2020 Tour de France
|2020 UCI World Tour, race 12 of 23|
Route of the 2020 Tour de France
|Dates||29 August — 20 September|
|Distance||3,484.2 km (2,165 mi)|
|Winning time||87h 20' 05"|
The 2020 Tour de France was the 107th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's three Grand Tours. Originally scheduled to start on 27 June 2020, it was postponed until 29 August 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in France. The race began in Nice on 29 August and concluded with its traditional run on the Champs-Élysées on 20 September. A total of 176 riders from 22 teams participated in the race. The overall general classification was won for the first time by a Slovenian, Tadej Pogačar of UAE Team Emirates. Countryman Primož Roglič (Team Jumbo-Visma) finished second, while Australian Richie Porte (Trek–Segafredo) came third.
Alexander Kristoff won the bunch sprint on stage 1 to take the first yellow jersey of the tour. Julian Alaphilippe, who led much of the previous year's tour, took the lead of the race after winning stage 2. Alaphilippe received a 20 second penalty for receiving food too close to the finish on stage 5 and lost his lead to Adam Yates. Yates held the lead for four stages before losing significant time in the mountainous stage 9, handing the lead to Roglič. Roglič held the yellow jersey for 11 stages, but was overtaken during the penultimate stage 20 time trial by Pogačar. With only the traditional procession on the Champs-Élysées remaining, Pogačar easily held his lead on the final stage.
The points classification was won by Deceuninck–Quick-Step's Sam Bennett. The mountains classification and the young rider classification were both won by Pogačar, making him the first rider to win the yellow, polka dot, and white jerseys in the same year. Movistar Team won the team classification for the third consecutive year. Marc Hirschi of Team Sunweb was named the overall most combative rider. Pogačar won the most stages, with three.
The 2020 Tour was in jeopardy of being cancelled as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic resulting in a virtual Tour being held using Zwift. On 14 April the International Cycling Union (UCI) announced the start of the 2020 Tour would be postponed until 29 August, with the Giro d’Italia and Vuelta a España to follow in October.
The 2020 Tour de France peloton consisted of 22 teams. All nineteen UCI WorldTeams were entitled, and obliged, to enter the race. Additionally, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), the organisers of the Tour, invited three second-tier UCI ProTeams to participate in the event. The teams were announced on 7 January 2020. With every team fielding eight riders, 176 riders started the race in Nice. As 30 riders abandoned during the race, 146 riders made it to the finish line on the Champs-Élysées in Paris.
Teams that participated:
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Pre-race predictions in the media, as well as by the bookmakers, on the general classification, changed with the postponement of the Tour. Ineos Grenadiers's Egan Bernal, the defending champion, will seek to win a second consecutive title. Bernal's teammates, Geraint Thomas, who won in 2018, as well as four-time Tour winner Chris Froome, both are not participating after sub-par showings in the Critérium du Dauphiné. Thibaut Pinot (Groupama–FDJ), who was among the top contenders the previous year but had to abandon due to injury, is another top contender. Team Jumbo–Visma's duo of Primož Roglič, winner of the 2019 Vuelta a Espana, and Tom Dumoulin are also seen as top contenders, as was their teammate Steven Kruijswijk, who finished third the previous year, but had to withdraw from this year's race following an injury sustained in the Critérium du Dauphiné a few weeks prior to the Tour's start. Other riders considered as top contenders include: Miguel Ángel López (Astana), Romain Bardet, Emanuel Buchmann (Bora–Hansgrohe), who finished fourth in the previous year's Tour, Mikel Landa (Bahrain–McLaren), Guillaume Martin (Cofidis), Daniel Martínez (winner of the Critérium du Dauphiné), Nairo Quintana (Arkéa–Samsic), Tadej Pogačar (UAE Team Emirates), who finished third in the 2019 Vuelta a España, Richie Porte and Bauke Mollema (Trek–Segafredo). One of many outside contenders is Julian Alaphilippe, who surprisingly wore the yellow jersey for 14 days the previous year and managed to finish fifth, but the Frenchman confirmed that his focus would be on winning stages and not targeting the general classification.
