2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election
All 243 seats in the Bihar Legislative Assembly
122 seats needed for a majority
Map of Bihar Legislative Assembly constituencies.
The Bihar Legislative Assembly election will be held to elect members to the Legislative Assembly of the Indian State of Bihar. The election will held in three phases for a total of 243 seats; the first for 71 seats on 28 October 2020, the second for 94 seats on 3 November 2020 and the third for the remaining 78 will be on 7 November 2020. The results will be announced on 10 November 2020.
Outlined in Article 168 of the Constitution of India, the Bihar Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of Bihar and not a permanent body and subject to dissolution. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people. The tenure of current Bihar Legislative Assembly is scheduled to end on 29 November 2020.
In the previous election, an alliance of three major parties consisting of Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal and Indian National Congress named as Mahagathbandhan won against its primary opposition, the Bharatiya Janata Party led National Democratic Alliance. However, in 2017, the Janata Dal (United) of Chief Minister Nitish Kumar left the Mahagathbandhan and joined the National Democratic Alliance. While Nitish Kumar remained the Chief Minister, Sushil Kumar Modi of the Bharatiya Janata Party replaced Tejashwi Yadav as the Deputy Chief Minister.
There is an ongoing huge anti-incumbency wave against the incumbent Chief Minister Nitish Kumar due to his 15 years long rule and supposedly poor handling of the COVID-19 induced lockdown and reverse migration of labourers from different parts of the country, like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Telangana, Punjab, Haryana.
The issues of this election revolve around giving employment to these Bihari migrant workers and improving the avenues towards industries and education. The next major party, being RJD, in Bihar is riding on this anti-incumbency wave and poor governance wave.
Issues such as the lack of employment, alleged politicisation of flood relief in the aftermath of the 2019 Bihar floods and alleged inability of the state government to handle the Covid-19 pandemic are expected to be made an election issue by the opposition parties. The limited digital connectivity in Bihar and the migrant crisis are among the issues which are also suggested to have an impact on campaigning and poll outcomes.
On 25 September, Election Commission of India announced the dates for Bihar Assembly elections.
|Map of constituencies and their phases|
|Date of Issue of Notification||1 October 2020||9 October 2020||13 October 2020|
|Last Date for filling nomination||8 October 2020||16 October 2020||20 October 2020|
|Scrutiny of nomination||9 October 2020||17 October 2020||21 October 2020|
|Last Date for Withdrawal of nomination||12 October 2020||19 October 2020||23 October 2020|
|Date of Poll||28 October 2020||3 November 2020||7 November 2020|
|Date of Counting of Votes||10 November 2020|
|Source: Election Commission of India|
Parties and Alliances
National Democratic Alliance
The National Democratic Alliance in Bihar is the ruling political group headed by the chief minister Nitish Kumar and comprising primarily the Janata Dal (United) and the Bharatiya Janata Party in the legislative assembly.
In the previous election, the alliance was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party alongside three smaller allies namely the Lok Janshakti Party, the Rashtriya Lok Samta Party and the Hindustani Awam Morcha, while the Janata Dal (United) had contested as part of the current opposition Mahagathbandan. In 2017, the Janata Dal (United) switched alliance which caused the Mahagathbandan government to fall and the National Democratic Alliance came to power. In 2018, two of the partners, the Rashtriya Lok Samata Party and the Hindustani Awam Morcha left the alliance.
During the campaigning phase in August 2020, the alliance was re-joined by the Hindustani Awam Morcha which held one seat in the legislature. Later, the alliance was also joined in by the Vikassheel Insaan Party in October 2020. The campaign however faced problems with persistent attacks on the Janata Dal (United) by the Lok Janshakti Party. Chirag Paswan, the leader of the party in the state was called to Delhi to negotiate with the national leadership of the Bharatiya Janata Party, in the end the Lok Janshakti Party quit the alliance stating that they would contest all seats against the Janata Dal (United) but not against the Bharatiya Janata Party. Following the development, several notable leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party including the state vice president and 2 sitting legislators joined the Lok Janshakti Party to contest against Janata Dal (United) candidates. Later during the campaigning period in October 2020, the Bharatiya Janata Party officially cut ties with the Lok Janshakti Party stating that the National Democratic Alliances in Bihar consisted of the four parties.
According to political analysts the Lok Janshakti Party was unlikely to make any electoral gains but would act as spoilers for the Janata Dal (United) candidates, the development was suggested to have been orchestrated by the Bharatiya Janata Party to gain leverage over the Janata Dal (United) by reducing its final tally. The Bharatiya Janata Party at the time re-asserted that Nitish Kumar would remain the chief ministerial face of the alliance. Both the Lok Janshakti Party and the Janata Dal (United) are expected to hold sway among certain sections of Scheduled caste voters while the Bharatiya Janta Party are expected to draws its support base from Forward caste voters.
|1.||Janata Dal (United)||Nitish Kumar||115|
|2.||Bharatiya Janata Party||Sanjay Jaiswal||110|
|3.||Vikassheel Insaan Party||Mukesh Sahani||11|
|4.||Hindustani Awam Morcha||Jitan Ram Manjhi||7|
|Parties part of the National Democratic alliance at the center but not in state|
|5.||Lok Janshakti Party||Chirag Paswan||135|
The Mahagathbandan (Grand Alliance) of Bihar is the main opposition political coalition comprising primarily the United Progressive Alliance members Rashtriya Janata Dal and Indian National Congress along with left–wing parties.
In the previous election, the Mahagathbandan was formed and initially comprised the Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Janata Dal (United) and the Indian National Congress. It was able to form government following the election but the government fell when the Janata Dal (United) switched sides and joined the National Democratic Alliance. In the opposition, the alliance was joined in by smaller parties like the Rashtriya Lok Samta Party, the Hindustan Awami Morcha and the Vikassheel Insaan Party. The three parties however opted out of the alliance between August–October 2020. In September 2020, the Samajwadi Party which had contested in previous elections in Bihar without success, declared that they would not contest this time and instead support the Rashtriya Janata Dal.
In the meantime, the alliance after negotiations were joined in by the left–wing parties in Bihar; namely the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation, the Communist Party of India and the Communist Party of India (Marxist). The new arrangement was described as an experiment beyond the caste based politics in Bihar with a caste plus class strategy. The communist parties in Bihar had historically held a large presence in the state that was reduced following the Mandal Commission, the Liberation group had retained some of its former base and had emerged as the largest non alliance party in the previous election.
