2020 Trinidad and Tobago general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2020 Trinidad and Tobago general election

← 2015 10 August 2020 (2020-08-10) Next →

All 41 seats in the House of Representatives
21 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Turnout58.08% (Decrease 8.76pp)
  First party Second party
  KeithRowley.jpg Kamla Persad-Bissesar 2013.jpg
Leader Keith Rowley Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Party PNM UNC
Leader since 26 May 2010 24 January 2010
Leader's seat Diego Martin West Siparia
Last election 51.68%, 23 seats 39.61%, 17 seats
Seats won
22 / 41
19 / 41
Seat change Decrease1 Increase2
Popular vote 322,180 309,654
Percentage 49.05% 47.14%
Swing Decrease2.63pp Increase7.53pp

Trinidad and Tobago 2020 General Election Results Map.svg
Results by constituency

Prime Minister before election

Keith Rowley
PNM

Subsequent Prime Minister

Keith Rowley
PNM

General elections were held in Trinidad and Tobago on Monday, 10 August 2020,[1] to elect 41 members to the 12th Trinidad and Tobago Republican Parliament. It was the 14th election since gaining independence from the United Kingdom in 1962 and the 22nd national election in Trinidad and Tobago ever. Tracy Davidson-Celestine, political leader of the Tobago Council of the People's National Movement (PNM) became the first woman to lead a Tobagonian political party with representation in the House of Representatives. Additionally, two of the three largest parties elected in 2015, the United National Congress (UNC) and the Congress of the People (COP), were led by women.[2]

President Paula-Mae Weekes, with the advice of Prime Minister Keith Rowley, dissolved Parliament and issued the writs for the election on 3 July 2020.[3]

The first-term incumbent People's National Movement (PNM), led by incumbent Prime Minister Keith Rowley, won 22 seats to form a second five-year term majority government by defeating the opposition United National Congress, led by Opposition Leader Kamla Persad-Bissessar.[4][5][6] Her latest in a series of losses at the polls which commenced with the January 2013 Tobago House of Assembly election with the wipeout of her People's Partnership-led administration from the Tobago House of Assembly due to a landslide victory by the Tobago Council of the PNM, losses at the 2013 Trinidadian local elections, St. Joseph and Chaguanas West bye-elections, loss in the 2015 Trinidad and Tobago general election, and subsequent losses in local government bye-elections[7][8] has placed pressure on her to offer her resignation before the 2020 United National Congress leadership election.[9] The UNC finished with 19 seats. The results in six constituencies were subject to recounts, causing the final election results to be delayed by a week.[10] This is the first parliamentary election in Trinidad and Tobago where the result was not finalized the day after the election.[11]

Voters elected the 41 members to the House of Representatives by first-past-the-post voting. Rowley and the new cabinet were sworn in on 19 August 2020.[12]

Electoral system[edit]

The 41 members of the House of Representatives are elected by first-past-the-post voting in single-member constituencies. Registered voters must be 18 years and over, must reside in an electoral district/constituency for at least two months prior to the qualifying date, be a citizen of Trinidad and Tobago or a Commonwealth citizen residing legally in Trinidad and Tobago for a period of at least one year.[13]

If one party obtains a majority of seats, then that party is entitled to form the Government, with its leader as Prime Minister. If the election results in no single party having a majority, then there is a hung parliament. In this case, the options for forming the Government are either a minority government or a coalition government.[14]

Parties and candidates[edit]

Political parties registered with the Elections and Boundaries Commission (EBC) can contest the general election as a party.[15]

The leader of the party commanding a majority of support in the House of Representatives is the person who is called on by the president to form a government as Prime Minister, while the leader of the largest party or coalition not in government becomes the Leader of the Opposition.[14]

Prior to the election, the People's National Movement, led by Prime Minister Keith Rowley formed a majority government. The largest opposition party was the United National Congress, led by Kamla Persad-Bissessar. The Congress of the People was the sole other party in Parliament, represented by a single MP.

The People's National Movement and the United National Congress have been the two biggest parties, in addition to having supplied every Prime Minister since 1991.[16]

On 14 July 2020, the leader of the Patriotic Front, Mickela Panday, announced that her party will no longer be contesting the 2020 elections due to lack of time to prepare for the August 2020 polls.[17]

The following registered parties are contesting the general election, the People's National Movement is the only party fielding all 41 seats (39 in Trinidad and two in Tobago), 14 parties are contesting seats in Trinidad only and four parties are contesting seats in Tobago only.[18]

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

Party Founded Political position and ideology Leader(s) Leader since Leader's seat Last election At dissolution Contested seats
% party vote Seats
Major party not part of any coalition
PNM 1955 Centre to centre-left
Liberalism, Social liberalism, Nationalism
Keith Rowley May 2010 Diego Martin West
51.69%
23 / 41 (56%)
23 / 41 (56%)
41 seats in Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad only[edit]

Party Founded Political position and ideology Leader(s) Leader since Leader's seat Last election At dissolution Contested seats
% party vote Seats
Major party not part of any coalition
UNC 1989 Centre-left
Social democracy, Civic nationalism
Kamla Persad-Bissessar January 2010 Siparia
39.60%
17 / 41 (41%)
17 / 41 (41%)
39 seats in Trinidad[19]
Better United Coalition
COP 2006 Centre-left
Reformism
Carolyn Seepersad-Bachan[20] November 2017 None
6.02%
1 / 41 (2%)
1 / 41 (2%)
4 seats in Trinidad
DPTT 2002 Steve Alvarez[21] April 2002 None
0 / 41 (0%)
1 seat in Trinidad
TTDF 2019 Nicholas Anthony Williams [22] August 2019[23] None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
1 seat in Trinidad
Not part of any coalition
PEP 2017 Phillip Alexander[24] January 2017 None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
28 seats in Trinidad
THC 2015 Marcus Ramkissoon[25] July 2015 None
0.02%
0 / 41 (0%)
0 / 41 (0%)
7 seats in Trinidad
NNV 1994 Social conservatism Fuad Abu Bakr[22] April 2010 None
0.12%
0 / 41 (0%)
0 / 41 (0%)
6 seats in Trinidad
MSJ 2009 Left-wing
Socialism, Labourism, Direct democracy
David Abdulah[26] January 2012[27] None
0 / 41 (0%)
5 seats in Trinidad
MND 2019 Diego Martin regionalism Garvin Nicholas [28] September 2019 None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
3 seats in Trinidad
NCT 2013 Nalini Dial[29] July 2013 None
0.05%
0 / 41 (0%)
0 / 41 (0%)
2 seats in Trinidad
ILP 2013 Rekha Ramjit[30] October 2015 None
0.70%
0 / 41 (0%)
0 / 41 (0%)
1 seat in Trinidad
TNP 2017 Valmiki Ramsingh[31] July 2017 None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
1 seat in Trinidad
UPP 2018 Right-wing
Christian right, Social conservatism
Kenneth Munroe-Brown[32] December 2018 None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
1 seat in Trinidad
Progressive 2019 Centre to centre-left
Progressivism, Decentralization, Localism
Nikoli Edwards[33] June 2019 None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
1 seat in Trinidad
NOW 2020 Kirk Waithe[34] January 2020 None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
1 seat in Trinidad

Tobago only[edit]

