2020 North Macedonian parliamentary election

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2020 North Macedonian parliamentary election

← 2016 12 April 2020

All 120 seats in the Assembly of the Republic
  First party Second party Third party
  Hristijan Mickoski EPP Western Balkans Summit, 16 May 2018, Sofia, Bulgaria.jpg Zaev.jpg Ali Ahmeti.jpg
Leader Hristijan Mickoski Zoran Zaev Ali Ahmeti
Party VMRO-DPMNE SDSM BDI
Leader since 2017 2013 2002
Last election 51 seats 49 seats 10 seats

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Leader Ziadin Sela Bilal Kasami
Party Alliance for Albanians Besa Movement
Leader since 2016 2014
Last election 3 seats 5 seats

Prime Minister before election

Oliver Spasovski
SDSM

Appointed Prime Minister

TBD

Early parliamentary elections are planned to be held in North Macedonia on 12 April 2020. The next parliamentary elections had been scheduled for November 2020, but Prime Minister Zoran Zaev called early elections after the European Council failed to come to an agreement on starting talks with North Macedonia on joining the European Union in October 2019.

Background[edit]

On 17 October 2019 the European Council did not give North Macedonia and Albania a date to start European Union membership negotiations, after it was opposed by French President Emmanuel Macron. The rejection was seen as a blow to Prime Minister Zoran Zaev's government in North Macedonia.[1] Previously, in February 2019 the country formally changed its name from Macedonia to North Macedonia to resolve a longstanding dispute with Greece that blocked it from joining the European Union and NATO,[2] after high level talks between Prime Minister Zaev and his Greek counterpart Alexis Tsipras throughout 2018 led to the decision.[3][4][5] In May 2019 the candidate from Zaev's SDSM party, Stevo Pendarovski, won in the presidential election in a run off vote.[6]

In response to the European Council's decision, it was announced by Zaev that early parliamentary elections would be held on 12 April 2020.[7][8][9][10] The date was chosen because it is expected North Macedonia will be a full member of NATO by then.[11] This will be the first parliamentary election since the name change went into effect.

Electoral system[edit]

Of the 123 seats in the Assembly of the Republic, 120 are elected from six 20-seat constituencies in North Macedonia using closed list proportional representation, with seats allocated using the d'Hondt method. The remaining three seats are elected by Macedonians living abroad,[12] but are only filled if the number of votes exceeds that of the elected candidate with the fewest votes in North Macedonia in the previous election. If a list crosses this threshold, it wins one seat; to win two seats, a list needs to win twice the number of votes, and to win three seats the threshold is three times the number of votes. These seats were not filled in the 2016 elections due to insufficient turnout.[13].

Campaign[edit]

Both Zaev's Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM) and the nationalist opposition VMRO-DPMNE, which opposes the name change to North Macedonia, began campaigning by early October 2019 as it seemed there would be a snap election. The SDSM campaign emphasised the party's role in the country's Euro-Atlantic integration, including resolving the dispute with Greece and securing NATO membership. The VMRO campaign opposes the name change and accuses the government of corruption.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ European Council Fails to Reward North Macedonia, Albania Balkan Insight, 17 October 2019.
  2. ^ North Macedonia name change enters force Deutsche Welle, 12 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Greece and FYROM PMs to meet over 'Macedonia' name dispute". www.neoskosmos.com. Neos Kosmos. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  4. ^ "PMs to meet after 'Macedonia' name dispute rally in Greece". www.sbs.com. SBS. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Tsipras and Zaev unblock Euro-integration process". Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  6. ^ North Macedonia's pro-Western candidate wins presidential vote Reuters, 4 May 2019.
  7. ^ Early Elections Test North Macedonia’s Unity over EU Drive Balkan Insight, 21 October 2019.
  8. ^ Debeuf, Koert (21 October 2019). Snap elections in North Macedonia after EU rejection. EU Observer.
  9. ^ North Macedonian leaders agree to hold snap election on April 12 Reuters, 20 October 2019.
  10. ^ North Macedonia Sets Date for Snap Election After EU Talks Fail Bloomberg, 20 October 2019
  11. ^ North Macedonia to enter NATO by April 2020, Ministers announce. European Western Balkans, 25 September 2019.
  12. ^ Electoral system IPU
  13. ^ Early Parliamentary Elections 11 December 2016 OSCE
  14. ^ North Macedonia Parties Gear up for Possible Elections Balkan Insight, 4 October 2019.