2020 coronavirus pandemic in Spain

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Spain
COVID-19 outbreak Spain per capita cases map.svg
Number of confirmed cases per million inhabitants by autonomous community
COVID-19 Cases in Spain by Community.svg
Number of confirmed cases by autonomous community (as of 26 March):
  Confirmed 1–99
  Confirmed 100–499
  Confirmed 500–999
  Confirmed 1,000–4,999
  Confirmed 5,000–9,999
  Confirmed ≥10,000
COVID-19 outbreak Spain per capita map.svg
Number of confirmed cases per million inhabitants by province (as of 26 March):
  No data available
  Confirmed <50
  Confirmed 50-99
  Confirmed 100–249
  Confirmed 250–499
  Confirmed 500–999
  Confirmed 1,000-2,999
  Confirmed ≥3,000
The Government of Catalonia does not give data at provincial level
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSpain
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1][2]
Index caseLa Gomera, Canary Islands[3]
Arrival date31 January 2020
(1 month and 4 weeks)
Confirmed cases65,719[4]
Recovered9,357[4]
Deaths
5,138[4]

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Spain on 31 January 2020, when a German tourist tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 in La Gomera, Canary Islands.[3]

On 24 February, following a COVID-19 outbreak in Italy, Spain confirmed multiple cases related to the Italian clusters, originating from a medical doctor from Lombardy, Italy, who was on holiday in Tenerife.[5] Afterwards, multiple COVID-19 cases were detected in Tenerife involving people who had come in contact with the doctor. Other cases involving individuals who visited Italy were also discovered in mainland Spain.[6][7][8]

As of 27 March 2020, there have been 65,719 confirmed cases with 9,357 recoveries and 5,138 deaths in Spain according to authorities.[4] At least 4,165 hospitalised people are in intensive care and more than 350,000 tests for COVID-19 have been conducted.[4][9] Since 13 March 2020, there have been registered cases in the 50 provinces of the country. Only on the islands of La Graciosa (Canary Islands) and Formentera (Balearic Islands) have there been no registered positive cases.[4] On 25 March 2020, the death toll in Spain surpassed that of mainland China; only Italy has a higher death toll globally.[10]

Timeline[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Spain  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-01-31
1(n.a.)
1(=)
2020-02-09
2(+100%)
2(=)
2020-02-13
3(+50%[i]) 1(n.a.)
3(=) 1(=)
2020-02-24
4(+33%) 1(=)
2020-02-25
10(+150%) 1(=)
2020-02-26
14(+40%) 1(=)
2020-02-27
26(+86%) 1(=)
2020-02-28
34(+31%) 1(=)
2020-02-29
59(+74%) 1(=)
2020-03-01
85(+44%) 1(=)
2020-03-02
121(+42%) 1(=)
2020-03-03
166(+37%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-04
228(+37%) 2(=)
2020-03-05
282(+24%) 3(+50%)
2020-03-06
401(+42%) 8(+167%)
2020-03-07
525(+31%) 10(+25%)
2020-03-08
674(+28%) 17(+70%)
2020-03-09
1,231(+83%) 30(+76%)
2020-03-10
1,695(+38%) 36(+20%)
2020-03-11
2,277(+34%) 55(+53%)
2020-03-12
3,146(+38%) 86(+56%)
2020-03-13
5,232(+66%) 133(+55%)
2020-03-14
6,391(+22%) 196(+47%)
2020-03-15
7,988(+25%) 294(+50%)
2020-03-16
9,942(+24%) 342(+16%)
2020-03-17
11,826(+19%) 533(+56%)
2020-03-18
14,769(+25%) 638(+20%)
2020-03-19
18,077(+22%) 833(+31%)
2020-03-20
21,571(+19%) 1,093(+31%)
2020-03-21
25,496(+18%) 1,381(+26%)
2020-03-22
29,909(+17%) 1,813(+31%)
2020-03-23
35,480(+19%) 2,342(+29%)
2020-03-24
42,058(+19%) 2,994(+28%)
2020-03-25
50,105(+19%) 3,650(+22%)
2020-03-26
57,786(+15%) 4,368(+20%)
2020-03-27
65,719(+14%[ii]) 5,138(+18%[ii])
Sources:

Notes:

  1. ^ The data from 2020-02-13 to 2020-03-03 include one case of a Valencian man who died from the virus on 2020-02-13 but was only posthumously confirmed as infected on 2020-03-04.
  2. ^ a b Data corresponding to a current day, which may be subject to further updating.

