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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Maharashtra

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Maharashtra
India Maharashtra COVID-19 map.svg
Map of districts with confirmed cases (as of 2 April)
  30+ confirmed cases
  10–29 confirmed cases
  1–9 confirmed cases
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationMaharashtra, India
Index casePune
Arrival date9 March 2020
(4 weeks)
Confirmed cases868
Recovered66
Deaths
52
Territories
25 districts: Ahmednagar, Amravati, Aurangabad, Buldhana, Gondia, Hingoli, Jalgaon, Jalna, Kolhapur, Latur, Mumbai City, Mumbai Suburban, Nagpur, Nashik, Osmanabad, Palghar, Pune, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Sangli, Satara, Sindhudurg, Thane, Washim, Yavatmal
Official website
arogya.maharashtra.gov.in
Public Health Department, Maharashtra

The first case of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed in the Indian state of Maharashtra on 9 March 2020. The state has confirmed a total of 868 cases, including 52 deaths and 66 recoveries, as of 6 April 2020.

More than two-thirds of the cases in the state have emerged from the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). Mumbai and Pune are among 10 coronavirus hotspots in the country identified by the Government of India.[1]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Maharashtra, India  ()
     Deaths        Active cases

Mar Mar Apr Apr Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
2020-03-09
2
2020-03-10
5(+3)
2020-03-11
11(+6)
2020-03-12
11(=)
2020-03-13
19(+8)
2020-03-14
31(+12)
2020-03-15
33(+2)
2020-03-16
39(+6)
2020-03-17
41(+2)
2020-03-18
45(+4)
2020-03-19
48(+3)
2020-03-20
52(+4)
2020-03-21
64(+12)
2020-03-22
74(+10)
2020-03-23
97(+23)
2020-03-24
107(+10)
2020-03-25
122(+15)
2020-03-26
130(+8)
2020-03-27
153(+23)
2020-03-28
186(+33)
2020-03-29
203(+17)
2020-03-30
220(+17)
2020-03-31
302(+82)
2020-04-01
335(+33)
2020-04-02
423(+88)
2020-04-03
490(+67)
2020-04-04
635(+145)
2020-04-05
748(+113)
2020-04-06
868(+120)
Source: arogya.maharashtra.gov.in

