2020 Iranian legislative election
All 290 seats to the Islamic Consultative Assembly
146 seats are needed for a majority
The 290-seat Islamic Consultative Assembly has 285 directly elected members and five seats reserved for the Zoroastrians, Jews, Assyrian and Chaldean Christians and Armenians (one for Armenians in the north of Iran and one for Armenians in the south).
The 285 directly elected seats are elected from 196 constituencies, which are a mix of single and multi-member. In single-member constituencies the leading candidates must receive at least one-fourth of the votes in the first round. If no candidate passes this threshold, a second round is held with the two highest-vote candidates. In multi-member constituencies, voters cast as many votes as there are seats available; candidates must receive votes from at least one-fourth of the voters to be elected; if not all the seats are filled in the first round of voting, a second round is held with twice the number of candidates as there are seats to be filled (or all the original candidates if there are fewer than double the number of seats).
Voters must be Iranian citizens aged 18 or over, and shall not have been declared insane.
According to Iranian law, in order to qualify as a candidate one must:
- Be an Iranian citizen
- Be a supporter of the Islamic Republic, pledging loyalty to constitution
- Be a practicing Muslim (unless running to represent one of the religious minorities in Iran)
- Not have a "notorious reputation"
- Be in good health, between the ages of 30 and 75.
A candidate will be disqualified if he/she is found to be mentally impaired, actively supporting the Shah or supporting political parties and organizations deemed illegal or been charged with anti-government activity, converted to another faith or has otherwise renounced the Islamic faith, have been found guilty of corruption, treason, fraud, bribery, is an addict or trafficker or have been found guilty of violating Sharia law. Also, candidates must be literate; candidates cannot have played a role in the pre-1979 government, be large landowners, drug addicts or have convictions relating to actions against the state or apostasy. Government ministers, members of the Guardian Council and High Judicial Council are banned from running for office, as is the Head of the Administrative Court of Justice, the Head of General Inspection, some civil servants and religious leaders and any member of the armed forces.
- "Parliamentary Elections Set for Feb. 2020", Financial Tribune, 27 February 2019, retrieved 25 October 2019
- Electoral system IPU
- "Mired In Corruption, Iranian Neo-Cons Eye 2020 Parliamentary Elections", RFE/RL, 20 June 2019, retrieved 25 October 2019
- "Iran's 2020 Parliamentary Elections: Lower Participation and Competition, but Higher Levels of Irregularities", International Institute for Iranian Studies, 12 September 2019, retrieved 25 October 2019