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COVID-19 pandemic in Asia

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COVID-19 pandemic in Asia
COVID-19 deaths per million residents as of December 10, 2020.svg
Confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million residents as of December 10, 2020
COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people as of December 10, 2020.svg
Cumulative confirmed cases of COVID-19 per 100,000 people as of December 10, 2020
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationAsia
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1]
Index case1 December 2019
(1 year, 4 months, 1 week and 6 days ago)
Confirmed cases17,725,946[2]
Active cases1,770,067[2]
Recovered15,651,219[2]
Deaths
304,660[2]
Territories
49[2]

The COVID-19 pandemic began in Asia in Wuhan, Hubei, China, and has spread widely through the continent. As of 30 April 2020,[3] at least one case of COVID-19 had been reported in every country in Asia except North Korea and Turkmenistan.

Excluding Russia (a transcontinental country), the Asian countries with the highest numbers of confirmed coronavirus cases are India, Turkey, Iran, and Indonesia.[4] Despite being the first area of the world hit by the outbreak, the early wide-scale response of some Asian states, particularly Bhutan,[5] Mongolia,[6] Singapore,[7] Taiwan[8] and Vietnam[9] has allowed them to fare comparatively well. China was criticised for initially minimising the severity of the outbreak, but its wide-scale response has largely contained the disease since March 2020.[10][11][12][13]

As of mid-April 2021, the highest numbers of deaths are recorded in India, Iran, Indonesia, and Turkey, each with more than 30,000 deaths and more than 300,000 deaths combined. However, the death tolls in a number of countries[which?] are claimed to be significantly higher than those given in official figures.[14][15]

Confirmed cases

Summary table of the Top 10 in Asia (as of April 10, 2021)
Rank Country Cases Active cases Deaths Recoveries Ref
1 India India 13,060,542 979,608 167,642 11,913,292 [16][17]
2 Russia Russia 4,632,688 271,760 102,649 4,258,279 [16][17]
3 Turkey Turkey 3,745,657 443,525 33,454 3,268,678 [16][17]
4 Iran Iran 2,029,412 272,368 64,039 1,693,005 [16][17]
5 Indonesia Indonesia 1,562,868 111,137 42,443 1,409,288 [16][17]
6 Iraq Iraq 903,439 89,506 14,606 799,327 [16][17]
7 Philippines Philippines 853,209 190,245 14,744 648,220 [16][17]
8 Israel Israel 835,486 4,459 6,279 824,748 [16][17]
9 Pakistan Pakistan 715,968 73,078 15,329 627,561 [16][17]
10 Bangladesh Bangladesh 666,132 91,581 9,521 565,030 [16][17]

Afghanistan

On 23 February 2020, at least three citizens of Herat who had recently returned from Qom were suspected of COVID-19 infection. Blood samples were sent to Kabul for further testing.[18] Afghanistan later closed its border with Iran.[19]

On 24 February, Afghanistan confirmed the first COVID-19 case involving one of the three people from Herat, a 35-year-old man who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2.[20] On 7 March, three new cases were confirmed in Herat province.[21] On 10 March, the first case reported outside of Herat province, was in Samangan province, bringing to the total to five cases.[22]

Armenia

Armenia confirmed the first case of coronavirus during the late night of 29 February/early morning of 1 March, announcing a 29-year-old Armenian citizen had returned from Iran and was confirmed positive for the virus. His wife was tested and results came in negative. Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan declared that he is "now in good condition." About 30 people who came in contact with him are being tested and will be quarantined. Armenia had earlier closed its border with Iran. As of 15 March there are 23 confirmed cases with over 300 being in quarantine. [23] On March 23, it confirmed 23 cases.[24]

Azerbaijan

On 28 February, Azerbaijan confirmed the first case from a Russian national, who was travelling from Iran.[25] On 12 March, a woman died from multiorgan failure who had been diagnosed with COVID-19 a day earlier. This marked the first death of coronavirus in Azerbaijan.[26] On 22 March, the first domestic human to human transmission was confirmed.[27] On 31 March, Azerbaijan declared nationwide quarantine. People are required to stay in private houses and apartments, permanent or temporary places of residence until 20 April.[28]

Bahrain

The first case in the country was confirmed on 21 February. The index case was a school bus driver who had travelled to Iran.[29] Bahrain has recorded a total of 2,009 COVID-19 cases including 7 deaths and 1,026 recoveries. The Bahraini government has unveiled a stimulus packages of 4.3 billion Bahraini Dinars that include exempting consumers from bills of electricity and water for three months.[citation needed]

Bangladesh

The first three cases of the country were confirmed on 7 March 2020. Two of those affected returned to Bangladesh from Italy and one was a family member of one of those two.[30] On March 18, the first known coronavirus death in the country was reported.[31]

On 22 March, Bangladesh declared a 10-day shut down effective from March 26 to April 4 to fight the spread of coronavirus.[32] Bangladesh on Wednesday reported the fifth death from the coronavirus though no new case of the infection came out in the last 24 hours as the country suspended all domestic flights, trains and public transport to fight the pandemic.[citation needed]

The Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) has confirmed that one more person has died of coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in Bangladesh, taking the number of deaths from the disease in the country to five, the Dhaka Tribune reported.[citation needed]