The seat sharing agreement was finalised on 3 October 2020 with the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha included in the alliance. On 7 October, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha opted out of the alliance in Bihar over disagreements on seat sharing while maintaining that they will continue to uphold their alliance in the state of Jharkhand.
|1.||Rashtriya Janata Dal||Tejashwi Yadav||144|
|2.||Indian National Congress||Madan Mohan Jha||70|
|3.||Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)||Dipankar Bhattacharya||19|
|4.||Communist Party of India||Ram Naresh Pandey||6|
|5.||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||Awadhesh Kumar||4|
There are a number of other smaller parties and coalitions contesting the election, the prospects and impact of these formations have been noted to be marginal. As of January 2020, there were 120 unrecognised registered parties in Bihar.
On 2 October 2020, there were reportedly four other noteworthy alliances that had emerged; United Democratic Secular Alliance (UDSA), Progressive Democratic Alliance (PDA), United Democratic Alliance (UDA), and an alliance consisting of the Rashtriya Lok Samta Party, Bahujan Samaj Party and Janvadi Party (Socialist). The UDSA consisted of the Janata Dal (Democratic) led by the veteran socialist Devendra Prasad Yadav and the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen. The PDA consisted of the Jan Adhikar Party led by Pappu Yadav alongside the Azad Samaj Party led by Chandrashekhar Azad, who were further supported by the Social Democratic Party of India and the Bahujan Mukti Party. The UDA consisted of a front of 20 parties collectively led by the former Bharatiya Janata Party cabinet minister Yashwant Sinha and other transiently popular mass leaders.
On 8 October 2020, the UDSA and the three party front including the Bahujan Samaj Party were merged into a single coalition called the Grand Democratic Secular Front (GDSF), the alliance additionally included the Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party. Among the constituent parties, only the All India Majlis-e-Iteehadul Muslimeen had representation in the assembly through a single legislator. In the meantime, the UDA which was the front led by Yashwant Sinha had reportedly fallen apart as various members of the constituent parties had defected to join the mainstream regional and national parties. Other notable parties that are contesting independent of an alliance, are the Lok Janshakti Party on 135 seats, the Loktantrik Janata Dal on 51 seats, the Shiv Sena on 30–40 seats and the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha on 7 seats.
|Paschim Champaran District|
|1||Valmiki Nagar||JD(U)||Dhirendra Pratap Singh||INC||Rajesh Singh||LJP||Mahendra Kumar Bharti|
|2||Ramnagar||BJP||Bhagirathi Devi||INC||Rajesh Ram|
|3||Narkatiaganj||BJP||Rashmi Verma||INC||Vinay Verma||LJP||Naushad Alam|
|4||Bagaha||BJP||Ram Singh||INC||Jayesh Mangal Singh|
|5||Lauriya||BJP||Vinay Bihari||RJD||Shambhu Tiwari|
|6||Nautan||BJP||Narayan Prasad||INC||Sheikh Kamran|
|7||Chanpatia||BJP||Umakant Singh||INC||Abhishek Ranjan|
|8||Bettiah||BJP||Renu Devi||INC||Madan Mohan Tiwari|
|9||Sikta||JD(U)||Khurshid (Feroz Ahmad)||CPI(ML)L||Birendra Prasad Gupta||IND||Dilip Varma|
|Purvi Champaran District|
|10||Raxaul||BJP||Pramod Sinha||INC||Rambabu Yadav|
|11||Sugauli||VIP||Ramchandra Sahani||RJD||Shashi Bhushan Singh||LJP||Vijay Prasad Gupta|
|12||Narkatiya||JD(U)||Shyam Bihari Prasad||RJD||Shamim Ahmad||LJP||Sonu Kumar|
|13||Harsidhi||BJP||Krishnanandan Paswan||RJD||Kumar Nagendra|
|14||Govindganj||BJP||Sunil Mani Tiwari||INC||Brajesh Pandey||LJP||Raju Tiwari|
|15||Kesaria||JD(U)||Shalini Mishra||RJD||Santosh Kushawaha||LJP||Ram Sharan Prasad Yadav|
|16||Kalyanpur||BJP||Sachindra Prasad Singh||RJD||Manoj Kumar Yadav|
|17||Pipra||BJP||Shyambabu Prasad Yadav||CPI(M)||Rajmangal Prasad|
|18||Madhuban||BJP||Rana Randhir Singh||RJD||Madan Prasad|
|19||Motihari||BJP||Pramod Kumar||RJD||Om Prakash Choudhary|
|20||Chiraia||BJP||Lal Babu Prasad Gupta||RJD||Acchelal Yadav|
|21||Dhaka||BJP||Pawan Jaiswal||RJD||Faisal Rahman|
|22||Sheohar||JD(U)||Sharfuddin||RJD||Chetan Anand Singh||LJP||Vijay Kumar Pandey|
