2020 Lithuanian parliamentary election

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2020 Lithuanian parliamentary election
Lithuania
← 2016 11 October 2020 (first round)
25 October 2020 (second round)
2024 →
Party Leader % Seats ±
Homeland Union Gabrielius Landsbergis 25.77 50 +19
Farmers and Greens Ramūnas Karbauskis 18.07 32 -22
Social Democratic Gintautas Paluckas 9.59 13 -4
Liberal Movement Viktorija Čmilytė 7.04 13 -1
Freedom Aušrinė Armonaitė 9.45 11 New
Labour Viktor Uspaskich 9.77 10 +8
AWPL Valdemar Tomaševski 4.97 3 -5
LSDDP Gediminas Kirkilas 3.28 3 New
LT Remigijus Žemaitaitis 2.06 1 New
Green Party Remigijus Lapinskas 1.70 1 0
Independent 4 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister
Saulius Skvernelis
Farmers and Greens
Ingrida Šimonytė
Homeland Union

Parliamentary elections were held in Lithuania on 11 and 25 October 2020 to elect the 141 members of the Seimas.[1] 71 were elected in single-member constituencies using the two-round system, and the remaining 70 in a single nationwide constituency using proportional representation. The first round was held on 11 October and the second round on 25 October.

In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 Lithuanian parliamentary election had the second-lowest turnout in first round elections to the Seimas since the Republic of Lithuania was restored in the early 1990s (the lowest occurred in 2004).

Electoral system[edit]

The Seimas has 141 members, elected to a four-year term in parallel voting, with 71 members elected in single-seat constituencies and 70 members elected by proportional representation.[2] The voting in the elections is open to all citizens of Lithuania who are at least 18 years old.

Parliament members in the 71 single-seat constituencies are elected in a majority vote, with a run-off held within 15 days, if necessary. The remaining 70 seats are allocated to the participating political parties using the largest remainder method. Parties normally need to receive at least 5% (7% for multi-party electoral lists) of the votes to be eligible for a seat. Candidates take the seats allocated to their parties based on the preference lists submitted before the election and adjusted by preference votes given by the voters.[2]

To be eligible for election, candidates must be at least 25 years old on the election day, not under allegiance to a foreign state and permanently reside in Lithuania. Persons serving or due to serve a sentence imposed by the court 65 days before the election are not eligible. Also, judges, citizens performing military service, and servicemen of professional military service and officials of statutory institutions and establishments may not stand for election.[2] In addition, a person who has been removed from office through impeachment may not be elected.[3]

Background[edit]

The 2016 election was a surprise landslide victory for the Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union (LVŽS), which won 54 seats, including half of the single-member constituencies. The Skvernelis Cabinet took office with the support of LVŽS and Social Democratic Party of Lithuania (LSDP). The latter party split in 2017 due to disagreement about government participation, with some of its MPs forming the Social Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania (LSDDP) with members of the Labour Party. Lacking support in Parliament, the government passed a cooperation agreement with Order and Justice (TT) in 2018. After the 2019 presidential election, the Order and Justice and the Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance joined a coalition. Later the same year, the Order and Justice was expelled from a coalition.

A proposal to reduce the size of the Seimas from 141 to 121 seats failed following a referendum held in May 2019. In the same year, Ramūnas Karbauskis and Naglis Puteikis proposed bill, which reduced electoral threshold from 5% to 3%, but due to President of the Republic of Lithuania veto, this proposal was not implemented.[4][5]

In 2020, single-member constituencies were redrawn: one constituency was added in Vilnius, one constituency removed in Kaunas, new worldwide constituency was established and boundaries of constituencies in rural ares were enlarged.[6]

COVID-19 effects[edit]

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Central Electoral Commission proposed extension on early voting (four days instead two days).[7] In the second round special polling places for self-isolating voters were set up in Vilnius, Kaunas, Šiauliai and Raseiniai districts.[8]

On 21 October, a few days before the second round, Lithuanian municipalities were divided into green, yellow and red "risk zones", with de facto lockdown rules, mask mandates and limits on capacities.

