2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

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2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

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1,885 of 3,769[a] pledged delegate votes needed to win the presidential nomination at the convention's first ballot.[1]
(2,268 of all 4,535[b] delegate votes needed to win any subsequent ballots at a contested convention)[1]

Previous Democratic nominee

Hillary Clinton



The 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries and caucuses will be a series of electoral contests organized by the Democratic Party to select the approximately 3,769[a] pledged delegates to the Democratic National Convention, who, by pledged votes, shall elect the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in the 2020 U.S. presidential election.[2] The elections are scheduled to take place from February to June 2020, within all fifty U.S. states, the District of Columbia, five U.S. territories, and Democrats Abroad.

Independently of the result of primaries and caucuses, the Democratic Party will, from its group of party leaders and elected officials, also appoint 765[b] unpledged delegates (superdelegates) to participate in its national convention. In contrast to all previous election cycles, superdelegates will no longer have the right to cast decisive votes at the convention's first ballot for the presidential nomination (limiting their voting rights to either non-decisive votes on the first ballot or decisive votes for subsequent ballots on a contested convention).[2][3][4]

20 major candidates remain in the race for the 2020 Democratic Party presidential nomination, as seven have withdrawn so far. This is the largest field of presidential candidates for any political party in the post-reform era of American history,[c] exceeding the field of 17 major candidates that sought the Republican presidential nomination in 2016.[6]

Background[edit]

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, many felt the Democratic Party lacked a clear leader.[7] There remained divisions in the party following the 2016 primaries which pitted Clinton against Bernie Sanders.[8][9] Between the 2016 election and the 2018 midterm elections, Senate Democrats have generally shifted to the political left in relation to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration.[10][11]

Soon after the 2016 general election, the division between Clinton and Sanders supporters was highlighted in the 2017 Democratic National Committee chairmanship election between Tom Perez and Keith Ellison.[12] Perez was narrowly elected Chairman and subsequently appointed Ellison as the Deputy Chair, a largely ceremonial role.[10][11] Several candidates released serious policy proposals early in 2019 resulting in the "invisible primary" being more visible than in previous elections.[citation needed] The number of candidates running for the presidency is the largest in "modern history".[13]

Reforms since 2016[edit]

On August 25, 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) members passed reforms to the Democratic Party's primary process in order to increase participation[14] and ensure transparency.[15] State parties are encouraged to use a government-run primary whenever available and increase the accessibility of their primary through same-day or automatic registration and same-day party switching. Caucuses are required to have absentee voting, or to otherwise allow those who cannot participate in person to be included.[14]

The new reforms also regulate how the Democratic National Convention shall handle the outcome of primaries and caucuses for three potential scenarios:[2][4]

  1. If a single candidate wins at least 2,268 pledged delegates: Superdelegates will be allowed to vote at first ballot, as their influence can not overturn the majority of pledged delegates.
  2. If a single candidate wins 1,886-2,267 pledged delegates: Superdelegates will be barred from voting at first ballot, which solely will be decided by the will of pledged delegates.
  3. If no candidate wins more than 1,885 pledged delegates: This will result in a contested convention, where superdelegates are barred from voting at the first formal ballot, but regain their right to vote for their preferred presidential nominee for all subsequent ballots needed until the delegates reach a majority.

The reforms mandate that superdelegates refrain from voting on the first presidential nominating ballot, unless a candidate via the outcome of primaries and caucuses already has gained enough votes (more than 50% of all delegate votes) among only the elected pledged delegates. The prohibition for superdelegates to vote at the first ballot for the last two mentioned scenarios, does not preclude superdelegates from publicly endorsing a candidate of their choosing before the convention.[4]

In a contested convention where no majority of minimum 1,886 pledged delegate votes is found for a single candidate in the first ballot, all superdelegates will then regain their right to vote on any subsequent ballot necessary in order for a presidential candidate to be nominated (raising the majority needed for such to 2,267 votes).[2][4]

Candidates[edit]

Declared candidates[edit]

