Page semi-protected

2020 United States presidential election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2020 United States presidential election

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2024 →

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
Opinion polls

2020 United States presidential election in California2020 United States presidential election in Oregon2020 United States presidential election in Washington (state)2020 United States presidential election in Idaho2020 United States presidential election in Nevada2020 United States presidential election in Utah2020 United States presidential election in Arizona2020 United States presidential election in Montana2020 United States presidential election in Wyoming2020 United States presidential election in Colorado2020 United States presidential election in New Mexico2020 United States presidential election in North Dakota2020 United States presidential election in South Dakota2020 United States presidential election in Nebraska2020 United States presidential election in Kansas2020 United States presidential election in Oklahoma2020 United States presidential election in Texas2020 United States presidential election in Minnesota2020 United States presidential election in Iowa2020 United States presidential election in Missouri2020 United States presidential election in Arkansas2020 United States presidential election in Louisiana2020 United States presidential election in Wisconsin2020 United States presidential election in Illinois2020 United States presidential election in Michigan2020 United States presidential election in Indiana2020 United States presidential election in Ohio2020 United States presidential election in Kentucky2020 United States presidential election in Tennessee2020 United States presidential election in Mississippi2020 United States presidential election in Alabama2020 United States presidential election in Georgia2020 United States presidential election in Florida2020 United States presidential election in South Carolina2020 United States presidential election in North Carolina2020 United States presidential election in Virginia2020 United States presidential election in West Virginia2020 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia2020 United States presidential election in Maryland2020 United States presidential election in Delaware2020 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania2020 United States presidential election in New Jersey2020 United States presidential election in New York2020 United States presidential election in Connecticut2020 United States presidential election in Rhode Island2020 United States presidential election in Vermont2020 United States presidential election in New Hampshire2020 United States presidential election in Maine2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts2020 United States presidential election in Hawaii2020 United States presidential election in Alaska2020 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia2020 United States presidential election in Maryland2020 United States presidential election in Delaware2020 United States presidential election in New Jersey2020 United States presidential election in Connecticut2020 United States presidential election in Rhode Island2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts2020 United States presidential election in Vermont2020 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege2020.svg
About this image
The electoral map for the 2020 election, based on populations from the 2010 Census.

Incumbent President

Donald Trump
Republican



The 2020 United States presidential election, scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020, will be the 59th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn on December 14, 2020,[1] will either elect a new president and vice president or re-elect the incumbents. In the event that no candidate receives the minimum 270 electoral votes needed to win the election, the United States House of Representatives will select the president from three candidates that received the most electoral votes, and the United States Senate will select the vice president from the candidates that received the two highest totals. The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses is likely to be held during the first six months of 2020. This nominating process is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots selecting a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who then in turn elect their party's presidential nominee and his or her vice presidential running mate.

The winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2021.

Background

Procedure

Article Two of the United States Constitution states that for a person to serve as president of the United States the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old and a United States resident for at least 14 years. Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the various political parties of the United States, in which case each party develops a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. The primary elections are usually indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The presidential nominee typically chooses a vice presidential running mate to form that party's ticket, who is then ratified by the delegates (with the exception of the Libertarian Party, which nominates its vice presidential candidate by delegate vote regardless of the presidential nominee's preference). The general election in November is also an indirect election, in which voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors then directly elect the president and vice president.[2]

In August 2018, the Democratic National Committee voted to disallow superdelegates from voting on the first ballot of the nominating process, beginning with the 2020 election. This would require a candidate to win a majority of pledged delegates from the assorted primary elections in order to win the party's nomination. The last time this did not occur was the nomination of Adlai Stevenson II at the 1952 Democratic National Convention.[3]

On August 26, 2019, the Maine legislature passed a bill adopting instant-runoff voting for both presidential primaries and the general election.[4][5] On September 6, 2019, Governor Janet Mills allowed the bill to become law without her signature, which delayed it from taking effect until after the 2020 Democratic primary in March, but puts Maine on track to be the first state to use instant-runoff voting for a presidential general election.[6] The law continues the use of the congressional district method for the allocation of electors, as Maine and Nebraska have used in recent elections. The change could potentially prevent the projection of the winner(s) of Maine's electoral votes for over a week after election day, and would also complicate interpretation of the national popular vote.

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution states that an individual cannot be elected to the presidency more than twice. This prohibits former presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama from being elected president again. Former president Jimmy Carter, having served a single term as president, is not constitutionally prohibited from being elected to another term in the 2020 election.

Demographic trends

The age group of what will then be people in the 18 to 45-year-old bracket is expected to represent just under 40 percent of the United States' eligible voters in 2020. It is expected that more than 30 percent of eligible American voters will be nonwhite.[7]

A bipartisan report indicates that changes in voter demographics since the 2016 election could impact the results of the 2020 election. African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and other ethnic minorities, as well as "whites with a college degree", are expected to all increase their percentage of national eligible voters by 2020, while "whites without a college degree" will decrease. This shift is potentially an advantage for the Democratic nominee; however, due to geographical differences, this could still lead to President Trump (or a different Republican nominee) winning the Electoral College while still losing the popular vote, possibly by an even larger margin than in 2016.[8]

Simultaneous elections

The presidential election will occur simultaneously with elections to the Senate and the House of Representatives. Several states will also hold state gubernatorial and state legislative elections. Following the election, the United States House will redistribute the seats among the 50 states based on the results of the 2020 United States Census, and the states will conduct a redistricting of Congressional and state legislative districts. In most states the governor and the state legislature conduct the redistricting (although some states have redistricting commissions), and often a party that wins a presidential election experiences a coattail effect that also helps other candidates of that party win elections.[9] Therefore, the party that wins the 2020 presidential election could also win a significant advantage in the drawing of new Congressional and state legislative districts that would stay in effect until the 2032 elections.[10]

Nominations

Republican Party

Donald Trump is formally seeking re-election.[11][12] His re-election campaign has been ongoing since his victory in 2016, leading pundits to describe his tactic of holding rallies continuously throughout his presidency as a "never-ending campaign".[13] On January 20, 2017, at 5:11 p.m., he submitted a letter as a substitute of FEC Form 2, by which he reached the legal threshold for filing, in compliance with the Federal Election Campaign Act.[14]

Beginning in August 2017, reports arose that members of the Republican Party were preparing a "shadow campaign" against Trump, particularly from the moderate or establishment wings of the party. Then-Arizona senator John McCain said that "[Republicans] see weakness in this president."[15] Maine senator Susan Collins, Kentucky senator Rand Paul, and former New Jersey governor Chris Christie all expressed doubts in 2017 that Trump would be the 2020 nominee, with Collins stating "it's too difficult to say."[16][17] Senator Jeff Flake claimed in 2017 that Trump was "inviting" a primary challenger by the way he was governing.[18] Longtime political strategist Roger Stone, however, predicted in May 2018 that Trump might not seek a second term were he to succeed in keeping all of his campaign promises and "mak[ing] America great again".[19]