On 31 January 2020, Spain confirmed its first COVID-19 case in La Gomera, Canary Islands. A tourist from Germany tested positive and was admitted to University Hospital of the Nuestra Señora de Candelaria.[3][11][12]

February[edit]

On 9 February, the second case involved a British male tourist in Palma de Mallorca, Balearic Islands, who contracted the disease after coming into contact with someone in France who subsequently tested positive.[13]

On 12 February, Barcelona's Mobile World Congress was cancelled.[14]

On 13 February, the first death in Spain was recorded involving a 69-year-old man who had been in Nepal. He died in Valencia and was diagnosed post-mortem.[15]

On 24 February, following a COVID-19 outbreak in Italy, a medical doctor from Lombardy, Italy, who was on holiday in Tenerife, tested positive at the University Hospital of the Nuestra Señora de Candelaria in Spain.[6] The H10 Costa Adeje Palace in Tenerife was put on lockdown.[16]

On 25 February, four new cases related to the Italian cluster were confirmed in Spain:

  • In Canary Islands, the wife of the medical doctor from Lombardy, who was on holiday in Tenerife, tested positive.[6]
  • In Catalonia, a 36-year-old Italian woman living in Spain, who visited Bergamo and Milan from 12 to 22 February, also tested positive in Barcelona.[7][8]
  • A 24-year-old man from Madrid, who recently returned from Northern Italy, tested positive and was admitted to Hospital Carlos III.[17][18]
  • In the Valencian Community, a man from Villarreal, who recently travelled to Milan, tested positive and was admitted to Hospital Universitario De La Plana, Castellón.[19]

On 26 February:

  • The first reported case in Andalusia was confirmed in Seville.[20]
  • On the Canary Islands, two Italian tourists, who were on holiday with the Italian doctor and his wife, also tested positive. The group were transferred to University Hospital of the Nuestra Señora de Candelaria and underwent quarantine.[21] In Barcelona, a 22-year-old man who visited Italy a few days ago was tested positive.[22] Another positive was detected in Hospital Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, San Sebastián de La Gomera.[23]
  • A second case in Madrid was also reported.[24]

On 27 February:

  • In Barcelona, a 22-year-old woman from Tenerife, who travelled to Italy from 19 to 25 February, was admitted to Hospital Clínic.[25]
  • In Castile and León, an 18-year-old Italian Erasmus student studying in IE University, Segovia, who had just returned from Milan, was admitted to Hospital General de Segovia,[26][27] and an engineer from Iran, working in Valladolid.[28]
  • In the Valencian Community, a 44-year-old man from Valencia, who worked as a sportswriter and travelled to Milan's San Siro Stadium on 19 February to watch a football clash between Atalanta B.C. and Valencia CF, tested positive and was admitted to Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia. Two other people with whom he had contact also tested positive and were admitted to the same hospital. Two more people, who had visited the same football game in Milan, were hospitalised at the same place.[29][30][31][32] A woman, who had visited Milan, was hospitalised at Hospital de Sagunto, Valencia.[32] An Italian student studying in Valencia, who had visited Northern Italy, was admitted to Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset.[32]

On 28 February:

Television cameras covering the first coronavirus cases in a Hospital in Valencia.

On 29 February:

  • In Andalusia, two new suspicious cases tested positive in Fuengirola involving two men aged 59 and 62 years old residing in the province of Málaga, increasing to a total of ten cases.[37]
  • The first positive in Asturias was reported.[38]
  • On the Balearic Islands, a new positive case was confirmed, a woman in Mallorca who remains isolated at the Son Espases University Hospital.[39]
  • In the Basque Country another case was reported.[40]
  • In Cantabria, the first case involving a person who travelled to Italy tested positive.[41]
  • Two more cases were confirmed in Catalonia: one in Girona and the other in Sant Cugat del Vallès.[42]
  • The first case in Navarre was reported.[43]

March[edit]

