2020 Summer Olympics
Tokyo Olympics Logo
|Host city||Tokyo, Japan|
未来(あした)をつかもう ('Ashita o tsukamō')
|Opening ceremony||24 July|
|Closing ceremony||9 August|
|Stadium||National Olympic Stadium|
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The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXII Olympiad (第三十二回オリンピック競技大会 Dai Sanjūni-kai Orinpikku Kyōgi Taikai) and commonly known as Tokyo 2020, is a major international multi-sport event due to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The games are planned to be held from 24 July – 9 August 2020 in Tokyo, Japan. Tokyo was announced as the host city at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 7 September 2013. Tokyo previously hosted the 1964 Summer Olympic Games, and in 2020 will become the fifth city (and the first city in Asia) to host the Summer Olympic Games more than once. Tokyo will also be hosting the 2020 Summer Paralympics.
- 1 Bidding
- 2 Development and preparation
- 3 Sports
- 4 Calendar
- 5 Venues
- 6 Media
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 External links
The IOC voted to select the host city of the 2020 Summer Olympics on 7 September 2013 at the 125th IOC Session at the Buenos Aires Hilton in Buenos Aires, Argentina. An exhaustive ballot system was used. No city won over 50% of the votes in the first round, and Madrid and Istanbul were tied for second place. A run-off vote between these two cities was held to determine which would be eliminated. In the final vote, a head-to-head contest between Tokyo and Istanbul, Tokyo was selected by 60 votes to 36.
|2020 Summer Olympics host city election|
|City||NOC name||Round 1||Runoff||Round 2|
Development and preparation
The Tokyo metropolitan government set aside a fund of ¥400 billion Japanese yen (over $3 billion USD) to cover the cost of hosting the Games. The Japanese government is considering increasing slot capacity at both Haneda Airport and Narita Airport by easing airspace restrictions. A new railway line is planned to link both airports through an expansion of Tokyo Station, cutting travel time from Tokyo Station to Haneda from 30 minutes to 18 minutes, and from Tokyo Station to Narita from 55 minutes to 36 minutes; the line would cost ¥400 billion yen and would be funded primarily by private investors. But East JR is planning a new route near Tamachi to Haneda Airport. Funding is also planned to accelerate completion of the Central Circular Route, Tokyo Gaikan Expressway and Ken-Ō Expressway, and to refurbish other major expressways in the area. There are also plans to extend the Yurikamome automated transit line from its existing terminal at Toyosu Station to a new terminal at Kachidoki Station, passing the site of the Olympic Village, although the Yurikamome would still not have adequate capacity to serve major events in the Odaiba area on its own.
Following the 2012 Games, the IOC assessed the 26 sports held in London, with the remit of selecting 25 'core' sports to join new entrants golf and rugby sevens at the 2020 Games. In effect, this would involve the dropping of one sport from the 2016 Games program. This would leave a single vacancy in the 2020 Games program, which the IOC would seek to fill from a shortlist containing seven unrepresented sports and the removed sport. Events such as modern pentathlon, taekwondo and badminton were among those considered vulnerable.
On 12 February 2013, IOC leaders voted to drop wrestling from the Olympic program, a surprise decision that removed one of the oldest Olympic sports from the 2020 Games. Wrestling, which combines freestyle and Greco-Roman events, goes back to the inaugural modern Olympics in Athens in 1896, and even further to the Ancient Olympic Games. The decision to drop wrestling was opposed in many countries and by their NOCs. Wrestling therefore joined seven other sports in a list of eight applying for inclusion in the 2020 Games.
On 29 May 2013, it was announced that three sports remained in contention: squash, baseball/softball, and wrestling. Five other sports (karate, roller sports, sport climbing, wakeboarding, and wushu) were excluded from consideration at this point. On 8 September at the 125th IOC Session, the IOC selected wrestling to be included in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024. Wrestling secured 49 votes, while baseball/softball secured 24 votes and squash got 22 votes.
Under new IOC policies instituted as part of the Olympic Agenda 2020 that shift the Games to an "event-based" programme rather than sport-based, the host organizing committee can now also propose the addition of sports to the programme—with a particular focus on adding sports that are popular in the host country. As a result of these changes, a new shortlist of eight sports were unveiled in June 2015 for a vote in August 2015. These sports include baseball/softball, bowling, karate, roller sports, sport climbing, squash, surfing, and wushu.
This calendar is adapted from the candidature file.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Gold medals||CC||Closing ceremony|
|July / August||22
|Total gold medals||0||0||0||11||16||16||21||19||19||23||21||25||20||19||15||23||17||30||11||306|
|July / August||22
It was confirmed in February 2012 that the National Olympic Stadium in Tokyo would receive a $1 billion upgrade and full–scale reconstruction for the 2019 Rugby World Cup as well as the 2020 Olympics. As a result, a design competition for the new stadium was launched. In November 2012 the Japan Sport Council announced that out of 46 finalists, Zaha Hadid Architects was awarded the design for the new stadium. Plans include dismantling the original stadium, and expanding the capacity from 50,000 to a modern Olympic capacity of about 80,000.
