2020 United States presidential election in Texas

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2020 United States presidential election in Texas

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2024 →
Turnout66.73%[1] Increase
  Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg Joe Biden presidential portrait (cropped).jpg
Nominee Donald Trump Joe Biden
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Florida Delaware
Running mate Mike Pence Kamala Harris
Electoral vote 38 0
Popular vote 5,890,347 5,259,126
Percentage 52.06% 46.48%

Texas Presidential Election Results 2020.svg
County results

President before election

Donald Trump
Republican

Elected President

Joe Biden
Democratic

The 2020 United States presidential election in Texas was held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States presidential election in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia participated.[2] Texan voters chose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote, pitting the Republican Party's nominee, incumbent President Donald Trump, and running mate Vice President Mike Pence against the Democratic Party's nominee, former Vice President Joe Biden, and his running mate California Senator Kamala Harris. The state of Texas has 38 electoral votes in the Electoral College.[3]

Although it was considered a vulnerable state for Trump by pollsters and experts and a potential upset victory for Biden due to its recent demographic trends, Trump held Texas with 52.1% of the vote, roughly the same percentage he carried it with in 2016. However, Biden improved on Hillary Clinton's 2016 vote share by 3.24%, giving him the largest percentage in the state by a Democratic presidential candidate since Jimmy Carter carried the state in 1976. Trump's 5.58-point margin of victory was the narrowest for a Republican since 1996. Texas was the third-narrowest of Trump's state victories, behind only Florida and North Carolina, and the ninth-closest state overall. The election was also the first time Texas placed in the top ten closest states since 1968, and the first time since 1976 that Texas voted to the left of Ohio.[citation needed] As in most other states in 2020, however, Trump significantly outperformed his polling.[4][5] Voter turnout in the state increased to its highest level since 1992, when two Texans, George H. W. Bush and Ross Perot, were on the ballot.[6]

Analysis[edit]

While Biden still won Latino voters in Texas with 58%[7] and Latinos of Mexican heritage with 63%,[8] Trump significantly improved his numbers among Hispanic voters in the state, particularly in the Rio Grande Valley.[9] Trump flipped Jim Wells County and La Salle County which had never voted Republican since 1972. He also flipped Frio County, Kleberg County, Reeves County, Val Verde County, and Kenedy County; the former 4 having last voted Republican in 2004 and the latter having last voted Republican in 2012. He also became the first Republican to win Zapata County since Warren G. Harding in 1920, flipping it by five points after having lost it by 33 points in 2016.[10] Trump's total of eight counties flipped in South Texas were the most flipped by any candidate in any state in 2020.

Conversely, Biden narrowly flipped Tarrant County, winning by fewer than 2,000 votes. Tarrant County is home to the fifth-largest city in Texas, Fort Worth, and had not been won by a Democrat since 1964, when favorite son Lyndon B. Johnson carried it. Biden also flipped Hays County and Williamson County, both of them suburban counties located outside of Austin that had not been won by a Democrat since 1992 and 1976, respectively. Therefore, this is the first election since 1956 when the latter voted for the statewide loser.[11] Also, Biden became the first Democrat to ever win the White House without Jefferson County.[12]

Because of Trump's strong gains in heavily Hispanic areas, Biden's best performance in Texas came not from the southern border region, but Travis County, encompassing the capital city and liberal bastion of Austin, winning the highest percentage for a Democrat here since Harry S. Truman in 1948. This is the first election since 1940, when Franklin D. Roosevelt carried western-based Sterling County with 96.4% of the vote, that a border region county did not provide the Democratic presidential candidate with his or her highest share of the vote in Texas.

One of Biden's major reasons for narrowing The Lone Star State's margin of victory was the surge of Democratic support in Collin County and Denton County, both of which have not supported a Democrat since 1964. Both of their county seats [the two suburban cities of McKinney and Denton, respectively] have trended leftward since 2016 due to the influx of younger professionals and families in the past decade, which shifted to the Democrats in this election.

Primary elections[edit]

Republican primary[edit]

The Republican primary was held on March 3, 2020. Donald Trump and Bill Weld were the only declared Republican candidates, as former South Carolina Governor and U.S. Representative Mark Sanford and U.S. Representative Joe Walsh had dropped out. Texas Governor Greg Abbott declined to run against Trump, as did 2016 Republican primary candidate and current senator Ted Cruz.[13][14] The primary was won overwhelmingly by Trump with over 94% of the vote.

2020 Texas Republican Party presidential primary[15]
Candidate Popular vote Delegates
Count Percentage
America Symbol.svg Donald Trump 1,898,664 94.13% 117
Uncommitted 71,803 3.56% 0
Bill Weld 15,739 0.78% 0
Joe Walsh 15,824 0.78% 0
Rocky De La Fuente 7,563 0.38% 0
Bob Ely 3,582 0.37% 0
Matthew Matern 3,525 0.18% 0
Zoltan Istvan 1,447 0.07% 0
Total: 2,017,167 100% 155

Democratic primary[edit]

The Democratic primary was held on March 3, 2020. Elizabeth Warren, Bernie Sanders, Michael Bloomberg and Joe Biden were among the major declared candidates.[16][17][18] The primary was won by Biden, with Sanders coming second.

2020 Texas Democratic presidential primary[19][20]
Candidate Votes % Delegates
Joe Biden 725,562 34.64 113
Bernie Sanders 626,339 29.91 99
Michael Bloomberg 300,608 14.35 11
Elizabeth Warren 239,237 11.42 5
Pete Buttigieg (withdrawn†) 82,671 3.95 0
Amy Klobuchar (withdrawn†) 43,291 2.07 0
Julian Castro (withdrawn) 16,688 0.80 0
Tom Steyer (withdrawn†) 13,929 0.67 0
Michael Bennet (withdrawn) 10,324 0.49 0
Tulsi Gabbard 8,688 0.41 0
Andrew Yang (withdrawn) 6,674 0.32 0
Roque De La Fuente III 5,469 0.26 0
Cory Booker (withdrawn) 4,941 0.24 0
Marianne Williamson (withdrawn) 3,918 0.19 0
John Delaney (withdrawn) 3,280 0.16 0
Robby Wells 1,505 0.07 0
Deval Patrick (withdrawn) 1,304 0.06 0
Total 2,094,428 100% 228
†Candidate withdrew after early voting started.

General election[edit]

Final predictions[edit]

Source Ranking
The Cook Political Report[21] Tossup
Inside Elections[22] Tossup
Sabato's Crystal Ball[23] Lean R
Politico[24] Lean R
RCP[25] Tossup
Niskanen[26] Tossup
CNN[27] Lean R
The Economist[28] Lean R
CBS News[29] Lean R
270towin[30] Lean R
ABC News[31] Tossup
NPR[32] Tossup
NBC News[33] Tossup
538[34] Lean R

Polling[edit]

Graphical summary[edit]

Aggregate polls[edit]

Source of poll
aggregation
Dates
administered
Dates
updated
Joe
Biden

Democratic
Donald
Trump

Republican
Other/
Undecided
[a]
Margin
270 to Win Oct 29, 2020 – November 2, 2020 November 3, 2020 47.5% 48.8% 3.7% Trump +1.3
Real Clear Politics October 20–31, 2020 November 3, 2020 46.5% 47.8% 5.7% Trump +1.3
FiveThirtyEight until November 2, 2020 November 3, 2020 47.4% 48.6% 4.0% Trump +1.1
Average 47.1% 48.4% 4.5% Trump +1.2

