2020 Nobel Peace Prize

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nobel prize medal.svg 2020 Nobel Peace Prize
World Food Programme (WFP)
World Food Programme Logo Simple.svg
"for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict."
Date
LocationOslo, Norway
Presented byNorwegian Nobel Committee
Reward(s)9.0 million SEK
First awarded1901
WebsiteOfficial website

The 2020 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the World Food Programme (founded in 1961) by the Norwegian Nobel Committee. The announcement was made on Friday 9 October at 11:00 CEST.[1]

Candidates[edit]

There were 318 candidates for the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize (211 individuals and 107 organizations), which is the fourth largest number in the history of the prize.[2] However, the Norwegian Nobel Committee does not reveal the names of nominators nor of the nominees for the Nobel Peace Prize before 50 years have passed. Full professors in relevant academic fields and national-level politicians in any country may propose candidates, and it does not require an invitation to submit a nomination; sometimes nominators make their proposals public, but the committee does not verify nominations.[3][4]

Nominations confirmed by the various News Agencies
Nominee Country Motivations Nominator(s) Source
Individuals
Loujain al-Hathloul (b. 1989)  Saudi Arabia "for her peaceful struggle for the equal rights of women in Saudi Arabia" 8 members of U.S. House of Representatives [5][6]
Jacinda Ardern (b. 1980)  New Zealand "for her quick response to tackle the situation after the Christchurch terror attack" [7][8]
Julian Assange (b. 1971)  Australia "for having exposed the architecture of abuse and war and fortified the architecture of peace despite the risks and sacrifices" 17 members of the German Parliament [9][10]
Chelsea Manning (b. 1987)  United States
Edward Snowden (b. 1983)  United States
Leila de Lima (b. 1959)  Philippines "for her campaign against extrajudicial killings and stand against dictatorial regimes" Hakima El Haite (b. 1963) [11]
Maggie Gobran (b. 1949)  Egypt "in recognition of her constant commitment and dedication to serving illiterate and poor women throughout Egypt" Garnett Genuis (b. 1987) [12][13]
Greta Thunberg (b. 2003)  Sweden "[with FFM] for their tireless work to make politicians open their eyes to global climate crisis"
[14]
Individuals
Arctic Council
(founded in 1996)
 Norway "for leading intergovernmental forums for cooperation, coordination and interaction among the countries on common Arctic issues" [15]
Fridays for Future Movement
(founded in 2018)
 Sweden "[with Thunberg] for their tireless work to make politicians open their eyes to global climate crisis"
[14]
People of Hong Kong  Hong Kong "for the community's fight for freedom of speech and basic democracy" Guri Melby (b. 1981) [16]
International Space Station (ISS)  United States
 Russia
 Japan
 Europe
 Canada
"for space-faring nations' multinational effort to work together in a focused peaceful enterprise to design, launch, assemble, and operate an outpost for humans at the edge of space" Kårstein Eidem Løvaas (b. 1967) [17]
World Health Organization (WHO)
(founded in 1948)
United States} "for its efforts to address the global Covid-19 pandemic" [18]

Nobel Committee[edit]

Tasked with reviewing nominations from September of the previous year through 1 February and ultimately selecting the Prize winners,[19] the Norwegian Parliament-appointed members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee at the time of the 2020 prize were listed as:[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prize announcement dates". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Nomination and selection of Peace Prize Laureates". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  3. ^ Nominasjon, Norwegian Nobel Committee
  4. ^ Kriterier for forslagsstillere, Norwegian Nobel Committee
  5. ^ "Saudi Arabia: Members of U.S. House of Representatives Nominate Loujain Alhathloul for the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize". Freedom Now. 31 January 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  6. ^ Rayhan Uddin (8 October 2020). "Nobel Peace Prize 2020: The Middle East names and stories to look out for". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Jacinda Ardern tipped to win Nobel Peace Prize despite competition from Thunberg, Trump". The New Zealand Herald. 29 September 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  8. ^ Rob Picheta (3 October 2020). "Ardern, Navalny, WHO - but not Trump. A diverse list of contenders for the Nobel Peace Prize". CNN. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  9. ^ Jack Connor (20 February 2020). "2020 Nobel nominees: Julian Assange, Edward Snowden & Chelsea Manning". TweakTown. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  10. ^ "2020 List of Valid Nobel Peace Prize Nominations". worldbeyondwar.org. February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  11. ^ "LI President nominates Senator Leila de Lima for the Nobel Peace Prize". Liberal International. 7 April 2020. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  12. ^ Mira Maged (14 February 2020). "Egypt's Mama Maggie nominated for 2020 Nobel Prize". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  13. ^ Shaker, Nada (5 March 2020). "Egypt's Coptic philanthropist nominated for Nobel Prize - Al-Monitor: The Pulse of the Middle East". www.al-monitor.com. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  14. ^ a b Moore, Mark (3 February 2020). "Greta Thunberg nominated for Nobel Peace Prize". New York Post. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  15. ^ Michael Wenger. "Arctic Council as a candidate for the Nobel Peace Prize". polarjournal.ch. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  16. ^ "Norwegian lawmaker nominates Hongkongers for 2020 Nobel Peace Prize to rally international support for city's anti-government protesters". South China Morning Post. 16 October 2019. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  17. ^ Michael Roberts (5 August 2020). "Why the International Space Station Deserves Consideration for a Nobel Peace Prize". issnationallab.org.
  18. ^ "Here Are the Favorites to Win the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize". Time.
  19. ^ "News Navigator: Why is the Nobel Peace Prize awarded in Norway?". Mainichi Daily News. 4 December 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  20. ^ "The Norwegian Nobel Committee". The Nobel Peace Prize. Retrieved 27 May 2020.