2020 Democratic Party presidential debates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The 2020 Democratic Party presidential debates have taken place among candidates in the campaign for the Democratic Party's nomination for the president of the United States in the 2020 presidential election.

There have been a total of 29 major Democratic candidates. Of these, 22 candidates have participated in at least one debate. There are 12 active major candidates, 10 of whom have participated in at least one debate.

Overview[edit]

Sites of the first ten Democratic presidential debates; there will be twelve total (D1–D12) in 2019–20

Schedule[edit]

In December 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the preliminary schedule for 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020. Candidates are allowed to participate in forums featuring multiple other candidates as long as only one candidate appears on stage at a time; if candidates participate in any unsanctioned debate with other presidential candidates, they will lose their invitation to the next DNC-sanctioned debate.[1][2]

The debates scheduled to take place in the first four primary/caucus states (Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, and South Carolina) will all take place in 2020 rather than 2019.[1] The DNC also announced that it would not partner with Fox News as a media sponsor for any debates.[3][4] Fox News had last held a Democratic debate in 2003.[5] All media sponsors selected to host a debate will as a new rule be required to appoint at least one female moderator for each debate, to ensure there will not be a gender-skewed treatment of the candidates and debate topics.[6]

Debate schedule
Debate Date Time
(ET)
Viewers Location Sponsor(s) Moderator(s)
1A Jun. 26, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~24.3 million
(15.3m live TV; 9m streaming)[7]
Arsht Center,
Miami, Florida[8]
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
Jose Diaz-Balart
Savannah Guthrie
Lester Holt
Rachel Maddow
Chuck Todd[9]
1B Jun. 27, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~27.1 million
(18.1m live TV; 9m streaming)[10]
2A Jul. 30, 2019 8–10:30 p.m. ~11.5 million
(8.7m live TV; 2.8m streaming)
Fox Theatre,
Detroit, Michigan[11]
CNN Dana Bash
Don Lemon
Jake Tapper
2B Jul. 31, 2019[12] 8–10:30 p.m. ~13.8 million
(10.7m live TV; 3.1m streaming)[13]
3 Sep. 12, 2019 8–11 p.m. 14.04 million live TV[14] Health and Physical Education Arena,
Texas Southern University,
Houston, Texas[15]
ABC News
Univision
Linsey Davis
David Muir
Jorge Ramos
George Stephanopoulos
4 Oct. 15, 2019[16] 8–11 p.m. 8.34 million live TV[17] Rike Physical Education Center,
Otterbein University,
Westerville, Ohio
CNN
The New York Times[18]
Erin Burnett
Anderson Cooper
Marc Lacey
5 Nov. 20, 2019[19] 9–11 p.m. ~7.9 million
(6.6m live TV; 1.3m streaming)[20]
Oprah Winfrey sound stage,
Tyler Perry Studios,
Atlanta, Georgia[21]
MSNBC
The Washington Post
Rachel Maddow
Andrea Mitchell
Ashley Parker
Kristen Welker[22]
6 Dec. 19, 2019 8–11 p.m.[23] 6.17 million live TV[24] Gersten Pavilion,
Loyola Marymount University,
Los Angeles, California[25]
PBS
Politico
Tim Alberta
Yamiche Alcindor
Amna Nawaz
Judy Woodruff[26]
7 Jan. 14, 2020 9–11:15 p.m.[27] ~11.3 million
(7.3m live TV; 4.0m streaming)[28]
Sheslow Auditorium,
Drake University,
Des Moines, Iowa[29][30]
CNN
The Des Moines Register
Wolf Blitzer
Brianne Pfannenstiel
Abby Phillip[31]
8 Feb. 7, 2020 TBA St. Anselm College,
Manchester, New Hampshire[29]
ABC News
WMUR-TV
Apple News
TBA
9 Feb. 19, 2020 TBA Las Vegas, Nevada[29] NBC News
MSNBC
The Nevada Independent
TBA
10 Feb. 25, 2020 TBA Gaillard Center,
Charleston, South Carolina[29]
CBS News
CBC
TBA
11 TBA
12

Participation[edit]

The following is a table of participating candidates in each debate:

Participating candidates in the DNC-sanctioned debates[32][33][34][35][36][37][38]
Candidate

 P  Present  A  Absent  I  Invited  N  Not invited  Out  Not yet entered race  W  Withdrawn

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Michael Bennet P P N N N N N TBA
Joe Biden P P P P P P P
Michael Bloomberg Out N N
Pete Buttigieg P P P P P P P
John Delaney P P N N N N N
Tulsi Gabbard P P N P P N N
Amy Klobuchar P P P P P P P
Deval Patrick Out N N
Bernie Sanders P P P P P P P
Tom Steyer Out N N P P P P
Elizabeth Warren P P P P P P P
Andrew Yang P P P P P P N
Cory Booker P P P P P N N W
Marianne Williamson P P N N N N W
Julián Castro P P P P N N W
Kamala Harris P P P P P W
Steve Bullock N P N N N W
Joe Sestak Out N N N N W
Wayne Messam N N N N N W
Beto O'Rourke P P P P W
Tim Ryan P P N N W
Bill de Blasio P P N W
Kirsten Gillibrand P P W
Seth Moulton N N W
Jay Inslee P P W
John Hickenlooper P P W
Mike Gravel N N W
Eric Swalwell P W
Richard Ojeda W

Debates in 2019[edit]

First debates (June 26–27, 2019)[edit]

Qualification[edit]

To qualify for the first debates, entrants had to, at a minimum, achieve one of the two criteria listed. If this had resulted in more than 20 qualified candidates, the two criteria would have been evaluated in combination per an outlined set of tiebreaking rules, but since 20 candidates qualified, no tiebreaker was necessary.[39] The deadline for candidates to meet either of the below criteria was June 12.[40][41]

Summary[edit]

Democratic Party debates
First Democratic debates
HostNBC and MSNBC
Date(s)June 26, 2019
June 27, 2019
VenueArsht Center
LocationMiami, Florida
Lead moderatorLester Holt
Other moderatorsSavannah Guthrie
Chuck Todd
Rachel Maddow
Jose Diaz-Balart

The Democratic Party's first presidential debates ahead of the 2020 U.S. presidential election were held in two groups on June 26 and 27, 2019, in Miami, Florida.

Starting at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, they aired on NBC and were broadcast on radio by Westwood One. Lester Holt was the lead moderator of the debates, joined by Savannah Guthrie, Chuck Todd, Rachel Maddow, and Jose Diaz-Balart.

The DNC drew lots among the 20 qualified candidates for the first debate to determine whether they should debate on the first night (June 26) or second night (June 27) at the NBC News headquarters (30 Rockefeller Plaza) in New York City on June 14. The qualified candidates or their representatives were present and involved at the drawing event,[69] which was not televised.[70]

The debates took place at the Arsht Center in Miami, Florida. The first night of the debate was marked by a noted dust-up between O'Rourke and Castro on the subject of immigration, which Castro was widely perceived to have won, while Warren met expectations as a top-tier candidate. In addition, Booker and Klobuchar each had their moment in the spotlight, Klobuchar in particular being noted for her one-liners, one of which was about acknowledging that, for the first time in U.S. history, there were at least three women on stage at a presidential debate.[71][72] Gabbard took on Ryan over continuing the US presence in Afghanistan.[73] Booker, Castro, and O'Rourke all spoke Spanish at different times during the debate, which received mixed reception and was met with jokes from second-night competitors Williamson and Yang on Twitter.[74][75] On night two, Harris and Biden clashed over Biden's past comments about working with segregationist senators and his stance on desegregation busing.[76]

Night one candidates
Candidates
drawn for the
June 26 debate
Drawing tier[a] Polling
criterion
result[48]
Airtime (min.)[77]
Warren 1 16.3% (10 polls) 9.3
O'Rourke 1 10.3% (10 polls) 10.3
Booker 1 4.0% (10 polls) 10.9
Klobuchar 1 3.7% (10 polls) 8.5
Castro 1 2.0% (8 polls) 8.8
Gabbard 2 1.3% (8 polls) 6.6
Ryan 2 1.3% (9 polls) 7.7
Inslee 2 1% (7 polls) 5.0
de Blasio 2 1% (3 polls) 5.6
Delaney 2 1% (3 polls) 6.6
Average 4.2% 7.9
Night two candidates
Candidates
drawn for the
June 27 debate
Drawing tier[a] Polling
criterion
result[48]
Airtime (min.)[77]
Biden 1 37.7% (10 polls) 13.6
Sanders 1 26.7% (10 polls) 11.0
Buttigieg 1 13% (10 polls) 10.5
Harris 1 11% (10 polls) 11.9
Yang 2 1.7% (10 polls) 3.0
Gillibrand 2 1.3% (6 polls) 7.5
Hickenlooper 2 1.3% (5 polls) 5.2
Bennet 2 1% (3 polls) 8.1
Williamson 2 1%, (4 polls) 5.0
Swalwell 2 1% (3 polls) 4.3
Average 9.6% 8.0

Second debates (July 30–31, 2019)[edit]

Qualification[edit]

The criteria for qualifying for the second debates were the same as for the first debates.[78] To qualify for the second debates, debate entrants had to, at minimum, comply with one of the two below listed criteria.[39] Mike Gravel was not invited to the debates since he only met the donor threshold, which was given a lesser weight than the polling threshold.[79] The deadline for candidates to meet either of the below criteria was July 16.[80]

Summary[edit]

Democratic Party debates
Second Democratic debates
HostCNN
Date(s)July 30, 2019
July 31, 2019
VenueFox Theatre
LocationDetroit, Michigan
Lead moderatorJake Tapper
Other moderatorsDana Bash
Don Lemon

The Democratic Party's second presidential debates ahead of the 2020 U.S. presidential election were held on July 30 and 31, 2019, in Detroit, Michigan.