Polls[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump

Republican
Joe
Biden

Democratic
Jo
Jorgensen

Libertarian
Howie
Hawkins

Green
Other Undecided
SurveyMonkey/Axios Oct 20 – Nov 2, 2020 9,226 (LV) ± 1.5% 51%[c] 47%
Swayable Archived November 13, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Oct 27 – Nov 1, 2020 1,151 (LV) ± 3.9% 51% 47% 1% 0%
Data For Progress Oct 27 – Nov 1, 2020 926 (LV) ± 3.2% 48% 49% 1% 1% 0%[d]
AtlasIntel Oct 30–31, 2020 686 (LV) ± 4% 50% 47% 3%
Emerson College Oct 29–31, 2020 763 (LV) ± 3.5% 49%[e] 48% - - 2%[f]
Morning Consult Oct 22–31, 2020 3,267 (LV) ± 2% 48% 48%
Public Policy Polling Oct 28–29, 2020 775 (V) 48% 50% 2%
Gravis Marketing Oct 27–28, 2020 670 (LV) ± 3.8% 50% 45% 5%
RMG Research/PoliticalIQ Oct 27–28, 2020 800 (LV) ± 3.5% 50%[g] 46% 2%[f] 2%
48%[h] 48% 2%[f] 2%
52%[i] 44% 2%[f] 2%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Oct 1–28, 2020 15,145 (LV) 51% 47%
Swayable Oct 23–26, 2020 552 (LV) ± 5.7% 49% 48% 3% 1%
YouGov/UMass Amherst Oct 20–26, 2020 873 (LV) ± 4.2% 48% 47% 2% 1% 0%[j] 1%
Data for Progress (D) Oct 22–25, 2020 1,018 (LV) ± 3.1% 48% 49% 1% 0% 2%
Siena College/NYT Upshot Oct 20–25, 2020 802 (LV) ± 3.8% 47% 43% 3% 0% 2%[k] 5%[l]
Univision/University of Houston/Latino
Decisions/North Star Opinion Research
Oct 17–25, 2020 758 (RV) ± 3.56% 49% 46% 3%[m] 2%
Citizen Data Oct 17–20, 2020 1,000 (LV) ± 3% 45% 49% 1% 0% 1% 4%
YouGov/University of Houston Oct 13–20, 2020 1,000 (LV) ± 3.1% 50% 45% 2% 0% 3%
University of Texas at Tyler/Dallas Morning News Oct 13–20, 2020 925 (LV) ± 3.2% 47%[e] 49% 3% 1% 1%
Morning Consult Oct 11–20, 2020 3,347 (LV) ± 1.7% 47% 48%
Quinnipiac University Oct 16–19, 2020 1,145 (LV) ± 2.9% 47% 47% 1%[n] 5%
Data for Progress (D) Oct 15–18, 2020 933 (LV) ± 3.2% 46%[e] 47% 2% 1% 5%
Morning Consult[1] Oct 2–11, 2020 3,455 (LV) ± 1.7% 49% 47% 3%
Public Policy Polling/Texas Democrats[A] Oct 7–8, 2020 721 (LV) ± 3.6% 48% 48% 1%
YouGov/CCES Sep 29 – Oct 7, 2020 2,947 (LV) 49% 47%
Morning Consult Sep 28 – Oct 7, 2020 ~2,700 (LV) ± 2% 49% 46%
Pulse Opinion Research/Rasmussen Reports/Crosswind PR Oct 5–6, 2020 1,000 (LV) ± 3% 51% 44%
Civiqs/Daily Kos Oct 3–6, 2020 895 (LV) ± 3.4% 48% 48% 2%[f] 1%
Data For Progress (D) Sep 30 – Oct 5, 2020 1,949 (LV) ± 2.2% 45% 47% 2% 1% 5%
YouGov/University of Texas/Texas Tribune Sep 25 – Oct 4, 2020 908 (LV) ± 3.25% 50% 45% 2% 2% 1%[n]
EMC Research/Blue Texas PAC[B] Sep 27 – Oct 2, 2020 848 (LV) 49% 49%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Sep 1–30, 2020 13,395 (LV) 52% 46% 2%
Hart Research Associates/Human Rights Campaign[C] Sep 24–27, 2020 400 (LV) ± 4.9% 49% 47%
Morning Consult Sep 18–27, 2020 ~2,700 (LV) ± 2% 48% 47%
Public Policy Polling/Texas Democrats[2][D] Sep 25–26, 2020 612 (LV) ± 3.6% 48% 48% 4%
YouGov/UMass Lowell Sep 18–25, 2020 882 (LV) ± 4.3% 49%[o] 46% 2% 1% 1%[p] 1%
50%[q] 46% 2%[r] 2%
Data For Progress[E] Sep 18–22, 2020 726 (LV) ± 3.6% 47% 45% 9%
Siena College/NYT Upshot Sep 16–22, 2020 653 (LV) ± 4.3% 46% 43% 1% 1% 0%[s] 9%[l]
Quinnipiac University Sep 17–21, 2020 1,078 (LV) ± 3% 50% 45% No voters 4%
YouGov/CBS Sep 15–18, 2020 1,129 (LV) ± 3.5% 48% 46% 2%[t] 4%
Morning Consult Sep 8–17, 2020 ~2,700 (LV) ± 2% 47% 47%
Morning Consult Aug 29 – Sep 7, 2020 2,829 (LV) ± 2% 46%[u] 46%
Public Policy Polling/Giffords[F] Sep 1–2, 2020 743 (V) 48% 47% 5%
University of Texas at Tyler/Dallas Morning News Aug 28 – Sep 2, 2020 901 (LV) ± 3.26% 49%[e] 47% 1% 1% 1%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Aug 1–31, 2020 12,607 (LV) 52% 46% 2%
Morning Consult Aug 21–30, 2020 2,632 (LV) ± 2% 48%[u] 47%
Tyson Group/Consumer Energy Alliance[G] Aug 20–25, 2020 906 (LV) ± 3% 44% 48% 0% 0%[v] 5%
Data for Progress/Texas Youth Power Alliance Aug 20–25, 2020 2,295 (LV) ± 2.0% 45% 48% 8%
Public Policy Polling/Texas Democrats[3][H] Aug 21–22, 2020 764 (RV) ± 3.6% 47% 48% 5%
Morning Consult Aug 13–22, 2020 ~2,700 (LV) ± 2% 48% 47%
Morning Consult Aug 7–16, 2020 2,559 (LV) ± 2% 47%[w] 46%
Global Strategy Group/Chrysta for Texas[I] Aug 11–13, 2020 700 (LV) ± 3.7% 45% 47%
YouGov/Texas Hispanic Policy Foundation/Rice University’s Baker Institute Aug 4–13, 2020 846 (RV) 48% 41% 1% 1% 10.2%
– (LV)[J] 50% 44% 1% 0% 5%
Trafalgar Group (R) Aug 1–5, 2020 1,015 (LV) ± 3.0% 49% 43% 2% 2%[x] 3%
Morning Consult Aug 3–12, 2020 ~2,700 (LV) ± 2.0% 47% 46%
Morning Consult Jul 24 – Aug 2, 2020 2,576 (LV) ± 2.0% 46%[u] 47% 2%[f] 5%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Jul 1–31, 2020 13,721 (LV) 52% 46% 2%
Morning Consult Jul 17–26, 2020 2,685 (LV) ± 1.9% 45%[w] 47%
Morning Consult[4] Jul 16–25, 2020 ~2,700 (LV)[y] ± 2.0% 45% 47%
Spry Strategies/American Principles Project[K] Jul 16–20, 2020 750 (LV) ± 3.5% 49% 45% 6%
Quinnipiac University Jul 16–20, 2020 880 (RV) ± 3.3% 44% 45% 7%[z] 4%
Morning Consult Jul 6–15, 2020 – (LV)[y] 46% 46%
YouGov/CBS Jul 7–10, 2020 1,185 (LV) ± 3.6% 46% 45% 4%[aa] 6%
Gravis Marketing/OANN Jul 7, 2020 591 (LV) ± 4.3% 46% 44%
Dallas Morning News/University of Texas at Tyler Jun 29 – Jul 7, 2020 1,677 (LV) ± 2.4% 43% 48% 4% 5%
Morning Consult Jun 26 – Jul 5, 2020 – (LV)[y] 46% 45%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Jun 8–30, 2020 6,669 (LV) 51% 46% 2%
YouGov/University of Texas/Texas Politics Project Jun 19–29, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.89% 48% 44% 8%
Public Policy Polling[5] Jun 24–25, 2020 729 (RV) ± 3.6% 46% 48% 5%
Morning Consult Jun 16–25, 2020 – (LV)[y] 47% 44%
Fox News Jun 20–23, 2020 1,001 (RV) ± 3% 44% 45% 5%[ab] 5%
Public Policy Polling/Progress Texas[6][L] Jun 18–19, 2020 907 (V) ± 3% 48% 46% 6%
Morning Consult Jun 6–15, 2020 – (LV)[y] 48% 45%
Morning Consult May 27 – Jun 5, 2020 – (LV)[y] 48% 43%
Public Policy Polling/Texas Democrats[M] Jun 2–3, 2020 683 (V) 48% 48% 4%
Quinnipiac May 28 – Jun 1, 2020 1,166 (RV) ± 2.9% 44% 43% 6%[ac] 7%
Morning Consult May 17–26, 2020 2,551 (LV) 50%[u] 43%
Morning Consult May 16–25, 2020 – (LV)[y] 50% 42%
Morning Consult May 6–15, 2020 – (LV)[y] 49% 43%
Emerson College May 8–10, 2020 800 (RV) ± 3.4% 52%[ad] 48%
Public Policy Polling Apr 27–28, 2020 1,032 (V) 46% 47% 7%
Dallas Morning News/University of Texas at Tyler Apr 18–27, 2020 1,183 (RV) ± 2.85% 43% 43% 5% 9%
University of Texas/Texas Tribune Apr 10–19, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.8% 49% 44% 7%
AtlasIntel Feb 24 – Mar 2, 2020 1,100 (RV) ± 3.0% 47% 43% 11%
NBC News/Marist College Feb 23–27, 2020 2,409 (RV) ± 2.5% 49% 45% 1% 5%
CNN/SSRS Feb 22–26, 2020 1,003 (RV) ± 3.4% 47% 48% 3%[ae] 2%
Univision Feb 21–26, 2020 1,004 (RV) ± 3.1% 43% 46% 11%
Dallas Morning News/University of Texas at Tyler Feb 17–26, 2020 1,221 (RV) ± 2.8% 45% 44% 11%
YouGov/University of Texas/Texas Tribune Jan 31 – Feb 9, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 47% 44% 10%
University of Texas at Tyler/Dallas News Archived February 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Jan 21–30, 2020 910 (LV) ± 3.24% 46% 44% 10%[af]
Data For Progress[N] Jan 16–21, 2020 1,486 (LV) 54% 40% 3%[ag] 3%
Texas Lyceum Jan 10–19, 2020 520 (LV) ± 4.3% 51% 46% 3%
CNN/SSRS Dec 4–9, 2019 1,003 (RV) 48% 47% 2%[ah] 3%
Beacon Research (R) Nov 9–21, 2019 1,601 (RV) ± 3.0% 45% 44%
University of Texas at Tyler Nov 5–14, 2019 1,093 (RV) ± 3.0% 45% 39% 16%
University of Texas/ Texas Tribune Oct 18–27, 2019 1,200 (RV) ± 2.8% 46% 39% 9%[ai] 6%
University of Texas at Tyler Sep 13–15, 2019 1,199 (RV) ± 2.8% 38% 40% 13% 9%
Univision Aug 31 – Sep 6, 2019 1,004 (RV) 43% 47% 10%
Climate Nexus Aug 20–25, 2019 1,660 (RV) ± 2.4% 43% 43% 9%
University of Texas at Tyler Aug 1–4, 2019 1,261 (RV) ± 2.8% 37% 41% 14% 8%
Emerson Aug 1–3, 2019 1,033 (RV) ± 3.0% 49% 51%
University of Texas at Tyler Jul 24–27, 2019 1,414 (RV) ± 2.6% 37% 37% 12% 14%
Quinnipiac University May 29 – Jun 4, 2019 1,159 (RV) ± 3.4% 44% 48% 1% 4%
WPA Intelligence Apr 27–30, 2019 200 (LV) ± 6.9% 49% 42% 7%
Emerson College Apr 25–28, 2019 799 (RV) ± 3.4% 50%[ad] 51%
Quinnipiac University Feb 20–25, 2019 1,222 (RV) ± 3.4% 47% 46% 1% 5%
Public Policy Polling (D)[O] Feb 13–14, 2019 743 (RV) ± 3.6% 49% 46% 5%
Former candidates