Bangladesh on Wednesday confirmed another death taking the death toll in the country to six while number of positive cases rose to 54.The nationwide lockdown has been extended till April 9 to curb the spread, however Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Tuesday said that offices and industries could resume work. Health minister Zahid Malik said "another 300 ventilators are being imported. There are about 700 ventilators across private hospitals".[citation needed]

Bhutan

On 6 March, the first case in the country was confirmed, a 76-year-old US male who travelled to the country.[33]

Brunei

On 9 March, the Ministry of Health confirmed that a preliminary coronavirus test had returned positive for a 53-year-old male who had returned from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 3 March.[34] The patient was moved to the National Isolation Centre in Tutong for treatment.[34]

Cambodia

Map of the outbreak in Cambodia
(as of 14 April 2020)
The hand sanitizer shelf at a pharmacy in Kep, Cambodia, was emptied the day after the first COVID-19 case was confirmed in the country

On 27 January, Cambodia confirmed the first COVID-19 case in Sihanoukville, a 60-year-old Chinese man, travelling to the coastal city from Wuhan with his family on 23 January.[35] Three other members of his family were placed under quarantine as they did not appear to have symptoms, while he was placed in a separate room at the Preah Sihanouk Referral Hospital.[36][37][38] By 10 February, after two weeks of being treated and kept under observation, he had fully recovered, Health Ministry stated on account of testing negative for the third time by Pasteur Institute of Cambodia. The family were finally discharged and flew back to their home country on the next day as of the 80 Chinese nationals who arrived in Sihanoukville on the same flight as the patient, most had since returned to China, although the city of Wuhan remained under quarantine at that time.[39][40]

China

Cases in mainland China (see detailed breakdown)
COVID-19 cases in mainland China broken down by provinces[41]

Sophisticated modelling of the outbreak suggests that the number of cases in mainland China would have been many times higher without interventions such as early detection, and isolation of the infected.[42]

COVID-19 pandemic in Asia is located in China
2019–20 coronavirus pandemic by mainland Chinese city/prefecture[43][44][45][46] ()

Hold cursor Pointing hand cursor vector.svg over location to display name; click to go to location article.


Location dot green.svg No active cases Location dot red.svg Confirmed Location dot orange.svg Imported[a] Purple 8000ff pog.svg First outbreak of pandemic (no active cases)

As of 7 October 2020, there have been 2951 total (200 active) imported cases in mainland China, with no deaths recorded among them:[47]


See "Notes" section below for imported cases details (all data are given out of total imported cases).


For the first time since the COVID-19 outbreak, China on Wednesday[clarification needed] revealed the presence of 1,541 asymptomatic cases carrying the deadly novel coronavirus, raising concerns of a second wave of infections amid the relaxation of stringent measures in the country initiated to contain the deadly disease.[citation needed]

Asymptomatic coronavirus cases are those who carry the virus but do not show any symptoms and can cause sporadic clusters of infections. In a surprise announcement on Tuesday, China's National Health Commission (NHC) said it would begin to release the data of asymptomatic patients.[citation needed]

A total of 1,541 asymptomatic patients infected with COVID-19 have been put under medical observation in China by the end of Monday,[clarification needed] including 205 imported cases, state-run Xinhua news agency quoted the NHC in a statement.[citation needed]

COVID-19 pandemic in mainland China by provinces
Data released by Chinese provinces as of 24:00 (UTC+8) 5 January 2021[73][74]
Chinese provinces Pop. (mil.)
(2019)
Cases Deaths Fatality Recov. Active Cases
/1M pop
Deaths
/1M pop
Ref.
China (mainland) 1,400.0500 86,338 4,634 5.37 81,319 385 61.67 3.31 [75][74]
Hubei 59.2700 68,148 4,512 6.62 63,627 9 1,149.8 76.13 [76][74]
——Wuhan, Hubei 11.2120 50,340 3,869 7.69 46,471 0 4,489.8 345.08 [76]
Guangdong 115.2100 1,963 8 0.41 1,922 33 17.0 0.07 [77] [74]
Zhejiang 58.5000 1,291 1 0.08 1,279 11 22.1 0.02 [78] [74]
Henan 96.4000 1,288 22 1.71 1,259 7 13.4 0.23 [74]
Shanghai 24.2814 1,277 7 0.55 1,174 96 52.6 0.29 [74]
Hunan 69.1838 1,020 4 0.39 1,015 1 14.7 0.06 [74]
Anhui 63.6590 992 6 0.60 985 1 15.6 0.09 [74]
Xinjiang 25.2322 980 3 0.31 952 25 38.8 0.12 [74]
Heilongjiang 37.5130 949 13 1.37 936 0 25.3 0.35 [74]
Jiangxi 46.6610 935 1 0.11 934 0 20.0 0.02 [74]
Beijing 21.5360 947 9 0.95 932 6 44.0 0.42 [79] [74]
Shandong 100.7021 848 7 0.83 841 0 8.4 0.07 [74]
Sichuan 83.7500 783 3 0.38 735 45 9.3 0.04 [74]
Jiangsu 80.7000 676 0 0 666 10 8.4 0 [74]
Chongqing 31.2432 589 6 1.02 582 1 18.9 0.19 [74]
Shaanxi 38.7621 484 3 0.62 438 43 12.5 0.08 [74]
Fujian 39.7300 461 1 0.22 423 37 11.6 0.03 [74]
Hebei 75.9197 373 6 1.61 362 5 4.9 0.08 [74]
Inner Mongolia 25.3960 307 1 0.33 282 24 12.1 0.04 [74]
Tianjin 15.6183 289 3 1.04 266 20 18.5 0.19 [74]
Liaoning 43.5170 288 2 0.69 280 6 6.6 0.05 [74]
Guangxi 49.6000 260 2 0.77 258 0 5.2 0.04 [74]
Shanxi 37.2922 218 0 0 213 5 5.8 0 [74]
Yunnan 48.5830 217 2 0.92 209 6 4.5 0.04 [74]
Hainan 9.4472 171 6 3.51 165 0 18.1 0.64 [74]
Gansu 26.4743 181 2 1.10 177 2 6.8 0.08 [74]
Jilin 26.9073 157 2 1.27 155 0 5.8 0.07 [74]
Guizhou 36.2295 147 2 1.36 145 0 4.1 0.06 [74]
Ningxia 6.9466 75 0 0 75 0 10.8 0 [74]
Qinghai 6.0782 18 0 0 18 0 2.96 0 [74]
Tibet 3.5056 1 0 0 1 0 0.29 0 [74]