Party Founded Political position and ideology Leader(s) Leader since Leader's seat Last election At dissolution Contested seats
% party vote Seats
Not part of any coalition
PDP 2016 Tobago regionalism Watson Duke[35] July 2016 None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
2 seats in Tobago
OTV 2019 Tobago regionalism Hochoy Charles[35] October 2019 None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
1 seat in Tobago
UTP 2020 Tobago regionalism Nickocy Phillips[36] July 2020 None New party
0 / 41 (0%)
1 seat in Tobago

Ideology[edit]

Significant differences in the programs of the two major parties UNC and PNM cannot be identified. The UNC is traditionally more of an Indo-Trinidadian party, while Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians make up the majority of the PNM's base. In Trinidad, however, racial differences play a subordinate role, the dominant subject areas in the media are the stagnating economy and the high rate of violent crime; here both parties claim that they are better suited to combat them.[37] In the closing stages of the election campaign, Prime Minister Rowley and citizens accused the UNC of using racist motives in its advertising campaign.[38]

Some parties only represent regional positions. This applies in particular to the parties PDP and OTV, who are running exclusively in Tobago and advocate for regional interests of the island[35] and the MND, which advocates the interests of the Diego Martin region.[28]

The announcement by the opposition UNC that, in the event of an election victory, would build a “dome” over Trinidad to protect against illegal immigrants, made the election campaign relaxed. Before the UNC made it clear that it meant a radar screen, users of social media picked up the topic and indulged in humorous allusions to domes in films and television series.[39]

Process[edit]

The organization of the election was subject to the state Elections and Boundaries Commission (EBC). There were no election observers. Prime Minister Rowley revealed after the election that he had invited observers from CARICOM and the Commonwealth of Nations, but they were unable to pay for the 14-day quarantine required of foreign visitors.[40]

Opinion research in the run-up to the election was carried out by the North American Caribbean Teachers Association (NACTA) and the management consultancy HHB Associates, among others. A NACTA poll shortly after the election date was announced, found that, as in most previous elections, only PNM and UNC would play a role.[41] An HHB poll published July 25 in the Trinidad and Tobago Guardian found the ruling PNM at 53% and the UNC at 44%.[42] A NACTA poll from July 25, however, saw the UNC one percentage point ahead.[43] At this point in time, the tendency, known from previous elections, was that Trinidadians with African roots tend to choose the PNM and Trinidadians with Indian roots rather the UNC.

The resignation of former deputy PNM chairwoman Nafeesa Mohammed on July 28, who accused the PNM leadership of arrogance, ignorance and incompetence, caused a media stir.[44] The Leader of the Opposition, former Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar, was threatened with death during the election campaign.[45] Minor parties and bodies called on the President to postpone the election in view of the COVID-19 pandemic, which was also rampant in Trinidad, but their requests were denied.[46] A UNC supporter was stabbed on the sidelines of a UNC election campaign on the Saturday before the election.[47]

The polling stations closed at 6:00 p.m. on election Monday.[48]

Marginal seats[edit]

The following lists identify and rank seats by the margin by which the party's candidate finished behind the winning candidate in the 2015 election.

For information purposes only, seats that have changed hands through subsequent by elections have been noted. Seats whose members have changed party allegiance are ignored.

  = appears in two lists
Marginal seats by party (with winning parties and margins from the 2015 Trinidad and Tobago general election)
People's National Movement People's Partnership (UNCCOPTOP)
Marginal
1 Barataria/San Juan 3.18% 1 Moruga/Tableland 2.53%
2 Chaguanas East 7.95% 2 St. Joseph 8.33%
3 Pointe-à-Pierre 8.39% 3 La Horquetta/Talparo 15.56%
4 Mayaro 14.05% 4 Tunapuna 19.13%
5 Cumuto/Manzanilla 15.95% 5 Toco/Sangre Grande 19.20%
6 Fyzabad 18.92% 6 San Fernando West 19.39%
7 Caroni Central 26.11% 7 Point Fortin 20.94%
8 Tabaquite 31.12% 8 Lopinot/Bon Air West 28.10%
9 St. Augustine 33.57% 9 La Brea 33.45%
10 Couva North 34.17% 10 D'Abadie/O'Meara 34.20%
11 Princes Town 35.60% 11 San Fernando East 37.33%
12 Couva South 38.83% 12 Arima 40.12%
13 Caroni East 44.79% 13 Diego Martin North/East 41.40%
14 Oropouche West 48.70% 14 Diego Martin West 55.32%
15 Siparia 51.60% 15 St. Ann's East 56.55%
16 Oropouche East 60.02% 16 Diego Martin Central 59.77%
17 Naparima 65.53% 17 Port of Spain South 60.81%
18 Chaguanas West 76.14% 18 Tobago East 60.88%
Safe 19 Arouca/Maloney 63.10%
20 Port of Spain North/St. Ann's West 65.62%
21 Tobago West 73.48%
22 Laventille East/Morvant 76.84%
23 Laventille West 81.07%
Safe
Independent (Watson Duke)
1 Tobago East 53.78%
Safe
Tobago Forwards
1 Tobago West 67.24%
Safe
Source: Parliamentary Elections, 2015 Final Results – Candidates Vote Count[49]

Members of Parliament not standing for re-election[edit]

Trinidad[edit]

Retiring incumbent Electoral District Term in office Date announced
Surujrattan Rambachan UNC Tabaquite 2010–2020 14 August 2019[50]
Fuad Khan UNC Barataria/San Juan 1995–2007; 2010–2020 9 November 2019[51]
Ganga Singh UNC Chaguanas West 1995–2007 (Caroni East); 2015–2020 8 March 2020[52]
Maxie Cuffie PNM La Horquetta/Talparo 2015–2020 13 May 2020[53]
Tim Gopeesingh UNC Caroni East 2007–2020 4 June 2020[54]

Candidates by constituency[edit]

Candidate nominations for the election were finalized on Nomination Day (July 17, 2020). The full candidate list is presented below,[18] along with the incumbent candidates before the election.[55] Non-minister MPs who are not standing for re-election are marked (†)[56] Government ministers are in bold, and party leaders are in italics.

Trinidad (39 constituencies) & Tobago (2 constituencies)[edit]