Donald Trump vs. Bernie Sanders

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Bernie
Sanders (D)
Other Undecided
AtlasIntel Feb 24 – Mar 2, 2020 1,100 (RV) ± 3.0% 49% 43% 9%
NBC News/Marist College Feb 23–27, 2020 2,409 (RV) ± 2.5% 49% 45% 1% 5%
CNN/SSRS Feb 22–26, 2020 1,003 (RV) ± 3.4% 48% 46% 3%[aj] 3%
Univision Feb 21–26, 2020 1,004 (RV) ± 3.1% 45% 45% 10%
Dallas Morning News/University of Texas at Tyler Feb 17–26, 2020 1,221 (RV) ± 2.8% 45% 44% 11%
YouGov/University of Texas/Texas Tribune Jan 31 – Feb 9, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 47% 45% 7%
University of Texas at Tyler/Dallas News Archived February 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Jan 21–30, 2020 910 (LV) ± 3.24% 47% 42% 12%[ak]
Data for Progress[N] Jan 16–21, 2020 1,486 (LV) 55% 40% 3%[ag] 2%
Texas Lyceum Jan 10–19, 2020 520 (LV) ± 4.3% 50% 47% 3%
CNN/SSRS Dec 4–9, 2019 1,003 (RV) 50% 43% 4%[al] 3%
University of Texas at Tyler Nov 5–14, 2019 1,093 (RV) ± 3.0% 44% 40% 16%
University of Texas/ Texas Tribune Oct 18–27, 2019 1,200 (RV) ± 2.8% 45% 40% 9%[ai] 5%
University of Texas at Tyler Sep 13–15, 2019 1,199 (RV) ± 2.8% 40% 38% 14% 8%
Univision Aug 31 – Sep 6, 2019 1,004 (RV) 42% 48% 10%
Climate Nexus Aug 20–25, 2019 1,660 (RV) ± 2.4% 45% 41% 7%
University of Texas at Tyler Aug 1–4, 2019 1,261 (RV) ± 2.8% 38% 42% 13% 7%
Emerson Aug 1–3, 2019 1,033 (RV) ± 3.0% 49% 51%
University of Texas at Tyler Jul 24–27, 2019 1,414 (RV) ± 2.6% 37% 39% 11% 12%
Quinnipiac University May 29 – Jun 4, 2019 1,159 (RV) ± 3.4% 47% 44% 1% 4%
Emerson College Apr 25–28, 2019 799 (RV) ± 3.4% 51%[ad] 49%
Quinnipiac University Feb 20–25, 2019 1,222 (RV) ± 3.4% 47% 45% 2% 4%

Donald Trump vs. Elizabeth Warren

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Elizabeth
Warren (D)
Other Undecided
AtlasIntel Feb 24 – Mar 2, 2020 1,100 (RV) ± 3.0% 49% 40% 12%
CNN/SSRS Feb 22–26, 2020 1,003 (RV) ± 3.4% 47% 47% 2%[ah] 4%
Univision Feb 21–26, 2020 1,004 (RV) ± 3.1% 48% 41% 11%
Dallas Morning News/University of Texas at Tyler Feb 17–26, 2020 1,221 (RV) ± 2.8% 47% 37% 16% -
YouGov/University of Texas/Texas Tribune Jan 31 – Feb 9, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 47% 44% 9%
University of Texas at Tyler/Dallas News Archived February 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Jan 21–30, 2020 907 (LV) ± 3.24% 48% 41% 12%[ak]
Data for Progress[N] Jan 16–21, 2020 1,486 (LV) 56% 38% 3%[ag] 3%
Texas Lyceum Jan 10–19, 2020 520 (LV) ± 4.3% 50% 43% 7%
CNN/SSRS Dec 4–9, 2019 1,003 (RV) 51% 44% 3%[ae] 2%
Beacon Research (R) Nov 9–21, 2019 1,601 (RV) ± 3.0% 46% 41%
University of Texas at Tyler Nov 5–14, 2019 1,093 (RV) ± 3.0% 46% 35% 20%
University of Texas/ Texas Tribune Oct 18–27, 2019 1,200 (RV) ± 2.8% 46% 39% 10%[am] 6%
University of Texas at Tyler Sep 13–15, 2019 1,199 (RV) ± 2.8% 40% 37% 15% 9%
Univision Aug 31 – Sep 6, 2019 1,004 (RV) 42% 44% 14%
Emerson Aug 1–3, 2019 1,033 (RV) ± 3.0% 52% 48%
Quinnipiac University May 29 – Jun 4, 2019 1,159 (RV) ± 3.4% 46% 45% 1% 5%
Emerson College Apr 25–28, 2019 799 (RV) ± 3.4% 53% 47%
Quinnipiac University Feb 20–25, 2019 1,222 (RV) ± 3.4% 48% 41% 2% 6%

Donald Trump vs. Michael Bloomberg

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Michael
Bloomberg (D)
Other Undecided
AtlasIntel Feb 24 – Mar 2, 2020 1,100 (RV) ± 3.0% 48% 36% 17%
CNN/SSRS Feb 22–26, 2020 1,003 (RV) ± 3.4% 47% 46% 3%[aj] 4%
Univision Feb 21–26, 2020 1,004 (RV) ± 3.1% 43% 44% 13%
Dallas Morning News/University of Texas at Tyler Feb 17–26, 2020 1,221 (RV) ± 2.8% 45% 44% 10% -
YouGov/University of Texas/Texas Tribune Jan 31 – Feb 9, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 46% 41% 13%
University of Texas at Tyler/Dallas News Archived February 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Jan 21–30, 2020 906 (LV) ± 3.24% 47% 44% 9%[an]

Donald Trump vs. Amy Klobuchar

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Amy
Klobuchar (D)
Other Undecided
CNN/SSRS Feb 22–26, 2020 1,003 (RV) ± 3.4% 48% 45% 2%[ah] 5%
Univision Feb 21–26, 2020 1,004 (RV) ± 3.1% 46% 39% 15%
Dallas Morning News/University of Texas at Tyler Feb 17–26, 2020 1,221 (RV) ± 2.8% 45% 38% 17% -
YouGov/University of Texas/Texas Tribune Jan 31 – Feb 9, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 46% 41% 13%
University of Texas at Tyler/Dallas News Archived February 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Jan 21–30, 2020 909 (LV) ± 3.24% 46% 38% 16%[ao]

Donald Trump vs. Pete Buttigieg

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Pete
Buttigieg (D)
Other Undecided
CNN/SSRS Feb 22–26, 2020 1,003 (RV) ± 3.4% 47% 46% 2%[ah] 4%
Univision Feb 21–26, 2020 1,004 (RV) ± 3.1% 46% 40% 15%
Dallas Morning News/University of Texas at Tyler Feb 17–26, 2020 1,221 (RV) ± 2.8% 45% 41% 15% -
YouGov/University of Texas/Texas Tribune Jan 31 – Feb 9, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 47% 42% 11%
University of Texas at Tyler/Dallas News Archived February 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Jan 21–30, 2020 905 (LV) ± 3.24% 47% 37% 15%[ap]
Data for Progress[N] Jan 16–21, 2020 1,486 (LV) 56% 36% 4%[aq] 4%
Texas Lyceum Jan 10–19, 2020 520 (LV) ± 4.3% 51% 43% 6%
CNN/SSRS Dec 4–9, 2019 1,003 (RV) 50% 43% 2%[ah] 6%
University of Texas at Tyler Nov 5–14, 2019 1,093 (RV) ± 3.0% 45% 33% - 22%
University of Texas at Tyler Sep 13–15, 2019 1,199 (RV) ± 2.8% 39% 30% 21% 10%
Emerson Aug 1–3, 2019 1,033 (RV) ± 3.0% 52% 48%
Quinnipiac University May 29 – Jun 4, 2019 1,159 (RV) ± 3.4% 46% 44% 1% 6%
Emerson College Apr 25–28, 2019 799 (RV) ± 3.4% 54% 46%

