2019 in spaceflight

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2019 in spaceflight
(486958) 2014 MU69 in near-true colour
A Crew Dragon capsule approaches the International Space Station
LightSail 2 in flight above Earth
A boilerplate Orion spacecraft launching from Spaceport Florida LC-46
Highlights from spaceflight in 2019[a]
Orbital launches
First10 January
Last12 September
Total65
Successes59
Failures5 (+1 ground test)
Catalogued59
National firsts
Satellite
   Nepal

 Sri Lanka

Rockets
Maiden flights
Retirements
Crewed flights
Orbital2
Suborbital1 (private)
Total travellers9
EVAs5

This article documents notable spaceflight events during the year 2019.

Overview[edit]

Lunar exploration[edit]

The Chinese probe Chang'e 4 made the first soft landing on the far side of the Moon on 3 January. China also intends to launch Chang'e 5 in December, the first sample-return mission to the Moon since Luna 24 in 1976. Chang'e 5 will use the recently developed Long March 5 heavy-lift rocket. India has launched the delayed Chandrayaan-2 lunar orbiter/lander/rover in July.[1] Some of the participants in the expired Google Lunar X Prize[2] plan to launch their private missions to the Moon in 2019. The Beresheet lander from Israel's SpaceIL made the first attempt, but crashed onto the Moon in April.[3]

Exploration of the Solar System[edit]

The probe New Horizons encountered the Kuiper belt object (486958) 2014 MU69 (nicknamed Ultima Thule) on 1 January. This is the farthest object from the Sun ever to have a close encounter with a spacecraft.[4] Japanese asteroid exploration mission Hayabusa-2 made second touchdown with 162173 Ryugu to collect samples.[5]

Human spaceflight[edit]

The United States is expected to regain crewed orbital launch capabilities lost after the Space Shuttle retirement in 2011. Crew capsules Dragon 2 by SpaceX and CST-100 Starliner by Boeing are scheduled to fly their demonstration missions to the International Space Station as part of NASA's Commercial Crew Development program.[6] Dragon 2 successfully flew to the ISS on 3 March 2019 without a crew.

Blue Origin planned to send its own employees on board of New Shepard for the first crewed sub-orbital spaceflight in the first half of 2019.[7] Virgin Galactic planned to perform the first commercial sub-orbital flight in the middle of the year with the founder Richard Branson on board.[8] Both activities have not occurred as of August 2019.

Rocket innovation[edit]

As of the beginning of the year, around 100 small satellite launchers were in active use, in development, or were recently cancelled or stalled.[9] Several manufacturers have announced the first orbital launches of new rockets for 2019: Astra, LauncherOne, and Vector-R in the US; Smart Dragon-1, Hyperbola-1, Kuaizhou-11, and OneSpace OS-M1 in China; Bloostar in Spain; and SSLV in India. The maiden flight of OS-M1 in March failed to reach orbit.[10] The maiden flights of Hyperbola-1 in July[11] and of Jielong 1 in August[12] were successful.

The "single stick" Delta IV was retired in August,[13] the analog-controlled Soyuz-FG is expected to be retired in September.[14]

Orbital launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

10 January
17:05[15]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y56[16] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China Chinasat 2D CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
11 January
15:31[17]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-067 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Iridium NEXT 66-75 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
15 January[18][19] Iran Simorgh Iran Semnan LP-2 Iran ISA
Iran Payam-e Amirkabir / AUTSAT 1[20] Amirkabir University of Technology Low Earth Earth observation 15 January Launch failure
Third stage malfunctioned, satellite failed to reach orbit.[18]
18 January
00:50:20[21]
Japan Epsilon Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan RAPIS-1 JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Japan ALE-1 Astro Live Experiences Low Earth (SSO) Artificial meteor shower In orbit Operational
Japan Hodoyoshi-2 (RISESAT) Tohoku University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Vietnam MicroDragon[22] VNSC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Singapore / Japan AOBA-VELOX 4 Nanyang Technological University, Kyutech Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Japan NEXUS Nihon University Low Earth (SSO) Amateur radio In orbit Operational
Japan OrigamiSat-1 Tokyo Institute of Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
19 January
19:05[23]
United States Delta IV Heavy D-382 United States Vandenberg SLC-6 United States ULA
United States NROL-71 / Kennen (USA-290) NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
21 January
05:42[24]
China Long March 11 Y6 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China Jilin-1 Hyperspectral-01 (Jilin Lincao 1)[25] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Jilin-1 Hyperspectral-02 (Wenchang Chaosun 1) Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Xiaoxiang 1-03[26] Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Lingque 1A[27] Beijing ZeroG Technology Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
24 January
18:07[28]
India PSLV-DL C44[29] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India Microsat-R DRDO Low Earth Earth observation
ASAT target
27 March Destroyed[30]
India Kalamsat[29] Space Kidz India[31] Low Earth HAM Radio[31] In orbit Operational
Microsat-R served as target for Indian ASAT experiment on March 27, 2019.

February[edit]

5 February[32][33] Iran Safir-1B[34] Iran Semnan LP-1 Iran ISA
Iran Dousti Sharif University of Technology Low Earth Communications, Remote sensing 5 February Launch failure[35][36]
5 February
21:01[37]
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA247 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Cyprus Hellas Sat 4 / Saudi Arabia SaudiGeoSat-1 Hellas-Sat / ArabSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
India GSAT-31[38] ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
21 February
16:47[39]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Egypt EgyptSat A NARSS Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
Third stage anomaly but achieved orbit in contingency mode
22 February
01:45[41]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-068 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Indonesia Nusantara Satu PSN Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Israel Beresheet[42][43] SpaceIL Moon transfer Lunar lander 11 April Landing failure
United States S5[44] AFRL Geosynchronous Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Beresheet raised its orbit towards the moon from a supersynchronous transfer orbit with 60,000 km apogee.[40]
27 February
21:37[45]
Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-M VS21 France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
United Kingdom OneWeb × 6 OneWeb Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational[46]
First flight for OneWeb satellite constellation.