Parties[edit]

Party / Electoral list[9] Abbr. Leader Ideology Political
position
2016 election
Votes (%) Seats
Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union
Lietuvos valstiečių ir žaliųjų sąjunga
LVŽS Ramūnas Karbauskis Technocracy
Agrarianism
Green conservatism
Centre to centre-right 22.45%
54 / 141
Homeland Union
Tėvynės sąjunga – Lietuvos krikščionys demokratai
TS–LKD Gabrielius Landsbergis Conservatism
Christian democracy
Liberal conservatism
Centre-right 22.63%
31 / 141
Social Democratic Party of Lithuania
Lietuvos socialdemokratų partija
LSDP Gintautas Paluckas Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Pro-Europeanism
Centre-left to left-wing 15.04%
17 / 141
Liberal Movement
Lietuvos Respublikos Liberalų sąjūdis
LRLS Viktorija Čmilytė-Nielsen Classical liberalism
Conservative liberalism
Liberalism
Centre-right 9.45%
14 / 141
Freedom and Justice
Laisvė ir teisingumas
LT Remigijus Žemaitaitis Conservative liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Centre-right 7.78%
8 / 141
Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance
Lietuvos lenkų rinkimų akcija – Krikščioniškų šeimų sąjunga
Akcja Wyborcza Polaków na Litwie – Związek Chrześcijańskich Rodzin
LLRA–KŠS Valdemar Tomaševski Polish minority interests
Christian democracy
Conservatism
Centre-right 5.72%
8 / 141
Labour Party
Darbo Partija
DP Viktor Uspaskich Social liberalism
Populism
Centre to centre-left 4.88%
2 / 141
Centre PartyNationalists
Centro partija – Tautininkai
CP-T Naglis Puteikis Agrarianism
Euroscepticism
Centre 6.88%
1 / 141
Lithuanian nationalism
National conservatism
Right-wing
Lithuanian Green Party
Lietuvos Žaliųjų Partija
LŽP Remigijus Lapinskas Green liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Centre 2.03%
0 / 141
Lithuanian People's Party
Lietuvos liaudies partija
LLP Vaidotas Prunskus Russophilia
Left-wing nationalism
Hard Euroscepticism
Left-wing 1.05%
0 / 141
The Way of Courage
Drąsos Kelias
DK Jonas Varkala Populism
Anti-corruption
0.29%
0 / 141
Union of Intergenerational Solidarity – Cohesion for Lithuania
Kartų Solidarumo Sąjunga – Santalka Lietuvai
KSSL Arvydas Juozaitis Pensioners' interests
Single-issue politics
Nationalism
Did not run
Lithuania – For everyone
Lietuva – Visų
LV Tomas Pačėsas Interests of the Lithuanian diaspora Did not run
Social Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania
Lietuvos socialdemokratų darbo partija
LSDDP Gediminas Kirkilas Social democracy
Pro-Europeanism
Nordic model
Centre-left Did not exist
Split from LSDP
Freedom Party
Laisvės Partija
LP Aušrinė Armonaitė Liberalism
Social liberalism
Progressivism
Centre Did not exist
Split from Liberal Movement
Christian Union
Krikščionių sąjunga
KS Rimantas Dagys Christian democracy
Christian social policy
Social conservatism
Right-wing Did not exist
Split from Homeland Union
National Alliance
Nacionalinis Susivienijimas
NS Vytautas Radžvilas Lithuanian nationalism
Conservatism
Right-wing to far-right Did not exist

Politicians not standing[edit]

Opinion polls[edit]

Graphical summary[edit]

The chart below shows opinion polls conducted for the next Lithuanian parliamentary election. The trend lines are local regressions (LOESS).

Lithuania, post-2016 Opinion Polling with LOESS.svg

Party vote[edit]

The following are opinion polls conducted for the legislative elections, measuring estimated percentage of the vote. Highlighted parties successfully pass the electoral threshold to win national list seats.