Donald Trump vs. Tom Steyer

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Tom
Steyer (D)
Other Undecided
University of Texas at Tyler/Dallas News Archived February 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Jan 21–30, 2020 909 (LV) ± 3.24% 47% 36% 17%[ar]

Donald Trump vs. Andrew Yang

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Andrew
Yang (D)
Other Undecided
YouGov/University of Texas/Texas Tribune Jan 31 – Feb 9, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 45% 43% 12%

Donald Trump vs. Cory Booker

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Cory
Booker (D)
Other Undecided
Univision Aug 31 – Sep 6, 2019 1,004 (RV) 41% 43% 16%

with Donald Trump and Julian Castro

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Julian
Castro (D)
Other Undecided
University of Texas at Tyler Nov 5–14, 2019 1,093 (RV) ± 3.0% 45% 34% 21%
University of Texas/Texas Tribune Oct 18–27, 2019 1,200 (RV) ± 2.8% 46% 33% 14%[as] 7%
Univision Aug 31 – Sep 6, 2019 1,004 (RV) 41% 44% 16%
Emerson Aug 1–3, 2019 1,033 (RV) ± 3.0% 53% 47%
Quinnipiac University May 29 – Jun 4, 2019 1,159 (RV) ± 3.4% 46% 43% 1% 6%
Quinnipiac University Feb 20–25, 2019 1,222 (RV) ± 3.4% 46% 41% 2% 8%

with Donald Trump and Kamala Harris

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Kamala
Harris (D)
Other Undecided
University of Texas at Tyler Nov 5–14, 2019 1,093 (RV) ± 3.0% 46% 33% - 21%
University of Texas at Tyler Sep 13–15, 2019 1,199 (RV) ± 2.8% 39% 32% 19% 10%
Univision Aug 31 – Sep 6, 2019 1,004 (RV) 44% 45% 11%
Emerson Aug 1–3, 2019 1,033 (RV) ± 3.0% 54% 46%
Quinnipiac University May 29 – Jun 4, 2019 1,159 (RV) ± 3.4% 47% 43% 1% 6%
Emerson College Apr 25–28, 2019 799 (RV) ± 3.4% 54% 46%
Quinnipiac University Feb 20–25, 2019 1,222 (RV) ± 3.4% 48% 41% 2% 5%
Public Policy Polling (D)[O] Feb 13–14, 2019 743 (RV) ± 3.6% 49% 40% 11%

with Donald Trump and Beto O'Rourke

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Beto
O'Rourke (D)
Other Undecided
University of Texas/ Texas Tribune Oct 18–27, 2019 1,200 (RV) ± 2.8% 47% 41% 7%[at] 5%
University of Texas at Tyler Sep 13–15, 2019 1,199 (RV) ± 2.8% 40% 42% 11% 8%
Emerson Aug 1–3, 2019 1,033 (RV) ± 3.0% 52% 48%
Quinnipiac University May 29 – Jun 4, 2019 1,159 (RV) ± 3.4% 48% 45% 1% 3%
Emerson College Apr 25–28, 2019 799 (RV) ± 3.4% 50% 50%
Quinnipiac University Feb 20–25, 2019 1,222 (RV) ± 3.4% 47% 46% 1% 4%
Atlantic Media & Research (R)[P] Jan 5–11, 2019 504 (LV) ± 4.4% 52% 39%
Hypothetical polling

with Donald Trump and Mark Cuban

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Mark
Cuban (D)
Undecided
Public Policy Polling Dec 2017 – (V)[y] 44% 47%

with Donald Trump and a Generic Democrat

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Generic
Democrat (D)
Undecided
Univision Aug 31 – Sep 6, 2019 1,004 (RV) 42% 47% 11%

with Donald Trump and a generic Opponent

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Generic
Opponent
Undecided
University of Texas/Texas Tribune[7] Apr 10–19, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.8% 49% 50%[au] 7%
University of Texas/Texas Tribune Jan 31 – Feb 9, 2020 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 48% 52%[au]
University of Texas/Texas Tribune Oct 18–27, 2019 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 48% 52%[au]
Quinnipiac Sep 4–9, 2019 1,410 (RV) ± 3.1% 35% 48%[av] 17%[aw]
University of Texas/Texas Tribune May 31–Jun 9, 2019 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 50% 50%[au]
University of Texas/Texas Tribune Feb 15–24, 2019 1,200 (RV) ± 2.83% 49% 51%[au]

Voting access[edit]

Matters of election administration and ease of voting during an ongoing pandemic were heavily litigated in Texas in 2020. Harris County, the most populous one in Texas, spearheaded a number of innovative approaches and was the focal point of several legal challenges.

For the 2020 elections, Harris County Commissioners approved a budget of $33 million, higher than the $4 million budget for the 2016 United States presidential election. Chris Hollins, the interim Harris County Clerk and Texas Democratic Party finance vice chairperson, created a 23-point voting access expansion program, which included promotion of voting by mail, expansion of early voting accessibility, and drive-through voting, an innovation to facilitate voting while at the same time mitigating infection risks during the COVID-19 pandemic.[35] On October 29 several voting locations in Harris County were available for 24 hours to accommodate voters whose work shifts or other responsibilities overlapped with regular voting hours.[36]

Local Republican activists and officials challenged the voter-friendly measures in multiple legal actions, with mixed success. Several lawsuits complained about early voting and about Harris County providing multiple drop-off locations for absentee ballots. Responding to pressure from within his own party, Governor Abbott then restricted the number of drop-offs to a single one per county regardless of population and size, forcing Harris County to close eleven sites at county clerk branch offices called annexes.[37]

When a legal action challenging drive-through voting was dismissed,[35] the Republican Party in Texas sought relief in the Texas Supreme Court (SCOTX), which denied the petition because the case had not been brought promptly.[38] The first lawsuit was filed on October 15 even though Harris County had obtained prior clearance from the Office of the Texas Secretary of State (which is led a Republican appointed by Republican Governor Abbott) and had tested drive-in voting in the primary runoff elections in July without complaint.[39][40] SCOTX denied the petition and drive-thru voting continued.[41] On October 29 another action was filed seeking to invalidate drive-thru ballots based on the contention that this was a form of curbside voting that the Texas Election Code authorized only for voters with disabilities.[42] In an order issued on Sunday, November 1, the Texas Supreme Court denied the petition challenging the legality of drive-through voting, but did not resolve the legal argument one way or the other.[43][44] The next day, U.S. District Judge Andrew Hanen heard an almost identical case by the same group of plaintiff, which included Republican candidates, on an emergency basis. Slate described the judge as "one of the most notoriously partisan conservatives in the federal judiciary."[40] Hanen ruled against the plaintiffs, dismissing their action for lack of standing, with the result that drive-in voting remained in effect. The Plaintiffs, which included Steve Toth,[45] immediately sought emergency relief in the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, but were unsuccessful.[46] Hollins nevertheless cancelled drive-thru voting in tent structures on the eve of Election Day.[47] He reversed himself out of concern that ballots cast there might be declared invalid, should the Fifth Circuit disagree with Judge Hanen on the standing issue and agree with Judge Hanen that tents were not permissible polling places on Election Day.[48]

Some counties also set up an online system that allowed voters to check for wait times at early voting centers and make their voting plans accordingly.[49]

On October 5, Texas Governor Greg Abbott issued a proclamation under the Texas Disaster Act limiting each county to a single drop-off location for mail ballots.[50] Federal judge Robert Pitman blocked Abbott's order on October 9.[51] The next day, Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton appealed to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals for an emergency stay of Pitman's ruling, which a three-judge motion panel temporarily granted on an interim basis, pending consideration of the appeal on the merits.[52] A Texas state judge also blocked Abbott's order on October 15, and a state appeals court upheld that decision on October 23. Attorney General Ken Paxton then sought emergency relief from the Texas Supreme Court, which backed the Governor and lifting the temporary injunction in an October 27 decision with no dissent.[53][54][55]

Turnout[edit]

Voter registration in Texas ended on October 5, and the Secretary of State reported a registration total of 16,955,519 voters, an increase of 1,854,432 since the 2016 elections, and 1.2 million of which had occurred after the 2018 midterm elections.