|23||Riga||BJP||Moti Lal Prasad||INC||Amit Kumar Tunna|
|24||Bathnaha||BJP||Anil Ram||INC||Sanjay Ram|
|25||Parihar||BJP||Gayatri Devi||RJD||Ritu Jaiswal|
|26||Sursand||JD(U)||Dilip Rai||RJD||Syed Abu Dojana||LJP||Amit Choudhari|
|27||Bajpatti||JD(U)||Ranju Geeta||RJD||Mukesh Kumar Yadav||LJP||MD Intakhab Alam|
|28||Sitamarhi||BJP||Mitilesh Kumar||RJD||Sunil Kumar|
|29||Runnisaidpur||JD(U)||Pankaj Kumar Mishra||RJD||Mangita Devi||LJP||Guddi Devi|
|30||Belsand||JD(U)||Sunita Singh Chauhan||RJD||Sanjay Kumar Gupta||LJP||Md Nasir Ahmad|
|31||Harlakhi||JD(U)||Sudhanshu Shekhar||CPI||Ram Naresh Pandey||LJP||Vikash Kumar Misra|
|32||Benipatti||BJP||Vinod Narayan Jha||INC||Bhawana Jha|
|33||Khajauli||BJP||Arun Shankar Prasad||RJD||Sitaram Yadav|
|34||Babubarhi||JD(U)||Meena Kamat||RJD||Umakant Yadav||LJP||Amar Nath Prasad|
|35||Bisfi||BJP||Haribhushan Thakur||RJD||Faiyaz Ahmad|
|36||Madhubani||VIP||Suman Kumar Mahaseth||RJD||Samir Kumar Mahaseth||LJP||Arvind Kumar Purbey|
|37||Rajnagar||BJP||Ram Prit Paswan||RJD||Ramawatar Paswan|
|38||Jhanjharpur||BJP||Nitish Mishra||CPI||Ram Narayan Yadav|
|39||Phulparas||JD(U)||Sheela Kumari Mandal||INC||Kripanath Pathak||LJP||Binod Kumar Singh|
|40||Laukaha||JD(U)||Laxmeshwar Rai||RJD||Bharat Bhushan Mandal||LJP||Pramod Kumar Priyedarshi|
|41||Nirmali||JD(U)||Aniruddha Prasad Yadav||RJD||Yaduvansh Kumar Yadav||LJP||Gautam Kumar|
|42||Pipra||JD(U)||Ram Vilas Kamat||RJD||Vishwa Mohan Mandal||LJP||Shakuntala Prasad|
|43||Supaul||JD(U)||Bijendra Prasad Yadav||INC||Minnauttallah Rahmani||LJP||Prabhash Chandra Mandal|
|44||Triveniganj||JD(U)||Veena Bharti||RJD||Santosh Sardar||LJP||Renulata Bharti|
|45||Chhatapur||BJP||Neeraj Kumar Singh||RJD||Vipin Kumar Nonia|
|46||Narpatganj||BJP||Jayprakash Yadav||RJD||Anil Kumar Yadav|
|47||Raniganj||JD(U)||Achmit Rishidev||RJD||Avinash Mangalam||LJP||Parmanand Rishidev|
|48||Forbesganj||BJP||Vidya Sagar Keshri||INC||Zakir Hussain|
|49||Araria||JD(U)||Shagufta Azim||INC||Avidur Rahman||LJP||Chandra Shekhar Singh Baban|
|50||Jokihat||BJP||Ranjeet Yadav||RJD||Sarfaraz Alam|
|51||Sikti||BJP||Vijay Mandal||RJD||Shatrughan Mandal|
|52||Bahadurganj||VIP||Lakhan Lal Pandit||INC||Md. Tauseef Alam|
|53||Thakurganj||JD(U)||Naushad Alam||RJD||Saud Alam||LJP||Mahommad Kalim Uddin|
|54||Kishanganj||BJP||Sweety Singh||INC||Izharul Hussain|
|55||Kochadhaman||JD(U)||Mujahid Alam||RJD||Shahid Alam||LJP||Habibur Rahman|
|56||Amour||JD(U)||Saba Zafar||INC||Abdul Jalil Mastan||LJP||Manoj Kumar Nishad|
|57||Baisi||BJP||Vinod Yadav||RJD||Abdus Subhan|
|58||Kasba||HAM(S)||Rajendra Yadav||INC||Md. Afaque Alam||LJP||Pradeep Kumar Das|
|59||Banmankhi||BJP||Krishna Kumar Rishi||RJD||Upendra Sharma|
|60||Rupauli||JD(U)||Bima Bharti||CPI||Vikas Chandra Mandal||LJP||Shankar Singh|
|61||Dhamdaha||JD(U)||Leshi Singh||RJD||Dilip Kumar Yadav||LJP||Yogendra Kumar|
|62||Purnia||BJP||Vijay Khemka||INC||Indu Sinha|
|63||Katihar||BJP||Tarkishore Prasad||RJD||Ram Prakash Mahto|
|64||Kadwa||JD(U)||Suraj Prasad Rai||INC||Shakeel Ahmad Khan||LJP||Chandra Bhushan Thakur|
|65||Balrampur||VIP||Barun Kumar Jha||CPI(ML)L||Mahbub Alam||LJP||Sangita Devi|
|66||Pranpur||BJP||Nisha Singh||INC||Tauquir Alam|
|67||Manihari||JD(U)||Shambhu Suman||INC||Manohar Prasad Singh||LJP||Anil Kumar Oraon|
|68||Barari||JD(U)||Vijay Singh Nishad||RJD||Neeraj Kumar||LJP||Bibhash Chandra Choudhary|
|69||Korha||BJP||Kavita Paswan||INC||Poonam Paswan|
|70||Alamnagar||JD(U)||Narendra Narayan Yadav||RJD||Naveen Nishad||LJP||Sunila Devi|
|71||Bihariganj||JD(U)||Niranjan Kumar Mehta||INC||Subhashini Bundela||LJP||Vijay Kumar Singh|
|72||Singheshwar||JD(U)||Ramesh Rishidev||RJD||Chandrahas Choupal||LJP||Amit Kumar Bharti|
|73||Madhepura||JD(U)||Nikhil Mandal||RJD||Chandrasekhar||LJP||Saakar Suresh Yadav|
|74||Sonbarsha||JD(U)||Ratnesh Sada||INC||Tarni Rishidev||LJP||Sarita Devi|
|75||Saharsa||BJP||Alok Ranjan Jha||RJD||Lovely Anand|
|76||Simri Bakhtiarpur||VIP||Mukesh Sahani||RJD||Yusuf Salahuddin||LJP||Sanjay Kumar Singh|
|77||Mahishi||JD(U)||Gunjeshwar Sah||RJD||Gautam Krishna||LJP||Abdur Razzaque|
|78||Kusheshwar Asthan||JD(U)||Shashi Bhushan Hajari||INC||Ashok Kumar||LJP||Poonam Kumari|
|79||Gaura Bauram||VIP||Swarna Singh||RJD||Afzal Ali Khan||LJP||Rajeev Kumar Thakur|