Starting at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, they aired on CNN and were broadcast on radio by Westwood One. Jake Tapper was the lead moderator of the debates, joined by Dana Bash and Don Lemon.

The drawing of lots among the 20 invited candidates to determine when they will debate was televised in prime time on July 18.[84] There were three tiers of candidates that were split between two nights, as opposed to the two tiers used in the first debates.[85]

In total, 21 candidates qualified for the second debate. The 14 candidates who met both criteria (Biden, Sanders, Warren, Harris, Buttigieg, O'Rourke, Booker, Klobuchar, Castro, Yang, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, and Williamson) and the six candidates who met the polling criterion only (Ryan, Hickenlooper, Delaney, de Blasio, Bennet, and Bullock) were invited to participate in the debate. Gravel, the one candidate to qualify by the donor criterion only, was not invited because of the 20-candidate limit and the polling criterion's precedence over the donor criterion as mandated by the DNC. The set of participants for the second debate was identical to the first debates with one exception: Bullock replaced Swalwell, who suspended his campaign between the first and second debates.[79]

The debate on July 30 featured Bullock, Buttigieg, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, O'Rourke, Ryan, Sanders, Warren and Williamson, while the debate on July 31 featured Bennet, Biden, Booker, Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Harris, Inslee and Yang.[33][86] Both debates took place at the Fox Theatre in Detroit, Michigan.

The overarching theme on the first night was a clash between moderates and progressives on a variety of issues, ranging from Medicare for All to electability.[87] CNN received criticism for allegedly inciting conflicts between candidates and making questions from Republican talking points, as well as enforcing the time limits too strictly.[88] The second night saw significant discussion centered on candidates' differing health care plans. Additionally, Gabbard went on the offensive against Harris.[89][90]

Night one candidates
Candidates
drawn for the
July 30 debate
Drawing tier[b] Polling
criterion
result[48]
Airtime (min.)[77]
Sanders 1 27% (19 polls) 17.6
Warren 1 19% (19 polls) 17.9
Buttigieg 2 13.3% (19 polls) 14.4
O'Rourke 2 10.3% (18 polls) 10.9
Klobuchar 2 4% (16 polls) 10.7
Hickenlooper 3 1.3% (9 polls) 8.8
Ryan 3 1.3% (9 polls) 9.8
Delaney 3 1.3% (8 polls) 10.3
Williamson 3 1% (8 polls) 8.9
Bullock 3 1% (4 polls) 10.8
Average 8% 12.0
Night two candidates
Candidates
drawn for the
July 31 debate
Drawing tier[b] Polling
criterion
result[48]
Airtime (min.)[77]
Biden 1 40.7% (19 polls) 21.2
Harris 1 17.7% (19 polls) 17.7
Booker 2 4.3% (19 polls) 12.8
Castro 2 2.7% (12 polls) 10.5
Yang 2 2% (18 polls) 8.7
Gabbard 3 1.3% (12 polls) 10.6
Gillibrand 3 1.3% (10 polls) 11.6
Inslee 3 1% (9 polls) 10.7
Bennet 3 1% (7 polls) 10.6
de Blasio 3 1% (4 polls) 9.7
Average 7.3% 12.4

Participation[edit]

Each of the first two debates took place during two consecutive nights, with a maximum of 10 candidates per night. The DNC, at a public event before each debate, drew lots among the qualified candidates to determine whether they shall debate on the first or second night.[91][92] This drawing procedure was designed to avoid the appearance of a "kiddie table" debate where the lowest polling candidates were grouped together with no leading candidates, which happened during the 2016 Republican Party presidential debates.[93]

Third debate (September 12, 2019)[edit]

Qualification[edit]

The third debate took place at the Health and Physical Education Arena on the campus of Texas Southern University in Houston, Texas. For participation in the third debate, candidates were required to meet both polling and fundraising criteria by August 28 (in comparison to the first and second debates, where only one criterion was necessary). Qualifying polls had to be released between June 28 and August 28.[94] Five candidates (Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, and Gillibrand) suspended their campaigns between the second and third debates.

On August 23, the Gabbard campaign criticized the DNC's purported lack of transparency in the process of selecting organizations/institutions to sponsor polls and how better-ranked polls were excluded. The campaign also highlighted the stark reduction in poll frequency, especially in early primary states,[95] after the second debate compared to after the first debate and how they believed that that was “particularly harmful” to candidates with lower name recognition.[96] The campaigns of Marianne Williamson,[97] Tom Steyer,[98] and Michael Bennet[99][100] also requested that the DNC increase the number of certified polls by expanding the list of certified poll sponsoring organizations.

Summary[edit]

Democratic Party debates
Third Democratic debate
HostABC News
Univision
Date(s)September 12, 2019
VenueHealth & Physical Education Arena
Texas Southern University
LocationHouston, Texas
Lead moderatorGeorge Stephanopoulos
Other moderatorsDavid Muir
Linsey Davis
Jorge Ramos

The Democratic Party's third presidential debate ahead of the 2020 U.S. presidential election took place on September 12, 2019 in Houston, Texas.

It aired on ABC News and Univision. George Stephanopoulos was the lead moderator of the debate, joined by David Muir, Linsey Davis, and Jorge Ramos.[118]

The candidates who qualified for the third debate were Biden, Booker, Buttigieg, Castro, Harris, Klobuchar, O’Rourke, Sanders, Warren, and Yang.[34]

Candidates Airtime (min.)[119]
Biden 17.4
Warren 16.5
Booker 14.7
Sanders 14.1
Harris 13.7
Buttigieg 11.4
Castro 11.0
Klobuchar 10.4
O'Rourke 9.3
Yang 7.9
Average 12.6

Fourth debate (October 15, 2019)[edit]

Qualification[edit]

A memo released by the DNC on August 5 indicated that the qualification period for the fourth debate in October started on June 28, which was the same day that qualification began for the third debate (in effect allowing all candidates who qualified for the third debate to automatically qualify for the fourth debate). This gave candidates who did not qualify for the September debate more time to qualify for the October debate.[120] Biden, Booker, Buttigieg, Castro, Harris, Klobuchar, O’Rourke, Sanders, Warren, and Yang qualified before August 22,[121] while Steyer and Gabbard qualified on September 8[122] and September 24 respectively.[123] The qualification deadline for the fourth debate was October 1, 2019.[124] One candidate (de Blasio) suspended his campaign between the third and fourth debates.[125]

Summary[edit]

Democratic Party debates
Fourth Democratic debate
HostCNN
The New York Times
Date(s)October 15, 2019
VenueRike Physical Education Center
Otterbein University
LocationWesterville, Ohio
Lead moderatorAnderson Cooper
Other moderatorsErin Burnett
Marc Lacey

The Democratic Party's fourth presidential debate was held on Tuesday October 15, 2019 in Westerville, Ohio,[126] from 8 to 11 p.m. EDT.[127] On September 27, the DNC announced that the debate would include all 12 candidates on one night, although some had assumed it would take place on two nights since it had more than 10 participants. From left to right, the candidates were: Gabbard (who missed the previous debate), Steyer (in his first debate), Booker, Harris, Sanders, Biden and Warren (who shared center stage), Buttigieg, Yang, O'Rourke, Klobuchar, and Castro. Podium order for the debate was determined based on an average of the 10 most recently released qualifying polls. CNN anchors Erin Burnett and Anderson Cooper and New York Times national editor Marc Lacey served as the debate moderators.[128]

The debate aired exclusively on CNN, CNN International and CNN en Español, and was streamed on CNN.com's homepage and NYTimes.com's homepage. The debate also streamed live on the following Facebook Pages: CNN, CNN International, CNN Politics, CNN Replay, AC360 and Erin Burnett OutFront.

In addition, the debate was available across mobile devices via CNN's and New York Times' apps for iOS and Android, via CNNgo apps for Apple TV, Roku, Amazon Fire, Chromecast and Android TV, SiriusXM Channels 116, 454 and 795, the Westwood One Radio Network and National Public Radio.[129]

The Ohio debate featured 12 candidates, setting a record for the highest number of candidates in one presidential debate.

Candidates Airtime (min.)[130]
Warren 22.8
Biden 16.7
Klobuchar 13.3
O'Rourke 13.2
Sanders 13.1
Buttigieg 13.0
Harris 12.4
Booker 11.7
Yang 8.5
Castro 8.4
Gabbard 8.4
Steyer 7.2
Average 12.4

Fifth debate (November 20, 2019)[edit]

Qualification[edit]

A memo released by the DNC on September 23 indicated that the qualification period for the November debate started on September 13, and ended on November 13. To qualify in terms of polling, candidates needed to reach three percent or more in four polls approved by the DNC. Alternatively, reaching five percent or more in two DNC-approved polls conducted in Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada or South Carolina was also accepted as meeting the polling threshold. To qualify in terms of donors, candidates needed to receive donations from 165,000 unique donors with 600 unique donors in 20 different states, territories or the District of Columbia.[131] Three candidates (Messam, O'Rourke, and Ryan) suspended their campaigns between the fourth and fifth debates.