Early voting began on October 13. Over one million ballots were received on that day,[56] and by October 15 fewer than two million ballots were counted.[57] The following day the count was 2.6 million, which meant 15.51% of the state's registered voters had already voted.[58]

For the whole early voting period, votes in the age 18-29 range were higher than the total of that age group of 2016, with 1.3 million votes.[59]

On October 13, Dallas County recorded 59,905 ballots and Tarrant County recorded 42,428 ballots, with the former setting a record for that county and the latter below the 2016 count on the first day of early voting.[60]

On October 13, Harris County had an unofficial tally of 128,186 ballots received, the highest ever first day early voting count and over 5% of the county's registered voters.[61] By the second day the count was 287,931, 11% of the county's registered voters.[62] On the third day over 100,000 ballots were counted, and in those three days 387,000 ballots were counted, with 44,000 of them issued through the mail.[63] On the fourth day a similar number of ballots were cast, which meant the number of ballots cast total was about 500,000.[64] On October 23 there were 1 million ballots cast from Harris County.[65]

On October 13, Travis County received 35,873 ballots,[66] while it received 38,119 the following day,[67] and by 3 P.M. on Thursday over 26,000.[68] When voting closed on Thursday the percentage of Travis County voters who had already voted was 16.44%. On Friday 41,328 additional votes were counted.[58] Williamson County by the third day had a 64,891 votes out of 376,931 people registered to vote, which meant its turnout was already 17.25%.[69]

On October 13, Bexar County recorded 78,000 votes, with over 45,000 by mail and the remainder in person.[56]

On October 13, El Paso County recorded fewer than 34,000 votes.[56]

By October 19, Texas voters cast 50% of the votes cast in the 2016 presidential election in Texas. By October 22, 65.5% of 2016 votes were cast (or 34.65% of registered voters). By October 25, over 80% of 2016 votes were cast (or 43% of registered voters),[70] and by October 29, 50% of registered voters had cast ballots by early in-person and absentee ballot. By October 30, statewide voter turnout, as well as turnout in Harris County, had already surpassed the total of 2016.[71]

General results[edit]

2020 United States presidential election in Texas[72]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Donald Trump
Mike Pence
5,890,347 52.06% -0.17%
Democratic Joe Biden
Kamala Harris
5,259,126 46.48% +3.24%
Libertarian Jo Jorgensen
Spike Cohen
126,243 1.12% -2.04%
Green Howie Hawkins
Angela Walker
33,396 0.30% -0.50%
Write-in 5,944 0.04% -0.53%
Total votes 11,315,056 100.00%

Results by county[edit]

