2020 United States Census

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Twenty-fourth Census
of the United States
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
Seal of the U.S. Census Bureau
The "Census 2020" logo
General information
Country United States
Date taken April 1, 2020

The 2020 United States Census, known as Census 2020, will be the twenty-fourth United States Census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, will be April 1, 2020.[1]


As required by the United States Constitution, the U.S. Census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2010 United States Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U.S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code.[2] As per the 72-year rule, personally identifiable information is scheduled to become available in 2092.[3]


The United States Census Bureau annually conducts population projections for the United States as a whole and individual states, which are based on data from the previous census (in this case, the 2010 census) and calculated using a cohort-component method. Population projections also take into consideration births, deaths, and net migration.[4]

In 2020, the United States population is projected to be 333,546,000,[5] an 8.03% increase from the 2010 Census.


The Commerce Department announced in March 2018 that the 2020 Census will ask respondents if they are United States citizens in agreement with a request from the Trump administration.[6] 11 states (Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Washington, California) have stated they would sue to block the Trump administration's requested question.[7] The only trial run of the Census is occurring in Providence County, Rhode Island, without the citizenship question.[8]

Implementation problems[edit]

The printing company Cenveo won the $61 million contract to produce census forms and reminders, but went bankrupt a few months later. The Inspector General of the U.S. Government Publishing Office said the agency failed to check the company's financial status, and improperly allowed the company to lower its bid after other bids were unsealed.[9]


  1. ^ "Interactive Timeline". About the 2010 Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 2011. Archived from the original on December 20, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2011.
  2. ^ Must I answer the census?[permanent dead link] from the United States Census website
  3. ^ PIO, US Census Bureau, Census History Staff,. "The "72-Year Rule" - History - U.S. Census Bureau". Census.gov. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
  4. ^ "About Population Projections - People and Households - U.S. Census Bureau".
  5. ^ https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popproj.html
  6. ^ Baumgaertner, Emily (2018-03-26). "Despite Concerns, Census Will Ask Respondents if They Are U.S. Citizens". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  7. ^ Wines, Michael; Baumgaertner, Emily (2018-03-27). "At Least Twelve States to Sue Trump Administration Over Census Citizenship Question". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  8. ^ McGowan, Dan (2018-03-28). "RI leaders meet to discuss concerns with census trial run". WPRI. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  9. ^ Officials Botched 2020 Census Printing Contract, Report Finds

External links[edit]