2019 in politics and government

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Events pertaining to world affairs, national politics, public policy, government, world economics, and international business, that took place in various nations, regions, organizations, around the world in 2019.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

  • 2 June – Walter Lübcke, a politician from the Christian Democratic Union of Germany, is found dead at his home, shot in the head.[28]
  • 20 June — In Tbilisi, Georgia, hundreds of people are injured as police fire rubber bullets and tear gas at protesters. The protesters were attempting to storm the parliament building, in response to the action of Sergei Gavrilov, a visiting Russian politician, who gave a speech in Russian from the speaker's chair during an international Orthodox assembly.[29]

July[edit]

August[edit]

  • 1 August
  • 2 August
  • 5 August
  • 7 August
    • The Singapore Convention on Mediation, also known as the UN Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, comes into effect with 46 countries ratifying it. States that have ratified the treaty will have to ensure that international commercial settlement agreements are enforced by their courts.[43]
  • 9 August
  • 10 August
  • 11 August
    • NYSE drops more than 1%, due to concerns about possible trade war.[50]
    • Argentina’s President Mauricio Macri loses a primary vote by a landslide, suggesting possible defeat in October’s presidential election. Widespread public discontent is attributed to the country’s economic situation, i.e. recession, austerity and inflation at more than 50%.[51]
  • 12 August
    • Trump Administration announces it will delay its proposal for 10 percent tariffs slated to take effect Sept. 1 on certain consumer goods from China while exempting other products — less than two weeks after Trump announced the new proposed tariffs.[52]
    • 2019 Japan–South Korea trade dispute: South Korea announces the removal of Japan from its list of most trusted trading partners, effective on 18 September.[53][54][55]
  • 14 August
    • Main yield curve for US Treasury bonds inverts, as the yield rate for 2-year bonds rises higher than the yield rate for 10-year bonds.[56]
    • Dow Jones plunges more than 500 points, due to concerns over the yield curve inversion.[57][58][59]
    • Germany's economy is announced to have contracted in 2nd quarter, April to June 2019.[60]
  • 15 August
    • European Central Bank shuts down PNB Banka after ruling it had become insolvent; this bank was previously called Norvik Banka and was Latvia’s sixth-largest lender, and was a critic of the Baltic country’s financial authorities.[61]
  • August 21
  • 22 August– US manufacturer growth slows, according to US manufacturing purchasing managers’ index.[64]
  • 24 August –
    • The 45th G7 summit was held on 24–26 August 2019, in Biarritz, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.[65][66] In March 2014, the G7 declared that a meaningful discussion was currently not possible with Russia in the context of the G8. Since then, meetings have continued within the G7 process. However, according to a senior administration official, Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron had agreed that Russia should be invited to the next G7 Summit to be held in 2020.[67] Five points were agreed at the issue of the summit, about:[68]
      • the World Trade Organization, "with regard to intellectual property protection, to settle disputes more swiftly and to eliminate unfair trade practices"[69]
      • the "G7 commits to reaching an agreement in 2020 to simplify regulatory barriers and modernize international taxation within the framework of the OECD"[69]
      • the G7 shares objectives on Iran: "to ensure that Iran never acquires nuclear weapons and to foster peace and stability in the region."[69]
      • on Libya: "We support a truce in Libya that will lead to a long-term ceasefire. We believe that only a political solution can ensure Libya’s stability. We call for a well-prepared international conference to bring together all the stakeholders and regional actors relevant to this conflict. We support in this regard the work of the United Nations and the African Union to set up an inter-Libyan conference."[70]
      • in an opaque reference to the Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present), "France and Germany will organize a Normandy format summit in the coming weeks to achieve tangible results."[69]
      • in light of the 2019 Hong Kong anti-extradition bill protests, "The G7 reaffirms the existence and the importance of the 1984 Sino-British agreement on Hong Kong and calls for avoiding violence."[71]

September[edit]

  • 2 September – In a speech outside 10 Downing Street, Boris Johnson states his opposition to calling a general election, and urges MPs not to vote for "another pointless delay" to Brexit.[72]
  • 3 September
    • Pound sterling falls below $1.20, its lowest level since October 2016, before recovering the day's losses.[73]
    • The Conservative Party government of the UK loses its majority in the House of Commons after Conservative MP Phillip Lee crosses the floor to join the Liberal Democrats.[74]
    • Boris Johnson loses a key Brexit vote, as MPs opposed to no deal take control of House of Commons business, by a majority of 328 to 301. Johnson responds by telling MPs he will now push for an October general election.[75]
  • 4 September
    • Italy's incoming Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte to present a new government of the anti-establishment Five Star Movement and former centre-left foes after nearly a month of crisis.[76]
    • A bill intended to block the possibility of the UK leaving the EU without a deal passes its first Commons vote by 329 to 300.[77]
    • UK MPs reject Boris Johnson's motion to call a snap general election for October, failing to achieve the two-thirds Commons majority needed under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act, in a vote of 298 to 56. Labour MPs abstain from the vote.[78]
  • 6 September
    • The bill designed to prevent a no deal Brexit is passed by the UK House of Lords.[79]
    • Opposition parties in the UK agree not to back any further government calls for a general election in mid-October.[79]
    • The UK High Court rejects a case brought by anti-Brexit campaigner Gina Miller over the suspension of parliament, ruling that it is lawful.[80]
  • 9 September
  • 10 September – The UK Parliament is suspended amid unprecedented protests from opposition MPs, who hold up signs in the House of Commons and refuse to back the suspension.[83]
  • 16 Sept
    • Top Democrats says they are waiting for President Trump to state what gun-control legislation he might be willing to approve. [84]
  • September 17
  • 20 September
  • 24 September
  • 25 September
    • Speaker John Bercow of UK House of Commons opens the first sitting of Parliament with a statement from the chair: he welcomed MPs back to work and informed the House that consequent to the Supreme Court ruling, the Hansard record of the prorogation ceremony would be expunged and corrected to reflect the House as adjourned instead, and that the Royal Assent that had been signified to the Parliamentary Buildings (Restoration and Renewal Act) during the ceremony would be re-signified.[95] UK Attorney-General Cox defended the advice he gave to Johnson as being "in good faith", and distanced himself from comments from Conservative MPs which attacked the independence of the judiciary; specifically, Rees-Mogg's description of the ruling as a "constitutional coup".[96]
  • 28 September

October[edit]

Predicted and scheduled[edit]

See also[edit]

WikiProject WikiProject—Wikiproject Politics

Overviews[edit]

Countries[edit]

Specific events and situations[edit]

References[edit]

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