In addition to having filed with the Federal Election Commission to run for president in the Democratic Party primary in 2020 and having confirmed this by an official campaign announcement (while still campaigning actively as of today), the 20 remaining major candidates have either: (a) held public office, (b) been included in a minimum of five independent national polls, or (c) received substantial media coverage.[16][17][18][19][20][21]

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Michael Bennet Official Photo (cropped).jpg
Michael Bennet
November 28, 1964
(age 54)
New Delhi, India
U.S. senator from Colorado (2009–present) Flag of Colorado.svg
Colorado
Michael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: May 2, 2019
FEC filing[22]
[23]
Joe Biden 2013.jpg
Joe Biden
November 20, 1942
(age 76)
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Vice President of the United States (2009–2017)
U.S. senator from Delaware (1973–2009)
Democratic candidate for President in 1988 and 2008
Flag of Delaware.svg
Delaware
Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: April 25, 2019
FEC filing[24]
[25]
Cory Booker, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg
Cory Booker
April 27, 1969
(age 50)
Washington, D.C.
U.S. senator from New Jersey (2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (2006–2013)
Flag of New Jersey.svg
New Jersey
Cory Booker 2020 Logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: February 1, 2019
FEC filing[26]
[27]
Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Steve Bullock
April 11, 1966
(age 53)
Missoula, Montana
Governor of Montana (2013–present)
Chair of the National Governors Association (2018–2019)
Attorney General of Montana (2009–2013)
Flag of Montana.svg
Montana
Steve Bullock 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: May 14, 2019
FEC filing[28]
[29][30]
Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Pete Buttigieg
January 19, 1982
(age 37)
South Bend, Indiana
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana (2012–present)
Democratic nominee for Indiana Treasurer in 2010
Flag of Indiana.svg
Indiana
Pete for America logo (Strato Blue).svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee: January 23, 2019
Campaign: April 14, 2019

FEC filing[31]
[32]
Julián Castro's Official HUD Portrait (cropped).jpg
Julián Castro
September 16, 1974
(age 45)
San Antonio, Texas
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas (2009–2014)
Flag of Texas.svg
Texas
Julian Castro 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
December 12, 2018
Campaign: January 12, 2019

FEC filing[33]
[34]
Bill de Blasio by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Bill de Blasio
May 8, 1961
(age 58)
Manhattan, New York
Mayor of New York City, New York (2014–present) Flag of New York.svg
New York
Bill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: May 16, 2019
FEC filing[35]
[36]
John Delaney 113th Congress official photo (cropped) 2.jpg
John Delaney
April 16, 1963
(age 56)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. representative from MD-06 (2013–2019) Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
John Delaney 2020 logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: July 28, 2017
FEC filing[37]
[38]
Tulsi Gabbard, official portrait, 113th Congress (cropped 3).jpg
Tulsi Gabbard
April 12, 1981
(age 38)
Leloaloa, American Samoa
U.S. representative from HI-02 (2013–present) Flag of Hawaii.svg
Hawaii
Tulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaign logo black.svg
Campaign
Campaign: January 11, 2019
FEC filing[39]
[40]
Kamala Harris official photo (cropped).jpg
Kamala Harris
October 20, 1964
(age 54)
Oakland, California
U.S. senator from California (2017–present)
Attorney General of California (2011–2017)
Flag of California.svg
California
Kamala Harris 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: January 21, 2019
FEC filing[41]
[42]
Amy Klobuchar, official portrait, 113th Congress (cropped 2).jpg
Amy Klobuchar
May 25, 1960
(age 59)
Plymouth, Minnesota
U.S. senator from Minnesota (2007–present) Flag of Minnesota.svg
Minnesota
Amy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: February 10, 2019
FEC filing[43]
[44]
Wayne Messam by Marc Nozell (cropped).jpg
Wayne Messam
June 7, 1974
(age 45)
South Bay, Florida
Mayor of Miramar, Florida (2015–present) Flag of Florida.svg
Florida
Wayne Messam 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
March 13, 2019
Campaign: March 28, 2019