Electoral District Electorate Turnout % Candidates Votes % Incumbent
Arima 26,382 13,488 51.13% PNM Pennelope Beckles-Robinson PNM Anthony Garcia
UNC Flora Singh
PEP Sharon Hernandez
NCT Nalini Dial
Arouca/Maloney 26,673 15,522 58.19% PNM Camille Robinson-Regis PNM Camille Robinson-Regis
UNC Cherry-Ann David
PEP Kelvin Wayne
Barataria/San Juan 25,690 15,771 61.39% UNC Saddam Hosein UNC Fuad Khan
PNM Jason 'JW' Williams
PEP Albertha Purdeen
Caroni Central 30,107 18,677 62.04% UNC Arnold Ram UNC Bhoendradatt Tewarie
PNM Reyad Ali
PEP Lorena Lucien
Caroni East 29,031 17,415 59,99% UNC Sharon Archie UNC † Tim Gopeesingh
PNM Rishi Seecharran
PEP Dave Babwah
Chaguanas East 26,923 17,123 63.60% UNC Clarence Rambharat UNC Fazal Karim
PNM Vandana Mohit
PEP Matthew Gibbs
IND Shiraz Khan
Chaguanas West 28,625 17,896 62,52% UNC Dinesh Rambally UNC † Ganga Singh
PNM Rackeal Bissoon
PEP Rahman Ali
Couva North 29864 18,238 61.07% UNC Ravi Ratiram UNC Ramona Ramdial
PNM Sharda Satram
PEP Rohanie Debideen
COP/Better United Joel Ramdhanie (COP/Better United)
Couva South 30348 18,281 60.24% UNC Rudranath Indarsingh UNC Rudranath Indarsingh
Rajendra Rampersad
Gerard Whyms
Linnell Doolan
Cumuto/Manzanilla 30468 18,702 61.38% UNC Rai Ragbir UNC Christine Newallo-Hosein
PNM Ronney Lochan
PEP Anthony Henry
THC Christopher Mathura
D'Abadie/O'Meara 30788 17,844 57.96% PNM Lisa Morris-Julian PNM Ancil Antoine
UNC Maurice Hoyte
PEP Hadassah Charles-McLeod
THC Peter Amann
Diego Martin Central 29609 14,346 48.45% PNM Symon De Nobrega PNM Darryl Smith
UNC John Ricardo Laquis
PEP Felicia Holder
NNV Ashton Francis
MND Garvin Nicholas
MSJ Renee St Rose
Diego Martin North/East 29273 13,858 47.34% PNM Colm Imbert PNM Colm Imbert
UNC Eli Zakour
PEP Phillip Edward Alexander
MND Myron Bruce
COP/Better United Lonsdale Williams
Diego Martin West 29886 13,948 46.67% PNM Keith Rowley PNM Keith Rowley
UNC Marsha Riley-Walker
THC Zafir David
MND Dexter Nicholls
Fyzabad 29886 18,045 65.74% UNC Lackram Bodoe UNC Lackram Bodoe
PNM Solange De Souza
PEP Alice Narine
MSJ Radhaka Gualbance
La Brea 26008 15,571 59.87% PNM Stephen McClatchie PNM Nicole Olivierre
UNC Victor Roberts
PEP Rondoll Glasgow
NNV Callum Marshall
La Horquetta/Talparo 27528 17,698 64.29% PNM Foster Cummings PNM † Maxie Cuffie
UNC Jearlean John
PEP Benet Thomas
Laventille East/Morvant 26644 12,568 47.17% PNM Adrian Leonce PNM Adrian Leonce
UNC Kareem Baird
PEP Christopher Roberts
NNV Umar Khan
Laventille West 25585 11,183 43.71% PNM Fitzgerald Hinds PNM Fitzgerald Hinds
UNC Rodney Stowe
PEP Natalia Moore
NNV Sandra Emmanuel
COP/Better United Kurt Sinnette
NOW Kirk Waithe
Lopinot/Bon Air West 27864 17,171 61.62% PNM Marvin Gonzales PNM Cherrie Ann Crichlow-Cockburn
UNC Prakash Williams
PEP Dominique Lopez
ILP Jack Warner
Mayaro 28834 18,036 62.55% UNC Rushton Paray UNC Rushton Paray
PNM Bunny Mahabirsingh
PEP Sterling Lee Ha
Moruga/Tableland 29043 20,141 69.35% UNC Michelle Benjamin PNM Lovell Francis
PNM Winston 'Gypsy' Peters
DPTT/Better United Steve Alvarez
THC Larry Sanchar
IND Thomas Sotillio
Naparima 27066 16,046 59,28% UNC Rodney Charles UNC Rodney Charles
PNM Randy Sinanan
Oropouche East 28271 17,205 60.86% UNC Roodal Moonilal UNC Roodal Moonilal
PNM Clifford Rambharose
Oropouche West 25289 15,534 61.43% UNC Davendranath Tancoo UNC Vidia Gayadeen-Goopeesingh
PNM Lea Ramoutar
PEP Sasha Ali
Point Fortin 26003 15,696 60.36% PNM Kennedy Richards Jr. PNM Edmund Dillon
UNC Taharqa Obika
PEP Kenesha Ramsoondar
MSJ Ernesto Kesar
TTDF Nicholas Anthony Williams
Pointe-à-Pierre 25096 16,615 66.21% UNC David Lee UNC David Lee
PNM Daniel Dookie
PEP Marvyn Howard
MSJ David Abdulah
Port of Spain North/St. Ann's West 25003 11,686 46.74% PNM Stuart Young PNM Stuart Young
UNC Darren Garner
PEP Limma Mc Leod
UPP Kenneth Munroe-Brown
Port of Spain South 24754 10,478 42.33% PNM Keith Scotland PNM Marlene McDonald
UNC Curtis Orr
PEP Gail Castanada
NNV Fuad Abu Bakr
Princes Town 27178 16,229 59.71% UNC Barry Padarath UNC Barry Padarath
PNM Sharon Baboolal
PEP Kim Young Low
San Fernando East 25008 14,589 58.34% PNM Brian Manning PNM Randall Mitchell
UNC Monifa Andrews
San Fernando West 25035 15,607 62.34% PNM Faris Al-Rawi PNM Faris Al-Rawi
UNC Sean Sobers
PEP Benison Jagessar
Progressive Nikoli Edwards
TNP Valmiki Ramsingh
Siparia 28663 17,398 60.70% UNC Kamla Persad-Bissessar UNC Kamla Persad-Bissessar
PNM Rebecca Dipnarine
St. Ann's East 29454 14,790 50.21% PNM Nyan Gadsby-Dolly PNM Nyan Gadsby-Dolly
UNC Kenya Charles
PEP Akil Camps
St. Augustine 29454 17,705 63.02% UNC Khadijah Ameen COP Prakash Ramadhar
PNM Renuka Sagramsingh-Sookal
PEP Satesh Ramsaran
THC Michlin Hosein-Phelps
COP/Better United Carolyn Seepersad-Bachan
St. Joseph 28452 18,193 63.94% PNM Terrence Deyalsingh PNM Terrence Deyalsingh
UNC Ahloy Hunt
Ind./Better United Errol Fabien
THC Joel Williams
Tabaquite 28832 16,918 58,68% UNC Michael Seales UNC Surujrattan Rambachan
PNM Anita Haynes
PEP Carl Henry
Toco/Sangre Grande 31096 18,226 58.61% PNM Roger Munroe PNM Glenda Jennings-Smith
UNC Nabila Greene
PEP Kevon Hernandez
Tunapuna 27433 17,316 63.12% PNM Esmond Forde PNM Esmond Forde
UNC David Nakhid
PEP Maurice Downes
THC Marcus Ramkissoon
Tobago East 23102 13,113 56.76% PNM Ayanna Webster-Roy  PNM Ayanna Webster-Roy
PDP Watson Duke
OTV Juliana Henry-King
Tobago West 27686 13,811 49.88% PNM Shamfa Cudjoe  PNM Shamfa Cudjoe
PDP Tashia Grace Burris
UTP Nickocy Phillips
Ind. Ricardo Phillip

Campaign slogans[edit]

Party Slogan
PNM "The right choice."[57][58]
UNC "Now is the time."[59]
COP "Making the quantum leap."[60]
DPTT "The way forward for Trinidad and Tobago."[61]
TTDF "People first."[23]
PEP "Time for real change."[62]
THC "Good governance is at your fingertips."[63]
NNV "Believe in better."[64]
MSJ "Create a balance."[26]
MND "We are from Diego Martin, for Diego Martin."[65]
NCT "Think before you ink."[29]
ILP "Performance, Representation, Action" [66]
TNP "Change not exchange!"[31]
UPP
Progressive "Progressive 2020. The new normal."[67]
  • Progressive Party - De Guiding Flame (2020)[68]
NOW "Time is now."[69]
PDP "People before politics."[70]
OTV “Tobago must play as a team or lose by the fault.”[35]
UTP

Opinion polls[edit]

The North American Caribbean Teachers Association (NACTA) based in New York (led by political analyst Vishnu Bisram), pollster Nigel Henry's Solution by Simulation and pollster Louis Bertrand's H.H.B (H.H.B) & Associates have commissioned opinion polling for the next general election sampling the electorates' opinions.