March[edit]

2 March
07:49:03[47]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-069 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpX-DM1 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS logistics 8 March Successful
Crew Dragon Demo 1: Test of the Dragon 2 as part of Commercial Crew Development program.
9 March
17:28[48]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y54[16] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China Chinasat 6C (Zhongxing 6C)[49] China Satcom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
300th launch of the Long March rocket family.
14 March
19:14:09[50]
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-12 / 58S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 59/60 In orbit Operational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.
16 March
00:26[52]
United States Delta IV M+(5,4) D-383 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States ULA
United States WGS-10 (USA-291) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Last flight of Delta IV M+ (5,4) variant[51]
22 March
01:50:35[53]
Europe Vega VV14 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Italy PRISMA Italian Space Agency Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
600th satellite orbited by Arianespace[53]
27 March
10:39[54]
China OS-M1 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China OneSpace
China Lingque 1B Beijing ZeroG Technology Low Earth Earth observation 27 March Launch failure[54]
28 March
23:27[55]
United States Electron "Two Thumbs Up" New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States R3D2[56] DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
31 March
15:50[57]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Yxx[16] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China Tianlian 2-01 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications (tracking and relay) In orbit Operational

April[edit]

1 April
03:57[58]
India PSLV-QL C45[29] India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India EMISAT ISRO Low Earth ELINT[59] In orbit Operational
United States Lemur-2 × 4 Spire Global Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
Lithuania BlueWalker 1[60] AST and Science Low Earth Test flight In orbit Operational
Lithuania M6P SpaceWorks Orbital / Lacuna Space Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United States Flock-4a × 20[61] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
Spain Aistechsat-3 GomSpace Low Earth Communications, Traffic monitoring In orbit Operational
Switzerland Astrocast 0.2 Astrocast SA Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
4 April
11:01:35[62]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-11 / 72P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 29 July Successful
4 April
17:03[63]
Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS22 France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Luxembourg O3b × 4 (FM17–FM20) SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications In orbit Operational
11 April
22:35[64]
United States Falcon Heavy FH-002 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
Saudi Arabia Arabsat-6A[65] ArabSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
17 April
20:46[68]
United States Antares 230 United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-11 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
United States SASSI2 University of Illinois / Purdue University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States ThinSat × 60 Virginia Space Low Earth Technology demonstration / Educational  
France EntrySat ISAE-SUPAERO / ONERA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United Kingdom IOD-1 GEMS Orbital Micro Systems Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Poland KRAKsat [pl] AGH University of Science and Technology / Jagiellonian University Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Poland Swiatowid [pl] SatRevolution Low Earth Technology demonstration / Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States Virginia Cubesat Constellation × 3 Virginia Space Grant Consortium Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Japan Uguisu KyuTech Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Sri Lanka Raavana 1 ACCIMT Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Nepal NepaliSat-1 KyuTech / NAST Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Singapore SpooQy-1 NUS / SSTA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States AeroCube-10 × 2 Aerospace Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States Seeker NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
SASSI2 and ThinSats are the secondary payloads of Antares. EntrySat, IOD-1, KRAKsat, Swiatowid, Virginia Cubesat Constellation, Uguisu, Raavana 1, NepaliSat-1, SpooQy-1 were carried in the Cygnus NG-11 to be deployed from ISS. AeroCubes and Seeker are carried in the unpressurized compartment of Cygnus to be deployed from Cygnus after its departure from the ISS. Uguisu, Raavana 1, NepaliSat-1, and SpooQy-1 were deployed into orbit from the ISS on 17 June 2019. IOD-1 GEMS, KRAKsat, Swiatowid, EntrySat, and three Virginia Cubesat Constellation were deployed into orbit on 3 July 2019. NepaliSat-1 is the first Nepalese satellite and Raavana 1 is the first Sri Lankan satellite. On departure of Cygnus NG-11 from the ISS, SlingShot Deployer carrying Quantum Radar, NARSSCube-2, RFTSat, and ORCA, was placed on its hatch bulkhead.[66] Those CubeSats and also AeroCube-10 were deployed into orbit from Cygnus on 7 August 2019.[67]
20 April
14:41[69]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y59[16] China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China BeiDou-3 I1Q CNSA IGSO Navigation In orbit Operational
29 April
22:52[70]
China Long March 4B 4B-Yxx[71] China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Tianhui 2-01A CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Tianhui 2-01B CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational

May[edit]

4 May
06:48[73]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-070 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-17 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
United States Red-Eye DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Red-Eye was carried in CRS-17, and deployed into orbit from the ISS on 27 June 2019.[72]
5 May
06:00[74]
United States Electron "That's a Funny Looking Cactus" New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Harbinger U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States Falcon ODE U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States SPARC-1 U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
17 May
15:48[75]
China Long March 3C 3C-Y16[16] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China BeiDou-2 G8 CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
22 May
00:00[76]
India PSLV-CA C46[29] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-2B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar) In orbit Operational
22 May
22:49[77]
China Long March 4C 4C-Y23[71] China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Yaogan 33 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance 22 May Launch failure
24 May
02:30[78]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-071 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
First Starlink mission, launching 60 test satellites.
27 May
06:23[79]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-M 758 VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
30 May
17:42[80]
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Yamal-601 Gazprom Space Systems Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

June[edit]