Polling Firm/Link Last date
of polling
TS-LKD LVŽS LSDP LSDDP LT LRLS LLRA LCP DP Laisves
Baltijos tyrimai 17–27 September 2020 17.7 23 13.9 3.1 7.9 9 5.7 3 8.8 3.3
Spinter tyrimai 16–26 September 2020 19.8 19.2 11.4 3 4.9 9.1 4.8 3 9.8 6.1
Vilmorus 4–12 September 2020 20.8 21 11.8 4.2 5.3 7.7 3.5 2.6 11.7 3.5
Spinter tyrimai 26 August – 4 September 2020 21.7 19.4 12.6 3.7 4.5 5.9 4.5 3.3 8.6 6.8
Baltijos tyrimai 22 August – 4 September 2020 18.8 19.6 18.2 2.7 7.4 8.2 4 4 11.4 4
Baltijos tyrimai 16–30 July 2020 19.1 22.5 13.9 2.9 8.2 8 4.7 2.8 10.9 4
Spinter tyrimai 16–26 July 2020 22.8 22.1 13.9 5.4 8.8 4.7 3.4 7.5 5.7
Vilmorus 10–18 July 2020 25.3 25.8 10.4 4.6 5.4 6.9 3.2 2.3 9.1 2.3
Spinter tyrimai 18–26 June 2020 25.2 19.8 13.5 4.9 7.7 5.7 8 6.1
Baltijos tyrimai 15–25 June 2020 18.2 22.5 17 2.9 7.8 8.8 6.6 1.9 8.4 3.7
Polling Firm/Link Last date
of polling
TS-LKD LVŽS LSDP LSDDP TT LRLS LLRA LCP DP Laisves
Vilmorus 5–13 June 2020 24.9 23.3 15.9 3.7 5.4 7.5 3.8 3.0 8.0 3.5
Spinter tyrimai 20–29 April 2020 26.4 19.3 13.7 3.2 7.5 8.5 5.9 2.7 6.4 4.3
Spinter tyrimai 17–30 March 2020 30.1 15.1 12.2 3.6 3.6 7.3 5.1 6.5 6.5
Vilmorus 5–13 March 2020 27.2 19.8 13.3 4 6 5.6 2.4 2.4 8.1 3.6
Spinter tyrimai 18–25 February 2020 27.3 14.7 12.3 4.3 4.9 10.1 6.2 2.9 7.5 4
Baltijos tyrimai 13–26 January 2020 24.2 15 15.5 3.1 6.6 11.5 5 2.5 9.1 4
Vilmorus 7–13 February 2020 27.9 18.2 15.2 3.6 8.9 4.8 2.5 1.7 9.3 1.8
Spinter tyrimai 20–28 January 2020 26.6 14.4 11.3 2.9 5.5 9.1 6.1 3.6 9.8 5.7
Vilmorus 10–18 January 2020 26.9 18.4 14.5 3.9 7 5.2 2.7 4.5 9.8 2.1
Baltijos tyrimai 10–21 December 2019 23.7 9.8 17.4 3.1 7.8 7.4 6 4.4 12.7 3.2
Vilmorus 29 November – 7 December 2019 24.7 17.4 13.4 3.5 7.9 6.5 2 3.6 12.1 2.7
Spinter tyrimai 19–29 November 2019 32.9 12.9 13.8 2.5 5.3 11.3 5.6 4.6 12.4 5.8
Baltijos tyrimai 14–27 November 2019 25.2 12 18.9 3.4 4.9 5.6 5.6 3 13.2 3.2
Vilmorus 8–16 November 2019 26.7 17.6 13 3.8 7 7.8 3.3 4.4 12.8
Baltijos tyrimai 15–29 October 2019 24.4 10.9 19.6 2.5 4.8 6.9 7.2 4 14.1 2.8
Spinter tyrimai 17–28 October 2019 25.9 14.7 9.9 3.3 7.2 9 4.6 4.1 7.9 5