March

  • The first confirmed case of coronavirus in Maharashtra was reported on 9 March 2020 in Pune, where a couple returning from Dubai tested positive.[2] The next day, three more people in the city who had come in contact with the couple tested positive. All five of them were admitted to Naidu Hospital.[3]
  • On 11 March, two people in Mumbai who were linked to the Pune couple tested positive.[4] The toll increased to 11 later in the day, after three more people in Pune and one in Nagpur, who returned from the United States, were confirmed to be infected.[5]
  • On 13 March, the Nagpur patient's wife and friend were also diagnosed with the virus. The toll in Pune reached 10 after another United States-returned person tested positive.[6] A man in Ahmednagar, who had travel history to Dubai, tested positive.[7]
  • On 14 March, another Nagpur man who had travelled to the United States with the first confirmed case in the city was also diagnosed with the virus.[8] One case in Mumbai and three from adjoining areas (Vashi, Kamothe, Kalyan) were reported. Samples of two people in Yavatmal who returned from Dubai tested positive.[9][10] Five confirmed cases were reported from Pimpri-Chinchwad.[11]
  • On 15 March, a woman in Aurangabad who had been to Russia and Kazakhstan was confirmed to have contracted the virus, taking the state-wide total to 32.[12] Later in the day, a man in Pimpri-Chinchwad who had travelled to Dubai and Japan tested positive.[13]
  • The count rose to 37 on 16 March, with three confirmed case in Mumbai and one in Navi Mumbai;[14] the Mumbai cases included a three-year-old child and her mother, who had contracted it from the child's father who had returned from the US.[15] A woman in Yavatmal, who had earlier tested negative and placed in isolation ward, tested positive for the virus; another youth in Pune who had also visited Dubai was diagnosed with the virus.[16]
  • Maharashtra's first death linked to the virus was reported on 17 March, after a 64-year-old man died at the Kasturba Hospital in Mumbai.[17] Two confirmed cases were reported during the day, one in Mumbai and the other in Pimpri-Chinchwad, both of whom had returned from the United States.[18]
  • On 18 March, a woman in her late 20s, who had a travel history to France and the Netherlands, tested positive in Pune.[19] A 68-year-old woman in Mumbai, linked to a confirmed case from the city, tested positive.[20] The count rose to 45 after one case each was reported in Pimpri-Chinchwad and Ratnagiri, the former having travelled to the Philippines, Singapore, and Sri Lanka whereas the latter reportedly visited Dubai.[21]
  • Maharashtra announced three new cases on 19 March—a Mumbai woman who had come back from London, a man from Ahmednagar and a woman from Ulhasnagar, both of whom had been to Dubai.[22]
  • On 20 March, three confirmed cases were reported in Mumbai, Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad. Five patients recovered completely and discharged later in the day.[23]
  • The state officials reported 12 new cases on 21 March, including 8 in Mumbai, 2 in Pune and 1 each in Kalyan and Yavatmal.[24]
  • On 22 March, the state reported its second casualty of the virus, with the death of a 63-year-old man in Mumbai. It also confirmed 10 positive cases (6 in Mumbai and 4 in Pune), taking the statewide total to 74.[25]
  • On 23 March, a citizen of the Philippines, who had recovered from the virus, died in Mumbai, but state health officials deemed the cause of death to be renal failure. The total cases in the state rose sharply to 97 with 13 cases in Mumbai, 4 in Sangli, 3 in Thane, 1 each in Pune, Vasai and Satara.[26]
  • On 24 March, the state reported 10 new cases (5 in Mumbai, 3 in Pune, and 1 each in Satara district and Ahmednagar district) making the state tally stand at 107.[27][28] The state reported its third death during the day when a 65-year-old man from Ahmedabad with travel history to the UAE died in Mumbai.[29]
  • On 25 March, Maharashtra's positive patients count reached 122 as five people of the same family in Sangli district and ten people in Mumbai were diagnosed with the virus.[30]
  • On 26 March, two deaths due to the virus were reported (a 65-year-old woman in Mumbai and a woman from Navi Mumbai).[31] Sindhudurg district and Kolhapur district reported their first cases on 26 March. Apart from these two cases, three people in Sangli and one person each in Mumbai, Thane and Pune also tested positive.[32][33]
  • The state's Vidarbha region reported five fresh cases on 27 March, four in Nagpur and one in Gondia district.[34] Later, 12 more people in Sangli were confirmed to have contracted the virus from the city's infected family.[35] The count reached 153 after three people in Mumbai, two in Thane and one in Palghar tested positive.[36]
  • On 28 March, state officials confirmed 22 cases in Mumbai, 2 in Nagpur, and four from Mumbai's surrounding areas of Navi Mumbai, Palghar and Vasai-Virar. An 85-year-old doctor in Mumbai who died on 27 March was confirmed to be the sixth casualty of the virus in Maharashtra.[37] Five more cases were reported in the evening: four in Pune and one in Jalgaon, taking the tally to 186.[38]
  • The death toll reached 8 on 29 March, as a Mumbai woman aged 40, and a 45-year-old man in Buldhana died. The total number of confirmed cases rose to 203.[39]
  • On 30 March, Pune reported its first death, that of a 52-year-old man, while a 78-year-old person died in Mumbai. State health officials announced that 17 more people tested positive: 8 in Mumbai, 5 in Pune, 2 in Nagpur and 1 each in Kolhapur and Nashik.[40]
  • On 31 March, there were five new cases in Mumbai, three in Pune and two in Buldhana.[41] Later in the day, 72 more cases were confirmed across the state, including 59 in Mumbai, 3 in Ahmednagar, 2 each in Pune, Thane, Navi Mumbai, Vasai-Virar and Kalyan-Dombivli. A 50-year-old man in Palghar and a 75-year-old man in Mumbai became the 11th and 12th casualties of the virus.[42][43]

