 22.5% of the vote. The Greens’ co-leader Annalena Baerbock said she was disappointed at her party's performance and that she was “devastated” by the huge gains made by the AfD, referring to it as “fascistic”. She said the result reinforced the need to invest more time and energy in civil society in eastern Germany.
The results mean the red-red-green coalition that ruled the state previously (between The Left, the SPD and the Greens) are unable to achieve a majority in the legislature, as they are a total of four seats short. The CDU ruled out co-operating with the Left, and all parties ruled out any co-operation with AfD.
An open letter published on 5 November and signed by 17 state CDU members caused controversy. Although the letter only urged the CDU to hold discussions "all democratically elected parties" in the Landtag before ruling out any coalition partnerships, it was criticized by members of the national CDU and other state parties who interpreted it as a veiled call to work with AfD. Earlier in the week, deputy state party leader Michael Heym also publicly suggested exploring a CDU-AfD-FDP coalition.
The result provided for two possible governments not including AfD, a Left-CDU coalition or a Left-SPD-Green-FDP coalition; the former would be ideologically unwieldy but command a stable majority, while the latter had never been tried on any level and would only hold a slim majority of 47 seats. Minister-President Ramelow invited CDU leader Mohring to formal exploratory talks during the week of 4 November, though he later withdrew the invitation on 9 November claiming Mohring had violated discretion by publicly displaying text messages between them. At the same time, CDU state leader Raymond Walk reiterated his party's rejection of any partnership with the Left.
- Konstituierende Sitzung des 6. Landtags, auf thueringer-landtag.de
- Wahltermine in Thüringen, auf wahlen.thueringen.de
- Landtagswahl in Thüringen soll am 27. Oktober 2019 stattfinden, auf thueringer-allgemeine.de, abgerufen am 28. August 2018.
- "Could Merkel's Christian Democrats really work with the far-right AfD?". www.thelocal.de. 5 November 2019.
- "Kein Treffen von CDU-Chef mit Ramelow". Süddeutsche.de (in German). DPA. 9 November 2019.