Vilmorus 4–13 October 2019 24.6 17.5 10.7 5.2 7.5 7.2 2.8 4.2 8.5 3.4
Baltijos tyrimai 21 September – 5 October 2019 26.2 16.4 17.3 2.2 8.3 5.6 5 3.4 8.5 3.4
Spinter tyrimai 18–27 September 2019 26.7 20.3 12.5 2.7 5.4 7.2 4.1 3.1 6.9 4.5
Vilmorus 6–14 September 2019 22 22.3 12.8 4.8 6.7 4.8 3.2 3.6 11.1 2.7
Baltijos tyrimai 26 August – 3 September 2019 19.4 18.6 18 1.7 8.1 7.4 5.1 4.4 10.6 3.4
Baltijos tyrimai 15–29 July 2019 20.2 17.5 18.5 2.6 10 6.8 5 3.9 8.2 3.4
Spinter tyrimai 17–26 July 2019 26.2 16.5 13.6 2.8 7 7.2 4.6 3 7.6 4.3
Vilmorus 5–13 July 2019 25.7 20.2 11.7 4.3 9.4 4.3 3.9 1.9 13.4 4.6
Spinter tyrimai 18–27 June 2019 26.8 18.2 13.9 2.9 6.5 6.1 4.6 2.9 6.9 4.6
Baltijos tyrimai 14–28 June 2019 22.3 20 18.8 1.4 8.6 7.9 5 3.2 7.6
Vilmorus 7–15 June 2019 26.3 23.2 12.5 3.4 9.1 4.4 4.7 2.1 10.5 3.4
Baltijos tyrimai 27 May – 9 June 2019 22.4 20.1 17.7 4.8 6.7 5.7 5.8 3 8.4
2019 European Parliament election 26 May 2019 19.74 12.56 15.88 2.36 2.73 6.59 5.13 8.99
Spinter tyrimai 20–29 April 2019 20.4 17.3 8.3 5 6.4 4.6 2 5.6
Vilmorus 4–13 April 2019 31 23.5 10.8 4.1 8.9 4.1 4.6 3.8 8.6
Baltijos tyrimai 25 March – 10 April 2019 23.9 24.7 15.5 5 5.2 4.7 4.3 3.9 8.6
Spinter tyrimai 18–28 March 2019 25.4 21.4 13.6 7.1 8 5.4 4 7
Vilmorus 7–15 March 2019 28.7 32.8 15 7.2 8.4 5.4 4 3.7 9.3
2019 municipal election 3 March 2019 16.05 11.16 13.24 1.66 2.94 5.9 5.2 1.25 5.09
Spinter tyrimai 18–28 February 2019 27.7 22.5 9.7 5.7 5.2 5.9 2.6 7.3
Baltijos tyrimai 15–26 February 2019 23.7 21.4 11.4 3.6 9.8 5.7 4.2 5.5 10.5
Vilmorus 8–17 February 2019 31 27.3 8 3.6 7 5.7 3.4 3.9 7.8
Baltijos tyrimai January 2019 23.9 21.7 12.6 3.6 11.9 6.2 2.9 4.7 8.1
Spinter tyrimai 15–26 January 2019 26.4 22.4 10.9 3.1 8.2 4.4 6.5 3.1 6.9
Vilmorus 11–20 January 2019 24.6 26.5 10.1 4.3 8.9 4.7 3.7 4.7 8.7
Vilmorus 1–9 December 2018 18.3 14.8 5.7 2.4 6.6 2.8 2.5 2.8 6.9
Spinter tyrimai 19–30 November 2018 26.9 21.9 11.3 3.6 10.9 4.3 6.7 4.8 6
Baltijos tyrimai 9–26 November 2018 27.4 20.6 12.5 5.5 9.9 3.9 4 5.5 8.2
Vilmorus 9–18 November 2018 17.6 14.5 5.6 2.8 7 4 2.7 3.9 7
Baltijos tyrimai October 2018 23.5 18 12.7 6.7 11 7.3 5.4 5.5 7.5