1 March
  • In Andalusia two young infected doctors increased the number of Andalusian cases to 12.[44]
  • In the Basque Country another four cases were reported, three originated from previous positive contacts in the province of Álava, while one from Gipuzkoa was a healthcare professional and did not have any relationship or history of risk.[45]
  • In Castilla–La Mancha the first case of coronavirus was confirmed, a 62-year-old male from the province of Guadalajara.[46]
  • In Castile and León, one case was reported of a 62-year-old truck driver who had travelled to Milan two weeks before and tested positive for coronavirus at El Bierzo Hospital.[47]
  • Extremadura announced the first four cases, a 56-year-old male in Coria, a 56-year-old man in Cáceres also and two males of 58 years and another of 19 in Llerena-Zafra.[48]
2 March
  • In the Basque Country, another healthcare worker was reported infected in the province of Álava, bringing the number of cases to 10.[49]
  • In Cantabria, nine new cases originating from people who travelled to Italy increased the total cases there 10 cases in the community.[50]
  • Castilla–La Mancha announced two new cases: men of 23 and 30 years of age, both imported cases, with an epidemiological link with the risk zone of northern Italy and who were being treated in the Almansa and Albacete hospitals.[51]
  • In Castile and León five new cases in one day brought the total to eight people affected by coronavirus in the region.[52] Three in Leon, of which one was a policeman from León who had been taking a statement from two Korean citizens with an active cough,[53] a 19-year-old student of the University of Salamanca,[54] and a 52-year-old man from La Rioja in the province of Burgos.[55]
  • Catalonia reported three more positive cases to the list: two 16 and 20-year-old women residing in Girona who had travelled to northern Italy between 14 and 16 February. The third case is a 28-year-old man living in Barcelona who had travelled to Milan from 20 to 23 February.[56]
  • Two new positives in Extremadura, two women aged 20 and 21 from Badajoz, increased the total to 6.[57]
  • Positive cases of coronavirus increased to 29 in the Community of Madrid, after an initial erroneous report that reported the figure as 32 in a press conference by the director of the Centre for Coordination of Health Alerts and Emergencies of the Ministry of Health, Fernando Simón.[58]
  • In Navarre, a second positive case was reported of a man aged 34, who was a family member of the admitted woman.[59]
  • In La Rioja the first case was confirmed.[60]
3 March
  • Another infected person was reported in Málaga, Andalusia, with a total of 13 reported cases.[61]
  • The second and third positives in Asturias were reported, amounting to 3 cases.[62][63]
  • In Balearic Islands a third positive case was confirmed.[64]
  • In the Basque Country three more positives, two new infected in Álava, and the first one from Bizkaia, raising the total positives to 13, 10 in Araba, 2 in Gipuzkoa and 1 in Bizkaia.[65]
  • In Castilla–La Mancha there were 4 new cases reported, bringing the total up to 7, two in the province of Guadalajara and another two in the province of Toledo.[66]
  • A new case in Catalonia, a 38-year-old tourist who had been in Milan, reaching 18 infected people.[67]
  • In the Community of Madrid 27 new positive cases of coronavirus bring the total up to 56, with five serious in intensive care.[68]
  • In La Rioja the second case of coronavirus was confirmed, a man who was in contact with the person who is part of the health staff of the Txagorritxu Hospital (Vitoria-Gasteiz, Álava) that was confirmed as the first case in the community.[69]
  • In the Valencian Community the number of infected rises to 19 cases, with four new cases.[70] After a forensic investigation, a man who had been infected with coronavirus in the Hospital Arnau de Vilanova died on 13 February in Valencia.[71]
  • The first death in Madrid took place this day; it was reported on 5 March after a forensic analysis.[72][73]
4 March
  • In Asturias a new positive case was reported, amounting 4 cases.[74]
  • In Aragon the first case of coronavirus was confirmed, a 79-year-old man.[75]
  • In the Balearic Islands, two more confirmed cases, two young men from Sa Pobla who travelled to Bergamo, making a total of 4 active cases and one recovered.[76]
  • In the Basque Country 8 another positives bring the total positives to 21, 16 active cases in Álava, two in Gipuzkoa and three more infected and one death in Vizcaya. 250 people remain in isolation, more than of them a hundred are health professionals.[77][78]
  • In Castile and León three more new cases in one day bring the total to 11 affected by coronaviruses in the region: a young woman, health professional from the Basque Health Service, admitted to the Burgos University Assistance Complex, another male in Miranda de Ebro and young man from a recent trip to Italy in Segovia.[79]
  • In Castilla–La Mancha there were 5 new cases reported, bringing the total up to 12: 7 in the province of Guadalajara, 2 in Toledo, 1 in Albacete, 1 in Almansa and 1 in Tomelloso.[80]
  • 10 new cases in Catalonia, reaching a total of 28 infected people, a 23-year-old woman from Barcelona who had been on holiday in Milan, a 39-year-old man from Barcelona who had travelled to Bergamo and Milan, a 40-year-old man from Barcelona who also travelled to Milan, a 47-year-old man from Manresa who was infected by a positive from Valencia, and a 53-year-old woman and a 52-year-old man, both from Girona, who have also been infected by previously confirmed cases, all these last three cases by local contact.[81][82]
  • In Galicia, the first case in the community was confirmed in A Coruña.[83]