|80||Benipur||JD(U)||Binay Kumar Choudhary||INC||Mithilesh Chaudhary||LJP||Kamal Ram Vinod Jha|
|81||Alinagar||VIP||Mishri Lal Yadav||RJD||Binod Mishra||LJP||Raj Kumar Jha|
|82||Darbhanga Rural||JD(U)||Faraz Fatmi||RJD||Lalit Kumar Yadav||LJP||Pradeep Kumar Thakur|
|83||Darbhanga||BJP||Sanjay Saraogi||RJD||Amarnath Gami|
|84||Hayaghat||BJP||Ramchandra Shah||RJD||Bhola Yadav|
|85||Bahadurpur||JD(U)||Madan Sahni||RJD||Ramesh Chaudhary||LJP||Devendra Kumar Jha|
|86||Keoti||BJP||Murari Mohan Jha||RJD||Abdul Bari Siddiqui|
|87||Jale||BJP||Jibesh Kumar Mishra||INC||Mashkoor Ahmad Usmani|
|88||Gaighat||JD(U)||Maheshwar Prasad Yadav||RJD||Niranjan Rai||LJP||Komal Singh|
|89||Aurai||BJP||Ram Surat Ray||CPI(ML)L||Aftab Alam|
|90||Minapur||JD(U)||Manoj Kumar||RJD||Rajeev Kumar||LJP||Ajay Kumar|
|91||Bochahan||VIP||Musafir Paswan||RJD||Ramai Ram||LJP||Amar Azad|
|92||Sakra||JD(U)||Ashok Kumar Choudhary||INC||Umesh Kumar Ram||LJP||Sanjay Paswan|
|93||Kurhani||BJP||Kedar Gupta||RJD||Anil Kumar Sahni|
|94||Muzaffarpur||BJP||Suresh Kumar Sharma||INC||Bijender Chaudhary|
|95||Kanti||JD(U)||Mohammad Jamal||RJD||Mohammad Israil Mansuri||LJP||Bijay Prasad Singh|
|96||Baruraj||BJP||Arun Kumar Singh||RJD||Nand Kumar Rai|
|97||Paroo||BJP||Ashok Kumar Singh||INC||Anunay Kumar Singh|
|98||Sahebganj||VIP||Raju Kumar Singh||RJD||Ram Vichar Ray||LJP||Krishan Kumar Singh|
|99||Baikunthpur||BJP||Mithlesh Tiwari||RJD||Prem Shankar|
|100||Barauli||BJP||Rampravesh Rai||RJD||Reyazul Haque Raju|
|101||Gopalganj||BJP||Subash Singh||INC||Asif Gafoor|
|102||Kuchaikote||JD(U)||Amarendra Kumar Pandey||INC||Kali Prasad Pandey||LJP||Ravi Pandey|
|103||Bhore||JD(U)||Sunil Kumar||CPI(ML)L||Jitendra Paswan||LJP||Pushpa Devi|
|104||Hathua||JD(U)||Ramsewak Singh||RJD||Rajesh Kumar Singh||LJP||Ramdarshan Prasad|
|105||Siwan||BJP||Om Prakash Yadav||RJD||Awadh Bihari Choudhary|
|106||Ziradei||JD(U)||Kamla Kushwaha||CPI(ML)L||Amarjeet Kushwaha||LJP||Vinod Tiwari|
|107||Darauli||BJP||Ramayan Manjhi||CPI(ML)L||Satyadeo Ram|
|108||Raghunathpur||JD(U)||Rajeshwar Chouhan||RJD||Hari Shankar Yadav||LJP||Manoj Kumar Singh|
|109||Daraunda||BJP||Karanjeet Singh||CPI(ML)L||Amarnath Yadav|
|110||Barharia||JD(U)||Shyam Bahadur Singh||RJD||Bachcha Pandey||LJP||Birabahadur Singh|
|111||Goriakothi||BJP||Devesh Kant Singh||RJD||Nutan Verma|
|112||Maharajganj||JD(U)||Hem Narayan Sah||INC||Vijay Shanker Dubey||LJP||Kumar Deo Ranjan Singh|
|113||Ekma||JD(U)||Sita Devi||RJD||Sri Kant Yadav||LJP||Kameshwar Singh|
|114||Manjhi||JD(U)||Madhvi Singh||CPI(M)||Satyendra Yadav||LJP||Saurabh Kumar Pandey|
|115||Baniapur||VIP||Virendra Kumar Ojha||RJD||Kedarnath Singh||LJP||Tarkeshwar Singh|
|116||Taraiya||BJP||Janak Singh||RJD||Sipahilal Mahato|
|117||Marhaura||JD(U)||Altaf Alam||RJD||Jitendra Kumar Ray||LJP||Vinay Kumar|
|118||Chapra||BJP||C.N. Gupta||RJD||Randhir Kumar Singh|
|119||Garkha||BJP||Gyanchand Manjhi||RJD||Surendra Ram|
|120||Amnour||BJP||Krishan Kumar Mantoo||RJD||Sunil Kumar Ray|
|121||Parsa||JD(U)||Chandrika Roy||RJD||Chhote Lal Ray||LJP||Rakesh Kumar Singh|
|122||Sonepur||BJP||Vinay Kumar Singh||RJD||Ramanuj Prasad Yadav|
|123||Hajipur||BJP||Awadhesh Singh||RJD||Deo Kumar Chaurasia|
|124||Lalganj||BJP||Sanjay Kumar Singh||INC||Rakesh Kumar||LJP||Raj Kumar Sah|
|125||Vaishali||JD(U)||Siddharth Patel||INC||Sanjeev Singh||LJP||Ajay Kumar Kushwaha|
|126||Mahua||JD(U)||Asma Parveen||RJD||Mukesh Kumar Raushan||LJP||Sanjay Kumar Singh|
|127||Raja Pakar||JD(U)||Mahendra Ram||INC||Pratima Kumari Das||LJP||Dhananjay Kumar|
|128||Raghopur||BJP||Satish Kumar Yadav||RJD||Tejashwi Yadav||LJP||Rakesh Raushan|
|129||Mahnar||JD(U)||Umesh Singh Kushwaha||RJD||Bina Singh||LJP||Rabindra Kumar Singh|
|130||Patepur||BJP||Lakhinder Paswan||RJD||Shivchandra Ram|
|131||Kalyanpur||JD(U)||Maheshwar Hazari||CPI(ML)L||Ranjeet Kumar Ram||LJP||Mona Prasad Sundeshwar Ram|
|132||Warisnagar||JD(U)||Ashok Kumar Singh||CPI(ML)L||Phoolbabu Singh||LJP||Urmila Sinha|
|133||Samastipur||JD(U)||Ashwamedh Devi||RJD||Md. Shaheen||LJP||Mahendra Pradhan|
|134||Ujiarpur||BJP||Sheel kumar Roy||RJD||Alok Kumar Mehta|
|135||Morwa||JD(U)||Vidyasagar Singh Nishad||RJD||Ranvijay Sahu||LJP||Abhay Kumar Singh|
|136||Sarairanjan||JD(U)||Vijay Kumar Chaudhary||RJD||Arvind Kumar Sahni||LJP||Abhash Kumar Jha|