5 June
04:06[81]
China Long March 11H China Ship in the Yellow Sea China CASC
China Bufeng-1A CAST Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Bufeng-1B CAST Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Jilin-1 [zh] High Resolution 03A Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Tianqi-3 Guodian Gaoke Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Tianxiang-1A CETC Low Earth Technology demonstration
Communications
In orbit Operational
China Tianxiang-1B CETC Low Earth Technology demonstration
Communications
In orbit Operational
China Xiaoxiang 1-04 Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China’s first sea launch in the Yellow Sea off Shandong.
12 June
14:17[82]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-072 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
Canada RADARSAT Constellation × 3[83][84] Canadian Space Agency Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
20 June
21:43[85]
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA248 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
France Eutelsat 7C[86] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
United States AT&T T-16 DirecTV Geosynchronous Satellite television In orbit Operational
24 June
18:09[87]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y60[16] China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China BeiDou-3 I2Q[88] CNSA IGSO Navigation In orbit Operational
25 June
06:30[89]
United States Falcon Heavy FH-003 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States STP-2 U.S. Air Force Low Earth, Medium Earth[90] Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States DSX AFRL Medium Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United StatesTaiwan COSMIC-2 × 6 NOAA / NSPO Low Earth Atmospheric In orbit Operational
United States GPIM NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States Oculus-ASR Michigan Technological University Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States OTB General Atomics Electromagnetic Systems Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States NPSAT1 NRL Low Earth Atmospheric In orbit Operational
United States Prox-1 Georgia Institute of Technology Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States E-TBEx × 2 NASA Low Earth Atmospheric In orbit Operational
United States LEO Cal Poly Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States StangSat Merritt Island High School Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States FalconSAT-7 United States Naval Academy Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States PSAT2 United States Naval Academy Low Earth Amateur radio In orbit Operational
United States BRICSat-2 United States Naval Academy Low Earth Technology demonstration / Amateur radio In orbit Operational
United States TEPCE × 2 NRL Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States LightSail 2 The Planetary Society Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States ARMADILLO UT Austin Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
STP-2 carries multiple cubesats and other small payloads for NASA, NOAA, The Planetary Society and others in addition to the primary mission which consists of multiple U.S. Air Force payloads.
29 June
04:30[91]
United States Electron "Make It Rain" New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States BlackSky Global 3[92] BlackSky Global Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States Prometheus × 2 USSOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Australia ACRUX-1 Melbourne Space Program Low Earth Education In orbit Operational
United States SpaceBEE 8 & 9 Swarm Technologies Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Mexico Painani 1[93] SEDENA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational

July[edit]

5 July
05:41[94]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Meteor-M 2-2 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology In orbit Operational[95]
Germany EXOCONNECT German Orbital Systems Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational[95]
United States El Camino Real[96] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational[95]
Germany MOVE-IIb[97] TUM Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational[95]
10 July
17:14[98]
Russia Soyuz-2-1v / Volga Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia 14F150 №2 / Nivelir-L[99] VKS Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Operational[100]
Launch of four classified military satellites, designated Kosmos 2535–2538, speculated to be part of the Nivelir series of Russian surveillance satellites.
11 July
01:53:03[101]
Europe Vega VV15 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
United Arab Emirates Falcon Eye 1 (fr)[103] UAE Armed Forces Low Earth IMINT (Reconnaissance) 11 July Launch failure
Possibly an ignition failure of the second stage.[101] Later investigation findings showed the failure mostly traced into a structural failure on the second stage's forward dome resulting from higher temperatures.[102]
13 July
12:30:57[104]
Russia Proton-M / DM-03 Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Germany Spektr-RG[105] IKI RAN
Max Planck Institute
Sun–Earth L2, halo orbit X-ray astronomy In orbit Enroute
20 July
16:28:20[107]
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-13 / 59S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 60/61 In orbit Operational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.[106]
22 July
09:13[109]
India GSLV Mk III M1 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Chandrayaan-2 / Vikram / Pragyan ISRO Selenocentric Lunar orbiter, lander and rover In orbit Operational
Loss of communication with the lander during powered descent. Orbiter remain operational.[108]
25 July
05:00[111]
China Hyperbola-1 China Jiuquan China i-Space
China CAS-7B[112] CAMSAT Low Earth Amateur radio 6 August[113] Successful
Maiden flight of Hyperbola-1.[11][110]
25 July
22:01:56[116]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-073 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-18 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
United States RFTSat Northwest Nazarene University Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Egypt NARSSCube-2 National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States ORCA DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
RFTSat, NARSSCube-2, and ORCA are carried in CRS-18 to ISS.[114][115] They were placed in SlingShot Deployer on Cygnus NG-11 hatch bulkhead.[66] They were deployed into orbit by SlingShot Deployer on 7 August 2019 after the departure of Cygnus NG-11 from the ISS.
26 July
03:57[119]
China Long March 2C 2C-Y37[120] China Xichang LC-3[120] China CASC
China Yaogan 30-05 01 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 30-05 02 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 30-05 03 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
Grid fins located on the interstage of the rocket are being used to test first stage landing zone control and recovery technologies.[117][118]
30 July
05:56[121]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Meridian 8 (18L) VKS Molniya Communications (military) In orbit Operational
31 July
12:10:46[122]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-12 / 73P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational

August[edit]

5 August
21:56[123]
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Blagovest-14L VKS Geosynchronous Communications (military) In orbit Operational
Fourth Blagovest satellite launch, completing the initial Blagovest satellite constellation.[123]
6 August
19:30[124]
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA249 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Europe EDRS-C[125] / United Kingdom HYLAS-3 ESA / Avanti Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
United States Intelsat 39 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
6 August
23:23[126]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-074 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Israel Amos 17[127][128] Spacecom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
The launch was free of charge for Spacecom as compensation for Amos-6's destruction on 1 September 2016. The booster, B1047, was expended.
8 August
10:13[129]
United States Atlas V 551 AV-084 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States AEHF-5[130] U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Communications (military) In orbit Operational
United States TDO[129] U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Space debris tracking In orbit Operational
17 August
04:11[12]
China Jielong 1 China Jiuquan LA-4 China CALT
China Tianqi-2[131] Guodian Gaoke Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Qian Sheng-1 01 (QS1-01)[131][132][133] Qian Sheng Exploration Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
China Xingshidai-5[134] ADASpace[135] Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of Jielong 1 (also known as Smart Dragon 1). First launch for the Qian Sheng satellite constellation.
19 August
12:03[138]
China Long March 3B/E China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China Chinasat 18[139] China Satcom Intended: Geosynchronous
Actual: GTO
Communications In orbit Spacecraft failure
Spacecraft apparently failed to deploy solar panels after stage separation. It remains inoperable in geostationary transfer orbit (GTO).[136][137]
19 August
12:12[140]
United States Electron "Look Ma, No Hands"[141] New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States BlackSky Global 4 BlackSky Global Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
France BRO 1[142] UnseenLabs Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
United States Pearl White × 2[143] Air Force Space Command Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
22 August
03:38:31[147]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-14 / 60S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Test flight / ISS logistics 6 September
21:32[148]
Successful
Uncrewed flight to certify Soyuz-2.1a for crew transport missions[144][145][146] with FEDOR (Skybot F-850) robot on board. First docking attempt on 24 August was aborted due to an issue on ISS, second attempt on 27 August was successful. Delivered Mini-EUSO telescope to ISS.
22 August
13:06[149]
United States Delta IV M+ (4,2)U D-384 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States ULA
United States GPS IIIA-02 U.S. Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
Last flight of the Delta IV "single stick" M+ series. Only Delta IV Heavy will keep flying.
29 August[152] Iran Safir-1B[153] Iran Semnan LP-1 Iran ISA
Iran Nahid 1[154] Iranian Space Research Center Low Earth Communications N/A Rocket destroyed prior to launch[151]
Rocket apparently exploded on the launch pad.[150] According to the Iranian Ministry of ICT, the Nahid 1 satellite had yet to be delivered to the launch site.[151]
30 August
14:00[155]
Russia Rokot / Briz-KM Russia Plesetsk Site 133/3 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Geo-IK-2 No.3 (Musson-2) VKS Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Operational
30 August
23:41[156]
China Kuaizhou 1A Y10[157] China Jiuquan SLS-1 China ExPace
China KX-09[49] CAS Low Earth (SSO) Microgravity science In orbit Operational
China Xiaoxiang 1-07[156] Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational

September[edit]

12 September
03:26[158]
China Long March 4B 4B-Y39[71] China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Ziyuan I-02D PLA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Ice Pathfinder (BNU-1)[159] Beijing Normal University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Taurus 1 (Jinniuzuo-1) Shanghai Aerospace Science and Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Upcoming launches
September (TBD)[34] Japan H-IIB Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan HTV-8 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
Egypt NARSSCube-1 National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Japan AQT-D University of Tokyo Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Rwanda RWASAT-1 Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority Low Earth Technology demonstration  
NARSSCube-1, AQT-D, RWASAT-1 are carried to ISS inside HTV-8 for later deployment into orbit from the ISS. The first launch attempt on 10 September, 21:33 UTC, was postponed due to a fire on the launch pad.
23 September[6] United States Astra United States Kodiak LP-3B United States Astra Space
United States NSLSAT 1[160] NearSpace Launch Low Earth (Polar) Ionospheric research  
Maiden launch of the Astra commercial smallsat launch vehicle.
24 September[49] China Long March 3B / YZ-1 3B-Yxx[16] China Xichang China CASC
China BeiDou-3 M19 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
China BeiDou-3 M20 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
25 September[161]
13:57
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-15 / 61S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 61/62  
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts. Last flight of Soyuz-FG and last launch from Baikonur Site 1 ("Gagarin's Start"); to be replaced by Soyuz-2.1a launching from Site 31 for crewed missions starting with Soyuz MS-16 in April 2020.
30 September
10:26[34]
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia United States ILS
France Eutelsat 5 West B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
United States MEV-1 Northrop Grumman Geosynchronous Satellite servicing  
MEV-1 will rendezvous with Intelsat 901 and extend its operational life by five years through in-space refueling.[162]
September (TBD)[163] India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GISAT 1[164] ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
September (TBD)[163] India GSLV Mk III D3 India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-20 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
September (TBD)[49] China Long March 11 China Ship in the Indian Ocean China CASC
China Zhuhai-1 OHS 2E–2H[165] Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
China Zhuhai-1 OVS 2B[166] Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
September (TBD)[161] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M[167] Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Neitron №1 VKS ? ?  
Q3 (TBD)[163] India GSLV ? India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-7C ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[163] India GSLV ? India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-25 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[6] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Guam Airport[168] United States Virgin Orbit
United States Ignis[168] Astro Digital Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Maiden flight
Q3 (TBD)[169] Russia Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ekspress 80 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
Russia Ekspress 103 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[163] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Cartosat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States Landmapper-BC 7 Astro Digital Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[163] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India IRNSS Ext3 ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
Q3 (TBD)[163] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India ResourceSat 3S ISRO Low Earth (SSO ?) Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[163] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India SPADEX × 2 ISRO Low Earth Docking experiment[170]  
Q3 (TBD)[161] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K №15 (K1 №3) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  

October[edit]

10 October
01:30[171]
United States Pegasus-XL F44 United States Stargazer, CCAFS Skid Strip United States NG Innovation
United States ICON NASA Low Earth Ionospheric research  
17 October[172] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Second Starlink mission.
21 October[34]
18:39
United States Antares 230 United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-12 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
United States Argus[173] Saint Louis University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States AzTechSat-1 NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CAPSat University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CryoCube NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CySat-1 Iowa State University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States HARP[174] UM Low Earth Technology demonstration
Atmospheric research
 
United States NEUTRON-1 University of Hawaii Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States Phoenix Arizona State University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States RadSat-U Montana State University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States SOCRATES University of Minnesota Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States SORTIE Astra Space Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States SPOC University of Georgia Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States TJREVERB Thomas Jefferson High School Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States HuskySat University of Washington Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States SwampSatII University of Florida Low Earth Technology demonstration  
28 October[176] United States Atlas V N22[177] AV-080 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Starliner Boe-OFT Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS logistics  
Boeing Orbital Flight Test of CST-100 Starliner as part of Commercial Crew Development program.[175] 30-day robotic mission.
October (TBD)[178] United States Atlas V 551 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States STP-3 (STPSat-6)[179] USAF Advanced Systems and Development Directorate Geosynchronous Technology experiments  
October (TBD)[6] United States LauncherOne F1 United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States TBA Virgin Orbit TBA Flight test  
Maiden orbital flight.
October (TBD)[180] China Long March 3B/E 3B-Yxx[16] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China BeiDou-3 I3Q CNSA IGSO Navigation  
Late October (TBD)[163][181] India PSLV-CA C47[29] India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Cartosat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Canada India NEMO-AM University of Toronto / ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
October (TBD)[34] India PSLV-CA India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-2BR2[182] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Luxembourg KSM × 4[183] Kleos Space Low Earth (SSO) Navigation  