Graphical summary[edit]

Seat projections[edit]

Date[nb 1] Pollster Sample size PNM UNC COP Other Legislative majority
10 Aug 2020 2020 general election 22 19 0 0 3
10 Jul 2020 2020 Trinidad protests end
3 Jul 2020 Prime Minister Keith Rowley announces that the election will take place on 10 August 2020 and parliament is dissolved.
30 Jun 2020 2020 Trinidad protests begin
1 Jun 2020 COVID-19 lockdown ends
6 May 2020 Ancil Dennis becomes Chief Secretary of Tobago[71][72]
14 Apr 2020 COP, PPM, ⁠DPTT and ⁠TTDF agree to form a coalition[73]
30 Mar 2020 Trinidad and Tobago commences a nationwide lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic
12 Mar 2020 The first case of COVID-19 is confirmed in Trinidad and Tobago, pre-campaigning partially suspended on 13 March[74][75]
26 Jan 2020 2020 Tobago Council of the PNM election; Tracy Davidson-Celestine is elected leader
2 Dec 2019 PNM wins more districts, ties in number of corporations won and loses the popular vote to the UNC in the 2019 Trinidadian local elections
1 Oct 2019 The 2019 budget is delivered
Aug 2019 NACTA/Newday[76] 23 18 0 0 5
Apr 2019 NACTA/Newsday[77] 26 15 0 0 11
Mar 2019 NACTA/Newsday[78] 540 25 16 0 0 9
1 Oct 2018 The 2018 budget is delivered
Sep 2018 NACTA/Newsday[79] 23 18 0 0 5
16 July 2018 Barataria and Belmont East Local Government By-Elections
19 Jan 2018 2018 Trinidad and Tobago presidential election; Paula-Mae Weekes is elected president
19 Nov 2017 Carolyn Seepersad-Bachan is elected leader of the COP[20][80][81][82]
23 Jan 2017 The Tobago Council of the PNM wins the 2017 Tobago House of Assembly election; Kelvin Charles becomes Chief Secretary of Tobago
7 Oct 2017 The 2017 budget is delivered
28 Nov 2016 PNM wins the 2016 Trinidadian local elections but loses the popular vote to the UNC
30 Sep 2016 The 2016 budget is delivered
10 Jul 2016 Anirudh Mahabir is elected leader of the COP[83][84]
3 Jul 2016 Kelvin Charles is elected leader of the Tobago Council of the PNM[85]
15 Dec 2015 The People's Partnership splits up[86]
7 Dec 2015 PNM wins the Auzonville/Tunapuna and Malabar South Local Government By-Elections
28 Sep 2015 The 2015 budget is delivered
9 Sep 2015 Keith Rowley is sworn in as Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago
7 Sep 2015 2015 general election 23 17 1 0 5

Individual polls[edit]

Date[nb 1] Pollster Sample size PNM UNC PDP PEP COP Other Lead
10 Aug 2020 2020 general election 49.1 47.1 1.6 0.9 0.1 1.3 1.99
July 24–31, 2020 SBS/Express[87] 473 43 38 1 1 1 5
July 25, 2020 NACTA/Newsday[88] 44 45 1
July 2020 H.H.B. & Associates/Guardian Media[89] 600 35 29 0 2 6
7 Sep 2015 2015 general election 51.7 39.6 6.0 3.7 12.1

Regional/Subnational polls[edit]

Tobago East[edit]

Date[nb 1] Pollster Sample size PNM PDP Other Lead
10 Aug 2020 2020 general election 54.35 44.74 0.91 9.61
July 2020 NACTA/Newsday[90] (380) 47 42 11 5
7 Sep 2015 2015 general election 69.48 30.52 53.78

Tobago West[edit]

Date[nb 1] Pollster Sample size PNM PDP Other Lead
10 Aug 2020 2020 general election 66.81 32.42 0.77 34.39
July 2020 NACTA/Newsday[90] (380) 48 40 12 9
7 Sep 2015 2015 general election 79.20 20.8 67.24

Moruga/Tableland[edit]

Date[nb 1] Pollster Sample size PNM UNC Other Lead
10 Aug 2020 2020 general election 35.92 52.34 11.74 16.42
July 25, 2020 H.H.B. & Associates/Guardian Media[91] 200 34 23 43 11
7 Sep 2015 2015 general election 51.15 48.62 0.23 2.53

St. Joseph[edit]

Date[nb 1] Pollster Sample size PNM UNC Other Lead
10 Aug 2020 2020 general election 51.42 46.96 1.62 4.46
July 25, 2020 H.H.B. & Associates/Guardian Media[91] 200 40 31 29 9
7 Sep 2015 2015 general election 53.77 45.44 0.79 8.33

San Fernando West[edit]

Date[nb 1] Pollster Sample size PNM UNC Other Lead
10 Aug 2020 2020 general election 54.51 42.87 2.62 11.64
July 25, 2020 H.H.B. & Associates/Guardian Media[92] 49 29 22 20
7 Sep 2015 2015 general election 59.24 39.85 0.91 19.39

Tunapuna[edit]

Date[nb 1] Pollster Sample size PNM UNC Other Lead
10 Aug 2020 2020 general election 54.63 43.51 1.86 11.12
July 25, 2020 H.H.B. & Associates/Guardian Media[93] 39 23 38 16
7 Sep 2015 2015 general election 59.42 40.29 0.29 19.13

Toco/Sangre Grande[edit]

Date[nb 1] Pollster Sample size PNM UNC Other Lead
10 Aug 2020 2020 general election 58.66 40.10 1.24 18.23
July 25, 2020 H.H.B. & Associates/Guardian Media[94] 32 19 49 13
7 Sep 2015 2015 general election 59.04 39.84 0.91 19.20

Satisfaction[edit]

Date[nb 1] Firm Interview Mode Sample size Nathalie Arthaud Nathalie Arthaud
Rowley

(PNM)

Persad-Bissessar

(UNC)

Satisfied Dissatisfied Never heard of Satisfied Dissatisfied Never heard of
July 2020 H.H.B. & Associates/Guardian Media[95] Face-to-face 600 57% 43% 0% 53% 44% 3%
31 May 2020 NACTA/Newsday[96] n/a n/a 53% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
March 2020 NACTA/Newsday[96] n/a n/a 46% n/a n/a 55% n/a n/a
1–7 September 2019 SBS/Express[97] Telephone n/a 50% 38% n/a n/a n/a n/a
8 March 2019 NACTA/Newsday[78] Face-to-face 540 40% 47% n/a 42% 44% n/a
24 September 2017 NACTA/Newsday[98] Face-to-face 390 40% n/a n/a 42% n/a n/a
1–3 September 2017 H.H.B. & Associates/Guardian Media[99] Telephone 301 32% n/a n/a 43% 38% n/a
July 2017 NACTA/Newsday[98] Face-to-face 410 41% n/a n/a 43% n/a n/a
June 2017 NACTA/Newsday[98] Face-to-face 380 42% n/a n/a 43% n/a n/a
30 August – 5 September 2016 SBS/Express[100] Telephone 601 51% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
^ Remainder were "undecided".