|137||Mohiuddinnagar||BJP||Rajesh Singh||RJD||Ejya Yadav|
|138||Bibhutipur||JD(U)||Ram Balak Singh||CPI(M)||Ajay Kumar||LJP||Chandrabali Thakur|
|139||Rosera||BJP||Birendra Paswan||INC||Nagendra Vikal||LJP||Krishan Raj Paswan|
|140||Hasanpur||JD(U)||Raj Kumar Ray||RJD||Tej Pratap Yadav||LJP||Manish Kumar Sahni|
|141||Cheria-Bariarpur||JD(U)||Manju Verma||RJD||Raj Banshi Mahto||LJP||Rakhi Devi|
|142||Bachhwara||BJP||Surendra Mehta||CPI||Awadhesh Kumar Rai|
|143||Teghra||JD(U)||Birendra Kumar||CPI||Ram Ratan Singh||LJP||Lalan Kumar|
|144||Matihani||JD(U)||Narendra Kumar Singh||CPI(M)||Rajendra Prasad Singh||LJP||Raj Kumar Singh|
|145||Sahebpur Kamal||JD(U)||Shashikant Kumar Shashi||RJD||Sattanand Sambuddha||LJP||Surendra Kumar|
|146||Begusarai||BJP||Kundan Singh||INC||Amita Bhushan|
|147||Bakhri||BJP||Ramshankar Paswan||CPI||Suryakant Paswan|
|148||Alauli||JD(U)||Sadhna Devi||RJD||Ramvriksh Sada||LJP||Ramchandra Sada|
|149||Khagaria||JD(U)||Poonam Devi Yadav||INC||Chatrapati Yadav||LJP||Renu Kumari|
|150||Beldaur||JD(U)||Panna Lal Singh Patel||INC||Chandan Kumar||LJP||Mithilesh Kumar Nishad|
|151||Parbatta||JD(U)||Sanjeev Kumar Singh||RJD||Digambar Prasad Tiwary||LJP||Aditya Kumar Shyour|
|152||Bihpur||BJP||Kumar Shailendra||RJD||Shailesh Kumar Mandal|
|153||Gopalpur||JD(U)||Narendra Kumar Niraj||RJD||Shailesh Kumar||LJP||Suresh Bhagat|
|154||Pirpainti||BJP||Lalan Kumar Paswan||RJD||Ram Vilash Paswan|
|155||Kahalgaon||BJP||Pawan Kumar Yadav||INC||Shubhanand Mukesh|
|156||Bhagalpur||BJP||Rohit Pandey||INC||Ajeet Sharma||LJP||Rajesh Verma|
|157||Sultanganj||JD(U)||Lalit Narayan Mandal||INC||Lalan Kumar||LJP||Nilam Devi|
|158||Nathnagar||JD(U)||Lakshmikant Mandal||RJD||Ali Ashraf Siddiqui||LJP||Amarnath Prasad|
|159||Amarpur||JD(U)||Jayant Raj||INC||Jitendra Singh||LJP||Mrinal Shekhar|
|160||Dhoraiya||JD(U)||Manish Kumar||RJD||Bhudeo Choudhary||LJP||Dipak Kumar Paswan|
|161||Banka||BJP||Ram Narayan Mandal||RJD||Javed Iqbal Ansari|
|162||Katoria||BJP||Nikki Hembrom||RJD||Sweety Sima Hembram|
|163||Belhar||JD(U)||Manoj Yadav||RJD||Ramdeo Yadav||LJP||Kumari Archana Yadav|
|164||Tarapur||JD(U)||Mewa Lal Choudhary||RJD||Divya Prakash||LJP||Mina Devi|
|165||Munger||BJP||Pranav Kumar Yadav||RJD||Avinash Kumar Vidyarthi|
|166||Jamalpur||JD(U)||Shailesh Kumar||INC||Ajay Kumar Singh||LJP||Durgesh Kumar Singh|
|167||Suryagarha||JD(U)||Ramanand Mandal||RJD||Prahlad Yadav||LJP||Ravishanker Prasad Singh|
|168||Lakhisarai||BJP||Vijay Kumar Sinha||INC||Amaresh Kumar|
|169||Sheikhpura||JD(U)||Randhir Kumar Soni||RJD||Vijay Kumar||LJP||Imam Ghazali|
|170||Barbigha||JD(U)||Sudarshan Kumar||INC||Gajanand Shahi||LJP||Madhukar Kumar|
|171||Asthawan||JD(U)||Jitendra Kumar||RJD||Anil Kumar||LJP||Ramesh Kumar|
|172||Biharsharif||BJP||Sunil Kumar||RJD||Sunil Kumar|
|173||Rajgir||JD(U)||Kaushal Kishore||INC||Ravi Jyoti Kumar||LJP||Manju Devi|
|174||Islampur||JD(U)||Chandrasen Prasad||RJD||Rakesh Kumar Raushan||LJP||Naresh Prasad Singh|
|175||Hilsa||JD(U)||Krishnamurari Sharan||RJD||Shakti Singh Yadav||LJP||Kumar Suman Singh|
|176||Nalanda||JD(U)||Shrawan Kumar||INC||Gunjan Patel||LJP||Ram Keshwar Prasad|
|177||Harnaut||JD(U)||Harinarayan Singh||INC||Kundan Gupta||LJP||Mamta Devi|
|178||Mokama||JD(U)||Rajiv Lochan Narayan Singh||RJD||Anant Kumar Singh||LJP||Suresh Singh Nishad|
|179||Barh||BJP||Gyanendra Kumar Singh||INC||Satyendra Bahadur|
|180||Bakhtiarpur||BJP||Ranvijay Singh Yadav||RJD||Aniruddh Kumar|
|181||Digha||BJP||Sanjeev Chaurasiya||CPI(ML)L||Shashi Yadav|
|182||Bankipur||BJP||Nitin Nabin||INC||Luv Sinha|
|183||Kumhrar||BJP||Arun Kumar Sinha||RJD||Dharamendra Kumar|
|184||Patna Sahib||BJP||Nand Kishore Yadav||INC||Parveen Khushwaha|
|185||Fatuha||BJP||Satyendra Singh||RJD||Rama Nand Yadav|
|186||Danapur||BJP||Asha Devi Yadav||RJD||Ritlal Ray|
|187||Maner||BJP||Nikhil Anand Yadav||RJD||Bhai Virendra|
|188||Phulwari||JD(U)||Arun Manjhi||CPI(ML)L||Gopal Ravidas|
|189||Masaurhi||JD(U)||Nutan Paswan||RJD||Rekha Devi||LJP||Parshuram Kumar|
|190||Paliganj||JD(U)||Jai Vardhan Yadav||CPI(ML)L||Sandeep Saurav||LJP||Usha Vidyarthi|
|191||Bikram||BJP||Atul Kumar||INC||Siddharth Saurav|
|192||Sandesh||JD(U)||Vijendra Yadav||RJD||Kiran Devi||LJP||Shweta Singh|