28 of the 33 competition venues in Tokyo are within 8 kilometres (5 miles) of the Olympic Village. 11 new venues are to be constructed.
Seven venues will be located within the central business area of Tokyo, northwest of the Olympic Village. Several of these venues were also used for the 1964 Summer Olympics.
- National Olympic Stadium – Opening and Closing Ceremonies, Athletics, Football (Final)
- Yoyogi National Gymnasium – Handball
- Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium – Table tennis
- Nippon Budokan – Judo
- Tokyo International Forum – Weight Lifting
- Imperial Palace Garden – Cycling (Road)
- Kokugikan Arena – Boxing
Tokyo Bay Zone
- Kasai Rinkai Park – Canoe Kayak (slalom)
- Oi Seaside Park – Hockey
- Olympic Aquatics Centre – Aquatics (swimming, diving and synchronised swimming)
- Tatsumi International Swimming Center - Water polo
- Dream Island Stadium – Equestrian (jumping, dressage and eventing)
- Dream Island Archery Field – Archery
- Youth Plaza Arenas – Basketball
- Ariake Arena – Volleyball
- Olympic Velodrome – Cycling (track)
- Olympic BMX Course – Cycling (BMX)
- Olympic Gymnastic Centre – Gymnastics (artistic, rhythmic and trampoline)
- Ariake Coliseum – Tennis
- Odaiba Marine Park – Triathlon and Aquatics (marathon swimming)
- Shiokaze Park – Beach Volleyball
- Sea Forest Cross–Country Course – Equestrian (eventing)
- Sea Forest Waterway – Rowing and Canoe Kayak (sprint)
- Sea Forest Mountain Bike Course – Cycling (mountain bike)
Sites farther than 8 km (5 miles) from the Olympic Village
- Asaka Shooting Range – Shooting
- Musashino Forest Sport Centre – Modern pentathlon (fencing), badminton
- Tokyo Stadium – Football, modern pentathlon (swimming, riding, running, shooting) and rugby sevens
- Kasumigaseki Country Club – Golf
- Saitama Super Arena - Basketball
- Enoshima - Sailing
- Makuhari Messe - Fencing, taekwondo and wrestling
- National Olympic Stadium
- Tokyo Stadium
- International Stadium Yokohama
- Saitama Stadium 2002
- Sapporo Dome
- Miyagi Stadium
- Imperial Hotel, Tokyo – IOC
- Harumi Futo – Olympic Village
- Tokyo Big Sight – Media Press Center, International Broadcast Center
Worldwide Olympic Partners
- The Coca-Cola Company
- Dow Chemical Company
- Electronic Arts
- General Electric
- Omega SA
- Procter & Gamble
- Samsung Electronics
- Visa Inc.
The Gold Partners
- Asahi Breweries
- Canon Inc.
- JX Holdings
- Tokio Marine Nichido
- Nippon Life
- NEC Corporation
- Nippon Telegraph and Telephone
- Nomura Holdings
- Mizuho Financial Group
- Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group
- Mitsui Fudosan
On 6 January 2011, the IOC announced that it was considering packaging the U.S. television rights for four Olympics instead of the usual two: the 2016 and 2020 Summer Olympics, and the 2014 and 2018 Winter Olympics. The IOC's lead negotiator Richard Carrion told the Associated Press the bidding war would be waged among NBC, ESPN, Fox and perhaps a CBS/Turner coalition. "We realize this is a major decision going forward for any of these guys," the IOC member from Puerto Rico said. "I would certainly support it if they want to go to four games, and do all the way to 2020."
IOC president Jacques Rogge heads the exclusive TV Rights and New Media Commission, but the organization of bidding falls to Carrion, who meets regularly with the networks to stoke interest in airing Sochi 2014 and Rio de Janeiro 2016. In packaging four Olympics, Carrion had another two Games to sell, but the 2018 host city would not be selected until 6 July 2011, and the 2020 host until 2013. The IOC took its time to seek a new deal for the U.S., hoping to ride out a recession to get the best price possible. The U.S. television rights are the IOC's single-largest source of revenue.
On 29 June 2015, the IOC announced that Discovery Communications—owner of Eurosport, had acquired exclusive rights to the Olympics from 2018 through 2024 across Europe, excluding Russia, on all platforms. Discovery will sub-license its broadcast rights to local free-to-air networks on a territorial basis. Discovery's rights deal will, initially, not cover France or the United Kingdom, due to pre-existing rights deals with the BBC and France Télévisions that conclude following the 2020 Games. Unlike previous pan-European deals, such as with the European Broadcasting Union and Sportfive, Discovery will not solely serve as a reseller, and intends to carry coverage on its regional properties, but has committed to sub-licensing at least 200 hours of coverage to free-to-air networks.