County Donald Trump
Republican
Joe Biden
Democratic
Jo Jorgensen
Libertarian
Howie Hawkins
Green
Other votes Total
votes
% # % # % # % # % #
Anderson 78.59% 15,110 20.57% 3,955 0.70% 134 0.11% 22 0.04% 6 19,227
Andrews 84.31% 4,943 14.50% 850 1.02% 60 0.17% 10 0.00% 0 5,863
Angelina 72.40% 25,076 26.40% 9,143 0.79% 274 0.22% 75 0.20% 67 34,635
Aransas 75.17% 9,239 23.73% 2,916 0.84% 103 0.25% 31 0.01% 1 12,290
Archer 89.66% 4,300 9.30% 446 0.94% 45 0.08% 4 0.02% 1 4,796
Armstrong 93.08% 1,035 6.74% 75 0.18% 2 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 1,112
Atascosa 66.37% 12,039 32.40% 5,876 0.79% 143 0.32% 58 0.12% 22 18,138
Austin 78.48% 11,447 20.23% 2,951 0.84% 123 0.23% 33 0.22% 32 14,586
Bailey 77.10% 1,434 21.99% 409 0.75% 14 0.11% 2 0.05% 1 1,860
Bandera 79.03% 10,057 19.68% 2,505 0.94% 120 0.24% 30 0.11% 14 12,726
Bastrop 55.81% 20,516 42.09% 15,474 1.44% 531 0.35% 128 0.30% 113 36,762
Baylor 87.78% 1,494 10.75% 183 1.29% 22 0.06% 1 0.12% 2 1,702
Bee 63.72% 6,006 34.88% 3,288 0.99% 93 0.29% 27 0.13% 12 9,426
Bell 53.17% 67,893 44.65% 57,014 1.55% 1,980 0.34% 440 0.28% 363 127,690
Bexar 40.05% 308,618 58.20% 448,452 1.15% 8,837 0.36% 2,798 0.24% 1,866 770,571
Blanco 72.97% 5,443 25.62% 1,911 0.97% 72 0.20% 15 0.24% 18 7,459
Borden 95.43% 397 3.85% 16 0.48% 2 0.24% 1 0.00% 0 416
Bosque 81.84% 7,469 17.10% 1,561 0.91% 83 0.14% 13 0.00% 0 9,126
Bowie 70.87% 27,116 28.09% 10,747 0.78% 300 0.24% 91 0.02% 7 38,261
Brazoria 58.35% 90,433 40.15% 62,228 1.20% 1,860 0.27% 417 0.03% 46 154,984
Brazos 55.71% 47,530 41.43% 35,349 2.12% 1,812 0.30% 252 0.43% 370 85,313
Brewster 51.04% 2,461 46.83% 2,258 1.85% 89 0.29% 14 0.00% 0 4,822
Briscoe 88.14% 639 10.76% 78 0.97% 7 0.14% 1 0.00% 0 725
Brooks 40.18% 998 59.18% 1,470 0.40% 10 0.24% 6 0.00% 0 2,484
Brown 85.78% 13,698 13.19% 2,107 0.84% 134 0.15% 24 0.05% 6 15,969
Burleson 78.33% 6,743 20.77% 1,788 0.73% 63 0.17% 15 0.00% 0 8,609
Burnet 75.93% 18,767 22.81% 5,639 1.08% 268 0.14% 34 0.04% 9 24,717
Caldwell 53.64% 8,031 44.56% 6,672 1.27% 190 0.31% 47 0.22% 33 14,973
Calhoun 71.80% 5,641 27.34% 2,148 0.78% 61 0.08% 6 0.00% 0 7,856
Callahan 87.92% 6,012 10.73% 734 1.04% 71 0.22% 15 0.09% 6 6,838
Cameron 42.89% 49,032 56.04% 64,063 0.64% 728 0.29% 336 0.15% 167 114,326
Camp 71.66% 3,626 27.55% 1,394 0.61% 31 0.14% 7 0.04% 2 5,060
Carson 89.01% 2,779 9.51% 297 1.19% 37 0.10% 3 0.19% 6 3,122
Cass 79.22% 11,033 20.07% 2,795 0.57% 79 0.12% 17 0.02% 3 13,927
Castro 76.91% 1,602 22.37% 466 0.43% 9 0.29% 6 0.00% 0 2,083
Chambers 80.15% 17,353 18.46% 3,997 1.15% 250 0.23% 50 0.00% 2 21,652
Cherokee 77.41% 15,101 21.58% 4,210 0.83% 161 0.18% 36 0.00% 0 19,508
Childress 85.26% 1,943 13.60% 310 0.79% 18 0.35% 8 0.00% 0 2,279
Clay 88.25% 5,069 10.69% 614 0.80% 46 0.21% 12 0.05% 3 5,744
Cochran 80.90% 809 17.70% 177 1.10% 11 0.30% 3 0.00% 0 1,000
Coke 89.15% 1,586 10.01% 178 0.56% 10 0.28% 5 0.00% 0 1,779
Coleman 88.18% 3,641 10.92% 451 0.56% 23 0.22% 9 0.12% 5 4,129
Collin 51.26% 252,318 46.92% 230,945 1.23% 6,075 0.25% 1,246 0.33% 1,632 492,216
Collingsworth 86.04% 1,048 12.73% 155 0.99% 12 0.08% 1 0.16% 2 1,218
Colorado 74.91% 7,472 24.26% 2,420 0.50% 50 0.19% 19 0.14% 14 9,975
Comal 70.58% 62,740 27.93% 24,826 1.24% 1,106 0.21% 191 0.03% 29 88,892
Comanche 85.06% 5,177 14.02% 853 0.81% 49 0.08% 5 0.03% 2 6,086
Concho 83.44% 1,058 15.54% 197 0.79% 10 0.24% 3 0.00% 0 1,268
Cooke 81.98% 15,596 16.87% 3,210 0.82% 156 0.14% 26 0.20% 37 19,025
Coryell 65.71% 15,438 32.20% 7,565 1.75% 410 0.33% 77 0.01% 3 23,493
Cottle 81.57% 540 17.07% 113 0.91% 6 0.45% 3 0.00% 0 662
Crane 82.97% 1,247 16.03% 241 0.67% 10 0.27% 4 0.07% 1 1,503
Crockett 77.51% 1,220 21.86% 344 0.57% 9 0.06% 1 0.00% 0 1,574
Crosby 71.48% 1,396 26.98% 527 1.13% 22 0.41% 8 0.00% 0 1,953
Culberson 48.03% 415 50.69% 438 1.04% 9 0.23% 2 0.00% 0 864
Dallam 86.33% 1,389 12.24% 197 1.12% 18 0.31% 5 0.00% 0 1,609
Dallas 33.29% 307,076 64.89% 598,576 1.04% 9,635 0.40% 3,667 0.39% 3,559 922,513
Dawson 77.88% 2,951 21.32% 808 0.66% 25 0.13% 5 0.00% 0 3,789
Deaf Smith 71.45% 3,294 27.42% 1,264 0.76% 35 0.37% 17 0.00% 0 4,610
Delta 83.41% 2,162 15.55% 403 0.93% 24 0.12% 3 0.00% 0 2,592
Denton 53.23% 222,480 45.15% 188,695 1.30% 5,421 0.26% 1,092 0.07% 276 417,964
DeWitt 80.89% 6,567 18.40% 1,494 0.57% 46 0.14% 11 0.00% 0 8,118
Dickens 86.34% 853 13.16% 130 0.30% 3 0.20% 2 0.00% 0 988
Dimmit 37.75% 1,384 61.76% 2,264 0.27% 10 0.22% 8 0.00% 0 3,666
Donley 87.26% 1,438 12.01% 198 0.67% 11 0.06% 1 0.00% 0 1,648
Duval 48.35% 2,443 50.96% 2,575 0.44% 22 0.26% 13 0.00% 0 5,053
Eastland 87.27% 7,237 11.85% 983 0.72% 60 0.14% 12 0.01% 1 8,293
Ector 73.33% 32,697 25.49% 11,367 0.96% 428 0.20% 89 0.02% 10 44,591
Edwards 83.77% 893 15.76% 168 0.47% 5 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 1,066
El Paso 31.56% 84,331 66.66% 178,126 1.03% 2,746 0.54% 1,445 0.21% 567 267,215
Ellis 66.19% 56,717 32.17% 27,565 1.11% 954 0.26% 220 0.27% 232 85,688
Erath 81.08% 13,684 17.28% 2,916 1.29% 218 0.21% 35 0.14% 24 16,877
Falls 68.11% 4,177 30.96% 1,899 0.72% 44 0.21% 13 0.00% 0 6,133
Fannin 81.10% 12,171 17.69% 2,655 1.03% 155 0.15% 23 0.02% 3 15,007
Fayette 78.60% 10,171 20.56% 2,661 0.64% 83 0.20% 26 0.00% 0 12,941
Fisher 79.30% 1,448 19.28% 352 1.15% 21 0.27% 5 0.00% 0 1,826
Floyd 77.69% 1,584 21.48% 438 0.74% 15 0.10% 2 0.00% 0 2,039
Foard 80.76% 445 17.97% 99 1.09% 6 0.18% 1 0.00% 0 551
Fort Bend 44.01% 157,718 54.57% 195,552 0.85% 3,028 0.30% 1,091 0.26% 944 358,333
Franklin 83.07% 4,161 16.05% 804 0.72% 36 0.16% 8 0.00% 0 5,009
Freestone 80.25% 6,991 18.77% 1,635 0.77% 67 0.21% 18 0.00% 0 8,711
Frio 53.48% 2,823 45.88% 2,422 0.44% 23 0.21% 11 0.00% 0 5,279
Gaines 89.31% 5,355 9.61% 576 0.90% 54 0.17% 10 0.02% 1 5,996
Galveston 60.56% 93,911 37.95% 58,842 1.23% 1,913 0.25% 393 0.00% 1 155,060
Garza 85.48% 1,413 13.97% 231 0.30% 5 0.24% 4 0.00% 0 1,653
Gillespie 78.95% 12,514 20.04% 3,176 0.88% 140 0.10% 16 0.03% 4 15,850
Glasscock 93.57% 611 5.97% 39 0.46% 3 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 653
Goliad 77.22% 3,085 21.95% 877 0.60% 24 0.05% 2 0.18% 7 3,995
Gonzales 73.57% 5,627 25.47% 1,948 0.75% 57 0.20% 15 0.01% 1 7,648
Gray 87.90% 6,840 10.65% 829 1.25% 97 0.21% 16 0.00% 0 7,782
Grayson 74.26% 44,163 24.39% 14,506 1.07% 634 0.23% 136 0.07% 35 59,474
Gregg 67.72% 32,493 30.84% 14,796 1.15% 551 0.24% 113 0.06% 29 47,982
Grimes 75.98% 9,432 22.82% 2,833 0.95% 118 0.24% 30 0.01% 1 12,414
Guadalupe 61.16% 47,553 37.04% 28,805 1.32% 1,023 0.27% 211 0.21% 166 77,758
Hale 74.87% 7,177 23.77% 2,279 1.01% 97 0.32% 31 0.02% 2 9,586
Hall 85.12% 995 14.37% 168 0.34% 4 0.09% 1 0.09% 1 1,169
Hamilton 83.11% 3,616 14.73% 641 1.20% 52 0.92% 40 0.05% 2 4,351
Hansford 90.33% 1,849 8.11% 166 1.32% 27 0.15% 3 0.10% 2 2,047
Hardeman 84.18% 1,330 15.25% 241 0.57% 9 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 1,580
Hardin 86.33% 23,858 12.57% 3,474 1.00% 276 0.10% 27 0.00% 0 27,635
Harris 42.69% 700,630 55.94% 918,193 1.02% 16,819 0.31% 5,129 0.03% 486 1,641,257
Harrison 72.23% 21,466 26.61% 7,908 0.99% 294 0.14% 42 0.02% 7 29,717
Hartley 89.89% 1,868 9.38% 195 0.67% 14 0.05% 1 0.00% 0 2,078
Haskell 83.11% 1,840 15.94% 353 0.68% 15 0.27% 6 0.00% 0 2,214
Hays 43.59% 47,680 54.41% 59,524 1.59% 1,735 0.38% 418 0.03% 38 109,395
Hemphill 86.40% 1,486 11.98% 206 1.45% 25 0.17% 3 0.00% 0 1,720
Henderson 79.61% 28,911 19.44% 7,060 0.73% 264 0.21% 75 0.02% 7 36,317
Hidalgo 40.98% 90,527 58.04% 128,199 0.57% 1,261 0.39% 865 0.01% 32 220,884
Hill 79.87% 11,926 19.15% 2,860 0.80% 119 0.17% 26 0.00% 0 14,931
Hockley 80.69% 6,536 18.30% 1,482 0.75% 61 0.20% 16 0.06% 5 8,100
Hood 81.42% 26,496 17.36% 5,648 0.98% 319 0.22% 71 0.02% 7 32,541
Hopkins 79.79% 12,719 19.11% 3,046 0.90% 143 0.19% 31 0.01% 2 15,941
Houston 74.80% 7,060 24.52% 2,314 0.59% 56 0.07% 7 0.01% 1 9,438
Howard 78.64% 8,054 20.20% 2,069 0.87% 89 0.27% 28 0.01% 1 10,241
Hudspeth 66.87% 779 31.85% 371 0.86% 10 0.43% 5 0.00% 0 1,165
Hunt 75.56% 29,163 23.07% 8,906 1.12% 434 0.18% 71 0.07% 23 38,597
Hutchinson 87.55% 7,681 11.00% 965 1.31% 115 0.11% 10 0.02% 2 8,773
Irion 85.38% 759 13.50% 120 0.90% 8 0.22% 2 0.00% 0 889
Jack 90.38% 3,418 8.75% 331 0.63% 24 0.24% 9 0.00% 0 3,782
Jackson 82.34% 5,231 16.26% 1,033 0.83% 53 0.36% 23 0.20% 13 6,353
Jasper 80.34% 12,542 18.92% 2,954 0.67% 105 0.04% 7 0.02% 3 15,611
Jeff Davis 60.08% 784 38.39% 501 1.30% 17 0.23% 3 0.00% 0 1,305
Jefferson 50.20% 47,570 48.62% 46,073 0.95% 897 0.21% 199 0.02% 20 94,759
Jim Hogg 40.91% 833 58.79% 1,197 0.20% 4 0.10% 2 0.00% 0 2,036
Jim Wells 54.52% 7,453 44.77% 6,119 0.50% 69 0.20% 28 0.00% 0 13,669
Johnson 75.85% 54,628 22.86% 16,464 1.07% 771 0.20% 142 0.01% 15 72,020