  • In the Community of Madrid 20 new positive cases of coronavirus brought the total to 76, of which 41 were hospitalised and 7 in intensive care.[84]
  • Five new cases were reported in La Rioja, but one of them is counted in Burgos, Castilla y León, so the positives cases total in the community amounts to 6.[85][86]
  • In the Valencian Community the infected rises to 22 cases, with four new cases and one of the previous day discarded, 3 of them in the province of Alicante.[87]
5 March
  • In Andalusia 4 new cases were reported, a 17-year-old girl in Málaga at the Santa Rosa de Lima school who returned last week from a study trip to Italy, a 23-year-old girl and a 37-year-old woman in Seville and a 41-year-old woman in Alhaurín de la Torre, which adds a total of 17 active cases and not 16 as reported by the media.[88][89]
  • In Asturias a new positive case in Gijón, a 48-year-old male related to the Torrejón de Ardoz cluster (Madrid), was reported, amounting 5 cases.[90]
  • In the Balearic Islands, one more positive male, making a total of 5 active cases and one recovered.[91]
  • In the Basque Country 6 another positives, raising the total positives to 27.[92]
  • In the Canary Islands two new cases (a female Italian tourist in Gran Canaria and an Italian tourist in San Cristobal de la Laguna) and a recovery of a person (an hotel guest of H10 Costa Adeje Palace) were reported, raising the total to 8 active cases and 3 recoverys.[93][94][95]
  • In Castile and León two new cases in Tamames, province of Salamanca, and Valladolid, raise the total positives to 13.[96][97]
  • In Castilla–La Mancha 1 new case in Guadalajara was reported, raising the total to 13.[98]
  • In Catalonia, 4 new positive cases of coronavirus increase to 32 in total.[99]
  • In Galicia, the second positive in the community, a 43-year-old male admitted to the Álvaro Cunqueiro de Vigo Hospital was confirmed in Vigo.[100]
  • In the Community of Madrid, 13 new positive cases of coronavirus increase to 89 in total and, after a forensic investigation, it is discovered that a 99-year-old woman died in Madrid on 3 March due to coronavirus, becoming the third confirmed death in Spain.[72][73]
  • In Navarra a third case was announced, making a total of 3 cases and not 4 as the media account, since one is hospitalised and accounted for in the Basque Country.[101]
  • In La Rioja 4 new positive cases of coronavirus brought the total to 10.[102] Subsequently, that same afternoon the figure was increased to 17 cases.[103]
  • In the Valencian Community the infected rises to 30 cases, with 8 new cases in Castellón, Elche, Orihuela, and Valencia.[104]
6 March
  • In Andalusia 5 new cases were reported, a 63-year-old woman in Malaga who had recently travelled to Italy, a 48-year-old woman in Baeza (Jaén) who has recently travelled to Italy, a 78-year-old man in Jaén, a 74-year-old man in Marbella admitted to the Costa del Sol Hospital and a 72-year-old man in Torremolinos who is admitted to the Vithas Xánit Internacional hospital in Malaga, totalling 22 active cases.[105]
  • In Aragon the second case of coronavirus was confirmed, an 87-year-old man admitted to the hospital at the Nuestra Señora de Gracia Hospital [es] in Zaragoza, which died a few hours later.[106][107] Another 8 were reported, rising the total to 9 active cases and 1 deceased.[108]
  • Asturias adds two new positive cases, related to the 48-year-old man with epidemiological link to the cluster of Torrejón de Ardoz (Madrid), amounting 7 active cases.[109]
  • In the Balearic Islands, one more case test positive, a male admitted to the Can Misses Hospital, making a total of 6 active cases and one recovered.[110]
  • In Basque Country 18 another positives, 13 new positives in Araba and 5 in Bizkaia, rising the total positives to 45.[111]
  • In Canary Islands a new case is reported, male in San Cristobal de la Laguna, Tenerife.[112] Another three Italian female tourist and another person in Tenerife tested positive, raising the total to 13 active cases and 3 recoverys, 9 of them in Tenerife and 4 in Gran Canaria.[113][114]
  • In Cantabria a new case, a "young person" who has been infected in the Basque Country, which currently records a total of 11 cases in the community.[115]
  • In Castile and León a new case in Burgos, a young woman, raise the total positives to 14.[116]
  • In Castilla–La Mancha 2 new cases in Guadalajara were reported, rising the total to 15, distributed in Guadalajara with ten confirmed cases, Toledo two, Albacete one, Almansa one and Tomelloso one.[117]
  • In Catalonia, 5 new positive cases of coronavirus, a 29-year-old woman who is in serious condition, a 19-year-old girl in Barcelona, a 57-year-old man in Cabrils (Barcelona), a 35-year-old woman in Barcelona and a 55-year-old woman in Barcelona who travelled to Milan, increase to 37 in total.[118]
  • In Galicia, the third and fourth positives in the community, a 15 years old child and a 47-year-old woman admitted to the Álvaro Cunqueiro de Vigo Hospital were confirmed in Vigo.[119][120]
  • In the Community of Madrid, 46 new positive cases of coronavirus in Valdemoro increase to 134 active cases and 4 deaths in total,[121] including a 76-year-old man with previous pathologies who died at the Infanta Elena Hospital of Valdemoro, the fourth confirmed death in Spain,[122][123] other 91 years old man dead at the Gregorio Marañón Hospital[124] and another 83 years old man deceased at the Severo Ochoa Hospital in Leganés.[125]
  • In La Rioja 21 new positive cases of coronavirus increase to 38 in total.[126][127]
  • A new positive case, a man admitted to the Universitary General Hospital of Alicante [es] who travelled to northern Italy and a 31-year-old person from Burriana discharged, giving a total of 30 active cases in the Valencian Community.[128][129]