Spinter tyrimai 16–30 October 2018 25.2 20.2 8.2 4.6 8.2 4.5 5.7 4.3 6.1
Vilmorus 5–14 October 2018 16.9 13.1 7.2 3.1 8.3 2.5 3.1 2.5 4.8
Baltijos tyrimai 24 September – 7 October 2018 25.1 17.5 12.1 5.5 11.7 7.3 4.3 4.5 7.5
Spinter tyrimai 19–26 September 2018 25.5 24.3 7.1 5.8 7.1 5.9 5.9 3.9 6.2
Vilmorus 7–16 September 2018 24.5 24.9 12.2 7.5 10.6 5.7 10.7
Spinter tyrimai 24–31 August 2018 23.6 21.8 8 6.2 11 5.2 5.1 6.2 6.7
Baltijos tyrimai 21–31 August 2018 22.1 20.2 11.9 4.8 9.7 7.9 4.2 7 6.4
Vilmorus 5–17 July 2018 26.7 24 8.1 5.6 10.8 3.5 4.6 6.4 9.7
Baltijos tyrimai 30 June – 3 July 2018 19.2 17.9 10.3 5.2 12.8 7.8 5.2 6.7 9.2
Spinter tyrimai 19–27 June 2018 22.5 20.3 10.2 5.9 10.8 6 5.2 3.8 8.8
Vilmorus 8–17 June 2018 25.3 22.7 8 7.3 9.4 3 3.2 4.9 10.2
Baltijos tyrimai 28 May – 5 June 2018 23.4 19.7 8.8 5.8 11.1 5.7 4.6 5.6 9.8
Spinter tyrimai 22–29 May 2018 24.7 22.5 7.5 6.8 10.3 5.4 5.4 4.3 6.8
Vilmorus 4–12 May 2018 24 21 8 9 11 6 4 6 10
Baltijos tyrimai 24 April – 4 May 2018 24.8 22.7 9.5 6.6 8.9 8 4.6 4.5 6.2
Spinter tyrimai 17–26 April 2018 24 21.1 7.2 6.4 10.7 9.7 6.2 4.3 2.3
Vilmorus 6–15 April 2018 17.6 11.9 4.9 5 7.2 4.7 2.7 4 2.9
Spinter tyrimai 21–29 March 2018 18.6 16.9 6.5 3.7 7.5 5.8 4 3.3
Vilmorus 2–10 March 2018 25.1 24.2 15 13.4 7.6 3.7 5.5 2.8
Baltijos tyrimai 21 February – 4 March 2018 24 17.3 17.3 10.6 10.6 5.3 5.3 5.3
Spinter tyrimai 19–27 February 2018 17.3 15.4 8.2 7.7 5.1 3 4.7
Vilmorus 9–18 February 2018 27 21.7 12.2 11.2 8.5 5.4 4.1 6.9
Baltijos tyrimai 18–30 January 2018 24.4 16.3 18.5 9.2 9.4 5.3 6 6.7
Vilmorus 12–21 January 2018 29.4 22.9 13.7 13.8 6.6 3.8 3.1 4.4
Spinter tyrimai 11–19 December 2017 26.4 21 13.1 10.6 6.9 5.6 7.3 2.8
Vilmorus 1–10 December 2017 27.7 22.7 13.7 9.5 6.8 5.2 6.9 4.2
Baltijos tyrimai 20 November – 4 December 2017 27.6 19.7 16.8 8.9 7.2 3.6 7.6 4.6
RAIT 10–27 November 2017 19 16 10 4 5 6
Vilmorus 10–19 November 2017 26.5 20.8 13.5 9.6 6.8 6.5 7 5.3
Baltijos tyrimai November 2017 25.9 24 16.2 7.8 6.8 7.8 3.9 2.6
Spinter tyrimai November 2017 27.4 26.1 10.7 8.3 7.1 5.3 4.4 2.8
RAIT 14–29 October 2017 18 15 11 4 6 4
Spinter tyrimai 16–28 October 2017 19.1 17 7.2 4.8 5.6 5 5.4