Cyprus

On 9 March, Cyprus confirmed its first 2 cases, one in Nicosia and one in Limassol.[80][81]

East Timor

On 20 March, East Timor confirmed its first COVID-19 case.[82]

Georgia

Map of the outbreak in Georgia
(as of 15 April):
Red dots represent medical centers currently treating patients
  Strict quarantine regime
  Confirmed cases reported

All flights from China and Wuhan to Tbilisi International Airport were cancelled until 27 January.[needs update] The Health Ministry announced that all arriving passengers from China would be screened. Georgia also temporarily shut down all flights to Iran.[83]

On 26 February, Georgia confirmed its first COVID-19 case. A 50-year-old man, who returned to Georgia from Iran, was admitted to Infectious Diseases Hospital in Tbilisi. He came back to the Georgian border via Azerbaijan by taxi.[84][85][86][87]

On 28 February, Georgia confirmed that a 31-year-old Georgia woman who had travelled to Italy tested positive and was admitted to Infectious Diseases Hospital in Tbilisi.[87]

29 more are being kept in isolation in a Tbilisi hospital, with Head of the Georgian National Centre for Disease Control, Amiran Gamkrelidze stating there was a “high probability” that some of them have the virus.[88]

On 5 March, five people have tested positive for the new coronavirus COVID-19 in Georgia increasing the total number of people infected in the country to nine. Head of the Georgian National Centre for Disease Control Amiran Gamkrelidze made the announcement at the recent news briefing following today. He said, all of the five people belong to the same cluster who travelled together to Italy and returned to Georgia on Sunday.[89]

On 7 March, three people have tested positive for the new coronavirus in Georgia increasing the total number of people infected individuals in the country to twelve. Head of the Georgian National Centre for Disease Control Amiran Gamkrelidze said at a news briefing the following day that there is still no reason to panic. One of the infected individuals is Gamkrelidze's son Nikoloz. Gamkrelidze wrote on his Facebook page that he contracted the illness from a coworker, who has been tested positive for COVID-19 on Wednesday. Georgia has suspended direct flights with Italy in order to prevent the spread of coronavirus in the country. Coronavirus in Georgia has mostly been detected in passengers who have travelled in Italy recently.[90]

Hong Kong

As of 1 March, Hong Kong's Centre for Health Protection had identified 100 cases (Including 2 Suspected Recovered Cases) in Hong Kong, with 36 patients since recovered and 2 died.[91][92][93] By 2 April, the number of confirmed or probable cases in Hong Kong has risen to 767 after an influx of returning overseas students. 467, or 60.89% of cases were imported cases.[94]

India

India COVID-19 cumulative cases map

The COVID-19 pandemic in India is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case of COVID-19 in India, which originated from China, was reported on 30 January 2020.[95] India currently has the largest number of confirmed cases in Asia,[96] and, as of April 2021, has the second-highest number of confirmed cases in the world after the United States with more than 13.53 million reported cases of COVID-19 infection and more than 170,179 deaths as of April 12, 2021.[97] The per day cases peaked mid-September in India with over 90,000 cases reported per day and came down to below 15,000 in January 2021 before rising again under a second wave from March 2021. On 11th April, India became the second country in the world to record more than 150,000 cases in a single day, after USA.[98]

In July 2020, India's Ministry of Information and Broadcasting claimed the country's case fatality rate was among the lowest in the world at 2.41% and "steadily declining".[99] By mid-May 2020, eight cities accounted for around half of all reported cases in the country: Mumbai, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Pune, and Kolkata.[100] The last region to report its first case was Lakshadweep, on 19 January 2021, nearly a year after the first reported case in India.[101] On 10 June, India's recoveries exceeded active cases for the first time.[102] Infection rates started to drop significantly in September, and the number of daily new cases and active cases started to decline rapidly.[103] A government panel on COVID-19 announced in October that the pandemic had peaked in India, and may come under control by February 2021.[104] This prediction was based on a mathematical simulation assuming that India reaches herd immunity, the so-called "Indian Supermodel".[105][106][107][108][109] A comparison of the predicted and actual cases is available on its homepage.[110] In a paper on an improved simulation model published February 2021, the same authors estimate the immunity of the Indian population to be close to 60% and claim that India might be the only major economy that has successfully implemented a herd immunity strategy.[111]

