COVID-19 pandemic in Equatorial Guinea

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COVID-19 pandemic in Equatorial Guinea
COVID Confirmed Cases Equatorial Guinea.png
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationEquatorial Guinea
First outbreakWuhan, China
Index caseMalabo
Arrival date14 March 2020
(1 year, 1 month, 3 weeks and 3 days)
Confirmed cases7,694 (as of 1 May)[1]
Active cases303 (as of 1 May)
Recovered7,279 (as of 1 May)
Deaths
112 (as of 1 May)

The COVID-19 pandemic in Equatorial Guinea is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Equatorial Guinea on 14 March 2020.[2] Equatorial Guinea has a weak healthcare system, leaving it vulnerable to an outbreak.[3]

Background[edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[4][5]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[6][7] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[8][6] Model-based simulations for Equatorial Guinea suggest that the 95% confidence interval for the time-varying reproduction number R t has been stable around 1.0 since October 2020.[9]

Timeline[edit]

March 2020[edit]

The country's first case was announced on 14 March, a 42-year-old woman in Malabo, who returned to Equatorial Guinea from Madrid.[2] Two further cases were confirmed on 17 March.[10]

On 22 March, the country declared a state of alarm, which was needed to facilitate the mobilization of economic and material resources needed to stem the spread of coronavirus. A special emergency fund was also created to curb the virus.[11]

As of 24 March, there were nine cases in the country, all imported. There were no confirmed cases of community spread in the country at the time.[12]

By the end of March there had been 14 confirmed cases. All 14 remained active at the end of the month.[13]

April 2020[edit]

During April there were 301 new cases, raising the total number of cases to 315. There was one death (20 April).[14] Nine patients recovered, leaving 305 active cases at the end of the month.[15]

May 2020[edit]

In May there were 991 new cases, bringing the total number of cases to 1306. The death toll rose to 12. There were 1094 active cases at the end of the month.[16] The number of recovered patients rose to 200.[17]

June 2020[edit]

On 3 June, the government asked the World Health Organization's representative, Dr Triphonie Nkurunziza, to leave the country, accusing her of having falsified COVID-19 data.[18]

There were 695 new cases in June, raising the total number of cases of 2001. The death toll rose to 32. The number of recovered patients increased by 315 to 515, leaving 1454 active cases at the end of the month.[19]

July 2020[edit]

In mid-July it was announced that regular reporting of data on COVID-19 cases would resume, having been halted four times in May, June and July due to concerns over alleged misinterpretations of data.[20][21]

In early July, over 100 Vietnamese workers contracted the virus while working at the Sendje hydropower plant project in Litoral province. On July 30, all 219 Vietnamese workers, 129 of them positive for coronavirus, have been flown home from Bata by a repatriation Vietnam Airlines flight.[22]

There were 2820 new cases in July, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 4821. The death toll rose to 83. The number of recovered patients more than quadrupled to 2182, leaving 2556 active cases at the end of the month (an increase by 76% from the end of June).[23]

August 2020[edit]

120 new cases were reported in August, bringing the total number of reported cases to 4941. No deaths were reported in August. There were 974 active cases at the end of the month.[24]

September 2020[edit]

There were 87 new cases in September, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5028. No deaths were reported in September. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 4740, leaving 205 active cases at the end of the month.[25]

October 2020[edit]

There were 60 new cases in October, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5088. No deaths were reported in October. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 4965, leaving 40 active cases at the end of the month.[26]

November 2020[edit]

There were 65 new cases in November, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5153. The reported death toll rose to 85. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 5009, leaving 59 active cases at the end of the month.[27]

December 2020[edit]

There were 124 new cases in December, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5277. The reported death toll rose to 86. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 5136, leaving 55 active cases at the end of the month.[28]

January 2021[edit]

There were 239 new cases in January, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5516. The reported death toll remained unchanged. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 5286, leaving 144 active cases at the end of the month.[29]

February 2021[edit]

