COVID-19 pandemic in Rwanda

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COVID-19 pandemic in Rwanda
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationRwanda
First outbreakWuhan, China
Index caseKigali
Arrival date14 March 2020
(1 year, 1 month, 3 weeks and 2 days)
Confirmed cases24,262 (as of 22 April)[1]
Active cases1,285 (as of 22 April)
Recovered22,649 (as of 22 April)
Deaths
328 (as of 22 April)

The COVID-19 pandemic in Rwanda is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Rwanda in March 2020.

hands sanitization
students in Rwanda, sanitizing before entering classrooms in the prevention of covid-19

Background[edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[2][3]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[4][5] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[6][4] Model-based simulations for Rwanda indicate that the 95% confidence interval for the time-varying reproduction number R t exceeded 1.0 in November and December 2020.[7]

Timeline[edit]

March 2020[edit]

The first case of COVID-19 in Rwanda was confirmed on 14 March 2020.[8] Four other people were tested after the first case tested positive, bringing the number of cases to five.[9]

By 16 March, Rwanda confirmed two more cases in Kigali, bringing the total number of cases in the country to seven.[10] In an attempt to stop the spread of coronavirus, the Rwandan Ministry of Health announced on 18 March, via Twitter, that all international commercial passenger flights would be suspended for 30 days, with effect from 20 March.[11] Less than a day later, on 21 March, officials announced a two-week lockdown. Both public and private employees are to work from home, under strict measures. All borders are also to be closed, cargo and Rwandan nationals being exempt, with a mandatory 14-day quarantine.[12][13]

On 28 March, the Ministry of Health recorded six new COVID-19 cases, taking the total of those diagnosed with the virus to 60.[14]

By the end of March there were 75 confirmed cases, no deaths and no recoveries.[15]

Sanitizing a passenger at a bus park as onr of the meaures in prevention of covid-19 in Rwanda.

April 2020[edit]

On 9 April, three new cases of coronavirus were identified, out of 720 samples examined in the previous 24 hours. This brought the total number of confirmed cases to 113 people (of which seven had recovered).[16]

In April there were 168 new cases, bringing the total number of cases to 243. 104 patients recovered, leaving 139 active cases at the end of the month.[17]

May 2020[edit]

On 31 May, the first death was confirmed.[18] The number of confirmed cases stood at 370 (up by 127 from the end of April). The number of recovered patients increased by 152 to 256, leaving 113 active cases.[19]

June 2020[edit]

A cluster of cases in the Rusizi District of western Rwanda, on the border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, caused the number of confirmed cases to spike. This, together with a smaller cluster in the Rusumo on the eastern border with Tanzania, sent the number of confirmed cases from 370 at the end of May, to 572 by 14 June.[20]

During June there were 655 new cases, raising the total number of cases to 1025. The death toll doubled to 2. The number of recovered patients increased by 191 to 447, leaving 576 active cases at the end of the month.[21]

July 2020[edit]

Rwanda was the only sub-Saharan state listed whose citizens and residents are able to travel to the European Union from July.[22]

There were 997 new cases in July, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 2022. The death toll more than doubled to 5. The number of recovered patients increased by 659 to 1106, leaving 911 active cases at the end of the month (an increase by 58% from the end of June).[23]

August 2020[edit]

In August, the number of confirmed cases more than doubled to 4063 with 1941 new cases. The death toll more than tripled to 16. At the end of the month there were 2034 active cases, more than twice as many as the end of July.[24]

September 2020[edit]

There were 773 new cases in September, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 4836. The death toll rose to 29. The number of recovered patients increased to 3125, leaving 1682 active cases at the end of the month.[25]

October 2020[edit]

There were 301 new cases in October, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 5137. The death toll rose to 35. The number of recovered patients increased to 4879, leaving 223 active cases at the end of the month.[26]

November 2020[edit]

There were 797 new cases in November, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 5934. The death toll rose to 49. The number of recovered patients increased to 5516, leaving 369 active cases at the end of the month.[27]

December 2020[edit]

There were 2449 new cases in December, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 8383. The death toll rose to 92. The number of recovered patients increased to 6542, leaving 1749 active cases at the end of the month.[28]

January 2021[edit]

There were 6921 new cases in January, taking the total number of confirmed cases to 15304. The death toll more than doubled to 196. The number of recovered patients increased to 10087, leaving 5021 active cases at the end of the month.[29]

With the spike in COVID-19 infections, the decision was made on 15 January to postpone the 2021 Tour du Rwanda, the largest and most popular professional road cycling race in the country, from the end of February to the beginning of May.[30]

February 2021[edit]