Preferred Prime Minister[edit]

Date[nb 1] Firm Interview Mode Sample size Nathalie Arthaud Nathalie Arthaud Lead
Rowley

(PNM)

Persad-Bissessar

(UNC)

July 2020 H.H.B. & Associates[95] Face-to-face 600 39% 34% 5%
March 2020 NACTA[96] n/a n/a 43% 45% 2%
^ Remainder were "undecided".

Government direction[edit]

Date[nb 1] Polling organisation Interview Mode Sample size Right direction Wrong direction Lead
4 August 2020 SBS/Express[87] Telephone 473 47 41 6
24 September 2017 NACTA[98] Face-to-face 390 n/a 89 n/a
1–3 September 2017 H.H.B. & Associates[99] Telephone 301 n/a 83 n/a
July 2017 NACTA[98] Face-to-face 410 n/a 85 n/a
June 2017 NACTA[98] Face-to-face 380 n/a 83 n/a

Voter demographics[edit]

Voter demographic data for 2020 were collected by Solution by Simulation Ltd (SBS) for the Trinidad Express Newspapers completed by 473 likely voters in Trinidad and Tobago by phone and H.H.B. & Associates for the Trinidad and Tobago Guardian completed by 600 registered voters face-to-face suggested the following demographic breakdown:

2020 Trinidad & Tobago general election voter demographics (SBS)[87][101][102]
Social group %PNM %UNC % Lead
Total vote 43 38 5
Voter expectation (Better chance of winning) 47 35 12
Gender
Women n/a n/a n/a
Age
18–39 50 42 8
40–64 41 35 6
65+ 45 42 3
First time voter
Yes n/a n/a n/a
Employment
Employed n/a n/a n/a
Retirees n/a n/a n/a
Unemployed n/a n/a n/a
Race/ethnic group
African descent 77 13 64
East Indian descent 10 77 67
Mixed descent 48 23 25
Traditional election vote
PNM 85 9 76
UNC 11 82 71
Floating / 3rd Party 30 26 4
Country direction
Believes country is in right direction 77 11 66
Believes country is on wrong track 9 72 63
Likeliness of voting
Very Likely 46 39 7
Somewhat Likely 22 31 9
Issue regarded as most important
Coronavirus 65 18 47
Corruption 31 48 17
Crime 36 50 14
Economy 26 53 27
Performance-minded and issue-based voters
Performance-minded 37 50 13
Issue-based 64 27 37
Quality of representation over other concerns n/a n/a n/a
Public perception
Ability to build and maintain infrastructure n/a n/a 8
Ability to reduce crime n/a n/a n/a
COVID-19
More capable of handling the pandemic n/a n/a n/a
2020 Trinidad & Tobago general election voter demographics in Trinidad (H.H.B. & Associates)[103]
Social group %PNM %UNC %COP %Others % Lead
Total vote 35.10 29.10 0.40 1.60 6.00
Race/ethnic group
Afro-Trinidadian 61.20 5.70 0.00 2.40 55.50
Indo-Trinidadian 7.30 54.70 0.00 0.40 47.40
Other / Mixed 44.10 18.90 1.80 2.70 25.20
Top Three Issues
Utilities (Water, light, etc.) 30 34 4
Unemployment/Jobs 35 36 1
Youth training and development 40 n/a n/a
Race/ethnic group %Keith Rowley %Kamla Persad-Bissessar %Other Person % Lead
Best Prime Minister
Afro-Trinidadian 67.9 7.7 11.0 60.2
Indo-Trinidadian 10.8 61.2 12.5 50.4
Other / Mixed 45.0 26.1 9.0 18.9

Results[edit]

At 10:30 pm on Election Day, Prime Minister Keith Rowley declared his party the winner of the election with 22 seats.[104][105][106][107][108][109] UNC leader Persad-Bissessar declared wins in 19 seats, taking the Moruga/Tableland seat from the PNM and the St. Augustine seat from the COP.[110] She disagreed with Rowley's victory declaration and objected to the long delays at polling stations.[111]

In total, six seats won by the PNM were disputed: the UNC requested recounts for five constituencies in Trinidad (San Fernando West, St Joseph, Tunapuna, Toco-Sangre Grande and La Horquetta/Talparo),[112] while the Progressive Democratic Patriots (PDP) requested a recount in Tobago East.[113] The EBC took one week to conduct the recounts, observing only minor changes from the preliminary vote counts: the largest change was an increase of 103 votes for the UNC in San Fernando West. The counts for the other districts differed by ten votes or fewer.[10] Rowley and the new PNM cabinet were then sworn in by President Paula-Mae Weekes on the following day, August 19. The ceremony was held at President's House.[12]

Trinité-et-Tobago Chambre des représentants 2020.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
People's National Movement322,18049.0522–1
United National Congress309,65447.1419+2
Progressive Democratic Patriots10,3681.580New
Progressive Empowerment Party5,9300.900New
Independent Liberal Party3,8170.5800
Movement for Social Justice1,2230.190New
Movement for National Development1,0390.160New
COPDPTTTTDF5240.080–1
New National Vision4960.0800
Trinidad Humanity Campaign3680.0600
National Organisation of We the People3100.050New
Progressive Party2120.030New
National Coalition for Transformation1870.0300
One Tobago Voice800.010New
Unrepresented Peoples Party740.010New
Unity of the People400.010New
The National Party230.000New
Independents3670.0600
Total656,892100.00410
Valid votes656,89299.73
Invalid/blank votes1,7850.27
Total votes658,677100.00
Registered voters/turnout1,134,13558.08
Source: EBCTT, IPU

Reactions[edit]

Domestic reactions[edit]

Regional reactions[edit]