April

  • The total number of confirmed cases increased to 335 on 1 April, with 30 people in Mumbai, 2 in Pune and 1 in Buldhana testing positive.[44] The death toll rose to 16 after 4 people, including one in Dharavi,[45] succumbed to the virus in Mumbai.[46]
  • On 2 April, Maharashtra reported 88 new cases, taking the total to 423. These included 54 in Mumbai, 9 in other parts of MMR, 8 in Pune, 3 in Pimpri-Chinchwad, 9 in Ahmednagar, 2 in Aurangabad and 1 each in Buldhana, Satara and Osmanabad. Four more people died of the virus in Mumbai.[47]
  • On 3 April, the tally rose to 490, with 43 cases in Mumbai, 10 in surrounding areas of MMR, 9 in Pune, 3 in Ahmednagar, 1 each in Washim and Ratnagiri. With six more deaths being reported during the day, the death toll stood at 26.[48]
  • On 4 April, tally grew to 635, with 101 cases in Mumbai, 22 in surrounding areas of MMR, 12 in Pune, 8 in Latur, 2 in Osmanabad, 1 each in Hingoli, Nagpur and Amravati. There were six more deaths during the day, including four in Mumbai.[49]
  • On 5 April, 13 more deaths were announced by the health department–8 in Mumbai, 3 in Pune, 1 in Kalyan-Dombivli and 1 in Aurangabad. In addition, 113 confirmed cases were reported, taking the count to 748.[50]
  • A 30-year-old nine-months-pregnant woman from Vasai-Virar was one of the 7 deaths reported on 6 April, as the state's death toll went past 50. In addition, 120 fresh positive cases were confirmed across the state, with the majority of them coming from Mumbai (68) and Pune (41).[51]

Response and impact

Major actions (statewide, unless mentioned otherwise)
9 March First case confirmed in the state
13 March

Declaration of epidemic in five cities;

Closure of commercial and educational establishments
14 March Ban on public gatherings and events
20 March Closure of all workplaces barring essential services
22 March Imposition of Section 144 and lockdown
23 March Curfew and border seal-off in all districts
25 March Nationwide lockdown

On 13 March, the Government of Maharashtra declared the outbreak an epidemic in the cities of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Pune, Pimpri-Chinchwad and Nagpur, and invoked provisions of Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 which enabled it to forcibly hospitalise anyone with suspected symptoms. Commercial establishments such as movie halls, malls, swimming pools and gyms were shut across the state as a precaution.[52][53] Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Uddhav Thackeray, issued a ban on all public gatherings and functions.[54] Pune Municipal Corporation decided to close all public gardens and Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park, effective from 14 March, to contain the spread of the virus.[55]

Thackeray announced that the number of testing labs and their capacities would be increased, as will the capacity of quarantine facilities.[56] On 16 March, the Government of Maharashtra allocated 45 crore to the districts with confirmed cases.[57]

After many suspected patients fled from isolation wards of hospitals, the state government directed officials at hospitals and airports to stamp the left hand of people placed under 14-day home quarantine with details of their quarantine period using indelible ink, so as to easily identify them. It also announced that those who violate the quarantine will be isolated at a government facility.[58]

On 17 March, Section 144 was imposed in Nagpur and Nashik.[59]

On 18 March, the Federation of Trade Association of Pune announced that all shops, barring grocery stores and pharmacies, will be shut in the city, resulting in the closure of up to 40,000 shops.[60] Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) announced that shops and commercial establishments across several wards in Mumbai would be closed on alternate days, in order to implement social distancing and crowd management.[61] On 19 March, the dabbawalas in Mumbai suspended their services until 31 March.[62]

On 20 March, Thackeray announced that all workplaces, excluding essential services and public transport, in Mumbai, Mumbai Metropolitan Region, Pune, Pimpri-Chinchwad and Nagpur will be closed until 31 March. He also urged people of the state to not step out of the house without the necessity of doing so.[63]

On 22 March, Thackeray declared that Section 144 would be imposed across the state, with effect from 23 March, sending the state into lockdown.[64] On 23 March, he announced that borders of all the districts will be closed, and a strict curfew will be implemented statewide.[65]

On 26 March, BMC started marking pitches, one metre away from each other, outside grocery stores, fruits and vegetables shops in the city, in order to maintain social distancing. This model was first implemented in Pune on 24 March.[66]

Islampur in Sangli and Worli Kolivada in Mumbai were sealed off completely to avoid community transmission.[67][68]

Transport

Over 20,000 bus services of Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation were cancelled since 11 March, which caused the organisation losses of 3 crore by 17 March.[69] Indian Railways cancelled 23 trains from the state in order to prevent the spread of the virus to other states.[70]

Government of Telangana implemented screening of people entering the state of Telangana from Maharashtra at four entry points.[71] Government of Madhya Pradesh suspended all bus services between Indore and Maharashtra until 31 March.[72]

On 22 March, the Indian Railways announced that the Mumbai Suburban Railway will be closed between 22 and 31 March. Mumbai Monorail and Mumbai Metro services were also cancelled until the end of the month. Thackeray announced that state-run and private bus services will be suspended for the general public until further notice.[64][73]

