2020 Burundian general election

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2020 Burundian presidential election

20 May 2020 (2020-05-20)
Presidential election
← 2015
  Evariste Ndayishimiye.png Agathon Rwasa.png
Nominee Evariste Ndayishimiye Agathon Rwasa
Popular vote 3,082,210 1,084,788
Percentage 71.45% 25.15%

Burundi 2020 General Election Results Map.png
Presidential election results map. Red denotes provinces won by Ndayishimiye, and Green denotes those won by Rwasa.

President before election

Pierre Nkurunziza

Elected President

Evariste Ndayishimiye

National Assembly election

← 2015
Party Leader % Seats ±
CNDD–FDD Evariste Ndayishimiye 70.98% 72 -5
CNL Agathon Rwasa 23.41% 27 +6
UPRONA Gaston Sindimwo 2.54% 1 -1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
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General elections were held in Burundi on 20 May 2020 to elect both the president and the National Assembly.[1] Evariste Ndayishimiye of the ruling CNDD–FDD was elected president with 71% of the vote. In the National Assembly elections, the CNDD–FDD won 72 of the 100 elected seats.

Electoral system[edit]

The president is elected using the two-round system. If no candidate receives a majority of the vote in the first round, a second round will be held.[2] 100 members of the National Assembly are elected from 18 multi-member constituencies based on the provinces using the closed list proportional representation system. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method with a national 2% electoral threshold.[3] A further three members of the Twa ethnic group are appointed, and more members are co-opted to ensure a 60-40 split between Hutus and Tutsis, and a 30% quota for female MPs.[4]


Incumbent President Pierre Nkurunziza, in power since 2005, announced in December 2018 that he would not contest the elections.[5] In response, the main opposition alliance, CNARED, announced that they would return from exile in Belgium to participate in the elections for the first time since 2005.[6]

In January 2020 the CNDD–FDD chose the party's secretary general Evariste Ndayishimiye as its presidential candidate.[7] In February, the National Congress for Liberty selected Agathon Rwasa as their candidate.[8]

Gaston Sindimwo, the First Vice President of Burundi, announced he would run as the Union for National Progress nominee.

Dieudonné Nahimana,[9] Léonce Ngendakumana, Francis Rohero and Domitien Ndayizeye also ran in the elections.


In December 2017 the government introduced a voluntary election levy. However, Human Rights Watch accused the youth wing of the ruling CNDD–FDD and local government officials of extorting the money from citizens in the buildup to the elections, sometimes demanding the donation multiple times.[10]

According to the Burundi Human Rights Initiative, election day was marred by irregularities including the arrests of opposition leaders and people voting multiple times. Long queues formed at polling stations.[11]

Preliminary results[edit]


Candidate Party Votes %
Evariste Ndayishimiye CNDD–FDD 3,082,210 71.45
Agathon Rwasa National Congress for Liberty 1,084,788 25.15
Gaston Sindimwo Union for National Progress 73,353 1.70
Domitien Ndayizeye Kira Burundi Coalition 24,470 0.57
Léonce Ngendakumana Front for Democracy in Burundi 21,232 0.49
Dieudonné Nahimana Independent 18,709 0.43
Francis Rohero Independent 8,942 0.21
Invalid/blank votes 171,224
Total 4,484,928 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,113,418 87.71
Source: CENI

National Assembly[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
CNDD–FDD 3,036,286 70.98 72
National Congress for Liberty 1,001,230 23.41 27
Union for National Progress 108,865 2.54 1
Front for Democracy in Burundi 31,106 0.73 0
National Forces of Liberation 17,842 0.42 0
Front for Democracy in Burundi–Nyakuri 15,547 0.36 0
Kira Burundi Coalition 10,072 0.24 0
Alliance for Peace, Democracy and Reconciliation 6,623 0.15 0
COPA 2020 2,599 0.06 0
Council of Patriots 2,371 0.06 0
Union for Peace and Democracy 2,311 0.05 0
Sangwe PADER 2,142 0.05 0
National People's Front – Imbonenza 1,399 0.03 0
Independents 39,261 0.92 0
Co-opted members 21
Co-opted Twa members 3
Invalid/blank votes 186,705
Total 4,464,359 100 124
Registered voters/turnout 5,113,418 87.31
Source: CENI


  1. ^ Burundi’s main opposition leader announces election bid Andalou, 18 November 2019
  2. ^ Republic of Burundi: Election for President IFES
  3. ^ Electoral system IPU
  4. ^ Elections held in 2005 IPU
  5. ^ Nkurunziza rules out running again Development and Cooperation, 2 October 2019
  6. ^ Burundi's Exiled Main Opposition Alliance Plans to Participate in 2020 Vote VOA News, 16 December 2019
  7. ^ Burundi ruling party picks Ndayishimiye as candidate in May poll Al-Jazeera, 26 January 2020
  8. ^ Burundi opposition party picks Agathon Rwasa to run for president Al Jazeera, 16 February 2020
  9. ^ Griffin, Jo (2020-03-10). "'Not just where people kill each other': the man hoping to transform Burundi". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
  10. ^ Burundi: Elections ‘Levy’ Opens Door to Abuse Human Rights Watch, 6 December 2019
  11. ^ Burundians vote despite coronavirus outbreak Deutsche Welle, 20 May 2020