India has over 30 anti-COVID vaccines in various stages of development and a national vaccination drive was started on 16 January 2021.[112]

Indonesia

Cases per 100,000 by province as of 13 April 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was confirmed to have spread to Indonesia on 2 March 2020, after a dance instructor and her mother tested positive for the virus. Both were infected from a Japanese national.[113][114]

By 9 April 2020, the pandemic had spread to all 34 provinces in the country. Jakarta, West Java, and Central Java are the worst-hit provinces, together accounting more than half of the national total cases. The largest increase of new cases in a single day occurred on 30 January 2021, when 14,518 cases were announced. At most 13,038 recoveries and 476 fatalities were ever recorded within a span of 24 hours. On 13 July 2020, the recoveries exceeded active cases for the first time.[115]

As of 14 April 2021, Indonesia has reported 1,583,182 cases, the highest in Southeast Asia, ahead of the Philippines. With 42,906 deaths, Indonesia ranks third in Asia and 17th in the world.[116] Review of data, however, indicated that the number of deaths may be much higher than what has been reported as those who died with acute COVID-19 symptoms but had not been confirmed or tested were not counted in the official death figure.[117]

Indonesia has tested 9,104,944 people against its 270 million population so far, or around 33,772 people per million.[118] The World Health Organization has urged the nation to perform more tests, especially on suspected patients.[119]

Instead of implementing a nationwide lockdown, the government had approved large-scale social restrictions (Indonesian: Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, abbreviated as PSBB) for some regencies and cities. Starting from late May 2020, they began to apply new normal, along with another green and yellow zone regions. This policy received much criticism and is considered as a 'disaster' due to the still increasing number of cases.[120]

On 13 January 2021, President Joko Widodo was vaccinated at the presidential palace, officially kicking off Indonesia's vaccination program.[121] As of 14 April 2021 at 18:00 WIB (UTC+7), 10,481,178 people had received the first dose of the vaccine, and 5,572,859 people

had been fully vaccinated.[122]

Iran

Iran reported its first confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 infections on 19 February 2020 in Qom.[123] Later that day, the Ministry of Health and Medical Education stated that both had died.[124]

By 21 February, a total of 18 people had been confirmed to have SARS-CoV-2 infections[125] and four COVID-19 deaths had occurred.[124][126] On 24 February, according to the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, twelve COVID-19 deaths had occurred in Iran, out of a total of 64 SARS-CoV-2 confirmed infections.[127][128]

On 25 February, Iran's Deputy Health Minister, Iraj Harirchi tested positive for COVID-19, having shown some signs of infection during the press conference.[129] On 3 March, the official number of deaths in Iran rose to 77, the second highest deaths recorded outside China after Italy which has surpassed Iran, although the number of deaths is believed to be higher, up to 1,200 deaths due to Iranian Government's censorship and its eventual mishandling of virus outbreak.[130][131][132][133] Iran currently has the most cases in Western Asia as well as the fourth most cases worldwide, with China, South Korea, and Italy surpassing Iran.[citation needed]

Iran's death toll goes to 2,234 on 26 March as 29,000 cases are reported. Public gatherings are banned as is transportation between cities; public parks are closed.[134]

Iraq

The first case in the country was confirmed on 22 February.

Israel

On 21 February, Israel confirmed the first case of COVID-19.[135]

On 20 March, the first confirmed death in Israel was reported.[136]

As of 9 August, there are a total of 82,324 confirmed cases, with 57,071 recovered and 593 deaths.[137]

Japan

The first case was confirmed in a 30-year-old Chinese national who had previously travelled to Wuhan, developed a fever on 3 January, and returned to Japan on 6 January.[citation needed] Coronavirus infections in Japan topped 2,000 cases on 1 April, according to a Reuters calculation based on ministry data and media reports. A facility for disabled people in Chiba prefecture, east of Tokyo, found multiple people infected in March, bringing the total there to 121 in April. New York Times reported that Japan, which has the capacity to test 7,500 people per day, has tested a fraction of COVID-19 patients (including asymptomatic carrier), comparing Japan's situation to South Korea's one where about 360,000 South Koreans have been tested as of 26 March 2020. Columbia University professor Jeffrey Shaman suggested that Japan would not realise how things are going badly until it is too late.[138] In late May, however, the death toll did not rise, and Foreign Policy magazine called the situation "Mysterious Success".[139]

Jordan

On 2 March, the first case in the country was confirmed.[140][141] Jordan has 212 confirmed infections on 26 March. Anyone who disobeys nightly curfew will be fined up to 500 dinars (around $700). The government placed Irbid under quarantine after it recorded 26 cases in the area.[134]

Kazakhstan

On 13 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[citation needed]

As of 10 June, there are 13,319 confirmed cases with 62 deaths.[142]

Kuwait

The first case in the country was confirmed on 24 February.

The Kuwaiti prime minister stressed that the State of Kuwait greatly values the contribution of the large Indian community there and would continue to ensure their safety and welfare in the present situation, a statement issued by the Prime Minister's Office said.[143]

Modi expressed his thanks and appreciation for the reassurance.[144][145][146]

Both leaders discussed the domestic and international aspects of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the statement said.