November[edit]

4 November[172] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Third Starlink mission.
11 November[34] United States Falcon 9 Block 5[184] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A United States SpaceX
Japan JCSat 18[185] /
Singapore Kacific 1
JSAT
Kacific
Geosynchronous Communications  
13 November[186] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Fourth Starlink mission.
20 November[161] Russia Proton-M / DM-03 Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Elektro-L №3 Roscosmos Geosynchronous Meteorology  
21 November[163] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
United Kingdom Lunar Pathfinder Goonhilly Earth Station
Surrey Satellite Technology
Selenocentric Satellite dispenser  
22 November[187][188] Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA250 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United Kingdom Inmarsat-5 F5[189][b] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
November (TBD)[163] India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GISAT 2[164] ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
November (TBD)[163] India PSLV-CA India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-2BR1[182] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
November (TBD)[163] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-1A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar)  
November (TBD)[161] Russia Rokot / Briz-KM Russia Plesetsk Site 133/3 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Gonets-M 14[190][191] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 15 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 16 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia BLITS-M Roscosmos Low Earth Laser ranging  
November (TBD)[161] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-M 759 VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
November (TBD) [192] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A United States SpaceX
South Korea ANASIS-II [193] Republic of Korea Army Low Earth Defense  

December[edit]

1 December[194] United States LauncherOne F2 United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States CACTUS-1 Capitol Technology University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CAPE-3 University of Louisiana Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States ExoCube-2 NASA Low Earth Atmospheric research  
United States IMPACT 2A, 2B NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States INCA NMSU Low Earth Ionospheric research  
United States MicroMAS-2b MIT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States MiTEE-1 University of Michigan Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States PICS 1, 2 Brigham Young University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States PolarCube Colorado Space Grant Consortium Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States Q-PACE (Cu-PACE) UCF Low Earth Microgravity research  
United States RadFxSat-2 (Fox-1E) AMSAT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States SHFT-2 NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States TechEdSat-7 (TES-7) SJSU, NASA, University of Idaho Low Earth Technology demonstration  
20th launch for NASA's Educational Launch of Nanosatellites (ELaNa) program. Second flight of LauncherOne.
4 December[6] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-19 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
United States NanoRacks Airlock Module NanoRacks Low Earth (ISS) ISS Assembly  
6 December[195] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-13 / 74P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
8 December[186] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Fifth Starlink mission.
17 December[197] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpX-DM2 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test  
Crew Dragon Demo 2: Crewed flight test of Dragon 2 as part of the Commercial Crew Development program.[196]
17 December[198][199] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS23 France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe CHEOPS ESA Low Earth (SSO) Space telescope
Exoplanetary science
 
Italy COSMO-SkyMed (CSG) 1 ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar)  
Europe OPS-SAT ESA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
30 December[176] United States Atlas V N22 AV-082 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Starliner Boe-CFT Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS crew transport  
Boeing Crewed Flight Test of CST-100 Starliner as part of Commercial Crew Development program (nominally 14 days).[196] May also become the first operational mission with a longer duration, as part of ISS Crew Transportation Services program.
December (TBD)[200] Russia Angara A5 / Persei Russia Plesetsk Site 35 Russia RVSN RF
Dummy satellite VKS Test flight  
Test of Blok DM-03 modification "Persei" for Angara.
December (TBD)[49] China Long March 3B / YZ-1 3B-Yxx[16] China Xichang China CASC
China BeiDou-3 M21 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
China BeiDou-3 M22 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
December (TBD)[49][201] China Long March 5 Y3[202] China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Shijian 20 (18-02) CAST Geosynchronous Communications  
December (TBD)[34][161] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34
(Baikonur flight 1)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
First launch of OneWeb satellites from Baikonur followed by 9 more from the same site every 20-25 days, then 6 from Vostochny.[203]
December (TBD)[163][204] India SSLV D1 India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
2 small defense satellites Indian MoD Low Earth (SSO) Military  
Maiden flight of India's Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV).
Q4 (TBD)[198] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
France Eutelsat-Konnect (African Broadband Satellite)[205][b] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[198] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Japan JCSAT-17[206][b] JSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[207] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States MX-1E F1 + Celestis Luna 02 Moon Express, Celestis LEO, then TLI[208] Lunar lander  
Q4 (TBD) [209] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Photon Rocket Lab TBA Satellite bus  
First launch of the Photon
Q4 (TBD)[6] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SXM 7 Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[49] China Jielong 1 China Jiuquan LA-4 China CALT
China TBA  
Second flight of Jielong 1 planned before the end of the year.[12]
Q4 (TBD)[49] China Long March 5 / YZ-2 TBA[202] China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Chang'e 5 CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
China's first lunar sample return mission.
Q4 (TBD)[49] China ? China ? China CASC
China TianQin × 3 Sun Yat-sen University Low Earth Gravitational wave detection  
Q4 (TBD)[178][210] United States Minotaur IV / Orion 38 United States MARS LP-0B United States Northrop Grumman
United States NROL-129 NRO ? Reconnaissance  
Q4 (TBD)[161] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Pion-NKS 901[211] VKS Low Earth (SSO) ELINT  
Part of the Russian Liana ELINT system.
Q4 (TBD)[6] United States Vector-R EFT-1 United States MARS LP-0B / Kodiak[212] United States Vector Space Systems
Netherlands Delfi-PQ TU Delft Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United Kingdom Unicorn-2a Alba Orbital[213] Low Earth Amateur radio  
First orbital flight of the Vector-R rocket.
Q4 (TBD)[214] Ukraine Zenit-3SL Russia Odyssey Russia S7 Sea Launch
dummy or real satellite[214]  

To be determined[edit]