|193||Barhara||BJP||Raghvendra Pratap Singh||RJD||Saroj Yadav|
|194||Arrah||BJP||Amrendra Pratap Singh||CPI(ML)L||Quyamuddin Ansari|
|195||Agiaon||JD(U)||Prabhunath Prasad||CPI(ML)L||Manoj Manzil||LJP||Rajeshwar Paswan|
|196||Tarari||BJP||Kaushal Kumar Singh||CPI(ML)L||Sudama Prasad|
|197||Jagdishpur||JD(U)||Shushumlata Kushwaha||RJD||Ram Vishnun Singh||LJP||Sri Bhagwan Singh Kushwaha|
|198||Shahpur||BJP||Munni Devi||RJD||Rahul Tiwari|
|199||Brahampur||VIP||Jairaj Chaudhary Bind||RJD||Shambhunath Yadav||LJP||Hulas Pandey|
|200||Buxar||BJP||Parshuram Chaubey||INC||Sanjay Kumar Tiwari|
|201||Dumraon||JD(U)||Anjum Ara||CPI(ML)L||Ajit Kumar Singh||LJP||Akhilesh Kumar Singh|
|202||Rajpur||JD(U)||Santosh Kumar Nirala||INC||Vishwanath Ram||LJP||Nirbhaya Kumar Nirala|
|203||Ramgarh||BJP||Ashok Kumar Singh||RJD||Sudhakar Singh|
|204||Mohania||BJP||Niranjan Ram||RJD||Sangita Kumari|
|205||Bhabua||BJP||Rinki Rani Pandey||RJD||Bharat Bind|
|206||Chainpur||BJP||Brij Kishor Bind||INC||Prakash Kumar Singh|
|207||Chenari||JD(U)||Lalan Paswan||INC||Murari Prasad Gautam||LJP||Chandra Shekhar Paswan|
|208||Sasaram||JD(U)||Ashok Kumar||RJD||Rajesh Kumar Gupta||LJP||Rameshwar Chaurasiya|
|209||Kargahar||JD(U)||Bashist Singh||INC||Santosh Kumar Mishra||LJP||Rakesh Kumar Singh|
|210||Dinara||JD(U)||Jai Kumar Singh||RJD||Vijay Kumar Mandal||LJP||Rajendra Prasad Singh|
|211||Nokha||JD(U)||Nagendra Chandravanshi||RJD||Anita Devi||LJP||Krishna Kabir|
|212||Dehri||BJP||Satyanarayan Singh Yadav||RJD||Phate Bahadur Singh|
|213||Karakat||BJP||Rajeshwar Raj||CPI(ML)L||Arun Singh|
|214||Arwal||BJP||Dipak Kumar Sharma||CPI(ML)L||Maha Nand Singh|
|215||Kurtha||JD(U)||Satyadeo Singh||RJD||Bagi Kumar Verma||LJP||Bhuwneshwar Pathak|
|216||Jehanabad||JD(U)||Krishnanandan Prasad Verma||RJD||Suday Yadav||LJP||Indu Devi Kashyap|
|217||Ghosi||JD(U)||Rahul Kumar||CPI(ML)L||Rambali Singh Yadav||LJP||Rakesh Kumar Singh|
|218||Makhdumpur||HAM(S)||Devendra Manjhi||RJD||Satish Kumar|
|219||Goh||BJP||Manoj Kumar Sharma||RJD||Bhim Kumar Singh|
|220||Obra||JD(U)||Sunil Kumar||RJD||Rishi Kumar||LJP||Prakash Chandra|
|221||Nabinagar||JD(U)||Virendra Kumar Singh||RJD||Vijay Kumar Singh
|LJP||Vijay Kumar Singh|
|222||Kutumba||HAM(S)||Shravan Bhuyan||INC||Rajesh Kumar||LJP||Sarun Paswan|
|223||Aurangabad||BJP||Ramadhar Singh||INC||Anand Shankar Singh|
|224||Rafiganj||JD(U)||Ashok Kumar Singh||RJD||Mohammad Nehaluddin||LJP||Manoj Kumar Singh|
|225||Gurua||BJP||Rajiv Nandan||RJD||Vinay Kumar|
|226||Sherghati||JD(U)||Vinod Prasad Yadav||RJD||Manju Agrawal||LJP||Mukesh Kumar Yadav|
|227||Imamganj||HAM(S)||Jitan Ram Manjhi||RJD||Uday Narayan Choudhary||LJP||Shobha Sinha|
|228||Barachatti||HAM(S)||Jyoti Devi||RJD||Samata Devi||LJP||Renuka Devi|
|229||Bodh Gaya||BJP||Hari Manjhi||RJD||Kumar Sarvjeet|
|230||Gaya Town||BJP||Prem Kumar||INC||Akhauri Onkar Nath|
|231||Tikari||HAM(S)||Anil Kumar||INC||Sumant Kumar||LJP||Kamlesh Sharma|
|232||Belaganj||JD(U)||Abhay Kumar Sinha||RJD||Surendra Prasad Yadav||LJP||Ramashray Sharma|
|233||Atri||JD(U)||Manorama Devi||RJD||Ajay Yadav||LJP||Arvind Kumar Singh|
|234||Wazirganj||BJP||Birendra Singh||INC||Shashi Shekhar Singh|
|235||Rajauli||BJP||Kanhaiya Kumar||RJD||Prakash Veer|
|236||Hisua||BJP||Anil Singh||INC||Nitu Kumari|
|237||Nawada||JD(U)||Kaushal Yadav||RJD||Vibha Devi||LJP||Shashi Bhusan Kumar|
|238||Gobindpur||JD(U)||Purnima Yadav||RJD||Mohammed Kamran||LJP||Ranjeet Yadav|
|239||Warsaliganj||BJP||Aruna Devi||INC||Satish Kumar|
|240||Sikandra||HAM(S)||Prafulla Manjhi||INC||Sudhir Kumar||LJP||Ravishankar Paswan|
|241||Jamui||BJP||Shreyasi Singh||RJD||Vijay Prakash Yadav|
|242||Jhajha||JD(U)||Damodar Rawat||RJD||Rajendra Yadav||LJP||Rabindra Yadav|
|243||Chakai||JD(U)||Sanjay Prasad||RJD||Savitri Devi||LJP||Sanjay Kumar Mandal|
|Source: Election Commission of India|
Surveys and polls
According to Times Now-C Voter Bihar Poll Survey, 61.1% are angry with incumbent CM Nitish Kumar's governance and want a government change. Other 25.2% are angry with Nitish Kumar's government but don't want change. The rest 13.7% are not angry with Nitish Kumar. The poll shows the huge anti-incumbency and dissatisfaction wave against NDA and want change towards RJD and Mahagathbandhan alliance.