  • The Spanish Episcopal Conference indicated that churches should remove the holy water from the pillars, avoid the gesture of shaking hands as a way of giving peace, and not kiss religious images, a typical gesture in Lent.[130]
7 March
8 March
9 March
10 March
  • First death confirmed in La Rioja.[141]
  • The regional government of La Rioja announced the suspension of classes for a period of two weeks.[142]
  • Javier Ortega Smith, General Secretary of the far-right Vox, third political force in Spanish parliament, tests positive after his party hosted a nationwide meeting with sympathizers on 8 March.[143]
  • After Ortega Smith tested positive for COVID-19, the Congress of Deputies and the Senate suspended its parliamentary activity for a period of a week and 52 Vox's lawmakers are asked to stay at home.[144]
  • All direct flights between Spanish and Italian airports suspended until 25 March.[145]
  • The first cases in province of Tarragona are confirmed; two in Cambrils and two others in Salou.[146]
  • An elderly woman from Castellserà becomes the first case in Province of Lleida, making all Catalan provinces with cases.[147]
  • The Constitutional Court suspended its activity for the following two days.[148] The Royal Spanish Academy also suspends its plenary sessions.[149]
  • The Royal Household announced that the King's agenda of the week was suspended, except for an official visit to France the following day.[150]
  • The Conference of rectors of Madrid public universities (CRUMA) decided to delay the academic calendar, classes, exams and enrollments by two weeks.[151]
  • Spanish Government suspends events with more than one thousand attendants in Madrid, La Rioja and Vitoria.[152]
  • The Valencian Government decides to postpone the Falles of Valencia for the fifth time in its history and the Magdalena, in Castellón.[153]
11 March
  • The Catalan government followed the steps of the Spanish government taken the previous day and suspended events with more than one thousand attendees in the region.[154]
  • Madrid cancelled the main tribute in honour of the 11-M terrorist attacks in Atocha.[155]
  • First death reported in Extremadura.[156]
  • A second national deputy of the far-right Vox that did not have any contact with the first one tests positive for COVID-19.[157]
  • The Assembly of Madrid, regional parliament of Madrid, suspended its activities for a period of 15 days, after Ortega Smith had tested positive.[158]
  • The Parliament of Andalusia, regional parliament of Andalusia, suspended its activities for a week after a deputy in the regional chamber from Vox was confirmed positive.[159]
  • Ana Pastor, second vice-president of the Spanish Congress, former President of the Congress and former Minister of Health and of Public Works, announced she was affected by the coronavirus.[160]
  • A woman in El Vendrell becomes the fifth case in the province of Tarragona.[161]
  • Ana Vega, Vox's spokesperson in the Valencian Corts, announces she is positive in COVID-19, becoming the fourth elected politician of the far-right party infected.[162]
  • Minister of Health of the Basque government, Nekane Murga, announces the closure of all schools in the Álava, after 12 pupils were affected by COVID-19. The measure will affect more than 60,000 students.[163]
  • Spanish Ministry of Culture orders in Madrid the closing of all ministry dependent centres, including the museums of El Prado, Reina Sofía, Thyssen, the Spanish Filmoteca Española, Archaeological and Anthropological museums, as well as the National Library and the Royal Palace among others.[164]
  • The 2020 Copa del Rey Final – the national football cup final due to be held in Seville on 18 April between two teams from the Basque Country – was postponed on the assumption that it would have been cancelled or played in an empty stadium, in the hope that a solution would be found in the coming weeks to allow supporters to attend the important event as normal. No rescheduled date for the fixture was proposed at that point.[165]
12 March
13 March
14 March
  • Vox Deputy Antonio Salvá tested positive for COVID-19.[219]
  • Seville, Granada and Cordoba City Councils, as well as the Region of Murcia, officially cancelled the Holy Week festivities.[220]
  • First death reported in Galicia.[221]
  • The regional governments of Murcia and the Basque Country close all shops except those selling food and basic necessities.[222]
  • The Mayor of Madrid closes parks and public gardens.[223]
  • The Spanish government imposes a nationwide lockdown, bans all trips that are not force majeure and announces it may intervene in companies to guarantee supplies.[224][225]
  • Other provinces start to announce the cancellation of the Holy Week festivities.[226]
  • Begoña Gómez, Prime Minister's wife, tests positive for COVID-19.[227]
15 March
Deserted streets in Vilafranca del Penedès.
  • First case in the autonomous city of Ceuta, a student from Madrid.[228]
  • Ministry of Health confirms another 2,000 cases.
  • Seville's Feria de Abril is postponed to September for the first time in its history.[229]
  • Ombudsman of Catalonia Rafael Ribó and Catalan Vice President Pere Aragonès test positive for the virus.[230][231]
  • Valencia CF announces five cases of coronavirus; footballers Ezequiel Garay, Eliaquim Mangala and José Luis Gayà, and one member of the technical team and one doctor.[232]