Kyrgyzstan

On 18 March, the first three cases in the country were confirmed.[147] Kyrgyzstan had confirmed its first three coronavirus cases, Healthcare Minister Kosmosbek Cholponbayev said on Wednesday.[citation needed]

Three Kyrgyz nationals tested positive after arriving from Saudi Arabia.[citation needed]

Laos

As of 23 April, there are 19 confirmed cases in Laos.[148][149]

Lebanon

On 21 February 2020, Lebanon confirmed the first case of COVID-19, a 45-year-old woman travelling from Qom, Iran tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and was transferred to a hospital in Beirut.[150] Lebanon had 386 cases and nine deaths through 25 March, when it instituted a lockdown through 12 April. Essential services, such as drugstores and supermarkets, must close at nightfall.[134]

The number of COVID-19 infections remained unchanged at 333, NNA said.[citation needed]

Meanwhile, the cabinet decided to extend the curfew to April 13, citing the increasing number of coronavirus infections.[citation needed]

Macau

The first case in Macau was confirmed on 22 January.[151] As of 9 August, Macau has confirmed 46 cases, with all cases discharged.[152]

Malaysia

Eight Chinese nationals were quarantined at a hotel in Johor Bahru on 24 January after coming into contact with an infected person in neighbouring Singapore.[153] Despite early reports of them testing negative for the virus,[154] three of them were confirmed to be infected on 25 January.[155][156]

On 16 February, the 15th infected patient involving a Chinese female national had fully recovered, becoming the 8th patient cured from the virus in Malaysia.[157] The following day, the first infected Malaysian also reportedly recovered, becoming the 9th cured.[158]

In March 2020, several Southeast Asian countries experienced a significant rise in cases following an event held by Tablighi Jamaat at Jamek Mosque in Sri Petaling, Kuala Lumpur, where many people are believed to have been infected.[159] By 17 March, almost two thirds of the 673 cases confirmed in Malaysia were related to the event. More than 620 people, including those from other countries, who attended the event have tested positive, making it the largest-known centre of transmission in South East Asia.[159][160] In response to the rapid spread of cases, the Government introduced Movement Control Order lockdown restrictions on 18 March 2020, which helped to lower the infection and death rates.[161]

The number of active cases peaked in April and slowly declined, leading to a relaxation of Movement Control Order lockdown restrictions over the next several months.[162] Since mid-September, an outbreak of cases in Sabah, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Johor, Penang and Kedah led to a resurgence of COVID-19 cases throughout the country.[163][164] By 18 November 2020, the total number of cases in Malaysia had exceeded the 50,000 mark.[165] A Sin Chew Daily editorial has attributed the rapid surge of cases to the failure of the public, businesses and their employees including migrant workers to practise health and social distancing procedures during the relaxation of Movement Control Order restrictions throughout 2020.[161]

By 24 December 2020, the total number of cases in Malaysia had exceeded the 100,000 mark.[166] By 14 January 2021, the total number of cases in Malaysia had reached the 150,000 mark.[167] By 29 January, the total number of cases had exceeded the 200,000 mark.[168] By 28 February, the total number of cases had exceeded the 300,000 mark, reaching 300,752.[169] By 11 March, the total number of recoveries had exceeded the 300,000 mark, reaching 300,620.[170]

As of 14 April 2021, there are a total of 365,829 confirmed cases, with 16,696 active cases, 347,780 discharged, and 1,353 deaths.[171]

Maldives

On 7 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[172] By 21 July there are 3,252 confirmed cases in Maldives.[173]

Mongolia

On 10 March, the first case have been confirmed, a 57-year-old French citizen came from Moscow-Ulaanbaatar flight on 2 March and symptoms were shown on 7 March.[174]

Myanmar

On 23 March, Myanmar confirmed its first and second COVID-19 cases.[175] Myanmar reported its first coronavirus death on 31 March, a 69-year-old man who also had cancer and died in a hospital in the commercial capital of Yangon, a government spokeswoman said.[citation needed]

He had sought medical treatment in Australia and stopped in Singapore on his way home, according to the health ministry.[citation needed]

Nepal

A Nepali student who had returned to Kathmandu from Wuhan became the first case of the country and South Asia on 23 January 2020.[176][177] The first case of local transmission inside the country was confirmed on 4 April, while the first COVID-19 death came on 14 May.[178] The country observed an almost four-month-long nationwide lockdown between 24 March and 21 July.[179] As of 1 March 2021, the country has a total of 274,216 cases, 270,471 recoveries, and 2,777 deaths.[180]

Oman

On 24 February, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[181][182] As of 22 July, there are a total of 69,887 confirmed cases, with 46,608 discharged and 337 deaths.[183]

Pakistan

Pakistan reported its first two cases of COVID-19 on 26 February 2020.[184][185] By early September 2020, Pakistan had the 10th-highest number of confirmed cases in Asia.[186]

Palestine

The first seven cases were confirmed in the State of Palestine on 5 March.[187][188]

Philippines

Map of provinces (including Metro Manila) with confirmed cases (as of March 29, 2021)[k]
  ≥100000
  10000–99999
  5000–9999
  1000–4999
  500–999
  100–499
  50–99
  10–49
  1–9