The Republican National Committee unofficially endorsed Trump on January 25, 2019.[20]

Former Massachusetts governor Bill Weld became Trump's first official challenger in the Republican primaries following an announcement on April 15, 2019.[21] Weld, who was the Libertarian Party's nominee for vice president in 2016, is considered a long shot because his libertarian views on several political positions such as abortion rights, gay marriage and marijuana legalization conflict with traditionalist conservative positions.[22] Former Illinois representative Joe Walsh launched the second primary challenge on August 25, 2019, saying that "I'm going to do whatever I can. I don't want [Trump] to win. The country cannot afford to have him win. If I'm not successful, I'm not voting for him."[23] On September 8, 2019, former South Carolina governor and congressman Mark Sanford officially announced that he will be the third major Republican primary challenger to Trump.[24]

Declared major candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Mark Sanford, Official Portrait, 113th Congress (cropped).jpg
Mark Sanford
May 28, 1960
(age 59)
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
U.S. representative from SC-01 (1995–2001, 2013–2019)
Governor of South Carolina (2003–2011)
Flag of South Carolina.svg
South Carolina
Mark Sanford 2020.png
Campaign
Campaign: September 8, 2019[24]
Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg
Donald Trump
June 14, 1946
(age 73)
Queens, New York
President of the United States (2017–present)
Businessman, television personality, real estate developer
Flag of New York.svg
New York
TrumpPenceKAG.png
Campaign
Campaign (formal): February 20, 2017
Campaign (relaunch): June 18, 2019

FEC filing[25]
Rep Joe Walsh.jpg
Joe Walsh
December 27, 1961
(age 57)
North Barrington, Illinois
U.S. representative from IL-08 (2011–2013)
Conservative talk radio host
Flag of Illinois.svg
Illinois
Joe Walsh 2020 Logo-black.svg
Campaign
Campaign: August 25, 2019
FEC filing[26]
Bill Weld campaign portrait.jpg
Bill Weld
July 31, 1945
(age 74)
Smithtown, New York
Governor of Massachusetts (1991–1997)
Libertarian nominee for Vice President in 2016
Republican nominee for U.S. Senate from Massachusetts in 1996
Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Bill-weld-2020 logo.svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee: February 15, 2019
Campaign: April 15, 2019

FEC filing[27]

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

Endorsements

Democratic Party

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, the Democratic Party was seen largely as leaderless[30] and fractured between the centrist Clinton wing and the more progressive Sanders wing of the party, echoing the rift brought up in the 2016 primary election.[31][32]

This divide between the establishment and progressive wings of the party has been reflected in several elections leading up to the 2020 primaries, most notably in 2017 with the election for DNC chair between Biden-backed moderate Tom Perez and Sanders-backed progressive Keith Ellison:[33] Perez was elected chairman, but Ellison was appointed the deputy chair, a largely ceremonial role. In 2018, several U.S. House districts that Democrats hoped to gain from the Republican majority had contentious primary elections. These clashes were described by Politico's Elena Schneider as a "Democratic civil war."[34] Meanwhile, there has been a general shift to the left in regards to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration among Democrats in the Senate, likely to build up credentials for the upcoming primary election.[35][36]

Perez has commented that the 2020 primary field would likely go into double digits, rivaling the size of the 2016 GOP primary, which consisted of 17 major candidates, setting a then-record for the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history.[37][38] Several female candidates are expected to enter the race, increasing the likelihood of the Democrats nominating a woman for the second time in a row.[39] Speculation also mounted that Democrats' best bet to defeat President Trump would be to nominate their own celebrity or businessperson with no government experience, most notably Oprah Winfrey after her speech at the 75th Golden Globe Awards.[40]

The topic of age has been brought up among the most likely front-runners: former vice president Joe Biden, Massachusetts senator Elizabeth Warren, and Vermont senator Bernie Sanders, who will be 78, 71, and 79 respectively on inauguration day. Former Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid (who will be 81 on inauguration day) described the trio as "an old folks' home", expressing a need for fresh faces to step up and lead the party.[41]

There are 20 major candidates running active campaigns as of August 28, 2019. Counting the candidates who have dropped out, 27 major candidates have sought the 2020 Democratic nomination, breaking the aforementioned 2016 GOP primary's record for the largest presidential primary field for any political party since 1972.[42][38]

Declared major candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Michael Bennet Official Photo (cropped).jpg
Michael Bennet
November 28, 1964
(age 54)
New Delhi, India
U.S. senator from Colorado (2009–present) Flag of Colorado.svg
Colorado
Michael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: May 2, 2019
FEC filing[43]
[44]
Joe Biden 2013.jpg
Joe Biden
November 20, 1942
(age 76)
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Vice President of the United States (2009–2017)
U.S. senator from Delaware (1973–2009)
Democratic candidate for President in 1988 and 2008
Flag of Delaware.svg
Delaware
Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: April 25, 2019
FEC filing[45]
[46]
Cory Booker, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg
Cory Booker
April 27, 1969
(age 50)
Washington, D.C.
U.S. senator from New Jersey (2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (2006–2013)
Flag of New Jersey.svg
New Jersey
Cory Booker 2020 Logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: February 1, 2019
FEC filing[47]
[48]
Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Steve Bullock
April 11, 1966
(age 53)
Missoula, Montana
Governor of Montana (2013–present)
Chair of the National Governors Association (2018–2019)
Attorney General of Montana (2009–2013)
Flag of Montana.svg
Montana
Steve Bullock 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: May 14, 2019
FEC filing[49]
[50][51]
Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Pete Buttigieg
January 19, 1982
(age 37)
South Bend, Indiana
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana (2012–present)
Democratic nominee for Indiana Treasurer in 2010
Flag of Indiana.svg
Indiana
Pete for America logo (Strato Blue).svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee: January 23, 2019
Campaign: April 14, 2019

FEC filing[52]
[53]
Julián Castro's Official HUD Portrait (cropped).jpg
Julián Castro
September 16, 1974
(age 45)
San Antonio, Texas
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas (2009–2014)
Flag of Texas.svg
Texas
Julian Castro 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
December 12, 2018
Campaign: January 12, 2019