|Polling type||Date||Polling Agency||Majority||Ref|
|20 October 2020||India Today-Lokniti CSDS||133-143||88-98||8-16||11-21|||
|Opinion poll||12 October 2020||Times Now-Cvoter||160||76||7||39|||
|25 September 2020||ABP-Cvoter||141-161||64-84||13-23||20–40|||
|Polling type||Date||Polling Agency||Ref|
|Opinion poll||25 September 2020||ABP-Cvoter||44.8||33.2||22.0|||
|20 October 2020||India Today-CSDS Lokniti||38||32||30|||
The Chief election commissioner of India Sunil Arora announced on 25 September 2020 that Bihar assembly elections will be held from 28 October 2020, in three phases for 243 constituencies. Per the Election Commission of India, approximately 60 registered parties contest are to in the Bihar elections.
The elections will be conducted amid the COVID-19 pandemic with the necessary guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India. The election will consist of both, virtual and physical campaigns. The authorities will also pass the guidelines over limited people to be involved in the rallies. Due to Covid-19, the polling time will be increased by one hour and will now be from 7am to 6pm, except in Naxalite–Maoist insurgency affected areas.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (October 2020)
|NDA||Janata Dal (United)||115|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||110|
|Vikassheel Insaan Party||11|
|Hindustani Awam Morcha||7|
|MGB||Rashtriya Janata Dal||144|
|Indian National Congress||70|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)||19|
|Communist Party of India||6|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||4|
|GDSF||Rashtriya Lok Samta Party||104|
|Bahujan Samaj Party||80|
|Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic||25|
|All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen||24|
|Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party||5|
|Janvadi Party (Socialist)||5|
|None||Lok Janshakti Party||135|
|Nationalist Congress Party|
|Jharkhand Mukti Morcha|
|None of the Above (NOTA)||-|
Results by District Wise
Results by Constituency
|Winner||Runner Up||Margin||Poll On|
|Paschim Champaran District|
|Purvi Champaran District|
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (March 2020)
- "Article 168 in The Constitution Of India 1949". Indiankanoon.org. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- "Bihar Assembly Elections 2020 dates announced, to be conducted from Oct 28-Nov 7 in 3 phases". DNA India. 25 September 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- "Nitish Kumar-led JD(U) passes resolution to join NDA - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- "Bihar Election 2020: Key issues that will guide voting and impact results". India Today. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- "How parties in Bihar 'politicised' justice for Sushant Singh Rajput". Hindustan Times. 8 September 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- "Bihar election gets a new political constituency - over 16 lakh migrant workers". Hindustan Times. 29 September 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- "Covid to flood: Tracing issues that may impact Bihar polls". Hindustan Times. 25 September 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- Ranjan, Ashish (28 August 2020). "Deep Dive: Nitish Kumar's road to Bihar throne passes through migrant belt". India Today. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- Singh, Santosh; Ghose, Dipankar (9 October 2020). "Ram Vilas Paswan's death will cast a shadow on Bihar elections". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
- "Bihar assembly elections live updates: 3-phase Bihar polls on Oct 28, Nov 3 and Nov 7". 25 September 2020.
- "It is the CM's duty to bring back stranded students, says Bihar BJP leader". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 30 April 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Sinha, Arjun (10 November 2015). "From lousy rallies to inept partners, the six charts that explain Modi's decimation in Bihar". Quartz India. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Varma, Gyan (8 November 2015). "Bihar results: Social arithmetic, quota comments seen behind BJP's failure". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Bhaskar, Utpal (27 May 2019). "Lok Sabha win gives a 2nd wind to JD(U) for assembly polls, NDA in pole position". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Kumar, Prakash (10 December 2018). "Jolt to NDA; Kushwaha resigns as Union minister". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Jitam Ram Manjhi quits NDA, set to join 'Mahagathbandhan'". The Indian Express. 28 February 2018.
- Tewary, Amarnath (2 September 2020). "Manjhi's HAM(S) joins NDA". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "BJP spares 11 seats to associate partner VIP from its quota in Bihar polls". The Week. Press Trust of India. 7 October 2020.
- Kumar, Abhay (8 March 2020). "Why is Nitish Kumar miffed with ally Chirag Paswan?". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Jeelani, Gulam (7 September 2020). "Bihar elections: Paswans flex muscles as Nitish launches virtual poll campaign". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Bihar elections: LJP to contest against all JD(U) candidates but still 'support BJP'". The Indian Express. 4 October 2020.
- Nair, Sobhana K. (2 October 2020). "Bihar Assembly election | LJP to go it alone, but backs Narendra Modi". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Bihar BJP expels 9 leaders including rebels contesting on LJP tickets". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 13 October 2020.
- Menon, Aditya (6 October 2020). "Hidden Deal in Bihar Polls? BJP Leaders to Contest on LJP Tickets". The Quint. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- "Explained: What constitutes NDA in Bihar and what is its social composition and USP?". The Indian Express. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- Swaroop, Vijay (12 October 2020). Saxena, Sparshita (ed.). "Bihar assembly polls: BJP faces hard time clearing air about LJP's status in NDA". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- Mishra, Dipak (11 October 2020). "LJP affiliates want Chirag Paswan in Modi cabinet after dad's death, BJP says it's PM's call". The Print. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- Menon, Aditya (5 October 2020). "Bihar Elections: LJP's Move Can Alter Poll Equations. Here's How". The Quint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Downsizing Nitish". The Indian Express. 6 October 2020.