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case in the Philippines was identified on January 30, 2020 and involved a 38-year-old Chinese woman who was confined at San Lazaro Hospital in Metro Manila.[l] On February 1, a posthumous test result from a 44-year-old Chinese man turned out positive for the virus, making the Philippines the first country outside China to record a confirmed death from the disease.[191][192][193]

After over a month without recording any cases, the Philippines confirmed its first local transmission on March 7, 2020.[194][195] Since then, the virus has spread with at least one case being recorded in the country's 81 provinces. Socio-economic status has been associated with the prevalence of COVID-19 cases across the country.[196] Lockdowns, or community quarantines, have been imposed throughout the country since March 15, 2020 as a measure to limit the spread of the virus.[197] The largest of these measures was the enhanced community quarantine in Luzon.[198]

As of April 14, 2021, the Philippines has reported 892,880 cases of the disease. Out of these cases, 704,386 recoveries and 15,447 deaths have been recorded.[199][200] It has the 2nd highest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Southeast Asia (after Indonesia), and ranks 7th in Asia, and 27th in the world. The largest single-day increase in the number of confirmed cases was reported on April 2, 2021, when the Department of Health (DOH) announced 15,310 new cases.[201]

The Philippines had a slightly lower testing capacity than its neighbors in Southeast Asia during the first months of the pandemic in the country.[202][203] COVID-19 tests had to be taken outside the country due to the lack of testing kits. This also has led to a controversy that involved several government officials who were reported to have undergone COVID-19 tests without qualifying to the DOH's triage algorithm. By the end of January 2020, the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) in Muntinlupa, Metro Manila began its testing operations and became the country's first subnational laboratory.[204] Several laboratories have been accredited by the DOH since then.[205] As of April 9, the country has 242 subnational laboratories capable of detecting the SARS-CoV-2 virus[206] and has conducted a total of 10,702,619 tests from more than 10,064,883 unique individuals.[199][207]

Qatar

Qatar confirmed its first case on 29 February, in a person who had returned from Iran. The first death in Qatar was recorded in on 28 March 2020, a 57-year old Bangladeshi national who was already suffering from chronic disease.

Russia

Russia implemented preventive measures to curb the spread of COVID-19 in the country by imposing quarantines, carrying raids on potential virus carriers and using facial recognition to impose quarantine measures.[208]

On 31 January, two cases were confirmed, one in Tyumen Oblast, another in Zabaykalsky Krai. Both were Chinese nationals, who have since recovered.[209][208] By 17 April, first case was confirmed in the Altai Republic, thus all 27 federal subjects of Asian Russia had confirmed cases.[citation needed]

Saudi Arabia

On 27 February, Saudi Arabia announced temporary suspension of entry for individuals wanting to perform Umrah pilgrimage in Mecca or to visit the Prophet's Mosque in Medina, as well as tourists. The rule was also extended to visitors traveling from countries where SARS-CoV-2 posed a risk.[210]

On 28 February, the Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia announced a temporary suspension of entry for Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) citizens to Mecca and Medina. Citizens of the GCC who had been in Saudi Arabia for more than 14 continuous days and didn't show any symptoms of COVID-19 would be excluded from this rule.[210]

Saudi Arabia confirmed the first case on 2 March, a Saudi national returning from Iran via Bahrain.[211]

On Thursday, 19 March Saudi Arabia suspended the holding of daily prayers and the weekly Friday prayers inside and outside the walls of the two mosques in Mecca and Medina  to limit the spread of coronavirus.[212] As of Thursday, 334 confirmed cases have been reported in Saudi Arabia with eight cases been recovered.[213] No deaths have been reported.

On Friday, 20 March, Saudi Arabia announced it is going to suspend all domestic flights, buses, taxis and trains for 14 days amid global coronavirus outbreak.[citation needed]

At the virtual G20 meeting, chaired by King Salman on 25 March, collective pledges were made to inject $4.8 trillion into the global economy to counteract the social and financial impacts of the pandemic.[134]

On 26 March, authorities announced a total lockdown of Riyadh, Mecca and Medina, plus a nation-wide curfew. 1,012 cases and four deaths are reported.[134]

Singapore

The COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case in Singapore was confirmed on 23 January 2020. Early cases were primarily imported until local transmission began to develop in February and March. By late-March and April, COVID-19 clusters were detected at multiple sleeping quarters, for which soon contributed to an overwhelming proportion of new cases in the country.

On 22 January 2020, a multi-ministerial committee was formed with then-Minister for National Development Lawrence Wong and Minister for Health Gan Kim Yong as the co-chairs and Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Finance Heng Swee Keat as advisors.[214][215] Singapore also contributed US$500,000 to support the World Health Organization's (WHO) efforts against COVID-19.[216]

In response to the growing number of new cases in early 2020, Singapore enacted the "COVID-19 Control Order", announcing on 3 April 2020 a stringent set of preventive measures collectively called the "circuit breaker". Initially planned to be applied from 7 April to 4 May, the circuit breaker was extended to 1 June on 21 April following continued untraced transmission within the community. The Multi-Ministry Taskforce on 28 May announced the three-phased approach to resume activities safely with the gradual re-opening of economic activities in each phase;[217] Phase 1 lasted for 17 days from 2 June and ended on 18 June, with Phase 2 lasting for 6 months and 8 days from 19 June to 27 December. Singapore is currently in Phase 3, which will be sustained throughout 2021 and beyond until herd immunity is achieved,[218] with a mass vaccination programme under way following the approval and acquisition of the Pfizer–BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines.[219][220]