Jones 83.96% 5,660 14.82% 999 0.93% 63 0.28% 19 0.00% 0 6,741
Karnes 75.55% 3,968 23.50% 1,234 0.57% 30 0.32% 17 0.06% 3 5,252
Kaufman 66.34% 37,624 32.45% 18,405 0.93% 528 0.26% 146 0.03% 15 56,718
Kendall 75.92% 20,083 22.76% 6,020 1.09% 289 0.17% 46 0.05% 14 26,452
Kenedy 65.46% 127 33.51% 65 0.52% 1 0.52% 1 0.00% 0 194
Kent 88.96% 411 10.17% 47 0.65% 3 0.22% 1 0.00% 0 462
Kerr 75.25% 20,879 23.51% 6,524 1.02% 283 0.18% 51 0.03% 8 27,745
Kimble 86.69% 1,987 12.39% 284 0.74% 17 0.17% 4 0.00% 0 2,292
King 94.97% 151 5.03% 8 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 159
Kinney 71.37% 1,144 27.82% 446 0.69% 11 0.12% 2 0.00% 0 1,603
Kleberg 50.29% 5,504 48.56% 5,314 0.89% 97 0.26% 29 0.00% 0 10,944
Knox 81.04% 1,180 18.20% 265 0.48% 7 0.27% 4 0.00% 0 1,456
La Salle 55.49% 1,335 43.72% 1,052 0.50% 12 0.29% 7 0.00% 0 2,406
Lamar 78.16% 16,760 20.79% 4,458 0.80% 172 0.13% 28 0.11% 24 21,442
Lamb 79.84% 3,521 19.05% 840 0.91% 40 0.16% 7 0.04% 2 4,410
Lampasas 77.76% 8,086 20.62% 2,144 1.39% 145 0.23% 24 0.00% 0 10,399
Lavaca 86.34% 8,804 13.07% 1,333 0.45% 46 0.08% 8 0.06% 6 10,197
Lee 77.22% 6,255 21.60% 1,750 0.80% 65 0.20% 16 0.17% 14 8,100
Leon 86.62% 7,523 12.34% 1,072 0.66% 57 0.16% 14 0.23% 19 8,685
Liberty 79.44% 23,302 19.72% 5,785 0.74% 218 0.10% 29 0.00% 0 29,334
Limestone 74.65% 6,789 24.33% 2,213 0.73% 66 0.30% 27 0.00% 0 9,095
Lipscomb 89.06% 1,205 9.68% 131 1.26% 17 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 1,353
Live Oak 83.08% 4,199 16.20% 819 0.59% 30 0.12% 6 0.00% 0 5,054
Llano 79.61% 10,079 19.47% 2,465 0.78% 99 0.13% 16 0.01% 1 12,660
Loving 90.91% 60 6.06% 4 3.03% 2 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 66
Lubbock 65.27% 78,861 33.12% 40,017 1.34% 1,617 0.23% 276 0.03% 46 120,817
Lynn 80.81% 1,853 18.67% 428 0.44% 10 0.09% 2 0.00% 0 2,293
Madison 78.69% 4,169 20.54% 1,088 0.57% 30 0.19% 10 0.02% 1 5,298
Marion 71.34% 3,470 27.53% 1,339 0.97% 47 0.16% 8 0.00% 0 4,864
Martin 85.97% 1,857 13.33% 288 0.60% 13 0.09% 2 0.00% 0 2,160
Mason 80.48% 1,991 18.47% 457 0.77% 19 0.08% 2 0.20% 5 2,474
Matagorda 71.72% 9,845 27.19% 3,733 0.84% 115 0.24% 33 0.01% 1 13,727
Maverick 44.84% 6,881 54.29% 8,332 0.48% 73 0.39% 60 0.00% 0 15,346
McCulloch 84.52% 2,904 14.26% 490 1.05% 36 0.17% 6 0.00% 0 3,436
McLennan 60.84% 59,543 37.49% 36,688 1.33% 1,297 0.25% 243 0.10% 101 97,872
McMullen 89.15% 460 10.27% 53 0.39% 2 0.19% 1 0.00% 0 516
Medina 69.04% 15,642 29.89% 6,773 0.81% 184 0.20% 45 0.06% 13 22,657
Menard 80.06% 823 19.16% 197 0.58% 6 0.19% 2 0.00% 0 1,028
Midland 77.34% 45,624 20.90% 12,329 1.32% 777 0.21% 126 0.22% 132 58,988
Milam 75.48% 7,984 23.60% 2,496 0.68% 72 0.23% 24 0.02% 2 10,578
Mills 88.50% 2,217 10.82% 271 0.60% 15 0.08% 2 0.00% 0 2,505
Mitchell 84.14% 2,170 15.39% 397 0.43% 11 0.04% 1 0.00% 0 2,579
Montague 87.74% 8,615 11.17% 1,097 0.79% 78 0.24% 24 0.05% 5 9,819
Montgomery 71.22% 193,382 27.39% 74,377 1.17% 3,166 0.19% 526 0.03% 92 271,543
Moore 79.14% 4,359 19.28% 1,062 1.20% 66 0.38% 21 0.00% 0 5,508
Morris 69.30% 3,872 29.87% 1,669 0.64% 36 0.18% 10 0.00% 0 5,587
Motley 92.64% 604 7.06% 46 0.31% 2 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 652
Nacogdoches 64.88% 17,378 33.60% 9,000 1.13% 302 0.31% 83 0.08% 22 26,785
Navarro 72.16% 13,800 26.67% 5,101 0.87% 167 0.28% 53 0.01% 2 19,123
Newton 80.11% 4,882 19.25% 1,173 0.56% 34 0.08% 5 0.00% 0 6,094
Nolan 77.11% 4,131 21.69% 1,162 0.99% 53 0.19% 10 0.02% 1 5,357
Nueces 50.75% 64,617 47.85% 60,925 1.10% 1,404 0.29% 368 0.01% 8 127,322
Ochiltree 89.10% 2,812 9.57% 302 1.17% 37 0.10% 3 0.06% 2 3,156
Oldham 90.88% 917 8.03% 81 0.99% 10 0.10% 1 0.00% 0 1,009
Orange 81.09% 29,186 17.66% 6,357 1.04% 376 0.14% 51 0.06% 24 35,994
Palo Pinto 81.50% 10,179 17.44% 2,178 0.81% 101 0.22% 27 0.04% 4 12,489
Panola 81.44% 9,326 17.96% 2,057 0.50% 57 0.10% 11 0.00% 0 11,451
Parker 81.50% 62,045 17.10% 13,017 1.16% 880 0.21% 158 0.04% 28 76,128
Parmer 80.57% 2,135 18.42% 488 0.87% 23 0.15% 4 0.00% 0 2,650
Pecos 68.87% 3,215 29.61% 1,382 1.07% 50 0.45% 21 0.00% 0 4,668
Polk 76.79% 18,573 22.27% 5,387 0.71% 171 0.21% 50 0.02% 5 24,186
Potter 68.45% 22,820 29.76% 9,921 1.36% 454 0.38% 126 0.05% 16 33,337
Presidio 32.52% 721 65.99% 1,463 0.95% 21 0.54% 12 0.00% 0 2,217
Rains 85.16% 5,155 13.91% 842 0.71% 43 0.21% 13 0.00% 0 6,053
Randall 78.54% 50,796 19.79% 12,802 1.41% 910 0.20% 129 0.06% 37 64,674
Reagan 83.81% 942 15.30% 172 0.62% 7 0.27% 3 0.00% 0 1,124
Real 82.90% 1,643 16.15% 320 0.71% 14 0.25% 5 0.00% 0 1,982
Red River 77.80% 4,517 21.46% 1,246 0.62% 36 0.12% 7 0.00% 0 5,806
Reeves 61.10% 2,254 37.82% 1,395 0.81% 30 0.22% 8 0.05% 2 3,689
Refugio 65.66% 2,210 32.92% 1,108 0.77% 26 0.62% 21 0.03% 1 3,366
Roberts 96.18% 529 3.09% 17 0.73% 4 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 550
Robertson 69.71% 5,646 29.31% 2,374 0.81% 66 0.16% 13 0.00% 0 8,099
Rockwall 68.15% 36,726 30.45% 16,412 1.13% 611 0.22% 121 0.04% 21 53,891
Runnels 86.35% 3,807 12.52% 552 0.88% 39 0.25% 11 0.00% 0 4,409
Rusk 77.34% 16,534 21.65% 4,629 0.73% 155 0.23% 50 0.04% 9 21,377
Sabine 87.12% 4,784 12.18% 669 0.49% 27 0.13% 7 0.07% 4 5,491
San Augustine 75.14% 3,007 24.49% 980 0.32% 13 0.05% 2 0.00% 0 4,002
San Jacinto 80.39% 10,161 18.49% 2,337 0.80% 101 0.31% 39 0.02% 2 12,640
San Patricio 63.79% 16,516 34.71% 8,988 1.12% 291 0.36% 93 0.01% 3 25,891
San Saba 88.70% 2,308 11.03% 287 0.27% 7 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 2,602
Schleicher 81.10% 940 18.21% 211 0.52% 6 0.17% 2 0.00% 0 1,159
Scurry 84.89% 4,983 13.94% 818 0.90% 53 0.26% 15 0.02% 1 5,870
Shackelford 91.15% 1,484 7.99% 130 0.61% 10 0.25% 4 0.00% 0 1,628
Shelby 79.06% 7,975 20.50% 2,068 0.37% 37 0.04% 4 0.03% 3 10,087
Sherman 89.31% 886 9.17% 91 0.91% 9 0.50% 5 0.10% 1 992
Smith 68.85% 69,080 29.52% 29,615 1.12% 1,126 0.25% 254 0.26% 259 100,334
Somervell 82.98% 4,105 15.52% 768 1.13% 56 0.20% 10 0.16% 8 4,947
Starr 47.06% 8,247 52.06% 9,123 0.52% 92 0.36% 63 0.00% 0 17,525
Stephens 88.96% 3,385 10.43% 397 0.42% 16 0.05% 2 0.13% 5 3,805
Sterling 91.39% 584 7.98% 51 0.47% 3 0.16% 1 0.00% 0 639
Stonewall 83.56% 615 15.76% 116 0.54% 4 0.14% 1 0.00% 0 736
Sutton 78.48% 1,222 20.68% 322 0.58% 9 0.26% 4 0.00% 0 1,557
Swisher 78.34% 1,845 20.30% 478 0.93% 22 0.42% 10 0.00% 0 2,355
Tarrant 49.09% 409,741 49.31% 411,567 1.24% 10,368 0.31% 2,617 0.05% 404 834,697
Taylor 71.73% 39,547 26.46% 14,588 1.50% 827 0.27% 150 0.04% 23 55,135
Terrell 72.93% 334 25.98% 119 0.66% 3 0.44% 2 0.00% 0 458
Terry 77.85% 2,812 20.96% 757 0.91% 33 0.28% 10 0.00% 0 3,612
Throckmorton 90.16% 806 9.17% 82 0.56% 5 0.11% 1 0.00% 0 894
Titus 71.81% 7,570 27.09% 2,856 0.89% 94 0.18% 19 0.02% 2 10,541
Tom Green 71.47% 32,313 27.07% 12,239 1.21% 546 0.21% 96 0.03% 16 45,210
Travis 26.43% 161,337 71.41% 435,860 1.46% 8,905 0.34% 2,094 0.36% 2,153 610,349
Trinity 80.41% 5,579 19.07% 1,323 0.36% 25 0.16% 11 0.00% 0 6,938
Tyler 84.82% 8,194 14.52% 1,403 0.54% 52 0.11% 11 0.00% 0 9,660
Upshur 83.56% 15,809 15.21% 2,877 0.95% 179 0.12% 22 0.18% 32 18,919
Upton 86.11% 1,178 12.43% 170 0.95% 13 0.51% 7 0.00% 0 1,368
Uvalde 59.69% 6,174 39.38% 4,073 0.64% 66 0.28% 29 0.02% 2 10,344
Val Verde 54.21% 8,284 44.31% 6,771 1.11% 170 0.31% 47 0.05% 8 15,280
Van Zandt 85.56% 22,270 13.51% 3,516 0.67% 175 0.13% 33 0.13% 35 26,029
Victoria 68.25% 23,358 30.33% 10,380 0.99% 339 0.30% 103 0.13% 46 34,226
Walker 65.12% 15,375 33.39% 7,884 1.22% 287 0.27% 63 0.01% 3 23,612
Waller 62.73% 14,260 36.03% 8,191 0.88% 201 0.36% 82 0.00% 0 22,734
Ward 79.83% 3,241 18.82% 764 0.71% 29 0.64% 26 0.00% 0 4,060
Washington 74.27% 12,959 24.42% 4,261 1.02% 178 0.11% 20 0.18% 31 17,449
Webb 37.80% 25,898 61.05% 41,820 0.65% 446 0.34% 233 0.16% 109 68,506
Wharton 71.15% 11,926 28.01% 4,694 0.63% 105 0.21% 36 0.00% 0 16,761
Wheeler 92.38% 2,159 7.19% 168 0.30% 7 0.13% 3 0.00% 0 2,337
Wichita 69.65% 32,069 28.59% 13,161 1.47% 675 0.27% 125 0.02% 10 46,040
Wilbarger 77.90% 3,524 21.13% 956 0.73% 33 0.24% 11 0.00% 0 4,524
Willacy 43.99% 2,441 56.01% 3,108 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 5,549
Williamson 48.15% 139,729 49.56% 143,795 1.72% 4,998 0.27% 790 0.30% 856 290,168
Wilson 73.76% 18,463 25.37% 6,350 0.60% 151 0.16% 39 0.11% 29 25,032
Winkler 82.46% 1,753 16.84% 358 0.66% 14 0.05% 1 0.00% 0 2,126
Wise 83.52% 27,032 15.37% 4,973 0.96% 310 0.15% 47 0.01% 3 32,365
Wood 83.63% 19,049 15.40% 3,509 0.77% 175 0.18% 40 0.02% 6 22,779
Yoakum 82.63% 2,174 15.96% 420 1.18% 31 0.23% 6 0.00% 0 2,631
Young 86.30% 7,110 12.55% 1,034 0.92% 76 0.22% 18 0.01% 1 8,239
Zapata 52.48% 2,033 47.13% 1,826 0.28% 11 0.10% 4 0.00% 0 3,874
Zavala 34.03% 1,490 65.40% 2,864 0.30% 13 0.27% 12 0.00% 0 4,379

