2020 Kyrgyz parliamentary election

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2020 Kyrgyz parliamentary election
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All 120 seats in the Supreme Council
61 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader % Seats +/–
Birimdik Marat Amankulov 24.90 46 New
Mekenim Kyrgyzstan Mirlan Bakirov 24.27 45 New
Kyrgyzstan Kanatbek Isaev 8.90 16 -2
Butun Kyrgyzstan Adakhan Madumarov 7.25 13 +13
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Kyrgyzstan 2020 legislative election map.png
Results by region
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Kubatbek Boronov (2017-08-24).jpg Kubatbek Boronov
Election results annulled
Sadyr Japarov becomes prime minister
Sadyr Japarov 03 (25-02-2021) (cropped).jpg

Parliamentary elections were held in Kyrgyzstan on 4 October 2020.[1] The results showed that pro-government parties had won a supermajority of seats. The election was subsequently annulled by the Central Election Commission during the 2020 Kyrgyzstan protests.[2]


Due to party infighting between supporters of current President Sooronbay Jeenbekov and former President Almazbek Atambayev, the governing Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan did not contest the election, and new parties split off and ran in their stead: the pro-Jeenbekov Unity, and the pro-Atambayev Social Democrats of Kyrgyzstan. Ata-Zhurt, which had previously split with the Respublika Party, partnered up with Mekenim Kyrgyzstan and both parties ran under the latter's name. The Ata Meken Socialist Party entered into a coalition called "New Breath" with the Liberal Democratic Party, New Breath Youth Association, and the Association "Green Alliance of Kyrgyzstan".[3]

The election took place during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Electoral system[edit]

The 120 seats in the Supreme Council are elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency. To win seats, parties must pass a national electoral threshold of 7% of the votes cast,[4] and receive at least 0.7% of the vote in each of the seven regions.[5] No one party is allowed to hold more than 65 seats.[6] Party lists are required to have at least 30% of the candidates from each gender, and every fourth candidate had to be of a different gender. Each list is also required to have at least 15% of the candidates being from ethnic minorities and 15% of under 35 years old, as well as at least two candidates with disabilities.[6][7]


Several opposition parties called on the government to postpone the election due to the COVID-19 pandemic prior to the campaign period in September.[citation needed]

During the elections, several parties were accused of buying votes.[8] Several journalists also reported that they had been harassed or attacked.[9] The costs associated with filing to run for the elections and campaigning were also criticized, with critics saying it was impossible for smaller parties without ties to an oligarch to afford.[10]

Preliminary results[edit]

Unity received a plurality of votes, beating out the Ata-Zhurt–Mekenim Kyrgyzstan alliance by under one percent, with 46 seats. Ata-Zhurt–Mekenim Kyrgyzstan received 45 seats, while other parties lagged behind. The Kyrgyzstan Party received 16 seats, while United Kyrgyzstan entered parliament for the first time with 13. Several other parties failed to meet the 7% threshold, including Ata Meken, which had been a part of every parliament since the 2010 Kyrgyz Revolution.

Out of the parties that made it into parliament, only United Kyrgyzstan consistently opposes the incumbent government led by President Jeenbekov.[11]

Kyrgyzstan Supreme Council 2020.svg
Mekenim Kyrgyzstan475,37224.2745New
United Kyrgyzstan141,9407.2513+13
Ata Meken Socialist Party80,2794.100–11
Light of Faith66,7473.410New
Bir Bol60,3053.080–12
Great Crusade46,5682.380New
Social Democrats42,4602.170New
Reform Party32,7951.670New
Homeland Accord12,4680.640New
The Centre4,3950.220New
Party of Veterans of the Afghan War3,4590.180New
Against all35,7141.82
Valid votes1,958,93098.40
Invalid/blank votes31,8231.60
Total votes1,990,753100.00
Registered voters/turnout3,523,55456.50
Source: CEC, CEC (98.14% counted)


The Ata Meken Socialist Party and the Social Democrats both disputed the results, and staged a brief protest in Bishkek. One other party also disputed the result.[12] Around 4,000 people also staged a protest in Bishkek when the results were announced, with smaller protests held in two other cities. Around 16 people were injured as police attempted to disperse the crowds. A total of 12 parties also signed a document urging the government to annul the elections as a result of irregularities and hold new ones.[13] One group protesting in Bishkek managed to free ex-President Atambayev from jail on late in the night on 5 October, where he had been serving an 11-year-and-two-month sentence for a corruption since June. Protestors also occupied the building housing the parliament and presidential administration.[14] There were also reports that part of the parliament building was set ablaze. Protests continued throughout the day on 6 October, eventually resulting in one death and around 590 injuries.[10] A further several hundred were injured on the following day as well as protests continued. Atambayev was re-arrested on 10 October.