Summary[edit]

Democratic Party debates
Fifth Democratic debate
HostMSNBC
The Washington Post
Date(s)November 20, 2019
VenueOprah Winfrey Soundstage 1,[21]
Van Horn Rd,[144]
Tyler Perry Studios
LocationAtlanta, Georgia
Other moderatorsRachel Maddow
Andrea Mitchell
Kristen Welker
Ashley Parker[22]

The Democratic Party's fifth presidential debate was held on November 20, 2019 from 9 to 11:20 p.m. ET,[22] at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia.[145][146][19] It was moderated by Rachel Maddow, Andrea Mitchell, Kristen Welker and Ashley Parker.[22]

The candidates who qualified were Biden, Booker, Buttigieg, Gabbard, Harris, Klobuchar, Sanders, Steyer, Warren and Yang.[36]

Candidates Airtime (min.)[147]
Warren 13.5
Buttigieg 12.9
Biden 12.8
Sanders 11.8
Booker 11.5
Harris 11.5
Klobuchar 11.0
Gabbard 9.2
Steyer 8.4
Yang 6.8

Sixth debate (December 19, 2019)[edit]

Qualification[edit]

A memo released by the DNC on October 25 indicated that the qualification period for the December debate started on October 16, and ended on December 12. To qualify in terms of polling, candidates had to reach four percent or more in four polls approved by the DNC. Alternatively, reaching six percent or more in two DNC-approved polls conducted in Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, or South Carolina was also accepted as meeting the polling threshold. To qualify in terms of donors, candidates had to receive donations from 200,000 unique donors with 800 unique donors in 20 different states, territories or the District of Columbia.[148]

Summary[edit]

Democratic Party debates
Sixth Democratic debate
HostPBS NewsHour
Politico
Date(s)December 19, 2019
VenueGersten Pavilion
Loyola Marymount University
LocationLos Angeles, California
Other moderatorsTim Alberta
Yamiche Alcindor
Amna Nawaz
Judy Woodruff[26]

The Democratic Party's sixth presidential debate was held on December 19, 2019 at 8 p.m. ET[37] at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, California,[25] and was hosted by PBS NewsHour and Politico.[161] It was initially set to be held at the University of California, Los Angeles.[162] However, the DNC announced on November 6 that UCLA was no longer hosting the debate due to a labor dispute.[163] Three candidates (Sestak, Bullock and Harris) suspended their campaigns between the fifth and sixth Democratic debates; Harris would have qualified for the sixth debate had her campaign continued.

Gabbard, a few days before failing to qualify for the debate,[37] announced on December 9 that she would not participate regardless of whether she qualifies.[164]

The debate aired on Politico.com, PBS, and CNN.[23]

The candidates who qualified were Biden, Buttigieg, Klobuchar, Sanders, Steyer, Warren and Yang.[37] Highlights included: an exchange between Buttigieg, Warren, and Sanders about campaign financing (including mention of a Buttigieg fundraiser in a Napa Valley wine cave), differences between Klobuchar and Buttigieg on the issue of experience, and a discussion about health care between Sanders and Biden. The candidates were in agreement about the impeachment of Donald Trump, which had been approved by the House of Representatives the day before. Sanders and Klobuchar had a disagreement about the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement, with the former opposed to and the latter in favor of ratification. Yang, the only candidate of color, expressed lament that Kamala Harris and Cory Booker were absent, and declared that his universal-basic-income proposal would diversify the field. Sanders, Biden, and Warren parried a question about age.[165][166] Steyer stated that climate change would be his top priority as president, and the issue was discussed at length by all the candidates.[167][168]

The Chinese government censored a live feed of the debate after moderator Judy Woodruff asked Pete Buttigieg if the U.S. should boycott the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing over China's alleged human rights abuses of Uyghur citizens.[169]

Candidates Airtime (min.)[170]
Sanders 20.5
Klobuchar 19.9
Warren 19.6
Buttigieg 19.6
Biden 15.5
Steyer 11.8
Yang 10.9

Debates in 2020[edit]

Seventh debate (January 14, 2020)[edit]

Qualification[edit]

A memo released by the DNC on December 20 indicated that the qualification period for the January debate started on November 14, 2019, and ended on January 10, 2020. A candidate needed to meet both polling and donor criteria. Candidates had to reach 5% or more in four polls approved by the DNC, or 7% or more in two DNC-approved polls conducted in Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, or South Carolina. In addition, candidates must have received donations from 225,000 unique donors, including 1,000 unique donors in 20 different states, territories or the District of Columbia.[171] The candidates who qualified were Biden, Buttigieg, Klobuchar, Sanders, Steyer and Warren.[38] This debate stage featured all of the candidates from the sixth debate except for Yang. Steyer qualified with 2 early-state polls on the penultimate day to qualify, while the other five all qualified much earlier. Yang and Booker met the fundraising criterion but failed to meet the polling criteria. Bloomberg met polling criteria but not the fundraising criterion, as he is not currently asking for donations.[172] Three candidates (Castro, Williamson and Booker) suspended their campaigns between the sixth and seventh debates, with Booker dropping out two days after the qualifying candidates were announced.

Summary[edit]

Democratic Party debates
Seventh Democratic debate
HostCNN
Des Moines Register
Date(s)January 14, 2020
VenueDrake University
LocationDes Moines, Iowa
Lead moderatorWolf Blitzer[31]
Other moderatorsBrianne Pfannenstiel
Abby Phillip[31]

The Democratic Party's seventh presidential debate was held from 8 to 10:15 p.m. CT[27] on Tuesday, January 14, 2020, at Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa. It was hosted by CNN and The Des Moines Register.[29] Several sources noted an exchange between Warren and Sanders. They discussed Warren's accusation that Sanders told her privately that women could not successfully win the presidency. Sanders flatly denied this accusation and pointed to his deference to Warren before running for President in 2016. Warren insisted that Sanders had said women could not win and pointed out that the women on stage had not lost any election, while the men on stage had lost 10 elections combined. [177]

At the end of the debate when candidates were shaking hands with one another, Warren was seen declining a handshake from Bernie Sanders; the two candidates then appeared to argue with each other. It was later revealed that Warren commented to Sanders, "I think you called me a liar on national TV." Sanders replied, "Let's not do it right now. You want to have that discussion, we'll have that discussion. You called me a liar."[178]

Candidates Airtime (min.)[179]
Warren 18.9
Sanders 17.8
Klobuchar 17.6
Buttigieg 16.7
Biden 16.3
Steyer 12.6

Eighth debate (February 7, 2020)[edit]

ABC's New Hampshire affiliate WMUR-TV and Apple News will host the eighth debate at Saint Anselm College in Manchester, New Hampshire.[180] The qualifications for the eighth debate are similar to those for the January debate (5% nationally/early states, or 7% in early states, this time excluding Iowa) except for the added provision that all candidates who gain at least one convention delegate in the Iowa caucus will also qualify for the debate.[181] Candidates have until February 6 to qualify.[182]

The debate may be rescheduled if the impeachment trial of Donald Trump "conflicts" with it.[183]

Qualification[edit]

Qualified candidates for the eighth debate
Candidate Met donor criterion
Met four-poll criterion
(as of January 17, 2020)[185]
Met early state polling criterion
(as of January 17, 2020)[185]
Met delegate threshold Qualified for debate Additional
Ref(s)
Biden Yes
(by July 3, 2019)
Yes
(11 qualifying polls)[d]
Yes
(5 qualifying polls)
Pending Yes [102][103]
Sanders Yes
(by February 20, 2019)
Yes
(11 qualifying polls)[d]
Yes
(5 qualifying polls)
Pending Yes [103][135]
Warren Yes
(by July 8, 2019)
Yes
(11 qualifying polls)[d]
Yes
(5 qualifying polls)
Pending Yes [103]
Buttigieg Yes
(by July 1, 2019)
Yes
(10 qualifying polls)[e]
Yes
(3 qualifying polls)
Pending Yes [103][150]
Klobuchar Yes
(by December 20, 2019)
Yes
(4 qualifying polls)[f]
Pending
(1 qualifying poll)
Pending Yes [174]
Steyer Yes
(by January 3, 2020)
Pending
(3 qualifying polls)[g]
Yes
(3 qualifying polls)
Pending Yes [186]
Bloomberg Pending[c] Yes
(4 qualifying polls)[h]
Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending Pending
Yang Yes
(by August 15, 2019)
Pending
(2 qualifying polls)[i]
Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending Pending [137][154]
Gabbard Pending
(216,751 donors by January 4, 2020)
Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending Pending [155][156][157]
Bennet Pending
(~28,000 donors on June 30, 2019)
Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending Pending [114]
Delaney Pending
(~8,000 donors on June 30, 2019)
Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending Pending [114]
Patrick Pending Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending
(0 qualifying polls)
Pending Pending

Ninth debate (February 19, 2020)[edit]

NBC News and MSNBC, in partnership with The Nevada Independent, will host the ninth debate in Las Vegas, Nevada.[180]

Tenth debate (February 25, 2020)[edit]

CBS News and the Congressional Black Caucus Institute will host the tenth debate at the Gaillard Center in Charleston, South Carolina. Twitter will be a debate partner.[180]

Incidents and controversies[edit]

Climate change debate[edit]

On April 22, 2019, Jay Inslee proposed that the DNC dedicate one of its presidential debates to climate change,[187] giving candidates a chance to elaborate in full detail on how they intend to implement climate action and achieve the goals presented by the Green New Deal (a progressive climate resolution proposed by Democratic members of congress in the House).[188] Recent polls of both Democratic voters and the electorate in general had identified this topic to be of the highest importance (for example, a CNN poll[189] found 80% of Democrats wanted presidential candidates to make climate change a top priority, and a Morning Consult poll[190] of registered voters nationwide found that 63% said it's either important or a top priority for Congress to pass a bill to address climate change). Despite support from seven other candidates (Sanders, Warren, Gillibrand, Castro, Bennet, Delaney[191] and Moulton[192]), several progressive and environmental groups (Sierra Club, CREDO Action, Sunrise Movement, Friends of the Earth Action, Public Citizen, 350 Action, MoveOn, Youth Climate Strike), at least two dozen Democratic lawmakers from the House and Senate,[188] and over 52,000 signatories of a petition,[193] the DNC turned down the idea of limiting some of their debates to only one debate topic.[194][2] On June 29, 2019, however, the DNC referred to a committee a proposal "calling for an official debate on climate change".[195] On August 22, the resolutions committee voted to reject the proposal.[196]

