2020 Lithuanian parliamentary election
All 141 seats in the Seimas
71 seats needed for a majority
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politics and government of
Just over half of the seats (currently 71) are filled through a two-round voting in single-seat constituencies, while the remaining half (70) is elected through a nationwide proportional representation of party lists.
The previous elections saw a surprise landslide victory of the Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union (LVŽS), winning half of the constituencies and 19 party list seats. The Skvernelis Cabinet took office with the support of LVŽS and LSDP. The latter party split in 2017 over government participation, with some of its MPs forming the LSDDP. Lacking support in Parliament, the government passed a cooperation agreement with Order and Justice (TT) in 2018.
The number of seats will not be reduced from 141 to 121 seats following a failed referendum held in May 2019.
The Seimas has 141 members, elected to a four-year term in parallel voting, with 71 members elected in single-seat constituencies and 70 members elected by proportional representation. The voting in the elections is open to all citizens of Lithuania who are at least 18 years old.
Parliament members in the 71 single-seat constituencies are elected in a majority vote, with a run-off held within 15 days, if necessary. The remaining 70 seats are allocated to the participating political parties using the largest remainder method. Parties normally need to receive at least 5% (7% for multi-party electoral lists) of the votes to be eligible for a seat. Candidates take the seats allocated to their parties based on the preference lists submitted before the election and adjusted by preference votes given by the voters.
To be eligible for election, candidates must be at least 25 years old on the election day, not under allegiance to a foreign state and permanently reside in Lithuania. Persons serving or due to serve a sentence imposed by the court 65 days before the election are not eligible. Also, judges, citizens performing military service, and servicemen of professional military service and officials of statutory institutions and establishments may not stand for election. In addition, a person who has been removed from office through impeachment may not be elected.
|October 2019||Baltijos Tyrimai||ELTA||11||17.5||11.6||1.5||3.8||3.4||5.6||5.7||2.3||-||5.9|
|9 October 2016||2016 election||21.6||21.7||14.4||N/A||9.0||5.5||5.3||4.7||N/A||11.5||0.1|
- "Numatomi rinkimai" [Upcoming elections] (in Lithuanian). Central Elections Commission. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
- "Law on Elections to the Seimas". Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Konstitucinis Teismas R. Paksui vilties nesuteikė" [The constitutional court did not give R. Paksas hope]. Delfi.lt (in Lithuanian). 20 March 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2015.