  • In response to the increasing number of cases of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic, the Spanish government declared a State of Alarm and announced the imposition of a national lockdown starting on 15 March as part of emergency measures to combat the coronavirus outbreak in the country.[233][234] All residents are mandated to remain in their normal residences except to purchase food and medicines, work or attend emergencies.[235][236] Lockdown restrictions also mandated the temporary closure of non-essential shops and businesses, including bars, restaurants, cafes, cinemas and commercial and retail businesses, while also announcing that the government will be able to take over private healthcare providers, if needed.[233][237] The announcement came following significant increases in the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Spain, increasing by 66% from 3,146 cases to 5,232 cases on 13 March 2020.[238] The "extraordinary decision", according to the PM Pedro Sánchez, is necessary as Spain deals with a "health, social and economic crisis".[233]
16 March
  • President of the Community of Madrid, Isabel Díaz Ayuso, who presides over the most affected region, becomes the first regional president to test positive for the virus.[239]
  • Basque elections, scheduled for 5 April, are delayed until the crisis is overcome, after an agreement between all the political parties represented in the Basque parliament.[240]
  • President of the Government of Catalonia Quim Torra, who presides over the second-most affected region, also tested positive for coronavirus.[241]
  • Galician elections, also scheduled for 5 April, were delayed until the crisis had been resolved.[242]
  • Minister of the Interior Grande-Marlaska announced the closing of Spanish frontiers to be in effect from 12 pm on 16 March, only authorising the entry of Spanish citizens and those that prove cause of force majeure or situation of need. The entry restrictions will have no effect on the transport of merchandise to guarantee the supply chain. It will not affect foreign diplomatic personnel either.[243]
17 March
  • The first death in the province of Tarragona is confirmed in Valls hospital, an 88-year-old woman from Badalona.[244]
  • The Selectividad (Spanish University Access Tests), scheduled in June for more than 300,000 students, were delayed until further notice.[245]
  • President of the Government of the Balearic Islands, Francina Armengol, announced that after receiving the approval of the Spanish government, her government would proceed to the closure of all airports and ports in the region, with "a few exceptions".[246]
  • PM Pedro Sánchez announces a support package of more than 200 billion euros, almost 20% of the Spanish GDP, to cushion the impact of the coronavirus crisis. The Royal Decree approved by his government also includes a moratorium on the payment of mortgages for workers and self-employed in economic vulnerability and for those affected by COVID-19, as well as the streamlining of temporary dismissal files (known as ERTE), support for workers and companies affected by downturns, measures to guarantee the liquidity of companies and to promote research to achieve a vaccine.[247][248]
  • Former President of Real Madrid Lorenzo Sanz is admitted to hospital in serious condition after testing positive for coronavirus.[249]
18 March
  • The number of infections reached 14,500 as the death toll reached more than 600.[250]
  • A donation from the Chinese government of more than 500,000 facemasks arrives in Spain.[251]
  • The Basque Minister of Education lengthened the closure of schools indefinitely.[252]
  • The Congress of Deputies met in a historic session as the Prime Minister reports on the management of the state of Alarm. In strict health security measures, only 5% of lawmakers were present.[253]
  • Former Senator and former Mayor of Badalona Xavier García Albiol tested positive for COVID-19.[254]
  • The King Felipe VI addressed a message to the nation in a special speech for the second time in his reign and the sixth by a monarch in 40 years of democracy.[255][256]
19 March
Empty shelves in a Consum supermarket.
  • The Canary Islands restrict flights between the peninsula and its islands. Air and sea connections to The Balearic Islands cease due to flight companies stopping all flights.[257]
  • First reported death of a healthcare worker in the country, a nurse from the Basque Country.[258]
  • Former President of the Community of Madrid and former President of the Senate Esperanza Aguirre and her husband are hospitalised.[259]
  • Itziar Ituño, an actress known for her role as Inspector Raquel Murillo in the Spanish television series Money Heist, announced she had tested positive.[260]
20 March
21 March;
22 March;
  • Plácido Domingo, a well-known Spanish opera singer, announced he has tested positive for COVID-19.[267]
  • Spanish PM Pedro Sánchez announces that he will take the petition to extend the State of Alarm in the nation until 11 April to the Congress after consultations with regional presidents.[268][269]
  • The mother and the father-in-law of the Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez are hospitalised after being infected with coronavirus.[270]
  • The President of the Region of Murcia orders the cessation of all non-essential economic activities, a decision later revoked by the central government.[271]
23 March
24 March
  • The number of deaths had risen by 514 in the previous 24 hours (a record) with 2,696 now reported to have died.[279]
  • "Palacio del Hielo", an ice rink in Madrid, begins to be used as a morgue.[280]
  • Former Minister of Defence and former President of Castile-La Mancha María Dolores de Cospedal and her husband tested positive for coronavirus. They were hospitalised a few days earlier but were without serious symptoms at home.[281]
  • Judge Baltasar Garzón and retired Argentine goalkeeper Hugo Gatti were admitted to hospital after contracting COVID-19.[282][283]
  • 5,400 medical professionals were confirmed to have tested positive for coronavirus and sent home, further straining the hospitals, where a lack of protective equipment has put workers at risk.[284]
25 March

