2020 Egyptian parliamentary election

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2020 Egyptian parliamentary election

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A chart showing the number of elected and appointed MPs seats in the Egyptian Parliament, 2020
  Parliament members elected by individual system in the first phase: 142 seats
  Members of Parliament elected by the list system in the first phase: 142 seats
  Parliament members elected by the individual system of the second phase: 142 seats
  Members of Parliament elected by the list system in the second phase: 142 seats
  Members of Parliament appointed by the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt: 28 seats
A map of Egypt showing the governorates of the 1st and 2nd phases during the elections for the Egyptian House of Representatives (First Chamber of Parliament) 2020
  Governorates of the first phase: 14 Governorates
= as next: Giza, Fayoum, Beni Suef, Minya, Assiut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan, Red Sea, Alexandria, Beheira, Matrouh
  Governorates of the second phase: 13 Governorates
= as next: Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Menoufia, Gharbia, Kafr El Sheikh, Sharqia, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, South Sinai
* The total number of governorates in Egypt = 27 Governorates

Parliamentary elections were held in Egypt on 24–25 October and 7–8 November 2020 to elect the House of Representatives.[1]

Date[edit]

The elections were initially expected to be held in April or May 2020.[2] President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi ordered parliament to freeze its activities on 1 October 2019 and placed the National Security Agency (NSA) in charge of creating lists of candidates as the General Intelligence Directorate (GID) had not satisfactorily selected candidates in the previous election.[3] The For the Love of Egypt list was closely associated with the GID.[4]

Date Phase Eligible voters
21–23 October Round 1 of the first phase for citizens abroad Alexandria, Giza, Beheira, Matruh, Faiyum, Beni Suef, Minya, Asyut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan and Red Sea citizens who reside abroad
24–25 October Round 1 of the first phase for citizens in Egypt Alexandria, Giza, Beheira, Matruh, Faiyum, Beni Suef, Minya, Asyut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan and Red Sea citizens
4–6 November Round 1 of the second phase for citizens abroad Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Monufia, Sharqia, Gharbiya, Kafr El Sheikh, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai and South Sinai citizens who reside abroad
7–8 November Round 1 of the second phase for citizens in Egypt Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Monufia, Sharqia, Gharbiya, Kafr El Sheikh, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai and South Sinai citizens
21–23 November Round 2 of the first phase for citizens abroad Alexandria, Giza, Beheira, Matruh, Faiyum, Beni Suef, Minya, Asyut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan and Red Sea citizens who reside abroad
23–24 November Round 2 of the first phase for citizens in Egypt Alexandria, Giza, Beheira, Matruh, Faiyum, Beni Suef, Minya, Asyut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan and Red Sea citizens
4–6 December Round 2 of the second phase for citizens abroad Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Monufia, Sharqia, Gharbiya, Kafr El Sheikh, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai and South Sinai citizens who reside abroad
7–8 December Round 2 of the second phase for citizens in Egypt Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Monufia, Sharqia, Gharbiya, Kafr El Sheikh, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai and South Sinai citizens

The final results will be announced by the National Elections Authority on 14 December 2020.

Electoral system[edit]

A total of 568 seats will be elected in a form of parallel voting; 284 of them will be elected using a two-round system in 142 constituencies and the other 284 will be elected using party lists in four constituencies.

PR Constituencies[edit]

# Constituency name No. of seats Governorates Election date
1 Cairo, Central and Southern Delta 100 Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Monufia, Gharbiya, Kafr El Sheikh 7–8 November
2 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 100 Giza, Faiyum, Beni Suef, Minya, Asyut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan, Red Sea 24–25 October
3 Western Delta 42 Alexandria, Beheira, Matruh 24–25 October
4 Eastern Delta 42 Sharqia, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, South Sinai 7–8 November

TR Constituencies[edit]

# Name No. of constituencies No. of TR seats PR constituency Election date
1 Cairo 19 31 Cairo, Central and Southern Delta 7–8 November
2 Giza 12 25 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
3 Dakahlia 10 21 Cairo, Central and Southern Delta 7–8 November
4 Sharqia 8 21 Eastern Delta 7–8 November
5 Beheira 9 18 Western Delta 24–25 October
6 Alexandria 6 16 Western Delta 24–25 October
7 Qalyubia 6 16 Cairo, Central and Southern Delta 7–8 November
8 Minya 6 16 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
9 Sohag 8 14 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
10 Gharbia 7 14 Cairo, Central and Southern Delta 7–8 November
11 Asyut 4 12 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
12 Monufia 6 11 Cairo, Central and Southern Delta 7–8 November
13 Kafr El Sheikh 4 10 Cairo, Central and Southern Delta 7–8 November
14 Faiyum 4 10 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
15 Qena 4 9 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
16 Beni Suef 4 8 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
17 Aswan 4 5 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
18 Ismailia 3 5 Eastern Delta 7–8 November
19 Damietta 2 4 Eastern Delta 7–8 November
20 Luxor 3 3 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
21 Red Sea 3 3 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
22 New Valley 2 2 Northern, Central and Southern Upper Egypt 24–25 October
23 Matruh 2 2 Western Delta 24–25 October
24 Port Said 2 2 Eastern Delta 7–8 November
25 North Sinai 2 2 Eastern Delta 7–8 November
26 South Sinai 2 2 Eastern Delta 7–8 November
27 Suez 2 2 Eastern Delta 7–8 November
Total 143 284

