2020 Egyptian parliamentary election

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Parliamentary elections are scheduled to be held in Egypt in November 2020 to elect both the House of Representatives and Senate.[1]

Date[edit]

The elections were initially expected to be held in April or May 2020.[2] President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi ordered parliament to freeze its activities on 1 October 2019 and placed the National Security Agency (NSA) in charge of creating lists of candidates, with the rationale being that the General Intelligence Directorate (GID), which selected candidates in the previous election, had not done a satisfactory job.[3] The For the Love of Egypt list was closely associated with the GID.[4]

Background[edit]

The Shura Council, previously the upper house of parliament, was abolished following the promulgation of the 2014 constitution.[5][6] However, amendments to the constitution approved in a 2019 referendum reinstated an upper house named the Senate, which would consist of 120 elected members and 60 appointed by the president.[7]

Parties[edit]

Many different figures, including Zyad Elelaimy, Hisham Fouad, Omar El-Shenety and Hossam Moanis, were arrested on 25 June 2019 on charges of "bringing down the state"; however, the people involved were part of an alliance called the Coalition of Hope that was considering contesting the parliamentary election.[8] Other organizations involved in the alliance included the Civil Democratic Movement.[9] One source indicated that the reason for the arrests was the unwillingness of the alliance to cooperate with the NSA.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff writer (24 November 2019). "Parliament speaker: Legislative elections to be held in Nov. 2020". Egypt Today. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  2. ^ "الطريق إلى مجلس الشيوخ يحتاج 3 قوانين.. تعرف عليها". اليوم السابع. 26 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b "A presidential directive to freeze Parliament". Mada Masr. 2019-10-01. Archived from the original on 2019-10-01. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
  4. ^ "Anatomy of an election". Mada Masr. 14 March 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  5. ^ "50 member constitution committee eliminates Shura Council". Ahram Online. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Egypt constitution 'approved by 98.1 percent'". Al Jazeera English. 18 January 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  7. ^ Gamal Essam El-Din (15 April 2019). "Frequently Asked Questions about parliament's proposed amendments of Egypt's 2014 constitution". Ahram Online. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Arrests target political figures involved in new coalition to run in 2020 parliamentary elections". Mada Masr. 25 June 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  9. ^ "Egypt arrests 8, including ex-lawmaker and secular activists". Associated Press. 25 June 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.