Bullock qualification for first debate[edit]

After Bullock received 1% in an open-ended ABC News/Washington Post poll, controversy arose as the DNC's official qualification rules, published and updated on February 14 and May 9 respectively,[39] did not state whether open-ended polls would count towards qualification. The DNC later stated during rule guidance given on June 10 and 11,[80] that "polls based on open-ended questions will not be considered". This additional rule was initially orally communicated between DNC chairman Tom Perez and the Bullock campaign in March 2019, and was only publicly confirmed via a statement to a Politico reporter on June 6,[42] but was never confirmed in writing by any primary DNC sources ahead of the qualification deadline.[197]

On June 12, the Bullock campaign wrote a certification letter to the DNC claiming that Bullock qualified for participation in the first debate through the polling criteria (as they believed an open-ended poll from ABC News/Washington Post should be counted as a third qualifying poll - according to the official published rules).[198] Had Bullock been ultimately determined to have qualified by the DNC, then 21 total candidates would have qualified by the polling criteria, which would have triggered the tiebreak rules, leading to Bullock and Swalwell being tied equally for the last 20th spot with 1% as the highest polling average and three polls with a result at minimum 1%. In that scenario, the DNC would either have had to accept inviting 21 candidates, or invent a supplementing final tiebreak rule (for example, drawing lots for the last spot, or deciding the further tie by their number of unique donors).[197] Ultimately, Bullock was determined not to have qualified for the first debate,[32] though he qualified for the second debate.[82]

Debate protests[edit]

In both the second and third debates, protestors began chanting and interrupting the debate until they were removed from the venue. On the second night of the second debate, protesters motivated by the death of Eric Garner and the continued employment of Staten Island police officer Daniel Pantaleo shouted during de Blasio's opening remarks, and then entirely halted Booker's, disrupting the debate for nearly 30 seconds.[199] During the closing statements for September 12, in which candidates were asked to recall moments of resilience after a professional setback, protesters interrupted Joe Biden for approximately two minutes. According to Jess Davidson, they shouted "we are DACA recipients; our lives are at risk!"[200] The Trump campaign accused the protesters of having insensitive timing.[201]

Gabbard disputes with DNC[edit]

Throughout the 2020 Democratic primaries, Gabbard and her campaign have been involved in controversies regarding both an alleged lack of transparency and alleged rigging by the DNC.

Pollster selection and poll frequency[edit]

On August 23, Gabbard's campaign protested the failure of the DNC to release "their criteria for selecting the 16 polling organizations they deem 'certified’" for qualifying candidates for the third debate and said that "For the sake of democracy, those decisions must be made openly, with clear and consistent standards and a sufficient window of opportunity for candidates to demonstrate genuine grassroots momentum and enthusiasm."[202] In the campaign's statement, they listed 26 polls where Gabbard reached the 2% threshold and alleged that certain "DNC-certified" polls were rated lower than non-certified polls by organizations such as the American Research Group and FiveThirtyEight, and questioned why only four qualifying polls were released following the second debate, while fourteen were released following the first debate; and why only two polls were released in the first two weeks after Gabbard's "break-out appearance" in the second debate while six polls were released in the first two weeks after the first debate.[96][203] The campaign further argued that the lack of polling was “particularly harmful to candidates with lower name-recognition.”[96] They called on the DNC to revise the set of polls it considers for qualifying, citing "numerous irregularities in the selection and timing of those polls," and also asked them "to hold true to their promise and make adjustments to the process now to ensure transparency and fairness."[204][205][206]

The Williamson campaign has also criticized the lack of polling since July.[205]

Craig Hughes, adviser to the Bennet campaign, wrote to DNC Chairman Tom Perez requesting clarification on the process of how qualifications were set and what those would be for the remaining debates. "To date, the DNC has not provided information on how or why its unprecedented debate qualification requirements were set nor what the criteria will be for the eight future debates."[207] Steyer has also criticized the party's rules regarding which polls qualified toward the debate threshold.[208]

FiveThirtyEight analyzed which candidates would qualify for the third debates if changes to the DNC's rule set were made. If all polls would be considered regardless of quality, Gabbard would qualify with 9 polls and Tom Steyer with 7 polls.[209]

Qualifying polls for October debate[edit]

On September 8, a Washington Post/ABC News poll was released. An initial report from ABC claimed that Gabbard had not received the 2% necessary for the poll to count as a qualifying poll, but the Gabbard campaign announced that she had indeed received the 2% necessary for the poll to count as a qualifying poll, citing the Washington Post figures directly.[210][211] To further complicate matters, FiveThirtyEight claimed that it had received confirmation from the DNC that the poll did not count for Gabbard but the Gabbard campaign countered by stating that no official DNC ruling had been stated and that FiveThirtyEight did not name their source from the DNC.[212][213][214] Presently, no official DNC ruling has been made, but it is important to note that previously DNC policy has been passed down orally, and only confirmed later by statements to the press, without any official ruling, as was done with the Bullock controversy above.

The confusion stems from the fact that the poll data was presented with two columns, one of "all" adults, and one of "registered" voters, even though the question was only asked to those who "leaned" toward the Democratic party. Gabbard had 1% in the "all" column and 2% in the "registered" column. An identical DNC approved poll conducted on July 1 was also located in the data, but it is unclear which category was used for the qualification for the debates, as no candidate had 2% in one category and 1% in the other, although FiveThirtyEight claims the above DNC source told them the sample for the "debate qualification will be the adult sample", and Politico used the "registered" column for their data compilation.[215][101] Gabbard later reached 2% in two other qualifying polls, allowing her to qualify for the fourth debate.[123]

Threatened boycotts[edit]

On October 10, Gabbard threatened to boycott the fourth debate, saying that she believed the DNC and the media were rigging the election.[216] On October 14, Gabbard announced that she would be attending the debate.[217] On December 9, Gabbard announced that she would boycott the sixth debate, and that instead she would be prioritizing campaigning in New Hampshire and South Carolina.[218] She failed to qualify for the sixth debate by the deadline, December 12.[219]

Yang disputes[edit]

Throughout the 2020 campaign, Yang and his campaign have had various disputes about debate qualification and media coverage.

Microphone complaints in first debate[edit]

Yang, along with Williamson and Swalwell, complained of microphone problems not allowing them to speak unless called upon when other candidates seemed to be able to freely interject at all times, though NBC/MSNBC denied the claim.[220] The issues spurred frustration from Yang supporters and prompted #LetYangSpeak to trend on Twitter much of the following day.[221]

Yang qualification for third debate[edit]

After Andrew Yang had received what he considered to be his fourth qualifying poll, the DNC revealed that qualifying polls conducted by different organizations would not be counted separately if they were sponsored by the same DNC-approved sponsor. The ruling was controversially disclosed by the DNC on July 30, less than one day after Andrew Yang had obtained 2% in four polls, rather than on July 19 when the second of these polls had been completed.[222] In spite of this, Yang qualified for the third debate.[34]

Yang disputes with MSNBC[edit]

In the fifth debate, Andrew Yang did not receive his first question until 32 minutes into the debate and spoke for considerably less time than all the other invited candidates.[223] Yang and his supporters criticized the network for what they saw as an undemocratic process, prompting #MSNBCfearsYang to trend on Twitter the following day.[224] MSNBC asked Yang to join an undisclosed program the weekend of November 24, but Yang said he would not appear until the network "apologizes on-air" and "discusses and includes [his] campaign consistent with [his] polling".[225] In the following hours, #BoycottMSNBC trended on Twitter.[226] Yang ended his self-imposed boycott on December 27 by going on the TV show All in with Chris Hayes, stating "I decided that I'd prefer to speak to as many Americans as possible - our message is too important" on Twitter.[227]

Yang qualification for seventh debate[edit]

Yang requested for the DNC to conduct more early state polls in December due to a lack of early state polling by qualifying pollsters. The DNC rejected this idea saying that conducting its own polls would call into question its impartiality.[228]

Sixth debate labor disputes[edit]

The sixth debate was initially set to be held at the University of California, Los Angeles.[162] However, the DNC announced on November 6 that UCLA was no longer hosting the debate due to a labor dispute.[163]

Due to a Sodexo worker strike at the new venue, Loyola Marymount University, Elizabeth Warren announced that she would not attend the debate unless the labor dispute was resolved. All of the other qualifying candidates (Biden, Buttigieg, Klobuchar, Sanders, Steyer, and Yang) then followed suit.[229][230] The dispute was resolved on December 17, allowing the debate to move forward.[231]

2020 debates rule change petition[edit]

Days before the December 2019 debate, for which Cory Booker did not qualify, he sent a petition to the other candidates' campaigns in which he urged the DNC to change the qualification requirements for the upcoming debates in 2020 so that more non-white candidates could participate. All candidates that qualified for the December debate as well as Julián Castro signed the petition. The DNC rejected the request to change the qualification criteria.[232][233] The petition cites the New Hampshire Democratic Party central committee which voted to urge the DNC to "lift the barriers" on participation in further debates.[234]

Seventh debate moderation controversies[edit]