FEC filing[54]
[55]
Bill de Blasio by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Bill de Blasio
May 8, 1961
(age 58)
Manhattan, New York
Mayor of New York City, New York (2014–present) Flag of New York.svg
New York
Bill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: May 16, 2019
FEC filing[56]
[57]
John Delaney 113th Congress official photo (cropped) 2.jpg
John Delaney
April 16, 1963
(age 56)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. representative from MD-06 (2013–2019) Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
John Delaney 2020 logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: July 28, 2017
FEC filing[58]
[59]
Tulsi Gabbard, official portrait, 113th Congress (cropped 3).jpg
Tulsi Gabbard
April 12, 1981
(age 38)
Leloaloa, American Samoa
U.S. representative from HI-02 (2013–present) Flag of Hawaii.svg
Hawaii
Tulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaign logo black.svg
Campaign
Campaign: January 11, 2019
FEC filing[60]
[61]
Kamala Harris official photo (cropped).jpg
Kamala Harris
October 20, 1964
(age 54)
Oakland, California
U.S. senator from California (2017–present)
Attorney General of California (2011–2017)
Flag of California.svg
California
Kamala Harris 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: January 21, 2019
FEC filing[62]
[63]
Amy Klobuchar, official portrait, 113th Congress (cropped 2).jpg
Amy Klobuchar
May 25, 1960
(age 59)
Plymouth, Minnesota
U.S. senator from Minnesota (2007–present) Flag of Minnesota.svg
Minnesota
Amy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: February 10, 2019
FEC filing[64]
[65]
Wayne Messam by Marc Nozell (cropped).jpg
Wayne Messam
June 7, 1974
(age 45)
South Bay, Florida
Mayor of Miramar, Florida (2015–present) Flag of Florida.svg
Florida
Wayne Messam 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
March 13, 2019
Campaign: March 28, 2019

FEC filing[66]
[67]
Beto O'Rourke April 2019.jpg
Beto O'Rourke
September 26, 1972
(age 46)
El Paso, Texas
U.S. representative from TX-16 (2013–2019)
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senate from Texas in 2018
Flag of Texas.svg
Texas
Beto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: March 14, 2019
FEC filing[68]
[69]
Rep. Tim Ryan Congressional Head Shot 2010 (cropped 3).jpg
Tim Ryan
July 16, 1973
(age 46)
Niles, Ohio
U.S. representative from OH-13 (2013–present)
U.S. representative from OH-17 (2003–2013)
Flag of Ohio.svg
Ohio

Timryan2020.png
Campaign


Campaign: April 4, 2019
FEC filing[70]
[71]
Bernie Sanders.jpg
Bernie Sanders
September 8, 1941
(age 78)
Brooklyn, New York
U.S. senator from Vermont (2007–present)
U.S. representative from VT-AL (1991–2007)
Mayor of Burlington, Vermont (1981–1989)
Democratic candidate for President in 2016
Candidate for Governor of Vermont in 1972, 1976, and 1986
Candidate for U.S. Senate from Vermont in 1972 and 1974
Flag of Vermont.svg
Vermont
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: February 19, 2019
FEC filing[72]
[73]
Congressman Sestak Official Congressional headshot.jpg
Joe Sestak
December 12, 1951
(age 67)
Secane, Pennsylvania
U.S. representative from PA-07 (2007–2011)
Democratic nominee (in 2010) and candidate (in 2016) for U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
Pennsylvania

Campaign
Campaign: June 22, 2019
FEC filing[74]
[75]
Tom Steyer by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Tom Steyer
June 27, 1957
(age 62)
Manhattan, New York
Hedge fund manager
Founder of Farallon Capital
Flag of California.svg
California
Tom Steyer 2020 logo (black text).svg
Campaign
Campaign: July 9, 2019
FEC filing[76]
[77]
Elizabeth Warren, official portrait, 114th Congress (cropped)(2).jpg
Elizabeth Warren
June 22, 1949
(age 70)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
U.S. senator from Massachusetts (2013–present)
Special Advisor to the President for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (2010-2011)
Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
December 31, 2018
Campaign: February 9, 2019

FEC filing[78]
[79]
Marianne Williamson Profile.jpg
Marianne Williamson
July 8, 1952
(age 67)
Houston, Texas
Author
Founder of Project Angel Food
Independent candidate for U.S. House from CA-33 in 2014
Flag of Iowa.svg
Iowa
Marianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
November 15, 2018
Campaign: January 28, 2019

FEC filing[80]
[81]
Andrew Yang by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Andrew Yang
January 13, 1975
(age 44)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur
Founder of Venture for America
Flag of New York.svg
New York
Andrew Yang 2020 logo.png
Campaign
Campaign: November 6, 2017
FEC filing[82]
[83]

Withdrawn candidates

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign
announced
Campaign
suspended
Article Ref.
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
Richard Ojeda
September 25, 1970
(age 48)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia state senator from WV-SD07 (2016–2019)
Nominee for U.S. representative from WV-03 in 2018, candidate in 2014
Flag of West Virginia.svg
West Virginia
November 11, 2018 January 25, 2019
Campaign
FEC filing[84]
[85][86]
Eric Swalwell 114th official photo (cropped).jpg
Eric Swalwell
November 16, 1980
(age 38)
Sac City, Iowa
U.S. representative from CA-15 (2013–present) Flag of California.svg
California
April 8, 2019 July 8, 2019
(running for re-election)
Eric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[87]
[88][89]

Mike Gravel
May 13, 1930
(age 89)
Springfield, Massachusetts
U.S. senator from Alaska (1969–1981)
Democratic and Libertarian candidate for President in 2008
Flag of California.svg
California
April 2, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 19, 2019
April 1, 2019
August 6, 2019
(co-endorsed Sanders and Gabbard)[90]
Gravel Mg web logo line two color.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[91]
[92][90]
John Hickenlooper by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Hickenlooper
February 7, 1952
(age 67)
Narberth, Pennsylvania
Governor of Colorado (2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado (2003–2011)
Flag of Colorado.svg
Colorado
March 4, 2019 August 15, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)[93]
John Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
FEC filing[94]
[95][96]
Jay Inslee official portrait (cropped 2).jpg
Jay Inslee
February 9, 1951
(age 68)
Seattle, Washington
Governor of Washington (2013–present)
U.S. representative from WA-01 (1999–2012)
U.S. representative from WA-04 (1993–1995)
Flag of Washington.svg
Washington
March 1, 2019 August 21, 2019
(running for re-election)[97]
Jay Inslee 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[98]
[99][100]
Seth Moulton (cropped 2).jpg
Seth Moulton
October 24, 1978
(age 40)
Salem, Massachusetts
U.S. representative from MA-06 (2015–present) Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
April 22, 2019 August 23, 2019
(running for re-election)[101]

Campaign
FEC filing[102]
[103][104]
Kirsten Gillibrand, official photo, 116th Congress (cropped).jpg
Kirsten Gillibrand
December 9, 1966
(age 52)
Albany, New York
U.S. senator from New York (2009–present)
U.S. representative from NY-20 (2007–2009)
Flag of New York.svg
New York
March 17, 2019
Exploratory committee: January 15, 2019
March 16, 2019
August 28, 2019 Gillibrand 2020 logo.png
Campaign
FEC filing[105]
[106][107]

Endorsements

Libertarian Party

Libertarian debates are being held at multiple state conventions[108], as well as bi-weekly on the We Are Libertarians podcast.