Below are the confirmed television right holders:
- Australia – Seven Network
- Canada – CBC/Radio-Canada, Bell Media, Rogers
- China – CCTV
- Europe – Discovery Communications, Eurosport
- France – France Télévisions, Canal+
- Japan – Japan Consortium
- North Korea – SBS
- South Korea – SBS
- United Kingdom – BBC
- United States – NBC
- "Olympics 2020: Tokyo wins race to host Games". BBC. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- "2020 Olympics Vote Total Box". Associated Press. Miami Herald. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- JR東日本、東京五輪を前に都心部と羽田空港結ぶ新路線整備を on YouTube
- "羽田・成田発着を拡大、五輪へインフラ整備急ぐ". 日本経済新聞. 10 September 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "五輪で東京に1000万人 過密都市ゆえの課題多く". 日本経済新聞. 10 September 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- PST (24 January 2014). "Mori heads Tokyo 2020 organizing committee - Yahoo Sports". Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/06/25/national/toshiaki-endo-appointed-olympics-minister/ Toshiaki Endo appointed Olympics minister]
- Wilson, Stephen. "IOC Drops Wrestling From 2020 Olympics". ABC. Associated Press. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Supron odesłał medal IO na znak protestu - Sporty walki - www.orange.pl
- Staff (14 February 2013). "IOC drops wrestling from 2020 Olympics". ESPN. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- Gallagher, Jack (6 March 2013). "Wrestlers promote Tokyo's 2020 Olympic bid". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- Staff (3 March 2013). "Bulgaria's wrestling coach starts hunger strike". USA Today. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- IOC: Baseball/softball, squash and wrestling make cut for IOC Session vote in Buenos Aires
- "Wrestling added to Olympic programme for 2020 and 2024 Games". IOC. 8 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- "Olympic Agenda 2020 Recommendations" (PDF). IOC. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
- "Olympic Games: Snooker misses out on 2020 Tokyo place". BBC Sport. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
- "Candidature file for the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics" (PDF). p. 8-9. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Super Bowl Ads; Japan National Stadium Upgrade; Contador Banned
- New National Stadium design announced, boosting Tokyo Olympic bid
- "Tokyo 2020 candidature file - section 8 - Sports and Venues" (PDF). Tokyo 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- Originally to be held at Water Polo Arena in Koto, Tokyo; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Badminton originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Rugby sevens originally to be held at National Olympic Stadium; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; proposal for venue change to Saitama Super Arena in late 2014 was confirmed in March 2015 by the IOC. "IOC supports Tokyo’s plans to relocate Olympic venues". The Japan Times. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2015. "Moving 2020 hoops to Saitama latest blow for game". The Japan Times. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- Originally to be held at Wakasu Olympic Marina; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- All three events originally to be held at Tokyo Big Sight; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Fukase, Atsuko (15 April 2015). "2020 Tokyo Olympics Attract Record Sponsorship". The Wall Street Journal Japan Real Time. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Bidders Want U.S. TV Rights Through 2020; Sochi Progress". Aroundtherings.com. 6 January 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- McCarthy, Michael (7 June 2011). "NBC wins U.S. TV rights to four Olympic Games through 2020". USA Today.
- "IOC awards European broadcast rights to SPORTFIVE". ESPN. 18 February 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- "Discovery Lands European Olympic Rights Through ’24". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
- "BBC dealt another blow after losing control of TV rights for Olympics". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- "Seven Network reclaims rights to broadcast Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro in 2016 and Tokyo in 2020". News.com.au. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- "IOC awards 2018-2020 broadcast rights in Canada". International Olympic Committee (Olympic.org). 28 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "CBC Joins with Bell, Rogers to Deliver 2018, 2020 Olympics". sportscastermagazine. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "IOC awards 2018-2024 broadcast rights in China". International Olympic Committee (Olympic.org). 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- "IOC awards all TV and multiplatform broadcast rights in Europe to Discovery and Eurosport for 2018-2024 Olympic Games". International Olympic Committee (Olympic.org). 29 June 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "IOC awards TV rights in Germany, Korea, France". USA Today. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- Kennedy, Mike (16 June 2015). "France Télévisions in Canal Plus sub-licensing deal". SportsPro. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "IOC awards 2018-2024 broadcast rights in Japan". International Olympic Committee (Olympic.org). 19 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "IOC awards SBS broadcast rights for 2018, 2020, 2022 and 2024 Olympic Games". Olympic.org. 4 July 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "IOC awards broadcast rights in United Kingdom for 2014, 2016, 2018 and 2020 Olympic Games to the BBC". Olympic.org. 18 July 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "IOC awards US broadcast rights for 2014, 2016, 2018 and 2020 Olympic Games to NBCUniversal". Olympic.org. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2020 Summer Olympics.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games 2020.|
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XXXII Olympiad (2020)