There were 3546 new cases in February, taking the total number of confirmed cases to 18850. The death toll rose to 261. The number of recovered patients increased to 17313, leaving 1276 active cases at the end of the month.[31]

March 2021[edit]

Mass vaccination commenced on 5 March, initially with 240,000 doses of AstraZeneca's Covishield vaccine and 102,960 doses of the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine.[32]

There were 2933 new cases in March, taking the total number of confirmed cases to 21783. The death toll rose to 307. The number of recovered patients increased to 20182, leaving 1294 active cases at the end of the month. 348,926 persons were vaccinated in March.[33]

April 2021[edit]

There were 3333 new cases in April, taking the total number of confirmed cases to 25116. The death toll rose to 335. The number of recovered patients increased to 23234, leaving 1547 active cases at the end of the month. 945 persons were vaccinated in April, bringing the total number to 349,871.[34]

Government reaction[edit]

In addition to the lockdown measures taken in March (see above), Rwanda National Police on 12 April announced the usage of drones to deliver messages to local communities on how to combat the coronavirus.[35]

In January 2021 additional restrictions were introduced in Kigali.[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rwanda Coronavirus - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  2. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  6. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ Future scenarios of the healthcare burden of COVID-19 in low- or middle-income countries, MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis at Imperial College London.
  8. ^ "Rwanda confirms first case of coronavirus - health ministry". Reuters. 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Abanduye coronavirus mu Rwanda babaye batanu". BBC News Gahuza (in Kinyarwanda). 16 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Rwanda confirms seventh coronavirus case". The East African. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  11. ^ Mbabazi, Eunniah (19 March 2020). "Rwanda Suspends All International Flights". kenyanwallstreet.com. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Rwanda in lockdown to contain coronavirus". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Rwanda steps up efforts to beat coronavirus". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  14. ^ Kuteesa, Hudson (28 March 2020). "Rwanda COVID-19 cases increase to 60; all patients recovering well". The New Times. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation 72" (PDF). World Health Organization. 1 April 2020. p. 8. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Coronavirus - Rwanda : Mise à jour sur le coronavirus COVID-19 - 9 avril 2020". Alwihda Info - Actualités TCHAD, Afrique, International (in French). Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  17. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 102" (PDF). World Health Organization. 1 May 2020. p. 5. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  18. ^ Uwiringiyimana, Clement; Miriri, Duncan; Donovan, Kirsten (31 May 2020). "Rwanda reports its first death from the new coronavirus". Reuters. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 133" (PDF). World Health Organization. 1 June 2020. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Cluster of Covid-19 cases in western Rwanda continue to cause new infections". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  21. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 163" (PDF). World Health Organization. 1 July 2020. p. 7. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Rwanda's Covid-19 response: A great indicator of a strong state". The New Times - Rwanda. 6 July 2020. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  23. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 194" (PDF). World Health Organization. 1 August 2020. p. 5. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  24. ^ "Outbreak brief 33: COVID-19 pandemic – 1 September 2020". Africa CDC. 1 September 2020. p. 3. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  25. ^ "COVID-19 situation update for the WHO African region. External situation report 31" (PDF). World Health Organization. 30 September 2020. p. 4. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  26. ^ "COVID-19 weekly epidemiological update". World Health Organization. 3 November 2020. p. 14. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  27. ^ Mutanganshuro, Lavie (30 November 2020). "Covid-19: Rwanda registers another fatality". The New Times. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  28. ^ Diallo, Oumy (1 January 2021). "Coronavirus en Afrique : quels sont les pays impactés ?" (in French). Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  29. ^ "Update COVID-19 31 January 2021". World Health Organization. 1 February 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  30. ^ Nsabimana, Eddie (15 January 2021). "Covid-19: Tour du Rwanda 2021 postponed to May". The New Times. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  31. ^ "Outbreak brief 59: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic". Africa CDC. 2 March 2021. p. 3. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  32. ^ "First Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines to Africa under COVAX go to Rwanda". Reuters. 3 March 2021. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  33. ^ "Coronavirus - Rwanda: COVID-19 update (31 March 2021)". APO Group. 1 April 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  34. ^ "Coronavirus - Rwanda: COVID-19 update (30 April 2021)". APO Group. 1 May 2021. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  35. ^ Ashimwe, Edwin (12 April 2020). "Rwanda deploys drones to raise Covid-19 awareness in communities". www.newtimes.co.rw. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  36. ^ @PrimatureRwanda (18 January 2021). "Statement on Cabinet Resolutions of 18/01/2021" (Tweet). Retrieved 23 January 2021 – via Twitter.