2020 Malian protests
|2020 Malian protests|
|Part of the Mali War|
|Date||5 June – 19 August 2020|
|Parties to the civil conflict|
|Deaths and injuries|
Protests in Mali began on 5 June 2020 when protesters gathered in the streets of Bamako, calling for Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta to resign as president of Mali. The protests ended after a coup d'état on 18 August. Both the president and prime minister of Mali were detained that afternoon, and in the evening they announced their resignations.
Numerous factors led to the formation of the 5 June Movement and the August coup d’etat.
Tensions had been seething ever since irregularities were reported during the 2018 Malian presidential election. The on-going Mali War in the Tuareg-controlled northern region intensified the situation. Human Rights Watch (HRW) reports have documented army abuses against civilians in the central Mopti and Segou regions, dozens of attacks by armed groups in 2019 that resulted in 456 civilian deaths and hundreds of injuries. Another twelve people were killed due to dissident Fulani in Mopti attacks in April.
The First round of the 2020 elections
After repeated postponements, the first round of the 2020 Parliamentary election was finally held on 29 March 2020. Opposition leader Soumaïla Cissé and members of his electoral team were kidnapped by jihadists three days before the election. He was released on 6 October. Polling stations were ransacked, village leaders were kidnapped, and a roadside bomb killed nine people including three soldiers on election day, 29 March. Voter turnout was only 12% in Bamako.
The Second round of the 2020 elections
Incidents on 19 April prevented some people from casting votes, and on 30 April the Constitutional Court overturned the results in 31 districts, giving Rally for Mali, which is led by President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, ten more seats than originally expected. Opposition parties led by Iman Mahmoud Dicko established the Mouvement du 5 juin - Rassemblement des forces patriotiques (in French) (5 June Movement - Rally of Patriotic Forces) on 30 May, and thousands took to the streets in protest on 5 June.
Tens of thousands of Malians protested again on 19 June, demanding the resignation of President Keïta.
President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta and Imam Mahmoud Dicko met on 5 July, but the opposition continued to call for civil disobedience to force Keïta's resignation and the dissolution of Parliament.
Protests turned violent on 10 July. For the next three days, protesters in Bamako clashed with security forces, and security forces reportedly fired live rounds at the protesters, killing at least 11 and injuring 124.
On 23 July, Presidents Muhammadu Buhari (Nigeria), Mahamadou Issoufou (Niger), Nana Akufo-Addo (Ghana), Alassane Ouattara (Côte d'Ivoire), and Macky Sall (Senegal) arrived in Bamako to meet with President Keïta and opposition leaders after a failed ECOWAS mediation mission.
On 27 July, ECOWAS called for the creation of a unity government and warned of sanctions.
Nine new judges, said to be Keïta supporters, were appointed to the Constitutional Court on 10 August, in response to ECOWAS' demands for reform.
Thousands gathered in Independence Square in Bamako on 11 August, where they were met with tear gas and water cannons.
The opposition announced daily protests starting 17 August.
Early in the morning of 19 August, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta announced his resignation and dissolved parliament. Mahmoud Dicko announced that he was leaving politics. Colonel Assimi Goïta is appointed to head the new government, the Comité national pour le salut du peuple (in French) (National Committee for the Salvation of the People, CNSP).
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A video posted on the presidency's Twitter account showed the meeting between President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita and Mahmoud Dicko, an imam and leading figure of the so-called June 5 movement, in the capital, Bamako, on Saturday.
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Bloody protests broke out in the capital, Bamako, on Friday and Saturday, with reports saying security forces fired live rounds during clashes with demonstrators, some of whom had occupied state buildings. [...] A senior official at an emergency department of a major hospital in Bamako was quoted by AFP news agency as saying 11 people died and 124 were injured since Friday.
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