FEC filing[45]
[46]
Beto O'Rourke April 2019.jpg
Beto O'Rourke
September 26, 1972
(age 46)
El Paso, Texas
U.S. representative from TX-16 (2013–2019)
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senate from Texas in 2018
Flag of Texas.svg
Texas
Beto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: March 14, 2019
FEC filing[47]
[48]
Rep. Tim Ryan Congressional Head Shot 2010 (cropped 3).jpg
Tim Ryan
July 16, 1973
(age 46)
Niles, Ohio
U.S. representative from OH-13 (2013–present)
U.S. representative from OH-17 (2003–2013)
Flag of Ohio.svg
Ohio

Timryan2020.png
Campaign


Campaign: April 4, 2019
FEC filing[49]
[50]
Bernie Sanders.jpg
Bernie Sanders
September 8, 1941
(age 78)
Brooklyn, New York
U.S. senator from Vermont (2007–present)
U.S. representative from VT-AL (1991–2007)
Mayor of Burlington, Vermont (1981–1989)
Democratic candidate for President in 2016
Flag of Vermont.svg
Vermont
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: February 19, 2019
FEC filing[51]
[52]
Congressman Sestak Official Congressional headshot.jpg
Joe Sestak
December 12, 1951
(age 67)
Secane, Pennsylvania
U.S. representative from PA-07 (2007–2011)
Democratic nominee (in 2010) and candidate (in 2016) for U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
Pennsylvania

Campaign
Campaign: June 22, 2019
FEC filing[53]
[54]
Tom Steyer by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Tom Steyer
June 27, 1957
(age 62)
Manhattan, New York
Hedge fund manager
Founder of Farallon Capital
Flag of California.svg
California
Tom Steyer 2020 logo (black text).svg
Campaign
Campaign: July 9, 2019
FEC filing[55]
[56]
Elizabeth Warren, official portrait, 114th Congress (cropped)(2).jpg
Elizabeth Warren
June 22, 1949
(age 70)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
U.S. senator from Massachusetts (2013–present)
Special Advisor to the President for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (2010-2011)
Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
December 31, 2018
Campaign: February 9, 2019

FEC filing[57]
[58]
Marianne Williamson Profile.jpg
Marianne Williamson
July 8, 1952
(age 67)
Houston, Texas
Author
Founder of Project Angel Food
Independent candidate for U.S. House from CA-33 in 2014
Flag of Iowa.svg
Iowa
Marianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
November 15, 2018
Campaign: January 28, 2019

FEC filing[59]
[60]
Andrew Yang by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Andrew Yang
January 13, 1975
(age 44)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur
Founder of Venture for America
Flag of New York.svg
New York
Andrew Yang 2020 logo.png
Campaign
Campaign: November 6, 2017
FEC filing[61]
[62]

Beside these major candidates, more than 250 other candidates who did not meet the criteria above to be deemed major also filed with the Federal Election Commission to run for president in the Democratic Party primary.[63] Other notable candidates who remain active in the campaign include:

Withdrew before the primaries[edit]

The candidates in this section have withdrawn or suspended their campaigns before the primary elections began.

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign
announced
Campaign
suspended
Article Ref.
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
Richard Ojeda
September 25, 1970
(age 48)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia state senator from WV-SD07 (2016–2019)
Nominee for U.S. representative from WV-03 in 2018, candidate in 2014
Flag of West Virginia.svg
West Virginia
November 11, 2018 January 25, 2019
Campaign
FEC filing[78]
[79][80]
Eric Swalwell 114th official photo (cropped).jpg
Eric Swalwell
November 16, 1980
(age 38)
Sac City, Iowa
U.S. representative from CA-15 (2013–present) Flag of California.svg
California
April 8, 2019 July 8, 2019
(running for re-election)
Eric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[81]
[82][83]