Vilmorus 5–16 October 2017 24.7 20.6 16.6 10.3 6.8 6.9 5.1 4.3
Baltijos tyrimai 25 September – 8 October 2017 23.4 20.3 16.3 10.4 11.2 5.3 4.4 4.9
Spinter tyrimai 19–28 September 2017 17 16.6 9.1 4.9 5.7 4.9 3.9
RAIT 15–26 September 2017 16 17 11 9
Vilmorus 8–17 September 2017 24.9 23.8 15.9 7.9 7.2 4.2 5.8 5.4
Baltijos tyrimai 29 August – 9 September 2017 20.2 19.3 15.1 10.4 13.8 6.3 5.2 6.3
Spinter tyrimai 21–28 August 2017 16.3 15.9 11.3 5 6.8
RAIT August 2017 18 18 11 4 9 2
RAIT 15–27 July 2017 17 16 12 4 7 4 4
Spinter tyrimai 17–23 July 2017 16.6 17 11.3 5.3 7
Vilmorus 30 June – 9 July 2017 23.7 22.7 17 8.2 8.6 6.1 5.6 2.9
RAIT 9 June – 2 July 2017 23.8 28.3 13.4 4.4 13.4 2.9 5.9 4.4
Spinter tyrimai 19–26 June 2017 15.6 17.8 12.8 6 7.5 4.7 3.3 1.6
Baltijos tyrimai 13–26 June 2017 18.8 20.2 18.8 10.1 10.1 8.6 4.3 5.7
Vilmorus 2–10 June 2017 26.2 26.6 18.1 6.6 8.4 4.5 6.1 3.2
Spinter tyrimai May 2017 13.1 19 11.6 4.5 6.5 1.7
RAIT 13–18 May 2017 20.8 30.5 11.1 8.3 11.1 2.7 4.1 2.7
Vilmorus 5–13 May 2017 23.1 28.7 15.5 6.5 7.7 4.4 5.7 2.7
Spinter tyrimai 19–26 April 2017 14.6 19.9 11.2 3.4 5.5 0.5
RAIT 8–25 April 2017 18.6 34.6 13.3 4 10.6 2.6 4
Vilmorus 1–9 April 2017 22.2 33.2 16.8 5.6 8.8 2.9 4.7 2.8
Spinter tyrimai 16–23 March 2017 17.3 34.6 11.1 5.1 10.8 5.6 2
RAIT 10–26 March 2017 14.4 37.6 13 4.3 13 2.8 2.8
Vilmorus 8–12 March 2017 22.2 35.5 12.7 4 8.3 4.9 4.7 3.7
Spinter tyrimai 17–24 February 2017 19.3 32.7 11.5 4.6 9.6 5.8 2.7
Vilmorus 10–15 February 2017 19.1 37.3 15.2 4.3 6.8 4.3 5.2
RAIT 9–26 February 2017 22.5 46.7 14.5 4.8 11.2 3.2 4.8
Spinter tyrimai 17–25 January 2017 18.7 37 14.2 4.1 8.5 5.5 2.7
RAIT January 2017 13.4 26.5 10.2 3 6.1 2
Vilmorus January 2017 16.6 39.8 15.8 3.5 8 3.5 3.2
Baltijos tyrimai 12–22 December 2016 15.4 44.7 12.8 5.2 6.2 5.2 3.8 5.1
Spinter tyrimai 12–20 December 2016 16.7 42.7 12.3 5.9 7.9 5 2.5
Vilmorus 2–10 December 2016 17 45.5 11.2 6.2
Baltijos tyrimai 24 November – 4 December 2016 15.3 46.7 12.8 4.5 9 4.1 2.7 2.7
Spinter tyrimai 18–25 November 2016 16.4 36.1 14 7 12.4 3.6
2016 Elections 22.63 22.45 15.04 5.55 9.45 5.72 6.32 4.88