Following continued protests, the results were annulled by the Central Election Commission on 6 October.[2] Prime Minister Kubatbek Boronov and parliament speaker Dastan Jumabekov also tendered their resignation on 6 October. The parliament announced opposition figure Sadyr Zhaparov of the nationalist Patriotic party as acting Prime Minister, and Myktybek Abdyldayev as the new speaker of parliament. Zhaparov had been serving an 11-year and six-month prison sentence for taking a government official hostage in 2013 until his appointment. The mayors of Bishkek and Osh, as well as the governors of the Naryn, Talas, and Issyk-Kul regions also resigned. A group of 13 opposition parties said that they had formed the Coordinating Council of Popular Trust which would assume responsibility for formulating ideas to find a way out of the deadlock.[10] It was later announced that Zhaparov did not have the backing of enough parties to be installed as the new PM, resulting in further confusion. Zhaparov eventually ended up being elected PM with the necessary quorum (51 MPs were present and 10 were voting by proxy) in the early hours of the morning on 11 October. President Jeenbekov vetoed the nomination on 12 October, but later accepted it after parliament voted to confirm him again on 13 October. Abdyldayev resigned as speaker on 10 October only a few days after he was appointed, with Kanatbek Isaev taking over the speakership on 13 October.

On 15 October, President Jeenbekov announced that he would resign to prevent further bloodshed. His resignation will take effect should parliament approve it.[15][16] It was approved on 16 October, and Prime Minister Zhaparov was installed as interim President by the parliament until new elections could be held, despite the Kyrgyz Constitution saying that the next person in the line of succession is the speaker of the parliament. Speaker Isaev had previously stated that he was not interested in the position.

New elections were tentatively scheduled for 20 December,[17] but were later pushed back to no later than June 2021 so constitutional reform could be enacted. They are now due to be held in autumn.[18]


  1. ^ Kyrgyzstan sets date of parliamentary elections Xinhua, 21 October 2019
  2. ^ a b "Kyrgyzstan election: Sunday's results annulled after mass protests". BBC News. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  3. ^ Pannier, Bruce (7 August 2020). "No Coronavirus Postponement And No Front-Runners So Far In Kyrgyz Elections". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Избирательный порог в парламент снижен с 9 до 7 %. Президент подписал закон". Информационное Агентство Кабар (in Russian). Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  5. ^ Kyrgyz Republic: Election for Jorgorku Keneshg (Kyrgyz Supreme Council) IFES
  6. ^ a b Electoral system IPU
  7. ^ THE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW On Presidential and Jogorku Kenesh Elections in the Kyrgyz Republic
  8. ^ Namatbayeva, Tolkun (5 October 2020). "Monitors decry vote-buying in Kyrgyz parliamentary vote". AFP. Retrieved 6 October 2020 – via Yahoo!.
  9. ^ Furlong, Ray (4 October 2020). "Videos show apparent vote-buying in Kyrgyz elections". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  10. ^ a b c Pikulicka-Wilczewska, Agnieszka (6 October 2020). "Kyrgyzstan prime minister resigns amid election protests". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  11. ^ Pannier, Bruce (3 October 2020). "Kyrgyzstan: A Guide To The Parties Competing In The Parliamentary Elections". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  12. ^ "Pro-presidential parties dominate Kyrgyzstan parliamentary vote". Al Jazeera. 4 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  13. ^ "Protests erupt in Kyrgyzstan after parliamentary election". San Diego Union-Tribune. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  14. ^ "Kyrgyz protesters free ex-president, seize seat of government". TRT World. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  15. ^ "Kyrgyzstan's president steps down amid political unrest". The Guardian. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  16. ^ "События - Официальный сайт Президента Кыргызской Республики". www.president.kg. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  17. ^ Osmonalieva, Baktygul (16 October 2020). "Repeat parliamentary elections could be held on December 20 in Kyrgyzstan". 24.kg. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  18. ^ "Kyrgyz President Says Parliamentary Elections Will be Held in Autumn".