Declared candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Max suit small.jpg
Max Abramson
April 29, 1976
(age 43)
Kent, Washington
New Hampshire state representative from NH-20 (2014–2016 and 2018–present)
Libertarian nominee for Governor of New Hampshire in 2016
Flag of New Hampshire.svg
New Hampshire
Max Abramson 2020 logo.png
June 30, 2019
FEC Filing[109]
[110]
Dan Taxation Is Theft Behrman for President 2020.jpg
Dan Behrman
April 24, 1981
(age 38)
Los Angeles, California
Software engineer, internet personality and podcaster
Nominee for Texas state representative from TX-125 in 2014
Flag of Texas.svg
Texas
Behrman 2020 logo.jpg
January 30, 2019
FEC Filing[111]
[112]
Gray - replace this image female.svg
Souraya Faas
December 19, 1981
(age 37)
Miami, Florida
Former member of the Miami-Dade County Republican Executive Committee
Republican candidate for U.S. representative from FL-26 in 2018
Independent candidate for President in 2016
Flag of Florida.svg
Florida
May 3, 2019
FEC Filing[113]
[114]
Kokesh2013.jpg
Adam Kokesh
February 1, 1982
(age 37)
San Francisco, California
Libertarian and anti-war political activist
Candidate for U.S. Senate from Arizona in 2018
Republican candidate for U.S. representative from NM-03 in 2010
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona
AdamKokesh2020CampaignLogo.png
July 18, 2013
FEC Filing[115]
[116]
John McAfee by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John McAfee
September 18, 1945
(age 73)
Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire,
United Kingdom
Founder and CEO of McAfee, Inc. 1987–1994
Candidate for President in 2016
Flag of Tennessee.svg
Tennessee
McAfee 2020 logo.png
Campaign
June 3, 2018
FEC Filing[117]
[118][119]
Gray - replace this image female.svg
Kim Ruff
Peoria, Arizona Vice chair of the LP Radical Caucus
Write-in candidate for Arizona State Mine Inspector in 2018
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona
RuffPhillips 2020 campaign logo.png
March 25, 2019
FEC Filing[120]
[121]
Lozwp DSC00677.jpg
Vermin Supreme
June 1961
(age 57)
Rockport, Massachusetts
Performance artist and activist
Candidate for President in 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016
Candidate for Mayor of Detroit, Michigan in 1989
Candidate for Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland in 1987
Flag of Kansas.svg
Kansas
Vermin Supreme A Dictator You Can Trust.svg
May 28, 2018
FEC Filing[122]
[123]
Arvin Vohra on The Tatiana Show.jpg
Arvin Vohra
May 9, 1979
(age 40)
Silver Spring, Maryland
Vice Chair of the LNC 2014–2018
Nominee for U.S. Senate from Maryland in 2018 and 2016
Nominee for U.S. representative from Maryland in 2012 and 2014
Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
Arvin Vohra 2020 logo.png
July 3, 2018
FEC Filing[124]
[125]

Withdrawn candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign Ref.
Zoltan Istvan public profile photo (cropped).jpg
Zoltan Istvan
March 30, 1973
(aged 45)
Los Angeles, California
Transhumanist activist and futurist
Transhumanist nominee for President in 2016
candidate for Governor of California in 2018
Flag of California.svg
California
Announced campaign:
November 25, 2017

Suspended campaign:
January 11, 2019 (publicly revealed)

[126][127]
Gray - replace this image male.svg
William Hurst
Alabama Defense contractor Flag of Alabama.svg
Alabama
Announced campaign:
July 30, 2018

Suspended campaign:
February 19, 2019

(Endorsed Ruff)

[128]
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Christopher Marks
Columbia City, Indiana Lawyer and technician Flag of Indiana.svg
Indiana
Announced campaign:
February 7, 2017

Suspended campaign:
August 8, 2019

[129]

Publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months.

Green Party

On July 24, 2019, the Green Party of the United States officially recognized the campaign of Howie Hawkins.[134] On August 26, 2019, Dario Hunter's campaign was also recognized.[135] Other candidates have until the end of 2019 to obtain formal recognition, after meeting the established criteria by the party's Presidential Campaign Support Committee.[136]

Declared candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Candidates formally recognized by GPUS
Hawkins 2010.jpg
Howie Hawkins
December 8, 1952
(age 66)
San Francisco, California
Activist; co-founder of the Green Party
Green nominee for Governor of New York in 2010, 2014, and 2018
Green nominee for U.S. representative from NY-25 in 2008
Green nominee for U.S. Senate from New York in 2006
Flag of New York.svg
New York
Howie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
April 3, 2019

Campaign: May 28, 2019
FEC filing[137]
[138][139][140]
Dario Hunter YCSD (cropped) (cropped).jpg
Dario Hunter
April 21, 1983
(age 36)
Livingston, New Jersey
Youngstown Board of Education member (2016–present) Flag of Ohio.svg
Ohio
Dario Hunter 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Exploratory committee:
January 21, 2019

Campaign: February 18, 2019
FEC filing[141]
[142]
Other candidates (not officially recognized)
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Roland G. Aranjo
September 15, 1961
(age 58)
Denver, Colorado
Author
Democratic candidate for President in 2008
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona
Campaign March 19, 2019
FEC filing[143]
[144]
Sedinam Curry (cropped).png
Sedinam Kinamo Christin
Moyowasifza Curry
January 1, 1962
(age 57)
Los Angeles, California[145]
Activist
Green candidate for President in 2016
Flag of California.svg
California
Campaign: July 29, 2015
FEC filing[146]
[147]
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Dennis Lambert
March 1, 1974
(age 45)
Documentary filmmaker
Green candidate for U.S. representative from OH-15 in 2016
Green nominee for U.S. representative from OH-06 in 2014
Flag of Ohio.svg
Ohio
Campaign: May 10, 2019
FEC filing[148]
[149][150]
David Rolde (Green Party US).jpg
David Rolde
September 13, 1967
(age 52)
Activist Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Campaign: July 14, 2019
FEC filing[151]
[152]
Ian Schlakman (cropped).jpg
Ian Schlakman
December 15, 1984
(age 34)
Suffolk County, New York
Former co-chair of the Maryland Green Party
Green nominee for Governor of Maryland in 2018
Green nominee for U.S. representative from MD-02 in 2014
Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
Campaign: December 3, 2018
FEC filing[153]
[154]

Withdrawn candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign Ref.
Gary swing.jpg
Gary Swing
January 30, 1968
(age 50)
Willingboro Township, New Jersey
Event promoter
Green nominee for U.S. representative from AZ-07 in 2018
Green candidate for U.S. representative from CO-03 in 2018
Green nominee for U.S. Senate from Arizona in 2016
Green nominee for U.S. representative from CO-06 in 2014
Green nominee for U.S. representative from CO-01 in 2012
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona
Campaign: May 18, 2018
FEC Filing[155]
Suspended: November 2, 2018
[156][157]
Alan 2020 Still Photo Square.jpg
Alan Augustson
February 14, 1964
(age 55)
Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan
Public policy analyst
Green candidate for U.S. representative from IL-05 in 2009
Green nominee for U.S. representative from IL-05 in 2008
Flag of New Mexico.svg
New Mexico
Reboot America Logo.svg
Campaign: April 6, 2019
FEC Filing[158]
Suspended: June 10, 2019
(endorsed Hunter)
[159][160]