2019 (TBD)[215] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Flock series Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[215] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Outernet 2 Outernet Low Earth Communications  
2019 (TBD)[215] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States SpaceBEE 5–8 Swarm Technologies Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
2019 (TBD)[207] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States MX-1E F2 Moon Express LEO, then TLI[208] Lunar lander  
2019 (TBD)[216] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Optical 7 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
H2, 2019 (TBD)[49] China Kuaizhou 1A China Jiuquan SLS-2 China ExPace
China Hainan-1 × 3 Sanya Institute of Remote Sensing Low Earth Earth observation  
Launch of the first three satellites of the Hainan Earth-Observation Satellite Constellation.[217]
2019 (TBD)[49] China Kuaizhou 11 China Jiuquan China ExPace
China Jilin-1 Optical-B[220] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
China Xiaoxiang 4 (Tianyi 4)[221] Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth (SSO) X-ray astronomy  
China Xiangrikui 1A[219] Beijing Future Navigation Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
China Xiangrikui 1B[219] Beijing Future Navigation Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Maiden flight of Kuaizhou 11.[218][219]
2019 (TBD)[6] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States SpaceBelt 1[222] Cloud Constellation Low Earth Communications  
2019 (TBD)[223] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
Denmark Starling 1–8[224] Aerial & Maritime / GomSpace Low Earth AIS ship tracking  
2019 (TBD)[225] United States LauncherOne F3 United States Cosmic Girl, Kennedy United States Virgin Orbit
United States STP-27VP U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration  
2019 (TBD)[201] China Long March 2C 2C-Yxx[120] China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China HaiYang 1D CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[201] China Long March 2D 2D-Yxx[120] China ? China CASC
China Gaofen 7 CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 3B / YZ-1 China Xichang China CASC
China BeiDou-3 M23 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
China BeiDou-3 M24 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 3B China Xichang or Wenchang China CAST
China Fengyun 4B CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 3B/E 3B-Yxx[16] China Xichang China CASC
Nicaragua NicaSat-1 (LSTSAT-1) Nicaraguan government Geosynchronous Communications  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 3B/E China Xichang China CASC
Nicaragua NicaSat-2 Nicaraguan government Geosynchronous Communications  
2019 (TBD)[201] China Long March 3B 3B-Yxx[16] China Xichang China CASC
Sri Lanka SupremeSat II SupremeSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China HaiYang 2C CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China HaiYang 2D CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China Ziyuan III-03 CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[49] China ? China China CAST
China HaiYang 3A CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 4C China ? China CAST
China TBA ? ? Test flight  
Test of grid fins towards development of reusable boosters for Long March 8
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 4C China ? China CAST
China Fengyun 3E CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 4C (?) China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China Fengyun 3RM-1 CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
H2, 2019 (TBD)[49] China Long March 4B 4B-Yxx[71] China Taiyuan LC-9[71] China CASC
China Brazil CBERS 4A / Ziyuan I-04A CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[49] China ? China ? China CASC
China Brazil CBERS 5 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[163][226] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
United States Capella 2 Capella Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar)  
2019 (TBD)[163] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India IRNSS-1J (Ext1) ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
2019 (TBD)[163] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India IRNSS Ext2 ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
2019 (TBD)[163] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India IRNSS-S1 ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
2019 (TBD)[161] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Bars-M 3L VKS Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2019 (TBD)[49] China Zhuque-1 China Mobile launch truck China LandSpace
Several nanosatellites GomSpace ?  

