COVID-19 pandemic in Equatorial Guinea

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COVID-19 pandemic in Equatorial Guinea
COVID Confirmed Cases Equatorial Guinea.png
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationEquatorial Guinea
First outbreakWuhan, China
Index caseMalabo
Arrival date14 March 2020
(2 years, 5 months and 5 days)
Confirmed cases16,914[1] (updated 19 Aug 2022)
Deaths
183[1] (updated 19 Aug 2022)
VaccinationsUpdated 19 Aug 2022:
  • 270,109[1] (total vaccinated)
  • 214,032[1] (fully vaccinated)
  • 488,738[1] (doses administered)

The COVID-19 pandemic in Equatorial Guinea is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Equatorial Guinea on 14 March 2020.[2] Equatorial Guinea has a weak healthcare system, leaving it vulnerable to an outbreak.[3]

Background[edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[4][5]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[6][7] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[8][6] Model-based simulations for Equatorial Guinea suggest that the 95% confidence interval for the time-varying reproduction number R t has been stable around 1.0 since October 2020.[9]

Timeline[edit]

March 2020[edit]

  • The country's first case was announced on 14 March, a 42-year-old woman in Malabo, who returned to Equatorial Guinea from Madrid.[2] Two further cases were confirmed on 17 March.[10]
  • On 22 March, the country declared a state of alarm, which was needed to facilitate the mobilization of economic and material resources needed to stem the spread of coronavirus. A special emergency fund was also created to curb the virus.[11]
  • As of 24 March, there were nine cases in the country, all imported. There were no confirmed cases of community spread in the country at the time.[12]
  • By the end of March there had been 14 confirmed cases. All 14 remained active at the end of the month.[13]

April to June 2020[edit]

  • During April there were 301 new cases, raising the total number of cases to 315. There was one death (20 April).[14] Nine patients recovered, leaving 305 active cases at the end of the month.[15]
  • In May there were 991 new cases, bringing the total number of cases to 1306. The death toll rose to 12. There were 1094 active cases at the end of the month.[16] The number of recovered patients rose to 200.[17]
  • On 3 June, the government asked the World Health Organization's representative, Dr Triphonie Nkurunziza, to leave the country, accusing her of having falsified COVID-19 data.[18]
  • There were 695 new cases in June, raising the total number of cases of 2001. The death toll rose to 32. The number of recovered patients increased by 315 to 515, leaving 1454 active cases at the end of the month.[19]

July to September 2020[edit]

  • In mid-July it was announced that regular reporting of data on COVID-19 cases would resume, having been halted four times in May, June and July due to concerns over alleged misinterpretations of data.[20][21]
  • There were 2820 new cases in July, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 4821. The death toll rose to 83. The number of recovered patients more than quadrupled to 2182, leaving 2556 active cases at the end of the month (an increase by 76% from the end of June).[23]
  • 120 new cases were reported in August, bringing the total number of reported cases to 4941. No deaths were reported in August. There were 974 active cases at the end of the month.[24]
  • There were 87 new cases in September, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5028. No deaths were reported in September. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 4740, leaving 205 active cases at the end of the month.[25]

October to December 2020[edit]

  • There were 60 new cases in October, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5088. No deaths were reported in October. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 4965, leaving 40 active cases at the end of the month.[26]
  • There were 65 new cases in November, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5153. The reported death toll rose to 85. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 5009, leaving 59 active cases at the end of the month.[27]
  • There were 124 new cases in December, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5277. The reported death toll rose to 86. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 5136, leaving 55 active cases at the end of the month.[28]

January to March 2021[edit]

  • There were 239 new cases in January, bringing the total number of reported cases to 5516. The reported death toll remained unchanged. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 5286, leaving 144 active cases at the end of the month.[29]
  • Vaccination started on 15 February, initially with 100,000 doses of the Sinopharm BIBP vaccine donated by China. There were 489 new cases in February, taking the total number of reported cases to 6005. The reported death toll rose to 91. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 5622, leaving 292 active cases at the end of the month.[30]
  • There were 909 new cases in March, taking the total number of reported cases to 6914. The reported death toll rose to 102.[31]

April to June 2021[edit]

  • There were 780 new cases in April, taking the total number of reported cases to 7694. The reported death toll rose to 112.[32] By the end of April, 75518 persons had received their first inoculation.
  • There were 835 new cases in May, taking the total number of reported cases to 8529. The reported death toll rose to 118.[33]
  • There were 205 new cases in June, taking the total number of reported cases to 8734. The reported death toll rose to 121.[34]

July to September 2021[edit]

  • There were 146 new cases in July, taking the total number of reported cases to 8880. The reported death toll rose to 123. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 8637, leaving 120 active cases at the end of the month.[35]
  • There were 597 new cases in August, taking the total number of reported cases to 9477. The reported death toll rose to 126. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 8879, leaving 472 active cases at the end of the month.[36]
  • There were 2885 new cases in September, raising the total number of reported cases to 12362. The reported death toll rose to 147. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 11008, leaving 1207 active cases at the end of the month.

October to December 2021[edit]

  • There were 1008 new cases in October, bringing the total number of reported cases to 13368. The reported death toll rose to 167. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 12693, leaving 508 active cases at the end of the month.[37]
  • There were 224 new cases in November, bringing the total number of reported cases to 13592. The reported death toll rose to 175. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 13343, leaving 74 active cases at the end of the month.[38]
  • There were 118 new cases in December, bringing the total number of reported cases to 13710. The reported death toll remained unchanged. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 13410, leaving 125 active cases at the end of the month.[39] Modeling carried out by the WHO’s Regional Office Africa suggests that due to under-reporting, the true cumulative number of infections was around 0.64 million while the true number of COVID-19 deaths was around 362.[40]

January to March 2022[edit]

  • There were 2434 new cases in January, bringing the total number of reported cases to 15802. The reported death toll rose to 182. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 15200, leaving 420 active cases at the end of the month.[41]
  • There were 75 new cases in February, bringing the total number of reported cases to 15877. The reported death toll remained unchanged. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 15653, leaving 42 active cases at the end of the month.[42]
  • There were 26 new cases in March, bringing the total number of reported cases to 15903. The reported death toll rose to 183. The reported number of recovered patient increased to 15693, leaving 127 active cases at the end of the month.

April to June 2022[edit]

  • There were four new cases in April, bringing the total number of reported cases to 15907. The reported death toll remained unchanged. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 15698, leaving 26 active cases at the end of the month.[43]
  • There were 14 new cases in May, bringing the total number of reported cases to 15921. The reported death toll remained unchanged.[44]
  • There were 166 new cases in June, bringing the total number of reported cases to 16087. The reported death toll remained unchanged. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 15748, leaving 133 active cases at the end of the month.[45]

July to September 2022[edit]

  • There were 654 new cases in July, bringing the total number of reported cases to 16741. The reported death toll remained unchanged. The reported number of recovered patients increased to 16406, leaving 152 active cases at the end of the month.[46]

Statistics[edit]

Confirmed new cases per day[edit]

Confirmed deaths per day[edit]

Response[edit]

The Africa Oil & Investment Forum was postponed.[47]

The Ministry of Mines and Hydrocarbons waived fees for service companies in order to alleviate the economic fallout from the pandemic.[48]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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