Governmental response[edit]

On 9 March, Fernando Simón, who is in charge of medical emergencies in Madrid, stated that "Spain will only have a handful of cases".[286] The same day, the Government of the Community of Madrid (the executive body of the region with the highest number of cases as of that date) approved extraordinary measures. These measures included the cancellation (to be enforced from 11 March onwards) of all in-person classes in the Autonomous community of Madrid at all educational levels for an initial period of 15 days, until 26 March, encouraging online lessons instead if possible.[287][288] On the same day the Basque Government announced the same measure would be enforced in the municipality of Vitoria-Gasteiz from 10 March onwards.[289]

Due to the pandemic, the Cabinet had to meet virtually for the first time, with the majority of ministers attending via videoconference.

On 10 March 2020 the Government of Spain decreed the immediate cancellation of all direct flights from Italy to Spain until 25 March.[290] On 10 March the Government of La Rioja approved the same measures as the Madrid region vis-à-vis the cancellation of classes, to be enforced from 11 March onwards too.[291]

On 13 March 2020 the Government of the Community of Madrid decreed the shutting down of bars, restaurants and "non-alimentary" shops (only allowing the opening of supermarkets and chemist's shops).[292]

Also on 13 March, the Government of Spain announced the State of Alarm across all the country would be decreed on the next day by the Council of Ministers. Thus, on 14 March the state of alarm for an initial period of 15 days was declared under the shelter of the Article 116.2 of the Spanish constitution. Should it be extended for a longer period, it needs the approval of the Congress of Deputies.[293][294][295] The delay in implementing the state of emergency meant that some people in Madrid left for the regions, bringing the virus with them.[286]

As of 23 March 2020, there were 240,245 police officers[296] and more than 2,500 military deployed across the country.[297] Some police made trips to quarantined populations and played music to lift spirits.[298] On 24 March, the government seized control of private nursing homes nationwide, and announced a judicial inquiry after troops found nursing home patients who had died of COVID-19 left dead in their beds.[299] In Madrid, hospitals refused transfers from nursing homes, and a skating rink was used to store dead bodies as the city morgue overflowed.[299]

The Spanish government had ordered 340,000 coronavirus test kits from Shenzhen Bioeasy Biotechnology, which claimed an 80 percent strike rate. However, the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC) found that Bioeasy's test kit, which uses nose swabs, had an accuracy rate of less than 30 percent, and the city of Madrid stopped using them. The Chinese embassy claimed that the Bioeasy test kits had not been approved by China’s National Medical Products Administration and said they were not included in the medical supplies sent by the Chinese government to Spain.[300][301][302]

According to a The Guardian article on 26 March, Spain's initially slow response to the coronavirus caused the epidemic to become severe even though it did not share a land border with Italy or other severely affected countries.[286]

Economic and social impact[edit]

On 6 March, EFE reported that myths related to the coronavirus were spreading through the country.[303]

On 20 March, Isabel Díaz Ayuso announced that 80% of the city's residents might get the disease.[304]

On 23 March, The Guardian reported that hospitals and nursing homes in the Madrid area were being overwhelmed by coronavirus patients.[305] Per capita, Spain has only a third as many hospital beds as Germany and Austria. Many nursing homes in Spain are understaffed because they are for-profit businesses and elderly Spaniards cannot necessarily afford sufficient care.[286] In some nursing homes, elderly victims were found abandoned in their beds by Spanish soldiers mounting emergency response. Defense minister Margarita Robles said that anyone guilty of neglect will be prosecuted.[305]

The pandemic has also influenced Spain's fragile economy and finances, with economist Toni Roldán stating that the country will need €200bn in loans from the European Stability Mechanism.[286]

Spread to other countries and territories[edit]

On 29 February 2020, a woman who had arrived in Ecuador on 14 February from Spain tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and became the first case of coronavirus in the country. Days later she felt discomfort and fever, so she was hospitalised and underwent various tests. The person, 70 years old and with previous illnesses, was isolated and admitted “in intensive care”. According to Deputy Minister Julio López, her status was critical and her forecast was reserved.[306] On 13 March 2020, the first death (the first Ecuadorian infection case) was reported by the Minister of Public Health of Ecuador, Catalina Andramuño, during a press conference in Guayaquil.[307]

On 8 March, Portugal confirmed a case originating from Spain.[308] On 10 March, a further case was detected and the following day (11 March) another three cases.[309][310]

On 13 March, Venezuelan Vice-President Delcy Rodríguez confirmed two cases of the virus in the state of Miranda.[311][312] Rodríguez asked all the passengers of the 5 and 8 March Iberia 6673 flight to immediately enter into a mandatory preventive quarantine since the two cases were from this flight.[313]

Travel restrictions[edit]

  Spain
  Entry ban
  Mandatory quarantine

As of 26 March 2020 the following countries or territories have imposed some kind of travel restrictions on Spanish citizens:

Entry ban or passenger traffic suspended[edit]

Mandatory quarantine[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in Spain by day and autonomous communities ()