Suborbital flights[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
4 January
09:27
Canada Black Brant XIIA Norway Andøya United States NASA
United States CAPER-2 Dartmouth College Suborbital Auroral research 4 January Successful
Apogee: 774 kilometres (481 mi)
13 January
09:13
United States Terrier-Improved Malemute Norway Andøya United States NASA
United States G-CHASER University of Colorado Suborbital Student payloads 13 January Successful
Apogee: 174 kilometres (108 mi)
22 January Israel Silver Sparrow ? Israel F-15 Eagle, Israel Israel IAF
IAI/IDF Suborbital Missile test target 22 January Successful
Arrow III target, successfully intercepted
22 January Israel Arrow III Israel Negev Israel IAF
IAI/IDF Suborbital Flight test 22 January Successful
Successful intercept, Apogee: ~200 kilometres (120 mi)
23 January
15:05[228]
United States New Shepard NS-10 United States Corn Ranch United States Blue Origin
United States Crew Capsule 2.0 Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight 23 January Successful
Tenth test flight of the New Shepard development program, fourth one with the current vehicle.[227]
6 February
07:01
United States Minuteman-III United States Vandenberg Air Force Base United States US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 6 February Successful
6 February
08:31
Russia RS-24 Yars Russia Plesetsk Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 6 February Successful
22 February
16:54
United States SpaceShipTwo VF-01 United States White Knight Two, from Mojave Spaceport United Kingdom Virgin Galactic
United States VSS Unity Virgin Galactic Suborbital Test flight 22 February Successful
Second manned sub-orbital high altitude flight of SpaceShipTwo with three crew members on board, pilot David Mackay, co-pilot Mike Masucci and chief trainer Beth Moses, Apogee: 89.9 kilometres (55.9 mi)
2 March
17:45
United States SARGE United States Spaceport America, New Mexico United States Exos Aerospace
SARGE M1 Exos Aerospace Suborbital Microgravity Research 2 March Partial failure
Second launch of the SARGE suborbital launch vehicle, it carried several small research payloads and was intended to reach a peak altitude of 80 kilometers, but winds kept the rocket from achieving its planned altitude, it reached only an apogee of 20 kilometres (12 mi)[229]
25 March
17:20
United States ICBM-T2 United States Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site United States MDA
United States FTG-11 target MDA Suborbital ABM target 25 March Successful
Ballistic missile target for interception
25 March
17:30
United States GBI-OBV United States Vandenberg Air Force Base United States MDA
United States FTG-11 Interceptor MDA Suborbital ABM test 25 March Successful
Ballistic missile interceptor
25 March
17:31
United States GBI-OBV United States Vandenberg Air Force Base United States MDA
United States FTG-11 Interceptor MDA Suborbital ABM test 25 March Successful
Ballistic missile interceptor
27 March
05:40
India PDV-II India ITR IC-4 India DRDO
India ASAT DRDO Suborbital Satellite intercept 27 March Successful
Mission Shakhti (ASAT Test with Microsat-R as suspected target), Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi), satellite successfully destroyed
5 April
22:14
Canada Black Brant XIA Norway Andøya United States NASA
United States AZURE 1 Clemson Suborbital Auroral 5 April Successful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
5 April
22:16
Canada Black Brant XIA Norway Andøya United States NASA
United States AZURE 2 Clemson Suborbital Auroral 5 April Successful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
11 April
16:51
Canada Black Brant IX United States White Sands Missile Range United States NASA
United StatesJapanSpainNorwayFrance CLASP-2 NASA / NAOJ / JAXA / IAC / IAS [fr] Suborbital Solar astronomy 11 April Successful
Apogee: 274 kilometres (170 mi)
21 April United States Traveler IV United States Spaceport America, New Mexico United States USC Rocket Propulsion Lab
Flight test - Suborbital Flight test 21 April Successful
First suborbital flight by a student team.[230] Apogee: 104 kilometres (65 mi)
23 April United States Terrier Malemute United States Pacific Missile Range Facility United States NNSA
United States HOT SHOT 2 NNSA Suborbital Technology experiments 23 April Successful
Apogee: ~320 kilometres (200 mi)?
24 April United States Terrier Malemute United States Pacific Missile Range Facility United States NNSA
United States HOT SHOT 3 NNSA Suborbital Technology experiments 24 April Successful
Apogee: ~320 kilometres (200 mi)?
1 May
09:42
United States Minuteman-III United States Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-10 United States US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 1 May Successful
2 May[231]
13:35
United States New Shepard NS-11 United States Corn Ranch United States Blue Origin
United States Crew Capsule 2.0 Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight 2 May Successful
Took 38 research payloads into space
3 May
20:45
Japan Momo 3 Japan Taiki Aerospace Research Field Japan Interstellar Technologies
Japan Kochi University of Technology Suborbital Infrasound propagation measurement 3 May Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)[232]
9 May
07:40
United States Minuteman-III United States Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-09 United States US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 9 May Successful
9 May United States UGM-133 Trident II United States USS Rhode Island (SSBN-740), ETR United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 9 May Successful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation (DASO) 29
10 May United States SM-3-IB United States USS Roosevelt (DDG-80), Hebrides Range United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 10 May Successful
FS-19 E4, apogee: ~150 kilometres (93 mi)?
23 May Pakistan Shaheen-II Pakistan Sonmiani Pakistan ASFC
ASFC Suborbital Missile test 23 May Successful
13 June
02:21
Brazil VSB-30? Sweden Esrange GermanyDLR / SwedenSSC
Germany ATEK/MAPHEUS-8 DLR Suborbital Technology demonstration 13 June Successful
Apogee: 240 kilometres (150 mi)
19 June
11:28
Canada Black Brant IX Marshall Islands Kwajalein Atoll United States NASA
United States TooWINDY 1 NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 19 June Successful
Apogee: 373 kilometres (232 mi)[233]
19 June
11:33
Canada Black Brant IX Marshall Islands Kwajalein Atoll United States NASA
United States TooWINDY 2 NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 19 June Successful
Apogee: 412 kilometres (256 mi)
20 June
09:38
United States Terrier-Improved Orion United States Wallops Flight Facility United States NASA
United States RockOn University of Colorado Suborbital Student payloads 20 June Successful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)[234]
24 June
06:52
Brazil VSB-30 Sweden Esrange Europe EuroLaunch
Sweden MASER-14 SSC Suborbital Microgravity 24 June Successful
apogee: 260 kilometres (160 mi)
29 June
18:00
United States SARGE United States Spaceport America, New Mexico United States Exos Aerospace
SARGE M1 Exos Aerospace Suborbital Microgravity Research 29 June Launch failure
Third launch of the SARGE suborbital launch vehicle, it carried several small research payloads for nine clients. The flight failed seconds after launch. However, the rocket was recovered.[235]
2 July
11:00[47]
United States Orion Abort Test Booster United States Cape Canaveral SLC-46 United States Orbital ATK
United States Orion Ascent Abort-2 NASA Suborbital Test flight 2 July Successful
In-flight abort test under the highest aerodynamic loads. A specific booster repurposed from a LGM-118 Peacekeeper missile was used in this mission.[236][237]
24 July IranShahab-3 IranIran IranIRGC
IRGC Suborbital Missile test 24 July Successful
Apogee: ~150 kilometres (93 mi)
26 July Russia RS-12M Topol Russia Kapustin Yar Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 26 July Successful
26 July ? United States eMRBM ? United States C-17, Pacific Ocean ? United States MDA
United StatesIsrael FTA-01 MDA Suborbital Arrow III target 26 July ? Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), the FTA-01 exercise saw three US Missile Defense Agency medium range targets of undisclosed type launched from an undisclosed location on undisclosed dates in July, all intercepted by Israeli Arrow 3 interceptors launched from Kodiak, Alaska.[238]
26 July ? Israel Arrow III United States Kodiak Israel IAF / United States MDA
United StatesIsrael FTA-01 MDA/IDF Suborbital ABM test 26 July ? Successful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 July ? United States eMRBM ? United States C-17, Pacific Ocean ? United States MDA
United StatesIsrael FTA-01 MDA Suborbital Arrow III target 26 July ? Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), successful intercepted
26 July ? Israel Arrow III United States Kodiak Israel IAF / United States MDA
United StatesIsrael FTA-01 MDA/IDF Suborbital ABM test 26 July ? Successful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 July ? United States eMRBM ? United States C-17, Pacific Ocean ? United States MDA
United StatesIsrael FTA-01 MDA Suborbital Arrow III target 26 July ? Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), successful intercepted
26 July ? Israel Arrow III United States Kodiak Israel IAF / United States MDA
United StatesIsrael FTA-01 MDA/IDF Suborbital ABM test 26 July ? Successful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 July
07:20
Japan Momo 4 Japan Taiki Aerospace Research Field Japan Interstellar Technologies
Japan Kochi University of Technology Suborbital Infrasound propagation measurement 27 July Launch failure
The rocket suffered an early engine shutdown and only reached 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) altitude.
11 August
06:07
Canada Black Brant IX United States White Sands Missile Range United States NASA
United States SISTINE University of Colorado Suborbital UV Astronomy 11 August Successful
Apogee: 259 kilometres (161 mi)
12 August
09:44
United States Terrier-Improved Malemute United States Wallops Flight Facility United States NASA
United States RockSat-X NASA Suborbital Student experiments 12 August Successful
Apogee: 154 kilometres (96 mi)
24 August Russia R-29RMU Sineva Russia K-114 Tula, Barents Sea Russia VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 24 August Successful
24 August Russia RSM-56 Bulava Russia K-535 Yury Dolgorukiy, White Sea Russia VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 24 August Successful
30 August United States eMRBM ? United States C-17, Pacific Ocean United States MDA
United States FTT-23 MDA Suborbital ABM target 30 August Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), successfully intercepted
30 August United States THAAD United States Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site United States US Army
United States FTT-23 US Army/MDA Suborbital ABM test 30 August Successful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 September United States UGM-133 Trident II United States USS Nebraska (SSBN-739), Pacific Missile Range Facility United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 4 September Successful
Commander Evaluation Test (CET)
4 September United States UGM-133 Trident II United States USS Nebraska (SSBN-739), Pacific Missile Range Facility United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 4 September Successful
Commander Evaluation Test (CET)
6 September United States UGM-133 Trident II United States USS Nebraska (SSBN-739), Pacific Missile Range Facility United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 6 September Successful
Commander Evaluation Test (CET)
6 September United States UGM-133 Trident II United States USS Nebraska (SSBN-739), Pacific Missile Range Facility United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 6 September Successful
Commander Evaluation Test (CET)
Upcoming launches
October (TBD)[239] United States Starship Mk-1 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX Suborbital Test flight  
First suborbital test flight of SpaceX' Starship, planned apogee: 20 km
11 November[172] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Dragon 2 SpaceX Suborbital Test flight  
In-flight abort test at Max Q. It was planned that the capsule from the first demonstration mission SpX-DM1 would be used, but that capsule having been subsequently destroyed after the mission in a fire during a ground-test, a new capsule should be assigned for this mission.[240][241][242]
2019 (TBD) [7] United States New Shepard United States Corn Ranch United States Blue Origin
United States Crew Capsule 2.0 Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight  
First crewed flight
2019 (TBD) Russia RS-28 Sarmat Russia Plesetsk Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test  
2019 (TBD) United States Demonstrator-3 United States Spaceport America, New Mexico United States ARCA Space Corporation
United States ARCA Space Corporation Suborbital Test flight  
First test flight of a linear aerospike engine
2019 (TBD) United Kingdom Skyrora 1 United Kingdom United Kingdom Skyrora
United Kingdom To be announced Skyrora Scotland Suborbital Test flight  