As of 14 April 2021, 297 active cases remain out of a total of 60,719 confirmed cases, with 60,392 recoveries and 30 deaths.[221] Singapore currently has the lowest case fatality rate in the world at 0.05%, which is significantly lower than the WHO's global case fatality rate of 4.34%.[222] Singapore introduced what was considered one of the largest and best-organised epidemic control programs in the world, along with fellow neighboring countries such as South Korea and Vietnam.[223][224] Various measures have been taken to mass test the population for the virus, such as isolating any infected people as well as introducing contact tracing apps such as TraceTogether (both app and token) and strictly quarantining those they had close contact with. Such measures has helped avoid further lockdowns after the end of the circuit breaker measures in June 2020.

South Korea

Epidemic curve of COVID-19 in South Korea

The first confirmed case of the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in South Korea was announced 20 January 2020.[225] The number of confirmed cases increased on 19 February by 20, and on 20 February by 58, giving a total of 346 confirmed cases on 21 February 2020, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Korea (KCDC), with the sudden jump mostly attributed to "Patient No. 31" who attended a gathering at a Shincheonji Church of Jesus the Temple of the Tabernacle of the Testimony church in Daegu.[226] As of 20 February 2020, the number of confirmed cases in South Korea was the third largest after China and the infections on the Diamond Princess.[citation needed] By 24 February, the number of confirmed cases in South Korea was the second largest;[227] as of 14 March 2020, the number was the fourth largest. A reason for the high number of confirmed cases is the high number of tests conducted. In South Korea more than 66,650 people were tested within a week of its first case of community transmission, and South Korea quickly became able to test 10,000 people a day.[228]

Sri Lanka

Confirmed cases per districts[229]

The first case in the country was confirmed on 27 January. The country has 50,899 cases with 251 deaths as of 14 January 2021.[230][citation needed] As of 10 October, Sri Lankan authorities have tracked down over 1,430,864 people who had contacted the identified patients and had ordered self quarantine for such people. Near tested 1 million PCR tested on 13 December.[231]

Syria

Due to Syria already coping with the rampant civil war, fearing that Syria will be the most affected country is raising concerns, following a number of cases found in neighboring Iraq, Lebanon and Jordan, and collapsed healthcare system as the result of the civil war.[232] The Government of Iraqi Kurdistan, in a rare collaboration with its Syrian counterpart on 2 March, ordered complete closure of Syrian–Iraqi border to halt the spread.[233]

The first case in Syria was confirmed on 22 March.[234][235]

Taiwan

Confirmed cases per million residents by subdivision

The pandemic has had a smaller impact in Taiwan than in most other industrialized countries, with a total of eleven deaths out of a population of 23 million as of 11 April 2021,[236] a rate of 0.042 deaths per 100,000 people.[237] The number of active cases peaked on 6 April 2020 at 307 cases.[238] Out of approximately 1,000 cases total, only 77 (along with one additional case of unknown origin) were infected within Taiwan due to strict border control and quarantine measures of incoming travelers and thorough contact tracing of all confirmed cases, allowing for minimal disruption of society, education, and industry. No lockdowns have been imposed in Taiwan.[239] All the other cases have been imported from abroad.[240]

Tajikistan

On 30 April 2020, the first 15 cases of COVID-19 were reported in Tajikistan.[241]

Thailand

On 13 January, Thailand had its first case, also the first outside China.[242][243][244]

On 1 March, the first confirmed death in Thailand was reported.[245]

As of 19 July, there were a total of 3,246 confirmed cases with 58 deaths and 3,096 recoveries.[246]

Turkey

7-day incidence rate per 100,000 residents by provinces as of 5 March 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

The first case in Turkey was recorded on 11 March, when a local returned home[note 1] from a trip to Europe.[248] The first death due to COVID-19 in the country occurred on 15 March.[248] Turkey has stood out from the rest of Europe by not ordering a legal lockdown.[note 2][249] The government kept many businesses open, and allowed companies to set their own guidelines regarding workers.[249]

As of 13 April 2021,[250] Turkey has 3,962,760 confirmed cases, 3,424,733 recoveries, 34,455 deaths, and a death rate of 413 per million people, the 79th highest rate globally.[251][252]

The resulting wave of infections never came close to overwhelming the Turkish health system,[249] which has the highest number of intensive care units[253] in the world at 46.5 beds per 100,000 people (compared to 9.6 in Greece, 11.6 in France, and 12.6 in Italy). As of 13 April 2021, Turkey's observed case-fatality rate stands at 0.87%, the 148th highest rate globally.[254][255] This low case-fatality rate has generated various explanations including the relative rarity of nursing homes,[256] favorable demographics,[257] long legacy of contact tracing,[258] high number of intensive care units,[259] universal health care,[258] and a lockdown regime that led to a higher proportion of positive cases among working-age adults.[249]

On 30 September 2020, Turkish Minister of Health Fahrettin Koca acknowledged that since 29 July, the reported number of cases was limited to symptomatic cases that required monitoring, which was met with rebuke by the Turkish Medical Association.[260] This practice ended on 25 November, when the ministry started to report asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic cases alongside symptomatic ones.[260]