Parties[edit]

One alliance that will contest the election, called the National Unified Coalition, includes the Nation's Future Party, New Wafd Party, the Homeland Defenders Party, Modern Egypt Party, the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, the Republican People's Party, the Reform and Development Misruna Party, Tagammu, the Generation's Will, the Egyptian Freedom, the Justice, and the Conference Party parties.[5] Other lists include the Call of Egypt and the Sons of Egypt.[6]

Many different figures, including Zyad Elelaimy, Hisham Fouad, Omar El-Shenety and Hossam Moanis, were arrested on 25 June 2019 on charges of "bringing down the state"; however, the people involved were part of an alliance called the Coalition of Hope that was considering contesting the parliamentary election.[7] Other organizations involved in the alliance included the Civil Democratic Movement.[8] One source indicated that the reason for the arrests was the unwillingness of the alliance to cooperate with the NSA.[3]

Process[edit]

First Phase[edit]

Percentage of voting in the first phase of the Egyptian House of Representatives elections (1st Chamber of Parliament) 2020[9][10][11][12][13]
  The percentage of those who attended to vote: 28.06%
= 9,069,729 voters
  The percentage of those who did not vote: 71.94%
= 22,649,495 citizens
* The total number of registered voters in the governorates of the first phase = 31,719,224 citizens
Diagram showing the result of the first phase of the 2020 Egyptian House of Representatives elections (first Chamber of Parliament)[14][15][16][17][18][19]
  The number of seats that were decided in the list system at the first phase: 142 seats
  The number of seats that (have not been decided) and will be contested again in the list system at the first phase: none
  The number of seats that were decided in the individual system at the first phase: 32 seats
  The number of seats that (have not been decided) and will be contested again in the individual system at the first phase: 110 seats

Number of seats for women[edit]

and political parties they belong to in the 1st phase of the House of Representatives elections in Egypt; detailed in diagram:[20][21][22]

Number of seats for women and political parties that they belong to in the first phase of the House of Representatives elections (the first chamber of parliament) in Egypt 2020
  Nation's Future Party: 27 seats
  New Wafd Party: 8 seats
  Independents: 6 seats
  Conference Party: 3 seats
  Modern Egypt Party: 2 seats
  Justice Party: 1 seat
  Egyptian Freedom Party: 1 seat

Second Phase[edit]

Percentage of voting in the second phase of the Egyptian House of Representatives elections (1st Chamber of Parliament) 2020[23][24][25][26]
  The percentage of those who attended to vote: 29.50%
= 9,289,166 voters
  The percentage of those who did not vote: 70.50%
= 22,148,961 citizens
* The total number of registered voters in the governorates of the second phase = 31,438,127 citizens
Diagram showing the result of the second phase of the 2020 Egyptian House of Representatives elections (first Chamber of Parliament)[27][28][29][30][31][32][33]
  The number of seats that were decided in the list system at the second phase: 142 seats
  The number of seats that (have not been decided) and will be contested again in the list system at the second phase: none
  The number of seats that were decided in the individual system at the second phase: 41 seats
  The number of seats that (have not been decided) and will be contested again in the individual system at the second phase: 101 seats

Final seat distribution[citation needed][edit]

 
  Independent: 124 seats
  Eradet Geel Party: 1 seat
  Justice Party: 2 seats
  Tagammu: 6 seats
  Al-Nour Party: 7 seats
  Egyptian Freedom Party: 7 seats
  Modern Egypt Party: 11 seats
  New Wafd Party: 26 seats
  Nation's Future Party: 316 seats

Photo Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt to hold parliamentary elections on Oct. 24-25: official". Reuters. 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  2. ^ "الطريق إلى مجلس الشيوخ يحتاج 3 قوانين.. تعرف عليها". اليوم السابع. 26 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b "A presidential directive to freeze Parliament". Mada Masr. 1 October 2019. Archived from the original on 1 October 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Anatomy of an election". Mada Masr. 14 March 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  5. ^ Gamal Essam El-Din (14 September 2020). "Egypt's Mostaqbal Watan Party leads coalition to run in parliamentary elections". Ahram Online. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  6. ^ Hassanin Tayea (28 September 2020). "NEA: 4,006 Individual Candidates, 8 Lists to Run for Parliamentary Elections". Sada el-Balad. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
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  8. ^ "Egypt arrests 8, including ex-lawmaker and secular activists". Associated Press. 25 June 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
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  11. ^ "الوطنية للانتخابات: نسبة المشاركة بالمرحلة الأولى لانتخابات النواب 28.06 % - اليوم السابع". 2 November 2020. Archived from the original on 2 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
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