Mike Gravel
May 13, 1930
(age 89)
Springfield, Massachusetts
U.S. senator from Alaska (1969–1981)
Democratic and Libertarian candidate for President in 2008
Flag of California.svg
California
April 2, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 19, 2019
April 1, 2019
August 6, 2019
(co-endorsed Sanders and Gabbard)[84]
Gravel Mg web logo line two color.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[85]
[86][84]
John Hickenlooper by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Hickenlooper
February 7, 1952
(age 67)
Narberth, Pennsylvania
Governor of Colorado (2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado (2003–2011)
Flag of Colorado.svg
Colorado
March 4, 2019 August 15, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)[87]
John Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
FEC filing[88]
[89][90]
Jay Inslee official portrait (cropped 2).jpg
Jay Inslee
February 9, 1951
(age 68)
Seattle, Washington
Governor of Washington (2013–present)
U.S. representative from WA-01 (1999–2012)
U.S. representative from WA-04 (1993–1995)
Flag of Washington.svg
Washington
March 1, 2019 August 21, 2019
(running for re-election)[91]
Jay Inslee 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[92]
[93][94]
Seth Moulton (cropped 2).jpg
Seth Moulton
October 24, 1978
(age 40)
Salem, Massachusetts
U.S. representative from MA-06 (2015–present) Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
April 22, 2019 August 23, 2019
(running for re-election)[95]

Campaign
FEC filing[96]
[97][98]
Kirsten Gillibrand, official photo, 116th Congress (cropped).jpg
Kirsten Gillibrand
December 9, 1966
(age 52)
Albany, New York
U.S. senator from New York (2009–present)
U.S. representative from NY-20 (2007–2009)
Flag of New York.svg
New York
March 17, 2019
Exploratory committee: January 15, 2019
March 16, 2019
August 28, 2019 Gillibrand 2020 logo.png
Campaign
FEC filing[99]
[100][101]

Declined to be candidates[edit]

These individuals have been the subject of speculation, but have publicly denied or recanted interest in running for president.

Political positions of candidates[edit]

Debates[edit]

In December 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the preliminary schedule for 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020. Candidates are allowed to participate in forums featuring multiple other candidates as long as only one candidate appears on stage at a time; if candidates participate in any unsanctioned debate with other presidential candidates, they will lose their invitation to the next DNC-sanctioned debate.[185][186]

If any debates will be scheduled to take place with a location in the first four primary/caucus states (Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, and South Carolina), the DNC has decided such debates, at the earliest, will be held in 2020.[185] The DNC also announced that it would not partner with Fox News as a media sponsor for any debates.[187][188] Fox News had last held a Democratic debate in 2003.[189] All media sponsors selected to host a debate will as a new rule be required to appoint at least one female moderator for each debate, to ensure there will not be a gender skewed treatment of the candidates and debate topics.[190]

Debate schedule
Debate Date Time
(ET)
Viewers Location Sponsor(s) Moderator(s) Ref(s)
1A Jun 26, 2019 9–11 pm ~24.3 million
(15.3m live TV; 9m streaming)
Arsht Center,
Miami, Florida
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
Jose Diaz-Balart
Savannah Guthrie
Lester Holt
Rachel Maddow
Chuck Todd
[191][192]
[193][194]
1B Jun 27, 2019 9–11 pm ~27.1 million
(18.1m live TV; 9m streaming)
2A Jul 30, 2019 8–10:30 pm ~11.5 million
(8.7m live TV; 2.8m streaming)
Fox Theatre,
Detroit, Michigan
CNN Dana Bash
Don Lemon
Jake Tapper
[195][196][197][198]
2B Jul 31, 2019 8–10:30 pm ~13.8 million
(10.7m live TV; 3.1m streaming)
3 Sep 12, 2019 8–11 pm 14.04 million live TV Health and Physical Education Arena,
Texas Southern University,
Houston, Texas
ABC News
Univision
Linsey Davis
David Muir
Jorge Ramos
George Stephanopoulos
[199][200][201]
4 Oct 15–16, 2019 TBA Otterbein University
Westerville, Ohio
CNN
The New York Times
Erin Burnett
Anderson Cooper
Marc Lacey
[202]
5 Nov 2019 TBA
6 Dec 2019
7 Jan–Apr 2020
8
9
10
11
12


Primary election polling[edit]

The following graph depicts the evolution of the standing of each candidate in the poll aggregators since December 2018.

Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Joe
Biden
Elizabeth
Warren
Bernie
Sanders
Kamala
Harris
Pete
Buttigieg
Andrew
Yang
Cory
Booker
Beto
O'Rourke
Others Undecided[e]
270 to Win Sep 18, 2019 Sept 11 – Sep 17, 2019 29.2% 20.8% 17.5% 5.8% 5.5% 2.7% 2.8% 2.7% 7.9%[f] 5.1%
RealClear Politics Sep 18, 2019 Sep 5 – Sep 17, 2019 27.9% 17.7% 16.1% 6.0% 5.7% 3.3% 2.7% 3.1% 8.0%[g] 9.5%
The Economist Sep 18, 2019 Aug 23 – Sep 17, 2019 27.6% 18.7% 15.8% 6.3% 6.1% 3.5% 2.9% 2.1% 5.7%[h] 11.3%
The New York Times Sep 18, 2019 Aug 25 – Sep 10, 2019 26% 16% 17% 6% 5% 3% 2% 3% N/A[i] N/A
10at10 Sep 18, 2019 Sep 8 – Sep 17, 2019 28.3% 16.1% 16.5% 5.8% 5.0% 2.7% 3.3% 3.0% N/A[j] 11.1%
Average 28.3% 18.3% 16.5% 6.0% 5.6% 3.1% 2.9% 2.7% 7.3%[k] 9.3%


Timeline[edit]

Overview[edit]

Active
campaign
Exploratory
committee
Withdrawn
candidate
Midterm
elections
Debate
Iowa
caucuses
Super
Tuesday
Democratic
convention
Richard Ojeda 2020 presidential campaignEric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaignMike Gravel 2020 presidential campaignJohn Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaignJay Inslee 2020 presidential campaignSeth Moulton 2020 presidential campaignKirsten Gillibrand 2020 presidential campaignAndrew Yang 2020 presidential campaignMarianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaignElizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaignTom Steyer 2020 presidential campaignJoe Sestak 2020 presidential campaignBernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaignTim Ryan 2020 presidential campaignBeto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaignWayne Messam 2020 presidential campaignAmy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaignKamala Harris 2020 presidential campaignTulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaignJohn Delaney 2020 presidential campaignBill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaignJulián Castro 2020 presidential campaignPete Buttigieg 2020 presidential campaignSteve Bullock 2020 presidential campaignCory Booker 2020 presidential campaignJoe Biden 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign

2017[edit]

John Delaney was the first major candidate to announce his campaign, two and a half years before the 2020 Iowa caucus.

In the weeks following the election of Donald Trump in the 2016 election, media speculation regarding potential candidates for the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries began to circulate. As the Senate began confirmation hearings for members of the cabinet, speculation centered on the prospects of the "hell-no caucus”, six senators who went on to vote against the majority of Trump's nominees. According to Politico, the members of the "hell-no caucus" were Cory Booker, Kamala Harris, Kirsten Gillibrand, Bernie Sanders, Jeff Merkley, and Elizabeth Warren.[203][204] Other speculation centered on then-Vice-President Joe Biden making a third presidential bid following failed attempts in 1988 and 2008. Biden had previously served as U.S. senator from Delaware (1973–2009).[205]

2018[edit]

Entrepreneur Andrew Yang was the second Democrat to announce his campaign.

In August 2018, Democratic Party officials and television networks began discussions as to the nature and scheduling of the following year's debates and the nomination process.[208] Changes were made to the role of superdelegates, deciding to only allow them to vote on the first ballot if the nomination is uncontested.[209] The Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the preliminary schedule for the 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020.

