2020 Chilean national plebiscite

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Chilean national plebiscite, 2020
25 October 2020 (2020-10-25)

Location Chile

Resultados del Plebiscito Nacional en Chile de 2020.svg
Results of the first (left) and second (right) question.
Question 1: Do you want a New Constitution?
Approve
78.28%
Reject
21.72%
Question 2: What kind of body should write the New Constitution?
Mixed Convention
21.01%
Const. Convention
78.99%

The 2020 Chilean national plebiscite was held in Chile on 25 October 2020.[1][2][3] The referendum asked whether a new constitution should be drafted, and whether it should be drafted by a constitutional convention, made up by members elected directly for this convention, or by a mixed constitutional convention, made up in halves by currently-sitting members of Parliament and directly elected citizens.[2] The "Approve" side won by a landslide, with 78% agreeing to draft a new constitution. On how the new text should be written, 79% opted for a "Constitutional Convention".[4] Voter turnout was 51%.

A second vote, which was held alongside municipal and gubernatorial elections between 15 and 16 May 2021, elected the members of the Constitutional Convention. A third vote, which is expected to occur no later than September 2022, will accept or reject the new constitution after it is drafted.[1]

The plebiscite was held as a response to the 2019 Chilean protests, specifically after the biggest march of Chile held on 25 October 2019, which took part in Santiago with more than 1.2 million people participating.[2]

Postponement[edit]

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, on 24 March 2020, the Congress agreed to reschedule the plebiscite originally set for 26 April 2020 to 25 October 2020, and the subsequent Convention election from 25 October 2020 to 11 April 2021 (and later, to 15–16 May 2021). The change, which required a constitutional reform, was promulgated by the President and published in the country's Official Gazette on 26 March 2020.[5][1]

Campaign[edit]

Parties supporting Approve[edit]

Parties supporting Reject[edit]

Opinion polling[edit]

National polls for the first question: Do you want a New Constitution?
Do you want a New Constitution?
  Approve
  Reject
  Don't know/No answer
Line represents 3-week moving average for each option.
National polls for the second question: What kind of body should write the New Constitution?
What kind of body should write the New Constitution?
  Constitutional Convention
  Mixed Constitutional Convention
  Don't know/No answer
Line represents 3-week moving average for each option.
Field dates Pollster Question 1: Do you want a New Constitution? Question 2: What kind of body should write the New Constitution? Notes
Approve Reject DK/NA Constitutional Convention Mixed Constitutional Convention DK/NA
15-Nov to 16-Nov Cadem 82% 16% 2% 60% 35% 5%
15-Nov to 17-Nov Activa 81.1% 8.2% 4.4% 63.5% 24.4% 5.9% "Approve" voters only.
21-Nov to 22-Nov Cadem 85% 12% 3% 62% 33% 5%
19-Nov to 26-Nov Criteria 72% 13% 10% 51% 32% 10%
22-Nov to 26-Nov Activa 77.2% 6.6% 6% 47.4% 22.8% 12.3%
28-Nov to 12-Dec DESOC-COES 85.5% 8.1% 6.4% 51.4% 38.8% 9.8%
28-Nov to 6-Jan CEP 67% 13% 20% 44% 37% 19%
18-Dec to 20-Dec Cadem 86% 12% 1% 61% 36% 3%
17-Dec to 26-Dec Activa 75.8% 10.0% 8.8% 53.7% 23.7% 12.2%
2-Jan to 3-Jan Cadem 72% 20% 6% 51% 43% 6%
8-Jan to 10-Jan Cadem 74% 19% 5% 52% 43% 5%
6-Jan to 15-Jan MORI-FIEL 68% 17% 15% 42% 32% 26%
10-Jan to 16-Jan Activa 77.9% 8.8% 13.2% 57.2% 24.4% 8.6%
18-Jan to 21-Jan Data Influye 73% 22% 0% 54% 29% 17%
22-Jan to 24-Jan Cadem 66% 25% 6% 47% 45% 8%
21-Jan to 28-Jan Criteria 71% 21% 2% 56% 35% 2%
24-Jan to 30-Jan Activa 69.1% 14.5% 8.6% 50.3% 24.4% 15.4%
29-Jan to 31-Jan Cadem 72% 22% 4% 50% 42% 8%
5-Feb to 7-Feb Cadem 67% 27% 4% 51% 42% 7%
6-Feb to 13-Feb Activa 69.7% 14.2% 4.4% 44.1% 27.2% 14.2%
12-Feb to 14-Feb Cadem 67% 26% —% 50% 41% —%
15-Feb to 18-Feb Data Influye 75% 19% 0% 58% 27% 15%
19-Feb to 21-Feb Cadem 67% 25% —% 50% 42% —%
19-Feb to 29-Feb Criteria 67% 22% 4% 52% 34% 2%
20-Feb to 28-Feb Activa 69.6% 13.1% 7.8% 51.2% 24.4% 14.6%
26-Feb to 28-Feb Cadem 67% 25% -% 53% 36% -%
4-Mar to 6-Mar Cadem 66% 24% -% 58% 33% -%
5-Mar to 12-Mar Activa 65.3% 14.4% -% 50.8% 22.8% -%
11-Mar to 13-Mar Cadem 68% 21% -% 52% 38% -%
14-Mar to 15-Mar StatKnows 55.49% 34.72% -% 53.7% 28.8% -%
14-Mar to 16-Mar Data Influye 74% 18% -% 65% 24% -%
18-Mar to 20-Mar Cadem 62% 25% -% 51% 39% -%
20-Mar to 27-Mar Activa 68.7% 17.1% -% 54.6% 26.5% -%
3-Abr to 9-Abr Activa 70.0% 16.9% -% 46.9% 29.9% -%
27-Abr to 28-Abr Activa 74.2% 10.8% -% 53.1% 23.5% -%
29-Abr to 30-Abr Cadem 65% 26% -% 50% 42% -%
11-May to 12-May Activa 69.9% 16.6% -% 51.5% 26.9% -%
26-May to 31-May Criteria 72% 20% -% N/A N/A N/A
28-May to 30-May Activa 70.2% 13.2% -% 45.2% 31.0% -%
11-Jun to 13-Jun Activa 73.0% 10.9% -% 49.6% 27.7% -%
26-Jun to 28-Jun Activa 68.1% 12.6% -% 46.5% 26.9% -%
25-Jun to 30-Jun Criteria 76% 16% -% N/A N/A N/A
9-Jul to 11-Jul Activa 71.9% 11.9% -% 48.4% 26.5% -%
10-Jul to 17-Jul Numen 61.6% 27.7% -% 48.8% 28.8% -% Commissioned by the "Reject" campaign team.
22-Jul to 24-Jul Cadem 71% 20% -% 55% 35% -%
27-Jul to 31-Jul Criteria 75% 17% -% N/A N/A N/A
30-Jul to 1-Aug Activa 77.0% 9.9% -% 48.7% 31.6% -%
13-Aug to 15-Aug Activa 68.0% 10.3% -% 49.0% 25.8% -%
14-Aug to 21-Aug Numen 42.3% 34.6% -% N/A N/A N/A Commissioned by the "Reject" campaign team.
20-Aug to 24-Aug StatKnows 55.4% 43.09% -% 54% 33% -%
21-Aug to 24-Aug Data Influye 73% 13% -% 55% 26% -%
25-Aug to 28-Aug CPP-UNAB 54% 40% -% 44% 40% -%
27-Aug to 29-Aug Activa 71% 11.5% -% 46.5% 28% -%
26-Aug to 31-Aug Criteria 74% 17% -% N/A N/A N/A
2-Sep to 10-Sep CIIR 75% 12% -% 65% 29% -%
3-Sep to 17-Sep MORI-FIEL 66% 15% -% 51% 27% -%
10-Sep to 12-Sep Activa 75.1% 11.2% -% 57% 23% -%
14-Sep to 18-Sep Numen 41.9% 34.3% -% N/A N/A N/A
25-Sep to 28-Sep Activa 66.8% 17.1% -% 53.3% 23.8% -%
15-Sep to 9-Oct DESOC-COES 65.9% 13% -% 48.4% 27.4% -%
25-Sep to 30-Sep Criteria 72% 19% -% 59% 28% -%
2-Oct to 5-Oct Data influye 69% 18% -% 61% 21% -%
1-Oct to 7-Oct Numen 57.9% 42.1% -% 38.5% 35% -%
6-Oct to 9-Oct Activa 65.4% 14.3% -% 56.2% 20.1% -%