Reform Party

Withdrawn candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Darcy Richardson.jpg
Darcy Richardson
December 6, 1955
(age 63)
Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania
Author, historian, and political activist
Reform nominee for Governor of Florida in 2018
Reform candidate for President in 2016
Democratic candidate for President in 2012
Independent candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Florida in 2010
Consumer nominee for U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania in 1988
Flag of Florida.svg
Florida
July 15, 2019

Suspended campaign:
September 12, 2019
[161][unreliable source]

[162]

American Solidarity Party

Nominated candidate

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Brian T. Carroll - head shot .75 aspect ratio.png
Brian T. Carroll
December 15, 1949
(age 69)
California
Teacher
Independent candidate for U.S. Representative from CA-22 in 2018
Flag of California.svg
California
April 2, 2019 [163]

Socialist Action

Declared candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Jeff Mackler
(date of birth unknown) Activist
Socialist Action nominee for President in 2016
Socialist Action nominee for U.S. Senate from California in 2006
Flag of California.svg
California
May 11, 2019 [164]

Bread and Roses

Declared candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Jerome Segal
November 25, 1943
(age 75)
The Bronx, New York
Founder of the Bread and Roses political party, philosopher and political activist
Democratic candidate for U.S. Senate from Maryland in 2018
Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
August 28, 2019 [165]

Independent or unaffiliated

Declared candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Mark Charles

(Date of birth unknown)
Gallup, New Mexico
Activist, consultant, journalist, public speaker Flag of the District of Columbia.svg
District of Columbia
May 30, 2019 [166]

Notable people who have announced that they are running for president in 2020 as independent candidates but have not established campaign websites are:

Withdrawn candidates

Declined

Party conventions

Map of United States showing Milwaukee, Charlotte, and Austin
Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Charlotte
Charlotte
Austin
Austin
Detroit
Detroit
  Democratic Party
  Republican Party
  Libertarian Party
  Green Party

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is scheduled from July 13–16 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[171][172] Houston, Texas and Miami Beach, Florida were also considered to host the convention.[173]

The 2020 Republican National Convention is planned to be held in Charlotte, North Carolina, on August 24–27.[174]

This will be the first time since 2004 that the two major party conventions will be held at least one month apart with the Summer Olympics in between[175] (in 2008 and 2012, the Democratic and Republican conventions were held in back-to-back weeks following the Summer Olympics, while in 2016 both were held before the Rio Games).

The 2020 Libertarian National Convention will be held in Austin, Texas, over Memorial Day weekend, May 22–25.[176][177]

The 2020 Green National Convention will be held in Detroit, Michigan from July 9-12. Greenville, South Carolina and Spartanburg, South Carolina were also considered to host the convention.[178]

General election debates

The Commission on Presidential Debates announced on April 3, 2019, the six finalist cities that could hold the three presidential debates: Nashville, Tennessee; Hartford, Connecticut; Omaha, Nebraska; Ann Arbor, Michigan; Notre Dame, Indiana; and Salt Lake City, Utah.[179]

General election polling

State predictions

Most election predictors use:

  • "tossup": no advantage
  • "tilt" (used sometimes): advantage that is not quite as strong as "lean"
  • "lean": slight advantage
  • "likely" or "favored": significant, but surmountable, advantage (*highest rating given by Fox News)
  • "safe" or "solid": near-certain chance of victory
State PVI[180] Previous
result
Cook
January 9,
2019
[181]
IE
April 19,
2019
[182]
Sabato
February 27,
2019
[183]
Alabama R+14 62.1% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Alaska R+9 51.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Arizona R+5 48.9% R Tossup Tilt R Tossup
Arkansas R+15 60.6% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
California D+12 61.7% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Colorado D+1 48.2% D Likely D Safe D Lean D
Connecticut D+6 54.6% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Delaware D+6 53.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
District of Columbia D+41 90.9% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Florida R+2 49.0% R Tossup Tossup Lean R
Georgia R+5 50.8% R Lean R Likely R Lean R
Hawaii D+18 62.2% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Idaho R+19 59.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Illinois D+7 55.8% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Indiana R+9 56.8% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Iowa R+3 51.2% R Lean R Lean R Lean R
Kansas R+13 56.7% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Kentucky R+15 62.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Louisiana R+11 58.1% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Maine D+3 47.8% D Lean D Lean D
(only statewide
rating given)
Lean D
ME-1 D+8 54.0% D Safe D Safe D
ME-2 R+2 51.3% R Lean R Lean R
Maryland D+12 60.3% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Massachusetts D+12 60.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Michigan D+1 47.5% R Tossup Tilt D (flip) Lean D (flip)
Minnesota D+1 46.4% D Lean D Likely D Lean D
Mississippi R+9 57.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Missouri R+9 56.8% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Montana R+11 56.2% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Nebraska R+14 58.8% R Safe R Safe R
(only statewide
rating given)
Safe R
NE-1 R+11 56.2% R Safe R Safe R
NE-2 R+4 47.2% R Lean R Tossup
NE-3 R+27 73.9% R Safe R Safe R
Nevada D+1 47.9% D Lean D Lean D Lean D
New Hampshire EVEN 47.0% D Lean D Lean D Tossup
New Jersey D+7 55.0% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
New Mexico D+3 48.4% D Safe D Safe D Likely D
New York D+11 59.0% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
North Carolina R+3 49.8% R Lean R Tossup Lean R
North Dakota R+16 63.0% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Ohio R+3 51.7% R Likely R Likely R Lean R
Oklahoma R+20 65.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Oregon D+5 50.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Pennsylvania EVEN 48.2% R Tossup Tilt D (flip) Tossup
Rhode Island D+10 54.4% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
South Carolina R+8 54.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
South Dakota R+14 61.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Tennessee R+14 60.7% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Texas R+8 52.2% R Likely R Safe R Lean R
Utah R+20 45.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Vermont D+15 56.7% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Virginia D+1 49.7% D Likely D Safe D Lean D
Washington D+7 52.5% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
West Virginia R+19 68.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Wisconsin EVEN 47.2% R Tossup Tossup Tossup
Wyoming R+25 67.4% R Safe R Safe R Safe R

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Amash is not a member of the Libertarian Party, but has been the subject of speculation as a potential Libertarian Party candidate.