There were 489 new cases in February, taking the total number of reported cases to 6005. The reported death toll rose to 91. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 5622, leaving 292 active cases at the end of the month.[30]

March 2021[edit]

There were 909 new cases in March, taking the total number of reported cases to 6914. The reported death toll rose to 102.[31]

April 2021[edit]

There were 780 new cases in April, taking the total number of reported cases to 7694. The reported death toll rose to 112.[32]

Response[edit]

The Africa Oil & Investment Forum was postponed.[33]

The Ministry of Mines and Hydrocarbons waived fees for service companies in order to alleviate the economic fallout from the pandemic.[34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Noticias de Guinea Ecuatorial , África y el mundo en AhoraEG". AhoraEG (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Equatorial Guinea announces first coronavirus case". Deccan Herald. 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. ^ Hoff, Madison. "Here are the 24 countries that are least ready for a pandemic". Business Insider. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  4. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  8. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  9. ^ Future scenarios of the healthcare burden of COVID-19 in low- or middle-income countries, MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis at Imperial College London.
  10. ^ "Three confirmed cases of coronavirus in Equatorial Guinea". Equatorial Guinea Press and Information Office. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  11. ^ "Equatorial Guinea declares state of alarm over COVID-19". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  12. ^ AfricaNews (24 March 2020). "Africa – Outbreak Brief #10: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic". Africanews. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 72" (PDF). World Health Organization. 1 April 2020. p. 8. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Salomón Nguema Owono reports first death due to coronavirus in Equatorial Guinea". Equatorial Guinea Press and Information Office. 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 102" (PDF). World Health Organization. 1 May 2020. p. 5. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Equatorial Guinea accuses WHO of inflating virus tally". Macau News Agency. 3 June 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Outbreak Brief #20: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic". Africa CDC. 2 June 2020. p. 2. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  18. ^ "WHO Representative for Equatorial Guinea is asked to leave country". World Health Organization. 4 June 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Outbreak Brief #24: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic". Africa CDC. 30 June 2020. p. 2. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Sanidad pone en marcha el relanzamiento del proceso de publicación de datos de covid-19 en Guinea Ecuatorial" (in Spanish). AhoraEG. 15 July 2020. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Press conference on publication of Covid-19 data in Equatorial Guinea". Equatorial Guinea Press and Information Office. 17 July 2020. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Vietnam brings 129 Covid-19 patients home from Equatorial Guinea". VnExpress.net. 30 July 2020. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  23. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 194" (PDF). World Health Organization. 1 August 2020. p. 4. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  24. ^ "Outbreak brief 33: COVID-19 pandemic – 1 September 2020". Africa CDC. 1 September 2020. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  25. ^ "COVID-19 situation update for the WHO African region. External situation report 31" (PDF). World Health Organization. 30 September 2020. p. 4. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  26. ^ "COVID-19 weekly epidemiological update". World Health Organization. 3 November 2020. p. 14. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  27. ^ "Outbreak brief 46: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic". Africa CDC. 1 December 2020. p. 3. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  28. ^ Diallo, Oumy (1 January 2021). "Coronavirus en Afrique : quels sont les pays impactés ?". TV5MONDE (in French). Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  29. ^ "COVID-19 weekly epidemiological update". World Health Organization. 2 February 2021. p. 15. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  30. ^ "Outbreak brief 59: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic". Africa CDC. 2 March 2021. p. 3. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  31. ^ "Covid-19: Africa with 349 more dead and 19,173 infected in the last 24 hours". Ver Angola. 1 April 2021. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  32. ^ "Covid-19: Africa with 402 more dead and 15,408 infected in the last 24 hours". Ver Angola. 30 April 2021. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  33. ^ Qekeleshe, Sihle (6 March 2020). "Equatorial Guinea Postpones Investment Conference". Africa Oil & Power. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  34. ^ "Equatorial Guinea offers Covid-19 relief to service outfits". Upstream Online | Latest oil and gas news. Retrieved 29 March 2020.