2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election

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2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election

← 2014 21 July 2019 2024 →

424 seats to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
213 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  First party Second party Third party
  Official portrait of Petro Poroshenko.jpg Арсеній Петрович Яценюк (cropped).jpg Борис Колесніков.jpg
Leader Petro Poroshenko Arseniy Yatsenyuk Borys Kolesnikov
Party Petro Poroshenko Bloc People's Front Opposition Bloc — Party of Peace and Development
Leader since 28 August 2015 31 March 2014 20 November 2018
Last election 132 seats, 21.82% 82 seats, 22.12% 29 seats, 9.43%
Seats before 138 81 38

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  AndriiSadovyi.JPG Maidan Kiev 2014.04.13 12-09.JPG Yulia Tymoshenko 2018 Vadim Chuprina (cropped).jpg
Leader Andriy Sadovyi Oleh Lyashko Yulia Tymoshenko
Party Self Reliance Radical Party Fatherland
Leader since 2013 August 8, 2011 9 February 2001
Last election 33 seats, 10.97% 22 seats, 7.44% 19 seats, 5.68%
Seats before 26 20 20

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Oleh Tyahnybok September 2014.jpg
Vadim Rabinovich2.jpeg
Leader Oleh Tyahnybok TBA Vadim Rabinovich
Party Svoboda Servant of the People Opposition Platform — For Life
Leader since 14 February 2004 2019 2014
Last election 6 seats, 4.71% New New (former members of Opposition Bloc)
Seats before 7 N/A 27 (current members of the Opposition Bloc faction and independent MPs)

Prime Minister before election

Volodymyr Groysman
Petro Poroshenko Bloc

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

Snap elections to the Ukrainian parliament will be held on 21 July 2019.[1] Due to the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia and the occupation of parts of Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast by separatists (since April 2014), only 424 seats in Verkhovna Rada can currently be elected under current laws and roughly 12 percent of voting-age citizens cannot participate in the elections.[2][nb 1] Under current election laws 225 members of the Verkhovna Rada are elected by nationwide closed party-list proportional representation with 5% electoral election threshold and the other 225 seats elected in constituencies with a first-past-the-post electoral system in one round (candidate with the highest vote total wins).[3][4][5][6] Originally scheduled to be held at the end of October, these elections were brought forward after newly inaugurated President Volodymyr Zelenskiy dissolved parliament early.

Background[edit]

Following the 2014 parliamentary elections, the Petro Poroshenko Bloc (PPB) party became the largest party, after securing 132 seats. On 21 November 2014, the Petro Poroshenko Bloc, People's Front, Self Reliance, Fatherland and the Radical Party all signed a coalition agreement.[7] Arseniy Yatsenyuk became Prime Minister on 2 December 2014.

The Radical Party left the coalition on 1 September 2015 in protest over a vote in parliament involving a change to the Ukrainian Constitution that would lead to decentralization and greater powers for areas held by separatists.[8] February 2016 saw the start of the fall of the Yatsenyuk cabinet after the economy minister Aivaras Abromavičius announced his resignation claiming the government did not have real commitment to fight corruption.[9] On 17 and 18 February 2016, the Fatherland and Self Reliance parties left the coalition; meaning that the coalition became 5 deputies short of the 226 needed.[10] On 14 April 2016, Volodymyr Groysman became the new Prime Minister and the Groysman government began with a new cabinet of ministers.[11]

Electoral system[edit]

The Verkhovna Rada has 450 members, under current election laws they are elected to a five-year term in parallel voting, with 225 members elected in single-member constituencies using FPTP system and 225 members elected by proportional representation (closed list) in a single nationwide constituency using the largest remainder method with 5% threshold.[12] In the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election voting was organized only in 198 single-member constituencies. Voters living in constituencies in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol (which were annexed by Russia in 2014) or in separatist controlled areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts (regions) are unlikely able to take part in the election.[2] This means roughly 12 percent of Ukrainian voters cannot participate in the elections.[2]

Since 2014, various politicians have proposed to reform the electoral system to 100% Party-list proportional representation with open lists.[3] President Zelensky is the main proponent.[13] The proposal is opposed by Yulia Tymoshenko.[14] A vote on the proposal (authored by the president) was supposed to take place on 22 May 2019, but members of parliament voted against including it in the agenda.[15][16]

Opinion polls[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This 12 percent of eligible voters are probably not able to take part in the election because they live in a constituency in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol (which were annexed by Russia in 2014) or in separatist controlled areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts (regions).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №303/2019". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in ua). Retrieved 21 May 2019.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  2. ^ a b c d Gerrymandering Ukraine? Electoral Consequences of Occupation by Paul D'Anieri, Sage Journals (9 August 2016)
  3. ^ a b Electoral dead-end for Rada, UNIAN (29 September 2016)
  4. ^ "Parliament passes law on parliamentary elections". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Ukraine: The Law on Election of the People's Deputies (Unofficial translation by IFES), 2011" (PDF). 17 November 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  6. ^ The Distorted Will of the People, The Ukrainian Week (5 November 2012)
  7. ^ Five political forces sign coalition agreement, Interfax-Ukraine (21 November 2014)
    Ukraine's parliamentary parties initial coalition agreement, Interfax-Ukraine (21 November 2014)
  8. ^ Ukraine Radical Party Quits Ruling Coalition After Deadly Clash, Bloomberg News (1 September 2015)
  9. ^ Ukraine Economy Minister decides to resign, UNIAN (3 February 2016)
  10. ^ Samopomich pulls out from ruling coalition in parliamen, Interfax-Ukraine (18 February 2016)
    (in Ukrainian) "Self" comes from the coalition, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 February 2016)
    Batkivschyna faction pulls out of coalition, UNIAN (17 February 2016)
    Batkivshchyna faction leaves ruling coalition, Kyiv Post (17 February 2016)
  11. ^ "Ukraine MPs approve Volodymyr Groysman as new PM". BBC News. 14 April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  12. ^ IFES
  13. ^ https://web.archive.org/save/https://hromadske.ua/ru/posts/zelenskij-ekstrenno-sobiraet-radu-22-maya
  14. ^ "Тимошенко выступила против выборов с открытыми списками". ФОКУС. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Зеленский экстренно собирает Раду 22 мая | Громадское телевидение". web.archive.org. 22 May 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  16. ^ "Ukraine's Rada fails to vote for election law amendments". www.unian.info. Retrieved 22 May 2019.

External links[edit]