During the seventh Democratic debate hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register, the wording of a series of questions from moderator Abby Phillip directed at senators Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren drew criticisms from various other news outlets and from supporters of Bernie Sanders. Following reports alleging that Sanders said to Warren in a 2018 private conversation that he did not believe that a woman could defeat Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential election, Sanders was given the question "CNN reported yesterday, and Senator Warren confirmed in a statement, that in 2018 you told her that you did not believe that a woman could win the election. Why did you say that?” Sanders stated in his reply "as a matter of fact, I didn't say it" and received the follow-up question from Phillip: "I do want to be clear here, you’re saying that you never told Senator Warren that a woman could not win the election?” to which Sanders replied "That is correct." Phillip's next question was directed at Elizabeth Warren, which was phrased: "Senator Warren, what did you think when Senator Sanders told you a woman could not win the election?"[235][236]

MSNBC hosts Mika Brzezinski and Donny Deutsch criticized the question, describing it as "bizarre" and "a miss" respectively.[237] Senior reporter at HuffPost Zach Carter stated that he believes CNN "botched" the debate[238] and Matt Taibi from Rolling Stone described the moderation as "shameful" and "villainous."[239] Jeet Heer from The Nation commented that CNN was "the biggest loser of the night."[240] Washington Examiner senior commentary writer Becket Adams described Phillip's question as "a hatchet job."[241] The controversy also led to negative reactions on social media.[242] The Twitter hashtag "#CNNisTrash" became a trend following the debate.[243]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The drawing of lots happened from two tier groups (with the top tier comprising all qualified candidates with a polling average of over 2%, and the other tier comprising the rest), so that each tier was evenly split between each of the two debate nights.[69]
  2. ^ a b The drawing of lots happened from three tier groups (with the top tier comprising all qualified candidates with a polling average of over 15%), so that each tier was evenly split between each of the two debate nights.
  3. ^ a b c Candidate is not collecting ordinary donations, and thus could only possibly meet the criteria through sales of campaign merchandise.[160]
  4. ^ a b c 6 from national (7 including pollster repeats); 5 from early states
  5. ^ 6 from national (7 including pollster repeats); 4 from early states
  6. ^ 2 from national; 2 from early states
  7. ^ 3 from early states
  8. ^ 4 from national (5 including pollster repeats)
  9. ^ 2 from national