For the points classification, the big favorite is Slovakian Peter Sagan of Bora–Hansgrohe, who holds the record for the most wins of the points classification with seven. Despite this, there are many sprinters at the start of this Tour de France. Some of the other top favorites include Sam Bennett (Deceuninck–Quick-Step); Giacomo Nizzolo (NTT Pro Cycling), who won the Italian National Road Race Championships and the European Road Race Championships in the build-up to the Tour; Caleb Ewan (Lotto–Soudal), who won three stages the previous year; and Wout van Aert (Team Jumbo–Visma), winner of the 2020 Strade Bianche and 2020 Milan–San Remo. Other contenders are: Elia Viviani (Cofidis), Alexander Kristoff (UAE Team Emirates), Sonny Colbrelli (Bahrain–McLaren), and Matteo Trentin (CCC Team). However, according to Thierry Gouvenou, the director of competitions for ASO, the winner of the points classification may well be a general classification rider, due to the very mountainous profile of the Tour and the low number of stages suitable for the sprinters.
Many contenders for the mountains classification were mentioned, given that it tends to be very open and hard to predict. Among the participants are the past three winners: 2017 winner Warren Barguil (Arkéa–Samsic), 2018 winner Julian Alaphilippe, and 2019 winner Romain Bardet (AG2R La Mondiale). Other notable top contenders include: Pierre Latour (AG2R La Mondiale); Pierre Rolland (B&B Hotels–Vital Concept); Ilnur Zakarin and Alessandro De Marchi (CCC Team), Guillaume Martin and Nicolas Edet (Cofidis); Dan Martin (Israel Start-Up Nation); Thomas De Gendt and Tim Wellens (Lotto–Soudal); Adam Yates (Mitchelton–Scott); Tiesj Benoot (Team Sunweb), Lilian Calmejane (Total Direct Énergie); and Davide Formolo and David de la Cruz (UAE Team Emirates). General classification riders usually do well in the mountains classification too and are also seen as possible contenders.
The two main favorites for the young rider classification seem to be defending champion Egan Bernal and Tour debutant Tadej Pogačar. Bernal's teammate Pavel Sivakov, as well as Colombian duo Sergio Higuita and Daniel Martínez (EF Pro Cycling), and David Gaudu (Groupama–FDJ) are also expected to do well in this classification.
Two teams are considered the front-runners for the teams classification, and both are characterized by multiple general classification contenders as well as strong climbing domestiques. Ineos Grenadiers are led by defending champion Bernal and Carapaz; they previously won this classification in 2017. The British-based team are expected to be challenged by Team Jumbo–Visma, led by Roglič and Dumoulin, as well as EF Pro Cycling and Trek–Segafredo. Movistar Team, which has won the teams classification in four of the last five Tours, are also expected to challenge for the classification despite losing several of their general classification leaders to other teams.
Route and stages
The start of the 2020 Tour (known as the Grand Départ) took place in Nice. This was the second occasion that the city has held the Grand Départ, the first being for the 1981 Tour de France. This was the 36th occasion on which the Tour de France has visited Nice, and the first time since the 2013 Tour de France. This year's race took place entirely within France.
|1||29 August||Nice to Nice||156 km (97 mi)||Flat stage||Alexander Kristoff (NOR)|
|2||30 August||Nice to Nice||186 km (116 mi)||Medium mountain stage||Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)|
|3||31 August||Nice to Sisteron||198 km (123 mi)||Flat stage||Caleb Ewan (AUS)|
|4||1 September||Sisteron to Orcières-Merlette||160.5 km (99.7 mi)||Hilly stage||Primož Roglič (SLO)|
|5||2 September||Gap to Privas||183 km (114 mi)||Flat stage||Wout van Aert (BEL)|
|6||3 September||Le Teil to Mont Aigoual||191 km (119 mi)||Hilly stage||Alexey Lutsenko (KAZ)|
|7||4 September||Millau to Lavaur||168 km (104 mi)||Flat stage||Wout van Aert (BEL)|
|8||5 September||Cazères to Loudenvielle||141 km (88 mi)||Mountain stage||Nans Peters (FRA)|
|9||6 September||Pau to Laruns||153 km (95 mi)||Mountain stage||Tadej Pogačar (SLO)|
|7 September||Charente-Maritime||Rest day|
|10||8 September||Île d'Oléron to Île de Ré||168.5 km (104.7 mi)||Flat stage||Sam Bennett (IRL)|
|11||9 September||Châtelaillon-Plage to Poitiers||167 km (104 mi)||Flat stage||Caleb Ewan (AUS)|
|12||10 September||Chauvigny to Sarran||218 km (135 mi)||Hilly stage||Marc Hirschi (SUI)|
|13||11 September||Châtel-Guyon to Puy Mary||191.5 km (119.0 mi)||Medium mountain stage||Daniel Martínez (COL)|
|14||12 September||Clermont-Ferrand to Lyon||194 km (121 mi)||Flat stage||Søren Kragh Andersen (DEN)|
|15||13 September||Lyon to Grand Colombier||174.5 km (108.4 mi)||Mountain stage||Tadej Pogačar (SLO)|
|14 September||Isère||Rest day|
|16||15 September||La Tour-du-Pin to Villard-de-Lans||164 km (102 mi)||Mountain stage||Lennard Kämna (GER)|
|17||16 September||Grenoble to Méribel (Col de la Loze)||170 km (110 mi)||Mountain stage||Miguel Ángel López (COL)|
|18||17 September||Méribel to La Roche-sur-Foron||175 km (109 mi)||Mountain stage||Michał Kwiatkowski (POL)|
|19||18 September||Bourg-en-Bresse to Champagnole||166.5 km (103.5 mi)||Flat stage||Søren Kragh Andersen (DEN)|