Results[edit]

Ballot boxes in Olivar.
Vote taking place in Macul.
Chilean abroad voting in Stockholm.

First ballot: "Do you want a New Constitution?"[edit]

Choice Votes %
Approve 5,899,683 78.31%
Reject 1,634,506 21.69%
Valid votes 7,534,189 99.48%
Null votes 27,381 0.36%
Blank votes 12,344 0.16%
Total votes 7,573,914 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 14,855,719a[9] 50.98%
Voting age population/turnout 15,052,382 50.32%

a Includes 59,522 electors voting from abroad.
Source: Tricel.

Second ballot: "What kind of body should write the New Constitution?"[edit]

Choice Votes %
Mixed Constitutional Convention 1,492,260 20.82%
Constitutional Convention 5,673,793 79.18%
Valid votes 7,166,053 94.62%
Null votes 283,794 3.75%
Blank votes 123,277 1.63%
Total votes 7,573,124 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 14,855,719a[9] 50.98%
Voting age population/turnout 15,052,382 50.31%

a Includes 59,522 electors voting from abroad.
Source: Tricel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Romero, María Cristina (26 March 2020). "Presidente promulga reforma que posterga el Plebiscito para el 25 de octubre". Emol (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Krygier, Rachelle. "Chile to hold referendum on new constitution". Washington Post. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Chile agrees to hold referendum on constitution: 5 things to know". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Jubilation as Chile votes to rewrite constitution". 26 October 2020 – via www.bbc.com.
  5. ^ "Aprueban en Sala proyecto que posterga fecha del plebiscito constituyente". 24 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Evópoli decide pasar del apruebo a la libertad de acción ante plebiscito". El Líbero (in Spanish). 29 August 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Rodrigo Caramori en Radio Portales: proceso constituyente y plebiscito de abril". 30 December 2019.
  8. ^ ""Así No": la facción de Evópoli que este sábado defenderá su opción por rechazar el plebiscito". El Líbero (in Spanish). 21 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Padrón Electoral definitivo para este Plebiscito Nacional 2020" (in Spanish). Servicio Electoral de Chile. 26 August 2020. Retrieved 26 August 2020.

External links[edit]