On November 6, 2018, the 2018 midterm elections were held. The election was widely characterized as a "blue wave" election. Mass canvassing, voter registration drives and deep engagement techniques drove turnout high. Despite this, eventual presidential candidates U.S. Representative Beto O'Rourke of Texas and State Senator Richard Ojeda of West Virginia both lost their respective races.[210]

August

  • August 25: The Democratic Party began planning debates[208] and eliminated first ballot decisive votes for superdelegates.[209]

November

December

2019[edit]

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard announced her candidacy on January 11, 2019.
Sen. Kamala Harris launched her bid on January 21, 2019.
Sen. Elizabeth Warren launched her bid on February 9, 2019
Sen. Bernie Sanders launched his second campaign on February 19, 2019.
Rep. Beto O'Rourke launched his bid on March 14, 2019.
Mayor Pete Buttigieg launched his campaign on April 14, 2019.
Former Vice President Joe Biden launched his third campaign on April 25, 2019.

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

Primary and caucus calendar[edit]

Democratic primary and caucus calendar by currently scheduled date
  February
  March 3 (Super Tuesday)
  March 10
  March 17
  March 24
  April 4–7
  April 28
  May
  June
  No scheduled 2020 date

The following primary and caucus dates have been scheduled by state statutes or state party decisions, but are subject to change pending legislation, state party delegate selection plans, or the decisions of state secretaries of state:[297]

The 57 states, districts, territories, or other constituencies with elections of pledged delegates to decide the Democratic presidential nominee, currently plan to hold the first major determining step for these elections via 50 primaries[l] and seven caucuses (Iowa, Nevada, Wyoming, and four territories).[297] The number of states holding caucuses decreased from 14 in the 2016 nomination process to only three in 2020.[306][307]

National convention[edit]

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is scheduled to take place in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on July 13–16, 2020.[308][309][310]

In addition to Milwaukee, the DNC also considered bids from three other cities: Houston, Texas;[311] Miami Beach, Florida;[312] and Denver, Colorado. Denver, though, was immediately withdrawn from consideration by representatives for the city, who cited scheduling conflicts.[313]

Endorsements[edit]

Campaign finance[edit]

This is an overview of the money being raised and spent by each campaign for the entire period running from January 1, 2017 to June 30, 2019, as it was reported to the Federal Election Commission (FEC). Total raised are the sum of all individual contributions (large and small), loans from the candidate, and transfers from other campaign committees. The last column, Cash On Hand (COH), has been calculated by subtracting the "spent" amount from the "raised" amount, thereby showing the remaining cash each campaign had available for its future spending as of June 30, 2019.

  Withdrawn candidate
Candidate Campaign committee (January 1, 2017 to June 30, 2019)
Total raised Ind. contrib. ≤$200
donations
(as % of
ind.contrib)
Debt Spent COH
Bennet[314] $3,506,968 $2,801,086 23.86% $0 $1,313,723 $2,193,245
Biden[315] $22,043,829 $21,966,174 37.86% $0 $11,146,762 $10,897,067
Booker[316] $12,470,615 $9,510,888 21.14% $292,760 $7,110,109 $5,360,506
Bullock[317] $2,071,211 $2,069,244 22.44% $0 $580,989 $1,490,222
Buttigieg[318] $32,337,554 $32,318,673 48.78% $0 $9,668,682 $22,668,872
Castro[319] $4,126,778 $4,105,011 60.27% $0 $2,990,724 $1,136,053
de Blasio[320] $1,087,564 $1,087,564 9.11% $71,196 $359,044 $728,520
Delaney[321] $26,329,775 $1,965,261 9.56% $16,193,250 $18,909,206 $7,442,612
Gabbard[322] $6,062,974 $3,513,728 61.10% $68,698 $3,624,419 $2,438,555
Harris[323] $25,090,548 $23,819,355 40.93% $331,441 $11,818,587 $13,272,360
Klobuchar[324] $12,710,254 $9,103,517 35.20% $0 $6,000,134 $6,710,120
Messam[325] $93,813 $93,813 29.76% $81,876 $62,666 $31,146
O'Rourke[326] $13,638,614 $13,014,591 55.02% $48,074 $8,679,539 $5,243,891
Ryan[327] $889,398 $864,758 29.67% $0 $554,340 $335,058
Sanders[328] $46,348,282 $36,209,379 76.87% $0 $19,079,232 $27,269,050
Sestak did not file
Steyer did not file
Warren[329] $35,654,984 $25,177,888 67.45% $0 $15,873,821 $19,781,162
Williamson[330] $3,068,836 $3,065,750 65.42% $302,366 $2,522,799 $547,892
Yang[331] $5,374,484 $5,210,783 67.60% $0 $4,426,824 $847,659
Gillibrand[332] $14,899,167 $5,275,623 25.98% $0 $6,658,510 $8,240,656
Gravel[333] $209,261 $209,261 96.71% $0 $94,612 $114,649
Hickenlooper[334] $3,172,776 $3,163,584 14.68% $0 $2,336,499 $836,276
Inslee[335] $5,308,245 $5,302,008 45.06% $171,991 $4,122,615 $1,185,630
Moulton[336] $1,940,003 $1,248,344 23.87% $98,019 $1,215,626 $724,378
Ojeda[337] $119,478 $77,476 62.91% $44,373 $117,476 $2,002
Swalwell[338] $2,586,128 $877,745 38.05% $10,398 $2,057,387 $528,741