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "DNC announces framework for the 2020 Democratic presidential primary debates (December 20, 2018)". Democratic National Committee. December 20, 2018. Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Perez, Tom (June 11, 2018). "Climate Change and the 2020 Debates". Medium. Archived from the original on June 12, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  3. ^ Fahri, Paul (March 6, 2019). "Democratic National Committee rejects Fox News for debates, citing New Yorker article". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  4. ^ Nielsen, Ella (May 11, 2019). "How DNC Chair Tom Perez plans to avoid the chaos of the GOP's 2016 debates". Vox. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  5. ^ Laslo, Matt. "Fox News is key to the 2020 election, whether liberals like it or not. Denying it a debate only hurts Democrats". NBC News. Archived from the original on March 7, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  6. ^ Gontcharova, Natalie (May 31, 2019). "Exclusive: DNC Requires Female Moderators At Every 2020 Debate". Refinery29. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  7. ^ Patten, Dominic (June 27, 2019). "Democratic Debate Night 1 Gets 15.3M Viewers Across NBC, MSNBC & Telemundo; 9M Watch Via Streaming – Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  8. ^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (May 10, 2019). "First Democratic presidential debate set for Miami's Arsht Center, host NBC News announces". NBC News. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  9. ^ Smith, Allan. "NBC announces five moderators for first Democratic debate" (June 11, 2019). NBC News. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  10. ^ Oprysko, Caitlin (June 28, 2019). "Thursday's debate ratings shatter previous Dem record, NBC says". Politico. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  11. ^ Spangler, Todd (June 11, 2019). "Detroit's Fox Theatre will host Democratic presidential debates in July". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  12. ^ Cole, Devan (April 2, 2019). "CNN's 2020 Democratic debate set for July 30-31 in Detroit". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  13. ^ Quint Forgey (August 1, 2019). "Night 2 of Detroit Dem debates drew 10.7 million viewers, well below June ratings". Politico. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  14. ^ Porter, Rick. "TV Ratings: Third Democratic Debate Scores Big". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  15. ^ Zach Despart (July 21, 2019). "TSU selected as site of September Democratic primary debate". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  16. ^ Zach Montellaro (September 27, 2019). "October Democratic debate will be on one night". Politico. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  17. ^ Porter, Rick. "TV Ratings: Fourth Democratic Debate Falls on CNN". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  18. ^ Astor, Maggie (September 13, 2019). "The Times and CNN Will Host the Next Democratic Debate in Ohio". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  19. ^ a b Galloway, Jim (October 25, 2019). "Democratic presidential debate on Nov. 20 headed for Tyler Perry's studio complex". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
  20. ^ Stelter, Brian (November 21, 2019). "MSNBC's Democratic debate was the least-watched so far". CNN. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  21. ^ a b Jim Galloway; Greg Bluestein; Tia Mitchell (November 11, 2019). "The Jolt: Democratic presidential candidates will debate in the Oprah Winfrey sound stage". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  22. ^ a b c d Gregorian, Dareh (October 23, 2019). "MSNBC names four renowned female journalists as moderators for November debate". NBC News. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  23. ^ a b Grace Panetta (December 17, 2019). "Here's who will be onstage for Thursday's Democratic debate co-hosted by PBS NewsHour and Politico, what time it starts, and how to watch". Business Insider. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
  24. ^ Porter, Rick. "Sixth Democratic Debate Hits Ratings Low for 2020 Cycle". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  25. ^ a b Quint Forgey (November 8, 2019). "New venue announced for December Democratic debate in Los Angeles". Politico. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  26. ^ a b Ted Johnson (November 27, 2019). "PBS & Politico Announce Moderators For Next Democratic Debate". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
  27. ^ a b "Des Moines Register, CNN moderators announced for Tuesday's Democratic presidential debate". USA Today. January 8, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  28. ^ Thorne, Will (January 15, 2020). "Seventh Democratic Debate Draws 7.3 Million Viewers on CNN, Beating Previous Two". Variety. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  29. ^ a b c d e Zach Montellaro (December 12, 2019). "DNC announces 2020 debates in four early states". Politico. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  30. ^ "7th Democratic Presidential Debate at Drake University". December 12, 2019. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  31. ^ a b c Blaine, Kyle (January 8, 2020). "CNN announces moderators for Iowa Democratic debate". CNN. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  32. ^ a b Montellaro, Zach; Cadelago, Christopher (June 14, 2019). "DNC, NBC announce first debate lineups". Politico. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  33. ^ a b Orion Rummler (July 18, 2019). "CNN sets lineups for second round of Democratic debates". Axios.
  34. ^ a b c Karson, Kendall (August 29, 2019). "Final lineup set for sole night of ABC Democratic primary debate". ABC News. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  35. ^ Scanlan, Quinn (October 2, 2019). "DNC announces 12-candidate, single night lineup for 4th presidential debate". ABC News. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  36. ^ a b Jessica Taylor (November 14, 2019). "10 Democratic Candidates Qualify For Next Week's November Debate". NPR. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  37. ^ a b c d "How to watch Thursday's Democratic presidential debate". CBS News. December 17, 2019. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
  38. ^ a b Zach Montellaro (January 11, 2020). "Next debate stage will be the smallest, whitest one yet". Politico. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  39. ^ a b c "DNC Announces Details For The First Two Presidential Primary Debates (February 14, 2019)". Democratic National Committee. May 9, 2019. Archived from the original on May 10, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  40. ^ Thomas, Ken (May 9, 2019). "Democrats Set Tiebreakers for Candidates to Qualify for 2020 Debates". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  41. ^ Tom Perez interview at CNN (June 1, 2019). DNC chair on gun violence: I fear things will never change (YouTube video). Retrieved June 4, 2019 – via YouTube.
  42. ^ a b c d e f g Montellaro, Zach (June 6, 2019). "Who's in — and out — of the first Democratic debates". Politico. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  43. ^ a b Wright, David (June 4, 2019) [May 9, 2019]. "Here's who has qualified for the Democratic primary debates". CNN. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  44. ^ a b Rakich, Nathaniel; Skelley, Geoffrey (June 6, 2019). "The Bottom Of The Democratic Field Is Making Moves, Too". 538. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  45. ^ a b Karson, Kendall (June 10, 2019). "20 presidential candidates qualify for first Democratic National Committee debates, reaching limit". ABC News. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  46. ^ a b Axelrod, Tal (June 10, 2019). "Whip list: Who's clinched a spot in the 2020 Democratic debates (updated June 10)". The Hill. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  47. ^ a b Montellaro, Zach (June 10, 2019). "Here are the qualifications for the first 2020 Democratic debates (updated June 10)". Politico. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  48. ^ a b c d e f Montellaro, Zach (July 15, 2019). "2020 Democratic polls, first and second debate (updated July 15)". Politico (Google Sheets). Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  49. ^ a b Blumenthal, Paul (April 26, 2019). "Joe Biden Raised $6.3 Million In His First 24 Hours In The Race". HuffPost. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h Evers-Hillstrom, Karl (April 3, 2019). "2020 Presidential Fundraising: Early first quarter numbers fall flat compared to Clinton, Obama". Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  51. ^ a b Wise, Justin (March 20, 2019). "O'Rourke raised $6.1 million from over 128,000 donors on campaign's first day". The Hill. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  52. ^ a b Demissie, Addisu [@ASDem] (May 4, 2019). "New day, new goals! Our average online donation over the past 48 hours is only *$11*. We blew past 65K thanks to you and are now so close to hitting *70K* donors—can you spare $1 (or $11) to help us cross the finish line?" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  53. ^ a b Tillett, Emily (April 15, 2019). "2020 Democratic presidential candidates reveal first quarter fundraising efforts". CBS News. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  54. ^ a b Gamboa, Suzanne (May 3, 2019). "Julián Castro gets 65,000 contributors needed to secure spot in 2020 presidential debates". NBC News. Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  55. ^ a b Yang, Andrew [@AndrewYang] (March 11, 2019). "We did it!!!! THANK YOU everyone who supported us to make it happen!!! 👍😀🇺🇸 First stop debates next stop White House!!!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  56. ^ a b Sukin, Gigi (April 11, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard hits donor goal, qualifying for primary debate". Axios. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  57. ^ a b Gillibrand, Kirstin [@SenGillibrand] (June 10, 2019). "Huge news: Over the weekend, we crossed 65,000 donors to our campaign—guaranteeing our spot at the first debates! I'm so grateful to everyone who's helping power this campaign. We have a lot more work to do in the months to come, but for now: Thank you" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  58. ^ a b Inslee, Jay [@JayInslee] (May 24, 2019). "Big news from the #ClimateStrike in Las Vegas: We've officially hit the 65,000 donor mark and secured a spot on the debate stage in June. Thank you to every single person who's brought us this far. Let's go get 'em and let's defeat climate change together" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  59. ^ a b Stewart, Briana (May 9, 2019). "Marianne Williamson's campaign says she's qualified for the first 2020 Democratic debate". ABC News. Archived from the original on May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  60. ^ a b Shepard, Steven; Montellaro, Zach (May 23, 2019). "Spirituality guru Marianne Williamson locks in 2020 debate spot". Politico. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  61. ^ a b Frazin, Rachel (June 4, 2019). "Michael Bennet meets polling criteria for first Democratic debates". The Hill. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  62. ^ a b Marsh, Julia (May 20, 2019). "De Blasio turns to Facebook ads in scramble to raise money". New York Post. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  63. ^ a b Rauh, Grace [@gracerauh] (May 20, 2019). "Mayor de Blasio is one step closer to the debate stage. He tells @errollouis he scored 1% in 3 qualifying polls, which is required. "On that measure we have sort of gotten to first base," de Blasio said. Campaign initially had been uncertain that a recent Reuters poll counted" (Tweet). Retrieved May 20, 2019 – via Twitter.
  64. ^ a b Rakich, Nathaniel (June 6, 2019). "How Steve Bullock Could Win The 2020 Democratic Primary (updated June 6)". 538. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  65. ^ Halaschak, Zachary (April 22, 2019). "Mike Gravel says he hopes to make it to Dem presidential debate stage". Washington Examiner. Archived from the original on April 23, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
  66. ^ Gravel, Sen Mike [@MikeGravel] (June 14, 2019). "Though we didn't qualify for June (we didn't expect to) we're more than on track to qualify for the July debates. Donations are surging and we expect to hit 65,000 by the end of the month or earlier. Our strategy will be shared with supporters soon! Find the press release here.pic.twitter.com/KEMt2qFfuN" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  67. ^ a b Prignano, Christina (June 7, 2019). "Seth Moulton says he won't make it on the first DNC debate stage". Boston Globe. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  68. ^ Blumberg, Antonia (January 25, 2019). "Richard Ojeda Drips Out of a Presidential Race After Giving Up State Senate Seat To Run". Retrieved November 22, 2019.
  69. ^ a b Clark, Dartunorro (June 14, 2019). "NBC announces lineup of Democrats for each night of first 2020 debate". NBC News. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  70. ^ Montellaro, Zach [@ZachMontellaro] (June 7, 2019). "Debate notes from @MajorCBS' convo with @TomPerez on @TakeoutPodcast (starts at about 20 mins in): Perez said we'll find out June 13 who qualified & "we're not planning" on televising the random draw but campaign reps will be there (h/t @POLITICO_Steve)" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  71. ^ Siders, David; Korecki, Natasha (June 27, 2019). "7 big takeaways from the first Democratic debate". Politico. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  72. ^ Galioto, Katie (June 27, 2019). "Klobuchar gets mixed reviews for debate performance". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  73. ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica (June 27, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard pushes anti-war message in first Democratic debate". CNN. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  74. ^ Ockerman, Emma; Leandra, Victoria (June 27, 2019). "The Democrats' Terrible Spanish, Ranked". VICE News. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  75. ^ Silverstein, Jason (June 27, 2019). "Spanish-speakers stand out at Democratic debate as O'Rourke, Booker, Castro show bilingual skills". CBS News. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  76. ^ "Kamala Harris, Joe Biden in tense exchange on busing at Democratic debate". NBC. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  77. ^ a b c d Davies, Emily; Fuchs, Hailey; Mellnik, Tim; Schaul, Kevin. "Who's talking most during the Democratic debate". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  78. ^ Alexandra D'Elia (April 3, 2019). "What do Democratic candidates need to make the first 2020 debates?". PBS Newshour. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  79. ^ a b Taylor, Jessica (July 17, 2019). "Second Democratic Primary Debate: See Which Candidates Made The Cut". NPR. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  80. ^ a b Jennifer Ridder (June 12, 2019). "Polling Method Certification for 2020 Democratic Primary Debates in June and July 2019". Form promulgated by DNC. Politico. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  81. ^ a b Thompson, Alex; McCaskill, Nolan D. (July 2, 2019). "Hickenlooper campaign in shambles". Politico. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  82. ^ a b Montellaro, Zach (June 18, 2019). "Bullock qualifies for July debate". Politico. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  83. ^ a b "Mike Gravel 2020 Donor Count". Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  84. ^ Michael N. Grynbaum (July 9, 2019). "Houston to Host Third Democratic Debate on ABC". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  85. ^ Montellaro, Zach (July 17, 2019). "DNC tinkers with format for next debates". Politico. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  86. ^ "Here Are the Lineup for the Second Democratic Debates in CNN". New York. July 18, 2019.