Counties that flipped from Democratic to Republican[edit]

Counties that flipped from Republican to Democratic[edit]

Dianne Solis et al of The Dallas Morning News stated that according to polls, "Democrat Joe Biden overwhelmingly won the Latino vote in Texas' urban areas".[73]

In the historically Democratic Rio Grande Valley, Biden's lead narrowed from the previous election,[73] although he performed better than John Kerry did against then-incumbent President George W. Bush in the 2004 election.

By congressional district[edit]

Trump won 22 out of the 36 congressional districts in Texas.

District Trump Biden Representative
1st 71.6% 27.2% Louie Gohmert
2nd 49.9% 48.6% Dan Crenshaw
3rd 49.8% 48.7% Van Taylor
4th 74.4% 24.4% Vacant
Pat Fallon
5th 60.9% 37.9% Lance Gooden
6th 50.8% 47.8% Ron Wright
7th 45.1% 53.6% Lizzie Fletcher
8th 70.6% 28.1% Kevin Brady
9th 23.3% 75.7% Al Green
10th 50% 48.4% Michael McCaul
11th 79.1% 19.7% Mike Conaway
August Pfluger
12th 60.5% 37.9% Kay Granger
13th 79.2% 19.4% Mac Thornberry
Ronny Jackson
14th 59% 39.6% Randy Weber
15th 48.5% 50.4% Vicente Gonzalez
16th 32% 66.4% Veronica Escobar
17th 54.6% 43.6% Bill Flores
Pete Sessions
18th 23% 75.7% Sheila Jackson Lee
19th 72.2% 26.3% Jodey Arrington
20th 34.7% 63.7% Joaquín Castro
21st 50.6% 47.9% Chip Roy
22nd 49.8% 48.9% Pete Olson
Troy Nehls
23rd 50.3% 48.5% Will Hurd
Tony Gonzales
24th 46.5% 51.9% Kenny Marchant
Beth Van Duyne
25th 54% 44.4% Roger Williams
26th 56.3% 42.1% Michael Burgess
27th 61.2% 37.5% Michael Cloud
28th 47.2% 51.6% Henry Cuellar
29th 32.9% 65.9% Sylvia Garcia
30th 18.9% 79.8% Eddie Bernice Johnson
31st 50.4% 47.6% John Carter
32nd 44% 54.4% Colin Allred
33rd 25.6% 73% Marc Veasey
34th 47.5% 51.5% Filemon Vela Jr.
35th 30.5% 67.7% Lloyd Doggett
36th 71.9% 26.9% Brian Babin

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Partisan clients
  1. ^ Poll sponsored by the Texas arm of the party which nominated Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  2. ^ The Blue Texas PAC exclusively supports Democratic candidates
  3. ^ The Human Rights Campaign endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  4. ^ Poll sponsored by the Texas arm of the party which nominated Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  5. ^ Poll sponsored by the Defend Students Action Fund.
  6. ^ Giffords' founder, Gabby Giffords, endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  7. ^ The Consumer Energy Alliance is a pro-Keystone XL lobbying group
  8. ^ The Texas Democratic Party exclusively supports Democratic candidates
  9. ^ Poll sponsored by Chrysta Castañeda's campaign
  10. ^ Size of "extremely likely to vote" sample not yet released
  11. ^ This poll's sponsor is the American Principles Project, a 501(c)(4) organization that supports the Republican Party.
  12. ^ Poll sponsored by Progress Texas, an organisation promoting progressive policies
  13. ^ Poll sponsored by the Texas Democratic Party
  14. ^ a b c d By the time of this poll, Data for Progress, which has worked with both the Sanders and Warren campaigns, had endorsed Warren
  15. ^ a b Poll sponsored by Democracy Toolbox
  16. ^ Poll sponsored by Courageous Conservatives PAC
Samples
  1. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  3. ^ Overlapping sample with the previous SurveyMonkey/Axios poll, but more information available regarding sample size
  4. ^ "Other candidate or write-in" with 0%
  5. ^ a b c d With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Someone else" with 2%
  7. ^ Standard VI response
  8. ^ Results generated with high Democratic turnout model
  9. ^ Results generated with high Republican turnout model
  10. ^ "Another candidate" with no voters
  11. ^ "Someone else" and would not vote with 1%
  12. ^ a b Includes "Refused"
  13. ^ "Someone else" with 3%
  14. ^ a b "Someone else" with 1%
  15. ^ Standard IV response
  16. ^ "Another candidate" with 1%
  17. ^ With only Biden, Trump and "another candidate" as options
  18. ^ "Another candidate" with 2%
  19. ^ "Someone else" and would not vote with 0%
  20. ^ "Someone else/third party" with 2%
  21. ^ a b c d Overlapping sample with the previous Morning Consult poll, but more information available regarding sample size
  22. ^ "Refused" with 0%
  23. ^ a b Overlapping sample with the previous and subsequent Morning Consult polls, but more information available regarding sample size
  24. ^ "Another party candidate" with 2%
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i Not yet released
  26. ^ "Someone else" with 4%; would not vote with 3%
  27. ^ "Someone else/third party" with 4%; would not vote with 0%
  28. ^ "Other" with 4%; would not vote with 1%
  29. ^ "Someone else" and would not vote with 3%
  30. ^ a b c Including voters who lean towards a given candidate
  31. ^ a b Other with 1%; neither with 2%
  32. ^ "Neither-other" with 10%
  33. ^ a b c Would not vote with 3%
  34. ^ a b c d e Other with 0%; neither with 2%
  35. ^ a b "Someone else" with 9%
  36. ^ a b Other with 0%; neither with 3%
  37. ^ a b "Neither-other" with 12%
  38. ^ Other with 1%; neither with 3%
  39. ^ "Someone else" with 10%
  40. ^ "Neither-other" with 9%
  41. ^ "Neither-other" with 16%
  42. ^ "Neither-other" with 15%
  43. ^ Would not vote with 4%
  44. ^ "Neither-other" with 17%
  45. ^ "Someone else" with 14%
  46. ^ "Someone else" with 7%
  47. ^ a b c d e Listed as the combination of these responses: "Definitely or probably would not vote to re-elect Donald Trump"
  48. ^ "Would definitely not vote for Trump" with 48%
  49. ^ "Would consider voting for Trump" with 14%; "Don't know/no answer" with 3%

References[edit]

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