Reported by AN AR AS IB CN CB CM CL CT CE VC EX GA MD ML MU NA PV RI Confirmed Deaths ICU Rec. Tested Refs Notes
Date Time New Total New Total Total Total Total
2020-01-31 N/A 1 1 1 N/A [370]
2020-02-09 N/A 1 1 2 N/A
2020-02-24 N/A 4 4 6 N/A
2020-02-25 N/A 1 1 2 4 10 N/A
2020-02-27 13:00 1 1 -1 1 2 2 6 16 N/A [371]
2020-02-28 13:00 5 1 2 1 6 1 16 32 N/A [372]
2020-02-29 N/A 6 -1 1 1 1 10 3 1 12 7 6 24 1 9 1 82 N/A N/A [373]
2020-03-01 N/A N/A N/A
2020-03-02 13:00 114 N/A
2020-03-03 13:00 1 4 5 20 4 2 36 150 N/A [374]
2020-03-04 13:00 1 3 5 3 4 1 21 2 4 4 48 198 1 1 7 1 [375]
2020-03-05 13:00 -1 1 3 1 1 1 9 20 4 39 237 2 3 9 3 [376]
2020-03-06 13:00 9 5 3 2 3 11 2 47 28 18 128 365 2 5 11 10 [377]
2020-03-07 N/A 33 7 2 5 11 2 11 9 51 7 1 3 332 4 104 52 634 N/A 11 N/A N/A 30 [378]
2020-03-08 N/A N/A N/A N/A 32
2020-03-09 13:00 999 16 68 32
2020-03-10 13:00 17 25 15 2 3 13 33 49 13 1 16 313 5 9 46 63 623 1,622 19 35 100 35 [379]
2020-03-11 13:00 19 7 10 3 12 32 15 32 15 1 17 242 2 34 30 35 506 2,128 12 47 142 138 [380]
2020-03-12 13:00 25 19 15 6 14 4 44 21 104 11 10 -4 364 15 27 121 26 822 2,950 37 84 190 189 [381]
2020-03-13 13:00 104 16 20 8 19 13 79 77 56 18 20 50 602 2 9 57 71 38 1,259 4,209 36 120 272 193 [382]
2020-03-14 11:30 50 0 25 -2 20 2 95 54 193 36 27 30 950 1 12 16 35 1,544 5,753 16 136 293 517 [383]
2020-03-15 11:30 168 67 45 0 19 20 112 69 206 1 279 29 80 604 5 24 37 213 22 2,000 7,753 152 288 382 517 [384]
2020-03-16 13:00 117 27 40 45 10 7 166 42 188 0 0 16 50 625 0 6 91 0 12 1,438 9,191 101 389 432 530 [385]
21:00 129 33 16 19 29 0 0 97 491 0 132 42 47 706 9 20 66 135 43 1,987 11,178 182 571 563 1,028 [386]
2020-03-17 21:00 176 19 49 20 33 10 108 237 472 0 185 41 49 766 3 25 73 208 64 2,538 13,716 107 678 774 1,081 [387]
2020-03-18 21:00 149 55 50 57 39 15 126 200 836 0 196 47 112 1,140 3 45 96 217 49 3,431 17,147 169 847 939 1,107 [388]
2020-03-19 21:00 279 79 52 34 67 61 243 279 568 4 184 56 125 388 1 37 72 275 29 2,833 19,980 235 1,082 1,141 1,585 [389]
2020-03-20 21:00 228 64 142 43 61 71 379 319 933 0 258 57 161 1,756 1 36 110 260 67 4,946 24,926 324 1,406 1,612 2,125 [390]
2020-03-21 21:00 210 108 59 85 66 67 396 278 501 0 241 30 176 781 0 56 130 372 90 3,646 28,572 394 1,800 1,785 2,575 [391]
2020-03-22 21:00 236 106 49 69 67 65 259 311 1,221 1 297 109 293 873 3 49 92 324 93 4,517 33,089 462 2,262 2,355 3,355 [392]
2020-03-23 21:00 510 120 68 78 76 78 387 405 1,939 0 266 143 207 1,777 0 40 128 307 55 6,584 39,673 514 2,776 2,636 3,794 [393]
2020-03-24 21:00 539 149 117 84 100 85 315 480 2,073 3 449 106 238 2,245 10 92 183 543 126 7,937 47,610 658 3,434 3,166 5,367 [394]
2020-03-25 21:00 396 209 62 98 127 161 603 548 1,655 1 584 227 262 2,569 1 119 214 675 67 8,578 56,188 655 4,089 3,679 7,015 [395]
2020-03-26 21:00 387 222 59 95 94 139 551 644 1,348 7 332 262 407 2,077 3 118 230 655 241 7,871 64,059 769 4,858 4,165 9,357 [369]
Cases 64,059 3,793 1,338 900 755 878 810 3,934 4,132 12,940 17 3,532 1,231 2,322 19,243 42 714 1,641 4,601 1,236 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Deaths 4,858 144 58 29 22 27 21 367 252 880 0 198 69 43 2,412 1 15 58 207 55 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ICU 4,165 148 114 47 46 61 29 273 228 1,187 2 252 41 98 1,312 2 53 75 154 43 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A


Charts[edit]

Charts based on daily reports from the Spanish Ministry of Health on confirmed cases of COVID-19.[396]

Number of cases (blue) and number of deaths (red) on a logarithmic scale.
New cases and deaths per day

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]