|20||19 September||Lure to La Planche des Belles Filles||36.2 km (22.5 mi)||Mountain time trial||Tadej Pogačar (SLO)|
|21||20 September||Mantes-la-Jolie to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||122 km (76 mi)||Flat stage||Sam Bennett (IRL)|
|Total||3,484.2 km (2,165.0 mi)|
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Classification leadership and minor prizes
Four main individual classifications and a team competition are being contested in the race. The most important is the general classification, calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. Time bonuses (time subtracted) are awarded at the end of every stage apart from the time trial stages. The first three riders receive 10, 6, and 4 seconds, respectively. In an effort to animate racing in the general classification, time bonuses of 8, 5, and 2 seconds respectively are also awarded for the first three riders across a mountain summit, given out on eight climbs. These occur on stages 2, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 16, and 18. For crashes within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, any rider involved would receive the same time as the group he was in when the crash occurred. The rider with the lowest cumulative time is the winner of the general classification and is considered to be the overall winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there is a points classification. Riders receive points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish are determined by the stage's type, and sprints, with the first fifteen places in all receiving points. In flat stages, 50 points are given to the stage winner, down to 2 points for 15th place. In hilly stages, the winner gains 30 points, also down to 2 points. In mountain stages, individual time trials and intermediate sprints, 20 points are given to the winners, down to 1 point. The cyclist with the most points leads the classification, and is identified with a green jersey.
There is also a mountains classification. Most stages of the race includes one or more categorised climbs, in which points are awarded to the riders that reaches the summit first. The climbs are categorised as fourth-, third-, second-, and first-category and hors catégorie, with the more difficult climbs rated lower. Mountains ranked hors catégorie give 20 points to the first rider to cross the summit, down to 2 points to the 8th cyclist. For first-category climbs, 6 riders receive points, with 10 for the first rider to reach the summit. Second-, third- and fourth-category climbs give 5, 2 and 1 points to the first rider respectively. Double points are awarded at the top of the Méribel Col de la Loze in the seventeenth stage, the highest point in the 2020 Tour at 2,304 m (7,559 ft) above sea level. The cyclist with the most points leads the classification, wearing a white jersey with red polka dots.
The final individual classification is the young rider classification. This is calculated the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years are eligible. This means that in order to compete in the classification, a rider has to be born after 1 January 1995. The leader wears a white jersey.
The classification for the teams is calculated by adding together the times of the first three cyclists of a team on each stage; the leading team is the one with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team determines the outcome of a tie. The riders on the team that led this classification are identified with yellow number bibs on the back of their jerseys and yellow helmets.
In addition, there is a combativity award given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship". No combativity awards are given for the time trials and the final stage. The winner wears a red number bib for the following stage. At the conclusion of the Tour, the overall super-combativity award will be awarded by a jury.
A total of €2,293,000 is awarded in cash prizes in the race. The overall winner of the general classification receives €500,000, with the second and third placed riders getting €200,000 and €100,000 respectively. All finishers in the top 160 are awarded money. The holders of the classifications benefit on each stage they led; the final winners of the points and mountains are given €25,000, while the best young rider and most combative rider get €20,000. The team classification winners earn €50,000. €11,000 is given to the winners of each stage of the race, with smaller amounts given to places 2–20. There is also a special award with a prize of €5000: the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given to the first rider to pass the summit of the highest climb in the Tour, the Col de la Loze on stage 17.
- On stage 2, Peter Sagan, who was third in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Alexander Kristoff wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification, and second placed Mads Pedersen wore the white jersey as the leader of the young rider classification.
- On stage 18, Enric Mas, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because first placed Tadej Pogačar wore the polka-dot jersey as the leader of the mountains classification.