References

  1. ^ "3 U.S.C. § 7 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 3. The President § 7. Meeting and vote of electors", FindLaw.com.
  2. ^ "US Election guide: how does the election work?". The Daily Telegraph. November 6, 2012. Archived from the original on November 10, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  3. ^ Levy, Adam (August 25, 2018). "DNC changes superdelegate rules in presidential nomination process". CNN. Archived from the original on August 26, 2018. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  4. ^ Miller, Kevin (August 26, 2019). "Maine Senate passes ranked-choice voting for March presidential primaries". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  5. ^ Shepard, Michael (August 28, 2019). "Maine might switch to a ranked-choice presidential election. Here's how it would look". CBS 13. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  6. ^ Sherpard, Michael (September 6, 2019). "Maine will use ranked-choice voting in next year's presidential election — but not the 2020 primaries". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  7. ^ Weeks, Linton (January 25, 2013). "Forget 2016. The Pivotal Year In Politics May Be 2020". NPR. Archived from the original on October 6, 2015. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
  8. ^ Chinni, Dante (April 22, 2018). "Demographic shifts show 2020 presidential race could be close". NBC News. Archived from the original on April 23, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  9. ^ Campbell, James E. (March 1986). "Presidential Coattails and Midterm Losses in State Legislative Elections". The American Political Science Review. 80 (1): 45–63. doi:10.2307/1957083. JSTOR 1957083.
  10. ^ Sarlin, Benjy (August 26, 2014). "Forget 2016: Democrats already have a plan for 2020". MSNBC. Archived from the original on October 28, 2015.
  11. ^ Westwood, Sarah (January 22, 2017). "Trump hints at re-election bid, vowing 'eight years' of 'great things'". Washington Examiner. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  12. ^ Taylor, Jessica (June 18, 2019). "Trump Set To Officially Launch Reelection Bid, But Hasn't He Been Running All Along?". NPR. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  13. ^ Bixby, Scott (February 18, 2017). "The Road to 2020: Donald Trump's Never-Ending Campaign". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  14. ^ Morehouse, Lee (January 30, 2017). "Trump breaks precedent, files as candidate for re-election on first day". KTVK. Archived from the original on January 30, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  15. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Burns, Alexander (August 5, 2017). "Republican Shadow Campaign for 2020 Takes Shape as Trump Doubts Grow". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved October 22, 2017.
  16. ^ "Sen. Susan Collins not sure Trump will be 2020 GOP nominee". CBS News. August 21, 2017. Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved October 22, 2017.
  17. ^ Goodkind, Nicole (October 30, 2017). "TRUMP MAY NOT SEEK RE-ELECTION: RAND PAUL, CHRIS CHRISTIE". Newsweek. Archived from the original on November 4, 2017. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
  18. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew (August 24, 2017). "Sen. Jeff Flake: Trump 'inviting' 2020 primary challenge by how he's governing". CNN. Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved October 22, 2017.
  19. ^ Chaitin, Daniel (May 19, 2018). "Roger Stone says Trump may not run in 2020, pledges to line up challenger to Pence-Haley ticket". Washington Examiner. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
  20. ^ Blake, Andrew (January 26, 2019). "RNC unanimously pledges 'undivided support' for Trump, stops short of explicit 2020 endorsement". Washington Times. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  21. ^ "Bill Weld officially announces he is challenging Trump for GOP nomination in 2020". CNN. April 15, 2019.
  22. ^ Durkee, Alison (April 15, 2019). "Bill Weld officially targets Trump with long-shot primary bid". Vanity Fair.
  23. ^ "Joe Walsh to take on Trump in 2020 Republican primary". CNN. August 25, 2019. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  24. ^ a b "Mark Sanford Will Challenge Trump in Republican Primary". New York Times. September 8, 2019.
  25. ^ "DONALD J. TRUMP FOR PRESIDENT, INC" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  26. ^ "Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. 2019.
  27. ^ "Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. 2019.
  28. ^ Steinhauser, Paul (August 21, 2019). "Trump critic Kasich to visit New Hampshire in fall, sparking more 2020 speculation of a primary challenge". Fox News. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  29. ^ Sullivan, Kate (August 27, 2019). "John Kasich says he doesn't see a path for him to defeat Trump 'right now'". CNN. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  30. ^ Easley, Jonathan (March 31, 2017). "For Democrats, no clear leader". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  31. ^ Vyse, Graham (April 28, 2017). "The 2020 Democratic primary is going to be the all-out brawl the party needs". The New Republic. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  32. ^ Edsall, Thomas B. (September 7, 2017). "The Struggle Between Clinton and Sanders Is Not Over". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 26, 2018. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  33. ^ Abramson, Jill; Aronoff, Kate; Camacho, Daniel José (February 27, 2017). "After the divisive Democratic National Committee chair election, what's next?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 24, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  34. ^ Schneider, Elena (May 19, 2018). "Democrats clash over party's direction in key Texas race". Politico. Archived from the original on May 19, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  35. ^ Schor, Elana (December 30, 2017). "Dem senators fight to out-liberal one another ahead of 2020". Politico. Archived from the original on February 3, 2018. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  36. ^ Miller, Ryan W. (June 29, 2018). "New York's Kirsten Gillibrand, Bill de Blasio echo progressive calls to 'abolish ICE'". USA Today. Archived from the original on July 2, 2018. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  37. ^ Janssen, Kim (October 26, 2017). "DNC chair Tom Perez: Expect a 'double-digit' field in 2020 presidential primary". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  38. ^ a b Louis Jacobson (May 2, 2019). "The big 2020 Democratic primary field: What you need to know". PolitiFact. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  39. ^ Scher, Bill (November 24, 2017). "Why 2020 Will Be the Year of the Woman". Politico. Archived from the original on June 23, 2018. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  40. ^ Huey-Burns, Caitlin (January 9, 2018). "Oprah Run in 2020 Entices Leaderless Democrats". RealClearPolitics. Archived from the original on January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  41. ^ Zengerle, Jason (December 27, 2016). "Who Will Do What Harry Reid Did Now That Harry Reid Is Gone?". New York. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  42. ^ Burns, Alexander; Flegenheimer, Matt; Lee, Jasmine C.; Lerer, Lisa; Martin, Jonathan (August 22, 2019). "Who's Running for President in 2020?". New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  43. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Michael F. Bennet" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. May 5, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  44. ^ Gregorian, Dareh. "Colorado Sen. Bennet enters presidential race after prostate cancer treatment". NBC News. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  45. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Joseph R Biden Jr" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. April 25, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  46. ^ Burns, Alexander (April 25, 2019). "Joe Biden Is Running for President, After Months of Hesitation". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 25, 2019. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  47. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Cory A Booker" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. February 1, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  48. ^ Korecki, Natasha (February 1, 2019). "Cory Booker launches bid for president". Politico. Archived from the original on February 1, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  49. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Steve Bullock" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. May 14, 2019.
  50. ^ Steve Bullock (May 14, 2019). "Bullock 2020" (video). Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  51. ^ Steve Bullock [@GovernorBullock] (May 14, 2019). "To give everyone a fair shot, we must do more than defeat Donald Trump. We have to defeat the corrupt system that keeps people like him in power, and we need a fighter who's done it before. That's why I'm running for President. Join our team: stevebullock.com" (Tweet). Retrieved May 14, 2019 – via Twitter.
  52. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Pete Buttigieg" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. April 13, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 14, 2019. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  53. ^ Karson, Kendall; Gomez, Justin (April 14, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg, little-known mayor turned presidential contender, makes historic bid". ABC News. Archived from the original on April 14, 2019. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  54. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Julian Castro" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. January 21, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  55. ^ J. Weber, Paul (January 12, 2019). "Former Obama housing chief Julian Castro joins 2020 campaign". Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 12, 2019. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  56. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Bill de Blasio" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. May 16, 2019.