Tourism

Tourist spots in the state like Ajanta and Ellora Caves in Aurangabad district, Elephanta Island in Raigad district and Gateway of India in Mumbai reportedly witnessed a sharp decline in the number of visitors.[74] Hotel, cab and private bus businesses in the state also reported a high number of booking cancellations in March.[75]

Amidst a surge in confirmed cases across the state, the health officials declared that several tourist and religious sites will be closed down as a precautionary measure. These sites included Siddhivinayak Temple in Mumbai, Tulja Bhavani Temple in Osmanabad district, Ajanta and Ellora Caves in Aurangabad district, Dagadusheth Halwai Ganapati Temple in Pune, Mumba Devi Temple in Mumbai and Saibaba Temple in Shirdi. Entry restrictions were also enforced at Mantralaya, Mumbai.[76][77] Mumbai Police placed a ban on all group tours in the city until 31 March.[78]

Economic effects

The virus outbreak had a significant impact on the automobile sector in the state, according to a CNBC TV18 article on 21 March. Bajaj Auto closed down its manufacturing facilities in Akurdi and Chakan until 30 March, while Tata Motors scaled down operations in its Pune plant. Eicher Motors and Ashok Leyland shut down components plant in Thane and Bhandara respectively. Mercedes-Benz suspended operations at its Chakan facility until 31 March.[79] Fiat, Force Motors and JCB also announced suspension of operations at units in Ranjangaon, Akurdi and Chakan respectively, until 31 March.[80] Mahindra & Mahindra also declared that it would suspend manufacturing at its Nagpur plant and production at its Chakan and Kandivali units, starting from 23 March.[81]

According to a 17 March article in the Indian Express, the economy of Mumbai was projected to suffer losses worth at least 16,000 crore per month in the service sector, as a result of the outbreak. In addition, it predicted that the city's tourism industry would lose 2,200 crore per month from international tourists.[82]

The entertainment industry in the state also suffered financially, with several Bollywood films postponing release dates or halting production, causing an "acute financial crunch" for many members of the Federation of Western India Cine Employees.[83] Bollywood films were estimated to lose box office revenue of over 1,300 crore due to the lockdown.[84]

On 30 March, the state government slashed electricity tariff by an average of 8 percent for a period of five years in order to minimize the economic impact of the outbreak on industries.[85] Deputy Chief Minister and Finance Minister, Ajit Pawar, announced that the March salaries of all elected representatives (MLAs, MLCs and Chief Minister) would be cut by 60 percent, while some of the government employees will also see 25 to 50 percent salary cuts due to the economic crisis arising from outbreak and lockdown.[86]

Testing

Until mid-March, the state had three testing facilities, which also tested samples from some other states for confirmation, viz. National Institute of Virology in Pune, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College & Hospital in Nagpur and Kasturba Hospital in Mumbai.[87] By 5 April, the state had 15 government labs and 12 private labs approved by the Indian Council of Medical Research set up across the state.[88][89]

Statistics

District Total cases Recovered Deaths Notes
Mumbai City + Mumbai Suburban[a] 526 30 34
Thane + Palghar[b] 85 0 9 Navi Mumbai (22) ‡,[90] Kalyan-Dombivli (21),[91] Thane (16),[92] Vasai-Virar (12),[93][94] Mira-Bhayandar (6),[95] Badlapur (1), Palghar (1), Ulhasnagar (1)
Total in Mumbai Metropolitan Region 611 30 43
Pune 141 25 5
Sangli 25 0 0
Ahmednagar 23 2 0
Nagpur 17 4 0
Aurangabad 10 1 1
Latur 8 0 0
Buldhana 5 0 1
Satara 5 0 0
Yavatmal 4 3 0
Osmanabad 3 0 0
Jalgaon 2 0 1
Kolhapur 2 0 0
Nashik 2 0 0
Ratnagiri 2 1 0
Amravati 1 0 1
Gondia 1 0 0
Hingoli 1 0 0
Jalna 1 0 0
Sindhudurg 1 0 0
Washim 1 0 0
Total (all districts) 868 66 52
‡ includes cases from Panvel (in Raigad district)
As of 6 April 2020.
Source: arogya.maharashtra.gov.in, Public Health Department, Maharashtra and news reports
[44][96]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ State authorities have been reporting numbers from the whole city
  2. ^ State authorities have been reporting combined numbers from the two districts as "Thane division"

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