United Arab Emirates

The first case in the United Arab Emirates was confirmed on 29 January 2020.[261][262] It was the first country in the Middle East to report a confirmed case.[263]

The first death due to COVID-19 was reported on 20 March 2020.[264]

Uzbekistan

On 15 March, the first case in the country was confirmed.[265]

Vietnam

Map of cities & provinces with confirmed COVID-19 cases:
  Confirmed 1–9
  Confirmed 10–99
  Confirmed 100-249
  Confirmed 250-499
  Confirmed ≥ 500

The first two confirmed cases in Vietnam were admitted to Cho Ray Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City on 23 January 2020: a 66-year-old Chinese man traveling from Wuhan to Hanoi to visit his son, and his son who believed to have contracted the virus from his father when they met in Nha Trang.[266]

On 21 March, Vietnam suspended entry for all foreigners from midnight of 22 March, and concentrated isolation for 14 days in all cases of entry for Vietnamese citizens.[267] From 1 April, Vietnam implemented nationwide isolation for 15 days.[268] The drastic epidemic control measures have had positive results since the last case of local transmissions was from 16 April 2020 and the country is already starting to open up.[269][270]

Yemen

The pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Yemen when its first confirmed case in Hadhramaut was reported on 10 April.[271]

The country is seen to be extremely vulnerable to the outbreak, given the dire humanitarian situation due to the civil war, exacerbated by the famine, cholera outbreaks, and military blockade by Saudi Arabia and allies.[272][273]

Prevention in other countries and territories

Turkmenistan

As of May 2020, there are no confirmed COVID-19 cases in Turkmenistan.[274] The government has censored use of the word "coronavirus" to control information about the virus, and experts suspect that it may be spreading in the country unreported.[275]

Turkmenistan is a notoriously opaque state, purposefully isolated by an authoritarian regime led by Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, who has also been described as totalitarian.[276][277][278] Independent media in the country is virtually nonexistent so reporting about the current situation is difficult due to the inability to access and confirm reliable information from the country.[279][280]

North Korea

There are no confirmed cases in North Korea.[281] North Korea was one of the first countries to close borders due to COVID-19.[282] In February, wearing face masks was obligatory and visiting public places such as restaurants was forbidden. Ski resorts and spas were closed and military parades, marathons, and other public events were cancelled.[283]

On 31 March 2020, the Asia Times reported that North Korea's measures against the pandemic seemed largely successful.[284] Edwin Salvador, WHO's representative in North Korea, reported that as of 2 April, 709 people had been tested, with no confirmed cases, and 509 people were in quarantine.[281] On 23 April, US analyst website 38 North reported that North Korea's early and extensive response appeared to be successful in containing the virus.[285]

Some anonymous reports claimed that North Korea was ineffective in curbing the disease, and that an order was enacted to 'spot and shoot', so as to hide the cases being reported nationwide. Rumours also spread that first cases were reported when three soldiers were found infected, and that they were shot to death.[286]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Cities under "Imported" category has only active cases that are imported from outside Mainland China. In other words, there are currently no active local cases in these cities.
  2. ^ FJ: 33 in Fuzhou, 61 in Xiamen, 22 in Quanzhou, 1 in Zhangzhou, 1 in Ningde; 104 additional recovered: Specific location to be clarified.
  3. ^ GD: 25 (active) in Guangzhou, 3 (active) in Zhanjiang, 1 (active) in Foshan; 4 additional recovered: Specific location to be clarified.
  4. ^ GX: Specific location not differentiated.
  5. ^ HE: Specific location not differentiated.
  6. ^ HA: Specific location not differentiated.
  7. ^ NM: Specific location not differentiated.
  8. ^ JX: 2 in Nanchang
  9. ^ JL: 4 (0 active) in Changchun, 1 (0 active) in Meihekou, 12 (3 active) in Jilin City, 2 (0 active) in Yanbian
  10. ^ SC: 21 in Chengdu
  11. ^ Breakdown of confirmed cases is according to the COVID-19 Tracker of the Department of Health (DOH). Take note that the map may not reflect all affected localities. The methodology on how COVID-19 patients are recorded in a particular locality in the tracker is unclear and may vary. Cases under validation including cases among repatriates may not reflect on the map.
    • Other independent cities' cases are grouped with their geographically and statistically associated provinces (e.g. Puerto Princesa with Palawan, Zamboanga City with non-contiguous Zamboanga del Sur).
    • Cotabato City's cases are still considered as cases under the Soccsksargen region despite being part of Bangsamoro since the city has not yet formally been turned over to the Bangsamoro regional government at the time records began. For the purpose of the map, its cases are considered part of Maguindanao.
  12. ^ The patient arrived in the Philippines from Wuhan, China via Hong Kong on January 21 and sought consultation on January 25 after experiencing a mild cough.[189][190]
  1. ^ Data Protection Law number 6698[247] precludes the Turkish Ministry of Health from disclosing sensitive patient health information, interpreted broadly to include location during the pandemic.
  2. ^ Turkey's Article 11/C of the Law on Public Health authorizes only provinces to order quarantines, for a maximum period of 15 days. The national government is barred by the constitution from ordering lockdowns.[248]
Map Notes

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