The following are seat projections for the election:

Source Date TS-LKD LVŽS LSDP LSDDP LT LRLS LLRA LCP DP Laisves LŽP Independents
Result 2020 11–25 October 2020 50 32 13 3 1 13 3 0 10 11 1 4
Europe Elects 24 October 2020 42 38 17 2 1 10 3 0 10 11 1 6
Result 2016 9–23 October 2016 31 54 17 - 8 14 8 1 2 - 1 4

Results[edit]

Distribution of seats in the Seimas as of 26 October 2020.svg
Party Nationwide constituency Single-member constituencies Total
seats
+/–
First round Second round
Votes %[a] Seats Votes %[a] Seats Votes %[a] Seats
Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats 292,068 25.77 23 267,976 24.21 1 352,566 40.21 26 50 +19
Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union 204,780 18.07 16 169,551 15.32 0 209,714 23.92 16 32 −22
Labour Party 110,780 9.77 9 88,083 7.96 0 8,077 0.92 1 10 +8
Social Democratic Party of Lithuania 108,641 9.59 8 130,559 11.79 0 75,560 8.62 5 13 −4
Freedom Party 107,057 9.45 8 69,740 6.30 0 68,630 7.83 3 11 New
Liberal Movement 79,742 7.04 6 102,586 9.27 0 57,671 6.58 7 13 −1
Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance 56,382 4.97 0 52,905 4.78 2 14,835 1.69 1 3 −5
Social Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania 37,198 3.28 0 51,229 4.63 0 26,198 2.99 3 3 New
Centre Party – Nationalists 26,767 2.36 0 20,474 1.85 0 5,405 0.62 0 0 −1
National Alliance 25,092 2.21 0 14,938 1.35 0 0 New
Freedom and Justice 23,350 2.06 0 28,568 2.58 0 9,631 1.10 1 1 New
Lithuanian Green Party 19,307 1.70 0 35,174 3.18 0 6,648 0.76 1 1 ±0
The Way of Courage 13,337 1.18 0 2,573 0.23 0 0 ±0
Lithuania – For everyone 11,351 1.00 0 7,692 0.69 0 0 New
Christian Union 8,833 0.78 0 17,360 1.57 0 0 New
Union of Intergenerational Solidarity – Cohesion for Lithuania 5,807 0.51 0 2,753 0.23 0 0 New
Lithuanian People's Party 2,950 0.26 0 1,087 0.10 0 0 ±0
Independents 43,756 3.95 0 41,936 4.78 4 4 ±0
Invalid/blank votes 41,401 61,585 36,535
Total 1,174,843 100 70 1,168,350 100 3 917,720 100 68 141 ±0
Registered voters/turnout 2,457,722 47.80 2,457,722 47.54 2,355,726 38.96
Source: Central Electoral Commission[11]

Analysis[edit]

The Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats once again received a plurality of votes, similar to the prior elections, and achieved much more success in constituency seats, which made up most of its net gain of 19 seats. Overall Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats received its largest share of votes and seats since 1996. All parties involved in the pre-election coalition, including the Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union, Social Democratic Labour Party, and Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance, lost seats compared to what they held prior, with the Farmers and Greens losing over 40% of their prior seats.

The Electoral Action of Poles also failed to make the 5% threshold for national list seats for the first time since 2008 (although the party's support was declining ever since 2014 European Parliament election).[13] The Social Democratic Party lost a further four seats, achieving its worst seat result since 1992, and its worst vote result since 1996, while the new Freedom Party saw success, obtaining 11 seats less than two years after its split from the Liberal Movement. The Labour Party saw a rebound at the national level from its disappointing performance in 2016, gaining 8 seats overall and obtaining nearly 10% of the popular vote. Freedom and Justice, which was formed by a merger of Order and Justice (which received 8 seats in the 2016 elections) and the Lithuanian Freedom Union (Liberals), received one constituency seat.

Overall, the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats, the Liberal Movement and the Freedom Party got most support from the cities. For example, both in Vilnius and Kaunas these three parties combined won 52 per cent and 50 per cent of votes respectively.[13]

Turnout was roughly 47% in the first round, and 39% in the second round.