  •  CARICOM
    • “Prime Minister, your success at the polls is an indication of the confidence that the people of Trinidad and Tobago have in your stewardship and the plans you have outlined for their future,” Ambassador LaRocque said in his congratulatory message to Dr. Rowley.[118][119]
  •  CARICOM /  St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  •  St. Lucia
    • Prime Minister of Saint Lucia Allen Chastanet, in a statement expressed: "Congratulations to Dr. Keith Rowley and the People's National Movement on their new mandate to continue serving Trinidad & Tobago for 5 more years. We wish you, your team and the people of T&T great success throughout this new term and we look forward to working together to build a more united and prosperous region 🇱🇨🇹🇹"[122][123][124]
  •  Belize
    • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Belize) tweeted: "Congratulations to Hon. @DrKeithRowley on his successful re-election as Prime Minister of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago @OPM_TT during yesterday's general elections held in challenging circumstances occasioned by the #COVID19 pandemic "[125]
  •  Antigua and Barbuda
    • Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda Gaston Browne in a letter sent congratulations to Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley on his impending re-election, stating "I wish your Government and the people of Trinidad and Tobago every good fortune as you continue to the task of strengthening your great country.”[126][127]
  •  Grenada
    • Prime Minister of Grenada Keith Mitchell congrated Prime Minister Rowley indicating that "the results show that the people of Trinidad and Tobago are confident in Dr Rowley's leadership abilities, and are looking to you for continued direction to steer the country further along the path of development. With the support of his Cabinet and people, I am confident Dr Rowley will succeed in pushing forward the country's agenda, so that everyone can benefit.'[128][129]
    • Leader of the largest opposition party in Grenada Franka Bernardine on behalf of her party National Democratic Congress and the people of Grenada congratuled Prime Minister Rowley on his re-election as Prime Minister of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago noting 'the use of the virtual platform was new and added a unique dynamic to an already robust and grounded PNM team. The sharp focus and hard work of your campaign team were, no doubt vital to your success.'"[130][131]
  •  St. Kitts and Nevis
  •  Guyana
  •  Montserrat
    • Premier of Montserrat Joseph Farrell issued a diplomatic note stating “It is truly my great honour, on behalf of the Government and people of Montserrat, to extend best wishes to you and the People's National Movement (PNM) in the fulfillment of this high office for which you were successfully returned for another term.”[134]