  87. ^ Nolan D. McCaskill (July 30, 2019). "Moderates go after progressives in Democratic debate". Politico. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  88. ^ German Lopez; P.R Lockhart; Dylan Matthews; Zack Beauchamp; Ella Nilsen (July 30, 2019). "3 winners and 4 losers from the first night of the July Democratic debates". Vox (website). Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  89. ^ David Siders; Steven Shepard (August 1, 2019). "5 revelations from the Biden pile-on in Detroit". Politico. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  90. ^ "RealClearPolitics - Election 2020 - 2020 Democratic Presidential Nomination". RealClearPolitics.
  91. ^ Smith, Allan (March 28, 2019). "NBC News: First Democratic debate set for Miami, June 26–27". NBC News. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  92. ^ Cole, Devan (April 2, 2019). "CNN's 2020 Democratic debate set for July 30-31 in Detroit". CNN. Archived from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  93. ^ Montellaro, Zach; Shepard, Steven (May 24, 2019). "Dems institute rule to prevent 'undercard' debate in June". Politico. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  94. ^ "DNC announces details for third presidential primary debate (May 29, 2019)". Democratic National Committee. May 29, 2019. Archived from the original on June 8, 2019. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  95. ^ Hains, Tim (August 29, 2019). "Gabbard Confirms She Will Not Run As Third-Party Candidate". Real Clear Politics. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  96. ^ a b c "Tulsi Gabbard's campaign wants the DNC to change debate qualifying poll requirements". ABC News Radio. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
  97. ^ Spangler, Todd; Aschbrenner, Annah (August 28, 2019). "As debate lineup solidifies, some 2020 Democrats cry foul over polling requirements". USA Today Star Press. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  98. ^ Axelrod, Tal (August 23, 2019). "Steyer calls on DNC to expand polling criteria for debates". The Hill. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  99. ^ Taylor, Jessica (August 29, 2019). "Debate Stage Cut In Half For 1-Night September Showdown". NPR. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  100. ^ Bennet, Michael (August 28, 2019). "Bennet for America" (PDF). Michael Bennet. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  101. ^ a b c Montellaro, Zach (July 28, 2019). "2020 Democratic polls, third and fourth debate (updated July 28)". Politico (Google Sheets). Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  102. ^ a b c d e f Saenz, Arlette (June 18, 2019). "Joe Biden announces massive $20 million raised as first debate approaches". CNN. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  103. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Frazin, Rachel (July 30, 2019). "DNC rejects Yang poll, leaving him off September debate stage". The Hill. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  104. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wright, David (June 14, 2019). "Here's who has qualified for the Democratic primary debates". CNN. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  105. ^ a b c Buck, Rebecca (July 29, 2019). "First on CNN: Booker reaches donor threshold for future debate". CNN. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  106. ^ a b Viser, Matt [@mviser] (April 10, 2019). "Beto O'Rourke's campaign, which previously announced they had 218k contributions in first quarter, tells me that came from 163k donors. So here's how everyone stacks up so far on number of donors: Sanders: 525k O'Rourke: 163k Buttigieg: 159k Harris: 138k Warren: 135k Yang: 80k" (Tweet). Retrieved July 1, 2019 – via Twitter.
  107. ^ a b c Vitali, Ali (August 2, 2019). "Klobuchar meets donor threshold, clinching spot in next Dem debate". NBC News. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  108. ^ a b c d Montellaro, Zach (August 8, 2019). "Yang surpasses Beto in Iowa, qualifies for fall debates". Politico. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  109. ^ a b c Sparks, Grace (August 20, 2019). "Julián Castro qualifies for September Democratic primary debates with new poll". CNN. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  110. ^ a b c Pramuk, Jacob (August 13, 2019). "Billionaire Tom Steyer has nearly spent his way to a spot in the third Democratic debate". CNBC. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
  111. ^ Zach Montellaro; Quint Forgey (August 20, 2019). "Castro becomes 10th candidate to qualify for fall debates". Politico. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  112. ^ a b Axelrod, Tal (August 2, 2019). "Gabbard reaches donor threshold for September debate". The Hill. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  113. ^ a b Williamson, Marianne [@marwilliamson] (August 20, 2019). "This morning we made it to the 130,000 unique donor mark!" (Tweet). Retrieved August 20, 2019 – via Twitter.
  114. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Detailed Maps of the Donors Powering the 2020 Democratic Campaigns". New York Times. August 2, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  115. ^ a b c Seth A. Richardson (July 12, 2019). "Tim Ryan raises $895k for presidential bid, significantly trailing rivals". Cleveland.com. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  116. ^ Inslee, Jay [@JayInslee] (August 19, 2019). "We did it. 130,000 donors rallying behind our #ClimateMission" (Tweet). Retrieved August 20, 2019 – via Twitter.
  117. ^ "Brave wins". Kirsten Gillibrand. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  118. ^ Kendall Karson (August 21, 2019). "ABC News announces details for 3rd Democratic primary debate". ABC News. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  119. ^ "Who talked the most during the third Democratic debate". Washington Post. September 12, 2019.
  120. ^ Zach Montellaro (August 6, 2019). "DNC rules could expand, not shrink, future debate stage". Politico. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  121. ^ Jordan McDonald (August 22, 2019). "2020 candidates face a critical debate deadline. Here's what happens if they miss it". NBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  122. ^ a b c Montellaro, Zach (September 8, 2019). "Tom Steyer qualifies for October debate". Politico. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  123. ^ a b c Stevens, Matt (September 24, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard Qualifies for Next Debate, Bringing Lineup to 12". The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  124. ^ Zach Montellaro (August 31, 2019). "Fourth Democratic debate scheduled for mid-October". Politico. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  125. ^ a b "Mayor Bill de Blasio: Why I'm ending my 2020 presidential campaign". NBC News. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  126. ^ "CNN and New York Times to co-host next Democratic presidential debate". CNN. September 13, 2019. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  127. ^ Kyle Blaine. "October Democratic debate to take place on one night". CNN. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  128. ^ Mark Preston (October 3, 2019). "Podium order announced for the CNN/New York Times Democratic presidential debate". CNN.
  129. ^ Sullivan, Kate (October 15, 2019). "How to watch the Democratic debate tonight". CNN. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  130. ^ Cai, Weiyi; Lee, Jasmine C.; Patel, Jugal K. (October 15, 2019). "Live Tracking Each Candidate's Speaking Time in the Democratic Debate". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  131. ^ Zach Montellaro (September 23, 2019). "DNC raises threshold to make November debate stage". Politico.
  132. ^ "DNC Announces Qualification Criteria For Fifth Presidential Primary Debate". Democratic National Committee. September 23, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  133. ^ a b @RalstonReports (November 1, 2019). "Big news: The DNC has decided that our @TheNVIndy poll conducted by @MarkMellman on the Democratic presidential race in Nevada will count as a qualifying poll for the November and December debates. Expect results soon. #WeMatter" (Tweet). Retrieved November 4, 2019 – via Twitter.
  134. ^ a b Montellaro, Zach. "2020 Democratic polls". Politico (Google Sheets). Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  135. ^ a b c d David Wright. "Bernie Sanders raises nearly $6 million in 24 hours after 2020 launch, campaign says". CNN.
  136. ^ Quint Forgey; Zach Montellaro (October 30, 2019). "Biden's lead over Warren shrinks by half in new 2020 poll". Politico. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  137. ^ a b c d Yang, Andrew [@andrewyang] (August 15, 2019). "We just passed 200,000 donors" (Tweet). Retrieved September 24, 2019 – via Twitter.
  138. ^ Zach Montellaro (October 24, 2019). "Klobuchar qualifies for November debate". Politico. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  139. ^ Gabbard, Tulsi (August 26, 2019). "Tulsi is coming back from active duty". Tulsi Gabbard on Facebook. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  140. ^ Martin Pengelly (September 29, 2019). "Cory Booker may quit 2020 race by Tuesday despite 'avalanche of support'". The Guardian. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  141. ^ The Debate Tracker [@TrackerDebate] (September 21, 2019). "Donor update: A @JulianCastro fundraising email says he is "inches" away from 175K donors" (Tweet). Retrieved September 23, 2019 – via Twitter.
  142. ^ a b c Kim, Soo Rin; Karson, Kendall (October 4, 2019). "Warren surpasses Biden in latest fundraising hall but falls short of Sanders". ABC News. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  143. ^ Katz, Josh (June 30, 2019). "Detailed Maps of the Donors Powering the 2020 Democratic Campaigns". New York Times. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  144. ^ Oprah Winfrey Sound Stage at Tyler Perry Studios will host November Democratic debate in Atlanta (Video clip). Tyler Perry Studios (Van Horn Rd): Youtube. November 4, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  145. ^ Greg Bluestein (October 8, 2019). "BREAKING: Georgia to host November presidential debate". Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  146. ^ Rachel Frazin (October 8, 2019). "Fifth DNC debate to be held Nov. 20 in Georgia". The Hill.
  147. ^ Cai, Weiyi; Lee, Jasmine C.; Patel, Jugal K. (November 20, 2019). "Live Tracking Each Candidate's Speaking Time in the Democratic Debate". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  148. ^ a b Montellaro, Zach (October 25, 2019). "DNC raises thresholds for December debate". Politico. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  149. ^ a b Montellaro, Zach. "2020 Democratic polls". Politico (Google Sheets). Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  150. ^ a b c Trent Spiner; Zach Montellaro (October 29, 2019). "Sanders leads, Biden slumps in N.H. poll". Politico. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  151. ^ a b c Montellaro, Zach [@ZachMontellaro] (October 26, 2019). "Two updates here: Klobuchar's campaign told @ec_schneider that she's crossed the 200,000 donor threshold. And Booker sent a fundraising email putting him at a bit over 178,000 donors" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  152. ^ a b Zach Montellaro (November 3, 2019). "Kamala Harris qualifies for December primary debate". Politico. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  153. ^ Zach Montellaro (December 3, 2019). "Tom Steyer qualifies for December debate". Politico. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  154. ^ a b c Jessica Taylor (December 10, 2019). "Andrew Yang Qualifies For December Debate, Bringing Diversity To Stage". NPR.org. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  155. ^ a b c "BREAKING: Tulsi qualifies for November debate - Official Tulsi Gabbard Website". TULSI2020.com. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
  156. ^ a b c Montellaro, Zach [@ZachMontellaro] (November 28, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard announces she has 200,000 unique contributors in an email to supporters, crossing the donor threshold for the December primary debate. She has until Dec. 12 to get four percent in one more DNC-approved poll to qualify for the debate stage" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  157. ^ a b c "Gabbard says she won't participate in next debate even if she qualifies". The Hill. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  158. ^ a b Axelrod, Tal (November 21, 2019). "Booker hits fundraising threshold for December debate after surge of post-debate donations". The Hill. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  159. ^ a b @TrackerDebate (December 5, 2019). ".@JulianCastro has met the donor threshold for the December debate. However, he is now in the same position as @CoryBooker, lacking any qualifying polls with just about a week left before the polling deadline" (Tweet). Retrieved December 5, 2019 – via Twitter.