- On stage 21, Enric Mas, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because first placed Tadej Pogačar wore the yellow jersey as the leader of the general classification. For the same reason, Richard Carapaz, who was second in the mountains classification, wore the polka-dot jersey.
Final classification standings
|Denotes the winner of the general classification||Denotes the winner of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the points classification||Denotes the winner of the young rider classification|
|Denotes the winner of the team classification||Denotes the winner of the combativity award|
|1||Tadej Pogačar (SLO)||UAE Team Emirates||87h 20' 05"|
|2||Primož Roglič (SLO)||Team Jumbo–Visma||+ 59"|
|3||Richie Porte (AUS)||Trek–Segafredo||+ 3' 30"|
|4||Mikel Landa (ESP)||Bahrain–McLaren||+ 5' 58"|
|5||Enric Mas (ESP)||Movistar Team||+ 6' 07"|
|6||Miguel Ángel López (COL)||Astana||+ 6' 47"|
|7||Tom Dumoulin (NED)||Team Jumbo–Visma||+ 7' 48"|
|8||Rigoberto Urán (COL)||EF Pro Cycling||+ 8' 02"|
|9||Adam Yates (GBR)||Mitchelton–Scott||+ 9' 25"|
|10||Damiano Caruso (ITA)||Bahrain–McLaren||+ 14' 03"|
|1||Sam Bennett (IRL)||Deceuninck–Quick-Step||380|
|2||Peter Sagan (SVK)||Bora–Hansgrohe||284|
|3||Matteo Trentin (ITA)||CCC Team||260|
|4||Bryan Coquard (FRA)||B&B Hotels–Vital Concept||181|
|5||Wout van Aert (BEL)||Team Jumbo–Visma||174|
|6||Caleb Ewan (AUS)||Lotto–Soudal||170|
|7||Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)||Deceuninck–Quick-Step||150|
|8||Tadej Pogačar (SLO)||UAE Team Emirates||143|
|9||Søren Kragh Andersen (DEN)||Team Sunweb||138|
|10||Michael Mørkøv (DEN)||Deceuninck–Quick-Step||138|
|1||Tadej Pogačar (SLO)||UAE Team Emirates||82|
|2||Richard Carapaz (ECU)||Ineos Grenadiers||74|
|3||Primož Roglič (SLO)||Team Jumbo–Visma||67|
|4||Marc Hirschi (SUI)||Team Sunweb||62|
|5||Miguel Ángel López (COL)||Astana||51|
|6||Benoît Cosnefroy (FRA)||AG2R La Mondiale||36|
|7||Pierre Rolland (FRA)||B&B Hotels–Vital Concept||36|
|8||Richie Porte (AUS)||Trek–Segafredo||36|
|9||Nans Peters (FRA)||AG2R La Mondiale||32|
|10||Lennard Kämna (GER)||Bora–Hansgrohe||27|
Young rider classification
|1||Tadej Pogačar (SLO)||UAE Team Emirates||87h 20' 05"|
|2||Enric Mas (ESP)||Movistar Team||+ 6' 07"|
|3||Valentin Madouas (FRA)||Groupama–FDJ||+ 1h 42' 43"|
|4||Daniel Martínez (COL)||EF Pro Cycling||+ 1h 55' 12"|
|5||Lennard Kämna (GER)||Bora–Hansgrohe||+ 2h 15' 39"|
|6||Harold Tejada (COL)||Astana||+ 2h 37' 02"|
|7||Niklas Eg (DEN)||Trek–Segafredo||+ 2h 50' 04"|
|8||Marc Hirschi (SUI)||Team Sunweb||+ 2h 54' 34"|
|9||Neilson Powless (USA)||EF Pro Cycling||+ 3h 03' 09"|
|10||Pavel Sivakov (RUS)||Ineos Grenadiers||+ 4h 15' 38"|
|1||Movistar Team||262h 14' 58"|
|2||Team Jumbo–Visma||+ 18' 31"|
|3||Bahrain–McLaren||+ 57' 10"|
|4||EF Pro Cycling||+ 1h 16' 43"|
|5||Ineos Grenadiers||+ 1h 32' 01"|
|6||Trek–Segafredo||+ 1h 39' 39"|
|7||Astana||+ 1h 47' 15"|
|8||AG2R La Mondiale||+ 2h 58' 47"|
|9||UAE Team Emirates||+ 3h 06' 46"|
|10||Mitchelton–Scott||+ 3h 25' 10"|
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