  57. ^ Sally Goldenberg (May 16, 2019). "New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio enters crowded Democratic 2020 field". Politico. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  58. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by John K Delaney" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. August 10, 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 20, 2017. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  59. ^ Delaney, John (July 28, 2017). "John Delaney: Why I'm running for president". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2017.
  60. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Tulsi Gabbard" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. January 11, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  61. ^ Kelly, Caroline (January 12, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard says she will run for president in 2020". CNN. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  62. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Kamala D Harris" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. January 21, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 23, 2019. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  63. ^ Kelsey, Adam (January 21, 2019). "Sen. Kamala Harris announces she will run for president in 2020". ABC News. Archived from the original on January 21, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  64. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Amy J Klobuchar" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. February 11, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  65. ^ Golshan, Tara (February 10, 2019). "Sen. Amy Klobuchar has won every one of her elections by huge margins. Now she's running for president". Vox. Archived from the original on February 10, 2019. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
  66. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Wayne Martin Messam" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. March 15, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  67. ^ Merica, Dan (March 28, 2019). "Florida Mayor Wayne Messam announces 2020 presidential bid". CNN. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  68. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Robert Beto O'Rourke" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. March 14, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  69. ^ Bradner, Eric; Santiago, Leyla (March 14, 2019). "Beto O'Rourke announces he's running for president in 2020". CNN. Archived from the original on March 14, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  70. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Timothy J Ryan" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. April 11, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 13, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  71. ^ Vitali, Ali (April 4, 2019). "Ohio Rep. Tim Ryan throws his name into growing 2020 field". NBC News. Archived from the original on April 4, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  72. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Bernard Sanders" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. February 19, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  73. ^ News, V. P. R. "He's In For 2020: Bernie Sanders Is Running For President Again". Vermont Public Radio. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  74. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Joe Sestak" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. July 1, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 6, 2019. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  75. ^ Olson, Laura (June 23, 2019). "Former Pennsylvania Congressman Joe Sestak announces presidential bid". The Morning Call. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  76. ^ "FEC Form 2 for Report FEC-1337348". docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
  77. ^ Burns, Alexander. "Tom Steyer Will Run for President and Plans to Spend $100 Million on His Bid". The New York Times (July 9, 2019). Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  78. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Elizabeth Warren" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. February 9, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 18, 2019. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  79. ^ McCarthy, Tom (February 9, 2019). "Senator Elizabeth Warren officially launches 2020 presidential campaign". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  80. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Marianne Williamson" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. January 17, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  81. ^ Warrell, Margie (January 29, 2019). "Marianne Williamson: Can A Presidential Bid Fueled By Love Transcend The Politics Of Fear?". Forbes. Archived from the original on January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  82. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Andrew Yang" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. November 6, 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 2, 2018. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  83. ^ Roose, Kevin (January 10, 2018). "His 2020 Campaign Message: The Robots Are Coming". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 27, 2018. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  84. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Richard Neece Ojeda II" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. November 11, 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 27, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
  85. ^ Grim, Ryan (November 11, 2018). "Richard Ojeda, West Virginia Lawmaker Who Backed Teachers Strikes, Will Run for President". The Intercept. Archived from the original on December 19, 2018. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  86. ^ Grim, Ryan (January 25, 2019). "Richard Ojeda Drops Out of Presidential Race". The Intercept. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  87. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Eric Michael Swalwell" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. April 8, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  88. ^ Tolan, Casey (April 8, 2019). "Eric Swalwell jumps into presidential race with long-shot White House bid". The Mercury News. Archived from the original on April 8, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  89. ^ Hudak, Zak (July 8, 2019). "Democrat Eric Swalwell drops out of presidential race". CBS News.
  90. ^ a b Shen-Berro, Julian (August 7, 2019). "Ex-Alaska Sen. Mike Gravel Ends Unorthodox 2020 Campaign, Endorses Bernie Sanders And Tulsi Gabbard". HuffPost. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  91. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Maurice Robert Gravel" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. April 2, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  92. ^ Stuart, Tessa (April 8, 2019). "The Teens Have Officially Convinced Mike Gravel to Run for President". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 8, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  93. ^ Garcia, Justin (August 21, 2019). "John Hickenlooper is running for U.S. Senate: "I'm not done fighting for the people of Colorado"". The Denver Post. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  94. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by John W Hickenlooper" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. March 4, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  95. ^ Hickenlooper, John [@Hickenlooper] (August 15, 2019). "This morning, I'm announcing that I'm no longer running for President. While this campaign didn't have the outcome we were hoping for, every moment has been worthwhile & I'm thankful to everyone who supported this campaign and our entire team. bit.ly/2TzVKbS" (Tweet). Retrieved August 15, 2019 – via Twitter.
  96. ^ "Democrat Hickenlooper drops out of 2020 presidential race". UPI. August 15, 2019. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  97. ^ @JayInslee (August 22, 2019). "That's why, today, I'm announcing my intention to run for a third term as Washington's governor. Join me" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  98. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Jay R Inslee" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. March 1, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  99. ^ Dan Merica (March 1, 2019). "Washington Gov. Jay Inslee announces 2020 presidential bid". CNN. Archived from the original on March 3, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  100. ^ Dareh Gregorian (August 21, 2019). "Jay Inslee drops out of the 2020 presidential race". NBC News. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  101. ^ "Seth Moulton Drops Out Of The Race For President". August 23, 2019.
