2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election
424 seats to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
213 seats needed for a majority
Snap elections to the Ukrainian parliament will be held on 21 July 2019. Due to the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia and the occupation of parts of Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast by separatists (since April 2014), only 424 seats in Verkhovna Rada can currently be elected under current laws and roughly 12 percent of voting-age citizens cannot participate in the elections.[nb 1] Under current election laws 225 members of the Verkhovna Rada are elected by nationwide closed party-list proportional representation with 5% electoral election threshold and the other 225 seats elected in constituencies with a first-past-the-post electoral system in one round (candidate with the highest vote total wins). Originally scheduled to be held at the end of October, these elections were brought forward after newly inaugurated President Volodymyr Zelenskiy dissolved parliament early.
Following the 2014 parliamentary elections, the Petro Poroshenko Bloc (PPB) party became the largest party, after securing 132 seats. On 21 November 2014, the Petro Poroshenko Bloc, People's Front, Self Reliance, Fatherland and the Radical Party all signed a coalition agreement. Arseniy Yatsenyuk became Prime Minister on 2 December 2014.
The Radical Party left the coalition on 1 September 2015 in protest over a vote in parliament involving a change to the Ukrainian Constitution that would lead to decentralization and greater powers for areas held by separatists. February 2016 saw the start of the fall of the Yatsenyuk cabinet after the economy minister Aivaras Abromavičius announced his resignation claiming the government did not have real commitment to fight corruption. On 17 and 18 February 2016, the Fatherland and Self Reliance parties left the coalition; meaning that the coalition became 5 deputies short of the 226 needed. On 14 April 2016, Volodymyr Groysman became the new Prime Minister and the Groysman government began with a new cabinet of ministers.
The Verkhovna Rada has 450 members, under current election laws they are elected to a five-year term in parallel voting, with 225 members elected in single-member constituencies using FPTP system and 225 members elected by proportional representation (closed list) in a single nationwide constituency using the largest remainder method with 5% threshold. In the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election voting was organized only in 198 single-member constituencies. Voters living in constituencies in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol (which were annexed by Russia in 2014) or in separatist controlled areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts (regions) are unlikely able to take part in the election. This means roughly 12 percent of Ukrainian voters cannot participate in the elections.
Since 2014, various politicians have proposed to reform the electoral system to 100% Party-list proportional representation with open lists. President Zelensky is the main proponent. The proposal is opposed by Yulia Tymoshenko. A vote on the proposal (authored by the president) was supposed to take place on 22 May 2019, but members of parliament voted against including it in the agenda.
- "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №303/2019". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in ua). Retrieved 21 May 2019.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
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Ukraine's parliamentary parties initial coalition agreement, Interfax-Ukraine (21 November 2014)
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- Ukraine Economy Minister decides to resign, UNIAN (3 February 2016)
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(in Ukrainian) "Self" comes from the coalition, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 February 2016)
Batkivschyna faction pulls out of coalition, UNIAN (17 February 2016)
Batkivshchyna faction leaves ruling coalition, Kyiv Post (17 February 2016)
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- "Тимошенко выступила против выборов с открытыми списками". ФОКУС. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
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