International reactions[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l These are the survey dates of the poll, or if the survey dates are not stated, the date the poll was released.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "August 10 is Trinidad and Tobago election day". Archived from the original on 3 July 2020.
  2. ^ "30 percent of election candidates are women". Loop News. 29 July 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Proclamation - Prorogation / Dissolution of Parliament" (PDF). Trinidad and Tobago Parliament. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 July 2020.
  4. ^ "2020 General Election - Trinidad Guardian". guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 8 August 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  5. ^ "2020 General Elections". CNC3. Archived from the original on 13 August 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago 2020 Election Centre Live Results". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  7. ^ "People have sent message". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Government loses key by-election". country.eiu.com. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Latest loss puts Kamla under pressure". CNC3. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020.
  10. ^ a b Neaves, Julien (18 August 2020). "EBC recounts show minor changes". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 20 August 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  11. ^ Charles, Jacqueline (11 August 2020). "After PNM win, Trinidad opposition demands election recount". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  12. ^ a b Bahaw, Darren (18 August 2020). "Rowley's new Cabinet". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 20 August 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  13. ^ Registering to Vote Archived 3 February 2019 at the Wayback Machine TT Connect
  14. ^ a b "Glossary of Parliamentary Terms". Trinidad and Tobago Parliament. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  15. ^ "Assigning Political Party Symbols". Trinidad and Tobago Elections And Boundaries Commission. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  16. ^ Hunte, Camille (4 August 2020). "Who will lead us out of the pandemic?". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  17. ^ "Watch: Mickela Panday bows out of 2020 election". www.looptt.com. Archived from the original on 17 July 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  18. ^ a b Ghouralal, Darlisa (23 July 2020). "Candidates confirmed to contest 2020 General Election". Loop News. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  19. ^ "UNC: We have the best line-up". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 6 June 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  20. ^ a b Ram, Ryan. "Seepersad-Bachan Elected New Leader of COP". The West Indian Online. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  21. ^ Tack, Clint Chan (30 July 2020). "DPTT's Steve Alvarez: Moruga not a two-horse race". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  22. ^ a b Neaves, Julien (23 July 2020). "Better United partner decides better apart". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  23. ^ a b New Political Party Launched - TT Democratic Front Promises To Put People First. TTT Live Online. 11 August 2019. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via YouTube.
  24. ^ Fraser, Narissa (12 August 2020). "Phillip Alexander tells EBC: Hold fresh election". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  25. ^ La Vende, Jensen (5 August 2020). "THC political leader: Party has nothing to do with weed". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  26. ^ a b "10 Points for August 10 MSJ GE2020 Manifesto". Movement for Social Justice. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  27. ^ "Our History". Movement for Social Justice. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  28. ^ a b Bridglal, Carla (2 September 2019). "Garvin Nicholas brings back MND". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 14 September 2019. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  29. ^ a b Diaz, Abraham (15 July 2020). "NCT announces two candidates". Trinidad and Tobago Guardian. Archived from the original on 16 July 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  30. ^ Douglas, Sean (12 August 2020). "Rekha Ramjit resigns from ILP". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 12 August 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  31. ^ a b "Valmiki Ramsingh - TNP: San Fernando West". Trinidad Express. 30 July 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  32. ^ "New political party aims to end crime, corruption & poverty". CNC3. 31 December 2018.[permanent dead link]
  33. ^ "Former senator launches political party". Trinidad and Tobago Guardian. 16 June 2019. Archived from the original on 26 June 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  34. ^ Singh, Renuka (11 January 2020). "Kirk Waithe launches new political party, NOW". Trinidad and Tobago Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 January 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  35. ^ a b c d McEachnie, Camille (26 July 2020). "Battle of the flyers on Tobago campaign trail". CNC3. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  36. ^ "Youth activist ready for Parliament". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 13 July 2020. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  37. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago election too close to call". Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  38. ^ Alexander, Gail. "Rowley knocks Kamla for racist ad campaign". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  39. ^ "Ahead of elections in Trinidad & Tobago, one party promises to build a dome to limit 'illegal outsiders' · Global Voices". Global Voices. 5 August 2020. Archived from the original on 15 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  40. ^ Taitt, Ria (19 August 2020). "'Responses were too late'". Trinidad Express. Archived from the original on 20 August 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  41. ^ "NACTA Poll shows no real threat from third parties in safe seats for upcoming election". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 18 July 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  42. ^ Hassanali, Shal-Iza. "PNM and UNC in tight election race". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  43. ^ "NACTA: Voter enthusiasm for election at record low". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 30 July 2020. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  44. ^ "Nafeesa Mohammed quits PNM". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 28 July 2020. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  45. ^ Christopher, Pe-Ter. "Threat issued against Kamla". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 29 July 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  46. ^ Dowlat-Rostant, Rhon-dor. "PEP leader wants election postponed". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 29 July 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  47. ^ Wilson, Sascha. "Ex-UNC councillor stabbed after rally". Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  48. ^ Neaves, Julien (10 August 2020). "Polls close after relatively smooth day of voting". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  49. ^ "Parliamentary Elections, 2015 Final Results – Candidates Vote Count". Elections And Boundaries Commission. Archived from the original on 23 December 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  50. ^ "Rambachan Bows Out Of Politics". Caribbean Communications Network. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  51. ^ Sambrano, Chester. "Fuad Khan bows out of politics". Archived from the original on 10 November 2019. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  52. ^ "15 UNC MPs seeking re-election in 2020 polls". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 8 March 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  53. ^ "Cuffie not returning as candidate in upcoming General Elections". Trinidad and Tobago Guardian. 14 May 2020. Archived from the original on 21 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  54. ^ "Gopeesingh not running in general elections". Trinidad and Tobago Guardian. 4 June 2020. Archived from the original on 4 July 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  55. ^ "Current Members - House of Representatives". Trinidad and Tobago Parliament. Archived from the original on 11 December 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  56. ^ Taitt, Ria (16 June 2020). "Garcia gone". Trinidad Express. Archived from the original on 6 July 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  57. ^ PNM- The Right Choice. Jelani I. Reid. 3 July 2020. Archived from the original on 2 September 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via YouTube.
  58. ^ "The Right Choice | The Only Choice | P.N.M | August 10th 2020 | Red and Ready 🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴". Archived from the original on 5 September 2020.
  59. ^ "UNC Virtual Public Meeting". Archived from the original on 5 July 2020.
  60. ^ "A Practical Realization". Facebook. Congress of the People. 8 August 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  61. ^ Alvarez, Steve (10 July 2020). "Make way for third choice". Trinidad Express. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  62. ^ "PEP Progressive Empowerment Party". Facebook. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020.
  63. ^ "Your Trinidad Humanity Campaign (THC) candidates for the 2020 General Elections". Instagram. 23 July 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  64. ^ "Meet Fuad Abu Bakr LLB". Facebook. New National Vision. 30 July 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  65. ^ "Garvin Nicholas - MND Candidate For Diego Martin Central". Facebook. 8 July 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  66. ^ "Independent Liberal Party". Facebook. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  67. ^ "The Progressive Party shall pursue the following policies". Instagram. 18 June 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  68. ^ Progressive Party - De Guiding Flame (2020). Progressive Party. 23 July 2020. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via YouTube.
  69. ^ "Mission and Vision". NowTT. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  70. ^ "National Mandate 2020". Facebook. Progressive Democratic Patriots. 7 August 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  71. ^ "Dennis is youngest Chief Secretary". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 6 May 2020. Archived from the original on 6 May 2020. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  72. ^ "Dennis, 33, makes THA history". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 14 May 2020. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  73. ^ "Better United on Facebook Watch". Archived from the original on 9 July 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  74. ^ "Political parties halt activities over covid19". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 8 April 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  75. ^ "Two major parties put election campaigning on hold". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  76. ^ "NACTA poll: UNC struggling in corridor marginals". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 25 August 2019. Archived from the original on 5 December 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  77. ^ "NACTA: Cynical voters in TT". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 12 April 2019. Archived from the original on 18 September 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  78. ^ a b "Gary outpolls PM, Kamla". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 8 March 2019. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  79. ^ "PNM favoured for 2020". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 25 September 2018. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  80. ^ "Carolyn Seepersad Bachan is the new political leader of the C.O.P". I955 FM. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  81. ^ Parsanlal, Nneka. "COP Leaders Resign". Caribbean Communications Network. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  82. ^ "COP leaders resign". Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  83. ^ "Prakash quits as COP leader". The Trinidad Guardian Newspaper. 19 February 2016. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  84. ^ "COP elects Dr Anirudh Mahabir as new political leader". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  85. ^ "New PNM Tobago Leader". Caribbean Communications Network. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  86. ^ Nanton, Sampson [@samnanton] (8 December 2015). "Prakash Ramadhar says the People's Partnership has ended" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  87. ^ a b c "PNM leads by 5% (Pt. 1)". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 6 October 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  88. ^ "NACTA: Voter enthusiasm for election at record low". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 30 July 2020. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  89. ^ HasSanali, Shal-Iza. "PNM and UNC in tight election race". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 28 October 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  90. ^ a b "Poll finds PNM leading in Tobago". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 2 August 2020. Archived from the original on 3 August 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  91. ^ a b "GML election poll shows PNM in front with Gypsy in Moruga/Tabeland". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  92. ^ "GML Louis Bertrand general election poll". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 28 October 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  93. ^ HasSanali, Shal-Iza. "PNM's Forde out front in Tunapuna". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  94. ^ "PNM ahead in crucial Toco/Grande seat". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 28 October 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  95. ^ a b HasSanali, Shal-Iza. "Rowley edges Kamla in poll for best PM". www.guardian.co.tt. Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  96. ^ a b c "NACTA: New candidates key for PNM, UNC". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 31 May 2020. Archived from the original on 21 June 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  97. ^ "Do you approve? The Dr Rowley poll results". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 13 September 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  98. ^ a b c d e f "Govt, Opposition slip in NACTA poll". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 24 September 2017. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  99. ^ a b "News". odysseus24.rssing.com. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  100. ^ "Log into Facebook". Facebook. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  101. ^ "Covid-19 beats out crime (Pt. 2)". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 25 September 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  102. ^ "Voter turnout key to victory (Conclusion)". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 15 October 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  103. ^ "HHB and Associates/Guardian Media election poll". www.guardian.co.tt. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  104. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago 2020 Election Centre Live Results". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  105. ^ BATTLE FOR WHITEHALL, archived from the original on 26 May 2021, retrieved 26 May 2021
  106. ^ "Log into Facebook". Facebook. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  107. ^ TTT News And General Election Coverage. TTT Live Online. 10 August 2020. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via YouTube.
  108. ^ "Log into Facebook". Facebook. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  109. ^ "Log into Facebook". Facebook. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  110. ^ "Map". Trinidad Express Newspapers. Archived from the original on 17 January 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  111. ^ Alexander, Gail (11 August 2020). "Kamla refuses to concede defeat, seeks recounts". Trinidad & Tobago Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  112. ^ De Silva, Radhica (11 August 2020). "Election result on hold as EBC starts 6 recounts". Trinidad & Tobago Guardian. Archived from the original on 12 August 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  113. ^ Connelly, Corey (11 August 2020). "PDP requests Tobago East recount". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  114. ^ "Swearing-in of the Prime Minister and Cabinet". The Office of the President of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  115. ^ "Address by Her Excellency Paula-Mae Weekes ORTT, President of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago on the occasion of the Swearing-in of the Prime Minister and Cabinet of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago". news.gov.tt. Trinidad and Tobago Government News. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  116. ^ "The full text of President Paula-Mae Weekes' maiden speech". www.news.gov.tt. Trinidad and Tobago Government News. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  117. ^ "Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  118. ^ "CARICOM SG congratulates Trinidad and Tobago's re-elected Prime Minister Dr. Keith Rowley". CARICOM. 20 August 2020. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  119. ^ "CARICOM Congratulates Rowley on Election Victory". The West Indian Online. Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  120. ^ "Caricom chairman congratulates PM-elect". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. 11 August 2020. Archived from the original on 10 March 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  121. ^ "Caribbean leaders congratulate Dr Rowley after general election". Loop. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  122. ^ "PM Chastanet congratulates T&T's PNM on victory at the polls". Loop. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  123. ^ "St Lucia's Prime Minister congratulates T&T's PNM on election victory". Loop. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  124. ^ "Saint Lucia PM Congratulates T&T Counterpart On Election Win". St. Lucia Times News. 11 August 2020. Archived from the original on 13 January 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  125. ^ Belize MFAFT 🇧🇿 [@MFABelize] (11 August 2020). "Congratulations to Hon. @DrKeithRowley on his successful re-election as Prime Minister of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago @OPM_TT during yesterday's general elections held in challenging circumstances occasioned by the #COVID19 pandemic 🇹🇹🇧🇿" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 28 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  126. ^ "PM Browne congratulates PNM on impending election victory in T&T". Loop. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  127. ^ "PM Browne congratulates PM Rowley on victory". 268 Antigua Today. 12 August 2020. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  128. ^ "Caribbean leaders congratulate Dr Rowley after general election". Loop. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  129. ^ "Grenada's Prime Minister Congratulates His Trinidadian Counterpart On His Election Victory". Mikey Live. 11 August 2020. Archived from the original on 13 January 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  130. ^ "NDC Congratulates Prime Minister Dr. Rowley and PNM on their success at the August 10th Polls". National Democratic Congress. 11 August 2020. Archived from the original on 1 October 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  131. ^ "NDC Congratulates PM Dr. Rowley And The PNM On Their Success At The August 10th Polls". Wee 93.3/9 FM Radio Grenada. 12 August 2020. Archived from the original on 15 January 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  132. ^ "Prime Minister Harris congratulates newly re-elected T&T's Prime Minister – VON Radio". Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  133. ^ "PNCR congratulates Dr Rowley on elections victory". Guyana Chronicle. 12 August 2020. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  134. ^ "Premier Farrell Congratulates Prime Minister Dr. Keith Rowley and the PNM on Return to Office". Government of Montserrat. 24 August 2020. Archived from the original on 21 October 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  135. ^ Almagro, Luis [@Almagro_OEA2015] (19 August 2020). "Our congratulations to Prime Minister @DrKeithRowley. Count on our will to work together to strengthen the pillars of the @OAS_official beginning with development t.co/g7he0cEYCl" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  136. ^ "Statement by the SG OACPS on the General Elections in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago". www.acp.int. Archived from the original on 26 February 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  137. ^ "Venezuela congratulates Trinidad and Tobago on successful election day and re-election of Prime Minister Keith Rowley". Ministerio del Poder Popular para Relaciones Exteriores. Archived from the original on 16 January 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  138. ^ MIPPCI [@Mippcivzla] (11 August 2020). "#COMUNICADO | Pdte. @NicolasMaduro extiende sus felicitaciones al pueblo de la República de Trinidad y Tobago, por la exitosa celebración de las elecciones generales. #UniónYLuchaConElPueblo t.co/P7X9VcbYoM" (Tweet) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  139. ^ Arreaza, Jorge [@jaarreaza] (11 August 2020). "#COMUNICADO | El presidente @NicolasMaduro extiende sus felicitaciones al pueblo de la República de Trinidad y Tobago, por la exitosa celebración de las elecciones generales efectuadas el lunes 10 de agosto de 2020, en las que resultó reelecto el Primer Ministro Keith Rowley. t.co/Has3fa5Lys" (Tweet) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 28 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  140. ^ Cancillería Venezuela 🇻🇪 [@CancilleriaVE] (17 August 2020). ".@jaarreaza #COMMUNIQUÉ | During a telephone conversation, Pres. @NicolasMaduro congratulated the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, @DrKeithRowley, on his recent re-election. They exchanged experiences in the fight against Covid-19 and impressions of the bilateral agenda. t.co/8a86tfa3gq" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  141. ^ "Nicaragua envía mensaje al Primer Ministro de Trinidad y Tobago". El 19 Digital (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  142. ^ El 19 Digital [@el19digital] (11 August 2020). "#Nicaragua Nicaragua envía mensaje al Primer Ministro de Trinidad y Tobago t.co/5XTzzczJOB" (Tweet) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 18 July 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via Twitter.
  143. ^ TN8 Nicaragua [@canaltn8] (11 August 2020). "#AHORA #Nicaragua | Vicepresidenta Rosario Murillo: Destaca el mensaje enviado al Primer Ministro de Trinidad y Tobago. t.co/Fpj1a0AOXN" (Tweet) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 18 July 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via Twitter.
  144. ^ Chung, Julie [@WHAAsstSecty] (19 August 2020). "Today the people of Trinidad and Tobago swear in a prime minister, elected in a transparent process that accurately reflects their will. The United States congratulates @DrKeithRowley on his election victory, & wishes the people of Trinidad and Tobago continuing prosperity" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  145. ^ "AMCHAM T&T - AMCHAM T&T Congratulates Dr the Hon Keith Rowley and the PNM on Election Victory". amchamtt.com. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  146. ^ Sugg, Baroness [@liz_sugg] (19 August 2020). "My congratulations to @DrKeithRowley on your re-election, and on today's swearing-in to office. I look forward to our continued partnership as the UK and Trinidad & Tobago work together to fight #Covid19, deepen our security cooperation & combat the threat of climate change 🇬🇧🇹🇹" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  147. ^ Stew, Tim [@HCTimStew] (19 August 2020). "Congratulations @DrKeithRowley on your re-election success! T&T 🇹🇹 & the UK 🇬🇧 enjoy a strong partnership. I look forward to that partnership depending & prospering in the years ahead. t.co/YaUWrDYxLB" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 28 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  148. ^ UKinCaribbean 🇬🇧 [@UKinCaribbean] (19 August 2020). "#UKinTT congratulates Prime Minister @DrKeithRowley, newly appointed Ministers and all other Parliamentary representatives on today's swearing-in. We look forward to a strong partnership in the coming years. t.co/Yx8Q7JrWYb" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021 – via Twitter.
  149. ^ "Log into Facebook". Facebook. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  150. ^ EmbaMex T&T [@EmbaMexTT] (19 August 2020). "CONGRATULATIONS to the new goverment [sic] of Trinidad and Tobago t.co/SLCEpxkMOS" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 5 August 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via Twitter.
  151. ^ EmbaMex T&T [@EmbaMexTT] (19 August 2020). "Hoy, 19 de agosto de 2020, tomó juramento ante la Presidenta Paula-Mae Weekes el nuevo gobierno de 🇹🇹 , encabezado por el Primer Ministro @DrKeithRowley . Felicidades . t.co/7ncyvn8bOw" (Tweet) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 5 August 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via Twitter.
  152. ^ "Li Keqiang'dan Trinidad ve Tobago Başbakanı seçilen Rowley'e tebrik" (in Turkish). Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  153. ^ CRI Türkçe [@CRI_Turkish] (22 August 2020). "📌 Başbakanı Li Keqiang, göreve yeniden seçilen Trinidad ve Tobago Başbakanı Keith Rowley'e tebrik mesajı gönderdi 📌 Li, iki ülkenin Covid-19 salgınıyla mücadelede birbirine destek vererek, ikili dostluğun tarihinde yeni bir sayfa açtığını dile getirdi t.co/tal63kq8SO" (Tweet) (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 5 August 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via Twitter.
  154. ^ Ekomonitör [@ekomonitorgzt] (22 August 2020). "Li Keqiang'dan Trinidad ve Tobago Başbakanı seçilen Rowley'e tebrik t.co/nd6m5zN0S6 t.co/dPHh01flVm" (Tweet) (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 18 July 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021 – via Twitter.
  155. ^ "Ambassador Hirayama paid a courtesy call to Dr. the Hon. Keith Rowley, Prime Minister of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago on November 30th, 2020" (PDF). www.tt.emb-japan.go.jp. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  156. ^ "Foreign Policy News". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Archived from the original on 27 October 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  157. ^ "Log into Facebook". Facebook. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)

External links[edit]