Deep-space rendezvous[edit]

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
1 January New Horizons Flyby of Kuiper belt object (486958) 2014 MU69
3 January[243] Chang'e 4 Landing at Von Kármán crater First landing on the far side of the Moon
12 February Juno 18th perijove of Jupiter
21 February Hayabusa2 First sample collection from asteroid Ryugu[244]
4 April Parker Solar Probe Second perihelion
4 April Beresheet Lunar orbital insertion
5 April Hayabusa2 Release of Small Carry-On Impactor (SCI) on the surface of Ryugu SCI created a crater for further investigation. A dedicated DCAM-3 camera was deployed to observe the impact.
6 April Juno 19th perijove
11 April Beresheet Lunar landing Crashed due to gyroscope failure[245]
29 May Juno 20th perijove
11 July Hayabusa2 Second sample collection from Ryugu
21 July Juno 21st perijove
20 August Chandrayaan 2 Lunar orbital insertion
1 September Parker Solar Probe Third perihelion
6 September Chandrayaan-2 Lunar landing
12 September Juno 22nd perijove
3 November Juno 23rd perijove
26 December Parker Solar Probe Second gravity assist at Venus
26 December Juno 24th perijove
December Hayabusa2 Departure from asteroid Ryugu

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)[edit]

Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
214. Expedition 59
EVA 1
United States Anne McClain

United States Nick Hague

22 March 2019
13:01
22 March 2019
19:40
6 hours, 39 minutes
Space Station Maintenance
215. Expedition 59
EVA 2
United States Nick Hague

United States Christina Koch

29 March 2019

11:42

29 March 2019

18:27

6 hours 45 minutes
Space Station Maintenance
216. Expedition 59
EVA 3
United States Anne McClain

Canada David Saint-Jacques

8 April 2019

11:31

8 April 2019

18:00

6 hours 29 minutes
Space Station Maintenance
217. Expedition 59
EVA 4
Russia Oleg Kononenko

Russia Aleksey Ovchinin

29 May 2019

15:42

29 May 2019

21:43

6 hours 01 minutes
Space Station Maintenance
218. Expedition 60

EVA 1

United States Nick Hague

United States Drew Morgan

21 August 2019

12:27

21 August 2019

18:59

6 hours 32 minutes
Installation of IDA-3

Space debris events[edit]

Date/Time (UTC) Source object Event type Pieces tracked Remarks
27 March India Microsat-R (suspected) and kinetic kill vehicle Anti-satellite test 121[246] Indian Prime Minister Modi announced a successful test of an anti-satellite weapon. The test was believed to have destroyed the Microsat-R satellite launched in January.[247][248]

Orbital launch statistics[edit]

By country[edit]

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

China: 17Europe: 5India: 4Iran: 2Israel: 0Japan: 1North Korea: 0Russia: 16Ukraine: 0USA: 19Circle frame.svg
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China 17 15 2 0
 Europe 5 4 1 0
 India 4 4 0 0
 Iran 3 0 3 0 Including ground test failure prior to launch
 Japan 1 1 0 0
 Russia 16 16 0 0 Includes European Soyuz launches from French Guiana
 United States 19 19 0 0 Includes Electron launches from Mahia
Total 65 59 6 0

By rocket[edit]

By family[edit]

By type[edit]