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The overall number of pledged delegates is subject to change as possible penalty/bonus delegates (awarded for each states scheduled election date and potential regional clustering) are not yet included.[1]
  2. ^ a b The number of extra unpledged delegates (superdelegates), who after the first ballot at a contested convention participates in any subsequently needed nominating ballots (together with the 3,769 pledged delegates), was expected to be 765 as of August 2019, but the exact number of superdelegates is still subject to change due to possible deaths, resignations, accessions, or potential election as a pledged delegete.[1]
  3. ^ Prior to the electoral reforms taking effect starting with the 1972 presidential elections, the Democrats used elite-run state conventions to choose convention delegates in two-thirds of the states, and candidates for the presidential nominee could be elected at the national convention of the party without needing to participate in any prior statewide election events.[5] In this pre-1972 era, the record number of presidential candidates appeared at the 1924 Democratic National Convention, where 29[6] had announced their candidacy ahead of the convention and a record of 58 candidates received delegate votes during the 103 nominating ballots of the 17 day long convention. In the post-reform era after 1968, over three-quarters of the states used primary elections to choose delegates, and over 80% of convention delegates are selected in these primaries.[5]
  4. ^ a b c d This individual is not a member of the Democratic Party, but has been the subject of speculation or expressed interest in running under this party.
  5. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  6. ^ Gabbard with 1.6%; Klobuchar with 1.5%; Castro with 1.0%; Williamson with 0.8%; Bennet, Steyer, and Ryan with 0.6%; Bullock, Delaney, and de Blasio with 0.4%; Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  7. ^ Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1.3%; Castro with 1.1%; Steyer with 0.8%; Bennet with 0.7%; Delaney with 0.6%; Bullock, Ryan, and Williamson with 0.5%; Sestak with 0.4%; de Blasio with 0.3%; Messam with 0.0%
  8. ^ Gabbard with 1.2%; Klobuchar with 1.0%; Castro with 0.9%; de Blasio and Williamson with 0.5%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Ryan, and Steyer with 0.3%; Messam with 0.1%; Sestak with 0.0%
  9. ^ Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with <1%; Messam and Sestak with 0%. Total "Others" vote not listed.
  10. ^ Gabbard with 1.4%; Klobuchar with 1.3%; Castro with 1.2%; Steyer with 0.7%; Total "Others" vote not listed.
  11. ^ Gabbard with 1.4%; Klobuchar with 1.3%; Castro with 1.1%; Steyer and Williamson with 0.6%; Bennet and Ryan with 0.5%; Bullock, Delaney, and de Blasio with 0.4%; Sestak with 0.1%; Messam with 0.0%
  12. ^ 5 out of 50 primaries are not state-run but party-run. "North Dakota Firehouse caucuses" is the official name of their event, but it's held as a party-run primary and not a caucus in 2020. Democrats Abroad likewise conduct their election as a party-run primary, with their pledged delegates allocated at later conventions solely on basis of the proportional result of their party-run primary. The last three states with party-run primaries are Alaska, Kansas and Hawaii.[305][306]

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