  160. ^ Monterallo, Zach (November 25, 2019). "Why Bloomberg doesn't care about skipping the Democratic debates". Politico. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
  161. ^ Forgey, Quint (October 25, 2019). "POLITICO to partner with PBS NewsHour to host December Democratic debate". Politico. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  162. ^ a b "UCLA's Royce Hall will be site of December Democratic debate". UCLA Newsroom. October 29, 2019. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  163. ^ a b Quint Forgey (November 6, 2019). "DNC says UCLA will no longer host upcoming Democratic debate". Politico. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
  164. ^ Wulfsohn, Joseph (December 9, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard opts out of next Dem debate as poll deadline looms". Fox News. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  165. ^ Marc Caputo; Nolan D. McCaskill (December 19, 2019). "Wine caves, health care clashes and age attacks: Biggest debate moments". Politico. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  166. ^ Eric Bradner; Dan Merica (December 20, 2019). "8 takeaways from the sixth Democratic presidential debate". CNN. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  167. ^ Madeleine Carlisle; Tara Law; Josiah Bates (December 20, 2019). "7 Democrats Face Off In The Last Democratic Presidential Primary Debate of 2019: Highlights". Time. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  168. ^ Yelena Dzhanova; Lauren Hirsch; Kevin Breuninger; Tucker Higgins (December 20, 2019). "Here are the top moments from the sixth Democratic debate in Los Angeles". CNBC.
  169. ^ Ben Westcott; David Culver (December 20, 2019). "Chinese government cuts US Democratic debate feed during Xinjiang discussion". CNN World.
  170. ^ Cai, Weiyi; Lee, Jasmine C.; Smart, Charlie (December 19, 2019). "Live Tracking Each Candidate's Speaking Time in the Democratic Debate". The New York Times. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
  171. ^ Geoffrey Skelley (December 20, 2019). "Five Democrats Have Qualified For The January Debate — Who Else Might Make It?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  172. ^ a b c Montellaro, Zach. "2020 Democratic polls". Politico (Google Sheets). Retrieved January 9, 2020.
  173. ^ "DNC Announces Details For Seventh Democratic Presidential Primary Debate". DNC. December 20, 2019. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  174. ^ a b Epstein, Reid [@reidepstein] (December 20, 2019). "Deleted incorrect tweet. FIVE candidates are qualified for January. Biden/Bernie/Warren/Pete/Klobuchar are in. Yang needs two more 5%+ polls, Steyer needs three more by Jan 10 to qualify" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  175. ^ Zach Montellaro (January 9, 2020). "Surging Steyer qualifies for Democratic debate". Politico. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
  176. ^ "Julián Castro Ends Presidential Campaign".
  177. ^ "Democratic debate: Warren appears to reject handshake with Sanders after clash – as it happened". The Guardian. January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  178. ^ Kyle Blaine; Jeff Zeleny; Marshall Cohen. "Exclusive: Warren accused Sanders in tense post-debate exchange of calling her a 'liar' on national TV". CNN. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  179. ^ Cai, Weiyi; Leatherby, Lauren; Smart, Charlie (January 14, 2020). "Which Candidates Got the Most Speaking Time in the Democratic Debate". The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  180. ^ a b c Kendall Karson (December 12, 2019). "First 4 primary debates of 2020 announced, including ABC News debate in New Hampshire". ABC News. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  181. ^ Kendall Karson (January 17, 2020). "DNC outlines qualifying criteria for ABC News debate, adds new delegate threshold". ABC News. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  182. ^ Maggie Astor (January 17, 2020). "Democrats Can Qualify for the Next Debate by Winning a Single Delegate in Iowa". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  183. ^ Quint Forgey (January 7, 2020). "DNC says next debate will be rescheduled if it conflicts with impeachment trial". Politico. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  184. ^ "DNC Announces Qualification Criteria For New Hampshire Democratic Presidential Primary Debate". DNC. January 17, 2020. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  185. ^ a b Montellaro, Zach. "2020 Democratic polls". Politico (Google Sheets). Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  186. ^ Zach Montellaro (January 9, 2020). "Surging Steyer qualifies for Democratic debate". Politico. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
  187. ^ Inslee, Jay (April 22, 2019). "My Fellow Democratic Candidates for President: Let's Debate Climate Change". Medium. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  188. ^ a b Adragna, Anthony (May 29, 2019). "A climate debate could be risky for Dems — but many want it anyway". Politico. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  189. ^ "CNN/Des Moines Register/Mediacom Iowa Poll (embargoed for release: Saturday March 9)" (PDF). CNN. March 9, 2019. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  190. ^ "Morning Consult + Politico National Tracking Poll (Project 190534, May 17-19, 2019)". Politico. May 19, 2019. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  191. ^ Montellaro, Zach [@ZachMontellaro] (June 7, 2019). ".@JohnDelaney was in POLITICO HQ yesterday and I asked him about this, for what it's worth. He thinks there should be dedicated debates for climate change and health care" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  192. ^ Moulton, Seth [@sethmoulton] (June 7, 2019). ".@JayInslee is right, we need a climate debate. While we're at it, let's have a national security debate too. The American people deserve to hear all candidates' positions on these critical issues" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  193. ^ "Tell the Democratic National Committee: Hold a climate debate". CREDO Action. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  194. ^ Adragna, Anthony (June 5, 2019). "DNC opts against climate change debate, Inslee says". Politico. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  195. ^ Kaufman, Alexander C. (July 1, 2019). "Democrats To Consider Climate Debate Amid Mounting Pressure". HuffPost. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  196. ^ Benjamin Siegel (August 22, 2019). "Democratic Party officials oppose debate focused on climate change". ABC News. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  197. ^ a b Montellaro, Zach (June 13, 2019). "Gov. Bullock demands entry into first DNC debate". Politico. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  198. ^ Ridder, Jennifer (June 12, 2019). "Dear Chairman Perez". Politico. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  199. ^ Kashiwagi, Sydney (August 1, 2019). "Eric Garner supporters shout "fire Pantaleo," interrupting mayor, Cory Booker during Democratic debate". silive.com. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  200. ^ J. Clara Chan (September 12, 2019). "Protesters interrupt Joe Biden during third Democratic debate". The Wrap. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  201. ^ Ikowitz, Colby (September 12, 2019). "Trump campaign defends Biden from protesters". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  202. ^ Blair, Chad (August 23, 2019). "Gabbard Campaign Asks DNC To Revise Debate Criteria". Honolulu Civil Beat. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  203. ^ Rebeccca Klar (August 23, 2019). "Gabbard hits DNC over poll criteria for debates". The Hill. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
  204. ^ Spangler, Todd; Aschbrenner, Annah. "As debate lineup solidifies, some 2020 Democrats cry foul over polling requirements". The Star Press. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
  205. ^ a b Aschbrenner, Annah; Wu, Nicholas. "Lineup cut in half: Here's who made the third Democratic presidential debate". USA TODAY. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
  206. ^ "Gabbard campaign wants more transparency in Dem debate requirements". Indica News. August 25, 2019. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
  207. ^ Jessica Taylor (August 29, 2019). "Debate Stage Cut In Half For 1-Night September Showdown". NPR. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  208. ^ Axelrod, Tal (August 23, 2019). "Steyer calls on DNC to expand polling criteria for debates". The Hill. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  209. ^ Skelley, Geoffrey (August 30, 2019). "What If The Third Debate Were Based On Different Polls?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  210. ^ Langer, Langer (September 8, 2019). "Warren gains, Harris slips -- and the room for movement is vast". ABC News. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  211. ^ @CullenYossarian (September 9, 2019). "@Tulsi Gabbard's Campaign Announces Third Qualifying Poll for October Debate" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  212. ^ Skelley, Geoffrey (September 9, 2019). "Who Will Make The Fourth Democratic Debate?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  213. ^ @Geofferyvs (September 8, 2019). "Just got confirmation from DNC that the ABC/WaPo figure that counts toward debate qualification will be the adult sample, just as it was with ABC/WaPo's July poll" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  214. ^ Cocke, Sophie (September 9, 2019). "Gabbard says she's closer to the debate stage,despite national reports to the contrary". StarAdvertiser. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  215. ^ Marisa Schultz (September 8, 2019). "Sept. 2-5, 2019 Washington Post-ABC News poll". Washington Post. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  216. ^ Beatrice Peterson; Justin Gomez (October 10, 2019). "Gabbard threatens to boycott upcoming debate". ABC News. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  217. ^ Budryk, Zack (October 14, 2019). "Gabbard says she will attend debate after threatening boycott". The Hill. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  218. ^ Keeley, Matt (December 9, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard Declines to Join December Democratic Debate Regardless of Qualification". Newsweek. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  219. ^ "7 candidates qualify for DNC presidential primary debate". CNN Wire Service. December 14, 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  220. ^ Jared Gilmour (June 28, 2019). "Andrew Yang says mic was cut during Democratic debate, but NBC denies muting him". Miami Herald. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  221. ^ Caitlin Oprysko (June 28, 2019). "#LetYangSpeak: Andrew Yang accuses NBC of cutting off his mic". Politico. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  222. ^ Frazin, Rachel (June 30, 2019). "Yang campaign slams DNC over poll qualification criteria for September debate". The Hill. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  223. ^ Hickey, Walt (November 24, 2019). "Presidential contender Andrew Yang has had considerably low speaking times at Democratic debates compared to his strong polling". Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  224. ^ Johnson, Marty (November 23, 2019). "Yang to MSNBC: Apologize 'on-air' for lack of speaking time during debate". Retrieved November 24, 2019.,
  225. ^ @AndrewYang (November 24, 2019). "MSNBC thinks we need them. We don't" (Tweet). Retrieved November 24, 2019 – via Twitter.
  226. ^ Brigham, Bob. "#BoycottMSNBC trends on Twitter as Yang Gang rips the network's coverage of the 2020 campaign". The Raw Story. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  227. ^ Dorman, Sam (December 27, 2019). "Andrew Yang ends self-imposed MSNBC boycott, wants to reach 'as many Americans as possible'". Fox News. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  228. ^ Alexa Lardieri (December 30, 2019). "DNC Denies Andrew Yang's Request for More Polls Before January Debate". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  229. ^ Wang, Amy. "Several Democratic candidates threaten to skip next week's presidential debate in Los Angeles". Washington Post. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  230. ^ Jacob Pramuk (December 13, 2019). "All the 2020 Democrats in next week's debate threaten to skip event, refuse to cross picket line". CNBC. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  231. ^ Quint Forgey; Laura Barrón-López (December 17, 2019). "Democratic debate to move forward after tentative agreement in labor fight". Politico. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
  232. ^ Axelrod, Tal (December 14, 2019). "Booker leads other 2020 Dems in petition urging DNC to change debate qualifications". The Hill. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  233. ^ Cramer, Ruby (December 14, 2019). "The Top Democratic Candidates Are Urging The DNC To Change Its Debate Rules". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  234. ^ DiStaso, John (December 12, 2019). "NH Primary Source: NHDP push to expand debate diversity gains traction at state chairs group meeting". WMUR. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  235. ^ "CNN draws fire for debate question that ignores denial". www.msn.com. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  236. ^ Swanson, Ian (January 15, 2020). "CNN moderator criticized for question to Sanders". TheHill. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  237. ^ "Morning Joe: Abby Phillip's Question to Warren Was a Miss". Mediaite. January 15, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  238. ^ Carter, Zach (January 15, 2020). "CNN Completely Botched The Democratic Debate". HuffPost. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  239. ^ Taibbi, Matt; Taibbi, Matt (January 15, 2020). "CNN's Debate Performance Was Villainous and Shameful". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  240. ^ Heer, Jeet (January 15, 2020). "CNN Has It In for Bernie". ISSN 0027-8378. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  241. ^ "CNN eager to back Elizabeth Warren in dispute first reported by ... CNN". Washington Examiner. January 15, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  242. ^ "CNN blasted for 'siding' with Warren after Sanders denied sexism charge | Fox News". www.foxnews.com. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  243. ^ "#CNNisTrash trending for perceived bias against Bernie Sanders at Democratic debate". www.yahoo.com. Retrieved January 16, 2020.