- Ray, Umesh Kumar (5 October 2020). "Bihar Elections: What the LJP Hopes to Achieve By Walking Out of the NDA". The Wire. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Menon, Aditya (6 October 2020). "Hidden Deal in Bihar Polls? BJP Leaders to Contest on LJP Tickets". The Quint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Kumar, Arun (5 October 2020). "Bihar Assembly Election 2020: LJP move to go solo could prove to be a double-edged sword". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Mishra, Law Kumar (7 October 2020). "Bihar Elections 2020: Nitish is NDA's CM candidate, no ifs or buts, LJP told". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Mishra, Dipak (6 October 2020). "Drama before BJP-JD(U) press meet, message to LJP loud and clear — Nitish is NDA's CM face". The Print. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Mishra, Law Kumar (7 October 2020). "Who will undermine whom in Bihar?". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Kumar, Sanjay (6 October 2020). "What separates Bihar's politics from UP's". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Swarup, Vijay (6 October 2020). "Bihar assembly election 2020: NDA seat-sharing pact sealed, Nitish Kumar jabs ex-ally Chirag Paswan". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
- Gyan Varma, Anuja (7 October 2020). "JD(U), BJP seal Bihar seat-sharing deal; Nitish to lead front". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "BJP spares 11 seats to associate partner VIP from its quota in Bihar polls". Outlook India. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Mishra, Dipak (11 October 2020). "LJP affiliates want Chirag Paswan in Modi cabinet after dad's death, BJP says it's PM's call". ThePrint. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
- Ghargi, Arti (16 October 2020). "LJP Trying To Mislead By Naming BJP's Top Leadership: Prakash Javadekar". HW English. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
- Kumar, Abhay (10 June 2020). "Ahead of Bihar polls, Mahagathbandhan may dump three of its allies". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Naqshbandi, Aurangazeb (2 October 2020). "RJD-Congress close to sealing seat talks in Bihar, announcement soon". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
- "RLSP chief Kushwaha joins UPA in Bihar, becomes part of Mahagathbandhan". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 20 December 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Kumar, Manish (23 December 2018). "कौन हैं ये मुकेश साहनी जो कह रहे हैं 'माछ भात खाएंगे महागठबंधन को जिताएंगे'" [Who is this Mukesh Sahani saying "will eat Fish-Rice and give victory to Mahagathbandan"]. NDTV India. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Pappu Yadav promises corruption-free Bihar in six months". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 25 September 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Swaroop, Vijay (20 August 2020). "Jitan Ram Manjhi-led HAM-S exits Grand Alliance ahead of Bihar assembly polls". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "महागठबंधन में टूट: कॉन्फ्रेंस में बोले VIP चीफ - पीठ में छुरा मारा" [Break in Mahagathbandan: VIP chief in conference says backstabbed]. TheQuint (in Hindi). 3 October 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "SP to support RJD in Bihar polls". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 23 September 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Verma, Nalin (29 August 2020). "Will an RJD-Congress-Left Alliance Ride the Anti-Incumbency Wave in Bihar?". The Wire. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Nair, Sobhana K. (26 September 2020). "Bihar Assembly elections | Mahagatbandhan narrows down its seat sharing formula". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Tiwari, Amitabh (7 October 2020). "Bihar Polls 2020: Will Tejashwi's 'Caste-Class' Strategy Succeed?". The Quint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Verma, Nalin (26 August 2020). "Will an RJD-Congress-Left Alliance Ride the Anti-Incumbency Wave in Bihar?". The Wire. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Tewary, Amarnath (3 October 2020). "Bihar Assembly elections | Mahagathbandhan seals seat-sharing deal". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Mazumdar, Gautam (6 October 2020). "JMM to go solo in Bihar polls, accuses RJD of 'political betrayal'". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Bihar polls: Tejashwi announces Grand Alliance's seat-sharing deal, Congress to contest from 70 seats". The Indian Express. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
- "Bihar polls: CPI announces candidates in its quota of six seats". Deccan Herald. Agence France-Presse. 4 October 2020.
- Raj, Dev (2 October 2020). "Alliances are raining down on poll-season Bihar". Telegraph India.
- Kumar, Arun (2 October 2020). "Bihar Assembly Election 2020: NDA vs GA contest shrinks space for smaller parties, new alliances". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Explained: Apart from NDA and Mahagathbandhan, what other alliances are in the poll fray in Bihar?". The Indian Express. 14 October 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
- Swaroop, Vijay (5 October 2020). "Political expediency changing faces of electoral alliances in Bihar". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Turncoats have a field day in poll-bound Bihar". Livemint. Press Trust of India. 28 September 2020.
- Mishra, Law Kumar (9 October 2020). "Yet another election front formed in Bihar". The Free Press Journal. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- "Asaduddin Owaisi, Upendra Kushwaha Form Front Of 6 Parties For Bihar Polls". NDTV. Press Trust of India. 8 October 2020.
- "Bihar elections: LJP to contest against all JD(U) candidates but still 'support BJP'". The Indian Express. 4 October 2020.
- "Sharad Yadav's LJD to contest 51 seats in Bihar polls alone". The Times of India. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
- "Shiv Sena May Contest 30-40 Seats In Bihar Assembly Polls: MP Sanjay Raut". NDTV. Press Trust of India. 5 October 2020.
- Mazumdar, Gautam (6 October 2020). "JMM to go solo in Bihar polls, accuses RJD of 'political betrayal'". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "TIMES NOW-CVoter Bihar Poll Tracker: 34.4% people favour NDA, 31.8% on UPA's side". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
- "Bihar election opinion polls: NDA projected to win 160 seats; BJP to emerge as single-largest party - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
- ABP News (25 September 2020). "Bihar Elections 2020 ABP Opinion Poll: Bihar Wants Nitish Kumar As CM Again, Huge Win Predicted For NDA". news.abplive.com. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- "Bihar Votes In 3 Phases, Starting October 28, Results On November 10". NDTV.com. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- "List of parties and vote share" (PDF). ceobihar.nic.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 October 2020. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
- Panda, Sushmita (25 September 2020). "Election dates for 243 seat Bihar Assembly - biggest in Covid times- announced | HIGHLIGHTS". www.indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- "Bihar elections 2020 schedule: Polling in 3 phases on October 28, November 3 and 7; results on November 10". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 30 September 2020.