  102. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Seth Moulton" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. May 7, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 8, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  103. ^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (April 22, 2019). "Rep. Seth Moulton is latest Democrat to enter 2020 field". NBC News. Archived from the original on April 22, 2019. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  104. ^ "Seth Moulton ends presidential campaign". NBC News. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  105. ^ "Statement of Candidacy by Kirsten Gillibrand" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. March 17, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  106. ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica. "Kirsten Gillibrand officially jumps into 2020 race, teases speech at Trump hotel in New York". CNN. Archived from the original on March 17, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  107. ^ Burns, Alexander (August 28, 2019). "Kirsten Gillibrand Drops Out of Democratic Presidential Race". The New York Times. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  108. ^ Hurst, William (June 4, 2019). "Libertarian presidential debates Ohio Conference". Libertarian Times. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  109. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  110. ^ "WAL 2020 Presidential Candidate Series: Meet Max Abramson". July 1, 2019. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  111. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  112. ^ Behrman, Dan "Taxation Is Theft". "Dan "Taxation Is Theft" Behrman". behrman2020.com.
  113. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  114. ^ "Souraya Faas". www.facebook.com.
  115. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  116. ^ "Adam Kokesh, jailed gun rights activist, to run for president". RT. July 19, 2013. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
  117. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  118. ^ Doherty, Brian (June 26, 2019). "John McAfee, Libertarian Party Presidential Hopeful, Is Running His Campaign-in-Exile from Cuba". Reason. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  119. ^ McAfee, John (September 13, 2019). "Yes. I'm still running for President. Please! Be warned.pic.twitter.com/gYYIyqGGHk". @officialmcafee. Retrieved September 16, 2019.
  120. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  121. ^ "Kim Ruff & John Phillips - Libertarians for 2020". Ruff/Phillips 2020.
  122. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  123. ^ "Adam Kokesh vs Vermin Supreme 2020". Adam Kokesh. May 28, 2018. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  124. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  125. ^ "Libertarian presidential hopefuls: Now there are 2 … or 3?". Libertarian Party. July 3, 2018. Archived from the original on July 5, 2018. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  126. ^ Henderson, Luke (December 30, 2017). "Zoltan Istvan To Run For 2020 LP Presidential Nomination". The Libertarian Vindicator. Archived from the original on January 17, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  127. ^ Istvan, Zoltan (January 11, 2019). ""...I no longer [belong] to the party and wasn't planning on running in 2020 for the LP". Archived from the original on January 12, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  128. ^ "William Hurst Campaign". www.facebook.com.
  129. ^ "Christopher Marks for President 2020". www.facebook.com.
  130. ^ Kopp, Emily (April 2, 2019). "Rep. Justin Amash considers Libertarian challenge to Trump". Roll Call.
  131. ^ Brodey, Sam (August 22, 2019). "Lincoln Chafee: 'I'd Be Open' to a Libertarian White House Bid". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  132. ^ "Jacob Hornberger for President? - The Libertarian Institute".
  133. ^ "Jacob Hornberger Signals Intent to Seek Libertarian Presidential Nomination | Ballot Access News".
  134. ^ "Hawkins officially recognized as Green Party candidate". July 24, 2019.
  135. ^ "DARIO HUNTER AWARDED OFFICIAL RECOGNITION AS A GREEN PARTY PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE". August 26, 2019.
  136. ^ "Rules and Procedures of the Green Party of the United States".
  137. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  138. ^ Robert Harding. "Howie Hawkins, Syracuse resident, exploring run for Green Party presidential nod". Auburn Citizen.
  139. ^ "Howie Hawkins for President". Howie Hawkins for President. March 29, 2019.
  140. ^ "Howie Hawkins declares - Howie Hawkins 2020 Exploratory Committee" – via www.facebook.com.
  141. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  142. ^ "Youngstown Board of Education member announces he's running for president". Wkbn.com. February 19, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  143. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  144. ^ "Roland Aranjo's Biography". votesmart.org. 2019. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  145. ^ sedinam2020.com https://www.sedinam2020.com/about_sedinam. Retrieved March 24, 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  146. ^ "MYOWASIFZA-CURRY, SEDINAM KINAMO CHRISTIN Candidate for President ID: P00013094 GREEN PARTY".
  147. ^ "Sedinam Kinamo Christin Moyowasifza-Curry". Facebook.com. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  148. ^ "FEC FORM 2: STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  149. ^ "FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE". dlpotus2020.com. May 10, 2019. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  150. ^ "Dennis Lambert's Biography". votesmart.org. 2019. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  151. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  152. ^ https://www.facebook.com/GreenPrez/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  153. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  154. ^ "Green Party Candidate for President Ian Schlakman talks about Student Loan Debt". All Exits Closed. December 24, 2018. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
  155. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  156. ^ Swing, Gary (May 18, 2018). "FEC FORM 2" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  157. ^ Swing, Gary. "Letter To Federal Election Commission" (PDF). docquery.fec.gov. I have decided to withdraw my candidacy for the Green Party's presidential nomination for the year 2020.1 did not raise or spend any more for this campaign, nor did I open a bank account for it. The EEC number for this candidacy is P00007674.
  158. ^ "FEC FORM 2 : STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY" (PDF). Docquery.fec.gov. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  159. ^ "The race is on". gp.org. April 17, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  160. ^ "Thank You for your support!". Reboot America. June 10, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  161. ^ "Florida Reform Party Chair Joe Wendt Announces POTUS Bid". independentpoliticalreport.com.
  162. ^ Darcy G. Richardson (July 15, 2019). "FEC FORM 2" (PDF). Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  163. ^ Carroll, Brian (April 2, 2019). "April 5, 2019 Preview". YouTube. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  164. ^ Baker, Nick (May 11, 2019). "Socialist Action launches 2020 presidential campaign". Socialist Action. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  165. ^ Chason, Rachel (August 28, 2019). "Jerome Segal, of Maryland socialist Bread and Roses party, to run for president". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  166. ^ "'Yá'át'tééh ... I am running for president'". IndianCountryToday.com.
  167. ^ "The 213th Podcast".
  168. ^ https://www.fec.gov/data/committee/C00577742/?cycle=2018&tab=filings
  169. ^ Kroell, Ronnie. Facebook https://www.facebook.com/KofHeart/videos/2511799782174699/. Retrieved August 27, 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  170. ^ Veronica Stracqualursi (September 6, 2019). "Howard Schultz drops plans to run as independent candidate in 2020". CNN.com. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  171. ^ "Exclusive: Democrats, anticipating heated primary, set earlier 2020 convention date". CNN. Archived from the original on June 15, 2018. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  172. ^ Korecki, Natasha; Thompson, Alex. "DNC picks Milwaukee to host 2020 convention". Politico. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  173. ^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (May 9, 2018). "Eager Democrats 2020 prep: DNC eyes convention cities, debates, rule changes". NBC News. Archived from the original on May 9, 2018. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  174. ^ "2020 Republican National Convention dates announced". WCNC.com. October 1, 2018. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  175. ^ Lesniewski, Niels (October 1, 2018) "Republicans Set 2020 Convention Date for Late August" Archived January 26, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Roll Call. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  176. ^ Winger, Richard "Libertarian Party Sets Location and Date of 2020 Presidential Convention". Ballot Access News. December 11, 2017. Archived from the original on December 24, 2017. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  177. ^ Francis, Eric (December 21, 2017). "An alternative to the right/left political menu". California Catholic Daily. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  178. ^ "Selection of Site for 2020 Presidential Nominating ConventionANM". Green National Committee. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  179. ^ Galioto, Katie (April 3, 2019). "Commission names 6 cities vying to host 2020 presidential debates". Politico. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  180. ^ "2016 State PVI Changes – Decision Desk HQ". decisiondeskhq.com. December 15, 2017. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  181. ^ "2020 Electoral College Ratings" (PDF). Cook Political Report. July 27, 2019.
  182. ^ "Presidential Ratings". Inside Elections. July 27, 2019.
  183. ^ "2020 President". Sabato's Crystal Ball. July 27, 2019.

External links