In one of the single-member constituencies (51st Utena) a second round produced an equal number of recorded votes for two candidates: Edmundas Pupinis of the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats, and Gintautas Paluckas of the Social Democratic Party. After a recount, Pupinis was declared the winner with 7,076 votes (Paluckas received 7,071 votes).[14] Despite this, the Social Democratic Party disputed the constituency result as the chairman of the 51st Utena single-member constituency electoral commission turned out to be a staff member of candidate Pupinis. After a recount by the Central Electoral Commission, Pupinis was again declared the winner with 7,078 votes (in this case Gintautas Paluckas received 7,072 votes).[15]

Aftermath[edit]

As no party or electoral coalition won a majority of seats (71), a coalition had to be formed. On 15 October, four days after the first round, the leaders of the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats, the Liberal Movement, and the Freedom Party published a joint declaration, which stated that all three parties nominate Ingrida Šimonytė as their joint candidate to be Prime Minister of Lithuania.[16]

On 4 November, a second nationwide lockdown and quarantine began. Unlike during the rest of the year, the official numbers of cases and deaths rose exponentially in November and December (see COVID-19 effects).

On 9 November, a formal coalition agreement between the three aforementioned parties was announced.[17] On 13 November, Viktorija Čmilytė-Nielsen of the Liberal Movement was elected as Speaker of the Seimas. On 24 November, Ingrida Šimonytė was appointed as Prime Minister of Lithuania.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Percentage share of valid votes; Lithuanian Central Electoral Committee present figures including both valid and invalid votes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Numatomi rinkimai" [Upcoming elections] (in Lithuanian). Central Elections Commission. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Law on Elections to the Seimas". Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Konstitucinis Teismas R. Paksui vilties nesuteikė" [The constitutional court did not give R. Paksas hope]. Delfi.lt (in Lithuanian). 20 March 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  4. ^ Važgauskaitė, Jūratė. "Seimas nuleido rinkimų kartelę ir tiems, kurie neturėjo vilčių". tv3.lt.
  5. ^ Gudavičius, Stasys. "Valdantieji sieks atmesti prezidento veto sumažintai rinkimų kartelei". vz.lt.
  6. ^ https://www.vz.lt/verslo-aplinka/2019/10/09/perbraizomas-rinkimu-zemelapis-vilniuje-pagauses-apygardu-
  7. ^ "Prasidėjo išankstinis balsavimas Seimo rinkimuose. Balsuoti iš anksto bus galima net keturias dienas". October 5, 2020.
  8. ^ "Saviizoliacijoje esantiems rinkėjams – specialios balsavimo vietos". www.vrk.lt. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  9. ^ Gudavičius, Stasys. "Partijos išsirikiavo rinkimų biuletenyje: "Drąsos kelias" – pirmas, LVŽS gavo 13 numerį". vz.lt.
  10. ^ "Valstiečius palikęs A. Kirkutis pažėrė kritikos partijos vadovybei: kliuvo ir R. Karbauskiui, ir A. Verygai". lrytas.lt. August 27, 2020.
  11. ^ "Elections to the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania, 11 October 2020". Central Electoral Commission. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  12. ^ "Voter Turnout in the 2020 Seimas Election" (in Lithuanian). 2020-10-11. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  13. ^ a b Aurimas, Stabinis. "Apie kokius politinius reiškinius signalizuoja Seimo rinkimai ?". atviraklaipeda.lt.
  14. ^ Brunalas, Benas (2020-10-27). "5 balsų kaina: perskaičiavus balsus Paluckas Utenoje turėjo pripažinti Pupinio pergalę". LRT (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  15. ^ https://www.lrt.lt/naujienos/lietuvoje/2/1266611/trecias-kartas-nemelavo-perskaiciavus-balsus-utenos-vienmandateje-rinkimu-apygardoje-laimejo-pupinis
  16. ^ Landsbergis, Gabrielius (26 October 2020). "Trijų partijų vadovai paskelbė bendrą deklaraciją". TS-LKD (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  17. ^ https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1272062/lithuania-s-liberal-and-conservative-parties-sign-coalition-agreement